The ethnolinguistic conflict in Tatarstan, which arose as a result of the "language policy" of the Kazan Kremlin, continues to gain momentum. After very unambiguous signals, which Vladimir Putin sent to Tatarstan ethnocracy (and which she chose not to notice), the activity of parents of schoolchildren, encouraged by the position of the President of Russia, sharply increased. They are no longer afraid to speak, write and apply for the refusal of compulsory education of children in the Tatar language. This causes the increasing bitterness of the Tatar nationalists.
Their particular rage is caused by their Tatars' parents, who express solidarity with the parents of Russian-speaking children. And some have already moved from words to deeds - they are submitting applications for refusal to study Tatar and write complaints about the school’s management to the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation. In particular, in Naberezhnye Chelny such an application was submitted by Alsou Gazizova.
In this connection, the reasoning of the former head of the Education Department of the Executive Committee of Kazan Marat Lotfullin, who voiced the logic of the arguments of the Tatar nationalists in the debate "The Tatar language in the education system of Russia: to be or ???", is characteristic. When Lotfullin was told that for nearly three decades of the experiment in compulsory Tatar teaching nothing was given, he said that even 150 years ago, the absolute majority of Tatars could not speak Russian, and teach Russian among Tatars in the second half of XIX century became a lone educator Kayum Nasyri (1825 − 1902), and now, after a century and a half, all Tatars can speak Russian. “You barely started to learn this Tatar language from scratch 30 years ago,” Lotfullin said, addressing the parents, “and you want to get the result already.” Be patient 150 years, and everything will be fine "...
Probably, realizing the absurdity of such statements and the impossibility of articulated argumentation, some Tatar nationalists start to fall apart, forgetting about propriety. It comes to the Russian accusations of chauvinism, and on the forums of the Tatar nationalist media they are already openly saying that if someone does not like something in Tatarstan, then it’s time to go to "those regions that are not forced to learn the Tatar language."
This resents the Russian-speaking parents and those Tatars who understand that voluntariness of studying the Tatar language is the only way out. Against this background, the tactics of the local press have changed, which, in the overwhelming majority, voiced the position of the Tatarstan authorities — they began to publish interviews and articles with “ethnically Russian” supporters of the preservation of compulsory Tatar education.
Along with this, texts began to appear in the official media, where a thought was accurately carried out, which for many years was expressed, for example, by the Chairman of the Russian Culture Society of Tatarstan Mikhail Shcheglov: preserving the Tatar language is the business of the Tatars themselves, and it is meaningless to hope that the Russians will become carriers of language. Accordingly, it is not necessary to spend manpower and funds on educating the Russian population of the Tatar population; it should concentrate on raising interest in it among the Tatars themselves.
Characteristic in this regard is the article “No one will save the Tatar language except the Tatars themselves”, published in the main mouthpiece of the nationally-oriented part of the Tatar intelligentsia “business newspaper” “Business Online” and written on behalf of the editorial board (in which, mainly, employees with Russian surnames - note EADaily). She presents a kind of program of actions so that the Tatar language would be willing to study voluntarily. The authors advise (presumably their nationalist supporters) not to organize protest actions: “Does it make sense for Tatarstan to enter into a clinch with the federal center on a language issue under these conditions? The escalation scenario is easy to draw. The Prosecutor General’s Office writes a submission; the republic will appeal against it in court, right up to the Constitutional Court. All this against the background of parental rallies and well-organized hysteria in the federal press. And then all the new "sanctions" ... And the more the republic resists, the higher the reputational cost of defeat will be. "
Such texts, published “not in the interests of truth, but in the interests of truth,” or rather, according to the will of the Tatar ruling elite, more and more clearly show that ethnocracy in Tatarstan realizes its own political and ideological bankruptcy: in conditions when a significant mass of the population begins to express discontent , to keep the old order of things (rather absurd) all the more difficult.
The first time such dissatisfaction manifested itself in connection with the banking crisis in Tatarstan at the end of 2016 — at the beginning of 2017 — the year when 6 regional banks (Tatfondbank, Ankorbank, Intechbank, Bulgarbank, Tatagroprombank, Spurt Bank) burst in the country one after another, and the authorities could not help the depositors. The flow of criticism from the population was enormous, and he was personally sent to the address of Tatarstan President Rustam Minnikhanov. Pathetic attempts to save the image of the leadership on the part of the local agitprop - “to transfer the arrows” to the address of Moscow, supposedly guilty of what happened, did not succeed. Moreover, a popular version emerged that “a relative of Tatarstan’s first President Mintimer Shaimiev, head of Tatfondbank, Robert Musin, took out money to foreign assets, after which the bank broke.”
The current stubbornness of the "elite" regarding compulsory Tatar studies further contributes to the growth of discontent. The image of the leadership of Tatarstan among Russian-speaking residents whose children in the new school year again suffer from coercion (in fact, Tatarstan remains the only region in the Russian Federation where the authorities force schoolchildren to learn Tatar language regardless of their nationality and desire - note EADaily) is progressively falling.
Against this background, Russian social activists depressed for a quarter of a century and parents from “new generations” look and listen to the federal news. After a speech by Russian President Vladimir Putin at a meeting of the Council for Interethnic Relations in Yoshkar-Ola on July 20, the General Prosecutor’s Office and the Rosobrnadzor were instructed not to observe the rights of citizens to learn languages voluntarily from the number of languages of the peoples of Russia and the state languages of the republics ".
Parents expect that the Prosecutor General’s Office will reveal the facts of compulsory Tatar studies. Although why identify them? It is enough to talk with parents “without a protocol” ... It should be noted that the President of the Russian Federation instructed the Prosecutor General’s Office, and not the regional supervisory authorities, which are dependent on local authorities. After all, it is not necessary to expect from them that they will begin to identify and suppress the facts of infringement of the right to learn Russian and compulsory Tatar education. And this is not surprising, because all the previous repeated attempts to draw the attention of the republican prosecutor's office in Tatarstan to this issue ended with formal replies: everything is in order, we see no violations. Or do not want to see?
In the meantime, the authorities of Tatarstan openly sabotage instructions from the federal center on the language issue. Apparently, they have the following calculation: make several concessions in the process of teaching the Tatar language, but do not allow any voluntariness. The auditors from the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation will most certainly be greeted with traditional hospitality, on a large scale, so that later they can report in Moscow that “everything is fine” in Tatarstan.
Finally, "Tatar strategists" can go to the trick: promise the auditors to remedy the situation. This is indirectly indicated by the decree of the Prime Minister of Tatarstan, Alexei Pesoshin, “to increase the volume of studying Russian to the volumes recommended by the RF Ministry of Education and Science from 1 in January of 2018” (however, it has not been specified to what specific volume - EADaily). But when the Prosecutor General’s Office completes the inspection, believing Kazan’s promises to change everything, everything will remain as it was. And there “either the donkey will die or the padish” is a favorite tactic of the Tatarstan rulers. Yes, and the presidential election in Russia is around the corner ...
And what would the really wise rulers do, and not the Tatar nationalist temporary workers? The study of the Tatar language has long been necessary to make voluntary, and the Russian language and Russian literature to teach in the same amount in which it is taught throughout Russia, while retaining the right of everyone to learn the Tatar language in any school of the republic and retaining the staff of the Tatar language teachers.
Yes, in this case, not only the mass of parents of Russian children, but also a significant percentage of parents of Tatar children, especially urban ones, would prefer not to learn the Tatar language. But after all, that part of the Tatars (and, probably, the Russians) will remain, for whom it is important that their children study Tatar in schools. And this part should be supported and welcomed. There are also examples when older people go to the Tatar language courses, as can be observed in Kazan. Teachers of the Tatar language will not sit on the 15 people in the class (in the schools of Tatarstan, most of which are mixed, each class is divided into Russian and Tatar groups, each of which is taught separately by two teachers of the Tatar language), but smaller, but any teacher you will confirm that it is easier to teach the language in front of a small audience.
At the same time, pay attention: no other subject in schools of Tatarstan causes such a rejection as the Tatar language. But all this indignation will subside as soon as his training is made voluntary. There will also be saved money that is currently being wasted on the training of Russian-speaking schoolchildren and on the preparation and maintenance of a huge number of teachers.
Will the current authorities of Tatarstan go for it? Hardly. After all, this will mean political bankruptcy, a complete rejection of "Tatar statehood", one of the attributes of which, along with the position of president, the agreement with Moscow, is the Tatar language, which is obligatory for studying. Therefore, here the Kazan Kremlin will stand firmly. True, a number of concessions are not excluded.
In particular, Ildar Gilmutdinov, chairman of the Committee on National Affairs of the State Duma of Russia (one of the main lobbyists of the “interests of Tatarstan”), reports that the development of a new method of teaching the Tatar language of Russian-speaking children is already in full swing, and the emphasis will be on conversational communication, not grammar. This implies a reduction in the Tatar language hours in the school timetable (although it doesn’t specify how many) and the refusal to teach Tatar in high school: “Life shows that it’s not needed for Russian-speaking children in the volume taught.” True, the authorities of Tatarstan do not agree to the full voluntariness - “the compulsory study of the Tatar language should be maintained at all costs”.
All this will be accompanied by performances not only of Tatar “patriotic parents”, but also speeches of “correct” Russian parents. The latter will be particularly protruded and provide them with a tribune in the local media, showing that there are reasonable people among the mass of screamers. They agree that their children study Russian less than they do throughout Russia; they agree to pay tutors, but in this way they show "respect for the people on whose land they live." In this connection, the already published discourses of one of such “Russian publicists” Mark Shishkin, who stated: “As soon as the first Tatar-speaking Russian generation of Tatarstan grows up, the ethnic история Volga-Ural will enter a qualitatively new stage. ” I would venture to suggest that the thinker Shishkin himself still remains at a qualitatively old stage, since he did not learn the Tatar language.
By the way, if you go from theory to practice, then it is likely that the Kazan Kremlin will connect its repressive apparatus and initiate an administrative or even criminal case “for extremism” on the activists. This has happened many times in Tatarstan. As you know, why solve a problem when you can shut up those who talk about it too often?