Military Review

Combat robot "Nerekhta" will be adopted

27
The Russian defense industry develops and tests new robotic complexes of various types and for various purposes. According to the test results, new equipment is sent for revision or receives a recommendation for adoption. With the positive results this year, the necessary checks of the Nerekhta complex, which will now have to go into service and go to the troops, have come to an end.


On October 30, the Interfax news agency published several interesting statements by the head of the innovation research department of the Directorate General for Research Activities of the Ministry of Defense, Colonel Oleg Pomazuev. The representative of the military department spoke about current work in the field of combat robotic complexes, and also announced news perspective project "Nerekhta". According to him, the product of the latter type has successfully coped with the tests and now has to go to the troops.


Complex "Nerekhta": artillery reconnaissance vehicle and combat vehicle. Photo Defence.ru


Colonel O. Pomazuev said that in the summer of this year, a number of new types of combat robots were tested at the Alabino training ground near Moscow. One of the participants in these events was the Nerekhta complex. A special track was prepared at the site, where the presented samples could demonstrate their capabilities in the field of mobility, overcoming obstacles, including water ones. In addition, at the site, robots used standard weapons and showed their fighting qualities.

As reported before the start of testing, after such events, scheduled for July of this year, the Ministry of Defense had to examine the real possibilities of promising technology and make its decision. According to the results of tests, promising robotic complexes could enter service. According to previous official statements, it was planned to test the systems “Nerekhta”, “Companion” and “Uran-9” at the test site in Alabino.

In general, "Nerekhta" and other modern samples have shown themselves well in the course of recent tests. The head of the innovative research department also noted that in a number of indicators compact robotic complexes are superior to existing habitable combat vehicles used by the ground forces. The main result of the comparative tests will be the adoption of the Nerekhta complex. The corresponding order will appear soon.

O. Pomazuev asserts that the Nerekhta robotic complex will be used by troops as they are. The armed forces receive new systems of this kind, designed to solve various tasks. Robots are designed for reconnaissance, bomb disposal, fire fighting, etc. In the foreseeable future, such a technique is supposed to be entrusted with conducting storms or percussion operations. One of the means for such work, apparently, will be the Nerekhta complex.

The representative of the Ministry of Defense noted the positive results of the recent tests of "Nerekhta", and also announced that the complex would soon be accepted into service. However, he did not specify the timing of the appearance of the relevant order, and did not announce the start time of mass production and deliveries of finished equipment. The number of robots planned for the order is also not named. It is known that the complex "Nerekhta" may include machines for different purposes, but this aspect was left without comment. However, even without such details, the latest news in the context of the development of robotic tools looks extremely interesting.

The project of multipurpose combat robotic complex "Nerekhta" is a joint development of the Plant them. Degtyarev (Kovrov) and the Foundation for Advanced Study. The aim of the project was to create a universal remotely controlled tracked platform with a set of interchangeable modules for various purposes. With the help of this technique, it was proposed to reconnoiter, transport small loads or attack the enemy. Work on the new project started back in 2013, and soon the general public became aware of its existence.

In the spring of 2015, data on the overall appearance of a promising robot was published. In addition, then the need for testing and fine-tuning equipment with the parallel development of some new components and assemblies was indicated. In the middle of autumn of the same year, the modified prototypes of the complex were demonstrated at the exhibition “Innovation Day of the Ministry of Defense”. At the event visitors were shown immediately two prototypes that received equipment of different types.

The complex "Nerekhta", according to official data, consists of several main components. The first is a remote control. It includes devices for monitoring the operation of systems, radio equipment, a monitor for outputting a video signal, etc. The console has a small size that allows you to carry it by the operator or transport it on any available transport.


Prototype combat "Nerehty." Photo Arms-expo.ru


The main element of the robot is a universal platform on a tracked chassis. It is a compact armored vehicle with its own power plant, transmission and chassis, equipped with communication and control devices. A housing with a reduced cross section that reduces the visibility of the robot may have 5 class protection. In the upper part of the case there are fastenings for mounting target equipment chosen by the customer. Along the perimeter of the car are installed video cameras designed for driving and tracking the surrounding space.

Inside the hull is a hybrid power plant, which allows to use an internal combustion engine or an electric motor for movement. There is a tracked undercarriage with four support rollers on an individual suspension, placed on each side. The drive wheels of the pinching gear are located in the front of the hull, the guides are in the aft.

The simplest modification of the Nerekhta robot is a transport one. In this case, the cargo platform and some other equipment are installed on the universal platform. In particular, it is possible to use a winch or a crane with a remote control. In this configuration, the machine can transport cargoes, independently carrying out their loading, as well as solve other auxiliary tasks.

For obvious reasons, the most famous was the combat version of “Nerekhta”. Such a robot is equipped with a remotely controlled combat module. The latter is a platform with its own pointing drives and a set of required equipment. The module can have a PKT machine gun in caliber 7,62 mm, large-caliber CORD or an automatic AG-30M grenade launcher. It was previously stated that a new machine gun could be developed specifically for the robotic complex. The possibility of equipping the “Nerekhta” with a missile system was also mentioned.

On one rocking device with weapons an optoelectronic unit is installed. To search for targets, the operator is offered to use “traditional” means in the form of a video camera, a thermal imager and a laser range finder. Data from these devices are transmitted via radio to the operator’s console. Airborne devices ensure shelling targets in all directions horizontally with elevation angles from -20 ° to + 60 °.

Also in the framework of the project "Nerekhta" was proposed so-called. artillery intelligence module. In this case, a large protected unit with advanced optical-electronic means is installed on the track platform. During the observation, the optics can be extended upwards using the existing telescopic mast. With such equipment, the robot is able to observe objects at ranges up to 5 km by day or 4 km at night. Data on detected targets can be transmitted to various consumers.

The curb weight of the platform without special equipment reaches 1 t. Load capacity - 500 kg. The chassis can reach speeds of up to 30-32 km / h. The working radius is limited by the characteristics of the communication systems. According to published data, the car can be removed from the operator only 3 km.

Previously, the industry demonstrated the capabilities of the newest robotic complex. In the course of such a show, a group of robots “Nerekhta” with different equipment attacked a conventional enemy with joint efforts. At the same time, a machine with an artillery reconnaissance module timely detected the target and issued a target designation to the robot with the combat module. The joint efforts of the two machines conditional enemy was detected, fired and destroyed.

Combat robot "Nerekhta" will be adopted
Information poster describing the project "Nerekhta". Photo Twower.livejournal.com


Already during the first public demonstration, the authors of the project “Nerekhta” talked about their plans and future work. It was argued that in the very near future the robotic complex would be sent for tests, during which it would have to show all its capabilities and interest the customer. At the same time at that time there were certain difficulties of a specific nature.

At the beginning of 2016, reports appeared in the press about the imminent start of testing robots in the interests of the Ministry of Defense. Unnamed media sources claimed that the project developers and potential customers faced some difficulties. A prospective sample was required to fit into the existing structure of the ground forces, so that the desired results could be obtained. Such works, as noted, were associated with certain difficulties.

According to later reports, the Nerekhta robotic complex was brought to the training ground for the necessary checks. A few months ago, after completing part of the tests, it was announced that the new checks would start soon. For the summer, joint testing of several equipment samples was planned. Now the robots had to not only show themselves at their best, but also compete with other equipment. According to the announced plans, after comparative tests, the military were going to resolve the issue of adopting equipment for armament.

As the head of the innovative research department of the General Directorate for Research and Development activities rightly noted, at present the bulk of new robots for the army is designed to solve auxiliary tasks. Nevertheless, the situation is gradually changing, and in the near future, the armed forces will receive promising remote-controlled equipment with their own weapons. The presence of modular systems for various purposes will further increase the potential of the Nerekhta robotic complex in the context of expanding the capabilities of the troops.

After several years of development work, testing and development, one of the first domestic combat robots was able to reach the stage of adoption. The direction of robotic complexes not only develops, but also gives real results, contributing to the re-equipment and modernization of the army.


On the materials of the sites:
http://interfax.ru/
https://rg.ru/
https://vesti.ru/
https://utro.ru/
http://arms-expo.ru/
https://defence.ru/
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  1. RASKAT
    RASKAT 2 November 2017 07: 42 New
    +1
    Great news, successful complex.
    The hybrid engine charges 2 batteries of 10 kW each. Equipped with a diesel generator to charge dead batteries.
    It can be used for a long time in a stationary position. That's just about ATGM on its basis little is known. I hope to install, for example, in conjunction with Art Intelligence.
    1. xetai9977
      xetai9977 2 November 2017 10: 02 New
      0
      And how is he "successful"? Surely expensive. And it can be disabled by a penny grenade launcher. It is not worth it.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 2 November 2017 11: 23 New
        +8
        Here you are wrong. The idea of ​​unmanned wedges has been in the air for a long time.
        Their main task: reconnaissance in battle in difficult areas with possible ambushes
        or enemy mine traps.
        They are sacrificing wedges, so to speak, to save the lives of soldiers. But before death
        she will be able to:
        1) identify enemy firing points and
        2) it is possible to damage him - with a heavy machine gun you can catch up
        "mow the bushes" and everyone who hides behind them.
        No need to try to book a wedge from a grenade launcher - it's useless.
        Enough bulletproof armor. And its price will be much less than armored personnel carriers / infantry fighting vehicles.
        1. NIKNN
          NIKNN 2 November 2017 13: 54 New
          +3
          Quote: voyaka uh
          Their main task: reconnaissance in battle in difficult areas with possible ambushes
          or enemy mine traps.

          The tactics of using these funds are still at the stage, not even practicing, but determining its place in the BP. But it seems to me that the possibilities of use are quite wide, from reconnaissance and combat protection to ambushes and the operational buildup of fire support on the battlefield.
          Well, like that ... hi
        2. Yrec
          Yrec 7 August 2018 09: 19 New
          +1
          As a developer of mobile robots, I see at least one significant drawback for the assault variant of the Nerekhta - the unchanged height of the line of fire. In this form, the actions of the robot in the building are extremely limited. Yes, and in any closed and half-closed area, too.
      2. RASKAT
        RASKAT 2 November 2017 12: 11 New
        +5
        And how is he "successful"?
        The fact that he with a combined power plant, quietly creeps up, and in the mode when you do not need to go anywhere, just watch, he will have enough batteries for a very long time, they will sit down and start the diesel engine.
        War is 90% standing and holding borders. Here in the same Syria, the offensive is being conducted on a narrow site, and on the rest it was standing. Here’s a similar Nerekhtu put in position and let him watch, she saw the movement gave a signal or hit the target changed her position, etc. The carrying capacity of 700 kilograms. Yes, there you can instruct a bunch of everything and there will still be a place. That and successful. It seems to me hi .
      3. Whaler
        Whaler 2 November 2017 13: 57 New
        +1
        Everything is expensive .... especially grant-takers))) such a crumb will covertly approach the front end and cover the prone in the near rear of the adversary (5-7 km). The range of the Cornet D is 10 km ... the spectrum is wide: observation, reconnaissance, ambush, suppression of firing points of the "pillbox" type, evacuation of the wounded under fire (drags made of hard polyurethane), etc. here’s "and what is it" wink
      4. Vadim Kurbatov
        Vadim Kurbatov 2 November 2017 15: 36 New
        0
        So any robotic complex can be brought out of a grenade grenade
        1. alexsipin
          alexsipin 2 November 2017 21: 07 New
          0
          Quote: Vadim Kurbatov
          like any robotic complex can be brought out of a grenade grenade

          And then the owner of the grenade launcher will be disabled. And there will be a change - a robot per person.
  2. kunstkammer
    kunstkammer 2 November 2017 08: 30 New
    +5
    it’s not entirely clear - on what basis are these radio-controlled cars so pompously called "robots"?
    If they can act independently (according to the program or with some intelligence) then with a stretch one can still call robotic complexes.
    1. viktorch
      viktorch 2 November 2017 09: 49 New
      +2
      yes the devil knows, judging by the articles, now it’s time for us to chant - "give Russian skynet"
      but in fact, somewhere from a distant distance, a weak whisper is heard with a death rattle - "Elbrus is alive"

      ps in the photo there is an ordinary radio-controlled drone, judging by the absence of sensor blocks on the body - not even having a normal autopilot, i.e. fully manual control.
      1. Botanologist
        Botanologist 8 November 2017 22: 16 New
        +1
        Quote: viktorch
        judging by the absence of sensor blocks on the body - not even having a normal autopilot, i.e. fully manual control.


        Well, no matter how you really want to have a robot with a heavy machine gun and an autonomous decision-making module in battle formations - when and how to shoot it.
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 2 November 2017 10: 16 New
      +3
      Quote: kunstkammer
      it’s not entirely clear - on what basis are these radio-controlled cars so pompously called "robots"?

      In fact, developers use the term "robotic" That is, part of the functions from the operator are transferred to the automation.
  3. Moore
    Moore 2 November 2017 08: 32 New
    0
    A promising model was required to fit into the existing structure of the units of the ground forces, as a result of which it would be possible to obtain the desired results. Similar works, as noted, were associated with certain difficulties.

    I believe that the main difficulty is not only in the structure, but also in the tactics of using the device. IMHO, the "combat" version has a very narrow specific application on the battlefield.
    Its niche is combat security, combat in the village, the protection of stationary objects.
    The transport version, of course, can find wide application.
    It was previously stated that a new machine gun could be developed specifically for the robotic complex.

    Well, not so much new, how old, hung with sensors - about the presence of b / p, the change in the type of b / p, etc.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 2 November 2017 10: 34 New
      +2
      Quote: Moore
      I believe that the main difficulty is not only in the structure, but also in the tactics of using the device. IMHO, the "combat" version has a very narrow specific application on the battlefield.

      Originally developed exclusively "artillery" version. With all the consequences. The task, after all, for such a complex, it is enough to simply bring the AIR module to the point from which it will conduct reconnaissance

      Quote: Moore
      Its niche is combat security, combat in the village, the protection of stationary objects.

      Pay attention to the "optoelectronic suppression system." The characteristics of which indicate "detection range"
      That is, a robotic complex, among other things, can detect optics and suppress it. Which greatly expands the very niche you are writing about.
      1. Moore
        Moore 2 November 2017 11: 41 New
        0
        Quote: Spade
        That is, a robotic complex, among other things, can detect optics and suppress it. Which greatly expands the very niche you are writing about.

        Actually, the CEPFs known to me ("Blind", "Adros", etc.) are not intended to "suppress optics", but to protect against b / p with an infrared guidance system of various types. Those. this is not a means of combating binoculars (a joke), but a means of protecting the unit - in this case, the robot in the combat version.
        I don’t dare to say how all this will work on the battlefield in the conditions of radio-electronic suppression of enemy control channels and saturation with PT means, therefore I see its use in a combat version or on its territory (security) or in some kind of military security in the conduct of defense.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 2 November 2017 12: 09 New
          0
          Quote: Moore
          Actually, the CECs I know of ("Blind", "Adros", etc.) are not intended to "suppress optics", but to protect against b / p with an infrared guidance system of various types

          You are confusing something. The same "Curtain" is a complex of optoelectronic COUNTERPHONES, moreover, it does not protect against ammunition with an infrared guidance system, but rather, on the contrary, facilitates their capture and guidance.

          And on the "combat" version of "Nerekhty" an optoelectronic suppression system is installed. Similar to the one that is put on the "Infauna."
          With two important characteristics:
          - Range of defeat 2000 meters
          - Detection range of 5000 meters

          That is, at a distance of up to 5 km, the system is capable of detecting not only binoculars, but also more dangerous components such as ATGM systems, optoelectronic reconnaissance systems and optical sights installed on other weapons, including sniper rifles.
          And at a range of up to 2 km, it’s also suppressing, almost in the same way as the Soviet PAPV did

          I think this is a much more adequate solution compared to the attempt to "put into operation" the attacking common arms "Infauna"
          1. Moore
            Moore 3 November 2017 03: 36 New
            0
            Quote: Spade
            You are confusing something. The same "Curtain" is a complex of optoelectronic COUNTERPHONES, moreover, it does not protect against ammunition with an infrared guidance system, but rather, on the contrary, facilitates their capture and guidance.

            Complex of optoelectronic suppression "Shtora-1"
            https://pikabu.ru/story/kompleks_optikoyelektronn
            ogo_podavleniya_shtora1_3973019
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 3 November 2017 10: 20 New
              0
              Uh ... I don’t think that “Picabu” is a fairly authoritative source in this regard 8))))))))))
  4. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 2 November 2017 09: 43 New
    +2
    Very correct concept. It is necessary to implement.
    Maybe this and Israel will spur the introduction of such wedges.
    And then we stopped at the buggy.
    1. TechnoID
      TechnoID 2 November 2017 19: 02 New
      +1
      The concept may be good for some tasks, but in vain it is nominated as a universal tool for battle, and as a scout, and as a transporter. For combat and reconnaissance, IMHO, it is very bulky, tall and weakly maneuverable - it’s better to have a buggy or something like that
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hIzU4bU9DcA
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e9xqdoDc3oI
      In the first video, a competent suspension, when implemented on a relatively small d / car, makes it possible to significantly reduce the silhouette, hide on the ground, fire from cover, "leaning out" for firing, quickly and secretly change position. You correctly said that at the moment, until the current remotely controlled platforms turn into more or less full-fledged robots, such a product in battle and reconnaissance is likely to be disposable. And the cost should be appropriate.
      Mine workers in Libya and Syria expressed their wishes for the development of control systems that in the field can be integrated into old armored vehicles such as T-55, BMP-1, etc., which are on the move, but not in combat-ready condition. The trawl then clings to them and forth - much cheaper and easier than any Uranov-6, etc.
      In general, the main issue of such developments is the correct price-quality-efficiency ratio. And in almost all articles about such systems, they are tactfully silent about their cost.
      1. viktorch
        viktorch 2 November 2017 20: 40 New
        0
        everything is needed, and kits - modules for conventional equipment allowing remote control,
        and controlled remote cart platforms like non-stocks - for delivering all kinds of things to dangerous areas without risk to humans, and automation systems for all this like autopilots allowing the machine to reach its destination in case of loss of connection or return to the pick-up point, and military networks allowing to drive through them control channels of similar equipment to stationary points, as for the same amers, small drones are getting fat in the direction of maximum automation and minimize the load of mobile operators.
      2. Botanologist
        Botanologist 8 November 2017 22: 21 New
        0
        Quote: TechnoID
        until the current remotely controlled platforms turn into more or less full-fledged robots, a similar product in battle and reconnaissance


        Are you ready to go into battle with a full-fledged robot armed with Cord or AGS? I would beware. And then, as if his neighbors did not become disposable during a short circuit.
  5. viktorch
    viktorch 2 November 2017 13: 33 New
    0
    concept of norms, it is necessary to introduce

    but 3 km is not serious, the operator on the front line is not very good, a mine can fly, you need at least 10k to a mobile control post, and support for repeaters to a stationary one.
    I didn’t notice characteristic details on the case in the pictures, in the form of laser or other sensors - accordingly there is no autopilot for the intersection, now it’s a bad man, at least for a transporter.
  6. Serzh_R
    Serzh_R 2 November 2017 17: 14 New
    0
    A good remote-controlled trolley with a radio-controlled trigger, online video transmission and increased reliability. We need to start somewhere.
  7. sd68
    sd68 25 January 2018 22: 36 New
    0
    There is great doubt about the possibility of moving the cart with such a small base over rough terrain, and even with a remote operator.
    will go into the ditch and just get stuck
  8. antivirus
    antivirus 25 February 2018 17: 32 New
    0
    and it all started with a simple "students of the Kovrov branch of the VPI suggested ..." soon became a university and then became an independent academy ..
    have thrown a lot of options over 25 years-- which MO will choose