Military Review

Feat Zinoviy Kolobanova. Hero did not give the Golden Star

63
During the Great Patriotic War, many Soviet people demonstrated the highest courage and bravery, fighting the Nazi invaders. For feats committed during the Great Patriotic War, 11 thousands of 657 people (of whom 3051 posthumously) were awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union. However, there are "forgotten" heroes. People whose front-line path, it seemed, could only lead them to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, did not receive a high award. No, the people have not forgotten about their exploits, but for some reason the powers that be considered that they should not be given the title Hero of the Soviet Union (and then Hero of Russia). So did not become the Hero of the Soviet Union, Senior Lieutenant Alexei Berest, who took the most direct part in hoisting the Red Banner on the Berlin Reichstag. Another real hero, who was undeservedly bypassed the reward - Zinoviy Kolobanov.


It is about him the poet Alexander Gitovich will then write:

Enemies are mobbed
Iron idols,
But takes the fight
Zinovy ​​Kolobanov.

Feat Zinoviy Kolobanova. Hero did not give the Golden Star


On August 8, 1941, Army Group North began an attack on the city of Leningrad. The units and formations of the Red Army that defended Soviet territory from the aggressor, despite the dedication of the personnel, were retreating. In the area of ​​Krasnogvardeisk, as Gatchina was then called, the defense was held by the soldiers of the 1st tank divisions under the command of Major General Viktor Ilyich Baranov. They had to restrain the onslaught of a stubbornly advancing and superior enemy. On August 19, 1941, Major General Viktor Baranov ordered the blocking of the three roads leading to Krasnogvardeisk from Luga, Volosov, and Kingisepp. This task was entrusted to the 3rd Panzer Company of the 1st Panzer Regiment of the 1st Panzer Division, commanded by Senior Lieutenant Zinovy ​​Kolobanov. Armed with the 3rd tank company, which was commanded by Kolobanov, were heavy tanks KV-1, which could quite resist the Wehrmacht tanks. But armament is armament, but about the identity of the company commander, whose feat forever entered history Great Patriotic War, it is worth to say special. By the time the Great Patriotic War began, he was already an experienced officer who had gone through the Soviet-Finnish war.

Zinoviy Grigorievich Kolobanov was born on December 25 on 1910 in the Vladimir province in the village of Arefino, Murom district (now it is the territory of the Nizhny Novgorod region). Father Zinovia Gregory died during the Civil War. Mother raised three children alone, then moved to the village of Big Zagarino. The beginning of Zinoviy Kolobanov’s life journey was quite common for a rural guy of that time. He graduated from eight classes of secondary school and went to study at the Gorky Industrial Technical School. At that time, Stalin’s industrialization was in full swing and the country needed skilled workers and engineering personnel, therefore such professions were always prestigious and in demand.

16 February 1933, the 22-year-old Kolobanov, who studied in the third year of the technical school, was drafted into the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army. As a literate guy, he was sent to the regimental school of the 49 Infantry Regiment of the 70 Infantry Division, and then to the Orlovsky Armored School named after MV Frunze. So Zinovy ​​Kolobanov became a personnel soldier. In May 1936, he graduated from the military school with the rank of lieutenant, with honors, and began serving as tank commander in the 3-th separate tank battalion of the 2-th tank brigade of the Leningrad Military District. In 1938, Mr. Kolobanov graduated from the Advanced Training Courses for commanders and then served as Assistant Commander of Ammunition in the 210 Rifle Regiment of the 70 Rifle Division. Then, from July 31 1938 to November 16 1938, Mr. Zinovy ​​Kolobanov served as a platoon commander of the 6-th separate tank brigade, and then was appointed commander of a tank company in the same brigade. 25 November 1939 of the year Kolobanov was transferred by the commander of a tank company to the 1 th light tank brigade, which was deployed on the Karelian Isthmus. The Soviet-Finnish war was approaching, and the formations of the Leningrad Military District were to play a very important role in it.

The commander of a tank company, Zinoviy Kolobanov, did not simply participate in the war. He passed from the border with Finland to Vyborg, burned three times in the tank, being close to death. After the end of the war, 17 March 1940, Lieutenant Kolobanova was appointed assistant commander of the 52 company of a tank reserve in the combat unit of the 1 light tank brigade, and then transferred to the Kiev military district. At first he was at the position of deputy commander of a tank company of the 90 th tank regiment, then he was appointed commander of a tank company of the 36 th separate training tank battalion of the 14 th light tank brigade. September 6 1940 was awarded the rank of lieutenant. For some time Kolobanov held the position of senior adjutant (chief of staff) of the battalion of the 97-th tank regiment, and then in the same regiment he was appointed commander of a tank company of the battalion of heavy tanks. However, this company did not receive tanks for armament.

When the Great Patriotic War began, Senior Lieutenant Kolobanov was transferred to the 1 Tank Division as a commander of a heavy tank company KV-1. Zinovy ​​Kolobanov himself recalled that he was called up to the division from the reserve and, taking into account the experience of the Soviet-Finnish war, he was immediately appointed the company commander. 14 August 1941, Zinoviy Kolobanov participated in the battle near the village of Ivanovsky on the Luga River. His crew destroyed the enemy’s tank and artillery. However, the most important battle in the life of Zinoviy Grigorievich was still ahead.



The crew of the KV-1 tank, in addition to the tank commander (and the company commander), senior lieutenant Zinovyy Kolobanov, included the tank gun commander, senior sergeant Andrei Mikhailovich Usov, senior engineer-driver sergeant Nikolai Ivanovich Nikiforov, junior mechanic-driver, Red Army Nikolai Fectuktktoctkchektoktoctkchektektoctktectktektektocttektekkmettektoctkttektoktoctkttekktoctktektoktoctkttekktoctkttektoctkttektoctkomektektoctkttekktoctkttektoktoctkttektoktoctkttektoktoctkttekktoctkttektoktoctkttektoktoktoctktecttektekkmettektoktoctkt, were the commander of the tank gun, senior sergeant Nikolai Feodoktektov, senior mechanic-driver foreman Nikolai Nikiforov; radio operator senior sergeant Pavel Ivanovich Kiselkov. 19 August 1941, Senior Lieutenant Kolobanov, was personally summoned by the division commander, Major General Baranov, who gave the order to block the roads to Krasnogvardeisk. After that, a company of five KV-1 tanks under the command of Kolobanov moved to the designated positions.

Two tanks from the Kolobanov company were sent by the commander to the road from the direction of Luga, two tanks - to the Kingisepp direction. The commander’s tank of the company took up a position on the coastal road, which allowed controlling at once two directions of possible movements of enemy tanks.

On the Luga direction 20 of August, the crews of tanks lieutenant M.I. Evdokimenko and junior lieutenant I.A. Degtyarya entered into battle with the avant-garde German tank column and destroyed five tanks and three armored personnel carriers. Kolobanov missed the Nazis on motorcycles that drove along the road in the direction of the Voskovitsa state farm, since his task was to block the movement of the enemy’s tank column. Finally, the German light tanks of the 6 Tank Division also appeared (although there are other versions - that the tanks belonged to either the 1 th or 8 th Panzer Division). After waiting, Kolobanov gave the order to open fire. The very first shots were hit by three head tanks of the German column, which stood up, blocking the way for the rest of the tanks. Then the Soviet tank hit the tail, and then the center of the German column. Accurate hits were made possible by the actions of Senior Sergeant Andrei Usov (in the photo he is in uniform of a lieutenant, because then he rose to this rank) - an experienced artilleryman who fought in the Soviet-Polish and Soviet-Finnish wars and served previously as assistant platoon commander in artillery. regiment, and then trained by the commander of a heavy tank gun.


After the shots of Usov, panic began in the enemy convoy. Considering that the road passed through a swampy field, the tanks that had pulled onto the side of the road fell into the swamp, where they got stuck. In the ignited tanks exploded ammunition. Within thirty minutes of the battle, Kolobanov’s tank was able to knock out all the enemy's 22 tanks, using up 98 armor-piercing shells. The 114 of German shells hit the Soviet tank itself, but its armor really seemed strong. All in all, a company under the command of Kolobanova has lined 43 enemy tanks - 22 tank on account of the crew of Lieutenant Kolobanova, 8 tanks - on account of the crew of the second lieutenant Sergeeva, 5 tanks knocked out the crew of Lieutenant Evdokimenko, 4 tank - the crew of the second lieutenant Degtyar and even 4 tank - The crew of Lieutenant Lastochkina. Already after the battle, the company’s tank crews destroyed the enemy’s artillery battery, one passenger car, and about two infantry companies. Such a battle did not yet know the history of the Soviet and even world tank forces.

It would seem that the incredible victory of the tankers over the Nazis in the battle on August 20, 1941 practically guaranteed Senior Lieutenant Kolobanov the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Indeed, already in September 1941, Colonel Dmitry Pogodin, who commanded the 1st Tank Regiment of the 1st Tank Division, presented all the crew members of the tank of Senior Lieutenant Zinovy ​​Kolobanov to the rank of Hero of the Soviet Union. Dmitry Pogodin, a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Byelorussian SSR and a veteran of the Spanish Civil War, was himself the first tanker to receive the title of Hero of the Soviet Union on December 31, 1936 - for his valor and courage shown in battles in Spain. As a real military commander, he perfectly understood the cost of Kolobanov's feat. The submission was also signed by the division commander, Major General Viktor Baranov, who by that time was also a Hero of the Soviet Union himself, having received a high award for battles with Finnish troops during the Soviet-Finnish war. But neither senior Kolobanov nor other members of his combat crew managed to become a Hero of the Soviet Union. At the headquarters of the Leningrad Front, the idea of ​​giving Kolobanov and his fighters the high ranks of Heroes of the Soviet Union was “hacked to death”. The commander of the crew and the company of senior lieutenant Kolobanov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, the commander of the gun senior sergeant Usov was awarded the Order of Lenin, the senior driver-mechanic foreman Nikiforov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, the gunner-radio operator senior sergeant Kiselkov and the junior driver-mechanic received the Red Army order Rodnikov Krasny ...

Like other Soviet soldiers who accomplished real feats, but for some reason did not go through the “filter” of the staff officers and deputy politicians, Zinovy ​​Kolobanov continued to fight. He defended the approaches to Krasnogvardeysk, but on September 15 1941 was seriously wounded in the defense of the city of Pushkin, receiving a fragmentation of the head and spine and contusion of the brain and spinal cord. He spent almost the entire war in hospitals in Sverdlovsk - the injuries were too serious. Despite this, on May 31 of the year 1942, Kolobanov was given the rank of captain, and in March of the year 1945, after signing out, he immediately asked to join the army. 10 July 1945, after the end of the war, Kolobanov was appointed deputy commander of the 69 tank battalion of the 14 mechanized regiment of the 12 mechanized division of the 5 guards tank army in the Baranovichi military district.

After the war, Kolobanov served thirteen more years in the Soviet Army. In 1951-1955 He served in the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany in the following positions: commander of a tank battalion of self-propelled artillery installations 70 of a heavy tank self-propelled regiment of 9 tank division of 1 of the Guards Mechanized Army — from 1951 to 1954, followed by 55 to I commander of a mechanized army — 55 through 7. battalion of the 3 th tank regiment of the 1954 th Guards Tank Division of the 1955 th mechanized army - from 1952 to 10. In 12, Kolobanov received the military rank of lieutenant colonel. However, another sad event happened that immediately cast a shadow on the heroic battalion commander. A soldier from his battalion deserted and fled to the British zone of occupation. This was enough for a serious blow to the career of the heroic front-line soldier. Lieutenant Colonel Kolobanov was transferred to the Belarussian Military District as deputy commander of the tank-self-propelled battalion of the 148 th mechanized regiment of the 50 th mechanized division, and then deputy commander of the tank battalion of the 28 th guards motorized rifle regiment of the 1958 guard and the White Righteous Rifle Regiment of the Rifle Regiment of the 1994 Motorized Rifle Regiment of the 84 Mechanized Division; In XNUMX, Zinovy ​​Grigorievich Kolobanov was fired. He worked for a long time at the Minsk Automobile Plant as an OTK master and an OTK controller, lived a long life and died in XNUMX in the XNUMX year of life.

It turns out that the amazing feat of Kolobanov’s crew was never appreciated. Even years later, the authorities did not agree to assign the title Hero of the Soviet Union, albeit belatedly, to the legendary tank man. The authorities of post-Soviet Russia also refused to do this. When the St. Petersburg branch of the Russian Military Historical Society (RVIO) collected more than 100 thousands of signatures in support of assigning Kolobanov the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, it was still denied. And it is not even surprising. For example, the same story happened with Alexei Berest. However, in the eyes of the people, both Zinovy ​​Kolobanov, and his colleagues on the crew of the tank, and Alexei Berest, and other front-line soldiers who have accomplished many feats, still remain true Heroes with a capital letter, regardless of the opinion of the officials.
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  1. Amurets
    Amurets 25 August 2017 06: 30
    +9
    However, in the eyes of the people, Zinoviy Kolobanov, and his tank crewmates, and Alexey Berest, and other front-line soldiers who have made many feats, still remain genuine Heroes with a capital letter, regardless of the opinion of officials.
    Also, Transbaikal residents could not achieve that the feat of their fellow countryman Semyon Danilovich Nomokonov was appreciated.
    "Soviet sniper. During the Great Patriotic War, destroyed 360 German soldiers and officers, including one major general. During the Soviet-Japanese war, destroyed 8 soldiers and officers of the Kwantung Army. The total confirmed account of 368 enemy soldiers and officers. Weapon S. D. Nomokonov during the war - Mosin’s three-line rifle. "
    I first read about it in childhood, in the book "Sniper Tube".
    1. Sling cutter
      Sling cutter 25 August 2017 07: 02
      +12
      Dear Colleague! hi
      In the first months of the war, when the Red Army retreated on all fronts, rewards even for obvious heroism were often not awarded. You can easily track the number of people awarded in the first period of the war and after the turn.
      I think the thought was this, the army is retreating to Moscow, Leningrad is almost in blockade, and here are the Heroes.
      In principle, this is not my thesis, but my cousin Grandfather, who was an attack pilot throughout the war, starting in July 1941!
      I still can’t understand how he survived ...

      And regarding Semen Danilovich Nomokonov I agree with you (I also read about him).
      Apparently the guy was with character.
      1. knn54
        knn54 25 August 2017 13: 54
        +4
        He did not receive the hero Kolobanov for ONE reason, for fraternizing with the Finns (after the signing of the armistice in 1940), and the bureaucrats at headquarters and the political leaders have a good memory ...
        1. stalkerwalker
          stalkerwalker 25 August 2017 16: 35
          +10
          Quote: knn54
          He did not receive the hero Kolobanov for ONE reason, for fraternizing with the Finns (after the signing of the armistice in 1940), and the bureaucrats at headquarters and the political leaders have a good memory ...

          M. Baryatinsky described this episode as follows:
          ... This brigade was one of the first to reach the Mannerheim line, and the Kolobanov company was on the cutting edge. It was then that Kolobanov burned for the first time in a tank. In the battle near Lake Vuoksa, he again pulled forward with his company, and again had to escape from the burning T-28. The third time it burned during a raid on Vyborg. Then Zinov Grigorievich was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Only the award did not have time to present. On the night of 12 on 13 on March 1940, a peace treaty was signed between the USSR and Finland. Learning about this, the soldiers of two previously opposing armies rushed to meet each other for "fraternization". Not all commanders and political workers were able to keep their fighters from this step. The bosses were severely punished. Among them was Kolobanov. Arrest, tribunal, camp followed. They recalled Kolobanov when German troops were approaching Leningrad in the summer of 1941. The army lacked qualified personnel. Then many experienced military leaders and commanders were released from the Gulag camps. Got on the list of pardoned and Zinovy ​​Ko lobanov. He was reinstated in the officer rank, but with a lower rank. In fact, from the conclusion, having spent nothing on retraining, he arrived at the 1-th Panzer Division of the Leningrad Military District ....

          Tank aces of World War II.
          1. stalkerwalker
            stalkerwalker 25 August 2017 16: 49
            +4
            Quote: From the article
            ... Within thirty minutes of the battle, Kolobanov’s tank was able to knock out all of the enemy’s 22 tanks, having consumed 98 armor-piercing shells. 114 German shells hit the Soviet tank itself, but its armor really seemed strong ...

            M. Baryatinsky has other data:
            ... during the battle, more than an hour, Usov fired at the enemy 98 shells. After the battle in KV Kolobanov, they counted 156 dents from armor-piercing shells ...
            To release 98 shells in half an hour from the L-11 tank gun was on the verge of fantasy - jamming the shutter is inevitable. And it is not said that the shells were armor-piercing - with armor-piercing in the Red Army there were problems with the release. And Czech Pz / 38 (t) at a distance of 150-200 m and high-explosive fragmentation took ....
          2. super.ufu
            super.ufu 25 August 2017 19: 12
            +6
            Z.G. During the Finnish campaign, Kolobanov served in the 1st Light Tank Brigade and could not be in the vicinity of Vyborg in March 1940. Accordingly, he fought not on the T-28 and fraternizing with the Finns as well as expelling from the army is most likely a myth. When writing the book “Tanks in the Winter War” and studying combat documents of the 20th Heavy Tank Brigade, the responsible historian Bair Irincheev never once met the name Kolobanov. That's it...
          3. super.ufu
            super.ufu 25 August 2017 19: 36
            +3
            Quote: stalkerwalker
            Arrest, tribunal, camp followed. They recalled Kolobanov when German troops in the summer of 1941 were already approaching Leningrad. The army lacked qualified personnel. Then many experienced military leaders and commanders were released from the Gulag camps.

            on the basis of the memorial (Database of personal files of the repressed.) no Zinoviy Kolobanov is not convicted.
            in the award, and other available documents there is not a word about the criminal record (which is strange)
        2. super.ufu
          super.ufu 25 August 2017 18: 54
          +2
          fraternization facts and punishment Nowhere, in any document is not reflected, as well as 22 wrecked tanks /
          1. stalkerwalker
            stalkerwalker 25 August 2017 19: 40
            +4
            Quote: super.ufu
            the facts of fraternization and punishment are not reflected anywhere, in any document, as well as 22 wrecked tanks /

            It is extremely interesting. Even doubly .... belay
            Is there a overthrow of historiographers?
            recourse
            1. super.ufu
              super.ufu 25 August 2017 19: 42
              +1
              whom balabol Baryatinsky? gygyg, he is not a "historiographer" for a long time
              1. stalkerwalker
                stalkerwalker 25 August 2017 19: 43
                +4
                Quote: super.ufu
                whom balabol Baryatinsky? gygyg, he is not a "historiographer" for a long time

                Yoshkin cat ...
                And now - Shirokorada there too? wassat
          2. midshipman
            midshipman 25 August 2017 19: 46
            +3
            Under Gatchina, a monument was erected in honor of the feat of the company Kolobanov. Only a tank is installed on the monument. And there is an inscription. Come and check out.
            1. super.ufu
              super.ufu 25 August 2017 20: 00
              +1
              Quote: midshipman
              And there is an inscription. .

              and what is there on the inscription? the words "I lost 43 tanks. Your Gepner"?
    2. Fei_Wong
      Fei_Wong 25 August 2017 17: 05
      +2
      Senior Lieutenant Alexei Berest, who was directly involved in the hoisting of the Red Banner on the Berlin Reichstag, did not become a Hero of the Soviet Union.

      How much can you drip on the brains of VO readers about this liar ??? He did NOT TAKE any DIRECT participation. He simply clung to the "Sorokins." And all his "exploits" are bullshit. If only because the banner over the Reichstag was raised by Grigory Bulatov (and Yegorov and Kantaria later set up a STANDING banner, OUTSIDE the battle). Which already proves that all of his rambo adventures (and supposedly he heroically covered Yegorov with Kantaria) - a lie on a lie.
      And it’s very good that he did not become a Hero. Giving Heroes for arrogant, shameless lies - somehow it will be bold.
  2. LeonidL
    LeonidL 25 August 2017 06: 44
    +16
    The same story with the oldest colonel of the Soviet and Russian armies, the father of all GRU spy commandos, Starinov. He was introduced to the Hero four times! Starting from the 41st, he was in general posts ... but he never received a Hero or general’s lompas. His most high-profile cases are the destruction of the headquarters of the Italian division in Spain and the demolition of the German headquarters, led by a general radio mine in Kharkov at the signal from Voronezh. And how much more he has done - not to list!
  3. Pravodel
    Pravodel 25 August 2017 06: 45
    +12
    To the President of Russia V.V. Putin needs to restore justice and deservedly assign G. Kolobanov the title of Hero of Russia, even if many years after the feat he accomplished. The name of G. Kolobanov is as significant for the tankmen as the name of A. Marinesko for military sailors, who in 1990 was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union - justice was restored.
    It is necessary to fight for conferring the title of Hero of Russia to G. Kolobanov.

    "People-State-Fatherland" - this is the slogan of every Russian patriot. A united people, a strong state, capable of protecting itself from external and internal enemies, create conditions for the prosperity of the Fatherland.
    1. Lex.
      Lex. 25 August 2017 07: 18
      +3
      Probably hundreds who did not receive this title who are no longer alive, what would they say?
      1. Cat
        Cat 25 August 2017 09: 15
        +4
        Let it go !!!
        After three-quarters of a century, we do not know the whole truth, all the exploits, all ....... It’s just that time is running and eyewitnesses of that war are leaving.
        In this connection, the heroic deed must find its recognition, let it be after so many years!
      2. Warrior with machine gun
        Warrior with machine gun 25 August 2017 14: 41
        +9
        God with them ranks, people will never forget their real heroes.
  4. Hoc vince
    Hoc vince 25 August 2017 06: 49
    +6
    That war, and this is our time.
    "1999 year. Internal troops. Company of the Don division of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs. The guys serve in the Chechen Republic during the anti-terrorist operation. Under Small Bamut, a company runs into a detachment of militants and a clash ensues. In this company, our current hero Chernyshov Alexander Vladimirovich is from Kuban. He is a sniper. He does what an officer of the internal troops should do, in fact, takes the vanguard ahead, removes several fighters, I remind you that he is a sniper, and most importantly, he manages to figure out the leader of the gang and eliminate the leader of the gang. As a result, our soldiers go on the offensive. Most of the gang destroyed, the rest taken prisoner. The very fact that the sniper Alexander Chernyshov destroyed the leader of this gang allowed without loss - not a single member of the internal troops was killed or injured - to prevail in a short battle. "
    The first thing the command does is, of course, documents are being prepared upon return, and Chernyshov Alexander Vladimirovich is presented to the title of Hero of the Russian Federation, which is quite fair to himself.
    In the company is a mechanic armored personnel carrier by the name of Chernyshev Alexander V.. Let me remind you, our hero is Alexander Chernyshov V.. During the clash near Bamut, which I just told you about, the second Chernyshev, with a different patronymic, was about 100 kilometers from that clash. He was not there at all, Alexander Chernyshov was 100 kilometers from the clash, which is documented.
    The typist prints patronymic Viktorovich, not Vladimirovich and describes the feat (award sheet) of Alexander Vladimirovich Chernyshov, but they give the title of hero to Viktorovich, I repeat, which was 100 km away.
    Fellow heroes are trying to achieve justice. Since 2000, and things are still there.
    The hero himself, Alexander, did not write a single appeal, he modestly accepted his fate and does not require anything from the state. His colleagues demand that to this day they cannot calm down and cannot reconcile themselves.
    In December 2009, military officials acted "easier"; they presented the Order of Courage to Alexander Chernyshov, with the words "Sorry, Sasha."
    1. Sling cutter
      Sling cutter 25 August 2017 07: 14
      +8
      Quote: Hoc vince
      The hero himself, Alexander, did not write a single appeal, he modestly accepted his fate and does not require anything from the state.

      So Zinoviy Kolobanov did not ask for anything!
      In real war veterans, vanity is rarely met and is still encountered. Typically, these people are modest.
      But then we understand that both of these soldiers are HEROES! soldier
      1. Hoc vince
        Hoc vince 25 August 2017 07: 17
        +2
        I agree. Heroes
    2. Okolotochny
      Okolotochny 25 August 2017 08: 49
      +7
      There was a report on TV for this "case."
  5. midshipman
    midshipman 25 August 2017 06: 52
    +12
    Dear Ilya, a few years ago I published an article in "VO" "Stand to the death, but survive." Such an order was received by Starley Z.G. Kolobanov from the commander Baranov. The battle took place under the village of Moloskovitsy near Gatchina. I then asked why Kolobanov was not awarded the title of Hero. We agreed on that. After the end of the Finnish war, the soldiers of commander Z.G. Kolobanov arranged fraternization with the Finns. He was not forgiven for this and was fired from the Army. But in 1941 they again called up in the old rank. Feat of the company Z.G. Kolobanov allowed to delay the blockade of Leningrad for 10 days. And bring tens of thousands of residents to the rear from the city.
    My father is major. He created heavy railway artillery in Leningrad. He died on December 27, 1941. and also was not awarded. Then there was no time for this. It was necessary to survive. I have the honor.
  6. igordok
    igordok 25 August 2017 07: 12
    +5
    Photos are preferably signed. The first and third photo - Andrei Usov. The first photo often passes as "Putin's double."
    After the war, Andrei Usov returned to his native Tolochin, worked as the director of the Tolochin oil depot. He died in the 1986 year, is buried in Tolochin. It is known that on August 20 of 1941, Andrei Mikhailovich Usov, as a gunner in the crew of the KV-1 heavy tank, senior lieutenant Zinovy ​​Kolobanov, in one battle personally shot down the 22 of a German tank with sniper fire from a tank gun. It is believed that with this attack, the tankers delayed the attack on Leningrad for two weeks. During this episode he was introduced to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. True, the tanker was awarded only the Order of Lenin.


    Before the war, 1TD was part of the 1MK, located in the Vladimir Camps under the Red Strugs. 17 June 1941 years 1-I Panzer Division was expelled from the 1 MK and sent by echelons to Karelia.
    1. Okolotochny
      Okolotochny 25 August 2017 08: 49
      +6
      I also thought about the GDP looking at the first photo.
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 25 August 2017 07: 18
    +3
    It would seem that the incredible victory of the tankers over the Nazis in the battle on August 20, 1941, practically guaranteed senior lieutenant Kolobanov the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
    ... The medal "For Courage" in 1941 was not awarded to everyone ...
    1. Barkun
      Barkun 25 August 2017 10: 25
      +3
      "Courage" is therefore valuable and rare, relatively. The status was given for a real feat: a wrecked tank, a captured machine gun, etc. And at 41 who will document?
      1. Looking for
        Looking for 25 August 2017 17: 31
        0
        Why are you writing this, here, that the children have gathered? Anyone without you will be able to get acquainted with the status of the medal-millions !!! sources.
  8. Concern
    Concern 25 August 2017 07: 58
    +1
    And in the first photo, is not our current president?
    1. Aposlya
      Aposlya 25 August 2017 08: 09
      0
      Putin then turns out to be Scottish blood! Even during the Second World War, he controlled tanks! wassat
  9. Kenxnumx
    Kenxnumx 25 August 2017 08: 37
    +1
    It seemed to me not one that Putin was pictured.
    1. Okolotochny
      Okolotochny 25 August 2017 08: 50
      +8
      "We lie with this name and get up with this name." laughing
  10. Barkun
    Barkun 25 August 2017 08: 41
    +1
    Kolobanov to the "Hero" was presented three times. The first time for the Finnish (Nakosyachil: allowed fraternization of his fighters with Finns. During fraternization, one Arkharist lost his personal weapon. The result for Kolobanov was his dismissal from the army and an article). The second time in the battle described (The reasons for the refusal are not clear. They usually say that they were hacked because of unreliability. Just served). The third time after the war, during his service in Germany, “as a whole” (Again he screwed up: one of his soldiers ran to the allies. Kolobanov was transferred to serve in Belarus with a lowering). So everything is logical with him, just.
  11. Kenxnumx
    Kenxnumx 25 August 2017 08: 58
    0
    Interestingly, German documents confirm this. There is even no certainty which German units belonged to the tanks and what kind of tanks they were.
    1. faiver
      faiver 25 August 2017 09: 37
      +1
      this question has been floating for many years, I read that a cameraman came to the place of this battle and photographed the convoy destroyed by Kolobanov, but the film was lost
      Kolobanov himself claimed that there were t-3 and t-4 tanks in the convoy, in which case they could not be the tanks of the 6 tank division of the Wehrmacht - it was fully equipped with Czech tanks, it follows that Kolobanov fought either with 1 or 8 tanks Wehrmacht divisions
      1. super.ufu
        super.ufu 25 August 2017 18: 57
        0
        there it is already clear that 100% 1 td
        1. faiver
          faiver 25 August 2017 19: 08
          0
          in 8th td there was a mixed composition of both Czechs and Germans
          1. super.ufu
            super.ufu 25 August 2017 19: 25
            0
            and in the third and fourth only Germans, it happens ... but it has nothing to do with the matter. Kolobanov faced 3 TD
    2. super.ufu
      super.ufu 25 August 2017 18: 55
      0
      Quote: Ken71
      Interestingly, German documents confirm this. There is even no certainty which German units belonged to the tanks and what kind of tanks they were.

      none, 22 is an application, and any application contains% pi
      1. faiver
        faiver 25 August 2017 19: 12
        +1
        well, so 22 is only Kolobanov’s crew, and the whole company of five tanks in total for the 43 tank day apart from everything else, and in my opinion they lost one tank ...
        1. super.ufu
          super.ufu 25 August 2017 19: 23
          0
          once again, these are applications, practice shows that they are never accurate, if they do not frankly lie.
          if briefly, the Battle at the intersection was with German units 1 td. How many were knocked out - according to German data is not clear. According to indirect data, 22 cars are not dancing.

          In fact, now there are two options - to believe our documents or to doubt the results of the battle based on German ones. They and our puzzles do not add up to one.
  12. Rostislav
    Rostislav 25 August 2017 10: 23
    +3
    The article is correct, but this is not the first time it has been published.
    There is a question for the editors - maybe it’s worth paying attention to other heroes of the Patriotic War who have never been awarded official awards? Perhaps it makes sense to create a section "Unknown heroes"?
    The audience of VO is large, I am sure that we can name many unknown surnames. And the editors will choose whom to talk about in more detail, and will order an article.
    1. Barkun
      Barkun 25 August 2017 10: 29
      0
      "Hero", after all, is a piece award. It is unlikely that the performance on the “Hero” was lost, rather, in each case, there were reasons for refusing. To dig into this is only a nasty thing to breed.

      And the title itself ... For me, the “Banner" is extremely honorable. For there is something.
    2. BMP-2
      BMP-2 25 August 2017 11: 48
      0
      Water sharpens a stone. You can’t give up your heroes. And the reward - sooner or later, must find them, and it doesn’t matter how many times for this you will have to repeat the story of their feat. yes
      1. creak
        creak 25 August 2017 15: 27
        0
        Quote: BMP-2
        And the reward - sooner or later must find them

        Unfortunately, awards do not always find the most worthy - Admiral Oktyabrsky (the same from Sevastopol) received the Hero after the war, did not decide immediately after it, they did it in 1958 on the anniversary date ...
        But the organizer of the uprising in Sobibor, Pechersky, to put it mildly, was not spoiled by the attention of the authorities during his lifetime - although the GSS deserved it for sure. This is so offhand ....
        PS The decision of the Poles to exclude Russia from participating in the construction of the museum in Sobibor does not, of course, honor them ... But we ourselves in the matter of recognizing the achievements of Pechersky also do not look very healthy, since we are talking about the uprising of Sobibor ..
  13. Barcid
    Barcid 25 August 2017 15: 50
    +19
    Thank you for the article. These people need to be remembered - the titans.
  14. Razvedka_Boem
    Razvedka_Boem 25 August 2017 16: 11
    +3
    To be honest, for the first time about Kolobanov’s exploit, I read in the awards guide in the World of Tanks game .. I played once)
    How many such heroes were .. How many disappeared into obscurity .. As correctly noted in the comments - at 41 there was no time before documenting ..
    Heroism was massive.
  15. aud13
    aud13 25 August 2017 21: 14
    0
    Interestingly, it seemed to me alone that in the first photo, which is near the tank, Kolobanov somehow reminds Putin ....
  16. Olaf Uksimae
    Olaf Uksimae 25 August 2017 23: 06
    +1
    Quote: aud13
    Interestingly, it seemed to me alone that in the first photo, which is near the tank, Kolobanov somehow reminds Putin ....


    Forgive my sinful soul which Kolobanov in the first photo? Read the article, read the comments. In the photo (without personalities), an officer awarded the orders of Lenin, World War II, the Red Star and medals for the defense of Leningrad (presumably) and for the victory over Germany.

    Zinoviy Kolobanov for his feat was awarded the Order of the Battle Red Banner !!!
  17. Olaf Uksimae
    Olaf Uksimae 25 August 2017 23: 18
    0
    Quote: Aposlya
    Putin then turns out to be Scottish blood! Even during the Second World War, he controlled tanks! wassat





    Why only during WWII? He fought in civilian for the happiness of the working people.
  18. WapentakeLokki
    WapentakeLokki 26 August 2017 14: 20
    0
    It seems to me alone that in the photo Kolobanov looks like V.V. Putin is not?
  19. high
    high 27 August 2017 04: 31
    0
    Alas, for example, in Moscow they knew that it was not Gastello who made the feat, but Presaisen, who sent the Aircraft with bombs and fuel to a cluster of enemy tanks, infantry vehicles, and fuel tanks.
    The deputy flew to the place of Presayzen’s death. regiment commander V. Sandalov. Based on his testimony, aerial photography, as well as testimonies of the participants in this battle, a decision was made to draw up a submission on granting Presaisen the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
    The award sheet signed by regiment commander Major Chuchev, regiment chief of staff captain Drobyshev, 12th air division commander Colonel N. Aladinsky and Western Front Air Force commander Lieutenant General Aviation Lieutenant S. Pirogov was sent to Moscow.

    In 1975, Hero of the Soviet Union, Major General V. Sandalov, fully confirmed all the events of those days, reported to him by the division command.
    Gastello’s plane was later found in a swamp where he fell ....
    For many years, friends and fellow soldiers of Presaisen tried unsuccessfully to restore justice, to achieve the rewarding of the hero ....
  20. Graz
    Graz 27 August 2017 07: 35
    0
    if the direct commander of Kolobanov introduced him along with the crew to the rank of heroes, then there was a feat and the whole crew is worthy of this title historical justice must be restored
  21. Sevastiec
    Sevastiec 30 August 2017 06: 48
    0
    When I saw the photo, hiccuped ... myself! )))
    1. vlad77
      vlad77 15 September 2017 15: 49
      0
      but what just can not be, easily))
  22. Bob 57
    Bob 57 4 September 2017 10: 10
    0
    Here are our heroes!
  23. Pravodel
    Pravodel 16 September 2017 13: 42
    0
    Quote: The Truth
    To the President of Russia V.V. Putin needs to restore justice and deservedly assign G. Kolobanov the title of Hero of Russia, even if many years after the feat he accomplished. The name of G. Kolobanov is as significant for the tankmen as the name of A. Marinesko for military sailors, who in 1990 was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union - justice was restored.
    It is necessary to fight for conferring the title of Hero of Russia to G. Kolobanov.

    "People-State-Fatherland" - this is the slogan of every Russian patriot. A united people, a strong state, capable of protecting itself from external and internal enemies, create conditions for the prosperity of the Fatherland.
  24. 201074
    201074 18 September 2017 21: 20
    0
    I have a glitch, or in the first photo Photoshop of the President.
  25. pacific
    pacific 3 February 2018 21: 40
    +1
    В May 1936 years, he graduated from a military school with the rank of lieutenant, with honors, and began serving as a tank commander ... In 1938, Kolobanov graduated from the Advanced Training Courses for command personnel and then served as an assistant commander of ammunition in the 210th Rifle Regiment ..... from July 31 1938 to 16 November 1938 Zinovy ​​Kolobanov served as platoon commander of the 6th separate tank brigade, and then was appointed commander of a tank company in the same team ..... 6 September 1940 years he was awarded the military rank of senior lieutenant.

    Something is wrong here. Peace time. In the Red Army, the number of tank formations increases at an accelerated pace. And more than 4 years to pass in the lieutenant rank - it is necessary to somehow especially "distinguish".

    I am not a tanker and not an expert on charters and regulations on military service in the prewar years. But in the SA in the 80s, the lieutenant went 2 years, in the senior lieutenants - 3 years. Under the condition of normal service and the absence of serious "incidents" including and the "beloved" subordinate personnel. And Kolobanov became the commander of a tank company in the lieutenant rank, in peace (!) Time - I had doubts about the veracity of the author. As far as I know, even a tank platoon was commanded by a senior lieutenant, not to mention a company. What is the author silent about?

    Strongly "white" spots are obtained in the biography of Z.G. Kolobanov. Is there a reason why his heroic battle was never marked by a worthy award?
    1. 1970mk
      1970mk 24 May 2018 10: 24
      0
      In principle, a lieutenant company commander is possible. Due to the lack of command staff. The repressions then mowed down the regular military personnel. It was necessary to command someone, although not by rank.
      1. pacific
        pacific 15 June 2018 07: 34
        0
        Repressions mowed down mainly senior com and watered. Already at the level of the regiment, they were almost nonexistent.
        But even if the substitution of higher posts went, why didn’t they assign the next rank? After all, Kolobanov has already served the due date.
  26. 1970mk
    1970mk 24 May 2018 10: 22
    0
    Tell me, who - trying to find the information didn’t work out - which tanks opposed the KV-1? T1, T-2, T-3, or Czech?