Military Review

Polish politicians have forgotten about the services provided by the Soviet Union

The Soviet Union sent resources to Poland, tearing them away from their economy, saving the Poles from starvation and creating the country's industry from scratch. Experts remind of this, commenting on the next “historical»Initiative of Polish politicians. In the diet they are discussing the recovery of “trillions of zlotys” - reparations for certain “crimes” of the USSR.

Polish politicians have forgotten about the services provided by the Soviet Union

The deputies of the Polish Sejm from the ruling party "Law and Justice" decided to demand payment of "war reparations" from Russia. Deputy Stanislav Penta said that Moscow must pay "trillions of zlotys" for the "crimes" of the USSR. He did not name the exact amount, because it is necessary “to estimate losses and possible claims”. Pento was supported by her colleague Malgorzata Goshchevska, who claims that the “Russians” allegedly “plundered industry, works of art”.

Earlier, the Polish Foreign Ministry began to consider the question of the requirement of reparations from Germany, which should compensate for material damage for crimes against the Polish people.

In July, the leader of the Law and Justice Party, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, stated that Poland did not receive compensation from Germany for the military damage caused during World War II. And the Minister of National Defense Anthony Macherevich pointed out that from the point of view of the law, Germany should pay reparations to Poland.

“It is not true that the Polish state abandoned the German war reparations due to it. This is a Soviet colony, called the Polish People's Republic, refused part of the reparations related to the puppet state called the German Democratic Republic, too, ”said the minister.

Poland takes its cue from the Baltics

Poland is not the first country to admit to wanting to get money from Russia for alleged crimes committed by the USSR. This issue is actively being discussed in the Baltic countries, where their presence in the USSR is called “occupation” and they consider it fair to receive compensation. At the same time, countries prefer not to notice the volume of USSR investments in the development of the economies of these republics.

Thus, since the beginning of this year, Lithuania has failed to find a specialist who could count the “damage” from the so-called Soviet occupation. In Latvia, “damage from the Soviet occupation” was estimated at 185 billion euros. To which the Russian ambassador in Vilnius, Alexander Udaltsov, offered Lithuania to pay Russia 72 billion dollars for the contribution of the Soviet Union to the development of this republic.

In the spring of this year, Estonian Justice Minister Urmas Reinsalu spoke of the country's intention to cooperate with Lithuania and Latvia in order to obtain full compensation from Russia for the damage to the “Soviet occupation”. The official referred to the government’s decision in 2004, which stated that “the occupation of Estonia resulted in damage, and the Estonian executive must deal with these issues through the government”.

Who exaggerates the theme of "Soviet guilt"

Deputy Malgorzata Goshchevska refers to the part of the ruling party that actively supports Ukraine, political analyst Stanislav Stremidlovsky said in a commentary to the VIEW of the newspaper.

“This madam was at the disposal of volunteer formations, all kinds of Ukrainian gangsters who weapons in the hands of destroying civilians Donbass.

Even by the standards of the modern Polish Russophobic party, this madam belongs to the extreme and odious flank, ”said Stremydlovsky.

"All these statements work for the internal audience," - said the source. At the same time, the expert stressed that many Poles do not like such rhetoric and they consider such behavior of the Seimas deputies unworthy.

Where to start counting claims?

It is not clear, including at what point Polish politicians set out to count the deadline of “historical claims” to the USSR, Lev Klepatsky, a professor at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, noted in his commentary of the VIEW newspaper. “Maybe start counting from the war between Poland and Soviet Russia of 1919 – 1921 (which was unleashed by Poland)?” The interlocutor noted. If we take it seriously, Klepatsky continued, the statement of the Polish side is “nonsense both in historical, political and moral terms”.

Reparations are levied from the defeated side, but it is obvious that in relation to Poland the USSR is not the defeated side. On the contrary, the Soviet Union liberated Poland from Nazi occupation, Klepatsky stressed. “The Warsaw Uprising was essentially a political farce organized by the London émigré government,” he added.

“In principle, no“ crimes of the Soviet Union in Poland ”are known,” Klepatsky continued. - If we are talking about the fight against the underground of the Home Army (“akhovtsy”) - then perhaps the Polish politicians mean exactly that. The current ruling party “Law and Justice” acts as a force inheriting the state created by Jozef Pilsudski, the Craiova Army also inherited Pilsudski. ” But to bring lawsuits for the fight against the AK underground workers is also quite pointless, the expert believes. “After all, you can also make counterclaims: it’s enough to count how many military and civilians were killed by“ Akhovtsy ”after the liberation of Poland. This continued until the 1958 – 1959 years, when the “Akovtsy” were finally suppressed. ”

In addition, the Polish deputies in their claims completely ignore the fact that the Polish state exists in its current borders thanks to the decisions of the Soviet leadership. As is known, following the results of World War II, approximately 25 percent of the territory of the Third Reich within the boundaries of 1937 of the year flowed into Poland. At the initiative of Joseph Stalin, the entire Big Three approved the new map of Poland during the Potsdam Conference. Thus, the demand for “reparations” will inevitably, naturally, cast doubt on the validity of the present western and northeastern borders of Poland.

Who should

“Of course, the Soviet Union used certain resources of Poland, this is true. But let's not forget how much he invested in Poland. Poland was the darling of the Soviet Union, ”notes Stanislav Stremidlovsky.

We should not forget that the Soviet Union rendered great assistance in the restoration of Poland after the war, Lev Klepatsky emphasizes. It was about creating industry, which, in fact, was not before the war. "Pre-war Poland was one of the poorest countries in Europe," the source said. But, despite the fact that during the war, Poland lost 40% of national wealth, by 1949, industrial production per capita in the country had increased 2,5 times, the economic effect from the sale of industrial goods increased by 200%. "Often, the Soviet Union sent resources to Poland, tearing them away from its economy," stresses Stanislav Stremidlovsky.

“After the war, the Soviet Union supplied Poland (to its detriment) with grain for sowing,” recalls Klepatsky. “Food was also supplied — what they would call humanitarian aid now.” When drought occurred in Poland in 1947,

Soviet supplies helped the Poles to avoid starvation.

In the postwar years, investment in the Polish economy contributed to the development of metallurgy, the chemical industry, engineering, shipbuilding.

If, within the European Union, industrial production in Poland is at most 4,8%, then in the second half of 1940, the first half of 1950, Polish industry growth was measured in tens of percent. In 1970-s, thanks to cooperation within the USSR-led Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA), Poland ranked first in supplying the Soviet market with a huge range of goods, from ships and excavators to synthetic dyes and building materials.

“The Polish People's Republic constantly tried to reach a special relationship with the Soviet Union, to the first positions. Warsaw wanted to lead the socialist camp in order to talk with Moscow on its behalf, ”notes Stremydlovsky.

“Back in Europe,” Poland again found itself in the role of a raw material (more precisely, “food”) appendage and supplier of relatively cheap labor.

"Poland will have to pay extra"

If, however, to return to the topic of reparations, back in the 50-ies, Poland officially refused any payments from the Germans, notes Stremydlovsky.

At the same time, the USSR provided Poland with 15% of 10 billion dollars of reparations that defeated Germany had to pay.

“The Law and Justice Party is very keen on making claims, then to Germany, now to Russia (“ at the expense of ”the Soviet Union),” said Lev Klepatsky. - But I would “advise” Czechoslovakia to expose Poland for the occupation of one of the districts of Czechoslovakia when the Western powers concluded the Munich deal. And why should the Lithuanians not invoice for the occupation of the Vilna region? I repeat - the claims of the Polish side look meaningless. ”

“If the odious part of the current ruling party in Poland wants to figure out who owes what to whom, let's count. In this case, Poland will have to pay the Russian Federation, ”summed up Stremydlovsky.

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  1. San Sanych
    San Sanych 27 August 2017 15: 16
    if not for the USSR, then Poland as a state would cease to exist, but now it is becoming clear that Russia, as the successor of the USSR, owes the Poles for the fact that they were released.
    1. Spartanez300
      Spartanez300 27 August 2017 16: 29
      Damaged little people with low brain activity, you won’t get such gratitude.
      1. enot73
        enot73 27 August 2017 18: 09
        About the Poles, back in Soviet times, they said that they quarreled with all their neighbors. And now the Yankees are skillfully using this, directing the hostility of the Poles to neighboring countries in the right direction.
  2. VAZ2106
    VAZ2106 27 August 2017 15: 35
    Malgozhata Maria Goshchevskaya is very nothing, quite a pretty woman
    1. action
      action 27 August 2017 15: 57
      Not recognized in clothes
      1. Tatyana
        Tatyana 27 August 2017 16: 07
        political scientist Stanislav Stremidlovsky.
        «This madam (Malgozhata Maria Goshchevskaya) was at the disposal of volunteer groups, all kinds of Ukrainian bandits, which with weapons in their hands destroy the civilians of Donbass.
        This is in what sense - be at the disposal of volunteer groups, all kinds of Ukrainian bandits? Than it was they who could dispose of this "madame" ?! belay
        1. enot73
          enot73 27 August 2017 18: 02
          Most likely this is a typo. it was correct to write "in the location."
    2. The comment was deleted.
  3. MCMLX
    MCMLX 27 August 2017 16: 20
    However, as a result of the Stalinist gift with the accession of the eastern German territories to Poland - Silesia, a large part of Prussia, Poland's GDP permanently increased by 70%.

    If you already raised this question, then:

    Poland should return Silesia to Germany, and the Prussian territory of Russia, as a recipient who did not justify the gift.
  4. izya top
    izya top 27 August 2017 17: 15
    do not do good, do not get evil request
  5. Proton
    Proton 27 August 2017 18: 24
    request just as they were the jackals of Europe, I don’t remember who said it, they remained the same jackal as the balts and clothes were worn away, and in the houses on the earthen floor they slept with fleas.
    1. Conductor
      Conductor 27 August 2017 19: 15
      Churchill said Poland Hyena of Europe.
  6. ARES623
    ARES623 27 August 2017 18: 27
    Thanks to the competent policy of the Soviet leadership during the liberation of Poland from the Germans in 1944, the people's government came to power, ousting the bourgeois "emigrants". But, since the bourgeois stratum in Poland was very significant, the people's government eventually lost its authority and the gentry bourgeoisie returned to power as soon as the Soviet Union weakened in the camp. Trying to take revenge for the period of popular rule, today's gentry demonstrates rampant Russophobia. This phenomenon is quite predictable. Trying to convince them of wrongness, reminding them of the history of our relationship is completely useless. Only real pressure, today political and economic, can keep them close to the bounds of decency. No attempts to search for various formats of mutually acceptable relations will be successful, and therefore there is no point in sharing front ones. They will regard any good initiative on our part as weakness and will try to take advantage of it. At the same time, the Polish leaders are not very smart people and make a lot of mistakes, showing arrogance in relation to the "associates" in the EU. This must be used and reminded, especially to Berlin, of which “ally” they have to deal with. Not bad, from our point of view, nonsense is developing in Polish-Ukrainian affairs. There you can also add "butter", in between. Only copy them is not worth it. The Katyn Memorial should be rethought. Emphasis should be placed on the fact that the investigation is not completed, the guilty party must comply with the prosecution at the Nuremberg trial, at least. Access to the memorial to the Poles should not be blocked, but you need to make it paid, at a high enough price to cause them a “toothache”. The place of Kaczynski’s death is to leave the stone and plant it with birches, no monuments, this is not our “hero”. It would not be bad to make a solid series of programs about the history of the USSR, which should be shown instead of “Guzeev’s wives” or “let them speak.”
  7. Conductor
    Conductor 27 August 2017 19: 11
    600 000 Soviet soldiers died during the liberation of Poland, Bring it back, Poles, those. Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Caucasians (sorry I can’t list all the representatives of the Caucasus), Kazakhs, Tajiks, Uzbeks, and others. They were ours, Soviet, and they laid their heads for your freedom. Return and all.
  8. urman
    urman 27 August 2017 20: 26
    “The Polish People’s Republic constantly tried to enter into special relations with the Soviet Union, in the first positions. Warsaw wanted to lead a socialist camp in order to talk with Moscow on his behalf, ”said Stremidlovsky. \\\\\\\\\\\

    Well, nothing changes in the Poles!
    Always and at all times without soap everywhere climb.
    This is not curable, medicine is powerless here!
  9. asushnik 78
    asushnik 78 27 August 2017 22: 41
    The old woman, Shapoklyak, was right: "He who helps people spends time in vain! You cannot become famous for good deeds!"
  10. iouris
    iouris 29 August 2017 00: 12
    USSR no. This is the root of all modern politics. East European politicians are confident that they defeated the USSR, and they will defeat the Russian Federation. And they have no choice: we need free gas.