Military Review

"Global Thunder" did not drown out the problems with the US nuclear arsenal

16
Washington has notified Moscow of the start of the US Global Nuclear Thunder drills. By the recent US and NATO nuclear maneuvers in Europe, the Pentagon did not attract such attention. What is the purpose of testing the US atomic arsenal, in what condition is this arsenal, and what are the Washington strategy most afraid of?


"Global Thunder" did not drown out the problems with the US nuclear arsenal


The United States launched the Global Thunder (Global Thunder) strategic nuclear forces exercise. This was announced by the official representative of the Strategic Command (STRATCOM) of the United States, Brian Maguire. Last week, Russia also hosted comprehensive exercises of strategic nuclear forces. They were attended by the Supreme Commander, President Vladimir Putin.

The “Global Thunder” scenario provides for “various strategic threats” for the USA and uses all the possibilities of STRATCOM. During the maneuvers, the US Army will work out the actions of space forces, surveillance and reconnaissance systems, global strike systems and missile defense systems, as well as “cyber capabilities”. "These exercises provide an opportunity for STRATCOM and its units to prepare for the prevention and, if necessary, repelment of a military attack on the United States, using forces at the direction of the president," RIA quoted "News»A statement by a representative of the US Strategic Command.

“Such events are held in America without real launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles and are in the nature of command and staff training. The system of running control, bringing signals to the executors, units and formations in whose hands there are strategic nuclear forces (SNF) are being checked, as well as the readiness of all military authorities to accomplish tasks, ”military expert, Chief Editor of Arsenal Fatherland magazine told the newspaper VZGLYAD. Victor Murakhovsky. Such an operational plan for the possible use of strategic nuclear forces and the readiness of all authorities to act in accordance with this plan is adopted annually, the expert said.

“Thunder” in America, “Noon” in Europe

STRATCOM reported: Washington warned Russia about the “Global Thunder” in accordance with the provisions of the START-3 treaty. The agreement, signed in 2011, by Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama, implies that the parties are obliged to notify each other about major nuclear maneuvers. At the same time, China, as a country that did not sign such an agreement, did not keep up to date.

New high-profile statements on the North Korean issue have become the backdrop for US nuclear exercises. On Monday, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg at a meeting with Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono stressed that the DPRK nuclear program is a threat to the whole world. Pentagon chief James Mattis, being “next door” on Saturday in Seoul, said that Washington “would never take for granted” the nuclear status of North Korea.

In turn, Moscow has recently expressed concern that more and more non-nuclear NATO countries are being involved in the exercises of the alliance with a nuclear component. This contradicts the basic articles of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, Russia's Permanent Representative to NATO, Alexander Grushko, said.

Almost immediately after the completion of the Russian Zapad-2017 exercise, in mid-October, NATO conducted Steadyfast Noon (Steadfast Noon) maneuvers in Europe to test a nuclear attack against a potential enemy. These maneuvers, unlike the current Global Thunder, in the Pentagon decided not to attract undue attention. RISI expert Sergey Yermakov noted in his comment to the newspaper VIEW:

“Americans are expanding the role of their allies in conducting nuclear operations. This time the Poles and the Czechs joined the teachings.

Moreover, the Czechs, as far as I know, were the first time involved in the immediate development of such nuclear operations — the fighters of the Czech JAS-39 Gripen Air Force were involved there. ” It is known that the exercises included maneuvers at the Kleine Brogel air bases in Belgium and Büchel Air in Germany, where the USA deployed its B61 nuclear bombs. Note that bombs of this type were adopted by the United States and NATO back in 1968 year. The US nuclear stockpile needs refreshment, according to Washington.

Not an expansion, but an arsenal upgrade

At the moment, the United States has 1411 deployed nuclear warheads (from Russia - 1765). The US has 673 operational deployed carrier of nuclear warheads. This is a "nuclear triad": intercontinental ballistic missiles, heavy bombers, ballistic missiles on submarines. Russia - 523 such media. On the whole, the United States has 820 deployed and non-deployed launchers of the “nuclear triad”, and Russia has 816.

Two weeks ago, Donald Trump refuted earlier reports that the White House intends to increase the nuclear arsenal by 10 again (allegedly because of this, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson called the US President a “dummy”). The Pentagon doesn’t really have plans to increase the volume of nuclear weapons, according to Defense News analytical portal. The publication notes: in fact, the US military can barely maintain the existing arsenal, which in some respects "almost decrepit" (the age of its contents may go back several decades).

Therefore, in the coming decades, Washington plans to spend hundreds of billions of dollars on upgrading “from top to bottom” or updating the nuclear triad, as well as their command and control systems. Congress was considering spending 1 a trillion dollars on upgrading nuclear forces.

In early November, it became known that the US Air Force wants to get at least 400 intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM) of a new generation, to ensure the protection of American territory from possible nuclear strikes up to 2070 year. Proposals from three companies - Northrop, Boeing and Lockheed. Discussion and replacement of ground-based ICBMs Minuteman III. The Minuteman 400 is now located in the North Dakota, Montana, Colorado, Wyoming and Nebraska mines.

Note that American strategists believe that the arsenals of potential adversaries - Russia and China - were ahead of their “Minutemen” in their development. This was indicated, in particular, by Lieutenant-General Jack Weinstein, deputy chief of staff of Strategic deterrence and integration in the field of nuclear weapons. “Solid-fuel missiles are becoming obsolete. It is necessary to improve the guidance system in order to weapon corresponded to modern combat conditions ", - quotes the lieutenant-general edition of The National Interest. However, do not underestimate the possibility of the American arsenal.

Elements of the Cold War are coming back.

"The state of the US nuclear forces is quite adequate," said military expert Viktor Murakhovsky. The interlocutor explained:

“They are in combat readiness as a ground component, I mean the 8 Army (which includes ground-based ICBMs“ Minuteman III ”) and the naval component, which is represented by nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles. The United States has minimized the role of the air component. He occupies an insignificant place among them, rather a symbolic one. ”

The US has a highly developed missile warning system, above all its space component, Murakhovsky said. They have a highly developed system of combat control of strategic nuclear forces. They constantly maintain it at a fairly high technological level, the source added.

“The recent trend is the techniques of conducting the so-called strategic operations, when both the nuclear and non-nuclear components are involved, when much attention is paid to conducting information operations,” said Sergey Ermakov, RISI expert, in turn. “What worries our country is the combination of strategic nuclear strikes with a“ fast global strike. ” These are non-nuclear forces and means that should be used to solve the same strategic tasks as nuclear ones. ” “This can seriously lower the threshold for the use of nuclear weapons and will provoke an escalation of conflicts,” he added. The Russian Defense Ministry criticized the plans of the Pentagon to create promising strike systems of an instant global strike.

“The elements of the Cold War are coming back. For example, for the B-52 bombers, a daily alert system was introduced, that is, during 24 hours after receiving an order, these aircraft must be able to perform combat missions. This is a reaction to the increase in the military potential of Russia and China, ”said Yermakov.

Russia, in turn, is conducting a substantial modernization of its strategic nuclear forces, with all components of the triad: land, submarine and air, said Viktor Murakhovsky. “However, the issue is that by the number of carriers, by the number of nuclear warheads, both the USA and Russia are limited by the treaty,” the source indicates. - The recent training conducted by the Supreme Commander showed that all components of our strategic nuclear forces are in combat readiness. And, actually, not so long ago, the commander of the strategic missile forces said that 96% of our ground-based ICBMs are constantly on alert. ”
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  1. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 2 November 2017 05: 28 New
    +4
    Our ancestors are dark and rude people,
    Waving fists at each other,
    Suddenly they saw: huge and round
    Flew by, riddling everyone with a riddle.

    And in disputes, conjectures, debates
    Blame the plates
    Energy Leak in the States
    And our bitter saliva.

    This is about us today!
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 2 November 2017 05: 45 New
      0
      In early November, it became known that the U.S. Air Force wants to get into service at least 400 new generation intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) in order to protect the American territory from possible nuclear attacks until 2070.
      Well .... upset ... but they said that Omerigi will not be soon. recourse
    2. 210ox
      210ox 2 November 2017 06: 02 New
      +1
      It happened! According to the Federal Express received the keys, one single set. You can train ..
  2. Sars
    Sars 2 November 2017 05: 48 New
    +2
    If the Americans had everything wonderful with strategic forces, as the American generals and Viktor Murakhovsky say, at least there would be an answer to Putin’s teachings (with the launch of ICBMs).
    And so - they gathered, pushed the buttons of the remote controls, that's all the "thunder".
    The strategic nuclear forces are currently in a deplorable state in America.
    That is why in Europe there is fuss with missile defense, with tactical nuclear weapons, with the withdrawal from the INF Treaty - there is nothing for the Americans to answer.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 2 November 2017 09: 36 New
      0
      "With the exit from the INF Treaty, there is nothing for the Americans to answer." We are sure - there is already an air launch of the BRDS
      1. Sars
        Sars 2 November 2017 10: 54 New
        0
        Experiments are one thing. Another is the actual state of the equipment in service.
      2. PSih2097
        PSih2097 2 November 2017 13: 54 New
        0
        Quote: Vadim237
        We are sure - there is already an air launch of the BRDS

        We didn’t go beyond the drawings, the Amerkos had only mock tests of the layout.
  3. Same lech
    Same lech 2 November 2017 06: 05 New
    0
    The agreement, signed in 2011 by Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama, implies that the parties are required to notify each other of major maneuvers of nuclear forces.


    I wonder if these US nuclear maneuvers are directed against the DPRK, will the US warn Russia about the start of a nuclear war against the people of North Korea? what
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 2 November 2017 06: 11 New
      +5
      He will warn both Russia and China, otherwise the answer will arrive at once!
  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 2 November 2017 06: 55 New
    +1
    More non-nuclear NATO countries involved in nuclear alliance exercises

    I believe that the Americans are beginning to slowly accustom their allies to the fact that a scribe will come to them too. If you are in NATO, then be ready for a world nightmare and your demise. Since the United States, if it realizes its desire to start a nuclear war, the Allies will not be warned about this.
    (This is a sad irony).
  5. Old26
    Old26 2 November 2017 10: 30 New
    +3
    I don’t put anything in the article. Not only do the authors use data six months ago, but their conclusions sometimes even lie outside the realm of logic
    Much has been put upside down and sorry, not true. This applies in particular to the NATO exercises “Steadfast Noon” with the aim of developing a nuclear attack on a potential enemy.
    What follows is a "highly educated opinion" by RISI expert Sergei Ermakov

    “Americans are expanding the role of their allies in conducting nuclear operations. This time the Poles and the Czechs joined the teachings.

    Moreover, the Czechs, as far as I know, were the first time involved in the immediate development of such nuclear operations — the fighters of the Czech JAS-39 Gripen Air Force were involved there. ” It is known that the exercises included maneuvers at the Kleine Brogel air bases in Belgium and Büchel Air in Germany, where the USA deployed its B61 nuclear bombs. Note that bombs of this type were adopted by the United States and NATO back in 1968 year. The US nuclear stockpile needs refreshment, according to Washington.

    Well, the fact that our statements were right there about the violation of the Non-Proliferation Treaty was predictable. It may still be for such experts, and others who make such conclusions, to begin with, reread the Non-Proliferation Treaty and understand what is distribution and what is not? It means that when the Soviet troops in joint exercises attracted the troops of the ATS countries (East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland) and together with us they practiced the virtual use of nuclear weapons this was not considered a violation of the provisions of the treaty. And now, when these countries are “not ours” - immediately violations

    Well, why the rest of the set of delirium? Type
    Two weeks ago, Donald Trump denied earlier reports that the White House intends to increase its nuclear arsenal 10 times

    The statements of Trump, despite the fact that he is president, has already become a parable in languages. He, like that drunk in his mind, then in his tongue. How can you increase the arsenal by 10 times, when the number of warheads even in warehouses will not allow you to increase the arsenal of more than 6500-7000 warheads. In order to bring the number of BG to 14000, America will need decades.

    Or statements of this kind
    In early November, it became known that the U.S. Air Force wants to get into service at least 400 new generation intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) in order to protect the American territory from possible nuclear attacks until 2070.

    And what from this. The PSE of any systems is not unlimited, and despite the complete modernization of existing ICBMs, it is foolish to expect that they will remain in the database for another 50 years. And what to make a sensation from this? Well, they are going to replace the Minuteman-3 with the new Minuteman-4 (or whatever they call them) - these are their problems

    “The elements of the Cold War are coming back. For example, for the B-52 bombers, a daily alert system was introduced, that is, during 24 hours after receiving an order, these aircraft must be able to perform combat missions. This is a reaction to the increase in the military potential of Russia and China, ”said Yermakov.

    And this is generally a masterpiece. From the series “I heard a ring, but I don’t know where it is.” Good expert. I wonder if the time interval for such purposes is not a bit long. That is, you need to understand that now, after receiving an order, American bombers will not take off in a few days? RAVE. Yes, the degree of readiness may not be calculated in minutes or tens of seconds, like for SLBMs / ICBMs, but to write about the introduction of a daily preparedness system is that it must be very cool EXPERTOM
  6. Gormenghast
    Gormenghast 2 November 2017 11: 05 New
    +2
    The Pentagon really has no plans to increase the volume of nuclear weapons


    They stopped producing plutonium, but forgot how to enrich uranium.
    So, not suddenly, and not tomorrow - but a dozen years are needed to restore at least what was.
  7. Old26
    Old26 3 November 2017 00: 08 New
    0
    Quote: Gormengast
    They stopped producing plutonium, but forgot how to enrich uranium.
    So, not suddenly, and not tomorrow - but a dozen years are needed to restore at least what was.

    You know the worst thing. There is a category that begins to scream that everything is lost, having sintered polymers. But there is another category in the network - no less dangerous for us, the citizens of Russia. This category spreads myths about how "everything is bad with them." The danger here is in underestimating the potential adversary, which is stupid and even criminal.
    As a result, we hear that they ceased producing plutonium, and forgot how to enrich uranium. And from here to hatred - one step. However, this is a big enough and serious topic to write about it in two words.
    1. 73bor
      73bor 4 November 2017 08: 14 New
      0
      Shapkozakidatelstvo-this is when we do nichrome do not begin to become clever! And the fact that Russia has supplied enriched uranium to the United States for 25 years is simply a fact, as far as the United States knows the enrichment technology is both more complicated and more expensive, from here the conclusion is - why do you need to do this if there is a FREEbie? But Americans are able to count money.
  8. Old26
    Old26 4 November 2017 09: 43 New
    0
    Quote: 73bor
    Shapkozakidatelstvo-this is when we do nichrome do not begin to become clever! And the fact that Russia has supplied enriched uranium to the United States for 25 years is simply a fact, as far as the United States knows the enrichment technology is both more complicated and more expensive, from here the conclusion is - why do you need to do this if there is a FREEbie? But Americans are able to count money.

    That's it. The cornerstone is based not on the inability to enrich uranium, but on the actual technique. If we, like many countries, used in 99 cases out of 100 a centrifuge method, then the Americans are gas diffusion. They were going to build a new enterprise in the 90s, but they counted the money and asked a question. What for. America, like Russia, has huge reserves of weapons-grade uranium. “untie” it to the level required at the nuclear power plant and forward. Moreover, they didn’t even spend too much money there and conducted a HEU-LEU deal
  9. Dzafdet
    Dzafdet 6 November 2017 17: 13 New
    0
    I spent all my childhood reading posters on defense in a nuclear attack. Mattresses dream of bringing back the Cold War? And the Czechs have always been, are and will be fascist bedding ... am