Military Review

October 20 - Day of the military communications Russia

50
Today, in the Armed Forces of the country, people celebrate their professional holiday, without the successful activity of which it is really impossible to perform a single modern operation, be it a training operation or a combat one. We are talking about military communications. It is they that provide uninterrupted exchange of information both between individual units and between entire military formations — exchanges at various levels, at any time of the day, in any weather, including political weather.


Officially countdown stories The modern service of military signalmen leads from October 20 to 1919, when, as part of the Red Army field headquarters, a communications directorate appears at the height of the Civil War in Soviet Russia. It was formed by order of the Revolutionary Military Council No. XXUMX / 1736. We are talking about the so-called UCA, which was deciphered as the "Directorate of Communications of the Red Army."

The task of the USKA was to manage all the means of communication available to the troops at that time. Since 1920, USCA representatives have been granted the right to inspect parts using these and newly available funds. These are telephone and telegraph equipment, cables and corresponding electrical fittings. USKA in its original form did not last long.

By order of the USSR Revolutionary Military Council for the number 446 / 96 of 28 in March, the USKA 1924, as it is now said, was “optimized”. He was connected to the State Military Engineering Institute (Main Military Engineering Directorate) and transformed into the Military Technical Directorate (VTU) of the Red Army, subordinate to the Chief of Procurement of the Red Army.

After seven years or so, a new reorganization. The 33 th order of the RVS of the USSR from 17 in May 1931 of the year divides the WTU into two departments - the Red Army Communications Directorate and the Military Engineering Directorate. And in the 1934 year, in accordance with the regulations of the USSR Commissariat of Defense, USKA, as the central body of the people's commissariat, is charged with providing all the units of the Red Army with communication facilities. Three more years - and a new reorganization: by the order of NKO No. 0114 from 26 in July 1937, the Red Army’s Technical Directorate had been merged into the Red Army Communications Administration. That is, the name is the same, but there are much more functions and rights.

This, incidentally, to the question that the reform “in both directions” (with the creation of one of two, and then the division of one by two) is carried out, as evidenced by the history of the USSR Armed Forces and the Armed Forces, quite actively not only in our time. Each time cycle dictates its tasks. And how effective and efficient mergers and divisions become is a topic for another discussion.

A significant contribution to the development of communications troops was made by the Soviet commander, a native of the city of Gorlovka, Ivan Peresypkin. On his shoulders lay the most difficult task of providing communications for the country, the front and the rear, during the years of the Great Patriotic War. It was Ivan Peresypkin who was the people's commissar of communications of the USSR from May 1939 to July 1944.

In 1941, Ivan Terent'evich became at the same time Deputy Commissar of Defense of the Soviet Union. With him, the country, in its most difficult period, coordinated actions in different areas of front-line and long-range evacuation management, in the course of battles on the front lines, in the rear units and formations, in government structures and in other areas using the means available at that time.

October 20 - Day of the military communications Russia


Ivan Peresypkin personally 21 once went to the front to ensure reliable operation of the structures of military communications. Moscow Battle, Kursk Bulge, the liberation of Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic States. In February, 1944, Ivan Terent'evich became the first military man in the history of the country - the title of Marshal of the USSR Communications Forces. At that time, he was not 40.

An invaluable contribution to the Great Victory was made, of course, not only by the generals of the communications troops. A total of 304 military signalman in the years of the bloodiest war in the history of mankind became Heroes of the Soviet Union. The 133 military signalman — full cavaliers of the Order of Glory; before 600 communications units, as a reward for their enormous contribution to the defeat of the Nazi armies, they received military orders, and the 58 units became guards.

Speaking on the Day of the Military Communications Officer about the people who forged the victory, one cannot but say about the equipment they used to provide communication on the front line and in the rear. One of the most popular radio stations during the Great Patriotic War was the BSR (battalion modernized radio station). This is an improved version of the radio station RB (3-P). Radio stations with the factory code Levka were produced from 1942 of the year to the beginning of 50's. The beginning of the production was laid on the electrosignal plant evacuated to Novosibirsk from Voronezh, plant No. XXUMX. The RB and RBM radio stations are the brainchild of Soviet radio engineers K.V. Zakhvatoshin, I.S. Mitsner, I.A.Belyaev, A.V.Savodnik, A.F. Oblomov and E.N. Genisht. All of them were awarded for their invention of the Stalin Prize.



From the RBM kit: transceiver, power packaging, handset, headphones, telegraph key, collapsible small whip antenna, horizontal dipole antenna, collapsible vertical antenna mast 7 height with counterweight.

The radio station operated in two frequency bands: from 1,5 to 2,75 MHz and from 2,75 to 5 MHz.

The RBM may well be called the “grandmother” of modern technical means of military communications.

In modern conditions, when new forms of warfare are constantly being introduced, based on the use of the network-centric method of command and control of troops, the role and importance of communication troops is significantly increasing. This places special demands on both the technology itself and the training of specialists.

From the release Ministry of Defense of Russia:
The main focus of efforts to create a promising communication system of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is the execution of tasks for its transfer from the technologies of building primary and secondary communication networks to the technologies of building a single transport (stationary and field) communication network, access networks and object communication networks of control points of the Armed Forces.
The Main Communications Directorate of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, together with other interested military control agencies, is working on the creation of a unified automated digital communications network of the Armed Forces. It will ensure compliance with the requirements of the control system of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in terms of timely and reliable delivery of combat command orders from control centers at all levels to fire destruction facilities, providing the necessary quality communication services to officials of the military control authorities.




In the current year, the communications forces continued to receive the latest facilities, including command and staff vehicles.
Р-149АКШ-1 on the basis of the car KAMAZ-4320. These CMRs allow you to establish communication over closed Internet channels and implement topographical binding via satellite systems. The development of communications troops continues as part of the modernization program for the Russian Armed Forces.

"Military Review" congratulates military signalmen on their professional holiday!
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Wikipedia
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  1. Amurets
    Amurets 20 October 2017 06: 47 New
    11
    Happy holiday, signalmen. Your lines of communication, wired and wireless, are the nerves of the whole organism along which control commands go. Once again with the holiday.
    1. Finches
      Finches 20 October 2017 07: 48 New
      12
      All military signalmen on their professional holiday!

      1. NIKNN
        NIKNN 20 October 2017 13: 34 New
        +8
        My sincere congratulations!!! Good luck and everything that comes with the kit! smile
    2. Starover_Z
      Starover_Z 20 October 2017 15: 01 New
      +6
      HOLIDAY, colleagues!

      We kept the connection wireless, but behind the Arctic Circle!
    3. Maz
      Maz 20 October 2017 20: 35 New
      +1
      Happy Holidays guys - Senior Master in Electrical Appliances
  2. Amurets
    Amurets 20 October 2017 07: 15 New
    14
    Speaking about the day of the military signalman about the people who forged the victory, one cannot but say about the technology that they used to provide communications on the front lines and in the rear

    And I consider the main character, a signalman of the Second World War, to be a telephone operator, a line operator. This they had to make a connection in any conditions, in rain and snow, heat and under enemy fire. But for some reason, less and less often we recall their military work. Happy holiday telegraph and telephone operators. The memory of your father, in the years of the Second World War of the telephone operator of the RF communications of the Pacific Fleet, made you remember about you.

    In the photo, the main weapon of the line operator
  3. urman
    urman 20 October 2017 07: 33 New
    10
    Happy Holidays !!!!!
  4. bald
    bald 20 October 2017 08: 22 New
    10
    Dear my communication colleagues !!! HOLIDAY, YOU and me !!! Who ... in the rain and mud! This is the valiant WE !!! And this great-grandmother taught me the Morse Code.
    1. urman
      urman 20 October 2017 09: 52 New
      +7
      Quote: bald
      And this great-grandmother taught me the Morse Code.

      good good good And me, too, in the DOSAAF radio school, SUCH SAME!
      1. bald
        bald 20 October 2017 15: 19 New
        +4
        And they taught me directly in the unit. They will divide the salag in half, half into one class - half into another, hand out radio data - and "write" to your pleasure, with all the bells and whistles (work with an electronic candle, thunder with lightning, shell explosions and machine gun bursts, radio data with spare frequencies, appearance and the arrival of someone else’s satellite - transmission is strictly prohibited) - and all this is under tight control, with verification of the correct reception of radiograms.
        1. urman
          urman 20 October 2017 15: 40 New
          +3
          First, we have a dosaaf, then training, with part of the total for almost a year.
          Well, on the other hand, at a point in the remote taiga, after almost two days of internship, to independent duty.
          Well, yes, the R-140 was already studied in training.
          So I’m thinking how today every year everyone is taught.
          We have already been called up with 3rd grade.
          AND BECAUSE OF ONE AND A half YEARS FULLY SERVED.
          They worked at the level, masters, well, they didn’t give them above the first, they said that
          By that time, conscripts had been canceled.
          Well, we were not offended, and it was so interesting.
          The current youth is looking at me staring at it, such as how it might be interesting in the army.
          1. bald
            bald 20 October 2017 15: 58 New
            +3
            good “They, the (exceptional) fools of this, cannot understand what the Army is.” We were strictly taught, after 3 months - 3rd grade, by the year of service 2nd and immediately almost 1st grade. The second year he worked according to the standards of the master, but you do not give the rights of the master for two years - you need experience, I do not remember how much. And the whole service went on wheels - car radio stations. He started with R-118, (GAZ-63), then R-140 (ZIL-157), and still did not serve a year, received a brand new KShMku R-142N (GAZ-66) - with her for a year and served 80 - 82.
            1. urman
              urman 20 October 2017 16: 17 New
              +2
              Quote: bald
              80 - 82.

              He served in those same years. Now he looked at the soldier, it was written st r \ tlg st of high power, but they didn’t record low-power, although this is probably more complicated, since the 130th in my opinion that only in tlg I also had to work out in the taiga.
              1. bald
                bald 20 October 2017 17: 54 New
                +1
                drinks Usually they worked on it in the TLG mode, although there are also TFs. I’m wondering, what did you work with? - A key or a Morse code sensor (we have both this and that) R-014d. According to the TF mode, there were two R-111s at the station, for communication via the R-123MT column, In the rear compartment of the R-809 (I can make mistakes in numbers - they rarely worked on it) - well, the traditional BULL - BULL-ZAS. Everything was terribly interesting. But the coils to TAI-43 had to be wound, from the station, to the KSh-x bunkers. And I envy you from the bottom of my heart - about the taiga - although I have been there, but already in civilian life. drinks
                1. urman
                  urman 20 October 2017 18: 33 New
                  +4
                  The sensor was, well, we did not use it, so occasionally train each other, and for general development. To be able, and so on the key, to fill your hand. Yes, and in winter we have northern lights, terrible noise, the guys who are not in the subject were still amazed at what you record from this cod, we laughed all the same. Yes, and the companions of sworn friends flew, often there was a taboo on communication, now I don’t remember these signals. In the 140th, in my opinion, ten frequencies could be programmed, well, there were spare frequencies to hell, we put these pins with eyes closed. And I also forgot how two fields connected with each other by plugs are called, to select a mode, they were often oxidized, we licked for speed and stuck again, I once, only one took it out of the way and stuck it in my mouth, the impression is not forgotten. his eyes almost got out of their sockets. He didn’t break more than TB, he checked and cleaned BEFORE CHANGE laughing .
                  1. bald
                    bald 20 October 2017 19: 07 New
                    +2
                    I also forgot it - although the roofing felts is a double dipole, the roofing felts are symmetrical - but this is the antenna base, and the variety of the sea - just change the matching device for the antenna. By the way - laughter, after the service then it took 20 years. And so, I sat down at the computer, the first time at Claudia. And fingers themselves ran into consciousness there, not twenty, but 30 years have passed. Thank you for the memory.
                    1. urman
                      urman 20 October 2017 22: 13 New
                      +1
                      Quote: bald
                      I forgot too -

                      Now I came with a gun to watch Salyut-7, while I watched I remembered the R-130 automobile 60 watts, by the way it was in reserve, you could not take it. A portable one that only in TLG P131 (if again I don’t confuse anything) 35 years have passed.
                      1. bald
                        bald 21 October 2017 00: 06 New
                        0
                        I understand, you had: --- R-105, R-1O4, R -118, R-140, R-142N, R-123MT, R-111, R-809 R-405 (RLEYKA), NU AND TRADITIONALLY R-1O5 (by the way, a cool little thing), P - 1O7 ---- Damn IF I WILL CONTINUE FURTHER, TO THE FRUIT, I’ll just get bored with PRDC and PRC, and if there’s only days, the receivers will be an ass! Although honestly, I’d go home, I would attach one ass to the R-311 - MEN is the best reception I have seen (sensitivity and noise reduction) --- even now. n
              2. bald
                bald 21 October 2017 00: 55 New
                0
                The eldest is a radio telegraph operator !!!!
                1. Was mammoth
                  Was mammoth 21 October 2017 17: 41 New
                  +1
                  With the past!
                  He served in the air defense. But, thanks to the fees in the warrior flaunts: "The mechanic ZAS telegraphic letter printing" wink I do not consider myself a signalman, but yesterday we drank for the kind of troops without which Victory cannot be seen as one’s ears.
              3. bald
                bald 21 October 2017 16: 42 New
                0
                One hundred and thirty has nothing to do with it. When it comes to communication - a sensitive issue - that’s why our ears entrusted us.
            2. urman
              urman 20 October 2017 16: 28 New
              +3
              Quote: bald
              And the whole service went on wheels - car radio stations.

              We had the 140th stationary in the room, Zil was separately, so we sat on the ass exactly. And in the taiga with a pawn trail, from the 130th, I’ve been completely foolish from the taiga, wherever I would have been urban at that time, I climbed this way, tonight 100% of the service will be dreamed of.
              Once again with a holiday colleague. drinks
              1. bald
                bald 20 October 2017 22: 08 New
                +2
                I am not baptized - this is my will - GOD in my soul.
          2. bald
            bald 21 October 2017 16: 31 New
            0
            This is generally great --- thank you.
    2. kot28.ru
      kot28.ru 20 October 2017 13: 03 New
      +8
      If the connection is reluctance, then e .... all the infantry! lol
      Happy holiday, colleagues! drinks
    3. Colonel
      Colonel 20 October 2017 14: 12 New
      +6
      R-104, new !!! Where did you get it? Happy holiday !!!!
      1. bald
        bald 21 October 2017 01: 07 New
        +1
        They gave us B \ U, but the pancake was in excellent condition, although they already took part somewhere. Figne - they worked like a Swiss watch.
  5. Egor-dis
    Egor-dis 20 October 2017 08: 44 New
    +1
    Does he have a Windows on the laptop?
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 20 October 2017 12: 57 New
      +2
      Quote: Egor-dis
      Does he have a Windows on the laptop?

      No. AXIS / 2 from IBVM - eternal and indestructible.
  6. Selendis
    Selendis 20 October 2017 09: 26 New
    +5
    Happy holidays, guys, well - the louder you shout - the further you hear)))
    1. urman
      urman 20 October 2017 09: 56 New
      +3
      And so that there is always a connection and there is no such thing that there is direct visibility, but there is no connection! And then you really have to scream loudly laughing
  7. IgorV
    IgorV 20 October 2017 09: 31 New
    +6

    Happy holiday friends and classmates
    1. Finches
      Finches 20 October 2017 10: 38 New
      +8


      I will support you with the banner of my native school!
      1. Glory1974
        Glory1974 20 October 2017 17: 00 New
        +2
        Greetings to graduates of my native school! KVVKUS 92-95
        21 company! Hello!
        1. Finches
          Finches 20 October 2017 19: 58 New
          +2
          Second baht! Colonel Vagin (God forbid, I’m not mistaken) Foreve!)) 3 battalion!
          1. Glory1974
            Glory1974 20 October 2017 21: 35 New
            +1
            Yes sir! Vagin. A company hearing.
  8. Vovanfalcon
    Vovanfalcon 20 October 2017 11: 02 New
    +8
    Happy holiday !!! US "Mufel" VTA Air Force.
  9. Rock616
    Rock616 20 October 2017 11: 59 New
    +8
    WITH HOLIDAY BROTHERS !!! soldier AND SPECIAL HELLO TO ALL WHO SERVED IN MILITARY DEPARTMENT 19612 (Kantemirovskaya division) Communication battalion (separate platoons) soldier drinks


    And here is a peppy song fellow

    1. ICT
      ICT 21 October 2017 08: 47 New
      +1
      here is a clearer song

  10. fif21
    fif21 20 October 2017 12: 55 New
    +9
    All army signalmen on the holiday! drinks Fellow soldiers with a / h 77127 especially! soldier
  11. Karen
    Karen 20 October 2017 16: 23 New
    +5
    For communication without marriage !!!
  12. Glory1974
    Glory1974 20 October 2017 17: 17 New
    +3
    Happy holiday colleagues!
    At the present stage of communication, the first attention, and this helps to reduce losses and increase the effectiveness of the use of weapons.
    For the connection !!!!
  13. Rusfaner
    Rusfaner 20 October 2017 18: 58 New
    +5
    Resolution of the commander of the Group of Forces based on the results of the exercises: "Tankers - excellent! Gods of war and aviation - good! But we do not punish telecommunications workers today!" - from army legends ...

    Happy Holidays, Colleagues!
    (Start of R-410, R-404, etc.)
  14. Vicon
    Vicon 20 October 2017 19: 11 New
    +4
    It is, by the way, that the Bolsheviks destroyed and destroyed everything. With the holiday of all signalmen, signalmen of the Strategic Missile Forces and my classmates - graduates of the Stavropol Higher Military School of Communications named after the 60th anniversary of the Great October Revolution, which has been conscientiously "optimized" and has now ceased to exist. Happy holiday!
  15. evgeny68
    evgeny68 20 October 2017 19: 30 New
    +6
    Happy holiday. GSVG Liaison Team, Frankfurt on oder 1986-88.
  16. polpot
    polpot 20 October 2017 23: 16 New
    +2
    Brothers KShMshchiki 40 army with the holiday of the mountain remember us
  17. exwarrent
    exwarrent 22 October 2017 16: 40 New
    +1
    Happy Holidays, Colleagues!
    Head of the reception center R-454F, Naro-Fominsk, 1997-2000
  18. Bort radist
    Bort radist 25 October 2017 18: 31 New
    0
    Quote: urman
    They worked at the level, masters, well, they didn’t give them above the first, they said that
    By that time, conscripts had been canceled.

    The master needed practical experience of at least 3 years. So that Masters could only get naval, in those days when they served for 5 years, well, or 3 with a good start after DOSAF.
  19. Bort radist
    Bort radist 25 October 2017 18: 42 New
    0
    Quote: bald
    Usually they worked on it in the TLG mode, although there are TFs too.

    We are 90% TLH - ShchSA ?, ShchSA 3, ShchSZh ?. In our phone they asked one radio operator from God to give a signal for tuning, and he gave out a voice ZHZHZHZHZHZHZH. Who worked as a key will understand.
  20. Vov_van
    Vov_van 29 December 2017 07: 41 New
    0
    And what? Printed on time! Today 29.12.2017/XNUMX/XNUMX Apparently VO has a severe crisis with information. Noticed that the same thing wanders from page to page for months. I wonder who pays their salary?