Military Review

"It is above the mountain Alesha" ...

26
This song often sounded in Soviet times:


Does the field turn white,
Powder, powder,
Does the field turn white?
Ile noisy showers rustle,
It is above the mountain Alesha,
Alyosha, Alyosha,
It stands over the mountain Alesha -
Bulgarian Russian soldier.


"It is above the mountain Alesha" ...


60 years ago, on November 5, 1957, in the city of Plovdiv, on the Bunardzhik Hill (Liberators' Hill), the grand opening of the 11-meter monument to the Soviet soldier took place.

The idea of ​​perpetuating the feat of the liberator army has been discussed in Bulgaria since 1948. Moreover, this initiative was not even the authorities, but the Bulgarian people. The people who met the Red Army with flowers in September 1944 of the year.

9 May 1948 was created a special public committee, whose task was to create a monument to the Soviet liberators in Bulgaria. At the same time, the first stone of the future memorial was laid. The place on the high hill was not chosen by chance - so that the monument could be seen from anywhere in the city.

A year later, an all-Bulgarian competition was held, at which a project called “Red Bogatyr” won. After some improvements and revisions, it was he who was destined to become that monument, sung in the Soviet song.

Sculptors Vasil Radoslavov, Lyubomir Dalchev, Todor Bosilkov, Alexander Kovachev, Georgy Kotsev, Alexander Zankov, as well as architects Nikolai Marangozov, Peter Tsvetkov, Boris Markov, worked on the creation of the memorial complex.

In 1954, the memorial was actually built. Its opening took place on the eve of the 40 anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution. Giant Soviet warrior looks at the Bulgarian city from the 6-meter pedestal. On the pedestal are two bas-reliefs: “The Soviet army beats the enemy” and “The people meet the liberators”. Climb to the figure of a soldier can be the stairs, consisting of one hundred steps.

A lot under the scary burden
Under the scary burden
A lot under the scary burden
Lay down the nameless guys.
But the fact that this one is Alyosha
Alyosha, Alyosha,
But the fact that this one is Alyosha
It is known throughout Bulgaria.


Indeed, “Alyosha” became the embodiment of the image of all those Alekseev, Ivanov, Pavlov, Sergeev, Alexandrov and others, many and many, who died in battle with the Nazis.

However, fortunately, the man from whom Alyosha was sculpted survived the war and lived a long, fruitful life. This is the ordinary consolidated company of the Third Ukrainian Front, Aleksey Ivanovich Skurlatov. He served as the shooter of the 10-th separate ski battalion of the 922 rifle regiment. In one of the battles he was seriously wounded. He was even mistaken for a dead man, but by a miracle he survived. After that, he was transferred to the communications operators. Restored the telephone line between Sofia and Plovdiv. There Skurlatov met Metodi Vitanov, who worked at the telephone exchange and was an active member of the Bulgarian Resistance. These two fighters became friends.

It was Vitanov who gave the sculptors who worked on the creation of the monument, a photo of Skurlatov. Inspired by the image of a handsome guy, they immortalized him in stone. Moreover, Aleksey himself didn’t even know about it for a long time.

In 1962, the Soviet composer Eduard Kolmanovsky visited Bulgaria. He also visited Plovdiv, where, of course, he saw a magnificent monument. He had the idea to create a song dedicated to the fighters who liberated the brotherly country from the fascists.

The famous poet Konstantin Vanshenkin supported the idea and wrote poems for the song. In 1967, it was performed by the legendary ensemble of the Soviet Army named after Aleksandrov - just at the foot of the monument. The following year, it sounded at the 9th World Festival of Youth and Students, which was held in Sofia. Soon the song was translated into Bulgarian. She was picked up by Bulgarian singers - Margret Nikolova, Georgi Kordov, Biser Kirov and even Bedros Kirkorov.


To the valleys calm
Calm down
To the valleys calm
He does not descend from the heights.
He does not give flowers to girls,
Girls, girls,
He does not give flowers to girls -
They give him flowers.


This song became the hymn of Plovdiv. It sounded every morning, broadcast by the radio station of the city.

When Alexey Skurlatov, who lived in Altai, heard the song “Alyosha” on the radio, he joked: “Maybe it's about me? I was there. ” But the USSR authorities were looking for the person from whom the sculpture was created. Finally, they found and sent photos of him to Metodi Vitanov, who immediately recognized his friend.

... The black times of the collapse of the Socialist camp and the waves of "velvet revolutions" came. Anti-fascist heroes were declared “Soviet occupiers”. In 1989, the song “Alyosha” ceased to be the hymn of Plovdiv, and the monument itself was under threat.

They tried to demolish it three times - in 1989, 1993 and 1996. And three times the public of the city did not allow it. Live chains were organized around Alyosha, and the girls, as in a song, still gave him flowers.

In the year 1996, after another attempt to demolish, the Supreme Court of Bulgaria decided that this sculpture, as a monument to the Second World War, could not be destroyed. However, this does not mean that the danger to the monument has passed. He was repeatedly desecrated, put insulting Nazi inscriptions.

So, in March, 2017, when the vandals mocked the monument, the Russian Foreign Ministry sent a note of protest demanding to investigate the incident, but in July someone's dirty little hands again messed up. Unfortunately, such unconsciousness takes place not only in Bulgaria ...

3 November 2013, Alexey Skurlatov passed away. He was 91 year ... And the monument, which the inhabitants defended in a difficult struggle, still towers over the Bulgarian city, in the liberation of which he participated. And on Victory Day he will be brought flowers again.


"It is above the mountain Alesha" ...
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  1. Grandfather
    Grandfather 7 November 2017 06: 58
    +1
    what can I say ... not "bros" now, not "bros ... the memory is short.
    1. verner1967
      verner1967 7 November 2017 07: 22
      12
      Quote: Dead Day
      what can I say ... not "bros" now, not "bros ... the memory is short.

      They tried to demolish it three times - in 1989, 1993 and 1996. And three times the public of the city did not allow it. Live chains were organized around Alyosha, and the girls, as in a song, still gave him flowers.
      these are ordinary people
      In 1996, after another demolition attempt, the Supreme Court of Bulgaria decided that this sculpture, as a monument to the Second World War, could not be destroyed.
      and this is the authorities. What else is needed?
      So, in March 1917 (probably 2017), when the vandals scoffed at the monument, the Russian Foreign Ministry sent a note of protest demanding to investigate the incident, but in July someone dirty hands again got dirty. Unfortunately, such unconsciousness takes place not only in Bulgaria ...
      so it happens with us, scum everywhere. There is no need to draw general conclusions.
      1. Grandfather
        Grandfather 7 November 2017 07: 49
        0
        Quote: verner1967
        There is no need to draw general conclusions.

        are you so naive or not aware that Bulgaria is a member of NATO? In the event of war, they immediately (ordinary people and government, as you write) will be transferred to our side? Ha...
        1. verner1967
          verner1967 7 November 2017 08: 20
          14
          Quote: Dead Day
          In the event of war, they immediately (ordinary people and government, as you write) will be transferred to our side?

          I don’t know if there will be a war, but so far they have refused to shoot towards the targets painted in the Russian tricolor, and the Soviet soldiers were not shot at WWII. These are the facts, but you still have some thoughts. By the way, NATO also doubts about the Bulgarians in the event of a war with Russia
          1. pytar
            pytar 7 November 2017 11: 33
            17
            By the way, NATO also doubts about the Bulgarians in the event of a war with Russia

            They justifiably doubt it. In 2004 pulled Bulgaria into NATO, without a referendum, since according to opinion polls 76-82% of the population was against joining the North Atlantic Pact! Nowadays, the mood has not changed much, for which the NATO people consider Bulgaria the most “vulnerable” place in the union. Many Western politicians accuse the Bulgarians of being the “Trojan horse of Moscow”. Especially after Bulgaria categorically refused to participate in the NATO anti-Russian Black Sea flotilla two years ago. Bulgaria did not accept the American missile defense system on its territory and was stationed in Romania. In 2018, Bulgaria will be chaired by the EU and the Bulgarian president and prime minister announced that I will work on lifting sanctions from Russia! A month ago it came to a diplomatic scandal with Polsh, who categorically advocates continued sanctions! The Bulgarian authorities forced to reflect on the mood of the people, which according to all polls / 72-82% / sympathizes with Russia. American diplomats themselves have repeatedly stated that they "do not go much into Bulgaria, so as not to cause even stronger pro-Russian sentiments among the people."
          2. Dym71
            Dym71 7 November 2017 20: 41
            +3
            Quote: verner1967
            I don’t know if there will be a war, but so far they have refused to shoot towards the targets painted in the Russian tricolor, and the Soviet soldiers were not shot at WWII. These are the facts, but you still have some thoughts. By the way, NATO also doubts about the Bulgarians in the event of a war with Russia

            Well done Alex! good
        2. pytar
          pytar 7 November 2017 10: 57
          18
          Grandfather
          - are you so naive? or not aware that Bulgaria is a member of NATO? In the event of war, they immediately (ordinary people and government, as you write) will be transferred to our side? Ha...

          You are naive, sorry. There was a recent poll on the streets of Bulgarian cities - "In case of war, are you ready to shoot against the Russians?" None of the respondents answered with a yes. Most were even offended, because they calculated the question itself as a provocation! Many said that "... yes ... they will shoot, but not against the Russians, but against those who oppose Russia." During WWII, even Hitler did not manage to force the Bulgarians to go against the Russians. Tsar Boris told Hitler that if you send the Bulgarian troops to the East, they all at once and under the march of wind music, led by the commanders and from the regimental banners will go over to the Russians! In the end, Boris agreed to at least recruit volunteers. 72 people came from all over Bulgaria, half of them are gypsies. Realizing what was at stake, they all came and went home. laughing
      2. Olgovich
        Olgovich 7 November 2017 10: 42
        11
        In addition, more carefully preserved in Bulgaria 500 Russian monuments times of RI and the subsequent period.
        WHERE else is there? Nowhere!
        And Russian veterans of the war of 1878 were on the full state support of Bulgaria.
        The rhetorical is the question of the same security after October in Russia .....
        1. pytar
          pytar 7 November 2017 11: 14
          16
          About 530! OK. 400 in honor of Russia and 130 in honor of the USSR / Red Army. All of them are in excellent condition, as the Russian ambassadors thanked more than once. Moreover, not a single Soviet soldier was killed on the territory of Bulgaria during WWII. They walked like in a parade, where they met people with bread and salt. Over the past 20 years, another 10-12 new monument has been built in Bulgaria in honor of Russia and the Russians. 5 or 6 are in the design stages of the moment. The count of streets, squares, localities named in honor of Russia and Russian statesmen and personalities is not amenable to recount. They are thousands. Everything is in a country with a small territory, all located in a rectangle 500x400 km. Someone thought that in Bulgaria, the largest concentration of "Russian" monuments and names around the world. Against the background of hundreds of monuments destroyed by vandals in Russia itself or due to mismanagement of the authorities, this fact should be respected.
    2. medvedron
      medvedron 7 November 2017 09: 26
      +3
      And what about in Russia itself there are few frostbitten Nazis? Or your own, can they?
    3. faiver
      faiver 7 November 2017 09: 27
      13
      Well, then to the Bulgarians, that is, to the common people, they are clinging to? "Brothers" defended the monument, but what about Bulgaria in NATO, do you recall how in 90x our whole country waned the USSR and waited for the arrival of "sacred democracy" from the west? survived, digested, and these can possibly be digested, we must take into account that most of the small European states are not able to conduct an independent policy - they need a strong "big brother" ... hi
      1. BRONEVIK
        BRONEVIK 7 November 2017 10: 29
        25
        Keep
        Bulgarians just our monuments defended
        And it’s now we are discussing the issue of closing the Mausoleum
        So maybe desovetization is taking place not only in Ukraine, but also in our country?
      2. pytar
        pytar 7 November 2017 14: 29
        +8
        Here is a link where you can watch, 3D panorama from the Bunardzhika hill where the monument to Alyosha in Plovdiv is located. You can look at the 360 rada by moving the mouse over the image. On the site in front of the monument, various kinds of ceremonies are held. This is the favorite place of Bulgarian applicants, where every year they come to put flowers and take a picture of course. On the site "Alyosha", there is a panorama from the monument to Alexander II - Tsar the Liberator, as he is called in Bulgaria. The monument is located in close proximity to Alyosha. I hope the link opens outside the territory of Bulgaria.
        https://plovdivbg.info/objects/альоша-хълм
        Bunardzhika /
  2. XII Legion
    XII Legion 7 November 2017 07: 02
    22
    There is also Alyosha in Burgas

    The Bulgarians honor the memory of the liberators, well done
    Thank you!
    1. XII Legion
      XII Legion 7 November 2017 07: 05
      23
      Local residents did not allow to demolish Burgas Alyosha
      We were on duty near the monument
      At least that's what they said.
      And the attitude towards the Russians in Bulgaria is excellent
      1. Grandfather
        Grandfather 7 November 2017 07: 51
        0
        Quote: XII Legion
        And the attitude towards the Russians in Bulgaria is excellent

        yeah ... NATO-Russia: friendship forever! the average German, American, Frenchman, etc. ... also treats Russians very well, even the Turks, when they are paid at the resorts.
        1. XII Legion
          XII Legion 7 November 2017 08: 26
          19
          This is our failed 16th republic!
          The average Bulgarian has a good attitude to Russia as a country, and not just to Russians.
          Older and middle-aged people speak Russian.
          He talked with a former Bulgarian army colonel in Burgas a couple of years ago (a seller in a military antiques store) - and he said: "The times of the Union are the best in the history of Bulgaria."
          Considered the T-55 tank the best in the world laughing
          So this is also ours - the Russian world. NATO, not NATO, but Slavs anyway
          1. pytar
            pytar 7 November 2017 10: 23
            14
            The average Bulgarian has a good attitude to Russia as a country, and not just to Russians.

            I now have a friend from Russia in Bulgaria. He’s staying with us for the first time. Yesterday stated: "I’ve been going to Bulgaria for the second week, but I don’t have the feeling that I’m in a foreign country! People are smiling, everyone is switching to Russian as soon as they understand that I am Russian! Ask something, people are going to gather around you with a desire to help! the Cyrillic alphabet and everything written is understandable. An impression, as it were, in Russia! Only this is such a small, warm and comfortable "Russia"! It seems to me that the Bulgarians treat Russians better than we Russians treat each other! " I quote literally his words.
    2. pytar
      pytar 7 November 2017 10: 11
      12
      Yes! Little known fact in the Russian Federation! There are 2 Alyosha in Bulgaria! Plovdiv and Burgas! good
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 7 November 2017 07: 40
    +2
    Unfortunately, such unconsciousness takes place not only in Bulgaria ...
    ...Unfortunately...
  4. Eurodav
    Eurodav 7 November 2017 11: 26
    11
    Quote: Dead Day
    Quote: XII Legion
    And the attitude towards the Russians in Bulgaria is excellent

    yeah ... NATO-Russia: friendship forever! the average German, American, Frenchman, etc. ... also treats Russians very well, even the Turks, when they are paid at the resorts.

    Grandfather, would you go to the grandmother? The bile from you is rushing, do not stop people from being proud of their countries! You and the holiday is able to spoil all the raspberries!
  5. free
    free 7 November 2017 12: 14
    +5
    I know this song, my father often sang it to my little one.
  6. Rey_ka
    Rey_ka 7 November 2017 12: 45
    +1
    Each generation must pass a test of selflessness and this is not only in Russia. Due to the merits of parents and grandfathers, one cannot enter paradise! so our Test is yet to come. Who is ready?
  7. Pasha
    Pasha 7 November 2017 13: 35
    0
    a lesson for many generations.
    Do not forgive, encroached on your homeland.
    once forgiven, now they themselves have made the guilty.
    let the "little brothers" live, soon their big patron will show his gut!
  8. Some kind of compote
    Some kind of compote 7 November 2017 16: 40
    16
    Stands over Alyosha Mountain

    Creeps up a song
    Let it be 1000 years
    Fine
  9. beeper
    beeper 7 November 2017 20: 50
    +5
    He was in Bulgaria, crossed it from edge to edge, on a union ticket in the Soviet era, even under Todor Zhivkov. I really liked the country and people — especially the old people in the villages “Kindly come, Russians!” Met especially sincerely and cordially, they immediately spontaneously organized friendly meetings — many Bulgarians then spoke Russian. In Sofia, on the street, I asked the guy how to get to the bookstore, and he answered me in beautiful Russian, it turned out he had a Russian mother, married a Bulgarian, and there were many such cases of twinning, so the Bulgarians and I are related peoples winked , 100 years ago, during the time of the Russian Empire, whole Bulgarian settlements existed in my native lands ...
    Amazed by the presence of monuments to Tsar Alexander II (the most beautiful and majestic, right in the center of the Bulgarian capital, on the square near the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral) and the Russian soldiers-liberators of the 1878 war, especially on Shipka, they are also on the Plovdiv hill Bunardzhik, at the same staircase leading to Alyosha-in the Soviet Union, such monuments to Tsar Alexander II, I did not see then ...
    The national economy of socialist Bulgaria flourished under the CMEA conditions (this was largely facilitated by the cheap electricity of the Kozloduy nuclear power plant built with the help of the USSR ... closed at the request of the "European integrators" ...), which cannot be said about the current "democratized" Bulgaria-in “EU conditions”, this warm and affectionate country is turning into a depressive region with a poor population and has long been gone (and, with, everything and everything destroying, “quoting”, “the European Union” will never be) in our stores a marvelously tasty Bulgarian leche .. Alas, is it only she alone, from the postsocialist ones, in and around United Europe.
    The percentage of Bulgarians who fought against the Soviet Union is negligible ... Soviet submarines sunk off the Bulgarian coast are a dumb reproach to the pro-fascist collaboration of the Bulgarian authorities during the Hitlerite "pan-European" "new order" ... the pro-Washington collaboration of the "new time", corrected (like with the Kozloduy NPP closed) the interests of the Bulgarian population, "again" went sideways, now past the "south-stream" ...
    It is a pity that now the monuments to Soviet soldiers-liberators have become the subject of political speculation and attacks from the side of puppet Fuhrer destructive radical-marginal groups in almost the entire post-Soviet space and in this regard the fate of such a symbolic symbol as the over-Plovdiv "Alyosha" does not seem to me rosy ... Probably the "general people" will soon deal with him (although, perhaps, "about the human eye," at first they will "close-dismantle for repair after acts of vandalism" ....)?
    All my brother-brothers Bulgarians, my fiery greetings, I always remember Sunny Bulgaria and its Friendly People!