Military Review

The results of the action of videoconferencing in Syria look real fiction

32
The Russian military operation in Syria turned two years old. On September 30, 2015, Vladimir Putin, as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, gave the order to launch attacks on targets of the Islamic State *. The main role in the operation was played by the Russian military aviation - and it is easy to notice that her work on a number of specific characteristics was surprisingly effective. How did you manage to achieve this?


The results of the action of videoconferencing in Syria look real fiction


High flight intensity - and zero accidents

The most expressive indicator for assessing the effectiveness of military pilots is the ratio of the number of combat missions to the number of losses incurred during this. Purely statistically, losses in the combat use of any troops, including aviation, are inevitable. But if we consider what is happening in this sense with the Russian air group in Syria, truly amazing things will come to light.

During the operation, according to official data, more than 28 thousand combat missions and about 99 thousand assaults on militants were made. The losses of the Russian Air Force in Syria today are as follows: three planes (shot down by Turkish F-16 Su-24, as well as Su-33 and MiG-29K Admiral Kuznetsov cruiser) and five helicopters.

It is important to distinguish between what is combat (incurred in a collision with the enemy) and non-combat (outside such collisions) losses. For example, the fighters from “Kuznetsov” fell, apparently, without any external influence, but several Russian helicopters were brought down by Syrian fighters from the ground.

And yet, strictly speaking, all the aircraft lost by the Russian Air Force in Syria can be taken out of the brackets and not taken into account in our statistics. Su-24 was shot down by a Turkish fighter under unexplained circumstances. As for the Kuznetsov wing, it made only a few hundred sorties - that is, a fraction of a percent of the total, and the high accident rate in this case speaks more about the sad state of Naval aviation, and not about what happens to the air group at Hmeimim airfield.

For comparison, in more than nine years of the war in Afghanistan, almost a million sorties were flown, during which 107 aircraft and 324 helicopters were lost. In other words, with rough rounding, for every one hundred thousand sorties in Afghanistan, the USSR Air Force lost 10 airplanes and 30 helicopters. If the same proportion had been maintained in the Russian Air Force during an operation in Syria, the losses of Russian aviation would have to be two to three aircraft and about a dozen helicopters. Leaving aside the important fact that in Afghanistan, Soviet aircraft flew in real and heavy anti-aircraft resistance from the ground, which our pilots in Syria practically do not have.

And if we recall even more ancient times, namely the Great Patriotic War, it turns out that then up to 60% of the Soviet aircraft were lost without any enemy impact - as a result of accidents and catastrophes.

Revival after the collapse

In Syria, the VKS used: front bombers Su-24M, Su-34 multi-purpose fighters-bombers, long-range Tu-22М3 bombers, strategic bombers Tu-95, Tu-160, attack aircraft Su-25, multipurpose ones, as well as ones, as well. Su-27S, MiG-30 fighter-interceptors, Mi-35, Mi-31, Mi-8H, Ka-24 helicopters, A-28 long-range radar detection and control aircraft, integrated reconnaissance aircraft Tu-52Р, electronic surveillance aircraft and REB IL-50M214. According to the General Staff, the number of units of the VKS in Syria during the operation has never exceeded 20 aircraft. This is about one regiment. It can be noted that this is not a regular air regiment of the Russian Aerospace Forces, but a conditional “team” - pilots from various departments from all over the country are involved in the air group.

“There was not a single catastrophe or serious flight accident with aircraft that flew from Khmeimim airbase and from other airfields in Syria,” military expert Viktor Murakhovsky confirmed to the newspaper VIEW.

“There were cases when the enemy shot down helicopters of army aviation. But this is an inevitable loss when the enemy is saturated with automatic anti-aircraft guns and large-caliber machine guns. There were cases of launches on helicopters and man-portable air defense systems, and anti-tank guided missiles, ”said the source. “As regards the front-line aviation, they did not have any losses, with the exception of a“ backstab ”from the Turkish Air Force,” he added.

Judging by official data, the VKS had no non-combat losses at all. There were also no reports of equipment failures as a result of accidents.

It should be called without exaggeration a phenomenal indicator. Russian military pilots, according to official data (and there is no reason not to believe them), did not make a single critical error in Syria that would lead to the loss of a car. None of the apparatus used by the Russian Aerospace Force of the Russian Federation in Syria has ever critically failed from a technical point of view. But the fact is that technology inevitably fails, and people inevitably make mistakes, the art of a commander is only to minimize this effect as much as possible. At least, that's exactly what military pilots think. The operation in Syria completely refutes this until recently unshakable postulate.

All this looks all the more surprising because from 1991 to the last few years, the RF Air Force was in a state of permanent and even catastrophic collapse. Dozens of famous air regiments and divisions were disbanded, airfields were abandoned, flight schools were closed, for decades the troops did not receive new equipment, thousands of pilots were dismissed from the Air Force, and the rest could not rise into the sky due to the lack of spare parts and fuel. And suddenly, against this background - such unexpectedly decent performance in Syria.

What made it possible to achieve such incredible results - not only the absence of losses, but also the high number of sorties and the effectiveness of defeating the enemy?

According to most experts, the success of VKS owe three factors.

First: a high level of technology and staff

Effective actions of the videoconferencing editor-in-chief of the magazine “Arms Export”, an employee of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, Andrei Frolov, explained the novelty of the Russian equipment, as well as its high-quality service. “Machines are used there either by the new production or by those that have undergone repairs and upgrades,” he told the newspaper VIEW.

The Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force (2002 – 2007), Hero of Russia, Army General Vladimir Mikhailov, believes that the high quality of Russian aircraft, the high level of pilot training and the flawless work of all personnel involved in the preparation and organization of flights contributes to the success of the WACS in Syria. "The technique is very reliable," - said the source. “The Americans were shocked when they learned about the number of sorties we performed. They do not understand this, ”he added.

“The main reason for success is the return of due attention from the military-political leadership of Russia to the combat readiness and technical equipment of the Russian Armed Forces,” the former commander-in-chief and Murakhovsky echoed. A new level of battle management was demonstrated, the expert noted and added:

“From the national center of defense of the country, the task force interacts in real time with the command of the group in Syria and the VKS, which work directly on the battlefield. It receives a real-time picture of the drone, with some space tools, radar data. In general, a gigantic control system of a completely new type, which we have never had before, and it was not in the Soviet Army. ”

The expert pointed out that the command of the group is represented by combined arms commanders, the operational groups of military advisers that operate with Syrian formations and some units are also general military commanders.

“I would also note the actions of our logistics system, which in this remote theater of operations was able to provide normal conditions for people and equipment, an uninterrupted supply of the entire nomenclature, from fuel, ammunition to equipment,” said Murakhovsky.

The second factor is intelligence.

As you know, all types of intelligence work in Syria. At the beginning of 2016, the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, said that ground forces, including the best fighters of the Chechen special forces, were helping to fight aviation against ISIS *. In addition, the former commander of the Special Operations Forces (SSO) Alexey Dyumin admitted to “Kommersant” that he personally carried out combat missions in foreign countries, most likely referring to Syria.

There are reconnaissance groups, special forces, as well as local agents, the Syrians also transmit some information, Frolov lists. “Of course, no reconnaissance strikes are delivered, except for strikes that are carried out in the so-called free hunting mode. Such tasks are also set, ”the expert added. “Both unmanned aerial vehicles, radio reconnaissance aircraft, and Tu-214P, which have side-looking radars, and satellites are all used,” he said.

Murakhovsky also emphasizes the great importance of intelligence. “Both space, and air, and radio intelligence, and military, and deep-seated — which, for example, MTR provide, and undercover, are involved. For each goal, a card is drawn up, where sources are indicated, the accuracy of the data, and so on, ”he explained.

“It is known that we strike blows at important targets and only upon confirmation from several sources, including technical means of reconnaissance. And with the confirmation of a high degree of reliability, ”said the source.

The expert recalled that these data were needed not only for the VKS, but also for the Navy. "To use high-precision weaponfor example, the “Caliber” is the same; one must have accurate reconnaissance, navigation and topographic and geodetic data, ”he noted.

“The objectives that reconnaissance ground special forces, reconnaissance groups - this is close, tactical depth. They mainly work for ground, government troops, for rocket troops and artillery, ”Lieutenant General Valery Gorbenko, the former commander of the 4 Army of the Air Force and Air Defense, explains to the VIEW newspaper. - At the operational depth these are already satellites, drones plus agents. Unmanned reconnaissance assets make it possible to track the actions of igilovtsy in real terms, to determine the locations of congestion.

Gorbenko recalled that in our aviation a rule has been in effect for a long time: before the flight, two targets are assigned to the aircraft - the main and the reserve.

“But thanks to the data from the drones already in the air, not only targeting can take place, but also redirection. This allows for very accurate strikes with both guided and unmanaged means. Accuracy increased by several times, almost a hit with deviations of one to two meters. Immediately evaluate the results of strikes. Just an increase in accuracy led to an increase in overall efficiency by several times, ”said the general.

The third - all kinds of troops are involved at once.

As Murakhovsky emphasized, the high efficiency of the air forces is ensured by the fact that they operate in Syria not alone, but with the support of all the other branches and types of troops. “Both the MTR and the Navy operate very effectively and successfully, using, for example, Caliber missile systems. Despite equipment issues fleet with modern ships, he, together with the VKS, ensured uninterrupted high-speed operation of the so-called Syrian express, that is, the delivery of equipment and logistics from Russian ports to Latakia, ”Murakhovsky believes. Do not forget about meteorological and medical support.

However, Anton Mardasov, head of the Middle East Conflicts Research Department of the Institute for Innovative Development, considers the role of the Navy, unlike the role of the videoconferencing system, to be not completely successful.

“Actually, the aircraft showed itself remarkably: both pilots, and helicopter pilots, and fighters. But there were conflicting moments on the campaign of "Admiral Kuznetsov." The use of an aircraft carrier for the modern fleet is, of course, not the strongest experience. This campaign had more training and combat missions - a groundwork for the future, ”he told the newspaper VIEW.

According to Mardasov, Russia's stake in the restoration of the regular Syrian army also played an important role in the success. As the expert explained:

“At the time of its intervention in the Syrian conflict, Iran began to create a militia, that is, parallel to the military Syrian units of the structure. Russia chose a different path - it immediately began to “pump up” precisely army structures. Of course, there were supplies of weapons to the militia, but the bet was made on regular units, more precisely, on what was left of them. ”

As Murakhovsky confirms, our tank crews, gunners, communications men and a whole number of other officers are training the Syrian military.

“The high level of operational art and tactics that the Syrian army has never demonstrated before has been achieved thanks to our help,

including in the training of commanders of staffs and military specialists, ”the interlocutor emphasized. Murakhovsky emphasizes that all three victory factors mentioned by experts are important in the complex, if one of them failed, there would be no need to speak about any defeat of the enemy.

The war revealed a number of weaknesses VKS

Our military are trying not to distribute information about problems in the VKS, including in order not to please the militants, military expert Anton Lavrov told the VZGLYAD newspaper. “Only the factor of problems is known,” he pointed out. However, some of the press previously reported.

In particular, high-precision cruise missiles at first in some cases simply did not start. "There are problems with aviation technology, in particular with regard to the use of air-based cruise missiles," Major General Anatoly Konovalov, deputy commander of Long-Range Aviation, admitted in December 2015. However, this technical failure was later eliminated.

“This is a common problem associated with the development of military infrastructure,” said Anton Lavrov. “Even satellite-guided missiles and bombs require deployed ground-based correction functions to increase accuracy.” Apparently, this was not done immediately and took some time. ”

In March 2016, sources at the United Aircraft Building Corporation and the VCS reported that during the operation, the equipment of the newest Su aircraft was malfunctioning. Failures occurred in the aircraft control system and engines. However, these failures, as reported, took place on the "little things" and "were generally uncritical." In this regard, they were able to eliminate along the way, and they did not have any serious influence on the actions of aviation.

However, many problems have not yet been handled. And one of the main things is connected with high-precision ammunition.

The reserves of free-fall bombs (for example, FAB-250 M-62 and OFAB-250) are, almost figuratively, unlimited in our country, but there are not enough high-precision ammunition, said Lavrov. In this regard, such weapons “have to be used practically from the factories, since no reserves have been created,” the expert explained.

We managed to reduce the severity of the ammunition problem due to the fact that, since the beginning of last year, the X-35 cruise missiles were used, as far as is known, (they had not been tested in combat before). The nuance is that this rocket is anti-ship. The specific trajectory of the flight, as well as the characteristics of the characteristics of the radar homing head, significantly complicate shooting at ground targets. This is possible, although very expensive.

The best would be the use of adjustable bombs (CAB), which are much cheaper than precision weapons. But the fact is that the reserves of the CAB in Russia are not so great, since for a long time it was believed that such armament would be needed in rare cases.

In addition, in Russia there are not too many pilots who can use the KAB. Separately, it is worth noting that KAB-500С is by no means cheap, at a cost it is equal to a premium class car. Therefore, according to the press, such bombs had to be spent economically - a rare target in Syria was honored with more than one CAB, which is sometimes not enough to ensure destruction.

The Americans faced a similar problem with the widespread introduction of precision weapons (1990-s). For them, the solution was the introduction of JDAM - a set of equipment based on GPS technology that converts existing free-fall bombs into all-weather adjustable ammunition. Given the huge reserves of FAB and OFAB for our country, this could be a relatively inexpensive and simple way out of the situation, but nothing like this has been created in Russia yet. At least in open sources about the creation of such equipment was not reported.

Badly missing drone drone

In this regard, greater emphasis is still being placed on cheaper weapons - unmanaged, Lavrov said. Such bombs are harder to hit on moving targets, he pointed out and added:

“We are not NATO and for the time being we do not operate with exclusively precision weapons. On the one hand, it reduces costs, on the other hand, it makes our planes much more vulnerable. Obviously, the hunt for mobile targets - armed pick-ups and just small groups - carries a risk for pilots. ”

After all, you have to fly at low altitudes with the risk of running into the fire of anti-aircraft machine guns, hand grenade launchers and MANPADS. Here, shock drones could have come in handy. Here are just a similar Russian technology is still in the testing phase. “There is a very big problem with drone drone attacks - there are none,” Lavrov stressed. China and even Iranian drones are fighting in Syria and Iraq. “They are using improvised LIH drones and Kurds - anyone, but we are still in development, and it’s unclear when they will appear,” the expert complained.

But partly this problem was solved. “In recent months, the use of helicopters has become more active, and with the defeat of moving targets it has become better, according to my impressions,” Lavrov noted. "Yes, and there are much more guided weapons," he added. Attack helicopters partially blocked the niche of UAVs, but there are not so many of them in Syria. “They are more vulnerable, especially during the day, and cannot long be in the air, patrolling,” the expert said.

Identified the operation in Syria and another flaw. It turned out that the tactical and technical characteristics and the number of tanker aircraft cannot provide Russian aircraft on long-haul flights. We have a massive shortage of tankers, as well as pilots who are ready for refueling in the air, Lavrov said. But for the war in Syria this is not particularly important, the expert pointed out, since for all the aircraft deployed on the base of Hamim, except, perhaps, for the Su-25, the range there is quite affordable. However, this problem was revealed during the mass transfer of the VKS to Syria in 2015 and the withdrawal of part of the troops in 2016, when the planes were not refueled in the air, but were limited only to outboard fuel tanks.

“The strikes from the air and from the sea against the groups and infrastructure of the terrorist organizations IG ** and Dzhebhat-en-Nusra were accurate and powerful, effective,” President Vladimir Putin said in May 2016. “At the same time, and we will need to focus all our attention on this, the operation in Syria has revealed certain problems and shortcomings. For each problematic issue, a thorough investigation should be conducted, I mean a professional investigation, the most thorough analysis, and then measures should be taken to eliminate these problems. ”
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https://vz.ru/politics/2017/9/29/885918.html
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  1. avia12005
    avia12005 29 October 2017 06: 48 New
    10
    If at the end of the 90 fighter bomber aviation had been insanely and treacherously, then one division for Su-17М4 or Mig-27D, K or M in the desert would be enough to knock out the entire Islamic state in a month.



    And the most experienced pilots were, and new equipment. In 23, BAs were placed on a storage base on the Su-17 M4 Steppe, and in their form they had 11-15 hours ... The technical personnel and the pilots wept ... They killed the front-line aviation, dispersed the people. Why Su-34 and Su-24M in Syria ???

    Microscopes nails to clog and expend resource, which, if necessary, is necessary to overcome a saturated defense and destroy a strong enemy.

    And in Syria, it would be enough to have one Su-34 and Su-24М each to defeat the most important targets and tests of the new technology. Eh ...
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 29 October 2017 06: 52 New
      +3
      Quote: avia12005
      Why Su-34 and Su-24M in Syria ???

      That is, experience in real conditions is not important?
    2. Maz
      Maz 29 October 2017 10: 07 New
      0
      FSE is gone! We're fucked! Tomorrow we will surrender to the states and return the Crimea to the founders of the universe and humanity, powerful and special, chosen and brilliant - Ukrainians ...wink
    3. turbris
      turbris 29 October 2017 11: 45 New
      0
      The era of these aircraft has already irrevocably gone, why live in the past. If these planes were now used in Syria, then we would not be any different from the backward Arab countries. And in the Su-17M4 formulas, it didn’t happen for 11-15 hours because there was no fuel and everyone was sitting on the ground? Moreover, we still switch to multi-purpose aircraft, which is more cost-effective than having separate fighters and fighter-bombers.
      1. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I 29 October 2017 13: 17 New
        +4
        Quote: turbris
        anyway, we switch to multi-purpose aircraft, which is more cost-effective,

        Well, well ... fresh tradition, but the old scent. In the 30, they enthusiastically masturbated with “absolutely” universal art equipment (after all, they should be “more cost-effective” ...) .. and what in the end? fool The Americans were going to “fill up” Vietnam with supersonic “phantoms”, and in the end they had to fight with “specialized” aircraft: from jetflagels to old A-1 propeller-driven (piston) planes. 25 and replace it with the "attack aircraft" Yak-130 superfood of 1 rank..What? And training ... and combat training options are available ... reconnaissance and strike drone on the way ... Multipurpose! So, it’s cheaper and more efficient?! Is it possible to stir up a rank I attack aircraft? Cheaper? Maybe .... more effective? It is unlikely ... After all, the Yak-130 at birth did not think about carrying armor protection and powerful weapons. And then, what would be cheaper, when performing a difficult combat mission, lose the 1 Su-25 (or not lose a single one) ... or lose a pair three Yak-130 "superfood"
        1. turbris
          turbris 30 October 2017 11: 29 New
          +1
          Of course, it is better to have both of them, but about the Yak-130 it’s just the Wishlist of the developers, no one is really going to do it with an attack aircraft. And about the Su-25 - it’s not eternal, even in Syria it already does not satisfy the radius, now it operates with a low level of anti-aircraft defense, and how many of them were shot down in Georgia and in Afghanistan? His age has already ended and modernized, only on the occasion of the absence of something like that.
          1. Nikolaevich I
            Nikolaevich I 30 October 2017 14: 40 New
            +3
            And is Su-34 sent to chase every jihadmobile or ATV too? And about Su-25, I agree ... it’s not eternal ... and they’ll upgrade it “on the basis of absence ...." But that's just no one is going to do a replacement for it! And the fact that they shot down ... so this is a combat aircraft that performs combat missions, and not "Russian airmail"; and "invulnerable" attack aircraft have not yet been invented. You can give an analogy with IL-2. Oh, how many of them were shot down, but their production was only increased ... Because We Were Needed! But in Georgia, this is not an argument ... almost all were shot down by "friendly" fire. When the pilots, not expecting a "trick", did not observe a safer flight regime, they were not ready to immediately undertake an evasion maneuver.
    4. The comment was deleted.
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 29 October 2017 06: 59 New
    +5
    ... good article, thanks to the author ...
    three aircraft (shot down by the Turkish F-16 Su-24, as well as the Su-33 and MiG-29K air wings of the cruiser Admiral Kuznetsov) and five helicopters.

    ... but here you can subtract both the 33rd and 29K ... they did not fall under enemy fire - these are technical losses ...
    1. ammunition
      ammunition 29 October 2017 12: 44 New
      +1
      Quote: aszzz888
      good article, thanks to the author ...


      Very good!
      Here (as a couch strategist), counted and looked how it was in the Great Patriotic War?
      It turned out that in Syria the intensity of aviation 30 times! (thirty times) higher than in the Patriotic War. There is something to be surprised.
      And if you estimate .. to assume that in Syria one plane every 5 (five .. maybe more than five) is more effective than a plane to Patriotic .. then it turns out that 80 planes could do the work of all aviation for the 4 of the Patriotic year.
      Yeah .. Americans have something to be surprised.
      1. aszzz888
        aszzz888 29 October 2017 13: 02 New
        +3
        ammunition Today, 12:44 then it turns out that 80 aircraft could do the work of all aviation in 4 years of the Patriotic War.

        ... somewhere you are not far from the truth ...... when long ago in childhood, I also dreamed - when reflecting the cavalry of Genghis Khan, put that way with your heels, another “Maxim” ... and only water refill and recharge tapes ...
        1. ammunition
          ammunition 29 October 2017 13: 18 New
          0
          Quote: aszzz888
          heels, another "Maximov" ... and only add water


          -)) It's not quite that.
          -------------------------
          While rummaging around, I found figures that the Germans had 0,3 sorties per plane per day by the end of the war. And by the end of the war, we had 0,03! That is - by the end of the war, our plane took off once a month (on average). This is what we are talking about.
  3. Stas157
    Stas157 29 October 2017 08: 04 New
    +8
    . “Not a single crash or serious flight accident with aircraft that flew precisely from the Khmeimim airbase and from other airfields in Syria was not at all,” a military expert confirmed to VZGLYAD newspaper.

    A Su-24, which rolled out, does not count?
  4. Firework
    Firework 29 October 2017 08: 47 New
    +5
    science fiction when the Russian Aerospace Forces strikes an enemy with zero air defense, and against NATO countries? planes will fall like leaves in the fall?
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 29 October 2017 12: 20 New
      +4
      Quote: Salute
      The Russian Aerospace Forces strikes an enemy with zero air defense, but against NATO countries?
      Well, At first, barmaley have MANPADS, as well as a receiver MZA. Yes, and TOU on helicopters very even foolishly bullets ...
      Second, the NATO will be played in an adult way. RV will definitely comb the identified air defense targets; they will work out in advance at the aerodromes. Well, we hope on-board electronic warfare, such as Khibin / Himalayas / President ...
      But the fact that the article states that, in engineering terms, the Syrian theater is nothing, for some reason few people were hurt. Then, how will the States punish the WTO? or the same "mistress of the seas"?
      And then, there is not enough IL-78 (tankers) ... bad, of course ... Why are you silent about A-50 / 50? I’m not saying that modern databases on the CE theater without A-100 are impossible at all ... But the fan of panegyrics about our videoconferencing doesn’t even remember about it! it -- third.
      So, there is nothing to delight in choking on your own snot, there is still room to grow: not only in breadth, but also up!
      Ага.
  5. avia12005
    avia12005 29 October 2017 09: 34 New
    0
    Quote: Dead Day
    Quote: avia12005
    Why Su-34 and Su-24M in Syria ???

    That is, experience in real conditions is not important?

    Until the end of my post read
  6. Dzafdet
    Dzafdet 29 October 2017 09: 38 New
    0
    Quote: Salute
    science fiction when the Russian Aerospace Forces strikes an enemy with zero air defense, and against NATO countries? planes will fall like leaves in the fall?

    There will be used electronic warfare systems and missiles to suppress air defense. For example, Ukraine’s air defense will be suppressed in 3-5 days. NATO for 7-10 ...
  7. ver_
    ver_ 29 October 2017 11: 36 New
    0
    Quote: Salute
    science fiction when the Russian Aerospace Forces strikes an enemy with zero air defense, and against NATO countries? planes will fall like leaves in the fall?

    ... das the maple leaves fall from the ash ...
  8. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 29 October 2017 13: 37 New
    +4
    For them, the solution was the introduction of JDAM - a set of equipment based on GPS technology that converts available free-falling bombs into all-weather adjustable ammunition. Given the huge reserves of the FAB and OFAB for our country, this could be a relatively inexpensive and easy way out of the situation, but nothing of the kind has been created in Russia so far. At least in open sources about the creation of such equipment was not reported "... this is not the truth!
    FAB-500M-62 experimental guided bomb with IPC (Russia. 2009 - 2010 year)
    Jul. 20th, 2017 at 6: 15 PM

    Since the beginning of the 2000-s, the Bazalt State Research and Production Enterprise has been undergoing full-scale development of a special unified set of planning and correction modules (MPC) for the retrofitting of free-falling aircraft bombs - high-explosive bombs and single-shot bomb cartridges. A similar approach to the modernization of air bombs is already being applied in the USA, where under the JDAM program based on the serial free-falling bombs Mk-82, Mk-83, Mk-84 and some other caliber 500, 1000 and 2000 pounds, guided bombs of the GBU-31, GBU- series are created 32 ,. GBU-38 etc. with completely new combat capabilities, giving the bombs of the 20th century the properties of high-precision weapons of the 21st century. The domestic developer - GNPP "Basalt" - promises a significantly lower cost of modernization of aviation ammunition than American. Depending on the task at hand, the refinement will consist of “hanging” on the body of a conventional freely falling bomb one or several special functional modules, including a system of folding wings, control system blocks, inertial navigation and satellite correction. With such kits, it will be possible to equip both the freely falling air bombs that are in service with the Air Force, and all new and modernized ones. The program will improve the accuracy and functionality of free-falling bombs and, depending on the completeness of the configuration, get high-precision weapons used from low altitudes outside the area of ​​operation of object-based air defense ...

    The advantages of air bombs with BMDs are that the mass of the combat load in the bomb reaches approximately 70% of the starting mass, while in a similar missile - only 15-20%. As for the cost, according to the Bazalt GNPP, it will amount to no more than 5-10 costs of the bomb itself, which is significantly lower than the cost of new adjustable bombs and guided missiles. For the first time, Bazalt GNPP demonstrated its new development the planning and correction module (MPC) at the Aero India 2003 aerospace salon, which was held in Bangalore. In Russia, at the MAKS-2009 in Zhukovsky GNPP Bazalt presented a model and information on the FAB-500M62 high-explosive bomb with a planning and correction module (MPC). The FAB-500М62 air bomb is one of the most massive domestic air bombs, which is still in service with the air forces of many countries of the world. The Planning and Correction Module (MPC) is a purely aeromechanical system in which there are no engines or even electrical systems. The idea is to make a very cheap device that, depending on the tactical situation, could be attached to a free fall bomb directly under aerodrome conditions. The module includes special wings, folding in flight and a system of correction from wind drift. For the use of aircraft bombs equipped with a planning and correction module, a regular sighting system is used. At the same international salon MAKS-558, 2009 Aviation Plant OJSC presented a similar-to-purpose carrier of independent means of destruction, Module-A, for the OFAB-250 free-falling bomb. At the Bazalt GNPP, four basic versions of upgrading aerial bombs with different levels of equipment for equipping their MPCs have been prepared:

    • The first option involves equipping the bomb with the so-called “simple” MPC - for this, only a simple planning and correction module is installed, which is attached to the bomb body, and electronic control modules are not introduced. In this configuration, it is possible to use aerial bombs at the same ranges up to 6 – 8 km, but from extremely low altitudes 50 – 100 m, and not from the usual FNB 3 – 4 km, where the aircraft is very vulnerable to air defense.

    • The second option, in addition to installing the IPC from the standard set, also includes equipping with a hinged small-sized control unit with an inertial guidance system (ANN unit), which makes it possible to stabilize a bomb in flight and to bring it to a given area of ​​application. This option, while maintaining the specified accuracy, will provide a discharge range of 12 – 15 km.

    • The third option provides for a significant increase in the accuracy of hitting a target. According to it, IPCs with ANN units are additionally equipped with drives and a GPS and GLONASS satellite navigation receiver. This equipment option will increase the effective launch range to 40 – 60 km, depending on the mode and speed of the carrier. The accuracy of ABSP with IPC in this configuration will be no worse than 10 m.

    • The fourth option provides for an increase in the range of ammunition. In addition to the MPK and a full-fledged control module, it is planned to place a propulsion unit with a pulsating air-jet engine on the bomb, which will increase the effective range to 80 – 100 km.





    The advantages of air bombs with IPC are that the mass of the combat load in the bomb reaches
    “At least in open sources, the creation of such equipment was not reported” ... this is not true.
    1. Mih1974
      Mih1974 31 October 2017 05: 07 New
      +1
      All of the above are a hat. negative Already delivered and use the hephaestus module good , you don’t need to broadcast anything to the bomb with him and, unlike the one you’ve given, no launch from 100 meters, where any bastard from MANPADS can fill up.
      By the way, the author of the article very suspiciously just about "hephaestus" said nothing, I suspect a "sent Cossack."
      That’s what we have so far with the problem of “hunting for moving” targets - this is true, and here we have only the American experience with UAVs and the Halfer to help us. hi . The helicopter is certainly more reliable, but also more risky. Hence the harsh conclusion - we need an analogue "Halfer" and a huge number (maybe half of the American) strike UAVs. This, by the way, partially closes the problem of the shortage of “refuelers” if long-term patrol tasks are transferred to UAVs. Actually, the combination of UAVs and "SVP-24" will make it possible to iron even with iron and many times reduce the risks and strain on people. good
      Moreover, if you carefully consider the losses in helicopters, then everything is far from so clear. The first one was burned down during the evacuation of a pilot shot down by the Turks, the second one was actually shot down, but there we damned ourselves for some reason through the rear of the “blacks” and simply by cargo without cover request , the third one is generally muddy, either the follower overwhelmed him with a nursa, or the host just broke a nurs at launch and he chopped off his tail, there was a very strange video there, the rest of the turntables were the same - they seemed to get caught. At least about the last incident with the Mi-28, it was written that it was a failure and he flopped down on a forced flight, and there or we hit him already on the ground or dragged him away, in general, also somehow far from the "combat loss".
      It’s a pity that neither Merikas nor Zhydovites are allowed to be poured repeat
      1. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I 31 October 2017 08: 09 New
        +1
        Quote: Mih1974
        They have already installed and are using the Hephaestus module, you don’t need to broadcast anything to the bomb with it and, unlike the one you mentioned, you can’t launch from 100 meters, where any bastard from MANPADS can fill up.

        Well ... firstly, my comment on the Basalt IPC IP is an objection to the author’s claim that we have “nothing” ... secondly, the IPC was developed, apparently, before being adopted (or maybe. ..and development) SVP-24 ... thirdly, SVP-24 may have limitations on installation by type of media ... fourthly, SVP-24 has maximum efficiency only with 100% complete set of necessary intelligence data ( including air temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind strength .....) Where are these parameters measured? On the Hephaestus carrier itself? I do not recall such Old ... and if not? After all, SVP-24 is, after all, a Subsystem! Then it turns out that MV IPC requires a smaller set of parameters and will be easier to use ... (and the Americans, with their JDAM, do not agree with you ... wink )
        By the way, helicopters are very vulnerable on the modern battlefield due to their specific performance characteristics (speed, flight altitude, maneuverability ...) The importance of such factors can be minimized with the proper organization of the helicopter component of the aircraft, competent planning of combat operations, and high training of the flight personnel.
        1. Nikolaevich I
          Nikolaevich I 31 October 2017 08: 23 New
          +1
          PS
          Quote: Nikolaevich I
          No launch from 100 meters, where any bastard from MANPADS can fill up.

          Well .... 100 meters are “invented” so that you can calmly shoot ammunition beyond the 80-100 km from the target, without fear of long-range and high-altitude air defense systems (for example, Patriot ...) from your territory (without MANPADS) .Also, it would not be bad to recall. From what and for what, there appeared, at the time, the concept of using combat aircraft from small and extremely low altitudes ...
  9. Wolka
    Wolka 29 October 2017 14: 52 New
    +1
    credit article, but as if not to go too far with hasty conclusions ...
  10. Captain Nemo
    Captain Nemo 29 October 2017 18: 03 New
    0
    God forbid that work would be done on the mistakes and lessons learned
  11. Glory1974
    Glory1974 29 October 2017 18: 44 New
    0
    If the same proportion remained in the Russian Air Force during the operation in Syria, the loss of Russian aviation would have to be two or three aircraft and about a dozen helicopters. Let us leave aside the important fact that in Afghanistan, Soviet aircraft flew in conditions of real and severe anti-aircraft resistance from the ground, which our pilots in Syria practically do not have.

    And if we recall even more ancient times, namely the Great Patriotic War, it turns out that then up to 60% of the Soviet aircraft were lost without any enemy impact - as a result of accidents and catastrophes.

    I’m ready to argue with the first thesis. There is opposition, and not all losses are calculated. Therefore, in principle, as it was.
    Throw the second thesis into the trash. I believe that this is an unconfirmed lie.
    1. Cossack 471
      Cossack 471 29 October 2017 21: 19 New
      0
      We have what we have. from the state of the economy the other day I found out that by the number of animals in the country we did not catch up with Tsarist Russia. by the way. the ruble was accepted by banks around the world.
      1. Glory1974
        Glory1974 29 October 2017 22: 04 New
        +3
        We have what we have

        Well yes. By the level of the rural population in the Northwest region at the level of the 18 century (excluding St. Petersburg)
        But on the other hand, in terms of the presence of braids or sickles, we will never catch up with the Russian Empire. Is it correct to measure this?
        1. ammunition
          ammunition 29 October 2017 22: 43 New
          +1
          Quote: glory1974
          in terms of the presence of braids or sickles, we will never catch up with the Russian Empire

          Here the USSR, in terms of sickles, was even ahead of the Russian Empire. And much winked And at the level of hammers .. a thousand times superior.
          1. Golovan Jack
            Golovan Jack 29 October 2017 23: 00 New
            +7
            Quote: ammunition
            Here the USSR, in terms of sickles, was even ahead of the Russian Empire. And much. And in terms of the level of hammers .. a thousand times superior

            Go and go!

            There was such a "slogan" under the Union ... oh, we were young then, and bad ...
  12. E_V_N
    E_V_N 29 October 2017 22: 58 New
    +1
    The reserves of free-fall bombs (for example, FAB-250 M-62 and OFAB-250) are, almost figuratively, unlimited in our country, but there are not enough high-precision ammunition, said Lavrov. In this regard, such weapons “have to be used practically from the factories, since no reserves have been created,” the expert explained.

    In 2016, an article came up with the deputy commander of the VKS, and so it said that in the Russian Federation they went the other way. Instead of equipping each bomb with corrective mechanisms and navigation systems like in the USA, automatic aiming and bombing systems were created and installed on planes. That is, the plane, having received the target, is displayed on the desired course on autopilot and automatic bombing is performed at the right time, the system itself takes into account both altitude and wind and weather conditions and other parameters. Moreover, the article argued that the accuracy of bombing is not only no worse, but even better than that of the Americans with their high-precision bombs.
    1. Mih1974
      Mih1974 31 October 2017 05: 13 New
      0
      It seems a bit worse, they have 1-2 meters, we have 3-5, but as for me - that 2, that 5 meters 500 kg of explosives will fling from me, I don’t care for any laughing .
      At the same time, we have a cardinal difference from mattresses: if you drown out the satellite binding for an airplane, this is a very hemorrhoid and high-energy task (for which, by the way, they can drop a separate bomb), it is already easier to jam the signal “closer to the ground”. That is, if our plane went "to the drop-off point" and they didn’t put it to it - it’s too late to "stifle" something, the gift is already flying to you, while American bombs can be influenced in the fall process. I will not say that it is possible to make it collapse on enemy trenches laughing , but that you didn’t snoop over our heads - a sort of realizable task.
  13. turbris
    turbris 30 October 2017 11: 38 New
    0
    What is really good for our Air Force is the experience of operating aircraft in difficult climatic conditions and the experience of using existing air-to-ground weapons. The staff copes with this superbly. An accident with a rolled-out Su-24, in relation to the number of sorties, does not mean anything - the tragic accident from which the corresponding conclusions will be drawn is a pity of the dead pilots, of course, but this also happens in peacetime - this is their job.
    1. Mih1974
      Mih1974 31 October 2017 05: 18 New
      0
      They write that it seems that they managed to let through almost all combat aviation (pilots) through Syria. This is not for you to throw in the "cardboard" at the exercises. And this is essentially after the "defeat" in the war 08/08/08. Yes, yes, I must admit that the war in Georgia then showed our complete unpreparedness for the use of combat aircraft.
      While there, I really don’t know if they write about the actions of American pilots that they don’t even use weapons against the Syrians and Iranians in the presence of our fighters so that our people would not take it as aggression (and do not fill it to hell). lol