Military Review

Project news SVTS / IL-276

In accordance with existing plans, in the foreseeable future, a new type of military transport aircraft, developed as part of the ATSS project, will have to enter the air forces. At one time, the process of creating such a technique was dragged out pretty much, but by now the main problems have been solved, and in the near future the necessary technical documentation should appear. Just the other day aviation industry announced plans for the ATSS project.

On the last day of October, the TASS news agency published a lengthy interview with a representative of the Aviation Complex named after S.V. Ilyushin. The journalist of the publication spoke with Igor Bevzyuk, who heads the work on the topic “Medium-scale military transport aircraft”, and received a number of very interesting information. As it turned out, by now the project has managed to move forward and soon the work will be transferred to a new stage, bringing the moment of adoption of the technology into operation.

I. Bevziuk recalled that the idea of ​​creating a medium transport aircraft for the Air Force, capable of replacing the outdated An-12 and other similar techniques, appeared at the turn of the eighties and nineties. At that time, the company "Ilyushin" conducted a theoretical study of a promising project, but this work stopped. Due to certain reasons, it was not possible to get fundamental advantages over the existing or alternative equipment, because of which the project was stopped.

Project news SVTS / IL-276
The proposed appearance of the aircraft SVTS / IL-276

In the future, alternative development projects of an average transport worker developed by other organizations were developed. However, at the beginning of the last decade, the Russian industry again had to return to the IL aircraft. In addition, the Indian side showed its interest in such a project. According to the results of fairly long-term joint work, Russia and India formed requirements for a promising aircraft called MTA or MTS (Multipurpose Transport Aircraft). In the future, there were some difficulties of a technical nature, because of which the work actually stopped. However, according to I. Bevziuk, the Indian side has not yet documented the refusal of such a project.

Despite these events, the Russian Air Force continued to experience the need for medium military transport aircraft capable of replacing the existing An-12 with a terminating resource. In 2014, the aviation complex to them. Ilyushin proposed the Russian Ministry of Defense to expand work under the SVTS program. At the same time, in the requirements for technology it was planned to take into account only the needs of the Russian customer, excluding any Indian influence. Soon it was decided in principle to develop a new project.

Reportedly, preliminary design work on the subject of SVTS was carried out by the designer on an initiative basis. In addition, the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Industry and Trade agreed on a draft tactical and technical specifications for such an aircraft. However, the approval and approval process is not yet complete. Completion of this stage of the program will allow to continue the work with obtaining the desired results.

It is noted that at the moment a promising military transport aircraft has no official designation. The project of the machine being developed under the SVTS program is still working, IL-276. Later, in accordance with the decision of the customer, this name may become official or change. Anyway, the official designation of the future of the aircraft has not yet been determined.

I. Bevziuk described the plans of the Ilyushin company for the near future and distant future. In December, it is expected to begin the conceptual design of the new aircraft. The design work will take several next years. Not later than the start of 2023, the design, preparation for production and construction of the first prototype will be completed. The first flight of the prototype is scheduled for the first quarter of the 2023. The necessary checks are expected to be completed in 2025, and in 2026, troops will be able to receive the first serial SVTS.

To optimize the basic processes at the development stage, modern methods and design tools are used. Used CAD systems. In addition, already from the stage of preliminary design it is proposed to take into account the technological aspects of the project, logistics, operation and maintenance, etc. Also, special attention is paid to the financial side of the project. Both the entire project as a whole and its individual components must correspond to a given cost price. One of the ways to solve such problems is the timely correction of identified deficiencies.

Earlier, representatives of the aviation industry described the possible appearance of the future "Medium Military Transport Aircraft", thanks to which it was already possible to draw up a rather detailed picture. In the latest TASS publication, the available data is refined and supplemented with some new details. From this it follows that the main technical features of the future aircraft have already been determined and are unlikely to change in the future.

According to official data, the project SVTS / IL-276 provides for the construction of a single-body high-flying plane with a T-shaped tail unit. From the point of view of the overall layout and aerodynamic appearance of the new aircraft will resemble existing machines of its class. Under the wing, two turbojet engines with the required characteristics will be installed on the pylons.

As told the representative of the aviation complex to them. S.V. Ilyushin, the first version of the SVTS project, provides for the use of the existing PS-90-76 engine, currently being installed on the upgraded IL-76. This engine has the necessary characteristics, and also reduces the risks of a technical nature. In the future, however, it is planned to replace PS-90А-76 engines with newer PS-14 products with different parameters. As soon as the new engines confirm their characteristics, they will be installed on production aircraft.

A military transport aircraft of a new type should receive a large cargo and passenger cabin. The dimensions of the payload compartment were determined taking into account the requirements of the armed forces and, in general, correspond to the characteristics of the Il-76 production vehicles. The cross section of the cabin does not change in comparison with the latter, while the length will be slightly reduced. According to previously published data, IL-276 will be able to take on board up to 20 t payload.

Depending on the configuration of the cargo compartment and the additional equipment used, it will have to transport goods, equipment or people. The presence of a tail ramp will provide the possibility of loading and unloading on the ground, as well as the parachute landing of cargo or people.

Earlier it was claimed that due to the smaller size and reduced in comparison with the IL-76 characteristics, the new SVTS will be able to transport a significant part of the existing cargo of the armed forces with significant savings. Thus, he will be able to take on all the tasks of the existing An-12, as well as partially “replace” the larger and heavier IL-76, which to a certain extent will increase the efficiency of the military transport aviation of aerospace forces.

The SVTS program provides for obtaining cruising flight speed at the level of 800 km / h. In terms of speed characteristics, the new IL-276 will be significantly ahead of the existing An-12, which will give known advantages. Practical range with maximum load should reach 2000 km; distillation - exceed 7 thousand. Km.

The design of the chassis and take-off and landing characteristics are determined in accordance with the requirements for the operation of equipment at various aerodromes. In particular, the aircraft will be able to work on unprepared and unpaved runways.

Mock-up of the MTA / MTS aircraft demonstrated in the past

According to already known data and a recent interview with the project manager, the SVTS aircraft will be equipped with airborne defenses. How exactly it is proposed to protect it from possible threats - not specified. Apparently, for the defense will be used electronic warfare. It is also possible to use the cannon fodder traditional for domestic transport workers.

I. Bevziuk in his recent interview noted that the SVTS / IL-276 aircraft is considered, first of all, as a transport vehicle. At the same time, it will actually become a platform that can be used for various purposes. Probably in the future there may be a draft aircraft tanker on the basis of the original military transport vehicles.

To date, the developers have chosen the future builder of new technology. An experienced and serial "Medium military transport aircraft" will be built in the workshops of the Aviastar-SP enterprise in Ulyanovsk. This plant has already mastered the production of IL-76МД-90А serial heavy machines, and in the foreseeable future its product range will be replenished with promising average IL-276.

There are already certain plans in terms of the volume of serial construction. As stated earlier, during the first years of production, the industry would have to transfer to the customer several dozen serial SVTS aircraft. At first, the main task of mass production will be the replacement of obsolete An-12 machines, the operation of which is completed in connection with the development of a resource. According to known data, a little more than a hundred of such aircraft are currently being operated in Russia, and all of them will need replacing in the medium term. The number of available An-12 allows you to submit approximate order volumes for SVTS / IL-276, designed to replace them.

After the complete replacement of obsolete aircraft, the mass production of promising technology may continue. According to experts, medium military transport aircraft of the type developed by Ilyushin may be of interest to commercial customers from our country and foreign countries. The demand for such equipment is great, and the domestic industry can expect to receive new contracts.

Reports of recent years about the project "Medium Military Transport Aircraft" are a cause for optimism. The development of the project, whose roots go back to the end of the eighties, was seriously delayed, and so far it has not been able to produce the desired results. However, the need for a middle-class transporter remained, which led to another attempt to create such a machine. According to recent data, to date, this project is close to the start of preliminary design.

The design and development work on the SVTS will be completed in the first half of the twenties, and in the middle of the decade the development company plans to transfer the first production aircraft to the customer in the person of the Ministry of Defense. Thus, even if several decades after the start of work, the armed forces will still be able to obtain the required equipment and use it to replace outdated machines with a developed resource.

On the materials of the sites:
Photos used:
Aviation Complex. S.V. Ilyushin, Wikimedia Commons
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    RASKAT 2 November 2017 07: 56
    I don’t want to criticize the project very much, but you would have configured IL-112 and 114 for a start and then taken on a larger plane. The PD-14 engine has not yet made a single flight. Not to mention the PD-14M, which is supposedly planned to be put on this plane, or are they planning to build the IL-276 first under the PS-90A? Moreover, it seems that they planned to build the plane in Irkutsk, will the plant be pulled? In my opinion, it is doubtful that the plant is already inundated with orders, especially in the light of future orders for the MS-21 and SU-34. If you pull, what is the honor and respect. good If not, you need to invest additionally in the expansion of Irkutsk or in the modernization of some other plant, and these are qualified personnel and equipment. Will the budget give money for it if the demand for this aircraft will be only on behalf of our Ministry of Defense? There is still need to think recourse
    1. Stirbjorn
      Stirbjorn 2 November 2017 10: 32
      Quote: RASKAT
      The PD-14 engine has not yet made a single flight. Not to mention the PD-14M, which is supposedly planned to be put on this plane, or are they planning to build the IL-276 first under the PS-90A?
      Well, if only the project documentation was completed in 2023, then everything will be clear with PD-14, because the first MS-21 with this engine is promised to be built after 2020. It is surprising in general that there have already been developments with Indians, and such terms now give, like as if everyone starts from 0
      1. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 2 November 2017 10: 52
        In December, it is planned to begin preliminary design of a new aircraft. The design work will take the next few years. No later than the beginning of 2023 the design, preparation for production and construction of the first prototype machine will be completed. The first flight of the prototype is planned for the first quarter of 2023. It is supposed to complete the necessary checks in 2025, and in 2026 the troops will be able to get the first serial SBCS - from the article

        Almost 10 years. Long. During this time, a lot of water leaks.
        It seems that the skills of aircraft manufacturers of large aircraft in Russia have been lost over the years of collapse and downtime. The old professional cadres are gone, and the new ones have not yet acquired the appropriate qualifications. 10-15 years are necessary for the development of professionalism of engineers, and then when there is someone to learn from.
        It was easy to ruin everything, but now restore the lost. “The market will resolve everything” - pooh ruined.
        1. creak
          creak 2 November 2017 14: 28
          Quote: vladimirZ
          Almost 10 years. Long. During this time, a lot of water leaks.

          By this time, either the donkey or the emir can .... well, say, change, and with them the priorities .. How many times have the work on the project been suspended - well, why will it be different next? The new MO will introduce a new form (first thing, first thing epaulettes, and then transport) then - there will be other "urgent expenses" and there will be no money left for the plane .... Then the most dodgy, with access to the governing body, will start a new project "not having analogues in the world "- how much steam has already gone into the whistles - therefore we still cannot bring real projects to mind ...
    2. g1v2
      g1v2 2 November 2017 13: 17
      Well, the line of transport aircraft should be complete. And in the position of the new medium transport, we still have a gap. Tc il 276 needed. It will be designed for 5 years, no less. During this time, silt 112 and silt 114 will already go into series and it will be possible to strengthen the team of designers of silt 276 with their teams.
      And about the workload I agree. Irkutsk alone will not cope. We have only 12 aircraft factories building airplanes, and most likely we will have to distribute the production of sludge of different models for municipal defense between all of them. request
    3. NIKNN
      NIKNN 2 November 2017 14: 06
      Quote: RASKAT
      If not, you need to invest additionally in the expansion of Irkutsk or in the modernization of some other plant, and these are qualified personnel and equipment.

      Vaso needs to be loaded, capacities are not loaded, or rather loaded only with global plans, I don’t know how much time ...
      appeared at the turn of the eighties and nineties. At that time, the Ilyushin company carried out a theoretical study of a promising project, but work stopped at this
      We still live on the backlogs of the USSR, but the backward country said ... what
      1. RASKAT
        RASKAT 2 November 2017 18: 15
        Vaso needs to be loaded, capacities are not loaded, or rather loaded only with global plans, I don’t know how much time ...

        VASO should build 2024 IL-14 96M before 400, the first should fly already in 2019. Let's see how they manage, plus IL-112. This generally can and should be stamped in a hundred pieces per year, almost all countries whose ANy-26s fly, crave new planes. Here only on this order you can get rich, whether almost 500 planes joke the market demand for such planes.
        1. groks
          groks 2 November 2017 21: 47
          VASO is still causing growing losses. For 2016, it seems to have reached 3,5 billion (in 15 it was 1,5). At what price will planes be then?
          Such issues cannot be resolved without the creation of an integrated system. Either we have a market and an invisible hand must cut off everything unprofitable, or something else. Other at the top is terrifying.
    4. Juborg
      Juborg 2 November 2017 22: 40
      Another blah blah blah and air shake! We need, but here we are coordinating, coordinating! We need it like air, but we will not give those tasks, this is on an initiative basis!

      The main thing is to understand, you won’t cook porridge with the Indians. They need Kaloshnikov assault rifles with metal shops, and we offer them to do a new airplane together.
  2. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 2 November 2017 09: 27
    Repetition of An-178 ... Same tasks, replacing the same aircraft ...
  3. Berkut24
    Berkut24 2 November 2017 10: 12
    I. Bevzyuk

    I want to believe in all these plans, but after the news from Ukraine, somehow the surname of the responsible person is annoying. I hope that premonitions deceive me ...
    1. Curious
      Curious 2 November 2017 17: 23
      Do not strain. Aleksey Rogozin, general director of IL and vice president of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC), said that Mr. Bevzyuk not only had extensive experience in aircraft manufacturing, but also proved his ability to fulfill complex technical tasks in the interests of the Ministry of Defense in a short time. Aircraft industry in good hands.
      1. Berkut24
        Berkut24 2 November 2017 18: 58
        Did Rogozin also say that Rogozin? I won’t sleep today ...
  4. andrewkor
    andrewkor 2 November 2017 12: 20
    And the C-130 flies and flies, with an endless upgrade like the Tu-95. Yes and new ones are being produced.
  5. ism_ek
    ism_ek 2 November 2017 12: 32
    Our army does not need such an aircraft. We don’t have so many distant objects to maintain the existence of which such aircraft are needed. The existing fleet of aircraft will last for a very long time. We are not going to get involved in wars like the Afghan one. The “Allies”, helping terrorists, will easily defeat us in such a war.

    The army has a need for large aircraft for the rapid and cheap transfer of large formations from one end of the country to the other.
    1. kirgiz58
      kirgiz58 2 November 2017 21: 20
      Quote: ism_ek
      We don’t have so many distant objects to maintain the existence of which such aircraft are needed.

      You have beguiled RUSSIA with Liechtenstein.
      Quote: ism_ek
      The army has a need for large aircraft for the rapid and cheap transfer of large formations from one end of the country to the other.

      Therefore, two small boxes are surely lucky with the Kamaz-scandal. wink To paraphrase: "all kinds of planes are needed, all kinds of planes are important"
      1. ism_ek
        ism_ek 9 November 2017 16: 19
        Quote: kirgiz58
        You have beguiled RUSSIA with Liechtenstein.

        Where should this plane fly? In the Arctic, we have fewer bases than fingers on the hand. For shorter distances there are helicopters.
        The advent of man-portable anti-aircraft missiles has made this class of aircraft unpromising.
  6. Bronevick
    Bronevick 2 November 2017 13: 55
    It would be better if the OCD on IL-106 began
  7. Sergey53
    Sergey53 2 November 2017 14: 49
    India just wanted a plane like IL-276, but ours insisted on IL-112 or 114. They seemed to abandon the joint project.
  8. sgrabik
    sgrabik 2 November 2017 14: 58
    The Aviastar plant in Ulyanovsk will be overloaded with the construction of the IL-476 and its modifications, and then the IL-276, the plant in Irkutsk will also be involved in the production of the MS-21, the most optimal choice for today is the VASO plant in Voronezh, it is not overloaded, it was engaged the assembly of IL-86, and IL-96 is still being assembled in small batches, besides this, they are now assembling An-48, An-58, which in their mass and dimensional characteristics are close to Il-276.
    1. groks
      groks 2 November 2017 21: 55
      Yes, I already wrote - VASO ... very bad. There, you first need to disperse the effector’s shoble, then pay off your debts, and then start working. Bastards managed to sell even a piece of the runway about ten years ago.
  9. Diverter
    Diverter 30 March 2018 21: 54
    I do not want to criticize the designers, but my opinion is this: shorten the 76th, remove 2 engines from it and reduce the wing and landing gear, respectively. Examples from the USSR: K700 and T150 tractors, An8 and An12 aircraft, AvtoVAZ 2108 and Tavria. THOSE. not develop from scratch. Again, unification will work. Cheaper content, etc., etc.
    1. TermNachTer
      TermNachTer 12 July 2018 12: 58
      Sometimes rework is more expensive than doing it from scratch.
      1. Diverter
        Diverter 19 July 2018 13: 26
        Not in this case. the wing and landing gear (if roughly) will undergo alterations and tests, since there is no point in changing avionics, the entire rear part from the wing to the fairing of guns, engines, cockpit, etc.