There is a solution to this problem with a number of positive points for the economy as a whole. The essence of the statement of the problem is as follows: to create conditions for increasing the efficiency of investments through more intensive use of the production potential, including through the release of parts, assemblies and constructs for civilian products.
Such a task can be solved by creating a communicative environment of a new level of quality, ensuring a deep level of industrial cooperation, using technological interaction and accumulated industrial and technological experience, more efficient use of material and intellectual resources in the industrial sphere. Under the influence of the environment of this level of production culture, an area of diffusion (interpenetration) between civilian and defense industries will be formed, the return on investment will increase. The problem of conversion will gently move into the area of expanding industrial cooperation while maintaining the features of the structure of the defense sector.
The implementation of such a program may have an accelerator effect for the domestic economy, in particular, the modernization of the processing industries, the development of new construction materials and their products, the development of instrument and machine building, environmental programs, programs to initiate business activity of the population and small business development.
At the same time, the military-industrial complex will receive a powerful tool for developing and maintaining the existing scientific and technological potential for the production of weapons and military equipment at a high professional level, and the special chemistry industry will be restored to a new qualitative level.
The development, creation and introduction of such an environment in the economy can be engaged in the newly formed Development Center conversion at the military-industrial complex of the Russian Federation.
Funding for this topic can be allocated both for a separate FTP, and at the expense of existing programs, for example, programs for the exploration of the Moon, environmental programs, etc. Additional materials can be worked out after making a decision in principle to establish the center.