Military Review

Complex EW "Khibiny" miracle weapon of the Russian army?

46



In principle, so much has already been written about “Khibiny” that, thanks to some not entirely competent journalists, this complex received the fame of “wonderweapons”, Able to extinguish everything in its path and turn ships into piles of metal, rocking on the waves.

Let's not talk about sad things, let's talk about what the Khibiny actually are and what they are terrible to the enemy.

History The complex began in the distant Soviet times in Kaluga, within the walls of the KNIRTI, Kaluga Radio Engineering Research Institute. Work was carried out from 1977 to 1990 years. In 1995, the first test cycle was passed, in 1997, the second one. And only with 2014, the complex was officially adopted by the Su-34, under which, in fact, it was originally developed.

Naturally, for such a long time, the complex suffered more than one improvement.

The multi-functional airborne electronic warfare complex "Khibiny" today exists in three versions.



L-175В "Khibiny-10В" - for Su-34 bombers
L-265 "Khibiny-10М" - for Su-35С fighters
"Khibiny-U" - for Su-30CM fighters.

"Khibiny-U" differs from the two previous complexes in that it integrates into the airframe of the aircraft, rather than being placed in outboard containers, as evidenced by the absence of a container brand.

The differences between the "Khibiny" series 10В and 10М consist solely in the container of the suspension. This is due to the design of the wing Su-34 and Su-35. Fundamental differences in the work there.



In order to clearly present the tasks that the complex is capable of performing, it is worth analyzing its composition.

The Khibiny complex includes the following elements:

1. Electronic intelligence system based on the ROC "Proran". It was at the base, since the “Protram” itself was very far from what was created in the last century. The DER system performs the functions of detecting enemy’s electronic equipment (air defense radars, missile guidance systems, etc.), classifying and defining operating parameters, and determining the location and provides the information obtained to the complex’s computer system.

2. Based on the data obtained, the computing system provides data on the coordinates, time and nature of the impact either on the jamming station or on shooting electronic or infrared traps.

3. Block accurate memory frequency TSH. All information received by the DER system and processed by the computing system about the parameters of the detected electronic assets of the enemy is reset to the TS block.

The data accumulated in the blocks allows real-time recommendations for placing interference of any shape, depending on the characteristics of the received signal.

4. Station active interference SAP-518 "Regatta". Elements of "Regatta" are installed on the wings of the Su-34 in two containers.









SAP-518 is designed for personal protection of the aircraft. The principle of operation is like that of a car "anti-radar". The signal received by the DER system is processed by the computing system and sent back in a fairly distorted form.

The main ways of working SAP-518:

- delay in detecting the aircraft KREP as an object of attack for the enemy;
- masking a true object against a false one;
- the difficulty of measuring the distance to the object, its speed and angular position;
- degradation of the tracking mode “on pass” when scanning the radar antenna beam;
- increase in time and difficulty in capturing an object during the transition to the continuous radio direction finding mode.

Since the signal emitted by the Regatta will be more powerful than the radar signal reflected by the aircraft, the enemy receiver will receive and process the clearer and higher quality of the two signals. However, carrying a little different from the true information about the range, speed, altitude, angular velocity and coordinates of the aircraft.

The result will be the targeting of enemy air defense missiles to a certain phantom target, the location of which will be at a sufficient distance from the aircraft. This is called "setting distraction."

The placement of distressing or simulating interference can make it extremely difficult to obtain information about the real position of the aircraft from the enemy’s radar.

5. Containers group protection.



This is the Khibiny modernization, created for the group protection of aircraft.

The structure includes containers У1 or У2, the working frequency range of which coincides with the frequency range "Regatta". In fact, these are powerful transmitters that significantly increase the range of the SAP-518 and are capable of covering not just one aircraft, but a whole group.

The second option - with containers Ш0 and Ш1. Here a slightly different operating frequency range was applied, which required changes to the operation of the DER system. The use of this system allows not only to cover a group of aircraft, but also to carry out target designation for other stations.

Further development of "Khibiny" - input into the complex of the container station of active jamming group protection SAP-14 "Tarantula".

"Tarantula" performs the formulation of active noise interference surveillance radar, SAM and aviation Radar.

Container SAP allows you to turn any Su-34 into an EW aircraft, allowing you to cover other aircraft in the strike group directly from combat formations.

6. A set of fired traps and jammers: dipoles, thermal, electronic. Shooting can produce a crew, can do this control system of the complex.





TTX complex:

Container length: 4950 mm
Container Diameter: mm 350
Container weight: 300 kg

Coverage area in the rear and front hemispheres: sector + -45 degrees
The range of operating frequencies of electronic intelligence equipment: 1,2 ... 40 GHz
The operating frequency range of the active jamming equipment: 4 ... 18 GHz
The working frequency range of active group interference protection containers: 1 ... 4 GHz
Power consumption: 3 600 W



Based on the foregoing, the Khibiny complex is a very modern and effective way to protect our aircraft from the opposition of airplanes and air defense systems of a potential enemy.

But to leave without electronics ship class destroyer, alas, can not. But in our opinion, this is the last thing that the Su-34 pilots should be sad about.

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46 comments
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  1. Firework
    Firework 31 October 2017 15: 31
    +6
    excellent complex, will cause "complexes" among our opponents according to NATO
    1. Sevastiec
      Sevastiec 3 November 2017 05: 41
      +2
      Opponents have enough of their complexes.
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. NEXUS
    NEXUS 31 October 2017 15: 58
    +5
    In this regard, the issue of the Himalayas complex, which is put on the SU-57, is very interesting. Logically, this complex is much more advanced than the Khibiny and I suspect that it is capable of not only setting phantom goals by confusing the adversary guidance system.
    1. Buffet
      Buffet 11 December 2017 20: 02
      +2
      The history of the complex began in the distant Soviet times in Kaluga, within the walls of KNIRTI
      You should at least discover the Internet where this institute is located. But all right, the main thing here is to confuse the enemy. It’s just that there are still 80 kilometers to go from this institute to Kaluga .... And the Himalayas complex, but this is an advanced version of the Khibiny, but no more. These cigar-shaped microwave emitters are hidden in the skin of the aircraft.
  4. Captain Nemo
    Captain Nemo 31 October 2017 15: 59
    +7
    Are we cruelly deceived about Donald Cook? repeat
    1. Popovich
      Popovich 31 October 2017 16: 18
      11
      not at all. he really was blind, and multiple targets overloaded the brains of the processors - they hung ... in essence, the systems went down and the cookie became a piece of iron!
      1. KKND
        KKND 31 October 2017 16: 20
        +8
        Quote: Popovich
        not at all. he was really blind, and multiple targets overloaded the brains of the processors - they hung ...

        Not there "Vindos" in BSOD fell out.
      2. ProkletyiPirat
        ProkletyiPirat 31 October 2017 18: 05
        10
        it’s not completely blinded, somewhere in the comments on the VO the words of one of the local operators were mentioned, I don’t remember literally but the essence is something like this, "it shows an object of gigantic size in many kilometers, then a small target with an unreal speed that constantly jumps like a UFO, then a spot it’s like a lot of goals are flying nearby, and all this is mixed up and constantly changing. " So the principle of the khibiny on the part of the observer can be described as “I look in a book, I see a fig” because they see it, they see but processors and algorithms cannot cope with the analysis of information.
        1. seat9969
          seat9969 31 October 2017 19: 58
          11
          do you really believe that the cookie operator in the newspaper gave the interval what he saw ?? Are you just healthy? don't you have a temperature ?? can fever?
          1. ProkletyiPirat
            ProkletyiPirat 31 October 2017 20: 16
            +7
            I’m healthy, but I’d recommend you check it out. I’ve never mentioned the newspapers and interviews anywhere. hi
            1. DarkMatter
              DarkMatter 1 November 2017 01: 02
              +2
              It would be interesting to look at the "source" laughing
              Or was the source OBS?
              1. ProkletyiPirat
                ProkletyiPirat 1 November 2017 05: 25
                +1
                Of course, OBS, or do you think the author of the speech will put the number and signature on sentencing himself to prison? I seriously doubt it. hi
                1. DarkMatter
                  DarkMatter 1 November 2017 13: 46
                  +2
                  That is, in your opinion, that
                  American operator with cook in a personal conversation with someone from the VO forum described his observations from the work of Khibin?
                  Did I understand correctly? The OBS does not smell here, the ultimate truth. fellow wassat
                  1. ProkletyiPirat
                    ProkletyiPirat 1 November 2017 14: 01
                    0
                    Quote: DarkMatter
                    That is, in your opinion, that
                    American operator with cook in a personal conversation with someone from the VO forum described his observations from the work of Khibin?
                    I understood correctly?

                    : Facepalm: you misunderstood. Read carefully the beginning of my post.
                    1. DarkMatter
                      DarkMatter 1 November 2017 14: 08
                      +2
                      it’s not completely blind, somewhere in the comments on the VO the words of one of the local operators were mentioned

                      Well, I read it, if there’s no link to even an English site where an anonymous sailor gives an interview, you can only assume that he personally told someone, and this person wrote in the comments wink
          2. The comment was deleted.
          3. ty60
            ty60 2 November 2017 22: 50
            0
            So he quit for health. All 27 people
      3. gregor6549
        gregor6549 1 November 2017 06: 11
        14
        Where did the firewood come from, dear? Who whipped up a myth about the deadly intimidated crew of the Cook and about the completely blind Cook and since then the myth has been walking on the Internet all over with new horror films. There is no evidence that everything was and, really, since homegrown "science fiction writers" write about it. Moreover, this was not so since it could never be. A ship of the type Cook is a complex system which, among other things, includes reconnaissance equipment for airborne surface and underwater targets operating in a very wide frequency spectrum and using modern methods and means of protection against organized and natural interference. interference. The computer system is also not alone there and it is very difficult to overload it with interference, especially if the interference is placed by single aircraft. At the same time, these ships are equipped with low-base direction-finding systems that are capable of detecting, determining coordinates and accompanying numerous noise carriers and providing target designation to active weapons (SAM, cannon, etc.) which with the help of servos can direct artillery mounts of the main caliber as well as multi-barrel installations of the Vulcan type on the target in azimuth and angle ECTA.
        And the last.
        I do not think that the command of Russian aviation would disclose the technical characteristics of its electronic warfare equipment with or without reason.
        For such actions, the Americans could declare gratitude to this command, and the initiators of the show, the command itself could bring to the wall with the indicators of combat and political training and put an 9 gram weight on their career.
        Conclusion: With naivety as, however, with innocence, you need to leave on time
        1. Byural1941
          Byural1941 2 November 2017 08: 42
          +1
          I completely agree, but still admit and I'm sure that now the current state of our armed forces is somewhat different from the USSR armed forces in the matter of ensuring the secrecy of our electronic means, frequency and operating principles. And therefore, I think that Cook was not afraid of Su24, but rather the radiation of the coastal complex Bastion, which he took to capture this Cook, and this is more serious than Khibin’s interference, moreover, there was infa in some sources that An26 was oars away from the event, which he did there, and what equipment he carried, no one knows!
        2. papik09
          papik09 29 February 2020 07: 44
          0
          At the same time, the bulk of the "specialists" and experts either remain silent or are afraid to go wrong: the BASTION complexes are located in the Crimea, the activation of which cannot go unnoticed on D. Cook and the captain's most correct decision in this situation is to CUT OFF all the electronics. repeat
      4. Dimka off
        Dimka off 1 November 2017 09: 03
        +1
        or a different system was tested, but they said that the Khibiny) Who knows what trump cards are in the sleeve of the Russian defense industry?)
        1. gregor6549
          gregor6549 1 November 2017 10: 21
          +7
          At one time, it was possible to participate in proving and other tests of various military electronics, including the one that provided automated control of electronic warfare units. Tests, as a rule, were carried out in those places where the minimum probability of reconnaissance of electronic warfare equipment by ground, air and space technical means of a potential enemy could be ensured. At the same time, the location of these means was tracked as much as possible then and when they approached the test site at a certain distance, all the electronic warfare equipment was given the command "ША". By the way, this approach was applied not only to testing the latest electronic warfare equipment, but also to testing other emitting electronic equipment (radars, radio stations, etc.) I don’t think that something has changed in this regard now. It is also useful to recall the story of the South Korean Boeing, which "accidentally" entered the wrong steppe and who was slightly punished for this drift. What am I doing? And to the fact that the “friends” would have given a lot for revealing the parameters of the radio-electronic means that are in service with the RF Armed Forces and it would be unlikely that the leadership of the RF Armed Forces would have given them such gifts.
          P.S. Pardon for "fraud" Damaged his right hand and you have to bang on the keyboard with one left, which does not guarantee the lack of "asypok"
      5. venik
        venik 1 November 2017 09: 14
        -1
        Quote: Popovich
        not at all. he really was blind, and multiple targets overloaded the brains of the processors - they hung ... in essence, the systems went down and the cookie became a piece of iron!

        ==========
        Moreover, it is not a fact that ONLY Khibiny were involved! Do not forget - “Cook” was in the coverage area of ​​EARTH GROUND SYSTEMS (the same “Krasukh” had a range of up to 300 km, and “Cook” wandered off the coast of Crimea!).
        1. DarkMatter
          DarkMatter 1 November 2017 13: 57
          +2
          And how does Kraukha work? Isn't 300 km for a high flying target, but much less at the surface? And Cook, like in Romania, was hanging out on exercises, not in Crimea?
  5. Popovich
    Popovich 31 October 2017 16: 19
    -1
    and for the disclosure of the technical characteristics of the complex: ... the time is due ....
    1. ProkletyiPirat
      ProkletyiPirat 31 October 2017 18: 07
      +1
      In your SB database, the raven thinks and did not check the video? I strongly doubt something, more like an advertisement for foreign customers.
  6. KKND
    KKND 31 October 2017 16: 33
    +1
    My comment was deleted, so now without politics.
    6. A set of shot traps and jammers: dipoles, thermal, electronic.

    BEFORE and thermal it is clear what is electronic?
    1. Dimka off
      Dimka off 1 November 2017 09: 06
      0
      possibly small EMP explosive devices to blind an adversary.
  7. Polite Moose
    Polite Moose 31 October 2017 17: 14
    10
    For a long time it was necessary to print such an article. And then this "Donald Cook" with a messed up crew will soon become the Russian national symbol of victory over imperialism.
    1. Black5Raven
      Black5Raven 4 November 2017 01: 54
      +2
      Quote: Polite Elk
      And then this "Donald Cook" with a crap crew

      Still believe in these tales and the wet dreams of a number of citizens? Give up.
      1. Polite Moose
        Polite Moose 6 November 2017 22: 53
        +2
        Quote: Black5Raven
        Still believe in these tales and the wet dreams of a number of citizens?

        Just the opposite. You misinterpreted my comment. hi
  8. Dzafdet
    Dzafdet 31 October 2017 17: 30
    +2
    Quote: Captain Nemo
    Are we cruelly deceived about Donald Cook? repeat

    There were no Khibiny ..
    1. Captain Nemo
      Captain Nemo 31 October 2017 19: 41
      +3
      What about? Make a selection on the Internet? Or do you have accurate information? Not a secret?
      1. Dormidont2
        Dormidont2 31 October 2017 23: 07
        0
        most likely it was Kuku blinded by Cook
        1. Fedya2017
          Fedya2017 1 November 2017 00: 09
          +9
          Quote: Dormidont2
          most likely it was Kuku blinded by Cook

          “Cook” was blinded by the fantasies of the Russian blogger “Lunokhod”, which he himself admitted soon. But the "roasted duck" has already flown through the expanses of the first Russian media, and then foreign. Probably this guy got rich - if he were a professional journalist, and not an Internet chatterbox blogger ...
        2. Sharansky
          Sharansky 1 November 2017 13: 02
          +2
          This is not Krauha blinded Cook. This wave of stuffing from yellow bloggers has blinded you and others like you. The head must be turned on at least a little at least sometimes. She is not only to be in it.
    2. Popovich
      Popovich 2 November 2017 19: 23
      -1
      do not betray secret.
  9. Music
    Music 31 October 2017 19: 39
    0
    Dimensions and mass, alas, clearly require refinement ..
    1. ProkletyiPirat
      ProkletyiPirat 31 October 2017 20: 19
      -1
      the dimensions and mass are normal there, for an airplane everything is fine there
  10. traktir64
    traktir64 31 October 2017 21: 25
    +1
    Khibiny this is the mountains on the Kola Peninsula))), (educational program)
    1. Squelcher
      Squelcher 1 November 2017 04: 12
      0
      Great mountains for pokatushek, but the name of the complex electronic warfare :)
  11. tazilion
    tazilion 1 November 2017 13: 41
    0
    “Carpathians”, “Khibiny”, “Himalayas” are good guys. Successful work on them.
  12. Wolka
    Wolka 1 November 2017 17: 33
    0
    The facts are self-explanatory, the neutralization of Donald Cook is vivid proof of this.
  13. Popovich
    Popovich 2 November 2017 19: 22
    -1
    The main thing that works! and spit on everything else! with a cookie in addition, hi will say thank you for not a flood in the sea, but only in shit ....
  14. iouris
    iouris 3 November 2017 01: 29
    -1
    "Miracle" it is "miracle". You can only believe in him.
  15. Vadim Sh.
    Vadim Sh. 3 November 2017 21: 48
    -1
    Well, this is very pleasing, I hope that the NATO opponents do not have a prescription against the KHIBIN.
  16. The comment was deleted.
  17. Djoker
    Djoker 3 December 2017 12: 47
    +1
    "Khibiny-U" differs from the two previous complexes in that it integrates into the airframe of the aircraft, rather than being placed in outboard containers, as evidenced by the absence of a container brand.


    The Khibiny-U complex has the L-420 index and is also designed in container execution.

    Active jamming station SAP-518 "Regatta". Regatta elements are mounted on the wings of the Su-34 in two containers.


    SAP-518 is not related to the Su-34. This station is located on aircraft of the Su-30MK family (SAP-518SM on the Su-30SM). The Su-34 houses the RTU L265VP and RTU L265VI.



    Containers SAP-518 and products L-175 "Khibiny" vary significantly in size and in appearance:





    The same thing with SAP-14 and the "group defense container from L-175." These are different products.



    On the Su-35S are located RTU L265M10P and L265M10R.
  18. Bell pepper
    Bell pepper 11 March 2018 11: 09
    0
    jamming station MSP 418K




  19. Vanek
    Vanek April 10 2018 09: 55
    0
    Work was carried out with 1977 to 1990 years. In 1995, the first test cycle was passed, in 1997 the second. AND only in 2014 the complex was officially adopted by the Su-34, under which, in fact, it was originally developed.

    Imagine how long everything was conceived ...