Military Review

"It was a terrible, exhausting struggle on the ground and under the ground ..." The third assault on Stalingrad

44
“For us, the fighters and commanders of the 62 Army, there is no land outside the Volga. We stood and will stand to the death! "
V.G. Zaitsev


October 14 1942 of the year began the third, the most fierce, with the use of a large number of fire weapons, the assault on Stalingrad. The fierceness of the battle for the Soviet city reached its highest limit. The battles were fought for every quarter, lane, for every house, for every meter of land.

Third assault

October 14 1942, the year Adolf Hitler ordered his troops to switch to strategic defense on the entire Soviet-German front, except for the Stalingrad sector, as well as in the areas of Nalchik and Tuapse. Thus, in fact, the strategic plan for the war on 1942 year failed. The German armed forces could not destroy the main forces of the Red Army and defeat the Soviet Union. A protracted war of attrition began and all the brilliant successes of the Wehrmacht in 1942 could not change the overall situation. Germany, in fact, has already lost the war, although the Germans had no idea about it.

From a military point of view, it no longer mattered who would receive the ruins of Stalingrad. But the German high command still insisted on the capture of the city on the Volga. By mid-October 1942, the army of Paulus was preparing a new decisive assault. The enemy concentrated three infantry and two in the area of ​​factories on a 5-kilometer stretch tank division, here he decided to strike a new blow. From all ends of the front, from the flanks, reinforcements, engineering and anti-tank units were drawn. From Germany, 5 sapper battalions were thrown over the air. In front of the front of the 62nd Army, 8 German divisions were replenished and prepared for battle, numbering 90 thousand soldiers and officers, with 2300 guns and 300 tanks. The 14th Panzer and 29th Motorized Divisions were withdrawn to the reserve. The assault was supposed to support the 8th air corps in full force. Chuikov’s army at that time had 55 thousand people, 1400 guns and mortars, and 80 tanks. And the 8th Air Army that supported it consisted of 188 serviceable combat aircraft.


Source: Samsonov A.M. The Battle of Stalingrad. M .: Science, 1989

At 8am on October 14th, after powerful raids aviation and artillery preparations, which lasted two and a half hours, the German ground forces went on the offensive, their main forces - three infantry and two tank divisions - rushed to the Volga on a 4-kilometer stretch between the Stalingrad Tractor Plant and the Barricades, trying to dismember the 62nd army and destroy it. There was not a single Soviet aircraft in the air. Chuikov phoned the commander of the 8th Air Army and “asked to calm down the fascist vultures a bit. General Khryukin said frankly that now there is nothing to help. The enemy tightly blocked the airfields of the army. It is not yet possible to break through our aircraft to Stalingrad ... That day we did not see the sun. "

German air raids, artillery and mortar shelling then continued until nightfall. The number of enemy sorties per day reached 3 thousand. The battle area was completely hidden by dust and smoke from breaks. The battle was accompanied by gigantic fires. The main attack of the Wehrmacht was in the general direction on the Tractor Plant and the Barricades factory, bringing it down to positions held by units of the 37 Guards, 95 and 308 rifle divisions and 84 tank brigade. On a narrow section of the front, where the 37-I Guards Rifle Division of General Zheludev was drained of the previous fierce battles, the enemy threw an infantry division of the whole and dozens of tanks.

It seemed that after a powerful bombardment from the air, as well as the most severe artillery and mortar shelling, the German army had crushed all life and now his troops would pass unhindered through the dead land filled with iron among the destroyed buildings. But the enemy again made a mistake in his calculations. Defenders of Stalingrad, skillfully taking advantage of engineering and natural shelters, the ruins of buildings, steadfastly held. The fight for the Tractor Works flared up with exceptional force. The fighting followed each house, floor, and landing. Between pos. Barricades and STZ separate houses and streets several times passed from hand to hand. The soldiers of the 37 th Guards, 95 th rifle divisions and other units of the 62 th army, hiding from fire in the trenches, among the ruins of destroyed houses, met the enemy with grenades, bottles of flammable liquid and small arms weapons. Calculations of artillery and anti-tank guns directly fire hit on enemy vehicles.

However, the inequality of forces was too great. After a fierce 4-hour battle, German troops broke through the defenses of the 37 Guards Rifle Division, crushed the left flank of the 112 Rifle Division and went to the STZ stadium. According to the 16 watch, according to the commander Chuikov, part of the 112 th, 37 th guards infantry divisions and the right flank of the 308 th rifle division, dismembered and bypassed by enemy tanks, fought in the environment. Scrambled to the last bullet. “The commander of the 37 division, General Zheludev, was bombarded from his bomber dam from the rupture of an aerial bomb. He was dug up by the soldiers from the guard of the army headquarters and led me into a dugout. The control of the units of his division took over the headquarters of the army. Information from the troops received contradictory, - recalled Chuykov. - It became harder and harder to refine them. The command and observation posts of the regiments and divisions were broken by shells and bombs. Many commanders died. At the command post of the army, 30 people died. The guard of the army headquarters did not have time to dig out people from broken dugouts. Troop control was carried out mainly by radio ... Surrounded and cut off garrisons continued to fight ... ".

The same fights were described by the author. stories German 14 Panzer Division - R. Grams. October 14, he notes, the division has achieved great success. Collected in a tight fist, supported by reinforced artillery and dive bombers, the division broke through the Tractor Plant and reached the 1 battalion of the 103 regiment and the tank battalion of the Volga coast in the northern part of the city around midnight. But it was more difficult to keep the captured territories. Grams quite expressively describes the terrible picture of the battle: “It was a terrible, exhausting struggle on the ground and under the ground, in ruins and basements, in the ditches of a big city, in its industrial quarters ... Tanks clambered through mountains of debris and debris, scraping their way through monstrously destroyed factory shops, shot from close distances along the streets littered and close factory yards. Another armored colossus suddenly shook and torn to pieces under the din of a detonating enemy mine. But all this could still be endured. Further, there was a deep, as a bottomless gorge, the Volga bank abruptly cutting off towards the river, the fiercest battles flared up here. ” On the seemingly already occupied territory, at night on the flanks and in the rear of all the cracks and cracks of the earth appeared Soviet soldiers. “And everything that was conquered in the evening in the hot fight, by the morning was again lost. And on the opposite lowland wooded bank of the river it was impossible to see the enemy, his batteries were invisible, his infantry was there, but he was there, he fired artillery fire from there, and every night hundreds of his boats transported reinforcements through a wide stream into the ruins of Stalingrad, and everything began first: hurricane fire, dive-bombers, smoke and chad, which covered the sun for hours. But the situation remained almost unchanged, and the fighting capacity of our troops melted like butter in the sun. ”

Especially heavy battles of October 14 were in the defense line of the 37 Guards Rifle Division and the 90 Rifle Regiment of the 95 Rifle Division, covering the approaches to the Tractor Plant. German 389 and 94 I infantry, 100 Ieger (light infantry), 14 I and 24 I tank divisions attacked here. The Germans threw a strong armored group into the attack. Each attack was preceded by a strong artillery preparation and massive air strikes. The Luftwaffe made X-NUMX-800 sorties during the day. After powerful artillery and air strikes, two or three echelons of tanks followed the infantry, followed by infantry. By evening, the enemy broke into the territory of the Tractor Plant, and then, deepening the breakthrough, the assault detachments reached the Volga. The head of the army headquarters, General Krylov, believed that “the position of the army was never so difficult,” it was very close to complete destruction. The right flank of the Soviet army was cut off from the main forces north of r. Wet Mecheka. The cut-off group (about 900 thousand soldiers), led by the commander of the 7 rifle brigade, Colonel S. F. Gorokhov, occupied the all-round defense in the Rynok, Spartanovka area. The Gorokhov group, supplied with air ammunition, for more than a month, seized by the enemy from three sides and pressed against the Volga, continued to stand firmly in defense.

"It was a terrible, exhausting struggle on the ground and under the ground ..." The third assault on Stalingrad

Soldiers of the 9 Company under the command of Lieutenant Klaus Vogt of the 578 Infantry Regiment of the 305 Infantry Division of the Wehrmacht at the ruins of the Stalingrad Tractor Plant

German self-propelled guns StuG III at the ruins of the Stalingrad Tractor Plant

Luftwaffe dive bomber U-87 comes to the target during the fighting in Stalingrad

October 15 continued stubborn fighting in the area of ​​the FCZ and the northern sector of the front 62 th army. The enemy entered the 305 Infantry Division into battle and sought to develop an offensive south and north along the Volga in order to go into the rear of the main forces of the Soviet army and completely destroy them. German artillery and aircraft inflicted continuous strikes on the combat formations of the Soviet troops. Enemy fighters still dominated the air. The main blow fell on the 37-th Guards Division. Guardsmen continued to fight with separate divisions in the village of STZ and part of the forces in the area of ​​Minusinskaya Street. The Guards Division in these battles was almost completely killed, defending the Tractor Plant to the end. The regimental artillery, 45-mm guns, mortars and anti-tank guns were completely destroyed in the battles. Heavy battles were also 95-I Rifle Division and 84-I tank brigade. Fighting went to 500 m from the command post of the army. Another enemy group attacked parts of the 124 and 149 rifle brigades from two directions on the same day: from the north to the Market and from the west to the village of Spartanovka. The Germans managed to wedge a bit between these brigades.

The command of the Stalingrad Front tried to support the army of Chuikov. By the end of October 14, the 138 Rifle Division from the 64 Army was transferred to the command of the 62 Army commander. Colonel I. I. Lyudnikov was ordered to immediately raise an entire rifle regiment in full force and, no later than the morning of October 15, to ship to the western bank of the Volga. However, the enemy led an intensified fire on all moorings and ferries, and on that day the ferry could not be organized. The 138 th regiment of the rifle division Colonel Lyudnikov managed to ship to Stalingrad on the night of October 16, and the fighters immediately fought north of the Barricades factory.

October 16 German troops continued the assault, trying to defeat the main forces of the 62 th army. The 389-I infantry and 16-I tank enemy divisions in the morning attacked the group of Colonel Gorokhov, who defended the villages of Rynok and Spartanovka. At the same time, units of the German 305, 100, 94 and infantry and 14, 24 armored divisions continued to advance south along the right bank of the Volga. The onslaught of the German divisions was resisted to the utmost by the exsanguinated units of the 37 th Guards and 95 th rifle divisions (in the divisions left over the weakened company) and the regiment of the 138 th rifle division with the 84 th tank brigade. Our troops from the last forces repelled the enemy attacks. And they would not have survived, but at the most critical moment the Chuikov army was supported by assault aircraft and army and front artillery from the left bank of the Volga.

In order to prevent the enemy from surrounding and completely destroying the remnants of the 37 th Guards and 95 th rifle divisions, they were relegated closer to the Barricades factory. On the night of October 17, the rest of the 138 Infantry Division crossed to the right bank. October 17 stubborn fighting continued. Particularly fierce battles were in the area of ​​the plant "Red October" village. Market and north of the plant STZ, where in isolation from the main forces of the army defended the group of Colonel Gorokhov. German troops tried to crush a separate group of Soviet troops and repeatedly attacked it. However, the Soviet soldiers repelled the enemy attacks and counterattacked themselves.

Fierce fighting continued in the area of ​​the Barricades factory. Having penetrated between the 138 and 308 rifle divisions, the enemy deployed an offensive along the railroad to the plant. The commander of the 62 army ordered the commander of the 138 rifle division, Colonel Lyudnikov, to close the gap with the 308 rifle division. On October 18, German troops, breaking through the battle formations of the 308 Infantry Division, reached the western edge of the Barricades factory. The Germans tried to completely seize the plant and reach the Volga in the area of ​​the ferry No. 62. Our troops repelled the fierce attacks of the enemy.

On October 19, the enemy conducted strong artillery and mortar fire on the Barricades and Red October factories and at the mouth of the Banny ravine. At the same time, the Germans tried to destroy the group of Gorokhov.

Thus, the defenders of Stalingrad withstood another terrible blow of the enemy and continued the struggle. In the hands of the Germans were Mamaev Kurgan, height 107,5, outputs to the Volga in the area of ​​the STZ and near the mouth of the river. The Queen. The territory occupied by the 62 Army was completely swept by enemy artillery and mortars, and in some places by machine-gun and machine-gun fire. All city buildings were destroyed by German aircraft. Continued strong fires. However, the situation has changed. The most critical days of the struggle for Stalingrad left behind. In the battles of 14-18 of October, German troops were finally exhausted, drained of blood.

The enemy managed to seize the Tractor Plant, to penetrate here in the defense of the Soviet troops and go to the Volga. The front of the 62 Army was broken up again. But the enemy and this time did not achieve decisive success, failed to break the resistance of the defenders of the city. At the same time, the force of the blows of the enemy, his offensive energy began to fade. The Wehrmacht could not dump the remnants of the army of Chuikov in the Volga. In addition, it is regularly strengthened.


The workers of the Stalingrad Tractor Plant (STZ), bricklayer I.Ilyushin and unskilled laborer M.Shumilin defending their plant against the advancing German forces. The fighter in the foreground is armed with a tank gun Dygtereva (DT), which was installed on the factory produced tanks T-34. Photo source: http://waralbum.ru/

The workers of the plant "Red October" to protect the native plant
Author:
Articles from this series:
1942 Campaign

The Third Reich again goes on the offensive.
"The whole Russian front was falling apart ..." Wehrmacht breakthrough in the southern strategic direction
Stalingrad Fortress
1942 year. "The operation in the south develops without stopping"
How the German army broke through to Stalingrad
Expectations to take Stalingrad a sudden blow failed
Breakthrough of the 6 of the German army to the northern outskirts of Stalingrad
Defeat of the Crimean Front
"The spirit of optimism ... vital at the command post of the front." Kharkov disaster of the Red Army
Khrushchev dumped all the blame for the Kharkov catastrophe on Stalin
How the Wehrmacht stormed the Caucasus
Battle for the Caucasus: no invasions from land
The battle for the "black gold" of the Caucasus
How failed operation "Edelweiss"
"Soviet troops fought for every inch of land ..."
"Verdun of World War II ..."
"It truly was hell." How to reflect the first blow to Stalingrad
"We will storm Stalingrad and take it ...". Second storming of the stronghold on the Volga
The second assault on Stalingrad. H. 2
44 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. 210ox
    210ox 13 October 2017 07: 03 New
    15
    Honor and glory to our heroes of Stalingrad!
    1. Orel
      Orel 13 October 2017 07: 19 New
      15
      Quote: 210ox
      Honor and glory to our heroes of Stalingrad!


      I join, but in fairness I want to note that not only those who fought in the city saved him. Now, when you study everything with open maps, you understand that the fate of Stalingrad was not decided in urban battles. Defenders of the city would have been defeated if not for the constant Soviet attacks on the North Bridge. Paulus was forced to keep the most combat-ready and large formations on the North Bridge, while the free ones, which were very few sent to storm Stalingrad. If there were no constant attacks on the northern flank of the 6th Army, then Stalingrad would be taken quite quickly. To the credit of those killed and injured in these ongoing counterattacks north of Stalingrad, this is worth mentioning. Hundreds of thousands of our soldiers died there. They saved Stalingrad without even entering this city, but they saved and saved no less than those who fought in the city.
      1. 210ox
        210ox 13 October 2017 07: 25 New
        +7
        I agree completely. Only the collective struggle helped us win this battle.
      2. Gamer
        Gamer 13 October 2017 11: 21 New
        0
        and the free, who were very few sent to storm Stalingrad
        I can be mistaken, but the Germans almost took Stalingrad, as a percentage of the area of ​​the city?
        1. Orel
          Orel 13 October 2017 11: 31 New
          +3
          Quote: Gamer
          I can be mistaken, but the Germans almost took Stalingrad, as a percentage of the area of ​​the city?


          "Almost" does not count. However, if there hadn’t been a counterattack under the Uranus plan in November, the ice drift that had begun on the Volga, which greatly complicated the supply and transfer of reinforcements, could well have contributed to the fact that by the beginning of December the whole city would come under Wehrmacht control. Such concerns can be read in the documents of the General Staff and the 62nd Army. And about the hopes of taking the city thanks to the ice drift can be found in the documents of the 6th Army and OKH of the Wehrmacht.
          1. Gamer
            Gamer 13 October 2017 11: 42 New
            +1
            nice thing, if those who "very little" took 95% of Stalingrad, then what would happen if there were a bit more of them?
            1. Orel
              Orel 13 October 2017 12: 07 New
              +5
              Quote: Gamer
              nice thing, if those who "very little" took 95% of Stalingrad, then what would happen if there were a bit more of them?


              But they were not there. And there were objective reasons for this. The command of Army Group B and the 6th Army did not have reserves to strengthen their troops, which stormed Stalingrad. Strengthening was due to the withdrawal of troops from the northern flank - it was already an all-in game. By reducing the density on the northern flank, the army hoped to take the city, but risked not containing a new counter-offensive of the Red Army, which happened. Hitler forced his fatal actions and constant ignoring the reports of the 6th Army to make this fatal mistake. Do not think that the operation "Uranus" was unexpected for the Wehrmacht. They were waiting for her. Aerial reconnaissance and reports of the 6th Army back in late October and early November recorded preparations for the attack. Paulus strongly demanded reserves for the northern flank. Thank God that they heard him late. The 6th Panzer Division was sent to Paulus too late, but she arrived a couple of weeks earlier and the Uranus could have problems. A fresh tank division would be a serious argument, and so Paulus had practically no chance to seal the breakthrough if it appeared. The tank fleet of the 6th Army by November was already in very poor condition. Today this statistics is. The entire army has less than a hundred tanks, including obsolete ones. You can certainly take into account the Romanian tank division, but their tanks no longer corresponded to the level of that period of the war and could not fight with the armored vehicles of the Red Army.
              1. Gamer
                Gamer 13 October 2017 15: 18 New
                +2
                And there were objective reasons for this.
                Rzhevsky ledge is the same, hollowed it with terrible losses, not allowing reserves to be transferred to Stalingrad.
                1. Orel
                  Orel 13 October 2017 19: 37 New
                  +2
                  Quote: Gamer
                  Rzhevsky ledge is the same, hollowed it with terrible losses, not allowing reserves to be transferred to Stalingrad.


                  I would expand the terminology here to Operation Mars. Contrary to domestic historical opinion, I believe that this was not a distracting operation, but the main one. The task was to encircle and defeat the troops of the 9th Army of the Wehrmacht, and then the entire Army Group Center. And the outfit of forces for the offensive was very large. It was even larger than the number of troops allocated for Operation Uranus. The difference is that the 6th Army did not have combat-ready tank divisions to counter crises and they landed in a cauldron. But at the 9th Army Model - they were. And the model used them. This is partly why Mars has failed. If Paulus had a couple of combat-ready tank divisions and the Uranus would have the same problems as the Mars.
              2. Alexey RA
                Alexey RA 13 October 2017 19: 04 New
                +5
                Quote: Orel
                But they were not there. And there were objective reasons for this. The command of Army Group B and the 6th Army did not have reserves to strengthen their troops, which stormed Stalingrad.

                Theoretically, there were reserves. But for this, the Germans needed in July 1942 to abandon the “Nordlicht”.
                And then the blockade of Leningrad would have been broken already in 1942 - during the Sinyavinsky operation. Which in real life came across Manstein's focusing on the storming of Leningrad 11 A - and both operations mutually annihilated: Neither ours broke through to Leningrad, nor the Germans were able to storm it.
                The second option - it was possible to abandon the operation "Virbelvind", "saving" 9, 11 and 20 etc. But then 3 TAs are released from us.
                In addition, the Germans had another problem - logistics. EMNIP, the entire Paulus army strategically "sat" on the same railway line. And each additional division is a load on the rear.
                ... the total daily consumption of fuel / ammunition / food / spare parts / property for the tank / motorized division is approximately 300 tons
                © D. Shein
                1. Orel
                  Orel 13 October 2017 19: 22 New
                  0
                  Quote: Alexey RA
                  In addition, the Germans had another problem - logistics. EMNIP, the entire Paulus army strategically "sat" on the same railway line. And each additional division is a load on the rear.


                  I agree. Especially if the division was to redeploy from Germany. This took at least 3 weeks, and sometimes more. Supply lines were overloaded.

                  Quote: Alexey RA
                  Theoretically, there were reserves. But for this, the Germans needed in July 1942 to abandon the “Nordlicht”. The second option - it was possible to abandon the operation "Virbelvind", "saving" 9, 11 and 20 etc. But then 3 TAs are released from us.


                  Refusal of these operations also freed our strength. Therefore, formally, all reserves were shackled. Only parts that returned to the Eastern Front after reformation and rest could be used. This is just the 6th tank Routh. She was destined to become a "fire brigade" for the entire army group "B" and the main ram of the "Winter Thunderstorm." But the release failed and the 6th was removed to localize the front on the Chir.
                2. Warrior2015
                  Warrior2015 30 July 2018 20: 57 New
                  0
                  Quote: Alexey RA
                  The Germans had another problem - logistics. EMNIP, the whole army of Paulus strategically "sat" on the same railway line.

                  The main problem of Paulus - stupidity as a commander - to throw armored formations at the storming of the city, where infantry and artillery are most effective, is the height of lack of professionalism (whereas in the steppes it is the best expanse for a tank maneuver).
            2. Okolotochny
              Okolotochny 13 October 2017 12: 09 New
              +8
              And what would happen if the Russian tsars and ending with a corn-bearer did not endow Little Russia with lands? History has no subjunctive mood. And not Chuykov, but Paulus surrendered.
              1. Gamer
                Gamer 13 October 2017 15: 20 New
                0
                as we see from the expanded comment above
                by constantly ignoring the reports of the 6th Army make this fatal mistake.
                those. might not be lucky
                accident saved? ..
                1. Orel
                  Orel 13 October 2017 19: 29 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Gamer
                  those. might not be lucky
                  accident saved? ..


                  This is not an accident, but Hitler’s management style, and even after the removal of Halder it became very bad for them, but for us it was a plus. Of course, it might not be lucky. The Germans made enough mistakes. In war, as in any other business, sometimes mistakes happen and sometimes they become fatal. The Romanians demanded Don as an anti-tank obstacle and always said that they needed a river for their defense, and in fact the Red Army had several bridgeheads on the west bank of the Don, just opposite the positions of the Romanians who did not have effective anti-tank weapons against tanks T-34 and KV. But the Germans did not begin to finish off the Red Army bridgeheads in their rear in August and paid a heavy price in November. Hurried to Stalingrad, and Hitler drove them just. And Paulus' insistent requests for reinforcements were ignored for months.
                  1. Mordvin 3
                    Mordvin 3 14 October 2017 02: 28 New
                    +4
                    Quote: Orel
                    And Paulus' insistent requests for reinforcements were ignored for months.

                    Hitler's order of November 24:
                    The troops of the 6th army are temporarily surrounded by Russians. I intend to concentrate the army in the region of Stalingrad. The personnel of the army can be sure that I will do everything in order to ensure the normal supply of the army and timely release it from the encirclement. I know the brave personnel of the 6th Army and its command team and I am sure that you all will fulfill your duty.
                    A. Hitler.
                    Manstein's report to the General Staff on December 24.
                    I must admit that the general situation has already deteriorated so much that regarding the 6th Army and Army Group Don ... major decisions have already been delayed.
                    Field Marshal von Manstein.
                    1. Orel
                      Orel 14 October 2017 13: 31 New
                      0
                      Quote: mordvin xnumx
                      The troops of the 6th army are temporarily surrounded by Russians. I intend to concentrate the army in the region of Stalingrad. The personnel of the army can be sure that I will do everything in order to ensure the normal supply of the army and timely release it from the encirclement. I know the brave personnel of the 6th Army and its command team and I am sure that you all will fulfill your duty.


                      This order signed the army's death sentence. Richtofen initially openly spoke out about the unrealistic supply of the 6th Army by air, but no one dared to give him real information around Hitler. Maybe they were afraid, or maybe they wanted to help. Both this and that played into our hands. The air bridge itself in fact turned into a beating of German transport aircraft. Losses were about 600 transport aircraft in two months. Although there was a chance for release if it were not for the resilience of the mechanized corps, which in the battles at Kotelnikovo provided time gain to concentrate the 2nd Guards Army behind their positions. Do not be so stubborn in the mechanized corps in defensive battles, even if they were surrounded and suffered heavy losses - the Germans could release Paulus. When you read the documents of the 2nd Guards Army, an apocalyptic picture of the concentration of the army appears. The columns stretched for tens of kilometers, the connection between the units was broken, the supply was poor, many cars got up. In general, the readiness to defeat the army in parts. However, the mechanized corps were able to detain parts of Routh and did not allow the skating rink to walk through the dispersed army. Otherwise, it would be trouble, but our wars were stubborn and the enemy had no chance of success. Time was wasted.
                      1. Mordvin 3
                        Mordvin 3 14 October 2017 13: 48 New
                        +2
                        Quote: Orel
                        but our wars were stubborn and the enemy had no chance of success.

                        From the diary of Engel.
                        "December 22. We have a deep depression. Nobody knows what will happen next with Stalingrad. The Führer is very silent ..."
                      2. tiaman.76
                        tiaman.76 18 October 2017 17: 14 New
                        0
                        let’s go on a breakthrough to manstein, could save many lives, although they would lose all the heavy equipment
          2. Proxima
            Proxima 13 October 2017 21: 04 New
            +2
            Quote: Orel
            Quote: Gamer
            I can be mistaken, but the Germans almost took Stalingrad, as a percentage of the area of ​​the city?


            "Almost" does not count ..

            As straight from Natasha Koroleva: "A little bit, it does not count." How much they gave, or how much they had to defend, is not our question. Most importantly, Stalingrad did not give up. And he showed the whole world that he is a hero city number 1 in the history of mankind.
          3. The comment was deleted.
          4. ando_bor
            ando_bor 14 October 2017 01: 51 New
            0
            Quote: Orel
            then the ice drift that began on the Volga, which significantly complicated the supply and transfer of reinforcements, could well have contributed to the fact that by the beginning of December the whole city would have come under Wehrmacht control.

            The Volga became November 26th.
          5. Warrior2015
            Warrior2015 30 July 2018 20: 59 New
            0
            Quote: Orel
            "Almost" does not count. However, do not be counterattacks on the plan "Uranus" in November, the beginning of the drifting of the Volga, which greatly hampered the supply and transfer of reinforcements could well have contributed to the fact that by the beginning of December the whole city would come under the control of the Wehrmacht

            Actually, in fact, Stalingrad was taken. There were only two “snatches”, where almost every day they were transferred to a fresh division, that's all. Navigation on the Volga - the strategic goal of taking the city - was blocked by the Germans (in the Stalingrad region, the Volga was called the "iron bottom").
        2. Kenxnumx
          Kenxnumx 13 October 2017 16: 26 New
          0
          If you forget about the other side.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 13 October 2017 07: 26 New
    +4
    Broke the back of the beast ...
  3. igordok
    igordok 13 October 2017 08: 06 New
    +6
    Here is an article! It seemed to be solid statistics, but I read it in one go. Thank.
  4. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 13 October 2017 09: 01 New
    +3
    How many of our soldiers died. Fearfully. Here in this hell, a Soviet soldier was born, with his steadfastness, contempt for death, willingness to obey orders at all costs. I bow my head.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 13 October 2017 09: 10 New
      +4
      Quote: vladimirvn
      How many of our soldiers died

      My grandfather as part of the penalty battalion Stalingrad stormed. I said "this, granddaughter"
      1. IGOR GORDEEV
        IGOR GORDEEV 13 October 2017 11: 33 New
        +2
        Quote: mordvin xnumx
        I said "this, granddaughter"

        So what did Grandfather say ?!
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 13 October 2017 14: 25 New
          +5
          Quote: IGOR GORDEEV
          So what did Grandfather say ?!

          Moderators did not miss a word. Well, in short, kaput, only in Russian, obscene. fellow
          1. bubalik
            bubalik 13 October 2017 15: 56 New
            0
            The penalty formations in the battles suffered heavy losses, 6 times more than in conventional troops. Three penal battalions and 22 penal companies participating in the Battle of Stalingrad were disbanded at the end of the battle.
            1. Mordvin 3
              Mordvin 3 13 October 2017 16: 02 New
              +3
              Quote: bubalik
              Three penal battalions and 22 penal companies participating in the Battle of Stalingrad were disbanded at the end of the battle.

              I didn’t know. In the 90s, my grandfather wanted to raise his pension as a participant in the Second World War, he received an answer: "Not found in the lists." And I forgot the number of the high frequency where he had been before. request
  5. Captain Nemo
    Captain Nemo 13 October 2017 11: 22 New
    +1
    Thanks to the author
  6. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 13 October 2017 12: 45 New
    +2
    From Germany, 5 sapper battalions were thrown over the air.

    Also, five sapper battalions were to take part in the assault. It is generally accepted that they were flown over from Germany, however, this is some simplification of the situation. What kind of fifth battalion is involved, the author could not establish, but the origin of the four is known. They were collected “from pine forest”: the 41st engineer battalion was transferred to Paulus from the reserve, the 71st engineer battalion was withdrawn from the 50th infantry division in the Crimea, the 122nd engineer battalion from the 122nd infantry division near Demyansk, the 336th sapper battalion - from the 336th infantry division, which occupied the front on the Don in the 2nd Hungarian army.
    © Isaev
    In front of the front of the 62nd Army, 8 German divisions were replenished and prepared for battle, numbering 90 thousand soldiers and officers, with 2300 guns and 300 tanks. The 14th Panzer and 29th Motorized Divisions were withdrawn to the reserve.

    The third assault was attended by 14 and 24 td. On October 13.10.1942, 14, there were 50 tanks in 24 TD, and 33 tanks in XNUMX TD.
    By 19.10.1942/14/15, 24 TDs actually went to zero: there were only 29 tanks left in it. In XNUMX TD - XNUMX tanks. By November, these compounds have not recovered from losses.
    Paulus also had problems with the infantry: for the third assault, he managed to find only one fresh formation - 305 infantry about nine battalions. The remaining divisions were participants in past assaults, after which 5-7 battalions remained in them.
    5 days after the start of the assault, the majority of German battalions were "weak" or "exhausted":
    By October 24, 19, the 1942th Panzer Division had 5 battalions, of which two were weak and three were "depleted." Not in the best condition were other LI chassis connections. So, the 71st infantry division had 7 battalions (2 average strengths, 3 weak and 2 depleted), the 295th infantry division - 7 battalions (4 weak and 3 depleted), the 305th infantry division - 9 battalions (all 9 weak ), 389th Infantry Division - 4 battalions (1 average, 1 weak, 2 depleted). Four battalions in the 389th Infantry Division generally were a kind of record. The same record looks like a decrease in the potential of the 305th Infantry Division from 9 average battalions before the assault to 9 weak battalions five days later. The formations with a good level of combat readiness at that time were the 14th Panzer Division (5 battalions in good condition) and the 79th Infantry Division, which arrived from the front on the Don (6 battalions in good condition)
    © Isaev
  7. heruv1me
    heruv1me 13 October 2017 13: 00 New
    +2
    yes, it was hell, and in this hell there were not only soldiers, but thousands more of civilians not evacuated, women and children hiding in the basements and dugouts.
  8. Mikhail Anokhin
    Mikhail Anokhin 13 October 2017 15: 56 New
    +4
    So what? All This is to betray and give to the tear and abuse of the Abramovich and Greft?
  9. Luga
    Luga 13 October 2017 17: 27 New
    +2
    Some of the colleagues on this resource asked not so long ago whether Samsonov Alexander had good articles and expressed doubt that this is possible. Here, please, in my opinion, the article is fully consistent with the definition of "good." I have a feeling that articles like this are written by one person, about the 17 year another, and about the Russian superethnos - the third, and deeply mentally ill person, so different topics, level and quality of presentation. Thank you for this article to the author, no matter who he is. To the best of emotional, quite informative, relatively objective, without excesses in any direction, emphasis on facts. Keep it up.
    On the topic itself.
    I still can not understand why Paulus needed to storm the ruins of Stalingrad. Why did he stubbornly and purposefully grind his divisions, including tank divisions in city blocks, or rather, in ruins, stubbornly exposing the flanks of his army. Why it was impossible to reach the Volga north and south of Stalingrad without drawing the army into street battles. Under Leningrad, the Germans behaved differently - even in 1941, Hitler forbade him to storm. What value did Stalingrad represent for Hitler, which Leningrad did not represent? How is an industrial center? So everything was already evacuated or broken. Really only ideological?
    Honestly - I do not understand why the Germans rested so much to capture the last ruins.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 13 October 2017 17: 35 New
      +4
      Quote: Luga
      Why did he stubbornly and purposefully grind his divisions, including tank divisions in city blocks, or rather, in ruins, stubbornly exposing the flanks of his army

      It was Hitler’s order: “To capture Stalingrad!” Stalin issued a retaliatory order: "Keep Stalingrad at all costs."
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 13 October 2017 18: 45 New
      +7
      Quote: Luga
      I still can not understand why Paulus needed to storm the ruins of Stalingrad. Why did he stubbornly and purposefully grind his divisions, including tank divisions in city blocks, or rather, in ruins, stubbornly exposing the flanks of his army. Why it was impossible to reach the Volga north and south of Stalingrad without drawing the army into street battles.

      Um ... what does it mean it was impossible to go to the Volga north and south of Stalingrad? belay

      The Germans just reached the Volga north of Stalingrad, cutting all the roads to the city. And our troops regularly tried to break through to Stalingrad from the north - through this "language". And in the south of Stalingrad, the Germans also reached the Volga.
      And even south of the city there was no reason to break through - the bare steppe, lakes and nothing more.
      Quote: Luga
      What value did Stalingrad represent for Hitler, which Leningrad did not represent? How is an industrial center? So everything was already evacuated or broken. Really only ideological?

      It's not about value. The fact is that Paulus near Stalingrad was in a position where he simultaneously had 2 fronts - urban and steppe. And in order to continue the operation, he needed to get rid of one of them, freeing up the forces employed on it.
      And now the question is - who is theoretically easier to put an end to? With one army, pressed to the banks of the Volga, which has no other supply routes except through the Volga and which seems to be holding its last strength? Or with 5-6 armies of the Northern Front, regularly receiving reinforcements and having reliable contact with the country?
      Moreover, after the second assault, a dangerous mirage of "last effort" hung in front of Paulus headquarters. It seemed that just a little more - and the front 62A would collapse. As a result, in pursuit of this mirage, Paulus pro ... loved all his reserves, including even the division that was supposed to advance on Astrakhan.
    3. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 14 October 2017 14: 03 New
      0
      “I have a feeling that articles like this are written by one person, about another 17th year, and about a third about Russian superethnos” ///

      And there is. This is understandable by the difference in styles.

      "Until now, I can’t understand why Paulus needed to storm the ruins of Stalingrad" //

      Hitler's dumb order: take it at all costs. Actually, the Wehrmacht ran out of steam in the offensives of 1942 and without Stalingrad. I think that even by canceling Stalingrad and transferring the attack to Baku, for example, the Wehrmacht would run into cutting attacks of the Red Army from the north. Too far the Germans went deep, having no reserves and almost leaving no garrisons along the way.
      1. Vadim Kurbatov
        Vadim Kurbatov 14 October 2017 21: 09 New
        0
        The garrisons always remained in the villages and there were always small patrols between the villages and these garrisons also ate the necessary resources because of the patrols and actions of the partisans
      2. Servisinzhener
        Servisinzhener 16 October 2017 15: 47 New
        0
        I believe that this is not least because this city was symbolic because of its name, like Leningrad.
  10. Tochilka
    Tochilka 13 October 2017 18: 58 New
    +2
    Definitely a good article! Thanks to the author. Plus.
    In addition, informative comments are pleasant.
  11. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 13 October 2017 19: 39 New
    +1
    Quote from the article:
    By mid-October 1942 Paulus army was preparing a new decisive assault. The enemy concentrated three infantry and two tank divisions in the area of ​​factories on a 5-kilometer stretch, here he decided to launch a new strike.

    The article shows how the German generals prepared for the next third offensive. The troops were concentrated on a 5-kilometer stretch, pulled 300 tanks, 2300 artillery barrels to it, and provided ground support for their aircraft. Given the peculiarity of the military operations site, German generals also worried about the engineering support of the military operations of their troops, concentrated the engineering units, pulled them from all over the Reich.
    However, the article does not indicate what our front-level generals did, namely the commander of the Stalingrad Front, Colonel General Eremenko, the future Marshal of Victory; FEA front General Khrushchev, future Secretary General of the Central Committee of the CPSU; General Staff Varennikov, future adjutant general for particularly important operational affairs under the representative of the Supreme Command Headquarters Zhukov. How did they prepare themselves, and how did they prepare to repel the third Wehrmacht offensive on Stalingrad, and what measures did they develop for this, and how were they implemented?
    According to the materials of the article, in October 1942 in Stalingrad, it turned out again almost like in the 41st, i.e. our generals again seem to have no idea about the upcoming third offensiveprobably again for our generals this next offensive turned out to be a complete surprise and they didn’t do anything to repulse it. The courage and self-sacrifice of troops, i.e. courage and self-sacrifice of ordinary soldiers, as well as commanders of a level no higher than division commanders. AND generals from the higher command staff still continued to learn how to fight and their training continued to be paid for by ordinary soldiers and their commanders, as well as junior and middle managers.
  12. Savignon
    Savignon 14 October 2017 09: 41 New
    0
    I read to the phrase "From a military point of view, it didn’t matter who got the ruins of Stalingrad." - Further this nonsense did not begin to read.
  13. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 14 October 2017 13: 52 New
    0
    Why did the Nazis after they bombed the city under the root decided to take it?
    Why did they need ruins? Which is more convenient to defend than to attack.
    This is Hitler’s inexplicable decision. It allowed the Soviet command, while there were slow and fierce battles in ruins, to tighten reserves and create the prerequisites for counter-actions.
  14. Mongoose20151
    Mongoose20151 14 October 2017 20: 06 New
    +2
    Eternal memory to the defenders of Stalingrad and all the defenders of our country! My disabled grandfather, a participant in the First World War and the Civil War, while staying in Stalingrad, stubbornly insisted "the Germans cannot defeat us, I know them," and my cousin lived through this nightmare, but lost her militia husband and two small children.