Military Review

Manpower on the killed technology

18



The wars with Israel, although they were all lost, gave the Egyptian army considerable experience. And today it is the most efficient of the Arab. And by the number of weapons and equipment - one of the largest in the world.

The army is recruited, while it has a very high prestige in society and a strong influence on political life, which was once again confirmed in the summer of 2013, when, with the active support of the urban population, the military overthrew the Muslim Brotherhood government.

The country is well developed by the Arab standards of the military-industrial complex, capable of producing equipment of almost all classes, albeit under foreign licenses. The country maintains exclusive relations with the United States, actively cooperates in the military-technical sphere with the main European countries, especially with France, has long-standing close ties with China and has almost completely restored relations with Russia. This makes it possible to acquire military products from everyone: apparently, Egypt is the only country procuring weapon both in North and South Korea.

However, today a significant part of the equipment used by the ARE army is seriously outdated, which is why the figures below should be considered largely conditional. Nevertheless, in the Middle East, Egypt is inferior in military potential only to Israel.
The ground forces include three field armies, each with three army corps. They consist of five armored (1-I Republican Guard, 4, 6, 9, 21-I) and eight mechanized (6, 7, 8, 16, 17, 19, 23, 36-I) divisions, as well as, in the same way, it will be out of the way to make it out of the way to make it into an allotment, and you will be in a position where you are going to be able to use it. , eight regiments of special forces.

Egypt has significant missile potential, including 6 PU (24 missiles) of the North Korean Nodon MRBD (range reaches 1300 km), 92 PU (390 missiles) of the Soviet Р-17 several modifications (500 – 900 km), and also created 6 PU of own Al-Badr OTR (30 missiles) and 10 PU (50 missiles) of North Korean Xvason-6 plus 60 PU of its own Sacre-80 and 48 PU of Luna with arsenal 648 missiles ( 6 for installation) range of less than 100 kilometers.

The basis of the tank park is made up of the American МNNXXА1130 "Abrams" 1, most of which are assembled under license in Egypt. Significantly obsolete machines: American M1А1929 / 60, 1 "Ramses-3" (our T-425, modernized in Egypt according to Western standards), to 2 Soviet T-54. Of the more 653 BRMs, almost half of the Soviet BRDM-62. There are also 600 not less old American "Commando Scout" and 2 М112 (version МХNUMX BTR), 33 modern South African RG-981М. Infantry fighting vehicles - the Dutch YPR-113 (180 unit) and the Soviet BMP-32 (up to 765). The number of armored personnel carriers exceeds 541 thousands. These are 1 own “Fahd-225” (with a tower of the Soviet BMP-5) and 635 “Fahd-280”, American V-2 and 758 М240 180 (including the 150 EIFV with the BMNUMX “Bradley” BMP tower with “Bradley”, ”GH-100,“ Brad ”,“ G-100 ” with 2448-mm cannon, 113 KSHM M1200), 2 American Caiman and 800 RG-25, 131 English Sherpa, 577 Dutch YPR-400, 260 of the Spanish BMP-33P; BTR-115, to 57 BTR-765PKM (upgraded in Belarus), to 217 BTR-600, to 600 Czechoslovak OT-60 and 230 OT-40, to 479 their "Walid". However, as already mentioned, in view of the venerable age of a significant part of the technology, the number of BRMs in service, BMP and BTR can be much less.

Egyptian artillery is extremely numerous and the overwhelming majority of its samples are Soviet, Chinese or own. SAU: 124 with its SP-122 (Soviet howitzer D-30 on the American ACS M109 chassis), 565 M109 (365 А1 / 2 / 3, 200 А5). Towed implements: up to 48 Chinese 60 Tour and up to 144 similar Soviet D-74, up to 200 D-30, up to 100 M-30, 388 Tour 59 and 98 M-46, up to 264 D-20, up to 136 D-20, up to 16 D-52, up to 24 M-23, up to 100 D-3, up to 50 19 Finnish GH-8, XNUMX Soviet C-XNUMX, to XNUMX BS-XNUMX, to XNUMX A-XNUMX. The number of mortars can reach XNUMX thousands.

Much attention is paid to the development of rocket artillery, a number of own MLRS of the Sakr family based on Soviet, Chinese and American designs have been created. The total number exceeds 1200. These are 250 VAP-80 (80 mm), 96 towed RL-812 (analogous to the Chinese Tour 63), North Korean X-NUMX BM-145, 11 "Sacr-48", 8 "Sacr-50", X-CHNXX, X-CHNXX, X-CHNXX-10, X-CHNXX, 72 "Sacr-18", 130 "Sacr-30", X-CHNXX, X-CHNXX, X-CHNXX, SX-100, 36 "Sacr-20", X-CHNXX, X-CHNXX, X-CHNXX, SX-RT-45, 100 Sacre-21, 38 Sacre-XNUMX, before XNUMX Sacre-XNUMX, order XNUMX of Soviet BM-XNUMX Grad, XNUMX American MLRS. As in the case of armored vehicles, the actual number of artillery systems may be significantly less than this, since it is high time to write off a part of the guns, mortars and MLRS.

There is a US 1867 "Tou" (including 482 self-propelled - 182 M901, 300 YPR-765PRAT). All other ATGMs (around 1200 Soviet “Baby”, 220 French “Milan”, 260 issued under the English license in Egypt “Swingfire”) are decently outdated.

In service with military air defense 121 short-range air defense system. These are the 75 modern American Avenger and the old 26 Chaparel, the Soviet 20 Strela-1. The number of MANPADS reaches 3 thousands: 164 American Stinger, 600 Russian Igla, to 2000 Soviet Strela-2 and their local counterparts Ain al-Sakr. There are more than 300 ZSU - 108 American M163, 218 Soviet ZSU-23-4. Also, on arms consist 72 air defense system "Amoun" (each including American SAM "Sparrow" and Swiss aircraft guns GDF-005) and 220 ZRPK chassis BTR M113 with gun ZU-23-2: 148 "Nil-23» (with MPADS "Ain al-Sakr") and 72 "Sinai-23" (with Stinger MANPADS). Anti-aircraft guns: US M72A167 3 to 650 Soviet ZU-23-2, 700 to 61-K, to C-600 60 to 400 12 COP-up to COP-300 19 to 120 30-COP. The combat capability of most Soviet guns is extremely doubtful.

The Air Force has up to 500 combat aircraft. The most modern of them are 219 American F-16s (26 A, 7 B, 144 C, 42 D), 6 French Rafales B and 19 Mirage-2000 (15 EM, 4 combat training VMs). The rest of the aircraft are outdated, so not all of them have retained combat effectiveness. This is up to 73 French Mirage-5s, up to 52 Soviet MiG-21s and up to 73 of their Chinese counterparts J-7, as well as no more than 12 reconnaissance vehicles based on military vehicles (probably 6 Mirage 5SDR and MiG-21R each) . In the ranks of the American aircraft RER (2 EC-130H, 2 "Beach-1900") and AWACS (7 E-2C). Transport aviation includes 23 C-130H, 1 VC-130H, 2 “Cessna-680”, 1 “Beach-200”, 8 “Beach-1900C”, 4 “Falcon-20”, 6 “Gulfstream” (all American), 8 Canadian DHC-5D, 3 Ukrainian An-74TK-200A, 1 European A-340, 20 Spanish S-295. Training aircraft: up to 39 Franco-German Alpha Jets, up to 54 Brazilian EMB-312, up to 74 German Grob-115EG, up to 120 Chinese K-8, up to 11 Czech L-39ZO and up to 39 L-59E, 10 Z- 143. Alpha Jets, L-39 and L-59 can be used as light attack aircraft.

All Egyptian army aviation is part of the Air Force. These are 45 American AH-64D “Apache” and no less than 4 Russian Ka-52, 2 helicopter RER “Commando” Мk2Е, more 200 multi-purpose and transport vehicles (75 French SA-342K / М / L, 3 European-powered X-NNXX French X-NUMX X-NUMX X-NUMX / M-L, 109 X-NUMX) AW-2, up to 139 Russian MI-50, 17 Soviet MI-39, 8 US CH-18D, 47 S-4, 70 UH-4L, 60 UH-22, up to 60 “Command”).

Air defense in Egypt is a separate aircraft from the Air Force. Armed - 18 batteries (108 PU) US SAM "Improved Hawk" and 4 battery SAM "Patriot" (32 PU), 44 battery Soviet of S-125 (88 stationary PU) and 10 battery upgraded version of the same SAM (60 Mobile PU), 40 batteries of SAM Tayer el-Khob, a local modification of the Soviet ZRK C-75 (240 PU), 3 division (18 PU, 9 ROM) of the Russian ZRS C-300В, 10 batteries of the Russian Buk system (30 PU) ), 14 batteries of the Soviet Kvadrat air defense missile system (84 PU), 40 batteries of the Amun system (80 PU ZAS Aspid, 80 guns GDF-005), 315 SAMs of short range (XNUM X Russian “Thor”, 16 French “Crotal”, 144 American “Chaparel”). Of all the above systems, only the Patriot and C-155В, the Buk and Thor systems can be considered modern.

The Navy, like other types of Egyptian armed forces, is very large, but they also have a lot of outdated equipment. In the underwater navy 4 very old Chinese submarines of project 033 and 2 latest German projects of 209/1400, with at least 2 more of them being built. There are 11 frigates: 1 “Tahya Misr” (French FREMM project), 4 types “Alexandria” (American “Oliver Perry”), 2 “Damyat” (American “Knox”), 2 “Al Zafer” (Chinese pr. 053Н1) , 2 "Abukir" (Spanish type "Descuberta"). The Tariq frigate and the El Fateh destroyer of British construction in the forties are used as training. The Corvette class includes El Fateh (the newest French built, three more are supposed to be built) and Shabab Misr (South Korean Pohang). The Navy is armed with 4 latest American missile boats of the Ambassador-3 type, 6 English Ramadan, 5 German Tiger (Project 148), 6 Chinese Hegu (Project 024), 4 Oktober (former Soviet pr. 183, but with Italian anti-ship missiles “Otomat”), 8 Soviet projects 205 and 1 Russian project 12411. Patrol boats: 4 Chinese Hainan type, 6 Soviet project 206 (former torpedo boats with installed MLRS BM-24), 4 Chinese "Shanghai"; 11 American "Swiftship". The mine-sweeping forces include 2 American Osprey, 3 Dat Assavari and 2 Safaga (American Swiftship), 4-6 Asyut (Soviet ave. 254), 4 Aswan (Soviet ave. 266), 4 Finnish minstabs "Tuima" (former missile boats, etc. 205).

Landing forces include 2 UDC type "Nasser" (French "Mistrals", failed "Vladivostok" and "Sevastopol"), 3 Polish TDK project 770, 9 Soviet landing craft project 106. Why Egypt "Mistrali" difficult to say (they and Russia, objectively speaking, were not very necessary). Perhaps there is excessive ambition or even direct corruption. However, it is possible that the purchase of the UDC is somehow related to the conflict between Egypt and Ethiopia, or the ships were acquired on the recommendation of the UAE, based on certain collective all-Arab actions.

Of the entire fleet, modern, in addition to UDC, can only be considered “Tahya Misr” and “El Fateh”, boats “Ambassador-3” and with reservations - frigates “Alexandria”, RK project 12411, minesweepers “Osprey”.

The coastal defenses include the 3 PU of the Italian PKR Outot, several of the Soviet SSR 4K87 Sopka, and the Soviet SM-4-1 guns.

Naval aviation has X-NUMX American anti-submarine helicopters SH-10G and 2 "Sea King", 1 French multipurpose SA-9.
Despite the archaic and not too high level of combat training of the Armed Forces, the country has no real opponents in the Middle East with the exception of Israel, with whom Egypt is no longer going to fight. In any conflict in the region, the army of Egypt will ensure the victory of the coalition on whose side it will fight. Therefore, the Arabian monarchies and seek not to miss Cairo from the sphere of influence.

After the military overthrew President Mursi, who represented the Muslim Brotherhood movement, in July 2013, Egypt completely broke with Turkey and Qatar, with whose help Mursi came to power. But Cairo was dependent on Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, since after the overthrow of the “totalitarian Mubarak regime”, Egypt’s economic situation became, as one would expect, disastrous. This dependence of the Egyptian generals was not at all pleased, because for the sake of liberation from some Islamic radicals they had to support others. After a quarrel between Riyadh and Abu Dhabi, Cairo naturally sided with the more moderate UAE. As a result, Egypt took an extremely limited part in the Yemeni intervention, and absolutely none at all in the fight against the “Assad dictatorship”. This greatly contributed to the fact that the situation in Syria was broken in favor of government forces. Egypt is rapidly returning to the number of the most important buyers of Russian weapons: the Cairo is expected to sell MiG-35 fighters, and the delivery of attack Ka-52 helicopters has already begun. This is an additional guarantee that the strongest militarily Arab country will not take the side of anti-Russian forces in the Middle East conflict.
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18 comments
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  1. andrewkor
    andrewkor 14 October 2017 06: 30
    0
    So they would have gained combat experience in Syria since it didn’t work in Yemen, warriors hr ..you!
    1. xetai9977
      xetai9977 14 October 2017 12: 09
      +4
      Very motley technique! And how do you manage to get parts for them? As for the opponents, the region is turbulent. Maybe the situation will be such that Ethiopia will be an adversary due to the resources of the Nile
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 14 October 2017 15: 30
        +5
        Quote: xetai9977
        Very motley technique! And how do you manage to get parts for them? As for the opponents, the region is turbulent. Maybe the situation will be such that Ethiopia will be an adversary due to the resources of the Nile

        The data on the air defense forces are absolutely not reliable and are overestimated several times. Khramchikhin simply does not understand what he is writing about.
    2. siberalt
      siberalt 14 October 2017 15: 11
      +3
      M-yes! With such an army they cannot drive terrorists into their wilderness. lol
  2. Mar.Tirah
    Mar.Tirah 14 October 2017 07: 24
    11
    They were lost due to the ambitions of the Middle Eastern monarchs who refused to consult and support the USSR. While we supported them Israeli tanks, planes and ships burned like New Year's candles.
    1. andj61
      andj61 14 October 2017 08: 08
      +7
      Quote: Mar. Tira
      They were lost due to the ambitions of the Middle Eastern monarchs who refused to consult and support the USSR. While we supported them Israeli tanks, planes and ships burned like New Year's candles.

      The main striking force was by no means the armies of the Middle Eastern monarchies, but the armies of Syria and Egypt. And they delivered weapons unnecessarily, and there were enough advisers. But not horse feed. Not the Arabs, so they were beaten in turn worse by the armed ones - until the 70s this was really so - the smaller Israeli troops. Any instructions from our advisers were useless: they had to be followed, and the Arabs had great difficulties with this. To succeed, it was necessary to replace the Egyptian and Syrian units with Soviet ones - in separate forms: air defense, aviation did happen in the end, but ours did not fight instead of Arabs. And in general, it was necessary to limit ourselves to only individual deliveries of weapons - the close involvement of the USSR in the conflict only provoked massive assistance to Israel from the United States and the West - before that, Israel was under sanctions on their part. hi
    2. The comment was deleted.
  3. Vard
    Vard 14 October 2017 08: 11
    +7
    The devil is in the details ... it is certainly convenient ... released and forgot ... but electronics, this is an insidious thing. Out of order and sit, look at the blank screen. In these circumstances, the presence of a large mass of primitive weapons may be a decisive factor ...
    1. EvilLion
      EvilLion 15 October 2017 13: 27
      0
      For example, Su-35 has these 2 screens with information output to any. And the reliability of the simplest devices like a ballistic computer can be surpassed only, I do not know, by a glass block that really "works" until it is destroyed.
    2. Nikolai Grek
      Nikolai Grek 15 October 2017 17: 30
      +4
      Quote: Vard
      Out of order and sit, look at the blank screen.

      lol lol lol good good good
  4. Rhino
    Rhino 14 October 2017 08: 18
    0
    This is the muffler at the dude on the left!
    1. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 14 October 2017 09: 23
      +1
      Quote: Nosorog
      This is the muffler at the dude on the left!

      No. It doesn’t work that way. This is a "stunner." (When a grenade bursts over your ear ...)
    2. inkass_98
      inkass_98 14 October 2017 09: 25
      +4
      This is not a silencer. This is a mortar for throwing rifle grenades.
  5. padded jacket
    padded jacket 14 October 2017 12: 18
    +2
    Who cares about the Egyptian Armed Forces parade, a hash, as they say, "yet that" however there are interesting examples.

    Egyptian modernization of the M-60.
  6. ingenera
    ingenera 14 October 2017 16: 54
    +6
    An army that has lost all wars, but big and strong. True, the technique is old and crappy ... But mastery of the numbers delivered! What is the article about? I said all this in two sentences.
  7. Protos
    Protos 15 October 2017 01: 00
    +1
    Quote: And Us Rat
    Quote: Mar. Tira
    They were lost due to the ambitions of the Middle Eastern monarchs, who refused to consult and support the USSR.

    That's just the chronology indicates that they refused to consult after lost wars.
    But what’s most interesting - after this refusal, the desire to fight with them sharply diminished ... which suggests that the main thing instigator of these wars was the USSR.
    Quote: Mar. Tira
    While we supported them Israeli tanks, planes and ships burned like New Year's candles.

    When the exchange 1:10 would be ashamed to boast.

    Yes, to underestimate their losses and inflate the losses of the enemy, the Israelis even outdid the ministry of propaganda of a certain Paul lol
    "Propaganda cannot be objective; it must be fundamentally subjectively one-sided."
    Follow in the footsteps of teachers wink
    1. MadCat
      MadCat 15 October 2017 04: 15
      0
      Quote: Protos
      some Paul's propaganda lol
      "Propaganda cannot be objective; it must be fundamentally subjectively one-sided."
      Follow in the footsteps of teachers wink

      Soviet propaganda was even more effective as I look, losing all the wars in the Middle East with an overwhelming advantage (quantitatively) in the Air Force, Air Defense and tanks, managed to create a "halo of winners."
    2. Professor
      Professor 15 October 2017 13: 10
      0
      Quote: Protos
      Yes, to underestimate their losses and inflate the losses of the enemy, the Israelis even outdid the ministry of propaganda of a certain Paul

      Give your "objective" data. Name of loss is required.
      1. EvilLion
        EvilLion 15 October 2017 13: 32
        +2
        It can be seen, because no one will check until they get into the documents of the military units, but no one will give these documents. You can still 50 years, probably talk about victories without loss. Although victory without losses is something else, the Germans out there tell how they lost the total war to smithereens with small losses, but on the territory of the former. In the 3 of the year, the Ukrainian SSR "fights" with Russia. Israel has room to grow.
        1. Professor
          Professor 15 October 2017 18: 52
          +4
          Quote: EvilLion
          It can be seen, because no one will check until they get into the documents of the military units, but no one will give these documents.

          All documents and ALL full names are in the public domain. No one is forgotten and hidden. In Israel
          a) Losses do not hide or classify
          b) It is technically not possible to do this.
          c) The concealment of losses will begin and the contest in infantry and other combat units will disappear.
          d) The concealment of losses will begin and we will fight like arbs.
          1. Atlant-1164
            Atlant-1164 17 October 2017 15: 13
            +2
            Do you really think you have a combat-ready army? fought with the Bedouins and so decided? pray to God that you really would not have to fight with a really combat-ready army.

            the power and ability to fight the army of the Jews is the merit of the world media .. and they belong to your fellow tribesmen. this is where the halo of invincibility of your army rests. and only. advice, do not inspire yourself for what is not. and you will be happy.