Military Review

A fish that saved an entire city: a monument to hamsa was opened in Novorossiysk

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The inconspicuous small fish Hamsa for Novorossiysk is not just a inhabitant of the Black Sea, but a real symbol of the city, and most importantly a savior from starvation, a second bread. Every year, during fishing season in Novorossiysk, as mushrooms after rain, Khamsov tents appear, selling salted fish and never losing money. But, unfortunately, the younger generation, growing in an atmosphere of popularization of chess-like rolls, is not so familiar with the fact that it was the unsightly Hamsa who saved tens of thousands of lives during the famine of both the Civil War and the Great Patriotic War.


The civil war went through a bloody ax all over Russia. Hunger is a favorite ally of such tragedies. Being in a desperate situation, the new government in Novorossiysk turned its gaze to the sea. After all, it was not necessary to expect fast and sufficient for the life of the city food supplies from the continental Kuban, many villages of which were simply burned. And in the rocky soils of the Black Sea it is easier to grow grapes than potatoes in sufficient quantities. And you will not be full of grapes.

Before the Civil War, the hamsa’s catch was tens of thousands of poods, which means it’s time to return to the sea. In the 1920 year, the thinned fishing fleet did not even reach the 10 thousands, but even this modest catch saved lives. By the year 1940, the annual catch of the Black Sea Khamsa finally reached 20 by thousands of pounds.



Against the backdrop of the harsh Novorossiysk autumn

And then the war broke out again, this time, the Great Patriotic War. As you know, wartime forced the fishermen to quit their craft and take up weapon. The same was true of fishing vessels. Nearly the entire peace fleet got under the gun, from fairly modern trawlers to old low-speed lugues. For example, entered into history “Mackerel”, armed with the installation of the RS “Katyusha”, is famous for wiping out the artillery battery on the Cape of Love in the occupied part of Novorossiysk. At the same time the “Mackerel” itself was a simple wooden schooner.

Thus, the vessels remaining in service were ancient and unsafe to operate. It’s like the Black Sea has become deadly because of German submarines, Schnellbots, aviation and mines, it was not enough. But the Black Sea coast was almost divorced from the whole country, therefore, to supply food to the civilian population and the army, fish was needed at all costs. It became hamsa, and sometimes dolphins, which is really sad.



And immediately after the liberation of Novorossiysk, a completely ruined city, in 1943, Black Sea fishermen managed to exceed the catch plan 4 times! In the desperate hours of the approaching famine, even camouflage nets were used for fishing. However, already in 1944, the catch of hamsa approached 25 thousand centners. This was partly a consequence of the decline in fishing activity. fleet during the fighting.

And finally, in Novorossiysk, on the embankment of Admiral Serebryakov, they unveiled a monument to this wonderful fish. The very idea to perpetuate the gratitude of the Novorossiysk Black Sea Hamsa has long been in sight. For the first time, the townspeople who survived the war talked about this and rebuilt the city. Their table was unthinkable without hamsa, and since the feeling of gratitude was then disproportionately more valuable than now, citizens and veterans repeatedly suggested creating a monument to a small fish.

But the city authorities, who rather took care of how they look from the regional capital and from Moscow in the eyes of their bosses, could not understand why they needed a monument to some fish in the city of the military glory of Little Earth. And most importantly, they could not even imagine how they would explain the essence of the installation of such a monument to their high authorities. After all, this very bosses hardly experienced a post-war famine in a seaside city, and it is also unlikely that it is able to realize that this part of the history of the city. And some citizens, especially older ones, generally believe that the fish made a kind of contribution to the defeat of Nazi Germany.



The monument seems to be a silver fish strayed into a flock, driven by a pair of large ruffs, as it seemed to the author. The whole composition is set on a pedestal, a bit like a wave. However, not without a spoon of tar.

First, the monument contains many small details. This attracted some citizens from the genetically hopeless subspecies, who with the help of wire cutters began to disassemble small metal fish for souvenirs.

Secondly, the organizational question and the very announcement of the discovery was somewhat ineptly resolved. Messages about the opening of the monument alternated with messages about the transfer date due to unavailability, then the pedestal, then the site itself.



Whether a joke, or sentimentality - a jar of fish with the signature "from grateful inhabitants"

Thirdly, unfortunately, the fruits of modern education gave their shoots, and they did find their own home-grown critics who do not understand that this monument is a tangible reminder of the history of war and peace. That this is not a funny attraction, but a tangible story, so that the next generation does not suddenly blink, that the city was saved by a restaurant for the quick delivery of rolls and pizza. And in case of a delay during the bombing, the order is free ... Given the trend, there is such a danger. To those who say, why not to erect a monument to heroic fishermen, who showed the wonders of the sea craft in those conditions, I’ll note that there is such a monument in Novorossiysk on the Cape of Love, built back in the USSR.



Monument to fishermen who died in the background of a bora coming down from the mountains

And, fourthly, it would be even more pleasant if city officials paid more attention (yes there is more, at least some) to all the monuments of the city, and not occasionally. They last distinguished themselves by the fact that they simply wanted to demolish the monument to the Red Army built by sculptor Alexander Kamper at their own expense on one of the slopes of Mount Koldun. But more about that next time.
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  1. Grandfather
    Grandfather 3 November 2017 06: 15 New
    +6
    A fish that saved an entire city: a monument to hamsa was opened in Novorossiysk
    I remember this fish in stores ...
    1. andranick
      andranick 3 November 2017 06: 47 New
      10
      Yes, and now in bulk. Svezhak went. Crimea also contributes to the production of hamsa.
      On Saturday-Sunday in Novorossiysk is scheduled festival "Hamsa", I plan to visit
      1. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 3 November 2017 09: 41 New
        +6
        He wondered how she looked like hamsa. We do not have it in Siberia. Found a photo for those who also did not see. It looks like a sprat, familiar to us.
        1. mar4047083
          mar4047083 3 November 2017 21: 08 New
          +3
          And this is sprat (mini herring), it’s also sprats (if canned), it’s also a sprat, and if it’s “fashionable” - a whole anchovy. Now without any problems, it is sold in a supermarket.
          1. rasteer
            rasteer 4 November 2017 18: 39 New
            +1
            As for hamsa and anchovy, I agree the difference is only in the seas where they live.
            But sprat and sprat (this is still the name of fish, not canned food) are very different from them, as well as sprat. Yes, there is biology ... the taste is different. If you look purely at size then capelin can become a hamsa wassat Oh yeah, from the little things of the sea in our gastronomy there is still herring laughing
            In general, the food marketing is a funny thing, here the anchovy is tasty, fashionable, pathos, but call it hamsa and all junk fish for an amateur, but in case of starvation it’s good.
            1. mar4047083
              mar4047083 4 November 2017 19: 30 New
              0
              Sprat, sprat, sprat and hamsa are herring. But capelin is salmon, so it cannot become a hamsa.
              1. rasteer
                rasteer 4 November 2017 20: 00 New
                +1
                Hamsa is an anchovy family fish.
                Sprat, sprat. sprat - fish of the herring family.
                Well, yes, the detachment is one herring-shaped, but if we measure it so let's immediately remember herring with sardines.
                Or maybe immediately the classes "Radiant" and then the capelin will also be hamsa.
    2. Bersaglieri
      Bersaglieri 3 November 2017 21: 20 New
      +2
      Salted hamsa is a nice appetizer.
  2. midshipman
    midshipman 3 November 2017 06: 29 New
    +7
    And in Leningrad kalyushka was such a fish. Everyone ate her, she was very fat. We guys caught her in the net in the Neva, I personally caught her in 1945-1946 on the Sinop embankment of the Neva (I returned from evacuation in 1944). The fish was no more than 7 cm in length. I have the honor.
    1. Anatole Klim
      Anatole Klim 3 November 2017 09: 28 New
      10
      Quote: midshipman
      And in Leningrad kalyushka was such a fish.

      The shelling fell silent and the bombing,
      But praise still sounds -
      The blockade little fish
      What helped people survive ...
      Lines from the poem of the Kronstadt poetess Maria Aminova "Blockade stickleback"

      Monument to the blockade stickleback
      1. Eastern wind
        3 November 2017 11: 42 New
        +8
        The bullets whistled and the bombs exploded
        Voices echoed from the mountains of Victory,
        Left staff cards arrows, diamonds.
        Novorossiysk rescued from hunger HAMSA
    2. vasilev
      vasilev 3 November 2017 21: 52 New
      +2
      In Kronstadt there is a monument to this stickleback.
  3. Shurale
    Shurale 3 November 2017 06: 59 New
    +3
    In our city, a bronze star was broken several times around the eternal flame, they couldn’t catch anyone, in the end they just stopped putting a star and the homeless people left alone, right now, just a fire near the monument to the mother’s motherland, without a star ...
    1. Andrey Skokovsky
      Andrey Skokovsky 3 November 2017 16: 24 New
      +3
      what city?
    2. Des10
      Des10 3 November 2017 19: 53 New
      +3
      Homeland and - if your own --- they write with a capital letter.
  4. Olgovich
    Olgovich 3 November 2017 07: 20 New
    +4
    Dolphin Monument need to put-their meat saved a lot of lives.
    1. Black5Raven
      Black5Raven 3 November 2017 21: 58 New
      +1
      It is better to make efforts to preserve them and prevent pollution of their environment - this is the best monument that a person can make for them.
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 3 November 2017 07: 42 New
    +6
    Yes ... thanks to the fish, it saved ... And the food and warmth .. Grandmother, told me about the dried fish, they heated the stove, added to dung .. In our town, too, the hamsa season began ... And I remember the period, the hamsa counters were overwhelmed, ice cream, smoked, canned food .. Yes, not only hamsoy .. Our canning factory worked on local products .. Silver carp, bream, pike perch, Azov flounder, sturgeon .. in 1984, 70-80 centners of valuable breeds were removed from ha ... In the spring , we boys, couldn’t wait for the end of the lessons, run to the Kuban to catch some chekhon ... Where is that chekhon now ... if now industrial fishing of the goby is prohibited .. a delicacy ... I used to come to the port .. you’ll catch shrimps at the pier .. and let's drag a bullock, they didn’t take a trifle, let’s let it go .. so you can catch a dozen two three and go home ... A fish has gone ... to a distant cordon, now ...
    1. Cat Marquis
      Cat Marquis 3 November 2017 09: 36 New
      +4
      As far as I know, there not only "hamsa saved everyone." but also mullet and dolphin meat. Well, now .... in Novorossiysk, there is no slave factory, it was destroyed, now in its place ..... the embankment.
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 3 November 2017 11: 40 New
        +4
        We also have the same garbage .. our canning fish works on imported products. Previously, in fact, it was a city-forming enterprise .. they didn’t supply the condition as fodder for animal husbandry, now there is no identity either .. Yes, there are a lot of things in our town .. now there are some shops .. nearly..
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 4 November 2017 13: 04 New
          +3
          We also have the same garbage .. our canned fish works on imported products. Previously, in fact, it was a city-forming enterprise .. they didn’t supply the condition in the form of feed for animal husbandry, now there is no identity ..

          familiar situation. In our Leningrad region, too, most of them were closed. Someone else survives on rent ..
  6. soldier
    soldier 3 November 2017 07: 47 New
    20
    Volga cities in WWII survived largely thanks to fish
    Great that remembered
    Was the case
    1. ICT
      ICT 3 November 2017 07: 55 New
      14
      Quote: soldier
      in WWII survived in many ways


      After the besieged Leningrad, Arkhangelsk was the second city in terms of mortality from hunger. Despite the fact that tons of food for the war-torn country passed through its port, the city was starving. In the first two years after the declaration of war, 38 of thousands of inhabitants died in Arkhangelsk. At the celebration of the 65th anniversary of the Great Victory in Arkhangelsk, an unusual monument appeared to those who saved the city during this difficult time.

      On the embankment of the Northern Dvina there is a monument to “Seal - the savior of the inhabitants of Arkhangelsk and the besieged Leningrad”. During the Great Patriotic War, he saved the northerners from starvation, when in the city per person there was a norm for issuing bread in all 125 grams. In the summer of 1942, a group of Arkhangelsk high school students went to Novaya Zemlya to find eggs and carcasses of guillemots on island rocks in order to get at least some food for the residents. Adults hunted seals. The extracted meat was sent to Arkhangelsk and the nearest settlements. Part of an already tiny supply went along the Life Road to besieged Leningrad.

      After the victory, it was decided to erect a monument to this animal, but the construction was postponed for several decades. Some of the funds were allocated by the city budget, some were donated by the residents themselves. Today on the embankment there is a one and a half meter bronze seal on a light pedestal that symbolizes ice
  7. Korsar4
    Korsar4 3 November 2017 08: 19 New
    +4
    Very interesting. In the middle lane, they often survived due to mushrooms and mountain ash.
    1. Bureaucrat
      Bureaucrat 3 November 2017 17: 32 New
      +3
      In Siberia, a gopher saved people from hunger. They saved the harvest along the way!
      1. Bersaglieri
        Bersaglieri 3 November 2017 21: 23 New
        +3
        Not a gopher, but a chipmunk (eurasque) and a Siberian marmot. Suslik is perhaps in the steppes, Orenburg, Kurgan and northern Kazakhstan.
  8. BRONEVIK
    BRONEVIK 3 November 2017 11: 55 New
    16
    Yes, mother nature doesn’t forget us
  9. Curious
    Curious 3 November 2017 13: 23 New
    +7
    Residents of many coastal cities were saved by fish.

    Monument to the goby-breadwinner is one of the attractions of the Berdyansk embankment. A monument erected in 2001 dedicated to the main prey of local fisheries - the Azov goby, which saved the city from starvation during the Great Patriotic War and the difficult post-war years.
    1. San Sanych
      San Sanych 3 November 2017 15: 31 New
      +3
      a beautiful monument, modest but elegant, and no gigantomania.
    2. mar4047083
      mar4047083 3 November 2017 20: 58 New
      +3
      Goby classic, scale 100: 1. Although the artist turned out to be normal.
      1. Bersaglieri
        Bersaglieri 4 November 2017 13: 10 New
        +1
        Goby calf, smoked - a thing!
    3. Okolotochny
      Okolotochny 4 November 2017 00: 36 New
      +7
      I will support you. Father told the same thing for Makhachkala. Fish saved many, the Caspian saved from hunger.
      And you can also say probably for horse mackerel in Novoros. In the fall, just her fishing.
    4. Mikado
      Mikado 4 November 2017 12: 59 New
      +4
      and in Kronstadt we have the "Monument to the Blockade Stable". Oh, damn it, I just noticed that they had already posted it, but I will not clean it up.
      1. Curious
        Curious 4 November 2017 14: 33 New
        +3
        This is exactly the case when you can write an article about the fish monuments. For example, a monument to the gambusia fish in Sochi.

        Whoever had the aquarium, he knows a close relative of the gambusia - guppies.
        A small live-bearing gambusia fish was introduced to the Black Sea coast in 1925. Previously, the Adler district of Greater Sochi was a wetland swarming with malaria mosquitoes. Gambusia actively ate the larvae of the malaria mosquito, and since 1956, not a single case of yellow fever-malaria has been recorded in the Adler region.
        Monuments to this fish have been erected in Israel and Corsica for their help in the fight against malaria. Such is the big contribution of a small fish to history.
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 4 November 2017 16: 54 New
          +3
          yes, small fish, but how many lives saved .. soldier
        2. mar4047083
          mar4047083 4 November 2017 18: 41 New
          +2
          V.N. This is the official version, half-legend for tourists. Mostly in the fight against mosquitoes, less humane methods were used and much more effective. For example, flooding swamps with oil, the entire mosquito dokh instantly, and no longer start.
          1. Curious
            Curious 4 November 2017 19: 34 New
            +2
            No need to fill. A thin film on the surface of the water is enough. The mosquito larva cannot breathe and dies. Aviation was widely used to spray insecticides. But from a certain moment, it is not necessary to destroy. but maintaining the absence. Here it’s better to start a fish. Cheaper.
            1. mar4047083
              mar4047083 4 November 2017 19: 48 New
              +2
              With the development of black spots, the problem was solved radically. They simply drained the swamps, with everyone who lived in them. Now these are not humane methods (do you really think that someone "bothered" with the dosing of oil), so they came up with fish. Yes, there was some effect from it, again, tourists should be entertained.
              1. Curious
                Curious 4 November 2017 20: 05 New
                +2
                But Israel and Corsica how. Surely they came up with tourists too?
                1. mar4047083
                  mar4047083 4 November 2017 20: 26 New
                  +2
                  Probably there you can’t be so “foolish” as ours, that’s where they work with natural remedies.
                  1. Mikado
                    Mikado 5 November 2017 12: 39 New
                    +2
                    they have that space to "bewitch", no. In the sense of geography. "You get naughty" in one lake with pollutants - there will be nowhere to drink. request
  10. mar4047083
    mar4047083 3 November 2017 20: 46 New
    +2
    Times were hard. They ate everything they could catch. Dolphins were harvested on an industrial scale (valuable fat and meat), not moral and ethical considerations stopped them from eating dolphins, but as they said a terrible stench when frying. And of course, the main enemy of the fishermen was not mythical submarines, but the material and technical base. As they said: fishing families gathered and prayed, remembered all the prayers. May the author forgive me, but the monument leaves much to be desired. It is not otherwise, this is the work of Tsereteli, especially the monsters around the hamsa embarrass the fish. I have already seen this. In the 30s, the church was dismantled, and in the 70s they built a fountain on the wasteland, there was exactly the same flock, and “monsters” drove around the edges. Then they broke the fountain and again built the church. It seems that this is a fragment of our fountain, somewhere else Neptune should emerge.