September 1917: "the tale of the lost time"

September 1917: "the tale of the lost time"

Historians consider the beginning of the new political season in Russia 1917 to be “intertemporal,” if only nobody would have regretted. Vladimir Lenin hid in Finland this summer, Leon Trotsky left prison in September and quickly began to score political points with eloquent speeches in the Pre-Parliament, Joseph Stalin hid and waited with other party comrades, not accepting Lenin’s idea of ​​an urgent armed coup.

In August, the Bolsheviks crushed the Kornilov revolt, and in September it was difficult to conceal that the sympathies of the people had gone their way. Lenin anticipated social rebellion and urged him to lead, and only the head of the Provisional Government, the Februarylist Alexander Kerensky, did not want to change anything. "Wait for the Constituent Assembly," he repeated this phrase, like a mantra. And its ratings - if such fixed - tended to zero.

“After the Kornilov collapse, it became clear to everyone that something would happen. Nobody doubted this anymore. The only question was when it would be, what day? But that will be followed by no less, and even more serious events, in this everyone had a conviction, - says the doctor in an interview with Nakanune.RU historical Sciences Alexander Pyzhikov. - September - "lost time", passed in bickering, intrigue, clarification of relations, in the feeling that something is about to happen. This "something", no doubt, was connected with the Bolshevik Party, since after the Kornilov events the Bolshevik Party rose like a phoenix from the ashes — this statement is completely true. How did this happen? The party was in the "corral", the leaders were "outlawed", they were hiding or sitting in a Petrograd prison, and suddenly they come to the fore. This catalyst, this "suddenly" was the Kornilov revolt. "

In anticipation of the Constituent Assembly, the Kerensky 1 of September declares Russia a republic. The gesture is beautiful, but just as senseless, as if the captain of the ship going to the bottom gave him the official status of the ship. Naturally, Kerensky did not wait for an enthusiastic reaction (as I must say, the Constituent Assembly would not wait). His short-sightedness didn’t hide from either the neat Russian look or the “big brothers” - ambassadors of the Entente countries. Once these foreign gentlemen, in order to prevent Nicholas II from escaping the war, who was not going to leave it, sponsored the February coup. And now they were in the same situation with Kerensky - it was first of all important for the allies that Russia continue to fight, but on the front things were worse than ever: the Germans occupied Riga, and our soldiers left weapon, refused to fight and went home - to divide the land. The leader of this farce practiced verbiage at some pre-parliamentary meetings inspired by the romance of post-revolutionary France.

The fear that their protege does not reflect reality has settled in the hearts of Western diplomats, entangled in democratic talkers, meetings, debates and discussions. At this time, Kerensky, having already banished Nikolai Romanov and his family in August, deep into Siberia, puzzled what to do with Kornilov, who was deprived of his powers. And on September 22-23, the head of the "temporary builders" formed the last IV composition of this government, which very much resembled the composition of the first Moscow cabinet of ministers as it was under the tsar. Deja vu foreign investors intensified.

The commander-in-chief of the great republic was called "on the carpet" by the ambassadors of England and France.

"It was an absolutely incapable government, and 26 September, literally three days after its formation, the ambassadors of the Allied countries of the Entente asked for the meeting. On behalf of the ambassadors, Buchanan spoke, he spoke to Kerensky as no one spoke to him, he spoke with him, as with a guilty boy who nazilil. Unless the ruler on the back of the head did not hit. He began to lecture Kerensky, they say, what are you aware of what you are doing here? So much money was spent on you, so much English-French help and Our peoples — English and French — are interested in, but where did the money go? How did you manage it? Why did you give money to these naughty people who are not able to control public administration and maintain order. Kerensky was furious, he did not know what to do " - says Alexander Pyzhikov, Doctor of Historical Sciences, in an interview with Nakanune.RU.

Kerensky burned and was indignant, he immediately ran to call the American Ambassador Francis - now the only, as he believed, faithful man. Kerensky wanted to express his gratitude for the fact that Francis did not participate in this shameful drag. All the love of the “chief temporary worker” from now on goes to only one, the most faithful ally - this is the United States (where he will later escape from the Winter Palace). And here history repeated itself again - the Provisional Government quarreled with the Entente, as the tsarist regime had done in its time.

The tsarist government of the autumn of 1916, the winter of 1917, also headed for America — then wide gestures were made, permissions were given to open banks in our country, and railroad concessions: to Moscow and Donetsk — everything was for Americans only. It was assumed that cooperation should be very stormy, it would seem, this was prevented by the February events. But with what they started, and so finished, now the top of the Social Revolutionaries in the Provisional Government, taken by the States under the auspices, showed a turn to the United States. This also confirms that the “Februaryists” did not succeed in changing the course of history, they turned out to be only a pale reflection of what they set about to fight.

And the "temporary worker" was the same, and, perhaps, even more divorced from reality: and reality gathered strength to come in October. The whole history of September, like the Provisional Government, is a tale of lost time.

“There will be reprisals with the possessing classes, as Lenin called them, this is not to be avoided. The question is who will lead all this. What Kerensky wouldn’t hold the situation was clear to himself, especially after the democratic conference, where he was laughed at and they booed him. This has never happened before. And this is why the Bolsheviks held out, did not disappear anywhere - the Bolsheviks felt the quick wave of the social revolution and considered it necessary to ride this wave. ”That’s why they went upstairs”, says Alexander Pyzhikov.

Just like Nikolai in his time, Kerensky was sure that if unrest began, he would be able to crush the revolution, because he has military units loyal to him. The boomerang of history flew to the back of the head, hopes turned out to be illusions - the highest officers did not forgive Kerensky Kornilov and ceased to be loyal, and the soldiers considered him himself a Kornilovist, and, in their opinion, he did not deserve trust. At the very beginning of September, elections to the Petrograd Soviet took place, only half of the members of the executive committee were present at the meeting, but they all voted for Kamenev’s resolution not to trust the bourgeois parties, he offered to give all power to the socialist forces, which he agreed for the first time in history. When the bourgeois parties woke up, came to their senses, they considered the results of the vote to be wrong, announced that it was a technical failure. At the same time, a new member appeared in the Bolshevik camp of September 9 - Lev Davidovich Trotsky. He got out of prison and immediately plunged into the maelstrom of political battles, winning sympathy with his well-hung tongue.

"Put to the vote [in the Petrosoviet] the question of trusting the executive committee — that is, to themselves, once such a“ strange ”result came out. But Trotsky showed such energy, delivered such a speech already at full assembly - here there was a quorum, and just wanting to listen, "he delivered one of the best eloquence speeches, outweighed even Kerensky, as his contemporaries said. He pointed out theatrically to Chkheidze and Dan, said, look at them, look between them. Chkheidze and Dan started, they sat side by side, everyone started watch what's in between And Trotsky continued - among them the shadow of Kerensky "Kerensky shadow -. It is a shadow of compromise, which completely covers Chkheidze and Dan are all accomplices and henchmen of the bourgeoisie - the same as Kerensky, Kerensky's followers policy. And we are here to stop this policy once and for all and throw all these compromisers out of the councils with a knee in the ass. ”As a result, the vote was not even a show of hands, but who were“ for ”approached one table, who was“ against ” The Bolsheviks were supported, moreover, Trotsky was elected chairman of the council, everything became clear from September 9 - that the Bolsheviks won here, they won in Moscow, in the Moscow Council, "says the historian Alexander Pyzhikov.

But what to do next - here opinions are divided. Kamenev, Zinoviev, Rykov were “cautious,” the idea was to organize a socialist government with other socialist parties, while Trotsky fully supported Lenin and believed that it was necessary to prepare for an armed uprising.

“Trotsky was supported here by a group of young people, left-wing, radically-minded young people, among whom Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin stood out. Strictly speaking, these forces — Lenin, Trotsky, and the youth led by Bukharin — these were the forces that pushed through the decision about an armed uprising, and , in fact, conducted it, "- says the historian Alexander Pyzhikov in an interview with Nakanune.RU.

While at the highest levels they were pushing speeches and listening to ambassadors, the Bolsheviks decided to carry out their march to power.
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  1. +2
    27 September 2017
    He (Buchanan) began to chastise Kerensky, saying, what is it, do you realize what you are doing here? So much money spent on much English-French help has been provided, and our peoples - English and French - are interested, but where did this money go? How did you handle them?

    Explain plainly: Who paid for this revolution? Why is everyone stubbornly talking about the "sealed carriage" and no one stutters about the huge tranches into the accounts of the "Provisional Government" headed by A. Kerensky. Maybe here, this is the answer to the events of 1991 already. No party is ever homogeneous; sometimes people of opposing views and their actions are present in them.
    1. +5
      27 September 2017
      The issue of financing the revolution, even I would say the issue of financing the overthrow of the king, still has not received objective and unbiased coverage. The version of the “sealed carriage” and the Bolsheviks obviously suits everyone.
      No one is interested in facts such as where Germany suddenly got the extra money from.
      Everyone somehow forgets the environment of President Woodrow Wilson (who already had money), especially such an odious figure as Eduard House, the author of options for the post-war structure of Europe for the President of the United States.
      It was he who wrote that the victory of the Entente "will mean the European domination of Russia." But he considered the victory of Germany extremely undesirable. Conclusion - the Entente should win, but without Russia. House long before Brzezinski spoke out that “the rest of the world will live calmer if there are four Russia in the world instead of a huge Russia. One is Siberia, and the rest is the divided European part of the country. ”
      And through House, the ends go to his like-minded resident of British intelligence MI-6 in the United States, William Weisman, who after the war will become a banker and will be accepted into the well-known Kun and Loeb company. And from Weissman, the chain stretches to the British elite - Lloyd George, Balfour, Milner.
      Everyone somehow ignores the fact that a friend of the Minister of Railways Lomonosov drove the train of Nicholas II instead of Tsarskoye Selo for some reason to Pskov, and thanks to the lobbying of the Minister of Finance Bark on January 2, 1917, on the eve of the revolution, the American branch was opened for the first time in Petrograd City Bank. ”
      And the first client was the conspirator Tereshchenko, who received a loan of 100 thousand dollars (at the current rate - about 5 million dollars). For that time, the loan was completely unique, without preliminary negotiations, without specifying the purpose of the loan, collateral. They just gave money and that's it. Noted on the eve of the February events in Petrograd, the British Minister of War was banker Milner, and not with empty pockets.
      But there were still "unofficial persons". The American Red Cross mission arrived in Russia, but of its 24 members, only 7 were related to medicine. The rest are big businessmen or scouts.
      So the topic is waiting for its harvester, who will cut through all this dense thicket.
      1. +2
        27 September 2017
        that is, even then a prototype of the organization — doctors without drugs — existed ..
        1. +1
          27 September 2017
          Quote: Long in stock.
          .. already then a prototype organization - doctors without drugs - existed ..

          As without drugs, and who distributed the Spanish flu? Indeed, at that time it was possible to destroy up to 100 million people, mainly those who were vaccinated "from the Spanish woman." So I think that even then we arrived "fully equipped".
      2. +1
        27 September 2017
        Quote: Curious
        through House, the ends go to his like-minded resident of British intelligence MI-6 in the United States William Weisman .. the first client was the conspirator Tereshchenko, who received a loan in 100 thousand dollars (at the current rate - about 5 million dollars) ..

        I note that the article itself and I’m writing not about this small thing, and MI-6 arose after WWII, in the 60s, not earlier. I’m talking about other money, about two tranches from New York from Y. Schiff VP (A. Kerensky) of $ 200 million each (that is, today it’s already totaling $ 2 trillion). Both the article and my post are devoted to financing already October, and not February, because the difference is significant. Information about this "walks", but no one wants to pay attention to it, surprisingly.
        1. 0
          27 September 2017
          "Yes, and MI-6 arose after WWII, in the 60s, not earlier."
          The Secret Intelligence Service was founded in 1909 as a foreign department of the Secret Service Bureau and was a joint body of the Admiralty and the Ministry of War i.e. broken into two parts.
          After the outbreak of the First World War, an administrative reform was carried out After the outbreak of the First World War, an administrative reform was carried out, and the two aforementioned departments dealing with foreign affairs then began to be called the Directorate of Military Intelligence Section 6, MI6 (MI6) .
    2. 0
      27 September 2017
      opening banks in our country, concessions for the railroad: to Moscow and Donetsk - everything is only for Americans.
      were the old favorites opposing the reversal?
      give money and go to amers!
      ! And Kerensky overthrow of the English + FR ?????????
  2. +2
    27 September 2017
    What else can I say, the Provisional Government from February to October tacked, tacked, but did not catch ....
  3. +7
    27 September 2017
    It was the time of the Blasheviks, whatever one may say. And praise to Lenin that they took full advantage of their chance and the chance of a crumbling empire. And that would be so: Siberia with its capital in Tobolsk and Europe to the Urals.
  4. 0
    28 September 2017
    "Lenin, Trotsky and youth, led by Bukharin,
    these are the forces that pushed the decision on the armed uprising "////

    It's right. Not all Bolsheviks were for an armed uprising. To Lenin
    it was difficult. Without Trotsky, the October revolution would hardly have succeeded.
  5. 0
    28 September 2017
    The interim government quarreled with the Entente, as the tsarist regime had done in due time.

    Did the "tsarist regime" quarrel with the Entente?

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