Turkey - for the Turks

36


Exactly 95 years ago, September 9 1922, the Turkish troops entered Smyrna (now Izmir) - the last major city held by the Greeks in Asia Minor. This meant the end of the Greek-Turkish war of 1919-22, in which Greece suffered a crushing defeat.



In Smyrna for many centuries the Christian population prevailed. By the beginning of the twentieth century, more than half of the 200’s thousands of inhabitants of the city were Greeks, another approximately 15% were Armenians, so the Turks called it “gyaur-Izmir” - “wicked Izmir”. It is not surprising that when the Greek government in 1919 tried to annex the Greek territory inhabited by the Greeks on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, Smyrna became the capital of these lands.

But 26 August 1922, the Greek army was defeated in the battle of Karakhisar, after which the Turks drove it without stopping all the way to the coast. Along with her, hundreds of thousands of Christians who flooded Smyrna fled from the pogroms. In early September, more than half a million people had accumulated there, which the Greek military could no longer protect.

In the vain hope of avoiding the mass death of the civilian population, the Greeks surrendered the city without a fight under the guarantee of safety and free departure for all its inhabitants. The Turkish commander-in-chief, Mustafa Kemal, officially gave such a guarantee, stating that any of his soldiers who had inflicted at least some harm to a civilian would be shot. However, these were just empty words.

On the same day, a monstrous massacre and mass arson of Christian houses, churches, schools, libraries, commercial and administrative buildings began in Smyrna. Greeks and Armenians were killed without exception, and this was often accompanied by savage atrocities. The local Bishop Chrysostom was pulled out of his beard, gouged out his eyes, cut off his nose, ears, and only then was shot, and his assistant was tied by the legs to the car and dragged along cobblestones until he died. People were smashed with daggers, women had their breasts cut off, men had their genitals cut.

Escaping from the slaughter, crowds of citizens and refugees rushed into the port, where English, French and Italian warships stood in the roadstead, hoping for their protection. But the recent allies of Greece only watched indifferently, referring to their neutrality in the Greek-Turkish conflict. Several Greek ships in the same place could accommodate only an insignificant part of the people who were looking for salvation.

The Turks, nevertheless, did not dare to continue the slaughter in front of foreign sailors. Instead, they blocked the port, stopping the supply of food and fresh water. The reason for this they announced that in the port, in addition to women, old people and children, there were men of military age, from whom the Turks demanded total surrender.

Soon the embankments of Smyrna turned into hell. People died of thirst, many killed their children, unable to look at their torment, and then finished with them. Others gave up, the Turks gathered them in groups, took them out of the city and no one else saw them. Meanwhile, in the port tens of thousands of still living people sat and lay among the decaying corpses.

Only September 23 began a truly massive evacuation. The Greeks drove to the shore all the available watercraft and continuously removed those who could still be saved. The rescue operation was voluntarily attended by American, Japanese and Scandinavian merchant ships located off the Anatolian coast. Some even threw their goods into the sea to take on more refugees. However, death mowed people faster than they had time to save.

By September 30 it was all over, there were no living Christians left in Smyrna and its surroundings. About 400 thousands of people managed to evacuate, and 183 thousands of Greeks, 12 thousands of Armenians and several thousand Assyrians died at the hands of murderers, in a fire of fires, or died of thirst. Mustafa Kemal stated with satisfaction: "I see a great sign that Turkey has cleared itself of foreigners and traitors. From now on Turkey belongs to the Turks!"

At the same time, he instructed his foreign minister to make a statement that there had been no pogroms and murders, all the talk about them was vile slander, and the Christians themselves allegedly set fire to Smyrna. This point of view, the Turkish authorities officially adhere to now, indignantly denying any accusations.

On the screen saver - the red-banner Turkish army led by Mustafa Kemal (the future Atatürk), under the joyful dances of the locals, enters Smyrna. Turkish historical propaganda picture.





Anatolian Greeks fleeing the Turks arrive in Smyrna in late August - early September 1922.



English battleship "King George V" at the breakwater of the Port of Smyrna. Behind him is the burning city. Next are photos taken in the port and on the embankments of Smyrna, waiting and during evacuation.











Overloaded people boat overturned at the pier.



Refugees who arrived from Smyrna on one of the Greek islands of the Aegean Sea, and those who failed to escape from the city.
Our news channels

Subscribe and stay up to date with the latest news and the most important events of the day.

36 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. +2
    17 September 2017
    Turkey for the Turks that says it all
    1. +2
      17 September 2017
      This only marked the shell ... In fact, it will be more correct: Turkey - for the Jews. Since the Jewish Revolution of the Young Jews in 1908 everything was done for the interests of God chosen by the hands of numerous extras of the titular people. It is no accident that it was in Turkey that Parvus and Trotsky coordinated their actions to organize the Jewish Sabbath around the planet.
      ... By the personality of Mustafa Kemal, one can recall: when he was just starting to rebuild the army after the defeat of Turkey in the PMA, even our authorities could easily end it. But for this, the Zionists organized our ARF Dashnaktsutyun in order to advance their interests at crucial moments in history .. But how the Zionists in Moscow helped him was a Swan song (the Frunze monument there still symbolizes an unbreakable bond). And then it went and went, there was a social competition: who will help him more, Russia and / or France. How the frogmen armed the Turks against the British, the allies of the Entente, in general, should be shown in school textbooks.
      And always remember the words of the German Kaiser, something like "... every brand passed to the Turks saves us one soldier."
      1. +1
        18 September 2017
        "In fact, it will be more correct: Turkey - for the Jews" ////
        ------
        How interesting. I thought you were an expert on Armenians,
        but, as it gradually turns out, you are much more interested in the Jews.
        This is historically clear. smile
        1. 0
          18 September 2017
          Rather it will be - it is clear from history ...
        2. 0
          20 September 2017
          sometimes I feel sorry for you Jews. you are to blame for everything and for all, according to many, even in your own Holocaust. somewhere you spoiled karma laughing
      2. +5
        22 September 2017
        At the monument, on Taksim-K.E. Voroshilov square, and not M.F. Frunze. About the Jewish conspiracy, if the Greeks and Armenians do not know how to fight, although they got the lion's share of military trophies Av-Hungar. and so on., i.e. it wasn’t necessary to start ... and then howl about the atrocities of the Turks. They would have broken Ataturk and slaughtered the Turks ... and they were crying ...
      3. 0
        October 6 2017
        It is interesting to read from the Armenians, who themselves are Jews.
    2. +3
      17 September 2017
      Quote: Bakhshiyan Rachik
      Turkey for the Turks that says it all

      It sounds just as silly as the Gulf of Finland for the Finns, the Golan Heights for the Dutch, and Bobruisk for beavers.
      What is the territory of modern Turkey? It was once a conglomeration of peoples from ancient times living on this earth - Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians, etc. Not only did the Turks capture this territory, but they also staged the genocide of the indigenous peoples.
      The Izmir massacre, in comparison with the terrible genocide of the Armenians of 1915, is just flowers. And all the "civilized" countries swallowed it, including the "innocently killed" Nicholas II.
      Hitler, when he inspired his nonhumans to crimes, said that who now recalls the Armenian massacre?

      Sorry for the photo. But this must be known and remembered, so that IN THE FUTURE SUCH NOT REPEATED.
  2. +3
    17 September 2017
    On the headband there is a red-banner Turkish army led by Mustafa Kemal [
    /bapter... And now what is it? Zelenoznamennaya? .. Under the same banner, in 1974 she slaughtered the Cypriot Greeks ..

    [B]
    But the recent allies of Greece only watched indifferently, referring to their neutrality in the Greek-Turkish conflict.
    .. Of course, by this time England and France had received everything they wanted from the former Ottoman Empire, and there was no desire to aggravate relations ..
    1. +2
      17 September 2017
      Attention is once again sharpened: it was the frogmen who armed Kemal ... as they explained, they needed a strong Turkish army to shield from Bolshevism.
      1. +1
        18 September 2017
        Quote: Karen
        it was the paddlers who armed Kemal

        The Communists of the RSFSR armed Mustafa Kemal, and they also threw a lot of gold (this was during the famine in the Volga region). But Kemal, knowing well with whom he was cooperating, killed many Turkish communists.The Moscow Treaty (tour: Moskova Anlaşması) is a “treaty of friendship and brotherhood”, signed on March 16, 1921 in Moscow by representatives of the government of the Turkish Grand National Assembly and the government of the RSFSR.
        1. 0
          23 September 2017
          In response, the Turks closed the straits for the Entente)))) Bash on the bash ..)))
  3. +2
    17 September 2017
    One of the survivors of the Smyrna massacre was the sixteen-year-old Aristotle Onanisis, the future ship tycoon and international businessman who created a fleet of supertankers and cargo ships larger than the fleets of many countries. At the same time, he was able to save his father, who was in the Turkish concentration camp and his family.
    And the cargo was thrown into the sea in order to save as many people as possible the Japanese, who, after a little fifteen years, staged the Nanking massacre. Paradoxes of history.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  4. +3
    17 September 2017
    Well, the atrocities of the Greeks during the occupation of Western Anatolia in Russia are not customary to recall. you have to be objective! Yes, and set fire to Izmir a very vague question. more of an ideological struggle and not of history on our website here, but it's a pity.
    I want objectivity
    1. 0
      17 September 2017
      If you want objectivity ... then Kemal himself watched the massacre from the balcony.
      It is a pity, of course, that the British could not restrain the French then.
      1. +3
        17 September 2017
        facts to the studio.
        also if you remember what happened to the Turks in Thessaloniki, and other parts occupied by the Bulgarians?
        Greeks incidentally defended the Turks. then there was an exchange between Greece and the Kemalist Turkey population. Turks from Thessaloniki to the Greeks from Izmir.
        1. +2
          17 September 2017
          Thessaloniki has never been occupied by the Bulgarians. Stop lying!
          1. 0
            17 September 2017
            Good Bulgarians. here we have just one Bulgarians walking on the installation of transformers).
            Wi is certainly right. wrong. but in general the Greeks did not slaughter civilians like Bulgarians in the Balkan war
  5. +1
    17 September 2017
    [quote = ukoft] coordinated [/ quote [quote = ukoft] Well, the atrocities of the Greeks during the occupation of Western Anatolia in Russia are not customary to recall. you have to be objective! Yes, and set fire to Izmir a very vague question. more of an ideological struggle and not of history on our website here, but it's a pity.
    I want objectivity [/ quote]
    Occupants generally believe that everything is allowed to them, and in this case personal motives: I hope you remember that the Turks captured Greece? A bunch of reasons have accumulated there: long-standing Turkish oppression of the Greeks, religious differences, connivance of an older coma
    andanova, or even incitement
    PS
    Do you seriously think that the Greeks and Armenians deliberately set fire to Izmir, and then attributed everything to the Turks? It may well be that some Christian set his house on fire so as not to be left to the Turks. In fact, the Greeks had no time to purposefully set fire to the city
  6. 0
    17 September 2017
    Quote: Proxima
    Quote: Bakhshiyan Rachik
    Turkey for the Turks that says it all

    It sounds just as silly as the Gulf of Finland for the Finns, the Golan Heights for the Dutch, and Bobruisk for beavers.
    What is the territory of modern Turkey? It was once a conglomeration of peoples from ancient times living on this earth - Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians, etc. Not only did the Turks capture this territory, but they also staged the genocide of the indigenous peoples.
    The Izmir massacre, in comparison with the terrible genocide of the Armenians of 1915, is just flowers. And all the "civilized" countries swallowed it, including the "innocently killed" Nicholas II.
    Hitler, when he inspired his nonhumans to crimes, said that who now recalls the Armenian massacre?
    Tu
    Sorry for the photo. But this must be known and remembered, so that IN THE FUTURE SUCH NOT REPEATED.

    I hope you didn’t forget that the WWI then went and RI fought against Turkey? How else do you think Nikolay 2 should have reacted? Read the Russian newspapers of that time, they tested for the massacre or claimed: “everything is fine, the marquise: the mare is dead, the house burned down, but everything else is fine” do the Turks of Armenians like and cherish?
    1. +1
      17 September 2017
      It is precisely that it all ended with newspaper trepidation and notes of Entente protest. I do not blame the Russian Empire for not taking any steps to save the Armenians. Now it’s hard to judge. The bad news is that everyone hastened to establish diplomatic relations with the new Turkey for the sake of the political situation, but somehow it was decided not to recall the genocide. But Russian is a sacred language. It’s not for nothing that we have “memory and understanding” of the word - synonyms. We didn’t understand that a terrible event in history happened. And if we didn’t understand it and did not draw any conclusions, then the event was repeated on the territory of our country in the form of Nazi genocide .
    2. +2
      17 September 2017
      djn

      Here is a photo of the killed peaceful Turks. killed by the Armenians in 1915.

      here is the girl killed by the Armenians in 1914.

      as an officer of the Russian army of bread, who fought on the Caucasian front, wrote:
      "accept my resignation, we can’t watch the armholes kill civilians." there were a lot of those killed
      1. +1
        18 September 2017
        There is a textbook story of those days.
        Jemal on horseback approached the convoys to the desert, and one of the women turned to him.
        - Jemal, there are only women and children - let us rest a bit ...
        - Armenian women are more dangerous than their husbands ...
        - Cemal, many of our sons in Russia - they will avenge us!

        And it was her son who later shot Jemal in Tiflis at the Cheka’s door.
    3. 0
      17 September 2017
      The actions of Kolenka continue the actions of his predecessors ... I already noted once: of the Russian tsars only Ivan the Terrible did not deceive us ... It can be recalled how Peter provoked us into rebellion in 1721 and did not help ... Words of Lobanov-Rostovsky "... we need Armenia without Armenians" fully explain the inaction of H2.
      1. +3
        18 September 2017
        Write nonsense. At the moment, Armenia is without Russians. This is the result of the "centuries-old friendship of Armenians and Russians," but a third, or even more Armenians live in the most favorable Russian regions for life (Krasnodar, Stavropol Krai, Rostovs
        Kaya Obl., Moscow, etc.) Not in Siberia, nor in the "wild steppes of Transbaikalia."). Why so? And why, one wonders, should Russia support Armenian nationalists in Nagorno-Karabakh against Azerbaijanis. Does Russia have anything to do with this? And nothing but the accusations of Armenians and Azerbaijanis that she does little to establish peace (that is, she does not openly support them, but calls on them to find a peaceful solution to their problems.) And what kind of peace can there be if and both of them strive to cling to each other’s throats? In my opinion, Russia should not interfere in this mutual enmity at all. And let them figure out their relationship themselves. If they want to fight, let them fight. But themselves. Without Russian participation. And who win, Russia doesn’t care.
        1. 0
          18 September 2017
          Well, Russia is always to blame for the Armenians ... And the fact that Dashnaktsutyun fought against Russia with all his might, the Russian Army fought with Turkey for 4 years and created the Armenian Corps, they have completely forgotten.
          1. 0
            18 September 2017
            Well, Russia is responsible for what the Turks did with the Armenians. all the same, it was they who raised them behind enemy lines, which however any country would have done.
            Interestingly, hundreds of thousands of Armenians fought in the Ottoman army. naturally, it seems until 1916, when the Ottoman forces on the Caucasian front in the rear, Armenian partisans hit the rear.
            also in the Ottoman Empire, the main part of the business elite were Armenians and Greeks. all this until the first world course.
            history must be objective. Dashnaks were against the Soviets and even wanted to cooperate with the Turks against them.
            1. 0
              18 September 2017
              It is necessary to read not only Turkish sources.
              The Dashnaks of RI, TI and Persia at the congress decided not to act as a united front, but to submit to the respective governments.
              The very idea of ​​genocide arose from the Jewish authorities of TI after the Germans invited them (in Bucharest) to organize the resettlement of Armenians to service the railway to Baghdad. And Dönme has already gone wild. At first, they drafted men into the army, but to the construction units so that they did not have weapons, and they were easily destroyed there. So there was no army of them until 1916. By the way, in the 14th it was the Armenians who saved Enver from Russian captivity.
              _____
              If the Russians do not pursue their interests in the distance, then it turns out, as Durnovo warned, that the British are raising the Dashnaks and Bakhtiyar to revolt, and these so-called "revolution" in Persia.
              ____
              Do you have a lot of Armenians settled? So these are the plans of the Schneersons to destroy the national in Armenia and Georgia. No Armenia, no !!! Zionists do everything right for themselves.
              ____
              600 years ago, Armenians accounted for almost a quarter of the population of Poland, and very significant. The richest merchants in the army (noted both in Grunwald and near Vienna at Sabiecki). But after the military losses in our formations, the Poles began to assimilate ours by force ...
              So you will have it in 2 generations, they will become completely clear ...
  7. +2
    17 September 2017
    Quote: Bakhshiyan Rachik
    Turkey for the Turks that says it all

    Every time someone says "only for" there begins genocide. Whether we want it or not, we cannot practically find mono-ethnic states now and it did not start today or yesterday: everywhere there are national or religious minorities
    1. +2
      17 September 2017
      everywhere there are national or religious minorities
      and politicians use them in their interests, carrying out all sorts of bad manipulations ........
    2. +2
      17 September 2017
      Quote: Monarchist
      Whether we want it or not, mono-ethnic states can hardly be found now

      There are two exceptions to well-known large countries - this is Japan and Poland. The latter is generally "beauty." The Poles quietly solved the Jewish question, both German and Ukrainian. Now Poland is almost 100% mono-ethnic and mono-religious state. The Poles are now immune from religious and ethnic conflicts. And all offended by themselves. belay
    3. +1
      18 September 2017
      Quote: Monarchist
      Whether we want it or not, mono-ethnic states can hardly be found now

      Poland, Armenia, Japan - countries in which representatives of other nations are miserable - typical fascist states that have destroyed representatives of other nations.
      1. +1
        18 September 2017
        Sit down, two!
        Unfortunately, other people were not destroyed here, but they were allowed to leave quietly.
  8. +1
    18 September 2017
    Quote: ALEXEY VLADIMIROVICH
    . [The Moscow Treaty (tour: Moskova Anlaşması) is a “treaty of friendship and brotherhood”, signed on March 16, 1921 in Moscow by representatives of the government of the Turkish Grand National Assembly and the government of the RSFSR. [/ i]

    The agreement of March 16 ... this does not mean that it was signed on March 16. Signed retroactively.
  9. 0
    19 September 2017
    1. All the same, 400 thousand evacuations from half a million are 80%. In other words, Ataturk did not beat the desire to destroy them.
    2. From Anatolia, 500 thousand Greeks and Armenians evacuated, and less than 2-3% of the total population of Anatolia. What did the Greek army do if the Greeks are such an insignificant minority.
    3. How did the Greek army relate to the Turkish minority in the territory occupied by it, and even more importantly what beat the behavior of the Greek minority to their state (they are Turkish citizens all the same and not Greece). Before the Greek occupation, no one wanted them.
    Only partial truth cannot be shown because it is no longer history, but propaganda of ethnic or religious hatred.
    1. 0
      19 September 2017
      1. did not try hard
      2. 12,5 million people lived in Anatolia before the war, of which about 2 million Armenians, 2,5 million Greeks, 800 thousand Assyrians and 1,5 million Kurds. So the Greeks made up about 20% of the population of Anatolia. and the Turks themselves, about 50% of the population of Anatolia and about 27% of the population of the empire.

"Right Sector" (banned in Russia), "Ukrainian Insurgent Army" (UPA) (banned in Russia), ISIS (banned in Russia), "Jabhat Fatah al-Sham" formerly "Jabhat al-Nusra" (banned in Russia) , Taliban (banned in Russia), Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia), Anti-Corruption Foundation (banned in Russia), Navalny Headquarters (banned in Russia), Facebook (banned in Russia), Instagram (banned in Russia), Meta (banned in Russia), Misanthropic Division (banned in Russia), Azov (banned in Russia), Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia), Aum Shinrikyo (banned in Russia), AUE (banned in Russia), UNA-UNSO (banned in Russia), Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (banned in Russia), Legion “Freedom of Russia” (armed formation, recognized as terrorist in the Russian Federation and banned)

“Non-profit organizations, unregistered public associations or individuals performing the functions of a foreign agent,” as well as media outlets performing the functions of a foreign agent: “Medusa”; "Voice of America"; "Realities"; "Present time"; "Radio Freedom"; Ponomarev; Savitskaya; Markelov; Kamalyagin; Apakhonchich; Makarevich; Dud; Gordon; Zhdanov; Medvedev; Fedorov; "Owl"; "Alliance of Doctors"; "RKK" "Levada Center"; "Memorial"; "Voice"; "Person and law"; "Rain"; "Mediazone"; "Deutsche Welle"; QMS "Caucasian Knot"; "Insider"; "New Newspaper"