Military Review

Air Force Red Army against the Luftwaffe. Transport aircraft


We can immediately say that transport aircraft is one of the components of the Air Force, without which it is difficult to imagine the normal work of any army of that time. Urgent delivery of goods, the transfer of troops, supplies - these components are important and in some cases without them simply can not do.

Today we will consider the opposition that unfolded in the sky of the Great Patriotic War between the transport aircraft of the Soviet Union and Germany.


The point, of course, is the capitalist approach, which requires the development of all transport systems. And Germany, from the very end of the crisis after the First World War, began to build passenger aircraft, some of which, in turn, became bombers, and some - transport aircraft.

Junkers Ju-52 / 3m

Produced from 1932 to 1945 year. A total of 4 845 units were built.

Built in 1930, the prototype of the Junkers Ju-52 had a single engine and a distinctive fuselage of corrugated metal. Following the test, the number of engines was increased to three, and the plane was designated Ju 52 / 3m.

Initially, the aircraft was used as a passenger airliner in the airline "Lufthansa". Was created and the transport option. In general, the design of this aircraft was originally laid the possibility of rapid modernization in a light bomber.

In 1936 — 1939 The modernized Ju-52 as part of the revived Luftwaffe took part in the Spanish Civil War as part of the Condor Legion, but already in those years its flight characteristics as a bomber were inadequate, and the Ju-52 suffered significant losses.

But as a transport plane, "Aunt Yu" or "Iron Annie", was very useful.


Weight, kg
empty aircraft: 6 500 kg
normal take-off: 10 500 kg
maximum take-off: 11 000 kg

Engine type: 3 x BMW-132T-2 x 830 hp
Maximum speed: 285 km / h
Cruising speed: 250 km / h
Practical range: 1090 km
Maximum rate of climb: 175 m / min
Ceiling: 5 900 m
Crew: 3 people
Payload: 18 passengers or 2500 kg of cargo

Armament: one X-NUMX-mm machine gun MG-7.9 or 15-mm MG-13 on the upper turret, one MG-131 above the cab, two MG-15 in side windows, 15 x 10-kg bombs or 50 x 2-kg bombs.

Air Force Red Army against the Luftwaffe. Transport aircraft

Ju-52 was used on all fronts and in the rear, produced throughout the war. He took an active part in the largest German airborne operation - the seizure of the island of Crete. It was used to supply troops, including those who were surrounded, building "air bridges" of supply at Demyansk and Stalingrad.

Heinkel Non-111

Developed as the fastest passenger aircraft in the world, the Non-111 did not live up to its hopes. The passenger plane didn’t really come out of it, due to the narrow and uncomfortable cabin and economy. Profitability, frankly, there was no.

But the plane attracted the attention of the Luftwaffe, and out of it came a wonderful bomber.

However, with the beginning of the Second World War, the Luftwaffe реб s hands were quickly withdrawn from circulation by all passenger aircraft and converted them into transport ones. The number was not very large, but the outbreak of war demanded the transfer of troops and cargo.

Therefore, 12 airplanes of the “C” series were renamed “G”, the armchairs were thrown out, defensive armament was installed and the aircraft began its military transport career.

The transport plane from Non-111 turned out, so much so that in 1943, the non-111H-20 / R-1 (transport-landing plane) and R-2 (glider towing aircraft) version went into series.


Weight maximum take-off: 8 460 kg
Engine type: 4 x BMW 132H-1 x 880 hp
Maximum speed: 345 km / h
Practical range: 2400 km
Ceiling: 8 390 m
Crew: 2 people
Payload: 18 man of troops or 1500-1800 kg of cargo

The H-20 series was more substantial. From the 770 aircraft series, 214 were modifications of the R-1 and R-2. From the “G” series, the “H” series differed by a cheaper version of the wing with a simplified design.

This is also worth adding a masterpiece He-111-Z-1 - a tandem of two aircraft He-111, connected to each other by a fifth engine. The Zwilling was used as a tugboat for the heavy glider Me-321.

empty aircraft: 21 500 kg
normal take-off: 25 350 kg
maximum take-off: 28 600 kg

Engine type: 5 x Junkers Jumo 211F-2 / S-2 x 1060 hp
Maximum speed: 435 km / h
Towing speed:
with Me-321 - 340 km / h
with two Go-242 - 220 km / h
Practical range: 250 km
Ceiling: 10 000 m
Crew: 4 people

Junkers Ju-352

Further work on the not entirely successful aircraft Junkers Ju-252, which in theory was supposed to replace the Ju-52. But 252 was released only in 15 copies, and therefore it is not worth talking seriously about it.

At the end of spring 1942, the firm "Junkers" received from the Ministry aviation instructions to redesign Ju-252 with the maximum use of non-strategic materials and replacing Jumo-211 engines, the production of which barely covered the needs of military aircraft, to air-cooled Bramo-323R-2 engines. As a result, in 1943, the Ju-352 appeared, nicknamed the Herkules company, very similar in appearance to the Ju-252, but essentially a different airplane.

The "highlight" of this aircraft was "trapoklappe", in fact - amphibious ramp with hydraulic drive. Nominally, according to the “trapklappe”, a vehicle could be driven in by an aircraft, but in practice winches and cables were used for loading.

Weight maximum take-off: 19 600 kg
Engine type: 3 x BMW-Bramo-323R-2 x 1200 hp
Maximum speed: 370 km / h
Practical range: 3 000 km
Maximum rate of climb: 315 m / min
Ceiling: 6 000 m
Crew: 4-5 pax
Payload: up to 4 300 kg of cargo
Armament: one MG-151 / 20 cannon in the top HD-151 / 2 turret

A very promising aircraft, the Ju-352 was an unconditional step forward compared to the Ju-52 / 3m. Especially interesting were reversible screws. A reverse propeller technique was developed for the central engine during landing, followed by the rest of the remaining screws at the moment of contact. As a result, the run decreased by 60%.

A total of 43 vehicles were built and transferred to the Luftwaffe.

Messerschmitt Me-323 "Giant"

The heaviest land plane of the Second World War. And the most impressive in payload (up to 23 tons).

Me-323 was built on the basis of the heavy military glider Me-321 "Gigant" and engines of the French company "Gnome-Rhone", captured in the warehouses of occupied France. He was superior to the main Luftwaffe transporter Ju-52 in terms of payload by 5 times, and in terms of efficiency - by almost 2 times (0,57 versus 1 liters of fuel per ton-kilometer).

The first prototypes had four engines, but, due to low thrust-to-weight ratio, only six-engine variants were designed in the future. The chassis of the aircraft, which was supposed to withstand heavy loads and whose shock absorbers acted on the principle of a railroad buffer, was a technological innovation of the time.

Me-323 was mainly used to supply German troops in Tunisia and North Africa, in 1942-1943, making departures from the Apennine Peninsula and from the island of Sicily.

In January, 1943, the Me-323, was involved in the supply operation of the Paulus 6-th army surrounded in Stalingrad. We flew from the airfield Zverovo.


Crew: 5 people
Weight empty: 27 000 kg
Curb weight: 29 500 kg
Maximum takeoff weight: 43 000 kg
Payload Mass: 11 000 Kg or 130 Soldier
Engines: 6 × Gnome-Rhône 14N x 950 hp

Maximum speed: 250 km / h
Cruising speed: 210 km / h
Practical range: 800 km
Service ceiling: 4700 m
Rate of climb: m / s 3,6
Climbing time: 4000 m for 35 minutes

The Me-323D-1 defensive armament initially consisted of four MG-7,92 15-mm machine guns, two of which were placed in blisters at the top of the cargo doors, and two more on top of the fuselage. Plus there was the ability to use assault machine guns.

But with the release of the aircraft, defensive weapons increased, and as a result it became quite impressive:

Two X-NUMX-mm MG-20 / 151 cannons in EDL 20 turrets on the wing, 151 machine guns: two MG-9-13-mm machine guns in the nasal hatch, one MG-131 at the end of the flight deck, four MG-131 in the two upper sets and two MG-131 in the lower side installations.

Total was released 201 aircraft.

Gota Go-Xnumx

Attempt to make a transport plane from the cargo glider Go-242 by installing captured French engines "Gnome-Rhone".

Obviously, the non-motorized version of the "flying container" of the Goth company turned out to be more successful. The experience of using these aircraft on the Eastern Front and in other theaters of war was considered unsuccessful. Insufficient engine power, problems with spare parts for the whimsical French “Dwarfs” and low flight speed were noted. Therefore, the release of Go-244 stopped, the plant returned to the assembly of airplanes Go-242.

Weight maximum take-off: 7 800 kg
Engine type: 2 x Gnome-Rhone 14М-4 / 5 x 700 hp
Maximum speed: 290 km / h
Practical range: 740 km
Rate of climb: 270 m / min
Ceiling: 7 650 m
Crew: 2 people.
Payload: Paratrooper 23 or 3 000 kg of cargo
Armament: four 7,9-mm machine gun MG-15

Total 172 aircraft was released

The Arado Ar-232 did not make the list of transport workers, but we will pay special attention to this aircraft for special operations.

In general, based on the foregoing, it can be concluded that the Luftwaffe had a very significant number of transport aircraft (and a huge number of transport gliders) and was able to promptly solve supply issues.

Air Force Red Army

Here we will again observe the “bomber” approach to the question. Paradoxically, in the USSR they did not build heavy transport aircraft. And the entire transport aviation was represented by literally two aircraft. But - what!

The main burden of transport operations lay on the wings of the Douglas DS-3, aka PS-84, aka Lee-2. Until the end of the war, the 11 000 of these aircraft was produced. From Li-2 they even tried to make a night bomber, but they brought more benefit from the Li-2 as a transport.

There is no point in listing the places where Lee-2 was used. The front line, and what was behind it (surrounded parts, partisans, sabotage groups), and rear were the fields of his activity.

Take-off weight: 7 700 kg
Maximum take-off weight: 10 500 kg
Engines: 2 x M-62IR x 1000 l. with.
Maximum speed: 320 km / h
Flight range: 2 560 km
Practical ceiling: 5 600 m
Load capacity: up to 25 person or 3 000 kg of load

Lee-2 was exploited in the middle class. And his contribution to the victory is huge. But there was another, no less honored aircraft.

Y-2 / Po-2

It is difficult to say how many 33 000 airplanes were used as transport. Multifunctionality, as they would say today, this aircraft allowed everything. And to throw bombs and take out the wounded (sanitary modifications U-2С-1 and У-2С-2), to deliver cargoes where it would be impossible for an ordinary plane to fly.


Normal take-off mass: 1250 kg
Engine type: 1 x M-11K x 115
Maximum speed: 140 km / h
Cruising speed: 115 km / h
Practical range: 720 km
Rate of climb: 83 m / min
Ceiling: 2 400 m
Crew: 1 people.
Payload: two passengers or 300-400 kg of cargo

It is worth mentioning the special modification of the Y-2.

In the sanitary modification of the U-2C-2, the fuselage was designed, in addition to the pilot, for 2 seats (one lying and one sitting), in addition, the 2 man was placed on the lower wing in the removable cabins of the Bakshaev or Shcherbakov engineers.

It was made more than 500 aircraft of this modification.

It is well known that the U-2 played a very significant nightly role as a night bomber, but was no less valuable as a supplier of small cargo and medical aid. Considering how many of these aircraft were produced in the prewar period and during the war, it can be concluded that it took place as a transport aircraft.

What conclusions can be drawn? Disappointing for the Luftwaffe. Despite the fact that from a technical point of view, the transport planes of Germany were in many ways superior to the Soviet ones, there were more of ours. However, if you look at the average, our main air truck Lee-2 was not inferior, and in many respects even surpassed the main German transporter Ju-52.

The fact that the Germans had “miracle machines” of the type Me-323 did not correct the situation, with the exception of a few operations on the Eastern Front, the Me-323 worked in the south.

And naturally, the best transport aircraft feel when the sky has the superiority of its air force. A striking example is the Demyansk operation 1942 of the year. In conditions of superiority of the Luftwaffe in the air, the Germans were able to provide the surrounded grouping with everything necessary.

Literally six months later, in Stalingrad, the Luftwaffe colonel Fritz Mortsik, who successfully created the “air bridge” in Demyansk, was unable to help the Paulus army, faced with serious opposition from the Red Army air force.

It was at Stalingrad that the Luftwaffe transport forces were so undermined that they could not recover from the losses incurred before the end of the war.

The figures of the manufactured aircraft also suggest that by making a bet on one universal transport vehicle, the Li-2, the Soviet command made life much easier in terms of training pilots and repairing machines. With regards to the U-2, which could fly any pilot of the USSR, it was all even easier. Personnel were prepared before the war.

And this round was left to our pilots and factory workers.

Shunkov V.N. Luftwaffe Aviation.
Simakov B.L. Aircraft Country of the Soviets.

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  1. hohol95
    hohol95 5 October 2017 15: 10
    So the Yak-6 and Shche-2 also did not deserve attention, like the R-5?
    So it turns out?
    And TB-1/3 did not change into transport and did not contribute to the overall victory?
    Eh ...
    1. Strashila
      Strashila 5 October 2017 16: 58
      I completely agree with you ... hard worker TB-3, aka G-2 in civilian performance
    2. BAI
      BAI 5 October 2017 17: 43
      Obviously, this meant aircraft that were originally designed as transport. R-5 - reconnaissance, TB-3 bomber. In the end, you can carry bricks on a fighter.
      1. Kenxnumx
        Kenxnumx 5 October 2017 19: 50
        But shche2 was designed as a transporter. Though and wretched.
        1. jjj
          jjj 6 October 2017 12: 51
          An-2, in fact, was designed before the war, but felt that it was not needed. That is why a large proportion of the transport work fell for Po-2.
    3. not main
      not main 5 October 2017 22: 50
      Quote: hohol95
      So the Yak-6 and Shche-2 also did not deserve attention, like the R-5?
      So it turns out?
      And TB-1/3 did not change into transport and did not contribute to the overall victory?
      Eh ...

      Reread the article. There we are talking about VO, not the beginning of the 30s!
      1. Kenxnumx
        Kenxnumx 6 October 2017 06: 37
        Shche2 times of war.
      2. svp67
        svp67 6 October 2017 07: 09
        Quote: non-primary
        Reread the article. There we are talking about VO, not the beginning of the 30s!

        That you read the history of our aviation. G-2, just in the years of the Second World War were used with the LARGEST intensity ...
        1. not main
          not main 6 October 2017 19: 29
          Quote: svp67
          Quote: non-primary
          Reread the article. There we are talking about VO, not the beginning of the 30s!

          That you read the history of our aviation. G-2, just in the years of the Second World War were used with the LARGEST intensity ...

          And R-5, TB-1, TB-3 are the masterpieces of the Second World War? By the way, in the article Li-2 and U-2! Neither G-2 nor Shche-2 are considered! So that is not the topic.
      3. hohol95
        hohol95 6 October 2017 07: 32
        In October 1943, the aircraft was put into production at factory number 47 (now it is FSUE PO Strela) in the city of Chkalov (Orenburg) under the name Shche-2. 567 cars were produced.
        Woo a la ...
    4. Rus2012
      Rus2012 6 October 2017 10: 32
      Quote: hohol95
      So it turns out?

      ... so it turns out that the lion's part of Li-2, DS - worked even as bombers.
      Something about this in the article did not find ...
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 6 October 2017 11: 04
        Scroll through the previous article on bombers!
  2. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 5 October 2017 15: 25
    They even tried to make a night bomber out of Li-2, but Li-2 brought more benefit as a transporter.

    What it means tried? From Li-2 done bomber - and these machines were armed with entire regiments of ADD. Li-2s worked as bombers even in 1944 and 1945 - near Leningrad, according to Helsinki, according to Koenigsberg.
  3. Dooplet11
    Dooplet11 5 October 2017 15: 40
    Another hastily sloppy opus. Article minus.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. andrewkor
      andrewkor 5 October 2017 18: 41
      I completely agree with you, the article by Kutsai about the Red Army and the Luftwaffe. Junkers-290A-1, Arado-232, DFS-230, Ka-430,
      seaplane BV-222.
  4. xomaNN
    xomaNN 5 October 2017 16: 34
    The author presented such a poor set of Soviet transport workers. Indeed, in the USSR, several types of passenger aircraft were requisitioned during the war, and the "Tupolev" outdated bomb carriers worked on this field bully
  5. San Sanych
    San Sanych 5 October 2017 16: 42
    the article is interesting, but not complete, we assume that this is the first part, we are waiting for the continuation ... nevertheless, the author is a plus. PS About Heinkeli 111-Z-1 it was very interesting to read a rather little-known airplane
    1. faiver
      faiver 6 October 2017 15: 06
      Well, about zwilling, those who usually haven’t heard of the ME-321 gliders and the ME-323 transporter hi
  6. BAI
    BAI 5 October 2017 17: 39
    Transport Aviation of the USSR
    Second World War
    Aircraft Li-2 (PS-84), Transport aircraft PS-40 and PS-41, Airplane Shche-2, Military transport aircraft Yak-6
  7. tchoni
    tchoni 5 October 2017 17: 50
    Again copy-paste from the wiki ..... Topvar is impossible to read
    1. NIKNN
      NIKNN 5 October 2017 18: 03
      Quote: tchoni
      Again copy-paste from the wiki ..... Topvar is impossible to read

      Quote: Dooplet11
      Another hastily sloppy opus. Article minus.

      Alas ... The author in addition is not very critical of what he writes, the speech is about the Me-323 ...
      The heaviest land plane of the Second World War. And the most impressive in payload (up to 23 tons).
      and then he ...
      Weight empty: 27 000 kg
      Curb weight: 29 500 kg
      Maximum takeoff weight: 43 000 kg
      Payload Mass: 11 000 Kg or 130 Soldier
      Where is the author wrong? It’s not right that it refers to his work is not very responsible ... Although any work should be evaluated put + ... request It should be clarified that the carrying capacity is up to 23t. had a Me-321 glider, not a Me-323 plane ..., well, as an interesting addition: ... on the Me-323, almost all the engines that could be captured anywhere were used. M-25 was captured a lot in all versions, but M63 was especially appreciated as the most powerful ... hi
  8. andrewkor
    andrewkor 5 October 2017 19: 12
    One of my favorite Soviet aircraft that I haven’t sold is a transporter based on the ANT-14 Pravda, unified in many components with TB-3. Judge for yourself: take-off weight 17,5t., Full load 6,7t., AM-34 engines 4 * 900hp, speed 250km.h., range 1500km. For 5 airborne corps of the Red Army, it’s 100pcs each. The short-sightedness of the leadership did not allow this project to be realized and I had to poke a circus with TB-3 at Vyazma and carry goods on it between the chassis.
  9. exo
    exo 5 October 2017 20: 19
    Forgetting the TB-3, this is very wrong. Li-2, after all, is not ours. The S-47 or DC-3, the most successful transport aircraft of the time. And, for sure: one of the centenarians.
    The article is rather weak. But, the attempt at analysis itself is worthy of respect.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 6 October 2017 00: 44
      Quote: exo
      S-47 or DC-3, the most successful transport aircraft of that time. And, for sure: one of the centenarians.

      But a lot depended on the pilots. And how the pilots of our VTA flew during the Second World War is well written by P.M. Mikhailov. "10000 hours in the air."
      Greater Douglas Commander

      "In the fall of 1944, the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia, acting together with Soviet troops advancing from the west, cleared cities, villages and entire regions of Yugoslav land from fascist hordes.
      Great help to the Yugoslav partisans was provided by our air group, based in Bari ....
      Soon the eldest of the American officers approached Volodya.
      “Okay,” he said, shaking the hand of the Soviet pilot, “you made a truly brilliant landing! If I hadn't seen it myself, I would never have believed: to sit in such weather, at night, on such, if I may say so, an airfield! Incomprehensible! ..
      - All our passengers clung to the windows with their noses, looking into the night. The pilots themselves know that the car against a passport with a company guarantee is overloaded one and a half times. We grabbed the seats with our hands, how we began to come off, waiting: something will happen? The area is as big as a sparrow's nose, and there are mountains all around. And everyone wants to fly home ...
      Pavlov confidently at a safe speed lifted the car into the air, laid at the same time as he climbed a steep, "Taranovsky" bend, turned around and lay down on course. If Volodya knew English, he could have told his many passengers that it was not the first time that Soviet pilots “squeezed” much more from foreign aircraft that fell under their control than is written in the company guarantee. "
      But it’s better to read the whole book. Especially about the Soviet air group in Italian Bari. This air group helped the Yugoslav partisans.
  10. Cannonball
    Cannonball 5 October 2017 21: 43
    To say that DC-3 and PS-84 are one and the same is to sin against the truth. Yes, the PS-84 was built on the basis of the DC-3 under license, but this is not a copy, but a machine similar in design, which had serious differences. In addition to domestic engines and on-board equipment, in addition to domestic (mainly) materials, recalculated structural elements according to domestic standards of strength and the conversion of inches to metric sizes, there were also design differences. For example, the internal layout of the compartments was changed, the front door opened inward, not outward, etc.
    And yet, until the end of World War II, the name Li-2 was applied only to military variants, and only then it was assigned to passenger cars.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 6 October 2017 10: 45
      Quote: Cannonball
      To say that DC-3 and PS-84 are one and the same is to sin against the truth.

      It’s about how to say that the American 40 mm / 56 Mark 1, Mark 2, M1 anti-aircraft guns and the Swedish Bofors are one and the same. smile
  11. Curious
    Curious 5 October 2017 23: 55
    If the author speaks of the conversion of He-111 into a transport one, it would be logical to mention similar works in the USSR Ermolaev Er-2OH and Petlyakov Pe-8OH.
    In turn, mentioning the U2 / Po2, one should also talk about the famous Fieseler Fi 156 Storch
    Yes, and the Fw.200 Condor is worth mentioning ..
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 6 October 2017 04: 14
      Quote: Curious
      And the Fw.200 Condor is worth mentioning.

      I agree with you, but there may be those who doubt this. The Fw-200 Condor is better known as a long-range naval reconnaissance and torpedo bomber.
      On this plane, reverse conversion took place. The aircraft was originally created by the passenger.
      “The FV-200 aircraft was first launched in 1937 by Fokke-Wulf in Bremen as a passenger aircraft for long-distance airlines. It had 20 passenger seats. Its crew consisted of four people: two pilots, a radio operator and a barman. The first series of aircraft were installed BMW-132G or BMW-132DC engines with a capacity of 720 hp each at an altitude of 900 m and 665 hp at an altitude of 3800 m. The Fokke-Wulf-200 passenger aircraft was adapted by the Germans for a long-range heavy bomber during World War II The FV-200 S-3 aircraft was easily vulnerable, the crew’s armor protection was unsatisfactory But, of the eight crew members, only the pilot and two rear gunners had armor protection. The low flight data of the aircraft, the great vulnerability and the low efficiency of fire protection limited its combat use. The aircraft had to be modified, which resulted in the installation of BMW-801 engines. "
      a / nemeckie-samolety / 1242-fokke-vulf-fv-200-s-3
  12. Sverdlov
    Sverdlov 6 October 2017 03: 30
    An interesting article ..
    1. andrewkor
      andrewkor 6 October 2017 04: 33
      The article is interesting for those who are not in the know, comments are more interesting, give an incentive to delve into the history of aviation itself.
  13. rubin6286
    rubin6286 7 October 2017 00: 37
    Dear author! Just listing the brands and TTDs of the transport aircraft of Germany and the USSR in the past war is not enough. Even if not all types of machines you have listed. The Germans still had Siebel-104,204, captured French and Italian cars, we had R-5, Shche-2, TB-3, ANT-9. This is not the case. The effectiveness of the use of transport aviation must be judged on the basis of the tasks assigned to it during the war on a particular theater.

    Before the others, airborne troops were created in the USSR. However, neither the Khalkhin-Gol, nor the Finnish company, nor the liberation campaign of 1939, the Soviet military transport aircraft took part. The Germans went further in this matter. They were able to carry out successful landing operations during the seizure of Belgium, Holland, Norway, Crete and organize their interaction with the ground forces and aviation, and not only was the landing operation practiced, but also its landing on enemy airfields.

    At the first stage of the war, the Germans, in terms of air supremacy, were able to successfully use military transport aircraft for landing, delivering ammunition and fuel to ground forces, carrying out sabotage operations, etc. The fleet of transport vehicles was impressive, the aircraft reliable, the crews trained. What could our transport aviation answer, the main machines of which were Li-2 and Po-2. The regiments suffered heavy losses, but in the winter of 1941 the landing of troops near Vyazma was, according to German experts, carried out competently, and the landing of the paratroopers in the rear was also possible for organizing sabotage work and partisan movement. And how much food was delivered by air to the besieged Leningrad?

    After the air superiority passed to the Soviet Air Force in 1943, the simultaneous landing of entire military units became possible. In some cases it was successful, in others it led to heavy losses. Li-2 could take a landing with small arms and this was already not enough, but there was nothing else so far. The Germans were more practical here too. They had Me-323, Ar-231, on which they could deliver reinforcements, cars, armored personnel carriers, light tanks, anti-aircraft guns, anti-aircraft guns, and take out the wounded. It was the supply from the air that allowed Rommel to stay in North Africa for a long time and even win victories there.

    The scarcity of the fleet of Soviet transport aircraft allowed only the deployment of tactical airborne assault forces. There could be no talk of a strategic airborne operation. Even in combat operations in the Far East in 1945, transport aircraft were attracted sporadically, although successfully.
    1. andrewkor
      andrewkor 7 October 2017 05: 58
      I agree with you in many ways, see above about ANT-14bis (in my version). In the Manchurian operation, the BTA played an important role in supplying rapidly advancing Soviet troops, especially the Transbaikal front. Of course, it is impossible to compare with the supply of the African Corps, but the fighting did not last for years, but a couple of weeks, a maximum The paratroopers also had to fight when they captured Dalniy, Port Arthur, in Korea, on Sakhalin. Landing assault forces, without resistance, but with particular risk, ensured the surrender of the Kwantung army. But, again, I agree with you, the scale is far from the European theater of operations.
      1. Conductor
        Conductor 9 October 2017 10: 40
        With bitterness, and then Khrushchev and Dalniy and Port Arthur handed over to the Chinese, in 1954, in general, for which they fought.
  14. Conductor
    Conductor 9 October 2017 10: 38
    Like some other Dornier was, or is it Arado? There, somehow, it seems, they managed to stick caterpillars onto the plane.
  15. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer 9 October 2017 14: 35
    There is no point in listing the places where Lee-2 was used. The front line, and what was behind it (surrounded parts, partisans, sabotage groups), and rear were the fields of his activity.

    Father in the 50s flew in the North on the Li-2P Li-2T aboard technician.
    He spoke well of the aircraft - reliable.
    Then he retrained on IL-14, then on IL-18.