Military Review

Russian Grenadier - the protagonist of the Battle of the Nations

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Russian Grenadier - the protagonist of the Battle of the Nations



The feat of Leonty Korennogo, which he performed in the largest battle of the XIX century Leipzig battle, impressed even Napoleon

The grandiose plans of the great French commander Napoleon Bonaparte to conquer the whole world were broken by the Russians. Napoleon, having collected a huge army from almost all of Europe, moved it to Russia.

The ingenious strategist took into account many factors, but did not take into account the most important thing - a solid Russian character; a simple Russian peasant beat the Gauls and others like them, both in Russia and outside its borders, during the foreign campaign of the Russian army.

These words fully relate to the grenadier of the Life Guards of the Finnish Regiment, Leonty Korennoy. He proved himself in the battle of Borodino and in the battle of Leipzig, known as the Battle of the Nations.

Information about the place and time of birth of Leonty Korennogo did not reach us. It is known that he was recruited from the peasants and began service in the Kronstadt garrison battalion, then served in the Imperial police battalion, which in 1808 was renamed the Life Guards Finnish Regiment.

As an experienced soldier, to that having excellent physical characteristics, tall, powerful physique and unprecedented strength, he was enrolled in the 3-th grenadier company, which took the best soldiers. In this company, he met with the regiment of the Patriotic War and took part in the famous Battle of Borodino. Before the battle, the regiment was stationed at the village of Semenovskaya.

"The whole burden of the battle of Borodino, - historians note, - lay down on the parts located near the village of Semenovskaya."

Root this time was in the thick of battle. He was among the group of six grenadiers who held one of the strategic positions. For the shown courage of Korennaya, along with other distinguished 106-th lower ranks, received the insignia of the Military Order.

In the battle of Borodino, the Finnish regiment lost 554 man, up to a third of its composition, but together with other units continued to participate in hostilities: in the Tarutinsky maneuver and the battles of the Knyazhny, near Krasny, near the village of Good, and the subsequent foreign campaign and battles at Lutzen, Bautzen , Deeppiswalde and Leipzig.

In the battle of Leipzig, the Finnish regiment was located in the most important direction near the village of Gossy. The Finnish regiment tried to squeeze the enemy out of the village; in the bloody battle, the regimental commander General Maxim Kryzhanovsky was wounded four times. To speed up the assault, a group of soldiers and officers headed by Colonel Gervais decided to go from the rear, they rounded the village, climbed over a high stone wall and rushed at the enemy. The French did not immediately notice the attack from the rear, but rather quickly restructured and surrounded the group of brave souls.

A small detachment took up a defensive position near the fence, and since there was only one path of retreat — back through the fence, they helped the wounded to move back through it. Native supported colleagues: "Do not give up guys."

First, he threw all the wounded through the wall - growth and strength allowed to do it, and then he took it again weapon.

However, there were much more opponents, and the French put all those who did not manage to hide behind the wall. Root was left alone, the French offered him to surrender, but he fought to the last, and when the cartridges ran out, he began to fight off with the butt of his gun. The French floated the bayonets and plunged the Russian bogatyr to the ground.

We must pay tribute to the French, they did not finish off the Russian soldier, but even provided him with medical assistance. In the infirmary, where the grenadier’s wounds were bandaged, he was suddenly met by Napoleon himself, who decided to visit the wounded soldiers. After hearing the story of a brave Russian warrior, Napoleon acted like a king and told him to let go of him.

When the grenadier returned from captivity, the fellow soldiers were unspeakably surprised, they were already mourning the beloved “uncle Korenny”. For the courage shown in the battle of Leipzig and the rescue of officers, Leonty Korennoy was promoted immediately to the ensigns - the highest noncommissioned officer and became the standard-bearer of the regiment. He was also granted a special silver medal around his neck with the inscription "For the love of the Fatherland."

After the Battle of the Nations, the fate of Leonty Koorny was unknown. Maybe after the end of the overseas campaign, he returned to the young wife Praskovya Egorovna (in 1812, she was 24, probably Leonty was not much older than his wife), or we died the death of the brave on the battlefield, we do not know.

However, for a long time in the life guards of the Finnish regiment there was a song composed by fellow soldiers, in memory of the legendary grenadier:

We remember Uncle Native,
He lives in our memory ...
Author:
Originator:
http://rusplt.ru/wins/russkiy-grenader-glavnyiy-31116.html
29 comments
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  1. polpot
    polpot 22 October 2017 15: 05 New
    +4
    Thanks for the famous event article
  2. verner1967
    verner1967 22 October 2017 16: 37 New
    +1
    The article is good, or rather, the hero of the article, a real hero (sorry for taftology), but the description of the feat is something ...
    and when the ammo ran out
    because Berdan’s rifle was adopted by the Russian army in 1868, well, he couldn’t shoot back from the French alone with a muzzle-loading gun
    to the last cartridge
    1. Roman 11
      Roman 11 22 October 2017 17: 18 New
      0
      Quote: verner1967
      Well, he couldn’t shoot back from the French alone with a muzzle-loading gun

      Do not cling, everything is approximately .... the shooting was not conducted. Maybe he fired back from those left by his comrades, and when the French lay down, he recharged.

      The author’s train of thought is to his liking, in history there have been many deeds of our soldiers and many have been undeservedly forgotten.

      For example, near Riga in 1701, the Saxon-Polish-Russian troops retreated and fled after the attack of Charles the 12th. 2 companies seem to have been forgotten, in my opinion guards .... i.e. they did not receive an order, the Swedes came and almost all were killed, no one retreated. There were few of ours.
      1. verner1967
        verner1967 22 October 2017 17: 22 New
        0
        Quote: Novel 11
        and when the French lay down, recharged

        Do you imagine the process of reloading a gun from a muzzle? And then, do not consider the French soldiers cowards and fools.
        Quote: Novel 11
        The train of thought of the author
        I have no questions for the story itself, but this is not a site of "youthful creativity", such blunders are allowed.
      2. polpot
        polpot 22 October 2017 18: 19 New
        0
        You are right in this sense, the history of the formation of the 62th Suzdal Regiment in 1707 from the encirclement who left under their own power with battles from Saxony in most of their former archers is interesting.
      3. moskowit
        moskowit 22 October 2017 20: 58 New
        +2
        I quote excerpts from the text of the history of the Finnish Regiment ... A full book can be found in the library "Runivers" under the heading of regimental stories ....

        and second sheet ....
        1. moskowit
          moskowit 22 October 2017 21: 09 New
          +3
          It turns out there is a book dedicated to the Hero ...
          Those who wish can download without problems ...
          1. Freeman
            Freeman 22 October 2017 21: 54 New
            +2
            moskowit Today, 21:09 ↑
            It turns out there is a book dedicated to the Hero ...

            There is one such -
            Valentin Pikul. "Eighteen bayonet wounds."

            http://aria-art.ru/0/P/Pikul'%20V.%20Vosemnadcat
            '% 20shtykovyh% 20ran / 1.html
    2. polpot
      polpot 22 October 2017 17: 20 New
      +1
      A paper cartridge for muzzle-loading weapons appeared in 1530 in Spain in the Russian army there was a team of bite cartridge obviously in the days before the adoption of the Berdan system
      1. verner1967
        verner1967 22 October 2017 17: 34 New
        0
        Quote: polpot
        A paper cartridge for muzzle-loading weapons appeared in 1530 in Spain in the Russian army there was a team of bite cartridge obviously in the days before the adoption of the Berdan system

        AND? A paper cartridge is a metered amount of gunpowder wrapped in paper,
        when loading the shooter tore the paper shell of the cartridge, poured gunpowder into the barrel of the weapon, used paper as a wad and sent a bullet from above. Appearance b. the cartridge did not release the shooter from the need to sprinkle the seed on the shelf, and then set fire to it during the firing of the shot, which took a significant part of the time when loading.
        That is, the acceleration of the production of the shot was minimal.
        1. polpot
          polpot 22 October 2017 17: 45 New
          0
          Yes, I do not mind but he was
          1. verner1967
            verner1967 22 October 2017 18: 17 New
            0
            Quote: polpot
            but he was

            but I didn’t write that he was not there, the question is about the rate of fire of a muzzle-loading gun, even with cartridges
  3. Hurricane70
    Hurricane70 22 October 2017 17: 00 New
    +2
    Then there were some other concepts of honor and nobility to the defeated, but brave enemy, but they sunk into oblivion!
    1. Freeman
      Freeman 22 October 2017 21: 51 New
      +1
      Quote: Hurricane70
      Then there were some other concepts of honor and nobility to the defeated, but brave enemy, but they sunk into oblivion!

      "And eighteen times stabbed
      Bayonet until he fell. "
      Praise and glory to the white-haired gray-haired grenadiers of the old guard of Napoleon. Respecting the courage of Korenny, who was left alone, but did not want to surrender, they pricked him with bayonets "not to the inside, inflicting better wounds so as not to death ..", as Korenny himself later told Russian doctors who did not believe that after eighteen bayonet wounds could survive.
  4. Freeman
    Freeman 22 October 2017 17: 42 New
    +5
    Root this time was in the thick of battle. He was among the group of six grenadiers who held one of the strategic positions. For the shown courage of Korennaya, along with other distinguished 106-th lower ranks, received the insignia of the Military Order.

    In 1812, at the battle of Borodin, Korennaya received the insignia of the Military Order (No. 16970). 2 grenadiers and 4 arrows, among which is shown distinguished and Korennaya, according to the official description of their exploits, showed their difference as follows: “All the time of the battle (of Borodinsky) with the enemy, they were in the arrows and repeatedly denied the chains that strengthened him, striking hard, and each step was marked by courage and courage, which, having knocked over the enemy, betrayed him to flight and, having driven him out with bayonets from the forest, took a place that they stubbornly defended for several hours. "

    "Bonopart himself glorified him,
    Order sent by the army,
    In the example of all the Russian set,
    So that everyone knows the root ... "
    Soldier song about Root.

    The feat of the soldier is not forgotten by modern poets.
    Uncle Root
    Sergey Behler / 2009 y. /

    "We remember Uncle Root,
    He lives in our memory ... "
    And the glory of the past
    In all greatness stands up.

    A century of nobility! A cruel age
    And its hum has not ceased for centuries ...
    I see how I entered Europe
    Life Guards Finnish Regiment.

    Near Leipzig in the village of Gossa,
    About which I have never heard in my life
    He saved the commander, did not abandon
    And he himself got into history.

    Back against the wall, grabbing the barrel
    Shotgun - "Do not come!" shouted.
    And eighteen times stabbed
    Bayonet until he fell ...

    Woke up ... a hospital ... to the people!
    “Do you know who I am? Answer!” -
    "It seems Bonoparty himself, like ..." -
    “Ask what you want.” - “Don’t hush!”

    The French will heal the hero.
    The order of immortality will bring ...
    And glory, reviving the past,
    In all greatness stands up.


    In 1903, in honor of the centenary of the Finland Regiment, officers erected a bronze monument to Uncle Korenny on their savings. Before the revolution, all the officers, entering the front building of the officers' assembly, saluted the monument and took off their cap!
    Four bas-reliefs located on the pedestal of the monument depicted episodes from the history of the regiment. Unfortunately, in the 30s the monument was dismantled. But his pedestal has survived to the present day and is located in St. Petersburg in the park near the museum of A.V. Suvorov.
    Not forgotten feat grenadier in our days. Many veteran and public organizations of St. Petersburg are in favor of restoring the monument to the glorious Russian soldier, who surprised with his feat the two best armies of Europe.
    1. verner1967
      verner1967 22 October 2017 18: 25 New
      +3
      A great addition to the story! good It’s only strange that satrap officers, at their own expense, erected a monument to a simple soldier, and the Bolsheviks, who stood up for the people (allegedly), demolished it to hell. Yes, they did not like peasants ...
  5. Settlement Oparyshev
    Settlement Oparyshev 22 October 2017 18: 26 New
    0
    Everything is described correctly, but of course you can’t do without BUT.
    It’s not necessary to explain why the Napoleon’s Army didn’t go to Russia to St. Petersburg, but to Muscovy? Napoleon’s strength was not enough for such a company, therefore Alexashka helped him 1st.
    The uniform is the same as that of the French, that of the Russians. Yes and the orders in the Russian army were given in French, according to the militia, it was difficult for the simple people to figure out who.
    Therefore, they wet everyone with a row and the French and St. Petersburg.
    The Moscow militia, without a gunshot in abundance, beat with spades and cold. We lost, retreated, but fought bravely. The victors wrote the story, there was no place for the Militia. But who knows about it, he will bow his head with respect, to the defenders of Muscovy. to those people!
    1. bbss
      bbss 22 October 2017 18: 52 New
      +5
      Nonsense full.
      1. Settlement Oparyshev
        Settlement Oparyshev 22 October 2017 19: 22 New
        0
        This is in your head.
        1. bbss
          bbss 22 October 2017 19: 58 New
          0
          Companions Bebika, tie with mushrooms.
          1. Settlement Oparyshev
            Settlement Oparyshev 22 October 2017 20: 39 New
            0
            Why moderators do not ban for uninformative comments?
            1. The comment was deleted.
              1. Settlement Oparyshev
                Settlement Oparyshev 23 October 2017 05: 43 New
                0
                You know better about narcotic nonsense; you have never left it at your place there.
                And about the story, you don’t have to sit on the couch for rolls, and read not only the winners’s story, but also carefully think about the history of the losing game. When you study both stories, oh yes, you aren’t up to it, you’re in a drug smoke. Excuse me. And don’t write their hallucinations do not need more.
                1. Save
                  Save 23 October 2017 08: 55 New
                  0
                  ... carefully pondering the story of losing.
                  After losing, it's too late to think.
    2. Rey_ka
      Rey_ka 23 October 2017 10: 21 New
      0
      Bonopart was not going to fight at all with Russia. Even in Vityabsk, he said that the war with Russia is a war of 2 years. 1813-Moscow 1814-St. Petersburg. Moscow was positioned as the spiritual center of Russia. Therefore, Napoleon only showed strength and forced Alexander to peace, and therefore did not go to the capital. And for Bonoparte it was absolutely violet Muscovy or Peter was all considered the Russian Empire! Therefore, he sat in Moscow and waited for a peace treaty with Alexander
  6. Rey_ka
    Rey_ka 23 October 2017 10: 15 New
    0
    No wonder the war of 1812 is called the last war of the knights
  7. CentDo
    CentDo 23 October 2017 11: 04 New
    0
    Where did the Grenadier come from in the Life Guards of the Finnish Regiment? The regiment at that time consisted of three jaeger battalions. Root was indeed a hero, but not a grenadier.
    1. Freeman
      Freeman 23 October 2017 12: 50 New
      +4
      Quote: CentDo
      Where did the Grenadier come from in the Life Guards of the Finnish Regiment? The regiment at that time consisted of three jaeger battalions. Root was indeed a hero, but not a grenadier.

      19.10.1811/3/XNUMX - reorganized into XNUMX jaeger battalions and named Life Guards Finnish Regiment. The battalion consisted of one grenadier and three rangers.
      source: http://tverdyi-znak.livejournal.com/337661.html



      source: History of the Life Guards of the Finland Regiment 1806-1906
      http://www.runivers.ru/bookreader/book56971/#page
      / 1 / mode / 1up
      1. CentDo
        CentDo 23 October 2017 14: 51 New
        +1
        Was wrong. Thank you for correcting.
  8. Wengr
    Wengr 24 October 2017 23: 47 New
    0
    Quote: pp to Oparyshev
    Everything is described correctly, but of course you can’t do without BUT.
    It’s not necessary to explain why the Napoleon’s Army didn’t go to Russia to St. Petersburg, but to Muscovy? Napoleon’s strength was not enough for such a company, therefore Alexashka helped him 1st.
    The uniform is the same as that of the French, that of the Russians. Yes and the orders in the Russian army were given in French, according to the militia, it was difficult for the simple people to figure out who.
    Therefore, they wet everyone with a row and the French and St. Petersburg.
    The Moscow militia, without a gunshot in abundance, beat with spades and cold. We lost, retreated, but fought bravely. The victors wrote the story, there was no place for the Militia. But who knows about it, he will bow his head with respect, to the defenders of Muscovy. to those people!

    Peter, Muscovy? Lord, doctor ...