Military Review

No more than two words per page ... (or how to learn to write in HE)

82
Recently, several people have immediately sent me personal messages asking how best to write articles for the press. Like, you write one article per day for sure, and over the years. And you do not get bored, and your materials do not get worse. I want to try it myself, but I doubt that I can. In addition, any business has its own specifics. It is clear that there are "professional secrets", but maybe you will share at least a little ...



«Historical document". This album was started by the ambassadors of the publication of their first article in 1977. It ended in 1984 ...

What can I say about this? In the novel “The Shogun” by James Slavele, Jesuit Father Alvito transmits to the Protestant, that is, the heretic, to Captain Blacksorn, the Japanese-language dictionary is a book of tremendous value and says that knowledge belongs to God, not to man. That is, to spread it in any case is a pleasing and pleasing cause, but hiding knowledge is a great sin. And although I am an unbeliever, I completely agree with that. There was another funny case when my student asked me if I was hiding something from them in my stories about PR and advertising? They say that you don’t say everything because ... and you need to leave something to yourself? He had to explain to him that it was meaningless and he had to say everything. Because otherwise, when a person finds out what is not said, it will be bad to you, and besides, I have nothing to fear from competing with young people, because besides knowledge there is also experience, life experience, but I can’t pass it on.


My article from the newspaper "Penza truth" 1984 of the year. The editors asked to write. And what to write about when in the shops - bread, vodka and Afghan olives? And another three-liter cans of tomato juice and pickled squash. But ... "we are great, we are powerful, more sun, higher clouds!" I did find something to write about so that there really was, and ... the impression is good! Some citizens then came and asked: "And where is your ramp!"

So, let's begin. First of all, a few memories. Until the end of the first class, I myself did not read books. Mom, grandfather and grandmother read them to me, but the latter is not enough. And then, and then I often got sick, and my mother read to me at night such wonderful books as “The Head of Professor Dowell”, “The Last Man from Atlantis”, “The Invisible Man”, “War of the Worlds”, and they read me from children's books except for the "Little Humpbacked Horse", "Pinocchio" and "Cat's House" ... At school, already in the month of May, I was forcibly recorded in the library, and I discovered thin children's books for myself. I read one and ... immediately decided that I would become a writer (the volume ceased to scare!). And he began with the fact that he rewrote it all, replacing the names of the heroes, and some details. The plot - the salvation of a boy who fell into a swamp by stupidity, remained the same. Mom read and told me a terrible story about plagiarism, pointed out errors and added that I should not be a writer. Then I became convinced that everything was not so bad. But I only thought about writing somewhere at the institute when I prepared the first article in the magazine “Modelist-Designer”. It told how to make ship models (floating) from plasticine! Then this story was included in my first book, “From Everything at Hand,” but the editors refused it, “we will give it for review” - they wrote to me and “gave it away”.


The very first article from the local Kondolskoy newspaper. Once I was very proud of them ...

And then the whole family ended up in the village, where we were surrounded by the steppe to the horizon, mud to the knees and wildness (natural) in all respects. I remember all the time I was silently repeating to myself the words of the foreman Pugovkin from the movie “Operation“ s ”... -“ While our spacecraft are plowing the expanses of the Universe ”and then your mother, mother, mother ...

Among other things, there was also very boring. Therefore, the first thing I bought was a typewriter “Moscow” and decided to write science fiction stories. But the school head teacher told me that her father constantly writes to the local newspaper "Kondolskaya Pravda" and receives "huge money" - four rubles 50 kopecks for the material! I personally already constantly lacked money, and I never understood those who say that in Soviet times it was possible to live well on 125 rubles. To live - yes! But “good,” I strongly doubt, although I received both twice and the second against it. But still for some reason it was not enough.


Nobody asked me what difficulties they had to face in the work of the school technical circle. “Proceed from local conditions!” Said the heads of all levels. But the results of the article were held on "Hurray!"

So I took the opportunity to earn extra money with enthusiasm and started writing articles to this newspaper. Moreover, the amount in 4,50 seemed to me insufficient, since a duck with a live weight in that village cost six rubles. Therefore, I tried to write articles at the limits of the newspaper’s possibilities and even got myself a special album where I put them. The first article was published in November 1977, so today I have a kind of anniversary - 40 years since the first publication.


It is not surprising that later I wrote the book "Of all that is at hand." On this model of the missile boat, the gun turret is made of needle bar, the radar is a deodorant cover, the rocket containers are pipes from the Potemkin battleship model, since it was possible to buy it for “creativity” by wire transfer. Well, the story of the local looped rugs fed me more than one year!

Then he realized that what is interesting for the condol residents might also be interesting for the readers of Penza Pravda, and began to write to the regional newspaper, and then to Soviet Mordovia and Soviet Russia. I only threatened the magazine in the 1980 year, when my toy was accepted into serial production, and I wrote about it to the Model Designer magazine. Then there were articles in the magazines “Club and amateur art activities”, “School and production”, “Family and school”, “Bonfire”, “Young technician”, “Technique-youth”. In 1987, the first book was published, in which many of the published articles were included in separate chapters. Well, after 1989, there were articles in England, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, Australia, Japan and the USA. The last article abroad was published in 2012 in England in the journal Battpleys, and it was devoted to the current state of the Borodino field in this jubilee year.


And this is work on PenzObSYuT. Although I did the electronic examiner in my Pokrovo-Berezovskaya school. It was something impressive! Panel with five rows of toggle switches in each row of five pieces and five light bulbs on the side. At the top of the place for questions. Against tumblers - the answers. Turn the dial to choose the answer. If correct - the light bulb is lit! Who just did not show it. But workers have been reluctantly tested on it. Used in history, physics, mathematics, chemistry, and even Russian. Practically the first quick test system. In the bottom photo, my boys with their vibro-trails, for the first time in Penza’s history, received gold medals from the VDNKh of the USSR. Vibrohod in my hands was intended for the study of Venus. It was demonstrated at the "Cosmos" competition in 1982 year ... and has not lost its relevance today. It was told about him in the book "For those who love to make."

In 1991, I began to publish my magazine “Tankomaster”, then collaborate with the magazines “Technics and Armament”, “World of Technics for Children”, “Science and Technology” (Ukraine), “Secrets of the Twentieth Century” and a number of others, as well as five online publications, of which only one - "Military Review" survived until today (a loud knock on wood!). How many articles were published during this time? Only from 2012 of the year to this day - 1250, but it is impossible to calculate exactly all the time. A few thousand, I guess. So, sharing experience is a must, not everyone has it ...

Well, the “lesson” itself should start with the “good letter” rule, which is: “NO TWO TO THE SAME WORDS ON ONE PAGE”. Neither nouns, nor adjectives, nor pronouns ... Identical words should be ruthlessly deleted and replaced, unless there is a certain meaning in their repetition ("Learn, learn, learn!"). In the books they write that it is necessary to work out a plan, think over the composition and you all did it and got “on a stick” because the eye clings to the same words and the text rejects the mind. There was an article "Fog-index - how effective weapon impact on mass audiences ”(https://topwar.ru/110669-fog-indeks-kak-effektivnoe-oruzhie-vozdeystviya-na-massovye-auditorii.html), and so there it was described in detail how such a sloppy text can be used in the work of specialists in public relations and how to prevent such repetitions.

It's funny that in itself this requirement is NOT COMPLETE !!! But this is the ideal to strive for. Well, the Pareto principle tells us the following: for 80% of readers it is not so important what is written, but very important how. It is from this that we must proceed! Then you should see how the articles of other authors written in this journal were written. And ... write about the same! It is necessary to avoid both very long sentences - “read to the end, forget the beginning”, and “chopped phrase”. Of course, it was a chopped phrase, that is, short sentences, that the novel by A.N. Tolstoy "Aelita", but we are with you to Tolstoy, in any case, far away and therefore we should not take him as an example.

When writing a text, you need to pronounce it about yourself, as if you were telling it to your friend. The “story” goes well - you are well done, something went wrong, “foggy” - take a rest and start anew. It is important to “get a hand”, which, by the way, is very easy. It is necessary to write only two pages of А4 format per day. This is the advice of Arthur Haley, and he understood a lot about the writing of “face texts”. And I, for example, go to work on foot: 30 minutes there and the same back. At the same time I pronounce to myself almost the entire text. I remember him. Then it remains only to transfer it to the screen. The finished text should be postponed for three days and then looked with fresh eyes. Style errors and mistakes always come up.

Further, it is very important to remember the three rules of William Hirst, who is also called the “father of the yellow press”. These rules are very simple. Since, as Hearst believed, human nature is imperfect, the materials intended for people of such nature should include three themes that excite them most of all. The first is the fear of death, as if you didn’t play the box yourself, as others played there - that is, the topic of wars, crimes and accidents. Because the first thought of a person who reads about it is relief: “How nice that it didn’t happen to me!” The second topic is reproduction! For this is the main thing and the goal of the human race - to multiply and extend itself in children. Therefore, everything related to love is interesting. And finally, the third theme is the theme of self-worth and domination over others. “Well, they are stupid!” Exclaims Zadornov and everyone is happy. There is someone who is worse than us! That is why articles about digging the Black Sea, the superethnos of the Rus, the ancient Hyperborea and the Egyptian pyramids, the graves of Russian princes, are so popular today. It would be necessary to write why in Germany, who lost the war, the pension for 1000 euros for men and 500 for women, but we, the winners, did not have the average pension next to it, but then how would you feel its importance? No And if you read about the significance, at least some, then adrenaline will stand out and happiness will be stupid. Not surprisingly, for this adrenaline thrill they are ready to fight the foam at the mouth. And it would be nice to know how the story about the collapsed water park ended, the boy who was sucked into a pipe in another water park, about houses with cracks built in Siberia after floods and fires, but only about this “in the newspapers dull write.


This is my first article in the magazine Model Designer published in the spring of 1980. The photo is bad, but the toy turned out just awesome. On beautiful pylons, engines in red slug-like containers were strengthened. Vibrators - red plastic discs. The cosmonaut's cabin is “branded”. The car moved perfectly on a flat floor and even maneuvered like a tank. But ... The Penza toy factory has not been able to master it!

In any case, the conclusion is this: if the article has one such topic - it is good, two is excellent, all three are present - wonderful.

Now, a little about plagiarism, and then many of them have an idea about school in school, and there many “teachers” had (and have!) Just triplets, who themselves never wrote anything. So really this concept ... does not exist. Plagiarism is not the ideas and stories, imitations and parodies. Also, it is necessary to distinguish from plagiarism the observance of certain canons and traditions, work within the framework of stylistic standards and the use of literary patterns. Plagiarism should not be confused with the ideological, artistic or scientific continuity, development or interpretation of works of art or intellectual activity. It should be understood that all works of science and art in one degree or another are also based on previously created works. That is, the only kind of plagiarism is the text at the level of 100% borrowing and with a foreign name instead of yours. But if you took someone else's article and remade it with the level of novelty 92% according to the Antiplagiat system, then ... what kind of plagiarism is this? You worked, you invested your work, your thoughts in this material. And "just" to rewrite the text with a high level of novelty will not work. It is necessary to bring something of your own into it - views, new facts, different from the authors, examples. In the end, it will be your material. If there are quotes in the material, the novelty level may be reduced to 75%. For example, this is the level of novelty accepted in many universities, including our Penza State University for the WRC - final qualifying work for a bachelor's degree. The same level of novelty is considered acceptable by some Russian publishing houses of popular science literature. But not less!


For those who are really interested in the topic of online journalism, I, along with my colleagues in the department, prepared the textbook “Internet Journalism and Internet Advertising”. The book has just come out of print and you can order it without any problems. Among the authors are one candidate of historical sciences with experience in the field of PR and 22 advertising, Ph.D., a specialist in the field of everyday creation and a candidate of economic sciences, a specialist in online advertising.

It is important to find a good name for your material. Of course, one cannot call the article “Putin was fined for fast driving,” and then write in the text that he is the namesake of the president from the city of Zhmud. This is a typical "yellow press" technique. Going down to this is not respecting yourself. The titles should be meaningful, “speaking”, but also not contain deception and not mislead the reader.


An article about communist subbotnik was published on 12 on April 1984 of the year. As a teacher in the history of the CPSU, I was simply obliged to write such articles and wrote. For such articles in the department praised. For articles about the store scolded. They say that the assistant department of the history of the CPSU should not write about it. It is clear that this is "for sausage." Well, it was “for the sausage”, but what's wrong with that? At that time, our oblast newspaper paid 25 rubles for an article of this size. Money is decent. But more than one such a month from a freelance author did not take.

Still very profitable translations. When translating, especially free, authorship is lost simply by itself. Due to the peculiarities of the English language, when translating into Russian, their sentences and texts should be lengthened by 20%, and vice versa - shortened accordingly. As a result, the text changes very much. That is, the journalist-switchman is ideal in this case - “there” our information, interesting to them, here their information, interesting to us. The novelty level usually approaches 100%.

Here, in fact, all the technology. All the rest is already your knowledge and intelligence.
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  1. Korsar4
    Korsar4 8 November 2017 07: 10 New
    15
    Interesting. How much time do you take for writing an article?

    Or is Parkinson's Law in force - "All the time allotted for work?"
    1. kalibr
      8 November 2017 07: 55 New
      20
      So it means: if the topic is ready, thought out, and there is a mood, then at 8 thousand characters 40 minutes. Then rest. But 8 thousand is not enough, usually 9-10,12 therefore takes an hour and a half. But then the hardest part begins. Search for "pictures". Sometimes, on the contrary, it is a pleasure. Especially if you conceived an article in advance for a year or two and everything gradually gathered in a folder. In this case, their placement is SIMULTANEOUS with writing. That is, in the end, when everything is there - a maximum of two hours. Worse, when something is missing - mood, design, time. I didn’t write on time - but the mood for this text flew away. And then ... time 2-3 days leaves. But since there are a lot of them, the archive is huge, you can always dig something up "by heart". Sometimes the topic is suggested by readers. Here's how this time.
  2. XII Legion
    XII Legion 8 November 2017 07: 40 New
    23
    Not only the impressions of a specialist are interesting
    But also practical recommendations
    You need to write only two A4 pages per day. The finished text should be postponed for three days and then look with fresh eyes. Style errors and errors will always come up.

    It is important. And it’s probably better to read 2-3 times
    In 1991, I began to publish my magazine Tankomaster.

    Until now, I have kept the pilot release of Tankomaster and several subsequent issues, as well as the filings of Model Designer for many years. Great magazines and good times, in the sense that people wrote magazines and read a lot. Interested in.
    Unfortunately, the trend is this: the more sources of information, the less the person’s desire to receive this information. And before they searched, got, photocopied ...
    Thanks to the author for the master class.
    Interestingly
    1. Olgovich
      Olgovich 8 November 2017 09: 39 New
      13
      Quote: XII Legion
      You need to write only two A4 pages per day. The finished text should be postponed for three days and then look with fresh eyes. Style errors and errors will always come up.
      It is important. And it’s probably better to read 2-3 times

      That's right!
      But I try to write, after all, the ENTIRE text of the article right away: albeit in draft form, but so that it is finished.
      And then set aside for a couple of days without reading. Then the opportunity arises to read oneself “from the side”.
      If everything is clear and interesting to you, the eye does not stumble - you can send.
      The unconditional master of the Russian word in VO is, in my opinion, Elena Gromova
      1. Curious
        Curious 8 November 2017 10: 02 New
        +8
        "But I try to write, all the same, the WHOLE text of the article at once" ...
        Sorry to bother you, but where can I find samples of your work?
        1. The comment was deleted.
  3. Alceers
    Alceers 8 November 2017 07: 43 New
    12
    Caliber turns the site into a garbage can. This is not your Instagram with classmates. You still write how in the morning went to the latrine and with what facial expression they crap.
    Are you also writing fan letters from your accounts? How are those laudatory posts to your articles that you scribbled on a carbon copy?
    1. Just a man
      Just a man 8 November 2017 09: 19 New
      +8
      I read the article, the author is just a modest. I immediately remembered a typical hero from The Golden Calf - “Thus, Lokhankin’s long-running thoughts came down to a pleasant and close topic:“ Vasisualiy Lokhankin and its significance ”,“ Lokhankin and the tragedy of Russian Liberalism ”,“ Lokhankin and his role in the Russian revolution ”
      1. Mikado
        Mikado 8 November 2017 11: 24 New
        +5
        Lokhankin was an unproductive parasite. hi
      2. antivirus
        antivirus 8 November 2017 12: 43 New
        +4
        each has its own Cannes and revolutions. And even thoughts, but splashing them out is ... hehe
        CREATE YOUR TEACHING-MUCH, people build a house. raise a son (without daughters?) and sow a tree (oak grows for a long time. therefore they sack a Christmas tree and a birch)
        EVERYONE LIVES THEIR LIFE.
        FOR EVERY WANDER IN THE WORLD.
        "RED ROWAN COSTER BURNS IN THE GARDEN ..."
    2. Olgovich
      Olgovich 8 November 2017 09: 41 New
      17
      Quote: Alceers
      Caliber turns the site into a garbage can. This is not your Instagram with classmates. You still write how in the morning went to the latrine and with what facial expression they crap.
      Are you also writing fan letters from your accounts? How are those laudatory posts to your articles that you scribbled on a carbon copy?


      The article is interesting, like many other articles by the author.
      I read with pleasure!
      1. badens1111
        badens1111 8 November 2017 11: 26 New
        +6
        Quote: Olgovich
        I read with pleasure!

        That's right, you take everything from there-
        Quote: Olgovich
        Caliber turns a site into a garbage can

        An awkward position, let’s put it bluntly, and the occupation in garbage dumps is not to be picked at all ... Is there really nothing to do in Moldova?
        For example, it would be interesting to read the opinion of Olgovic about beautifully blossoming Moldova until 1913, then reasoning about the “horror” of 30-40, then no less horrors about the events before 90 and to hear a song about the triumph of democracy and the blossoming Moldavian Republic today .. where the current President , they call it inadequate for two hours and sign a bamag about the appointment of a pro-Western minister, to the post of Minister of Defense ...
        1. kalibr
          8 November 2017 12: 43 New
          +6
          You know my supervisor prof. Until 1952, Medvedev worked in the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldova (department head). He wrote a dissertation there and he was able to document the illegality of the repression and dispossession of 10.000 Moldovan peasants after the accession of Moldova to the USSR. But 10.000 is housekeeping, and there were much more people in them. And they all lost their property, health, and even life. And he proved it. And how many ... did not prove, because I did not find the documents, but were they? Of course 10.000 is not a million. But these are also people, and not the worst, not thieves, not murderers ... And it was said even when: "dishonesty committed by one servant of the law to a certain extent dishonors the whole law!" And what kind of law was this and what kind of servants were these? And you can read about the biography of this person on Wikipedia - Aleksey Ivanovich Medvedev and in the article of Professor Kabytyv - is also on the network.
          1. The comment was deleted.
        2. kush62
          kush62 23 February 2018 20: 30 New
          0
          badens1111 November 8, 2017 11:26 ↑
          Quote: Olgovich
          I read with pleasure!
          That's right, you take everything from there-
          Quote: Olgovich
          Caliber turns a site into a garbage can
          If you carefully read, and not seek out executives. then you can see that this wrote:
          Alseers November 8, 2017 07:43
          Caliber turns a site into a garbage can
  4. Golovan Jack
    Golovan Jack 8 November 2017 07: 52 New
    11
    Hmm ...
    Like, you write one article per day certainly, and over the years

    This is written by a person who, like, is a writer of articles and books and a teacher of something somewhere.
    Nevertheless, he does not know the Russian language and "writes with ashipkame."
    You can no longer read further request
    1. kalibr
      8 November 2017 08: 09 New
      14
      Yes, this is my misfortune, alas, but there are many people who write without them. But ... they don’t give any information either. But publishers have proofreaders ...
      1. Golovan Jack
        Golovan Jack 8 November 2017 15: 07 New
        +9
        Quote: kalibr
        There are many people who write without them. But ... and do not give any information

        Inspired by:
        Quote: Proverb
        You will not praise yourself - figs you will wait

        Nothing personal, just errors in the text annoy. And so - you can write in Albanian, anyway the information was abundant laughing
        1. kalibr
          8 November 2017 16: 02 New
          +7
          About the errors I agree completely. But ... when you have to write a lot, the eye is "blurred" and you see no errors. This is a sad phenomenon. You have to deal with it like this. Set aside material and return to it of the day through 2-3. It helps, but not always. To me - not always. In addition to articles, one has to write books, various, and work programs (15 pieces on 32 pages in each). Sometimes the text is red from underlining, you sit and correct everything in a row.
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 9 November 2017 00: 48 New
            +2
            Vyacheslav Olegovich! I’ll tell you a terrible secret, with a print speed of 100 characters per minute, everyone writes with errors, even Verbitskaya. And therefore - do not worry about it!
            1. Mikado
              Mikado 9 November 2017 12: 31 New
              +1
              all errors have a lot when typing quickly, I check each comment first before posting it, because it also suffices. request
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 8 November 2017 07: 55 New
    +4
    that is, in short sentences, A.N. Tolstoy "Aelita"
    .... Soviet writer Dobychin L.I. there was a master in writing short stories with short sentences .. To write, you need to adapt to the requirements of the time ...
  6. kalibr
    8 November 2017 07: 59 New
    10
    Quote: Alceers
    Are you also writing fan letters from your accounts? How are those laudatory posts to your articles that you scribbled on a carbon copy?

    It’s not you who I have; you’ll ask these people why they write like that. Site rules do not allow the creation of virtual doubles. All this is easily verified. You could better think that my students write all this under dictation. That would be more like the truth.
  7. Alceers
    Alceers 8 November 2017 08: 15 New
    +5
    Quote: kalibr
    All this is easy to verify.

    Exactly! And if the commentator has only a few posts and all of them praise the wisest caliber, then the diagnosis is unambiguous. Graphomaniac with acute narcissism.
    1. kalibr
      8 November 2017 08: 40 New
      14
      I’m not going to dispute your opinion, I would hardly have succeeded, but it consoles me that numerous publishers, editors and reviewers do not share this opinion. And no more. And what is the result? Your words will not change anything. You will only amuse me and many other people. Moreover, as a PR specialist, I can tell you that just such comments are very desirable and you must give them in order to ... (explain for a long time, but it is necessary!). So it just might be that you are my virtual double or are you writing all this by prior conspiracy? Haha
      1. Mikado
        Mikado 8 November 2017 11: 20 New
        +8
        So it just might be that you are my virtual double or are you writing all this by prior conspiracy?

        no, this is your former student, you gave him a deuce personally.
        As for the concept of "plagiarism" and its philosophical component, thoughts also went with me. Yes, all the first discoveries are made by three professions: scientists, inventors (close to the first profession) and archaeologists. The rest, one way or another, is a narrative in your own words. request The article is valuable for a beginner, I bow! hi
        1. kalibr
          8 November 2017 12: 46 New
          +9
          You know, dear Nikolai, I have ceased to put deuces at all so long ago that I don’t even remember when I put the last one. So this is unlikely ...
          1. Mikado
            Mikado 8 November 2017 12: 50 New
            +7
            that I don’t even remember when I put the last one.

            Vyacheslav Olegovich, this you do not remember. And he remembers! stop
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 9 November 2017 00: 53 New
      +2
      It’s cool, am I not Shpakovsky’s “alter ego”?
      1. Mikado
        Mikado 9 November 2017 12: 10 New
        0
        no, he has a bunch of other Alter ego that he can fight with for a week, including weekends and church holidays. wink Yes, even the Good Doctor! drinks The two of them coexist remarkably, they agree with each other, and just that - one grabs the samurai sword, draws another scalpel, and fastens the hat with the bandage so that only angry eyes are visible. laughing and the alter ego of BH is the Most Reverend. drinks Sorry, you did not see what discussions were at the beginning of the year! Oh, good old days .. will they come back? crying
  8. OAV09081974
    OAV09081974 8 November 2017 08: 35 New
    26
    The article is devoted to the technical nuances of writing works - through the prism of the creativity of a particular person, V. O. Shpakovsky. Which I personally consider the patriarch and the pro in this matter.
    In 90, he read and reread the works of A. B. Shirokorad on artillery and V. O. Shpakovsky on knives and knights of the east.
    I think that it is not a sin to learn from such “mastodons” of a pen.
    I personally like the texts of Vyacheslav Olegovich for figurativeness and informativeness. Vigorously and at the same time unobtrusively.
    After all, it’s not always to write only about the subject, you also need a “debriefing”.
    When an author with such an experience shares the peculiarities of a technology, it is worth “reeling on a mustache”. wink
    Thank you hi
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 8 November 2017 12: 15 New
      15
      In 90, he read and reread the works of A. B. Shirokorad on artillery and V. O. Shpakovsky on knives and knights of the east.

      I recently flipped through the issues of the magazines "Technology and Armaments" for the 90s. Among the authors come across iconic figures, sometimes in the same issue. Shirokorad - artillery, Svirin - tanks, Shpakovsky - a little-known model of equipment, for example, Italian tanks of the 2MB era or the "Bob Sample". I want to say that the author of the article generally gave our reader a lot of new information that the reader did not know before. On Bronesayte Chobitka (which is also a great popularizer of tank history, for which special thanks to him), several articles in their original form are, again, Shpakovsky. hi that is, the work done is really huge.
      1. Looking for
        Looking for 8 November 2017 16: 56 New
        0
        But it doesn’t seem to you. That 100% of articles on foreign technology are simply TRANSLATED !!! articles, unscrupulously given out by the translator as their own. Because it is unlikely that detailed information on foreign models of military equipment is stored in the Soviet-Russian archives.
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 8 November 2017 17: 53 New
          +3
          That 100% of articles about foreign technology are simply TRANSLATED !!! articles, UNKNOWNLY issued by a translator

          Alexander, have you read carefully? hi today's article and my comment? I will translate: V.O. Shpakovsky introduced the domestic reader to a large amount of information that had not existed in Russia before. Did he translate - yes, translate, most likely, but he wrote everything in his own words, inserted pictures with signatures, etc. hi Who else would introduce you to this information? The New Zealand Embassy request to do? they say "please send us a description of the Bob Sample tank with a photo. We are now from 1991, we are ours, we are a bourgeois ..., pah, democratic"But no one did this! And the Author used literature in a foreign language. The same was with other models of technology about which information was extremely scarce. To diminish Shpakovsky’s merits to the Russian-speaking audience in the sense of replenishing her knowledge? No. Let’s take the Chobitka I mentioned. The owner of the site posted a bunch of other people's articles and photos, but his armored website was leading in his time! Does his merits derogate from the fact that other people's articles? No, again.
          I emphasize once again - only the inventor, scientist, archaeologist is engaged in the discovery. Everyone else writes in the literature. hi
  9. Avenich
    Avenich 8 November 2017 09: 42 New
    +7
    This is my first article in the magazine "Model Designer" published in the spring of 1980.

    Paradox. At one time, approximately in the 3rd class, I built a similar "shuttlecock". According to the magazine "Young Technician". At that time, I drew attention to your article in the Modeler, but no more, age had already left, I had been designing other things by then. But, you can say that you were my correspondence teacher.
  10. BAI
    BAI 8 November 2017 09: 57 New
    +5
    It should be understood that all works of science and art to one degree or another are also based on previously created works.

    How is the classic?
    "You take it from the composer = you take it from the people. You take it from the people = you take it from yourself. And if someone says" plagiarism ", then I say -" tradition. "
  11. Curious
    Curious 8 November 2017 11: 34 New
    +5
    Reading an article, Mayakovsky recalled "How to make poetry?"
    If you rephrase it a bit, the writing of the article is provided by five components.
    The first one. The presence of a task in society, the resolution of which is promoted by the article, i.e. social order.
    The second one. Target setting.
    The third. Material. As Mayakovsky wrote: "The constant replenishment of storage facilities, sheds of your skull ..."
    Fourth. Equipment of the enterprise and production tools. This is how the proletarian poet saw it.
    "A pen, a pencil, a typewriter, a telephone, a suit for visiting an overnight stay, a bicycle for riding in the editorial office, an organized table, an umbrella for writing in the rain, a living space of a certain number of steps that you need to take to work, contacting the clipping office to send material on issues exciting the provinces, etc., etc., and even the pipe and cigarettes. "
    Fifth. "Word-processing skills and techniques, endlessly individual, coming only with years of daily work."
    If you take an article on the "brushhide", it will look something like this.
    Social order - to give the basics of engineering thinking to schoolchildren.
    The target setting is the development of children and youth technical creativity.
    Material. Words, terms, arranged in a systematic manner and reflecting a system of concepts in the field of engineering technology.
    Equipment. Typewriter, paper and further on the rider of each specific author - what he needs for fruitful work
    Well, the skills and techniques of literary creativity, or professional skills.
    I would add on my own that if the “writer” wants to achieve something professionally significant, then it will be very difficult to manage without criticism and without constant improvement in the topics that are written about.
    Even great champions have coaches for themselves.
    But criticism, even the most "malicious", must be constructive. Criticism like "You have a grade 4 of education, from books you read only a fairy tale about a kolobok, you suffer from bloated conceit, mental retardation, all known sexual perversions, you are a vile narcissist, an evil nerd who is completely unable to write and does not have any literary abilities" is not worth considering.
    1. kalibr
      8 November 2017 12: 49 New
      +5
      But what surprises me, Viktor Nikolaevich, is how you can understand everything so well - in areas unusual for your profession, and have such a high level of systematization of information, as well as the ability to structure it. You can only envy, and say - oh - I would ...
      1. Curious
        Curious 8 November 2017 13: 47 New
        +4
        Here you can briefly answer - if you have a burned out furnace in which about one and a half thousand tons of melt in the form of metal and slag, then without a high level of systematization and structuring of the information received and, accordingly, making the right decisions based on this information, you will ascend "under panfare" together with the whole workshop.
        In more detail, then, it seems, is an innate ability. Someone has a musical ear, someone draws ... Different people have different abilities. And the profession simply contributed to their development.
        In addition, I had to work not only in metallurgy. It happened that the marketing department of the joint Ukrainian-Korean consortium led (the advertising department included), and the production of gas-filled plastic products was built from scratch, and the mechanics were re-qualified as technologists. And after all this also work in the field of refractory production. In a word - gaining new knowledge in previously unknown areas and making decisions based on them (moreover, expensive) - it was kind of my job.
        By the way, in order to squeeze out investments from shareholders under a new project, you know what literary talent is needed!
        1. kalibr
          8 November 2017 13: 53 New
          +1
          This clarifies a lot, of course.
  12. Some kind of compote
    Some kind of compote 8 November 2017 11: 50 New
    21
    I am impressed by the overall performance of the authors
    And the author of this article in particular
    After all, after talking with the computer - extinguish the light, throw a grenade
    It is not surprising that everyone who works hard on a computer drinks a lot of coffee. And the heart must be protected.
    Generally vicious circle
    And the more valuable is the work of the authors of VO
    "NO TWO SAME WORDS ON ONE PAGE."

    laughing laughing Modern lawyers and politicians would say that
    I liked the article
    Thank you
  13. kalibr
    8 November 2017 12: 19 New
    11
    Quote: Some kind of Compote
    It is not surprising that everyone who works hard on a computer drinks a lot of coffee.

    Again your immodest experience. My wife invites me to drink coffee at about 11.00 - one small cup sometimes with a spoonful of cognac. And it's all! True, when the pressure drops - also coffee and chocolate. So I would not say that I drink a lot of coffee ...
    1. Some kind of compote
      Some kind of compote 8 November 2017 14: 03 New
      17
      Got it
      Yes, it seems that drinking coffee more than 2 times a day is undesirable. Especially for those who already have high blood pressure
      As for coffee with cognac, an excellent system, by the way, if in moderation.
      Your spouse well done good
  14. kalibr
    8 November 2017 13: 57 New
    +5
    Quote: badens1111
    The poorest part of the village, many collective farmers, as eyewitnesses to those events testified, generally reacted positively to what had happened.

    And do the starvationers, with this retinue, unite? This we have already passed. Who was nothing will become everything. And what happened in the end? Who was nothing, for the most part, and remained. And where is the lie?
    1. badens1111
      badens1111 8 November 2017 14: 12 New
      +3
      Quote: kalibr
      And do the starvationers, with this retinue, unite?

      Shpakovsky .. your snobbery will ever destroy you.
      1. kalibr
        8 November 2017 15: 52 New
        +6
        Sure no! For example, we had such an academician, Landau, and why didn’t he just say out loud http://ttolk.ru/2015/07/27/academic-landaussssr-–- this is fascist / and so what? Everything got away with him because ... he did a good job. I am not Landau, but I am not saying what he said. And I'm doing my job well too. So what are you talking about? What will locksmiths and retired majors, who are today security guards, take offense at me? For God's sake!
        1. Looking for
          Looking for 8 November 2017 17: 00 New
          +1
          Do you know that locksmiths and retired majors hit the face very hard? Very hard. And it happens, just like that, so that the nose does not bulge.
          1. Mikado
            Mikado 8 November 2017 17: 19 New
            +1
            and then write articles about creativity .. what Thank God, nobody promised me anything to break a week ago .. wink
            1. kalibr
              8 November 2017 18: 28 New
              +2
              Nikolay, quantity will sooner or later turn into quality. Everything is ahead of you!
              1. Mikado
                Mikado 8 November 2017 18: 40 New
                +1
                Nikolay, quantity will sooner or later turn into quality. Everything is ahead of you!

                Are you talking about the fact that after a certain number of hits received (you have already been warned, I’m on the line, Kurios took out a felt boot with a dumbbell, Marat calls a penguin drinker) will I look like the most charismatic Nikolai Valuev? belay Or will there be a sudden change in me, and I will start to operate with information no worse than Viktor Nikolaevich? wassat laughing and even better - like Mel Gibson, read women's thoughts! fellow winked
                1. kalibr
                  8 November 2017 22: 28 New
                  +2
                  Everything is possible!
              2. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 9 November 2017 01: 15 New
                +2
                That is, from.mmm. beat - certainly. Checked by Vyacheslav Olegovich! laughing
          2. Curious
            Curious 8 November 2017 18: 23 New
            +4
            Well, a fitter beating in the face is normal. But major! Only a duel. According to the Durasov Code, an insult to the first degree. The insulted gets the right to choose a weapon. Other conditions of the duel were determined by the agreement worked out by the seconds.
            I would choose SVD, a distance of 800 m.
            1. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 9 November 2017 01: 33 New
              +1
              I would prefer a “cornet”, in a confined space, at 25 m., With two shops (gentleman's set).
              1. Curious
                Curious 9 November 2017 02: 01 New
                +2
                Did you decide to duel with ATGM? Or with a rocket launcher? To offer a pneumatic pump and a rubber bowl for a duel - this is not serious! For ATGM 25 m is not enough. But the consequences of the hit, of course, are devastating. There will be no wounded. And to plant from a rocket launcher in the ass - it will not seem enough.
                1. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 9 November 2017 20: 48 New
                  0
                  It's to blame (but, excusably, after 10 hours of work, 1, 5 in traffic jams and 3 classes of any paper tops) Of course this is the "Cadet" CZ-75.
                  1. Curious
                    Curious 9 November 2017 22: 48 New
                    0
                    If it’s 5,56, then for me there is nothing better than MTSU Margolin.
              2. Mikado
                Mikado 9 November 2017 12: 20 New
                +2
                You do not need ATGM, you can handle the punch. fellow so-called "figured drilling". fellow
          3. kalibr
            8 November 2017 18: 23 New
            +3
            And you know that there is a law and there is an article for this, and now they require a certificate of good conduct at work, and they don’t take anyone with a criminal record for assault. I work at the Faculty of Law and my colleagues told me more than once how some others scolded, hit in the face, and then lay on their feet, just take the statement ...
            1. Curious
              Curious 8 November 2017 18: 31 New
              +3
              Yes, I completely agree with you. Fist in the face - it's rude. As one friend said: "Low class, unclean work." You need to beat gently, with something soft, such as felt boots, putting a small dumbbell in it.
              1. Mikado
                Mikado 8 November 2017 18: 43 New
                0
                You need to beat gently, with something soft, such as felt boots, putting a small dumbbell in it.

                You yourself dumbbells (for felt boots) with your own hands cast? hi wink
                1. Curious
                  Curious 8 November 2017 19: 01 New
                  +1
                  Yes, in our "Sports" they are full of what you want.
                  1. Mikado
                    Mikado 8 November 2017 20: 18 New
                    +1
                    damn, I thought something - the author’s thing, handwork from a professional metallurgist to himself with a dedication inscription ("dear Curios in good memory for admonishing the restless" love ), and you offer me some bullshit, still, probably, Chinese .. No. stop how not ashamed! negative drinks
                    1. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 9 November 2017 01: 55 New
                      +2
                      By the way, until the 14th year, Ukrainian metal rolling was very serious competition to the Russian, even in the Russian market.
              2. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 9 November 2017 01: 47 New
                +2
                Mmdaaa, Viktor Nikolaevich, although you are the only person who will compete with me in this botanical garden, you are terribly far from the people! Who with a felt boot and a dumbbell goes to the electorate? You offer to buy a brick! There are many other, less hematomic, ways to attract investment.
      2. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 9 November 2017 01: 10 New
        +1
        So where did you see snobbery here?
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 9 November 2017 01: 06 New
      +1
      Correct quotation: "The people of the cold calmed down, to the heap - gop!"
  15. kalibr
    8 November 2017 14: 02 New
    +4
    Quote: badens1111
    There were, so you try to prove, Shpakovsky, if at one time you were a party worker, you suddenly "saw" in 90, abruptly went over to strangers? What faith can be those who betrayed at least once, if it is known that the betrayer is doomed always betray.

    That is, the main thing was. And there was their cherishing system, which turned out to be ultimately inoperative. And what is betrayal here, clinging to what does not work, against what works all over the world and works well? How do you ... pull that one and others into House No. 6? Remember: beliefs must be changed according to the weather, like gloves! And at the same time focusing on God's will, without which nothing is impossible ... God has already said his "no" to the "scoop". Maybe you hope that he will change the decision? Well yes ... maybe ... why not. But I’m not sure of this, and therefore I’m doing what I’m doing. Your right to a citizen of the rule of law to have an opinion and act with him in accordance.
    1. Curious
      Curious 8 November 2017 14: 54 New
      +2
      “Remember: beliefs must be changed according to the weather, like gloves! And at the same time focus on God's will, without which nothing is impossible ...”
      Mutually exclusive things.
      The first one. A change of belief is from the field of neuro-linguistic programming (NLP), there is such a school in psychotherapy, its father is the famous Gregory Bateson. I would call him a scientist - an encyclopedist. True, not everything in his scientific work with a plus sign. In the USA there are about 100 different organizations of NLP, in Germany there are more than 70 large centers and institutes of NLP. This thing is just beginning to penetrate the post-Soviet space.
      As applied to beliefs, it reads as follows: “You can influence people as long as your words and instructions correspond to their beliefs. If any belief restricts your activity or prevents you from living, it's time to get rid of it.”
      The second one. The Orthodox Church considers the practice of NLP unacceptable, since it is contrary to God to use relations between people for personal success.
    2. Alexander Greene
      Alexander Greene 9 November 2017 00: 35 New
      0
      Quote: kalibr
      Remember: beliefs must be changed according to the weather, like gloves!

      A person who easily changes his beliefs "according to the weather" does not deserve respect. These are called "weather vane" - from where the wind blows, he looks there.
  16. kalibr
    8 November 2017 15: 32 New
    +2
    Quote: Curious
    This thing is just beginning to penetrate the post-Soviet space.

    It has long been penetrated and taught this. For example, in the framework of the specialty PR, we have advertising about etm ...
    1. Curious
      Curious 8 November 2017 16: 06 New
      +1
      Vyacheslav Olegovich! You must admit that “there is something about it” and it’s taught “- two big differences. Looking at the current advertisement, a natural question arises as to what they learn at all. Therefore, if you say that one of your students has read“ Steps towards the ecology of reason "- I will be surprised to the core.
      1. Mikado
        Mikado 8 November 2017 16: 34 New
        +1
        "Steps towards the ecology of the mind"

        Yes, you, Victor Nikolayevich, would be able to work as a medium. wink Just a preacher, just the opposite.
      2. kalibr
        8 November 2017 18: 26 New
        +3
        I agree that the difference! I agree that they probably didn’t read it, although they read a lot of all kinds of amazing books ... But in principle, this ... is not important. They do not work with you and not for you! They work with 80% of the population. And they know how to do it very well! Well, good enough. And no more!
  17. Antares
    Antares 8 November 2017 21: 48 New
    +4
    after reading the article, there was a desire to write about it. After reading the comments, the desire has disappeared laughing
    but nostalgia for what she saw did not disappear

    Galleon of Drake, boat of Pomors, karakka, Russian frigate, cruiser Aurora, Trier, Dzhonka, unfinished Potemkin and Retvisan ....
    and then I did not think about articles .. it was just interesting because of the books read the day before and the imagination of the child.
    Thank you for the pleasant memories (TM, UT, Lefty, etc.)
  18. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 9 November 2017 00: 18 New
    +3
    Bravo, Vyacheslav Olegovich! Once upon a time, about 30 years ago, in TM there was a scheme for writing an NF bestseller ... Very similar !!!! Although, on the subject of authoritative personalities cited by you, I would argue.
    1. Curious
      Curious 9 November 2017 00: 28 New
      +2
      This is where the chair and gravel turned into Tula Ravia (guillotining method?). So it was more than 40 years ago.
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 9 November 2017 00: 38 New
        +2
        No no no! In the period you describe, I didn’t always wipe my ass on my own. What I'm talking about is really the year 87-88, and either the TM, or the Ural Ranger.
        1. Curious
          Curious 9 November 2017 00: 43 New
          +3
          Here you go! With sciatica I had to climb into the closet.
          Ilya Varshavsky
          A GUIDANCE FOR FANTASTIC WRITERS OF ALL TIMES AND PEOPLES, FROM BEGINNERS TO MASTIVES INCLUDED. Technology of youth. - 1973.- 6.- P. 50-52.
          "Representatives of transitional civilizations, which might still take the right path, are given names by the guillotine method. For example, the dictionary searches for two of the most common words, say chair" and "gravel." Cutting off the first letters, you can call the hero Tul Ravius. Simple and elegant! "
          44 years ago.
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 9 November 2017 20: 22 New
            +1
            Yes, I don’t argue with you, and even more so with Warsaw! Just in June 73, I was 2 months old. And what I described, I saw already at a conscious age. It looked like an illustrated algorithm diagram. Stebalovo, of course, however, as an article by Warsaw, he was still a prankster.
  19. Alexander Greene
    Alexander Greene 9 November 2017 01: 38 New
    +3
    A small review that I promised Shpakovsky
    Shpakovsky’s article didn’t impress me at all, because, as the author wrote the articles, he didn’t tell you what he quoted here is advertising, beautification and boltology at the level of the evening of memories.
    This article is a description of semi-mental work at the artisan level, something like a furrier who makes belts out of leather, and at the same time makes money. Real scientists do not write such scientific articles. They first pose the problem, highlight the object and subject of research, set the goal, formulate the main task, divide it into auxiliary ones, put forward a hypothesis, etc.
    Therefore, let's better ask ourselves the question: Why is Shpakovsky so prolific ?.
    The answer is simple, he added up to nothing, felt for a gold mine on which you can make money without straining. He has enough themes from everywhere. And although his mother taught that plagiarism is not good, he did not listen to it, and in his activities did not disdain plagiarism, especially with translated articles and books by foreign authors.
    But after several scandals it was necessary from open plagiarism (copyright - rewriting the text one to one) refuse, but since Shpakovsky does not have his own thoughts, he turned to hidden plagiarism (rewrite), i.e. he takes someone’s article and rewrites other people's thoughts embedded in it in his own words. Of course, this is also work, but this is called parasitism.
    His colleagues in the workshop caught him more than once, but from Shpakovsky everything is like water off a duck, he is sure that rewrite program "anti-plagiarism"Not to reveal, but what colleagues say doesn’t give a damn about him, just to pay money. And so he so confidently defends the right to such authorship, convincing everyone that rewrite - this is not plagiarism.
    Real scholars do not have many articles, about 150-200 in their whole life, and here Shpakovsky boasted that “Only from 2012 to this day - 1250, but it’s impossible to calculate for all the time. Several thousand. But this is all a small thing, and many are written at the yellow press.
    As a scientist, he is weak, he does not know the methods of scientific research of historical events, but he wants to shine with erudition, and he molds the Pareto principle (80% to 20% ratio), which he didn’t understand, and therefore uses it incorrectly everywhere .
    His articles, especially on political and historical topics, are very weak, but in order to be read and talked about, he interprets archival material in his own way, abundantly flattering it with anti-Soviet.
    Therefore, I put a bold double minus to all Shpakovsky's articles.
    1. kalibr
      9 November 2017 07: 07 New
      +1
      And who told you that scientific articles are published at VO? There is a difference ... And the scientific ... they are at the E-lab, but this is not for everyone. And such yes, much less. And here is the craft, the craft of a journalist. And this is not a review. You still do not know how to write them. Touched - "weak" ... as if you read them. So smart people got it right. Stupid ones too.
      1. Alexander Greene
        Alexander Greene 9 November 2017 23: 21 New
        +1
        Quote: kalibr
        And who told you that scientific articles are published at VO? There is a difference ... And the scientific ... they are at the E-lab, but this is not for everyone. And such yes, much less. And here is the craft, the craft of a journalist.

        You are positioning yourself as a scientist and those who do not have a degree, you do not consider people. So, you are a poor scientist, and not a conscientious journalist, distorting facts, substituting concepts, appropriating other people's thoughts and even books, your book “If Hitler Took Moscow” was completely ripped off by David Downing “The Moscow Choice: An Alternative History of World War II”.
        So all your “works” are 20% hack-work, and 80% - plagiarism.
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 9 November 2017 21: 58 New
      +1
      "When a merchant in a fragile little vessel is sailing on a stormy sea, or a smuggler crawls along a narrow pole over an abyss - I see!, Honorable! PEOPLE EARN MONEY !!!! (The movie" Ordinary Miracle ") Is that embarrassing, mean? Or Do you eat prana? Who is Shpakovsky? That's right, a popularizer! Not at the Perelman level yet, but he has already died, and Vyacheslav Olegovich has everything ahead!
      1. Alexander Greene
        Alexander Greene 9 November 2017 23: 19 New
        +2
        Quote: 3x3zsave
        PEOPLE EARN MONEY !!!! (The film "Ordinary Miracle") Is that a shame, mean? Or do you eat prana? Shpakovsky who is he? That's right, popularizer!

        When everything turned upside down in the world, the speculator became a businessman, the plagiarist became a popularizer, though nobody likes thieves, but plagiarism is also theft, theft of intellectual property.