Military Review

Aircraft and Vultures

27



In the era of global communication, our officials succeeded in transferring economic and partly political life to manual control. The famous test pilot, Hero of Russia, Magomed Tolboev, described it this way: something is being done if Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin shows a finger. Otherwise, no.

Strange situation: high-tech and promising plants of the final cycle, including the aircraft industry, are in ruins. Last year’s cycle of articles in the military industrial complex (“Flights and kickbacks”, “Installation to lag”, “Undercover Wings”, etc.) revealed only a part of the problems facing the industry.

At the request of overseas "friends", the production of a long-range interception complex based on the "three-winged" MiG-31, which has no analogue in the world, has been stopped. Today, the relevance of this aircraft in connection with the claims of our Western "partners" to the Russian North has only increased. Hidden while the “focus” is in the ability of the aircraft to carry long-range hypersonic “Zircons” (https://www.vpk-news.ru/articles/36429) with reprogrammable trajectory guidance and replacing the anti-ship warhead with a cassette - against the carriers of the Toramav KR B-52, B-1 and B-2.

On the “Three Machs” a direct start of the “Zircon” engine is possible. So, you can not carry the booster level, which constitutes a large part of the weight.

It is also criminal to refuse to manufacture the An-124 transporter, which provides strategic mobility of the troops and, by the way, delivered Triumph C-400 to Syria. "Ruslans" could quickly complement the Northern Sea Importation, deliver means to overcome man-made and natural disasters in the interests of the Ministry of Emergency Situations. The unique feature of An-124 is the transportation of oversized cargo on an external sling. The design requirement included the delivery of the Buran Soviet space shuttle to Baikonur. "Ruslan" opened up unprecedented opportunities for the national economic development of Siberia and the Far East. It could deliver oversized products for large energy facilities, industrial complexes for deep oil refining, and other indivisible equipment.

The specific cost of delivery of “Ruslan” on 10 – 15 is lower percent than that of the direct competitor C-5 “Galaxy”, and approximately twice less than that of C-17 “Globmaster”, with an incomparable cargo nomenclature. Apparently, this explains the reluctance to resume the production of unique aircraft, and those released under Soviet power are written off for scrap and then filled in with a niche of Euro-American technology. The strategic mobility of the troops will have to be forgotten.

The fate of the world's best long-haul aircraft (TerpIly-96) is dramatic. With a price of about 30 percent lower than Boeing and Airbus and a mass less than 20 tons, the Il-96 had an undeniable superiority in range, reliability and economy. In the United States, it was the time when our car lobbyists were found: the billionaire Armand Hammer and his comrades who relied on monopoly rents from the product. When Ilyushin ratio price and quality of the aircraft did not leave any chance to competitors, but the State Department intervened in the United States. Through agents of influence, a campaign of defamation and slander was launched, including in Russia. In the end - IL-96 flies only in the presidential squadron.

A phased program of innovation support for the quality of the “ninety-sixth” medium-term (up to 30 – 35 years) included advanced offers and technologies, but was killed in the bud by official arbitrariness.

If the designers of the State Research Center named after Makeev manage to keep the starting weight of the Sarmat rocket within 130 – 150 tons, its air launch from the Ruslan is quite possible. The same can be done with the two “Poplars” or “Yars”. In addition to railway-based weapons The argument is serious. With significant, but quite real processing, the Ruslan is capable of becoming a flying aircraft carrier of manned combat aircraft or UAVs.

Back to the IL-96 - what is it "in camouflage"? First of all, the DRLOU variant is seen with a mushroom antenna. For him, a wide fuselage is clearly redundant. A diameter is quite sufficient, in 1,5 – 2 times smaller. Perhaps the sections of the fuselage will be suitable, in addition to the center section, from the IL-112 series. IL-96 is suitable for long-distance patrols and keeping in touch with the sub-warmer, like an anti-submarine or rescue aircraft. And this is an incomplete list of functionals.

In the current situation, the issue of restoring the production of IL-96 and An-142 "Ruslan" is of particular relevance. These are airplanes with a high potential for asymmetrical confrontation of current and future challenges.

Civilian side and military uniform

In the foreseeable future, a global war is unlikely. But tensions will increase along the southern borders of Russia and on its northern borders. From this it follows that it is hardly advisable to create and maintain attack aircraft capable of breaking through a powerful air defense system. On the contrary, the subsonic serial supplier of long-range cruise missiles in transport, production and economic components is much more efficient than the same Tu-160 and Tu-22МЗ. Therefore, the parallel assembly on a single base of liners, deliverymen of the Kyrgyz Republic and bombers with a thin fuselage is more than justified. The existing productions of An, Il, and Tu are quite consistent with these technological parallels, and it comes out cheap and cheerful. Such bombers are quite capable of ironing the positions and depots of the likely adversary with correctable and even “blunt”, free fall, ammunition. “Tsar bomb” with 12 – 16 caliber tons can be delivered, which “drying” of all types is not suitable for.



It is worth remembering that the Aeroflot Tu-104 jet-borne first-generation “military uniform” was a Tu-16 bomber; . “Snub-nosed” liner IL-114 in anti-submarine and rescue variants is listed as IL-95. By the way, the Tu-142 in China is in service and is produced under the symbol H-18.

In the war years, the transport and passenger Lee-2 (DS-3, C-47) was used as a long-range bomber. The immensely outdated biplane U-2 (Po-2) of Polikarpov became a night bomber, connected, transport and ambulance plane.

From dual functionality - civil and military - to aviation refused. And in vain. The loss of one expensive strategist Tu-160 is difficult to recover. On the contrary, the modern Tupolev liners, processed according to the well-known canons of the MMZ “Experience”, are much cheaper with serial dual-purpose designation. The single loss of such an aircraft in combat modification is annoying, but not critical. For a better understanding, we recall that the Tu-160 along with the R-36 M2 Voyevoda complex were intended for a global war, more precisely, for its prevention, that is, the factor is more political than military.

Of course, this somewhat blurs the expediency of the programs of the promising long-range aviation complex (PAK DA) and the restoration of the production of Tu-160. However, the rapid, advanced aviation development of high-precision long-range weapons only exacerbates the question of which war to prepare for: future or past?

Administrative resource of decline

Vertically integrated administrative-command structures such as UEC or USC, from our point of view, are super-monopolies. At the same time, there is a loss of independence of quite successful enterprises and firms, transfer of finances to the parent company and, finally, the displacement of managers - proven and responsible professionals with the replacement of them, to say gently, with incompetent managers.

It is worth remembering how hundreds of foreign aircraft, some of which are really new, appeared on the market of Russia and the countries of the Customs Union (“From Heaven to Earth”). Electronic bookmarks - half the problem. Even a part of the supposedly new sides was delivered to Russia with an almost developed warranty resource. This is not our horror story - in aviation circles, talk about foreign bookmarks and strange deliveries has been going on for many years. Moreover, in aviation and astronautics it has long been accepted as a rule: the slightest doubt should be considered a reason for abandoning a flight.

In this regard, it is necessary to create an authoritative independent commission, equipped with control and diagnostic equipment for the early detection of bookmarks and the residual life of the aircraft, in order to be able to decommission and return to the unfair supplier of manifestly unsuitable aircraft.

Unfortunately, in addition to the financial costs of purchasing 540 – 550 foreign cars, one should expect a series of disasters in the next three to five years. In order to prevent the death of thousands of people, it is already necessary to start mass production of domestic aircraft to replace imported trash.

But besides the conditions for technological sabotage, there is also a reason for the protest controlled chaos, in which the Anglo-Saxons are great masters.

Unknown local

If the situation with the medium and long-haul main aviation is still tolerable, then transportation on local airlines (MVL) collapsed 50 times. In the old days, the MVL was serviced by the An-28, L-410, Yak-40, An-2 and other aircraft. According to experts from SIBNIA them. Chaplygin, after repairing and replacing on-board equipment, can be returned to operation up to 150 An-2 and up to 100 Yak-40. We believe that the refurbishment with the extension of the life cycle will add more on 30 – 50 An-2 and Yak-40, bought from private owners and in the CIS countries.
The liberal tradition in aviation requires the re-motorization of the An-2 and Yak-40 with the help of the American company Honeywell. Although the Russian M-25 motors are quite suitable for the first, and for the second, the Au-225-25 from FC Yak-130. We believe it is possible to equip the Yak-40 also with dual-circuit motor-compressor engines with a discharge turbine (turbulizer). At takeoff and maximum thrust, fuel savings will be substantial, while in cruise mode it will be significant. Such a motor will make it cheaper to three to four times, so the officials, in our opinion, will not allow its development.

There is a variant of equipping the Yak-40 and An-2 with a single power drive-motor traction systems. For “Anton” a lowering hydrodynamic variable transmission is necessary. In the case of the Yaks, this is a direct twin-engine tandem fan and compressor drive.

Stop the destruction of the Russian aviation industry could be a man of great trust, deserved authority, endowed with power capabilities, high state status and, finally, interested in maintaining design schools and developing the industry. This is Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu.
Author:
Originator:
https://vpk-news.ru/articles/39496
27 comments
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  1. SERGUS
    SERGUS 26 October 2017 15: 34
    +2
    Even part of the supposedly new boards was delivered to Russia with an almost exhausted warranty resource.

    Well, I don’t believe in this, because under the guise of new airplanes junk was delivered, so that the used ones could not be distinguished from the new one, and it wasn’t in the interests of aircraft manufacturers that, in the end, Boeing and Airbus would compete with each other and spoil their reputation, which means lose the market. In a word, some kind of nonsense.
    1. viktorch
      viktorch 26 October 2017 15: 51
      +1
      what’s the problem, give it to the paw and everything’s ok, not in the patches of the car, but after the repair you can’t tell the new from the bu if you do not understand it deeply.
      1. SERGUS
        SERGUS 26 October 2017 16: 15
        0
        Quote: viktorch
        and after repair you can’t tell novye from boo if you don’t understand it deeply.

        The passenger may not be distinguished, any aircraft will do it without difficulty.
        Quote: viktorch
        what's the problem, give up on the paw and everything is ok

        Well, if the airline bought used planes at the price of new ones and someone made money on it, then what does the aircraft manufacturer have to do with it?
  2. NIKNN
    NIKNN 26 October 2017 15: 47
    +5
    For some reason, the authors have collected a whole bunch of water and warm and soft and square ...
    followed by filling the niche with Euro-American technology. О strategic mobility of troops will have to forget.
    This is where in our Air Force there is Euro-American equipment? ... The rest is not even commented on, like I can’t close my mouth yet ...
    1. Buffet
      Buffet 27 October 2017 14: 27
      +2
      The article is generally written with a margin from reality. About the MiG-41 PAK VP or how is it, have not heard? And about PAK TA Ermak? Not? We are launching a bunch of all kinds of projects again, taking into account new technologies. Only this business is not one day and not one year ...
  3. Doliva63
    Doliva63 26 October 2017 18: 30
    +9
    I have comrades from the Ministry of Emergencies, they have a different opinion about Shoigu. Given their prof. experience, I tend to trust them.
    1. Vlad.by
      Vlad.by 27 October 2017 00: 45
      0
      And you do not hide behind your comrades. Voice an opinion. Ministry of Emergencies after Shoigu has become a very decent, highly equipped, mobile and organized service. Maybe your comrades were "asked" from there in connection with ideological differences, but now they are casting a shadow on the wattle fence?
    2. Grits
      Grits 27 October 2017 20: 36
      +2
      I have comrades from the Ministry of Emergencies, they have a different opinion about Shoigu. Given their prof. experience, I tend to trust them
      Agree
  4. igorra
    igorra 26 October 2017 18: 32
    +1
    Does a Boeing officially pay up to 10% of the cost of an aircraft to conclude a contract for the supply of an aircraft, and which of the officials will refuse net money?
  5. EvilLion
    EvilLion 26 October 2017 18: 39
    +2
    At the request of overseas “friends”, the production of a long-range interception complex based on the “three-swing” MiG-31, which has no analogue in the world, was stopped. Today, the relevance of this aircraft in connection with the claims of our Western "partners" in the Russian North has only increased.


    You can not read further.
    1. Vlad.by
      Vlad.by 27 October 2017 00: 46
      0
      Yeah. Katz offers to give up
  6. sevtrash
    sevtrash 26 October 2017 18: 45
    0
    First, like, "chef! Everything was lost, everything was lost ..." And the last paragraph, as it were, but Shoigu will save everything. This, as it were, his campaign for the presidency? Well, it’s better than Sobchak. And not only.
  7. Ales
    Ales 26 October 2017 19: 01
    +1
    Unfortunately, the description of the Northern Plant and An-124 uses incorrect information. To receive such aircraft, a runway (by standards) with a total thickness of 1,8 ... 2 meters (including a cushion of sand, gravel and two concrete grades) is required. For other BTA aircraft, significantly less concrete thickness and even plate airfields with a thickness of 140 ... 180mm
  8. Ales
    Ales 26 October 2017 19: 07
    +3
    Discussions about strategic aviation are at the student level. If a decision is made on the reproduction of the Tu-160M2 - this is a reasonable decision. For this, there are Air Force values ​​and there are very smart people and with good education and work experience. This plane has its own new niche if huge funds are mastered, cutting other programs. If this is not reflected in the media, why should you think that everything is done wrong?
    1. SMP
      SMP 26 October 2017 21: 01
      +1
      Ales Today, 19:07 PM
      Discussions about strategic aviation are at the student level. If a decision is made on the reproduction of the Tu-160M2 - this is a reasonable decision. For this, there are Air Force and there are very smart people and with good education and work experience.


      These clever people wrote an article, do you sometimes use the links to sources to check to check? At the end of the article is a link to the defense industry magazine.



      At the request of overseas "friends", the production of a long-range interception complex based on the "three-winged" MiG-31, which has no analogue in the world, has been stopped. Today, the relevance of this aircraft in connection with the claims of our Western "partners" to the Russian North has only increased. Hidden while the “focus” is in the ability of the aircraft to carry long-range hypersonic “Zircons” (https://www.vpk-news.ru/articles/36429) with reprogrammable trajectory guidance and replacing the anti-ship warhead with a cassette - against the carriers of the Toramav KR B-52, B-1 and B-2.


      And they wrote as it should, then lately the general authorities and the Maaarshals divorced like dirt .....
      1. Ales
        Ales 27 October 2017 16: 26
        +1
        And I do not need to follow the link. And the incomprehensible opinion of the colonel of the VKS to read. It does not apply to those organizations about which it was written. I participate in the discussion of the issues that I own. And according to your statements, I can determine that you are far from this question. Of course, anyone can express an opinion, but those who know, but do not think how it can be affirm and receive
        1. SMP
          SMP 28 October 2017 16: 37
          +1
          Discussions about strategic aviation are at the student level.


          You called the opinion of two people an engineer, the current colonel of the Russian Space Forces.
          Student opinion at school.

          And actually Who are you? What would someone listen to your opinion? Or do you not understand this?

          The rest of the booth and defending your opinion in any way, even if it is erroneous.

          Generally Alex I’m far from competent and so on. are you satisfied? calm down.

          VKS colonels have shown themselves in Syria, and this is a real authority,
          and yours and similar anonymous opinions are just white noise ....
          1. Ales
            Ales 7 November 2017 18: 36
            0
            There are many active colonels, and even more engineers. If you are "far from competent", then how to write nonsense? In those organizations about which not a few colonels spoke who are very skilled in matters of the article. Many colonels continue to work there as employees of the RF Armed Forces. But, you don’t even understand: what organizations are we talking about. Can you name the leaders of the test aviation who can confirm something from the article? Can you refer to the opinion of leading experts in the aviation industry? Many are able to chat
            Go through the forest, a man near the air force
  9. free
    free 26 October 2017 19: 08
    +2
    Hang, shoot, confiscate!
    1. SMP
      SMP 26 October 2017 21: 07
      0
      Quote: free
      Hang, shoot, confiscate!


      And start preferably within a month ........... good
      1. Fedor1
        Fedor1 27 October 2017 04: 24
        +1
        Immediately! To the wall of all traitors!
  10. Eight
    Eight 26 October 2017 19: 18
    +3
    “It’s worth remembering that the first-born“ Aeroflot ”Tu-104 in military uniform was a Tu-16 bomber, the long-range Tu-114“ in combination ”is a strategic Tu-95 bomber and anti-submarine Tu-142."
    The author misleads the reader. There was neither Tu-104 nor Tu-114 in military uniform.
    The Tu-16 bomber and the Tu-95 bomber were created. When they were created, no one thought about passenger traffic.
    And already during the creation of the Tu-104 and Tu-114, the achievements on military aircraft were used.
  11. Sharansky
    Sharansky 26 October 2017 19: 29
    0
    The IL-96 possessed undeniable superiority in range, reliability and economy.

    The facts suggest otherwise. The IL-96 turned out to be commercially unprofitable. Therefore, it is used only by the presidential air squad.
  12. Fedor1
    Fedor1 27 October 2017 04: 30
    0
    Apparently not all flags-mattresses have yet been removed from secret production offices.
  13. AID.S
    AID.S 27 October 2017 07: 35
    0
    Vector article-propolymers. I also sometimes have this mood.
  14. naspret
    naspret 30 October 2017 13: 07
    0
    Did the author even re-read what he wrote? There is no sense in the article, but counter-revolutionary sentiments are evident. And with us we have a short conversation! hi bully
  15. ADmA_RUS
    ADmA_RUS 3 November 2017 08: 47
    0
    Author. Civil priorities when choosing materials, mechanization, electronics, etc. often differ fundamentally from military requirements.
    Building a civilian and military modification based on one prototype is pointless. It will be too expensive, too long and unprofitable.