Military Review

Test drive BMP-3: "Popmeh" at the helm of the famous car

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The model can hardly be called a novelty: it was put on production by Kurganmashzavod as early as 1987, and more than once successfully participated in international tenders. For the test drive, they provided us with the BMP-3 - a particularly famous car: it took part in parades and demonstrations in front of specialists and the public.


Test drive BMP-3: "Popmeh" at the helm of the famous car


Despite many years of success in the market, the car remains unique in its class: starting from the previous BMP-2 hit, the developers radically changed the layout. V-shaped 10-cylinder engine placed on tank manners, over the rear axle. This allowed for better balancing and visibility for the driver and provide additional protection for the landing.

In the immediate vicinity, the BMP looks taller and more massive due to the defiantly upturned nose and high ground clearance, visually balanced by the sidelines extending towards the back. The low-profile tower above the roof creates a feeling of power. Capable of turning all 360 degrees, it carries an 100-mm cannon, an 30-mm automatic cannon and an 7,62-mm machine gun coupled to them tightly, and two triguns grenade launchers of the “Tucha” smoke curtain system, which are rigidly connected in a single mask.


BMP-3 is in service with Russia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and other countries. For those who value special comfort in the performance of their tasks, the following versions are supplied: commander (BMP-3K), repair and evacuation (BREM-L "Beglyanka"), reconnaissance (BRM-3K "Rys") and others.

None of the machines of this class can boast such armament: a 100-mm cannon that is stabilized in two planes can also contend with the armor of a serious tank. “And we can cover the space with a length of 100 m with a curtain,” adds BMP-3 mechanic-driver, deputy commander of a motorized rifle guard company, senior lieutenant Peter Galaburda, “in fact, a whole platoon of three cars.” The front side of the tower reinforced invoice armor, which, however, does not spoil the contours of the upper part of the body.



About aerodynamics developers cared last: 500 hp "Under the hood" and without that allow the 19-ton car to develop about 90 km / h on the highway and to 10 km / h afloat. The engine can run on both gasoline and kerosene, although diesel fuel is regularly used. It does not shine with economy and consumes about 100 L on 100 km of run, however the 600-liter tank is enough to go to work, to the country and return back without refueling.



“In order even to operate a tank at a basic level, one must learn for a long time,” Peter Galaburda does not hide his pride. “But believe me, you will master the BMP-3 in a couple of minutes.” In fact, the semi-automatic hydromechanical transmission (four front and two rear speeds) allows you not to be distracted by the gear shift and concentrate on driving with the help of a motorcycle-type steering wheel. On it, by the way, there is also a button that allows you to instantly go to a maneuverable turn on the spot.

The first thing that attracts attention is the fantastic acceleration of the car. We did not manage to get data about the acceleration from the spot, but the sensations are hardly deceiving here: one push of the pedal - and the whole armored mass pulls away like a beast ready for throwing. “It was the case, we were competing on the level ground, at the sprint distance, - our BMP-3 against the T-72 and the BTR,” recalls the senior lieutenant. - We came first, broke away into several buildings. In fact, the BTR engine is not so agile, and although the conveyor can gain great speed, it does not start as quickly as the BMP-3.


The fuel tank moved under the front "hood", but safety did not have to be sacrificed: the secret porous material that fills the tank from the inside eliminates the detonation of fuel, even with a direct hit. “In the instructions, he appears simply as a“ compactor, ”says Senior Lieutenant Peter Galaburd. - To the touch something similar to polyfoam ".

The tracked vehicle’s passability is beyond praise. According to the specification, the BMP is able to overcome a ditch to a depth of 2,2 m and a rise to 30 degrees, taking walls of almost a meter height. “The tension of the tracks is controlled separately, and, if necessary, the driver can tighten them without getting out,” says Peter Galaburda. “The indications of many sensors, from engine temperature to oil level, are reduced to a single“ Accident ”light bulb: it will prompt you immediately if something happens, you can stop and look.”

Interior decoration is not different premium, and the passengers should not wait for silence. The automatic loader, located in the center part rotating together with the tower, works with a special crash. If necessary, shooting from the main 100-millimeter cannon can be fought with laser-guided anti-tank missiles, but it will have to be manually charged.



Regular place of the driver is located in the front, on the sides of it - the place of machine gunners who can fire from two course machine guns. The turret has the operator’s gunner’s and the crew’s commander’s seats, and another five people are in the rear of the cabin. The review of passengers is severely limited, which during movement and wild shaking creates noticeable inconveniences and requires the habit of dizziness. In the cold you can use the stove, and export versions supplied to Arab countries are equipped with air conditioning. However, the promising Kurganets-25 tracked platform, which the Kurganmashzavod developers presented not so long ago, should become much more comfortable. “This is the car of tomorrow,” says Peter Galaburda, who happened to drive the Kurgan at the Victory Parade. “Everything is digital, a bunch of touch screens, and comfort is at a new level.” It remains to wait for a new test drive.
Author:
Originator:
https://www.popmech.ru/weapon/235862-test-drayv-bmp-3-popmekh-za-shturvalom-znamenitoy-mashiny/
39 comments
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  1. andrewkor
    andrewkor 5 November 2017 06: 50 New
    +6
    On the site www.otvaga2004.ru, there have long been articles "How they tested the BMP-3," "How they sold the BMP-3," it was new, and the information was already hackneyed, nothing new, but the machine was certainly outstanding!
    1. the most important
      the most important 5 November 2017 09: 21 New
      +1
      Quote: andrewkor
      machine of course outstanding!

      I agree! But it also needs to be improved. In my opinion (which I do not impose on anyone), the BMP should have circular protection from 30 mm guns and RPGs, active protection is necessary. Combat power must also be strengthened in order to be able to deal with as many targets as possible. I consider it expedient to install the Kornet ATGM and grenade launcher. "Cornet" is guaranteed to destroy enemy armored vehicles, and a grenade launcher will make it possible to destroy dispersed infantry without spending 100 mm gun shells on each barmaley.
      1. andrewkor
        andrewkor 5 November 2017 10: 14 New
        +1
        I agree with you, the BMP-3 has enormous potential and modern defense and control system would have come in handy. An example of the modernization of the T-72 is very indicative!
      2. Servisinzhener
        Servisinzhener 6 November 2017 19: 55 New
        +2
        Why is the Kornet ATGM if the BMP-3 has the 9K116-3 Fable ATGM fired from a 100mm gun? And with a 100 mm high-explosive fragmentation shell, the efficiency is much higher than that of a AGS grenade launcher.
  2. Vadim Kurbatov
    Vadim Kurbatov 5 November 2017 07: 32 New
    +1
    Yes, normal fuel consumption for such a car liter per kilometer
  3. Deck
    Deck 5 November 2017 08: 31 New
    +3
    Famous for participating in parades? Great feature of a combat vehicle! Younger author.
    1. Gray brother
      Gray brother 5 November 2017 09: 10 New
      +1
      The device fought in Chechnya and is actively fighting in the Middle East.
      1. Deck
        Deck 5 November 2017 10: 29 New
        +1
        A lot of things were fought in Chechnya. And for this reason is it famous?
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 5 November 2017 10: 44 New
          +8
          Famous for its firepower. Very rare for cars of this class. In addition to her - the "younger sister" - BMD-4 (4M) and Chinese ZBD-04A. And that’s it. True, the Finnish-Polish-Russian “Patria” with the “triad” for the emirates is already on its way.
          In fact, it is rather a light tank capable of transporting troops.
          1. NIKNN
            NIKNN 5 November 2017 12: 55 New
            +6
            Quote: Spade
            In fact, it is rather a light tank capable of transporting troops.

            The tank is not characterized by landing (if only the "light merkava") Yes, and the defense is not tank, so not a tank. But how this fact allowed the better to defend the landing is not entirely clear.
            A V-shaped 10-cylinder engine is placed in a tank-like manner, above the rear axle. This allowed for better balancing and visibility for the driver and provide additional protection for the landing.
            The main defeat is far from aft ... request
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 5 November 2017 13: 12 New
              +5
              Quote: NIKNN
              And the defense is not tank

              ?
              There are different tanks.
              I'm not at all sure that the BMP-3 has worse protection than the same Scorpio

              Quote: NIKNN
              The main defeat is far from aft ...

              Here the matter is somewhat different, in comfort. To be honest, to be in the BMP-1 and BMP-2 "landing" for a long time, you need to have a very strong vestibular apparatus. BMP-3 due to its layout, the infantry is not so annoying.
              1. NIKNN
                NIKNN 5 November 2017 13: 21 New
                +2
                Quote: Spade
                There are different tanks.

                Well, yes, the PT-76 is positioned as a tank (floating). Here the BMP was originally created and the machine was designed as a BMP. Modern BMPs based on the T-14 will give odds to many tanks, but BMPs are already heavy ... smile
                Quote: Spade
                Here the matter is somewhat different, in comfort.

                I don’t argue, it’s just that the article focused on the additional defense of the landing, and for this reason I stuck with my comment ... smile
            2. Bad_gr
              Bad_gr 5 November 2017 18: 52 New
              +1
              Quote: NIKNN
              A V-shaped 10-cylinder engine is placed in a tank-like manner, above the rear axle. This allowed for better balancing and visibility for the driver and provide additional protection for the landing.
              The main defeat is far from aft ... request

              Probably, it means that moving the engine back allowed reinforcing the front armor plate with steel armor. If the engine remained in front it would be impossible.
              1. NIKNN
                NIKNN 5 November 2017 19: 10 New
                +3
                Quote: Bad_gr
                Probably, it means that moving the engine back allowed reinforcing the front armor plate with steel armor.

                It is unlikely ... The author just spoke out incorrectly ... this is often the case with journalists when you need to say something, but not when to think ... hi
          2. Gray brother
            Gray brother 5 November 2017 14: 52 New
            0
            Quote: Spade
            In fact, it is rather a light tank capable of transporting troops.

            The Arabs is, in fact, self-propelled guns)))
  4. Settlement Oparyshev
    Settlement Oparyshev 5 November 2017 14: 28 New
    0
    In the photos, the optics are rather weak, now large and distant optics play an important role. It's easy to drive and shoot, now this is not enough.
  5. Whowhy
    Whowhy 5 November 2017 14: 52 New
    0
    Once again I meet in articles a mysterious phrase about fuel detonation. laughing
    1. Dedall
      Dedall 6 November 2017 18: 26 New
      +2
      And this is when the solarium vapor, which has a low explosive concentration, ignites in a confined space. I can assure you that the sight is very impressive. Once BMP-2 caught fire with closed hatches, only an experienced warrant officer saved a soldier who wanted to put out a fire extinguisher. From the car then one bottom remained. Back door-tanks then flew away by 30 meters, and the tower - by 15. Ambrasure balls even in our first-aid post over 100 meters hit. In short, a terrible force.
      1. Whowhy
        Whowhy 17 March 2018 09: 27 New
        0
        Well, a volume explosion is, of course, a terrible force .... fellow Itself a couple of races went from WMD to the apartment (acetone vapor) and to the garage (gasoline vapor), but, strictly speaking, this is still not "fuel detonation". smile
  6. Curious
    Curious 5 November 2017 15: 01 New
    +4
    The BMP, like the tank, has no rear axle. And the “secret filler” is the well-known open-cell polyurethane foam.
    1. Gray brother
      Gray brother 5 November 2017 18: 42 New
      0
      Quote: Curious
      polyurethane foam.

      It is unlikely that it dissolves in a solarium.
      1. Curious
        Curious 5 November 2017 19: 02 New
        0
        Where does this information come from?
        1. Gray brother
          Gray brother 5 November 2017 20: 13 New
          0
          Quote: Curious
          Where does this information come from?

          Once he killed such Deshmanski slippers - he walked ankle-deep in diesel fuel, she eats all kinds of soft plastics at once, and asphalt too.
          1. Curious
            Curious 5 November 2017 22: 26 New
            +1
            Yes, and experience, son of difficult mistakes. The argument is weighty, but the tanks are not filled with soles. PPU is largely resistant to solvents, softeners, fuels, mineral oils, dilute acids and alkalis, waste gases and aggressive working environments found in practical applications.
            If interested, see http://www.arms-expo.ru/news/archive/pozharovzryv
            obezopasnye-toplivnye-baki-i-vzryvobezopasnye-gaz
            ovye-ballony30-07-2012-14-39-00/
  7. Romario_Argo
    Romario_Argo 5 November 2017 22: 22 New
    0
    but for me it’s better still BMP-3M "Dragoon"
    Do you want the same: 100-mm + 30-mm "Dragoon"; 57 mm Derivation or 125 mm Octopus
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 6 November 2017 00: 11 New
      +1
      Quote: Romario_Argo
      but for me it’s better still BMP-3M "Dragoon"

      BMP-3 is an evolutionary machine, created based on the opinion of the military. And the “dragoons” are the legacy of Serdyukov’s managers and the return to the BMP-1-2 layout, it doesn’t shine with anything good. Unless, sales to the foreign market.
      1. Blackgrifon
        Blackgrifon 7 November 2017 17: 00 New
        0
        Quote: Bad_gr
        dragoons "is the legacy of Serdyukov managers

        This character is not related to Dragoon. On the contrary, he and his comrades stabbed not only the process of saturating the BMP-3 troops and all proposals for its modernization, but with its criticism caused direct damage to sales.
        By the way, Dragoon is especially interested in the option of a light tank and the presence of KOEP.
  8. nmaxxen
    nmaxxen 6 November 2017 20: 39 New
    0
    The idea of ​​an infantry fighting vehicle is vicious - to carry infantry and powerful weapons in one vehicle
    For example, the generals were forced to admit that the concept of “flying BMP” extremely attractive in theory turned out to be untenable. As an airborne assault vehicle, the Mi-24 was significantly inferior to the Mi-8 helicopter.
    In carrying out combat missions, there was clearly not enough thrust-weight ratio, and, at the same time, they carried about 1000 kilograms of useless load in the form of an airborne compartment, although they rarely carried assault forces.
    And they abandoned this concept.
    The same with ground-based armored vehicles.
    BMP will always be weaker than BMPT (in normal form and not in poor current),
    when, after dismounting, the infantry begins to perform fire support functions,
    and worse than APCs on transport functions.
    Also, if a heavy infantry fighting vehicle climbs near tanks, its defeat
    will lead to the death of not only the crew, but also not dismounted landing.
    Therefore, the duo BMPT and heavy armored personnel carrier looks perfect.
    One machine specializes in fire support, the other in troop transport.
    In both cases, you can use a well-developed and reliable base T-55/72/90.
    I hope the appearance of BMPT in the correct version
    (57mm with shells including a programmable gap instead of 30mm farting)
    and the accumulation of experience in its interaction will shift thinking
    to the appearance of the ideal trio T-BTR - BMPT - Tank.
    1. Blackgrifon
      Blackgrifon 6 November 2017 21: 53 New
      +2
      Here are just a lot of "BUT". For example, the t-55 has long been removed from service and not the fact that there are spare parts for them.

      Quote: nmaxxen
      The idea of ​​an infantry fighting vehicle is vicious - to carry infantry and powerful weapons in one vehicle

      This idea is vicious in a warm apartment. But, fortunately, in practice, this is far from the case. BMP is a fire support unit, therefore, it can provide fire support right here and now. In addition, TBMP will never have equal strategic mobility and will always be inferior in number to light / medium BMP (BMP-2, BMP-3, Bradley, CV90).

      Quote: nmaxxen
      I hope the appearance of BMPT in the correct version

      Sir! You apparently have no idea WHAT 2A42 or 2A72 does with manpower, buildings and armor. As a means of supporting infantry, this is a normal gun. To combat shelters and firing points there is 100 mm. A 57-trovka in the series is missing, ammunition is not produced. High-impact is at times inferior to a hundredth.

      Quote: nmaxxen
      the accumulation of experience in its interaction will shift thinking

      The experience of the combat use of infantry fighting vehicles in the USSR / RF, USA and other operators of this class of equipment is more than 50 years old. And experience says that with proper use, any BMP is an effective means. At the same time, no one suggests any cardinal changes.
  9. First iron-faced
    First iron-faced 7 November 2017 05: 00 New
    +1

    Bad_gr, in my opinion, normal BM is exactly like BMInfantry, more convenient "queen of the fields." Her older sister, so to speak, was created for the Naval Forces and the Airborne Forces (BM up to 18 tons), hence the layout of the base machine with an ideal weight distribution. In the "winged" type of troops, the original for regret is not observed at all.
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 7 November 2017 18: 58 New
      +1
      Quote: First Iron-sided
      normal BM just like BMP infantry

      I think the infantry will be rocked on long marches, unlike the BMP-3, where the landing is in the center.
      And how will she behave when overcoming water barriers: to stay on the water normally or start to dig into the water with her nose?
      1. First iron-faced
        First iron-faced 8 November 2017 13: 02 New
        0
        In my opinion, the legend of motion sickness went from light BMP-1 / -2 (for heavier BMs, the suspension is stiffer), although besides marches in exercises, we always preferred landing on armor for this reason.
        BO with the tower are habitually shifted to the stern, it remains to wait for the test results and conclusions, I think it is not worth stigmatizing the “classics” and is not worth burying (in battle it is more convenient for infantry). Personally, the on-board screens are encouraging, which only one of the BMP-3M variants could boast of (it is clear that seaworthiness will no longer be 3 points, as in the F-modification).
        1. Bad_gr
          Bad_gr 8 November 2017 13: 45 New
          0
          Quote: First Iron-sided
          Personally, the on-board screens are encouraging, which only one of the BMP-3M variants could boast of (it is clear that seaworthiness will no longer be 3 points, as in the F-modification).

          In Afghanistan, there were BMP-2 with on-board screens, but she lost buoyancy with them. But on Kurganets, side screens with active armor and with positive buoyancy.
          I have no information about the airborne defense that stands on Dragu.
          1. First iron-faced
            First iron-faced 8 November 2017 17: 57 New
            0
            Quote: Bad_gr
            But on Kurganets, active armored side screens.

            Active? ...
            (can not answer)
            Quote: Bad_gr
            I have no information about the airborne defense that stands on Dragu.

            No doubt similar to this ...
            1. Bad_gr
              Bad_gr 8 November 2017 18: 53 New
              0
              Quote: First Iron-sided
              Quote: Bad_gr
              But on Kurganets, side screens with active armor ...

              Active? ...

              DZ
              1. First iron-faced
                First iron-faced 9 November 2017 04: 48 New
                0
                Rather, passive, i.e. hollow floats (possibly multi-layer), at the 25-ton Kurgan and to increase stability on the water, too.

                With EDZ, for example (BM with thin main armor) ...

                "Cactus"
                1. First iron-faced
                  First iron-faced 9 November 2017 08: 24 New
                  0
                  With a set of DZ "Cactus", respectively, BM loses buoyancy.
                  1. First iron-faced
                    First iron-faced 9 November 2017 19: 34 New
                    0
                    In the photo - after overcoming an artificial ford.
  10. iGran
    iGran 9 November 2017 13: 15 New
    0
    Quote: First iron-faced
    With a set of DZ "Cactus", respectively, BM loses buoyancy.

    Above the photo, it seems to refute)) however, perhaps skeptics will say that this is just a “wet pool” and most likely they will be right - therefore, below is a link to a photo where it is clearly visible that the machine with the NKDZ complex is floating http://www.niistali.ru/ products / military / nkdz / add
    on_era_bmp3_btr90 / .Where else there was an advertising brochure, I’ll look and post it)