Military Review

Alexey Stakhanov. Hero and symbol of the Soviet era

57
5 November 1977 of the year, forty years ago, died a man whose name became a symbol of the labor exploits of the Soviet era. Only then, in the perestroika period and in post-Soviet Russia, narrow-minded people joked about him and his followers, but the country was indebted for such heroes to the rapid industrialization, the construction of new cities, and the development of the economy.


Alexey Grigorievich Stakhanov lived a life not so small for a simple working person - 71 year. He was born on December 21 1905 (January 3 1906 on a new style), at the height of the events of the First Russian Revolution, in the village of Lugovaya, Livny district, Oryol province. An ordinary simple family, a simple guy ... Young Alex was lucky enough to survive the Civil War, the hungry years. What did he not have to do to earn a living — Alyosha worked as a shepherd boy, a caretaker for wealthy neighbors. At school he managed to study only three classes.

It was in search of a better life that Alexey Stakhanov went to the Donbass. He came to the Tsentralnaya-Irmino mine, in a locality called the Irminsky mine (now the city of Irmino). At first, they did not want to take the village boy to the mine, especially there were no vacancies, but countrymen shoved - people from everywhere worked in the mine, and Orlovschina was no exception. Stakhanov took the brake. It was not requiring special qualifications, but requiring work, skill and strength. The brakes had to ensure that the coal trolleys that were being dragged along the rails did not roll back. Alexey, the benefit of the guy was savvy and strong, he coped well with this work and soon he was made a konogon. He ruled the horses that dragged coal trolleys. Having passed such a kind of internship, he finally got a long-awaited jackhammer in his hands and became a miner - the hardest, but also responsible, well-paid job. So Alex began to cut coal seams.

Alexey Stakhanov. Hero and symbol of the Soviet era


The physically strong guy was given a job easily, rather quickly, he became one of the best miners, and in 1935, being a 29-year-old young miner, he graduated from the miners courses at the same mine. With eight years of experience at the mine, by the summer of 1935, Stakhanov had repeatedly thought about how to increase productivity. He proposed - let one miner cut coal, the lodgers strengthen the shaft of the mine, and horsemen take the coal. The division of labor, according to Stakhanov, would help each shift to produce 70-80 tons of coal.

At that time, increasing productivity in any enterprises was a major concern. Therefore, the party organizer of the mine Konstantin Petrov immediately became interested in the initiative of Stakhanov. He, too, wanted very much to increase labor productivity at the mine, knowing full well that his own career depended on it. What happened next - the whole country knows. It was decided to put the experiment on the night of 30 on 31 August 1935. Why did you choose this date? On September 1, International Youth Day was celebrated, and the party committee of the mine wanted to coincide with an unprecedented experiment. Konstantin Petrov, the Stakhanov Commissar, filed an appropriate request with the town party committee in Kadievka. They gave the go-ahead.

In 22 hours, the miner Alexei Stakhanov, Gavrila Schigolev and Tikhon Borisenko, the site chief Nikolay Mashurov, the party organizer Konstantin Petrov and the editor of the newspaper Mikhailov descended into the mine. Petrov and Mashurov spotted the start of work. Stakhanov with a jackhammer moved forward - chopping coal seams. Schigolev and Borisenko strengthened the arch, gradually lagging behind the pace of Stakhanov. Although the miner had to cut eight ledges, Stakhanov brilliantly coped with the task. The work was done in 5 hours 45 minutes. Having calculated the result, the head of the site and the party organizer were shocked - Stakhanov chopped up 102 tons of coal, following the 14 standards. In less than six hours of work, he managed to earn 220 rubles.

After the impressive success of Stakhanov and the report of the party organizer to the top, he decided to use his method in other mines. As for Stakhanov, on August 31 in 6 hours of the morning, after the completion of the work process, the plenum of the party committee of the Tsentralnaya-Irmino mine decided to put the name of Stakhanov on the Hall of Fame. It was decided to allocate a hero to the slave-keeper to allocate a new apartment, to grant a subscription to the theater - for cultural development. Instantly an unknown working guy from the Lugansk mine turned into a national hero about whom the whole Soviet country spoke.



Meanwhile, the tireless Alexey continued to set records. When 4 of September 1935 of the year was another miner Miron Dyukanov chopped up tons of coal for a shift of 115, Stakhanov took a new value - September of 19 he chopped up of 227 tons of coal for a shift. Naturally, such successes could not go unnoticed by the country's top leadership. Stakhanov became a symbol, a hero of Soviet industrialization. In his honor, the whole movement of the drummers, which they began to call Stakhanovites, was called. Now Stakhanovites appeared not only in the mines, but also in any enterprises, in agriculture. The heroic miner flaunted on propaganda posters calling on Soviet workers and collective farmers to set labor records and follow the example of Alexei Stakhanov.

Stakhanov predicted a great future. At that time, such people were valued, and Stakhanov was a young guy who became famous throughout the country. Joseph Vissarionovich himself did not hide his location to Stakhanov. Apparently, he had his own views on the Lugansk miner - Stalin wanted Stakhanov, of course, after receiving appropriate training, to make a career in the coal industry and even become a people's commissar. In 1936, the miner Stakhanov was sent to Moscow to study at the Industrial Academy. Meanwhile, large-scale events also took place at the Tsentralnaya-Irmino mine. The director of the mine, Iosif Ivanovich Zaplavsky, was dismissed and later arrested on charges of countering the Stakhanov records. Zaplavsky was replaced by the party organizer Konstantin Petrov, who, by the way, was two years younger than Stakhanov himself. In 1936, the mine of Irmin received the status of the city of Irmino - also in honor of the Stakhanov record.

Alexei Stakhanov himself in Moscow, as they say, “has gone into all hell.” A simple working guy's attention all over the country, Stalin's flattering assessments turned his head. Instead of painstaking study at the Industrial Academy, Stakhanov preferred to meet with admirers, began to attach to the bottle. There is a version that Stalin himself had to make a suggestion to a heroic miner. The leader of the peoples reacted to Stakhanov paternally - a young matter, he understood the working guy with his "dizzy with success." But certain conclusions about Stakhanov were nevertheless made. Alexei Grigorievich failed to make a serious career.



After graduating from the Industrial Academy in 1941, Stakhanov was dispatched to Karaganda by the head of the mine. The heroic miner did not get to the front - they decided to save the symbol of the Soviet coal industry from such a risk. In Karaganda, however, Stakhanov also did not work long, until 1942. Then he was transferred by the head of the socialist competition sector to the People's Commissariat of the Coal Industry in Moscow. Position not too responsible, rather - honorable. On it, Stakhanov quietly worked until the 1957 year. Although myths are widespread that by this time Stakhanov almost completely drank themselves, it is hardly worth believing them. Who would, in Stalin's time, keep the gay alcoholic in the People's Commissariat? However, in the 1957 year, after the death of Stalin, Stakhanov was removed from the Ministry of Coal Industry - sent to the Donbass. It is said that Nikita Khrushchev himself, who was very cool towards Stakhanov, was behind this — he disliked the Stalinist hero, and envied him as a miner.
There are many legends about why Stakhanov under Khrushchev was sent to the Donbass. One by one, he was rude to Nikita Sergeevich, answering the General Secretary to the words “I am like a miner” - “What kind of ... are you a miner!” On the other hand, when the leader of the French Communists, Maurice Thorez, was going to the Soviet Union, he wanted to meet with Stakhanov and Khrushchev said: Stakhanov in the Donbas. And then he sent Alexey Grigorievich there - to meet a French comrade. But the hero, the miner, was never called back.

Lived Stakhanov after 1957 year in the city of Torez. It was here that the heroic miner's life was rolling down the slope. "Link" from Moscow, Stakhanov was suffering painfully. Of course, he understood that his fame was already in the past and he was no longer destined to make some large-scale career. Added to this and family problems - leaving his wife with children. Alexey Grigorievich really began to drink frequently. Moreover, the Soviet country somehow forgot about the heroic work of the Lugansk miner. At least, Stakhanov, whose age was already approaching retirement, did not even receive the title of Hero of Socialist Labor.

The situation changed only at the end of 1960's. Khrushchev was replaced by Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, who belonged to the symbolic component of the Soviet ideology very reverently. In the Brezhnev era, the country needed symbols more than ever. It was decided to return to the heroes of a glorious revolutionary, military and labor past. They also remembered about Alexey Grigorievich Stakhanov.

Journalists went to Torez. Meeting with the legendary Stakhanov Moscow guests were amazed. The famous miner, and now the pensioner was a sick alcoholic, was in a deplorable state. The legend was reported on the radio. Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was amazed that Alexey Stakhanov, whom he had heard about as an outstanding drummer as a young man, still does not have the title of Hero of Labor. Brezhnev ordered - to find Stakhanov, to bring to Moscow. Alexey Grigorievich was urgently sent for treatment to a sanatorium, put in order. Then brought to the capital.

In 1970, the year Alexei Grigorievich Stakhanov through 35 years after his feat was given the well-deserved high title of Hero of Socialist Labor. The old man returned to former glory. They began to transport Alexey Stakhanov around the cities of the Soviet Union, they organized meetings with labor collectives, with young people. After the meetings, inevitably followed feasts with local party officials. Alexey Grigorievich began drinking again, but not in solitude and from melancholy as before.

In the end, everything ended very badly. Stakhanov was in a psychiatric hospital in Torez. No, according to his daughter Violetta, he did not go mad, but simply started having problems with the vessels of the brain. In the hospital, Aleksey Grigorievich was given a separate ward, tried to support as best they could. But still a misfortune happened. Sociable Stakhanov did not like to sit alone in his ward and strove to go to the common - to communicate with other patients. In one of these trips, he slipped on the apple peel and, falling, hit his temple on the corner of the table. A few hours later, Alexey Grigorievich Stakhanov was gone. He died November 5 1977 of the year.

Already 15 February 1978, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR decided to rename the city of Kadievka, in which Stakhanov set his famous record (Irmino was part of the city agglomeration of Kadievka), in the city of Stakhanov. The name of Alexei Grigorievich was given to the streets, settlements, 26 scholarships were established named after Stakhanov for the best students of vocational schools.

The life of Stakhanov is heroism and tragedy at the same time. He testifies to how unfair sometimes the fate of uncommon people happens. But, nevertheless, Stakhanov made his enormous contribution not only and not so much to the development of the coal industry, as to the psychology of the Soviet people of the Stalin era. His example motivated millions of other Soviet citizens to labor exploits, and the surname Stakhanov became common and lived separately from its carrier.

In the post-Soviet years, the “yellow press” tried to blacken the look of Stakhanov in the same way as the look of other iconic figures of the Soviet era. They preferred to talk not so much about the exploits of a miner and not even about the life tragedy, but about the allegedly immoral way of life of Stakhanov, that he was constantly drinking (and this was the case with living post-Soviet leaders who were drunk in aircraft and "conducted" by orchestras), his wife was “too young,” and so on. Fortunately, time put everything in its place. Today, a respectful attitude to the people who created the Soviet era, built factories, cut coal, and fulfilled fourteen standards in five hours, wakes up in the country. Among them, a worthy place is occupied by Alexey Grigorievich Stakhanov.
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  1. Mar.Tirah
    Mar.Tirah 5 November 2017 08: 05 New
    +9
    Our system did a lot of heroes like that, both in the forestry sector, in animal husbandry, and in industry. I remember reading the miners' stories from his mine. So, after that, a whole team was allocated for a showy result. And people instead of giving they were forced to service it, export coal, and write the result on it. Of course, it’s good that people were shown an example, but justice should come first.
    1. ImPerts
      ImPerts 5 November 2017 08: 55 New
      +9
      Quote: Mar. Tira
      Our system did a lot of such heroes.

      It wouldn’t hurt now.
      Quote: Mar. Tira
      So behind him, a whole team was allocated for the ostentatious result.

      Normal production process.
      Quote: Mar. Tira
      And people, instead of giving output, and thereby earning money, were forced to serve it.

      They earned the whole brigade and was divided into the whole brigade. But there have always been offended. After all, besides money, the first one got fame. So it was in the war. The commander of the guns, tank crew, aircraft crew always fell more.
      Quote: Mar. Tira
      Of course, it’s good that people were shown an example, but justice should still come first.

      This was justice wink
      Quote: zxc15682
      These comrades do not allow to work normally.

      Is it stress free?
      Quote: zxc15682
      Faster

      Quote: zxc15682
      Will they pay me?

      Stakhanov just did not pursue this, in the mines they always made good money ...
      “... Memoirs of veterans and contemporaries generally confirm the words of the head of the State Planning Commission. Thus, planer Yakov Roitman worked at the Odessa Lenin plant in the“ closed ”workshop from 1936 for a year, which carried out defense orders, and said that he received 720 rubles a month. According to him, this “amount seemed huge.” Pyotr Butov, after studying at the mining school, worked in mine No. 15-16 in Gukovo, as a mechanic for the electric car of trolleys. In 1939, he earned about 1 thousand rubles a month. what "lunch in our mining canteen cost 30 cents". Fedor Titov graduated from the school in the 1936 year, having received the specialty of a steam-engine fitter of the 3 category. From the 3-th category to the beginning of the war, it grew to the 6-th, earned about 500 rubles a month, how much then the best suit to order cost ... "
      Z.Y. How much does it cost to sew the best suit to order ??? hi
      1. verner1967
        verner1967 5 November 2017 10: 14 New
        +6
        Quote: ImPerts
        Normal production process.

        team for every miner? No, the brigade was allocated only for "Stakhanov", the rest themselves had to "plow"
        Quote: ImPerts
        They earned the whole brigade and was divided into the whole brigade.

        according to the position held, the porter received less than the slaughterer, and after all, he was re-trained from the porter as a porter for servicing the "champion" so you are wrong.
        Quote: ImPerts
        This was justice

        in what? Which one makes a hero, and the other increase the norm?
        Quote: ImPerts
        Stakhanov just did not pursue this, in the mines they always made good money ...

        everyone wants to get more and Stakhanov was also not an altruist, but everything is relative. Some brigades get a lot, some get a little, and the work is single. It’s just that for one “Stakhanovites” the stratum is fatter, and the equipment is newer, and the service is better and without interruption, for the others - breathing technique is incense, the air with interruptions and the stratum is poor, but the rocks need to be dumped no less. So it turns out that for one and the same work everything is one and the other a penny. And right Mar.Tirah, we also had two such "Stakhanovites", a team worked for one, a workshop for the other, such peculiar "icons", but people in the city knew everything very well, you couldn't hide the sewing in a bag.
        1. ImPerts
          ImPerts 5 November 2017 10: 54 New
          +4
          I will not repeat about salaries and what it was enough for. For reference, approximately 4 thousand television sets were released before the war. That is, in principle, the mechanic of an electric locomotive of trolleys, with a salary of 1.000 rubles, at the cost of lunch in 30 cop., Could buy a TV.
          And yes, Stakhanovites received up to 8.000 rubles, more than the directors of mines, factories, etc. And more than the people's commissars in the government.
          Now extrapolate this situation to the present.
          I can’t sew a costume for 600.000 rubles on my salary.
          1. verner1967
            verner1967 5 November 2017 15: 28 New
            +1
            Quote: ImPerts
            I will not repeat about salaries and what it was enough for.

            and we did not discuss what was enough for salaries
            Quote: ImPerts
            I can’t sew a costume for 600.000 rubles on my salary.

            what is this for?
            Quote: ImPerts
            And yes, the Stakhanovites received up to 8.000 rubles, more than the directors of mines, factories, etc.

            why did they live in shacks? I found in the 70s the remains of such housing.
            Quote: ImPerts
            in principle, the mechanic of an electric locomotive of trolleys, with a salary of 1.000 rubles, at a lunch cost of 30 kopecks, could buy a TV.

            and put on it a flower pot and a rug with a cat, TV was broadcast only in Moscow, well, maybe even in St. Petersburg. And I can afford to buy a TV from my retirement and not one, but if one, then one that the miner did not even dream of, so what?
            1. ImPerts
              ImPerts 6 November 2017 17: 26 New
              0
              Quote: verner1967
              And I can afford to buy a TV from my retirement and not one, but if one, then one that the miner did not even dream of, so what?

              Tin!
              The miner at that time dreamed of a television ..........................
              1. verner1967
                verner1967 6 November 2017 19: 34 New
                0
                Quote: ImPerts
                The miner at that time dreamed of a television ..........................

                Quote: ImPerts
                a mechanic of an electric locomotive of trolleys, with a salary of 1.000 rubles, with a lunch cost of 30 kopecks, could buy a TV.

                in truth
                Quote: ImPerts
                Tin!
                1. ImPerts
                  ImPerts 7 November 2017 19: 15 New
                  +1
                  Could - this does not mean dreaming.
                  1. verner1967
                    verner1967 7 November 2017 19: 55 New
                    0
                    Quote: ImPerts
                    Could - this does not mean dreaming.

                    in that case he could, it doesn’t mean he had. A man can do anything if he doesn’t break.
                    1. ImPerts
                      ImPerts 8 November 2017 18: 57 New
                      0
                      Just the opposite. I can buy - this does not mean dreaming about it. When there is a conversation from the perspective that you propose, then the conversation is about ordinary thingism, which at that time was not welcomed and not encouraged. People dreamed of something else.
                      And regarding everything that is written ...
                      No one bothered others to propose the creation of a specialized brigade. Distribute work in this team and give the result to the mountain. Moreover, Stakhanov gave out 100 with more than tons, the next Stakhanovites already issued 300 and 400 tons due to further optimization of the process. The norm was 18 tons. And also scientifically based. But probably these norms were calculated before the revolution. And it is not necessary that everyone give out 100 tons, enough 50, which sharply increases coal production, by about 300%.
                      It’s like the post of Russia, which, due to optimization and improvement of logistics, will deliver letters and parcels three times faster.
                      Therefore:
                      Quote: verner1967
                      team for every miner? No, the brigade was allocated only for "Stakhanov", the rest themselves had to "plow"

                      When it was shown that this was possible, the scheme and organization were changed.
                      Quote: verner1967
                      according to the position held, the porter received less than the slaughterer, and after all, he was re-trained from the porter as a porter for servicing the "champion" so you are wrong.

                      If the mechanic of the trolleys received 1000 rubles, the fastener received even more. Everyone had enough for lunch, dinner, breakfast and a gramophone.
                      Well, the rest ...
                      I brought you the level of salaries. Give me an example where a miner or some other worker at the mine was barely making ends meet.
      2. Proxima
        Proxima 5 November 2017 11: 31 New
        +6
        Quote: ImPerts
        So it was in the war. The commander of the guns, tank crew, aircraft crew always fell more.

        Naturally. Take at least the feat of Gastello. The decision on a fire ram was made by the whole crew. And who remembers them? It seems to me that this is not fair. Mail for the honor to remind forum users their names. This is Lieutenant A. A. Burdenyuk, Lieutenant G. N. Skorobogaty and the very young "simple soldier" gunner-radio operator Senior Sergeant Aleksey Kalinin, who is shown in the photo. Heroes need to know in person!
    2. Finches
      Finches 5 November 2017 09: 25 New
      10
      I was just thinking - no matter how these feats would be organized, but here's the bad thing - Labor feat! The man of labor! A good educational component for the younger generation ... Do your own hand, do your own head, and respect and respect will be your work for you! No! Better are the heroes of the 90s, the strikers of capitalist labor from Leningradka and the bandits from the Brigade ... Better Stakhanov, it seems to me!
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. kalibr
        kalibr 5 November 2017 10: 30 New
        +2
        The holy is not built on lies!
        1. Finches
          Finches 5 November 2017 10: 33 New
          +8
          The man worked himself, but did not sit in the office! So this is not a lie, but just a silence on the details, but this is already from the field of philosophy, and I’m talking about the practical side!
        2. Proxima
          Proxima 5 November 2017 12: 21 New
          +9
          Quote: kalibr
          The holy is not built on lies!

          Dear "true lover"! Have you ever held a jackhammer in your hands? It seems to me that no. Go down into the face and work as a chipper for at least ten minutes. Believe me, these 10 minutes will seem like an eternity to you. Then you will understand that such people Alexey Grigoryevich need to bow at the feet.
          1. Curious
            Curious 5 November 2017 14: 47 New
            +6
            With tongue removed! I went down to the Guards mine in Krivoy Rog to a depth of about 1 km. Then a month he did not sleep without cognac for the night. So this is the 80s. And I was not in the face! And worked
            but not at all in the church choir, I’ve seen something. And in the 30s, when the tree was slaughtered! And the miners go down there every day.
            And Stakhanov, and Nikita Izotov, and Pasha Angelina, and other "lighthouses" did not show off at all, but worked in the sweat of their faces.
            But the cabinet "sitters" parasitizing on this, brought everything to the point of absurdity. Like in the army. The commander says - do as I do. And the political officer - do as I say. So about ... and the country.
            1. Proxima
              Proxima 5 November 2017 15: 53 New
              +6
              Quote: Curious
              With tongue removed! I went down to the Guards mine in Krivoy Rog to a depth of about 1 km. Then a month he did not sleep without cognac for the night. So this is the 80s ..

              My father is a miner. In the city of Torez in 1958, they met my mother. Lived in material terms, of course, very well. The work of the miner was then appreciated. True, there were explosions, landslides. Father went through everything alive and relatively healthy. Alexei Grigoryevich, as a communist and production leader (and we lived in the same city), my father knew personally. As a miner, he admired his labor feat, because with his own hands he could feel what Stakhanov survived, making his records.
              Only people from mining families can understand me. The miners have their own psychology, their own mentality. Father, going into the slaughter mentally said goodbye to us, because you yourself know ... But we were lucky. The worst thing is when he was filled up and he spent a month in the hospital. It is worth recalling how sick leave was then paid? - double earnings, plus a series of free sanatorium vouchers.
              I’m talking about everything. Then the MAN OF LABOR, the MAN CREATOR was very much held in esteem, and not a parasite, a bandit or some absolutely useless office manager. What's bad about it? And why is it now customary for people like Stakhanov to pour mud?
              1. Curious
                Curious 5 November 2017 16: 00 New
                +2
                The father of a childhood friend was a miner. But after he spent three days under the rubble in the face, he could no longer lower it into the mine.
              2. mat-vey
                mat-vey 7 November 2017 16: 35 New
                0
                Stakhanov was actually a "skidding bull" - strong and hardy, much higher than average so that his health allowed him to perform feats and the character is the same ....
          2. verner1967
            verner1967 5 November 2017 15: 37 New
            +2
            Quote: Proxima
            Then you will understand that such people Alexey Grigoryevich need to bow at the feet.

            Quote: Curious
            With tongue removed! I went down to the Guards mine in Krivoy Rog to a depth of about 1 km.

            and nobody pours dirt on him, the question of our ideologists and the common people to whom these ideologists have pitted brains. Because of these exaggerated records for one person, all the rest had to be writhing not only with jackhammers, but also with jacks, in order to earn money for bread at new prices.
            Quote: Curious
            But the cabinet "sitters" parasitizing on this, brought everything to the point of absurdity.

            that's who it is. And the director of the mine, who was put "on charges of countering Stakhanov’s records", perfectly understood the price of this record, but ideology is above all.
          3. kalibr
            kalibr 5 November 2017 21: 33 New
            +2
            Did he himself propagandize his achievements and then lower the production standards for the workers? This is what it is about ... Is it not clear?
    3. ImPerts
      ImPerts 5 November 2017 10: 18 New
      +2
      Quote: ImPerts
      Z.Y. How much does it cost to sew the best suit to order ???

      Found something like this:
    4. San Sanych
      San Sanych 5 November 2017 11: 51 New
      11
      Quote: Mar. Tira
      Our system did a lot of heroes like that, both in the forestry sector, in animal husbandry, and in industry. I remember reading the miners' stories from his mine. So, after that, a whole team was allocated for a showy result. And people instead of giving they were forced to service it, export coal, and write the result on it. Of course, it’s good that people were shown an example, but justice should come first.

      Be that as it may, the country benefited much more from Stakhanov than from such "heroes" of labor, like Ksyusha Sobchak, or Maxim Galkin, and so on on the list
      1. mat-vey
        mat-vey 7 November 2017 16: 36 New
        0
        Gref is the same workaholic ...
        1. San Sanych
          San Sanych 7 November 2017 16: 47 New
          0
          Well, Sisyphus was also a workaholic laughing , but from this no one is cold it’s hot, nor from the activity of the gref
          1. mat-vey
            mat-vey 7 November 2017 16: 51 New
            0
            From the activities of the gref it is just cold and hot and hungry ...
            1. San Sanych
              San Sanych 7 November 2017 17: 02 New
              +1
              change the letter e in the surname of the gref to the letter and, and in the surname of nabiulina swap the letter b with the letter and, it will turn out very interesting bully
  2. zxc15682
    zxc15682 5 November 2017 08: 07 New
    +3
    These comrades do not allow to work normally. am
    1. zxc15682
      zxc15682 5 November 2017 08: 11 New
      +2
      Faster, faster, where faster? Why faster? Will they pay me? ..... laughing
  3. kalibr
    kalibr 5 November 2017 08: 20 New
    +1
    This material can serve as a good complement to this article ...
    https://topwar.ru/110667-trend-naivysshaya-proizv
    oditelnost-truda.html
    1. faiver
      faiver 5 November 2017 14: 17 New
      +2
      you will not praise yourself - no one will praise? need to be more modest ....
      1. kalibr
        kalibr 5 November 2017 21: 35 New
        0
        First, you should say “thank you” for giving you the opportunity to easily get additional information on the topic. Then blame ... And the answer is: modesty as underwear. It is necessary to have, but do not show everyone. Clear?
        1. faiver
          faiver 6 November 2017 05: 29 New
          0
          Thank you, really everything is very well chewed hi
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 5 November 2017 08: 33 New
    +2
    He could not bear the burden of glory ...
  5. Amurets
    Amurets 5 November 2017 10: 16 New
    +6
    Stakhanov with a jackhammer moved forward - to cut coal seams. Schigolev and Borisenko strengthened the arch, gradually lagging behind Stakhanov, who was gaining pace. Although the slayer had to cut eight ledges,

    The division of labor has been applied. Before Stakhanov, the slaughterer, in addition to the main work, was also a fastener and carried out a number of auxiliary works. Stakhanov shared these functions within the brigade. And what is it to work with a jackhammer? Here is the opinion of an outsider. B.F.Danilov. "Life is a search." He then worked at the Pnevmatika factory, which produced jackhammers and cutting machines: "I decided to see how they work with a jackhammer. I went to the assembly shop on a test bench and asked to be given a try to work with a jackhammer. Of course, the hammers were still far from the ones that are being produced now. ”A terrible roar stood on the stand: they tested immediately up to 40 hammers.
    They gave me a new jackhammer and showed me how to turn it on. I worked with it for no more than one minute, and after that, probably for half an hour, I was shaking like in a fever. The thought involuntarily came: what strength and will one must have to work with this hellish machine for seven hours and chop 200 tons of coal instead of 18 at the norm! I imagined Stakhanov to be some kind of fabulous hero, like Ilya Muromets. "
    1. The comment was deleted.
  6. Mar.Tirah
    Mar.Tirah 5 November 2017 10: 27 New
    +4
    Quote: Finches
    I was just thinking - no matter how these feats would be organized, but here's the bad thing - Labor feat! The man of labor! A good educational component for the younger generation ... Do your own hand, do your own head, and respect and respect will be your work for you! No! Better are the heroes of the 90s, the strikers of capitalist labor from Leningradka and the bandits from the Brigade ... Better Stakhanov, it seems to me!

    Again, from edge to edge! If you don’t want one, get another .. Or maybe you don’t need to show off for feats? Why not regret the revealed deception then. As a rule, these feats are performed by quiet and invisible people.
    1. Finches
      Finches 5 November 2017 10: 36 New
      +7
      Come on! Then it was necessary - look, not from the window of 2017, but through the eyes of a man of the 30s, when it was necessary to raise the prestige of a man of labor, replacing the memories of a man-huckster! It was a state policy - and you all dig in dirty linen: with whom you slept, how much you drank ... You need to look deeper into the question! In the late 80s and early 90s there was a reverse substitution of concepts and now, gradually and very slowly, something starts to return to normal - hence the restoration of the title - Hero of Labor, etc. And then it had to be done simultaneously!
      1. verner1967
        verner1967 5 November 2017 15: 46 New
        +1
        Quote: Finches
        when it was necessary to raise the prestige of the man of labor,

        well, they would have raised the assessment of a person for his activity as yet earned money and nothing you will not replace them. Of course, moral incentives are not bad, but they should not replace wages. Do you think the people broke into "brothers" and forgive in the 90s from what? Is the profession good? No, hopelessness. And there is no work, and is evaluated accordingly. Why wasn’t it possible to break into the institute of Soviet trade in the 70s, and did they recruit all in a row at a polytechnic institute? Again, a material assessment of labor, and where the state did not evaluate, a person "evaluated" himself.
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. kush62
    kush62 5 November 2017 10: 30 New
    +3
    kush62 Today, 10:29 am New
    Zyablitsov Today, 09: 25 ↑ New
    I was just thinking - no matter how these feats would be organized, but here's the bad thing - Labor feat! The man of labor! A good educational component for the younger generation ... Do your own hand, do your own head, and respect and respect will be your work for you! No! Better are the heroes of the 90s, the strikers of capitalist labor from Leningradka and the bandits from the Brigade ... Better Stakhanov, it seems to me!
    The bad thing about this is what others see. how are the "heroes" of labor. At the Krasnoyarsk Tire Plant, the heroine of the car-shop was made, she produced 60 Zhiguli car chambers from the machine in an hour (10 minutes). And the virtuoso technology of loading, cooking and unloading a car camera takes 7 minutes. The camera itself is cooked for 6 minutes using technology. Those. for the manufacture of 10 cameras, a minimum of 70 minutes is needed. Facial fraud or violation of technology. I worked as a Kipovite at that time and served the automation of machines in the workshops. So in this case I do not agree with you. And the real honor and glory to the workers must be obligatory.
    1. verner1967
      verner1967 5 November 2017 15: 48 New
      +1
      Quote: kush62
      Facial fraud or violation of technology.

      in-in, it's like a five-year plan in four years. The real labor exploits blabbed with loud words.
  9. thinker
    thinker 5 November 2017 10: 48 New
    +3
    An article about Stakhanov, and without such a beautiful monument in the city of Stakhanov

    He was buried in the city of Torez, Donetsk region.
  10. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 5 November 2017 11: 11 New
    +3
    At one time, in the magazine “Behind the Wheel” there was an article on the distribution of personal cars in 30-40 years between significant people of the country of councils. So Stakhanov entered the auto history as one of the “champions” - he begged for his personal car four (!) Times!
  11. Mar.Tirah
    Mar.Tirah 5 November 2017 12: 19 New
    +2
    Quote: Finches
    Come on! Then it was necessary - look, not from the window of 2017, but through the eyes of a man of the 30s, when it was necessary to raise the prestige of a man of labor, replacing the memories of a man-huckster! It was a state policy - and you all dig in dirty linen: with whom you slept, how much you drank ... You need to look deeper into the question! In the late 80s and early 90s there was a reverse substitution of concepts and now, gradually and very slowly, something starts to return to normal - hence the restoration of the title - Hero of Labor, etc. And then it had to be done simultaneously!

    I remember a friend of the heroine, the drummer of the Communist Labor, the order bearer, the delegate of party conferences, who first burned the party card when Yeltsin began to defame the CPSU, but she was kindly treated by the authorities, and was not much younger than Stakhanov? When did the substitution happen? worked for their well-being. and fame. Here's the laundry for you! Of course, this will work for the young, thoughtless generation. And then what?
  12. AKC
    AKC 5 November 2017 13: 42 New
    +5
    nine women cannot give birth in one month! So the Stakhanov record is the trick of counting the output!
    If you look, then such work is an assault, and comes from the fact that instead of a measured planned work, the method of breaking the task is used! This method allows you to correct the statistics in order to write in the textbooks and newspapers what heroes of labor we are. show in statistics how much milk yield, engine production, etc., and in fact, despite all the Stakhanov records and movements that proved to the ordinary Soviet person the advantages of the Soviet system to buy products. and products and technologies abroad, from a backward west that did not have Stakhanov movement!
    1. faiver
      faiver 5 November 2017 14: 21 New
      +3
      where does the storming? said the normal division of labor was applied and it gave a good result ...
      1. verner1967
        verner1967 5 November 2017 15: 49 New
        +1
        Quote: faiver
        it was said

        on the fence, too, a lot of things are written ....
        1. faiver
          faiver 5 November 2017 15: 52 New
          +5
          Well, judging by your comments, you are only on the fence and reading ... laughing
          1. verner1967
            verner1967 5 November 2017 16: 04 New
            +1
            Quote: faiver
            you are only on the fence and reading ..

            no, fences are for gullible people like you ... as they said, they are, but there’s no way to think.
            1. faiver
              faiver 5 November 2017 16: 29 New
              +3
              Well, yes, the Bolshevik conspiracy against the common people, otherwise nothing, bloody Stalin with a show, would you go through the woods hi
              1. verner1967
                verner1967 5 November 2017 20: 37 New
                0
                Quote: faiver
                Well, yes, the Bolshevik conspiracy against the common people, otherwise nothing, a bloody Stalin with a show

                all conspiracies seem to you, those days have already sunk into oblivion ...
                1. faiver
                  faiver 6 November 2017 05: 30 New
                  +3
                  Well, it just seems nothing to me ...
      2. Caretaker
        Caretaker 6 November 2017 13: 25 New
        0
        Quote: faiver
        where does the storming? said the normal division of labor was applied and it gave a good result ...

        Right! "Conveyor" in the mine. No "storming", but of course I had to work hard. However. otherwise you won’t earn on the “deal”.
  13. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 5 November 2017 14: 27 New
    +3
    After calculating the result, the head of the site and party organizers were shocked - Stakhanov chopped 102 tons of coal, fulfilling 14 standards.

    They were unlikely to be shocked. Especially the party organizer Petrov, who was the initiator and organizer of this production experiment for coal mining. Stakhanov himself personally could not organize such a thing; his position was not the same.
    Instead of painstaking studies at the Industrial Academy, Stakhanov preferred meet with fansbecame apply to the bottle.

    Unfortunately, Stakhanov is not the first and not the last to be twisted by both the “copper pipes” and the “green serpent”.
    Or maybe the enemies of the Soviet government intentionally soldered the innovator, vodka was a powerful weapon, and many people who were physically strong and spiritually strong were twisted into a ram's horn.
  14. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 5 November 2017 17: 14 New
    +1
    Quote from the article:
    In Karaganda, however, Stakhanov also did not work long - until 1942.

    After the academy, Stakhanov was in Karaganda, as the Donbass was occupied.
    In Moscow, idle life, walking at banquets, receptions Stakhanov greatly decomposed, as a person. Strongly Stakhanova vodka saddled. Therefore, in Karaganda, according to the elderly, it worked already poorly. He drank a lot and hard, then he fought, then wallowed on the territory, then idly staggered around the city. Karaganda then a small city all in front of each other in sight. He created a lot of unnecessary problems for the authorities of Karagandaugol, as well as the Soviet and party bodies. The authorities are already full of worries, there is a war, the Donbass is occupied, there is not enough coal in the country, coal production needs to be increased three to four times, the most hardworking men are at the front, women have gone underground, their husbands have been replaced in the lava, and here the drunkard director of the mine, Stakhanov himself. Another director would be put on trial and off the shoulders, but here Stakhanov himself. And when the deputy commissar of the coal industry Abakumov ET arrived, so the local authorities just didn’t fall to his knees in front of him, begging for Stakhanov to be taken away. Yegor Trofimovich heeded the requests of the authorities and took Stakhanov to Moscow.
  15. Roman 11
    Roman 11 5 November 2017 21: 03 New
    +2
    Stakhanov was Andrey probably?? His mustachioed tyrant baptized, supposedly the TRUTH was mistaken in a hurry, to which he reacted - the TRUTH cannot be mistaken, the passport is confused ..... and the national hero had to live the second part of his life under a different name. Is not this fact the basis of the tragedy that led to the psychiatric hospital?

    Stalinoids often fake, it is necessary to expand the material more widely, for objectivity, otherwise, for these reasons, the Union may not have lived so long?
    1. mat-vey
      mat-vey 7 November 2017 18: 41 New
      0
      And the daughter didn’t know .... a-ah, the bloody tyrant and frightened her. Moreover, personally - threw all things and frightened, frightened until frightened ...
  16. M. Michelson
    M. Michelson 7 November 2017 22: 36 New
    +1
    Cheap panegyric.
    No "outstanding personality" Stakhanov was not. On the contrary, he was the most ordinary, a lover of drinking and walking.
    This man accidentally fell into the movement of record-breakers, and the fact that it is named after him is, in general, a big drama. The initiator was the party organizer Petrov, and his daughter rightly believes that the movement should truly be called (constant-) Petrovsky. Then the initiative was picked up by many professional masters. And the stupid drunkard Stakhanov only discredits him, allowing him to compose stupid stories about really outstanding personalities, "Stakhanovites".
    Well, Stalin is also good here. The diamond eye, you see.
    1. reeston
      reeston 23 July 2020 09: 21 New
      0
      "History of Heroes" Zotov S.А. There is a chapter about Stakhanov.