Military Review

Thirteen Heroes of Krasnovka

During the Great Patriotic War, Soviet fighters and commanders often displayed massive heroism, which ultimately led the country to victory in this cruel war. Stories There are cases when following a battle for the title of Heroes of the Soviet Union were represented by whole groups of Soviet soldiers. The most famous such case is the story of 28 Panfilov, which is widely covered in history textbooks, in special literature, and in art. Less well known is the feat of thirteen heroes of the 15 Krasnovka January 1943. All of them died, but for their courage and heroism in battle, they were posthumously presented to the rank of Heroes of the Soviet Union.

Today Krasnovka is a small farm in the Tarasovsky district of the Rostov region, it is located near the Ukrainian border. During World War II, there was a large railway station Krasnovka and a small village Donskoy, which in the winter of 1943, became the scene of fierce battles between the advancing Red Army units and the Nazi troops. The Krasnovka railway station in January 1943 was an important node of the German defense.

1 January 1943, the Soviet troops launched the Rostov offensive, which was part of the North Caucasus strategic offensive operation of the troops of the South-Western, Southern and Transcaucasian Fronts. The main objective of the operation was the liberation of Rostov-on-Don, in addition to this, the Soviet troops had to cut off the withdrawal routes of the North Caucasian group of the German fascist troops to the north. In two weeks of fighting, the troops of the Southern Front fought approximately 150-200 kilometers and reached the bend of the Don and the Manych basin. By the end of January 23, the troops were at the turn of Seversky Donets, Don, Merry, Celina. During the general offensive by mid-February 1943, most of the territory of the Rostov region was liberated from the Nazi invaders. It was during this operation that the historical battle of Krasnovka station occurred.

Thirteen Heroes of Krasnovka

With heavy fighting, cramping German troops and moving west, Soviet soldiers reached the railway station Krasnovka, Rostov region. Here, the enemy managed to build a high shaft of straw and snow, which was then poured with water, creating a kind of peculiar fortress, barbed wire was stretched on the top of the shaft. To seize this railway junction and the station itself was ordered to soldiers of the 130 regiment of the 44 th Guards Rifle Division. The station, which was located on the railway line Millerovo-Voroshilovgrad and was an expensive strategic, was of great value both for the attackers and for the defenders. The 130 regiment fighters were ordered to seize a section of the railway in the area, preventing the German echelons with soldiers and equipment from moving towards Stalingrad.

At dawn on January 15, a company of Lieutenant Ivan Likunov went to storm the man-made German fortress. Snow or better to say the ice wall was rather slippery and high, the fighters found it difficult to cling to something. Making their way to the top, they helped themselves with bayonets, while the enemy threw grenades at the attacking soldiers, which, however, did not stop the brave guardsmen. It is worth noting that the attack also took place under the enemy’s dense mortar and machine-gun fire, but this did not prevent the Soviet soldiers from seizing the rampart and reaching the outskirts of the railway village Donskoy (today Krasnovka hamlet), capturing three houses on the outskirts of this settlement. True, this promotion was given a very expensive price, only 13 fighters of the company of the guard Lieutenant Likunov could reach the houses.

The burst guardsmen defended in three huts, responding to enemy attacks with friendly fire from all that they had weapons. Guards Lieutenant Ivan Likunov with four fighters occupied the far left hut, sergeant Nikolai Sevryukov and privates Konstantin Polyakov, Timiry Kubakaev and Nikolai Sirin entrenched in the middle. The defense in the far right hut was led by junior lieutenant Ivan Sedov of the Guard. Despite repeated enemy counterattacks, the fighters held these positions throughout the day. Brothers several times tried to break through to their rescue, but they were stopped by the disastrous enemy artillery fire.

Diorama from the museum 13 Heroes of the Soviet Union in Krasnovka, photo:

As noted in the award sheet of one of the heroes of this battle of the Red Army guard Ivan Tarasenko, the Germans repeatedly suggested that the defenders surrender, to which they answered: “The guardsmen are not surrendering!”, Opening fire on the enemy. During the day, the Nazis threw several times against a handful of daredevils to the company of infantry with tanksbut those managed to fight back. In the end, the Germans managed to surround all three huts in which daredevils took refuge and impose a straw on them. After the straw was set on fire, the flame quickly spread to the houses, but still no one came out of the burning huts. Their defenders continued to fight until they ran out of ammunition. When the ammunition came to an end, some of the defenders rushed into a bayonet attack, trying to break through the enemy’s positions to their own. However, the forces were too unequal, and they all died in this battle. When the Soviet artillerymen crushed the enemy’s batteries and the advancing Soviet troops were still able to break into the village of Krasnovka station, three huts were burned out on the edge, around which about a hundred killed enemy soldiers and officers were counted.

By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 31 in March 1943, for the courage and heroism shown and exemplary performance of command tasks in battles with the German fascist invaders, all thirteen heroes of Krasnovka were posthumously presented to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and awarded the Orders of Lenin. Here are the names of the heroes: Guards Lieutenant Likunov Ivan Sergeevich, Guards Junior Lieutenant Sedov Ivan Vasilievichs Konstantin Illarionovich, Guard Private Sirin Nikolai Ivanovich, Private Guard Tarasenko Ivan Ivanovich, Private Guard Utyagulov Zubai Tukhvatovich. All the soldiers who died in this battle were buried in a mass grave near the railway station, which they stormed.

In the post-war years, the heroism of Krasnovka’s 13 heroism was in oblivion for a long time, ”said Natalia Marchenko, the keeper of the local museum. Only in 1955, in the course of the search in one of the graves, would the medallion of ordinary Kotov, the Hero of the Soviet Union, be found here. Then there was information about the burial of all 13 heroes here. Large-scale search work began, and other dead Soviet soldiers were found. At the same time the collection began literally bit by bit information about each of the 13 heroes, there were relatives of these people, correspondence was established with them. And only after 14 years after the dead battle, it was decided to open a museum here.

Monument to the fallen heroes, photo:

So the feat of thirteen heroes of Krasnovka was not forgotten. At the platform station Krasnovki they had a monument. Also in Krasnovka, Tarasovsky district of the Rostov region, the 13 Museum of Heroes of the Soviet Union was founded, it happened on April 16 of 1957. The museum was opened on October 12 1968. The founder of the museum was Gudyrenko Ivan Nikitovich. If you will be in these places, be sure to honor the memory of the dead heroes and try to visit the local museum.

The museum has almost 500 storage units in the collection, of which 353 is the main stock of the museum. Among the exhibits there are personal belongings and documents of the thirteen soldiers of the 130 Guards Rifle Regiment of the 44 Guards Rifle Division, photographs, documents of their fellow soldiers and relatives, there is also a fairly large-scale diorama - “Fight for the Krasnovka station”. Immortalized their memory in Moscow. The Central Museum of the Armed Forces has a separate stand, which is called “Thirteen Heroes of Krasnovka”.

It so happened that far fewer people know about the heroism of 13 heroes of Krasnovka than about the feat of 28 Panfilov. Most likely, the main reason is that General Panfilov’s soldiers tell about the exploits of the division’s soldiers in the school curriculum. For the sake of justice, it should be noted that it is almost impossible to describe all the feats of Soviet soldiers during the Great Patriotic War, and a hundred history books will not be enough for this. This is the greatness of the Victory, which evolved with every drop of spilled blood and sweat of Soviet soldiers on the battlefields. To win the war, for the freedom and independence of our Motherland, they gave everything they could, including their lives, and this is the greatest feat that must always be remembered.

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  1. moskowit
    moskowit 19 October 2017 06: 44 New
    Everlasting memory! Eternal Glory!
    The feat of the Soviet people is immeasurable in mass and heroism! How many more heroic pages of self-sacrifice still open ... How do you want to know more ... Thanks to the Author. About the Feat of 13 of Heroes of Krasnovka I read for the first time ... soldier hi
    1. svp67
      svp67 19 October 2017 07: 39 New
      Quote: moskowit
      Everlasting memory! Eternal Glory!

      • Guard Lieutenant Likunov Ivan Sergeevich,
      • Guard Junior Lieutenant Sedov Ivan Vasilievich,
      • Guard Sergeant Vasiliev Vladimir Alexandrovich,
      • Guard Sergeant Sevryukov Nikolay Mikhailovich,
      • Guard Private Kurbaev Afanasy Afanasyevich,
      • Guard Private Nemirovsky Nikolai Nikolaevich,
      • Guard Private Polukhin Ivan Andreevich,
      • Guard Private Polyakov Konstantin Illarionovich,
      • Guard Private Sirin Nikolai Ivanovich,
      • Guard Private Tarasenko Ivan Ivanovich,
      • Guard Private Utyagulov Zubay Tukhvatovich

      1. sibiryouk
        sibiryouk 19 October 2017 08: 48 New
        You are not mentioned, ordinary Kubakaev and Kotov. The text has their names.
      2. Nurtai
        Nurtai 21 October 2017 14: 02 New
        It’s good that they didn’t indicate nationalities, otherwise they would start to share, and then they fought shoulder to shoulder
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 19 October 2017 07: 41 New
    Here you are, gentlemen, filmmakers, a ready-made script for a film called "Thirteen", and you shoot every guano ...
  3. Olgovich
    Olgovich 19 October 2017 07: 44 New
    When the ammunition came to an end, part of the defenders rushed into a bayonet attack, trying to break through the enemy’s positions to their own. However, the forces were too unequal, and they all died in this battle.

    and this was all the time .... And we need to learn about these exploits, to know and remember .....
  4. XII Legion
    XII Legion 19 October 2017 07: 44 New
    History knows cases when, as a result of one battle, whole groups of Soviet soldiers represented the title of Heroes of the Soviet Union

    Most of all, the presentation for the title Hero of the Soviet Union appeared after the Battle of the Dnieper.
    to describe all the exploits of Soviet soldiers during the Great Patriotic War is almost impossible

    We must try - for the sake of the past, present and future
    An interesting and important battle episode
  5. BAI
    BAI 19 October 2017 10: 10 New
    A lot of such episodes are unknown or little known (for the general public). For example this one:

    1. raw174
      raw174 20 October 2017 06: 46 New
      Feat of Nikolai Sirotinin, if I am not mistaken ...
  6. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 19 October 2017 10: 35 New
    Everlasting memory. A feat is forever.
  7. alstr
    alstr 19 October 2017 10: 36 New
    By the way, we must remember the feat of the Platoon of tank destroyers under the command of Lieutenant Peter Shironin, which happened a month and a half later in the same region.
    We all know this feat from the film "Aty-bats were soldiers."

    In fact, the fame of one or another feat is a matter of chance. It is well known that for the same feat awarded in different ways. One was given GSS, while the other was just an order. And often they didn’t give anything at all, because there was no one to write a performance.

    And there were a lot of such episodes. They must be remembered and told about them.
    It used to be a good tradition to name schools or their pioneer squads by the names of heroes. Often in schools there was a museum or corners of memory.
    Alas, now such a tradition is lost. There are practically no old museums that were collected by schoolchildren. But there were interesting exhibits and just the memories of the participants.
    It would be nice to revive such a tradition.
    1. antivirus
      antivirus 19 October 2017 18: 55 New
      "The School named after The Great Economist and Reformer ET T Gaidar"
      not called and good already
      1. Nurtai
        Nurtai 21 October 2017 14: 03 New
        Yes, this Gaidar is not the one that Timur and his team
    2. raw174
      raw174 20 October 2017 06: 58 New
      Quote: alstr
      It used to be a good tradition to name schools or their pioneer squads by the names of heroes.

      In my area there is a rural school named after Timur Ibragimov (Hero of the Russian Federation), children's competitions in hockey and volleyball are held, dedicated to his memory. His parents are guests of honor at any event. There are schools with memorial memorials of Gatyatullin (Afghan), Svezhentseva (Afghan) ... Traditions are still alive in the villages, albeit new surnames. Wreaths are laid on February 23.
      1. alstr
        alstr 20 October 2017 10: 09 New
        And this is good. But earlier - it was a mass phenomenon, and now, alas, a single one.
  8. EvilLion
    EvilLion 19 October 2017 16: 02 New
    I’m wondering how the author imagines climbing on icy walls, with barbed wire, and even under fire? Here I am. Because I don’t believe in miracles, but I believe in the technology of warfare, that is, the attackers, most likely, supported by dedicated artillery, there may have been explosive charges to destroy the fortifications.

    During the day, the Nazis threw several times against a handful of daredevils to the company of infantry with tanks, but they managed to fight back.

    The question is, what prevented the tanks from simply destroying the wooden buildings with cannon fire? And even some thread Pz-38 (t), although in the spring of 43 there was simply no such rubbish, I would calmly break the walls.
    1. polpot
      polpot 19 October 2017 17: 56 New
      Shells were armor-piercing and self-propelled guns might not be
    2. raw174
      raw174 20 October 2017 14: 22 New
      Quote: EvilLion
      Because I don’t believe in miracles

      And I don’t believe in miracles, but Maresyev crawled towards people for eighteen days, guided by the sun, over rough terrain, and Sirotinin? and Kolobanov? A lot of things are happening, which is hard to explain, the actual actions do not always fit in with the combat technique ...
      And it doesn’t matter what details, what nuances have not reached our days, it is important that a handful of people held the defenses of superior enemy forces, did not give up (even if there were defeatists and alarmists, this is a rare exception), did not flinch. They repaid a debt to their homeland, we must remember them.
      1. Goblin
        Goblin 3 August 2018 16: 11 New
        Crawling all right, unfortunately I do not know the surname, one pilot with broken arms and legs for several days rolled over to the front. Collapsed with the plane into the forest, saved the tops of the trees. At the moment of impact, he was thrown out, the plane exploded. Lucky, he came to scouts, they dragged him to ours. He was cured, got into operation, continued flying.
    3. dvina71
      dvina71 20 October 2017 22: 49 New
      Quote: EvilLion
      The question is, what prevented the tanks from simply destroying the wooden buildings with cannon fire?

      YES FIG knows the rest .. My grandfather as a part of a platoon (16 fighters) and foreman .. well, such platoons were at the retreating units of the Red Army to the Don after the tragedy near Kharkov (to burn in hell for this Khrushchev forever), defended the skyscraper .. to give the ability of the main forces to cross to the other side of the Don. They had to hold out a daylight .. How many there were against them, I do not know. However, the fighters turned out to be experienced .., they garnered grenades and cartridges as much as they could carry, didn’t take heavy Maxim, but took four RPDs, made several positions for machine guns, did not give more than 3 bursts from the position .. In general, they didn’t surrender, there were no dead .. only the wounded .., the regiment crossed Don without loss.
      True, the foreman had to be shot .. he lost his nerves and drove everyone to attack the advancing Germans .., the body was brought to the regiment, reported that he had died in battle, why the bullet had come in from behind did not understand, the foreman was awarded posthumously.
    4. Nurtai
      Nurtai 21 October 2017 14: 01 New
      Everything happens in war. My grandfather (from his mother's side) told me how they kept a hill from morning to evening with one platoon, until at night they came to help. He said that they would shoot from what, they didn’t know German weapons, but they fired, there were no artillerymen, but they managed to knock out a tank and an armored personnel carrier (as I understood) from a cannon and repel six attacks. Many were wounded and he was unharmed, only where he was wounded and demobilized with the USSR border, he fought from 1941 to 1944 and was never wounded (scratches are not counted)
  9. free
    free 19 October 2017 20: 18 New
    Eternal glory to the heroes!
  10. Buoy tour
    Buoy tour 19 October 2017 23: 57 New
    Everlasting memory.
    Thank you author. from the heart
  11. George Davydov
    George Davydov 20 October 2017 20: 25 New
    We honor the memory of the heroes who fell in the struggle for the Soviet Motherland. Eternal glory and eternal memory to them from the people! In this case, the couple would ask the question: why did the exploits of the heroes of the front and the hard work in the rear for so long and with such difficulty reached the people? Who and why was interested in this? Maybe a hint will give famous repressions against the military after the Great Victory, when it was necessary to regain the authority of the infallible ruling party? After all, all the repressions were carried out under her leadership, and in spite of the interests of the people. Let’s ask a question - who benefited? - and try to answer him. Let's start
  12. Antoxa iglinsky
    Antoxa iglinsky 21 October 2017 10: 34 New
    Guys just thought about their families. Everyone who surrendered is a traitor. And they acted with the family accordingly. It’s better to die yourself, but the family may receive some kind of allowance. And if you surrender or retreat, the wife, children, relatives will die of starvation. So they stood to death. And the Germans marveled at the stamina of the enemy.
    1. Nurtai
      Nurtai 21 October 2017 14: 11 New
      I don’t need Lalya, they wrote home about those who didn’t have any information - they went missing, and they gave benefits and cards. And the Germans are unlikely to exchange information about prisoners. If they were not famous people (like Vlasov). One of my relatives was captured, fought in partisans in France, and went through the parade in Paris as part of the Resistance. And in 1947 he was discharged from the army of the USSR
      1. Antoxa iglinsky
        Antoxa iglinsky 21 October 2017 18: 47 New
        Here is the typical fate of the families of missing fighters, told by Nina Afanasyevna Petrova, the daughter of A. Ya. Cherepanov, a soldier of the 2nd Shock Army.

        “Vetanstructor of the 259th Infantry Division of the 2nd Shock Army Afanasy Yakovlevich Cherepanov, born in 1905, was listed as missing. For nine years he remained an orphan, since his father died in the First World War on the German Front in 1914. He also married an orphan, the young family began in the commune. In 1930, they entered the Key Lenin collective farm in the native village of Senitsky, Shadrinsky District, Kurgan Region. On the collective farm, the labor of its members was taken into account in workdays, for which, in addition to grain waste, nothing was given out, money was also not paid. In the store, farmers did not sell bread. The family was starving, and when she was completely weakened, Athanasius Yakovlevich decided to take her away from perdition, wherever her eyes looked.

        On the night of April 18, 1937, without documents, with three rubles in his pocket, having left the house and everything that was in it, they went to the station and boarded the train going towards Sverdlovsk. They landed at the station of Hrizolitovo and came to the village of Rassokha. There was a state farm and a good-natured man — the director of a state farm. They regretted the Cherepanov family, did not drive them out. Settled in a small summer house, given a job and a small cash advance. The people on the state farm turned out to be good, there were no indigenous people, but there were families of dispossessed peasants. In the store, bread and products were sold freely. Soon, they managed to draw up temporary documents, the head of the family, A. Ya. Cherepanov, was transferred from the laborers to veterinarians and was given a room in the barracks. Life was gradually getting better.

        On August 9, 1941, A. Ya. Cherepanov was drafted into the army. His wife Maria Petrovna was left alone with three minor children, of which the youngest was only four years old. In 1942, the state farm was transferred to the Kalinin Engineering Plant. The weakened factory workers were brought to the village of Rassokha for amendment. They settled them in apartments.

        The Cherepanovs' room was also shared with a family of three Muscovites with a baby. Their food ration was very scarce. On the state farm field under the snow lay in heaps a frozen turnip, which, like a crop, was considered lost, and still it was forbidden to take it. It was for this turnip, which was no longer suitable for cattle feed, that the inhabitants of the village were walking at dusk, sneaking from the authorities. Everyone lived hard: starving, doing overwork. Maria Petrovna herself worked from dark to dark. The eldest daughter had to leave school and live with her younger sick sister. There was no resentment against anyone, everyone lived the same way. Everyone was waiting for letters from the front. It was hoped that with the end of the war their troubles and tribulations would end.

        And only when all the front-line soldiers returned home, and the father did not return, the Cherepanovs realized that all their troubles were yet to come: they were doomed to an orphan life and no one needed it. Help is nowhere to wait. There were many such families in the village of Rassokha; 60 breadwinners did not return home.

        Families of the missing in the battles were never under the protection of the state, they received no help and support. In the village there was only an elementary school (4-year), after which they went to school for 6 km on foot. In 1946, they studied for only one month, and bread cards were seized from them and shortly after the end of the war they stopped paying cash allowance for their father. The efforts of the headmaster for such students to leave breadcards and allowance for the deceased father did not yield results. When the children left school, the teachers cried along with them. For most, this ended education. All these children - fatherlessness, became laborers of the state farm. They worked together with German prisoners of war. In the village there was a prisoner of war camp. Teenagers, children of murdered warriors, missing at the front - in the same harness with German prisoners of war. Only prisoners of war were fed three times a day, they were warmly dressed and slept in clean warm beds, and the children of the dead soldiers - starved and died in cold barracks ” -se
        myam-bez-vesti-propavshix /
        1. MONEY
          MONEY 22 October 2017 11: 11 New
          Another liberal nonsense !!
        2. Serg koma
          Serg koma 22 October 2017 19: 10 New
          My grandfather went missing near Stalingrad, my mother, wife and three boys, the youngest born in 1942, remained at home. The wife is an illiterate railway worker, her mother is a housewife and the boys are small ... Outcome: Senior - railway transport technical school, secondary and junior higher education !!! By the way, they lived not in Moscow, but in a small district center of the Kemerovo region, planted a garden, lived on potatoes. So the "typical fate of the families of the missing soldiers" touched MY family in full, and DO NOT give out for a "typical case" (ie massive) storytelling ("starving and dying in cold barracks" - from the hands of the damned Muscovites / komunyak / NKVDeshnikov, etc.) Gorbachev-Yeltsyn time !!!!!
          1. Antoxa iglinsky
            Antoxa iglinsky 22 October 2017 19: 35 New
            And yet, it was hard for them. And order 270 is not liberal nonsense, but a fact. Because at the initial stage they gave up a lot. Quote:

            "I order:

            1. Commanders and political workers who, during a battle, tear off insignia and deserting to the rear or surrender to the enemy, be considered malicious deserters, whose families are to be arrested as oaths and those who have betrayed their homeland deserters.

            To oblige all senior commanders and commissioners to shoot on the spot such deserters from the commanders.

            2. The units and subunits that were encircled by the enemy selflessly fight to the last opportunity, to protect the material part, as the eyeball of the eye, to break through to their backs of the enemy troops, defeating the fascist dogs.

            To oblige each soldier, irrespective of his official position, to demand from a higher commander, if part of him is surrounded, to fight to the last possible opportunity to break through to his own, and if such a commander or part of the Red Army men prefer to surrender to the enemy instead of organizing a rebuff, - destroy by all means, both ground and air, and the families of the surrendered Red Army soldiers deprive the state of their allowance and assistance.

            3. To oblige the commanders and commissars of divisions to immediately remove from posts the commanders of battalions and regiments hiding in the gaps during battle and who are afraid to direct the course of battle on the battlefield, reduce them ex officio as impostors, transfer them to private soldiers and, if necessary, shoot them on the spot, putting forward their place is courageous and courageous people from the junior commanders or from the ranks of distinguished Red Army men.

            The order to read in all companies, squadrons, batteries, squadrons, teams and headquarters.
            1. Serg koma
              Serg koma 24 October 2017 08: 12 New
              Quote: Antoxa Iglinsky
              . And order 270 is not liberal nonsense, but a fact.

              And who says that there was no such order? Who claims that there was no Vlasov and others like him? Who claims that there was no alarmism and desertion ???
    2. Serg koma
      Serg koma 22 October 2017 19: 29 New
      Quote: Antoxa Iglinsky
      Guys just thought about their families

      They always thought everything, but some still had Honor, while others had neither honor nor conscience - "... during interrogation on December 27, 1988:" Yes, I entered the Perekop village police in 1942 voluntarily. I understand that made the biggest mistake in his life. ”Two days later, to this confession, he added something else:“ I understand that in 1942 I committed a crime against my Motherland by joining the German occupiers, that in 1948 I was CORRECTLY CONDEMNED FOR MY SUBSIDIARY ACTIVITY ".
  13. Vladimir SHajkin
    Vladimir SHajkin 22 October 2017 00: 24 New
    And we will keep the hatred of our enemies at the tips of our bayonets.
  14. MONEY
    MONEY 22 October 2017 11: 09 New
    The era of the USSR is the era of great deeds, victories and people !! Thank you grandfathers and great-grandfathers !! And forgive us ... if you can !!
  15. 1420020560
    1420020560 24 October 2017 10: 28 New
    Eternal Memory to Heroes !!! Thanks to the people for keeping the memory of the Feat, low bow !!!