At first, we will ask an absolutely inadequate question.
How would normal Russians have reacted, I would even say, the patriots, if they saw an advertisement in their place of residence that a rock concert would take place on June 10 at the territory of the central memorial of the Great Patriotic War? Or are there rapper Pugegeymer performances?
I think that at least there would be plenty of noise. Still, there are concert venues, but there are mass graves and monuments. And one with the other should not be mixed well.
Knowledgeable people would say that such a disgrace would be more appropriate in Ukraine. There is not possible.
But the fact is that the concert was. And he seemed to be not in Ukraine, in Sevastopol. Crimea, they say, is Russia. Now, as if there are some doubts.
But let's go in order.
A museum or not a museum in Sevastopol.
Not so long ago, we talked about some of the problems of Sevastopol in terms of preserving stories. The material was quite voluminous and did not arouse much interest.
Historical Sevastopol: oddities, explanations and answers to readers' questions.
However, it turned out that we, to put it mildly, mislead the readers. And I, on behalf of myself and our correspondent, who worked in the Crimea, apologize.
There is no museum on the 35 battery of Sevastopol. Alas, documented fact.
Let's start with the fact that such a museum in general.
The museum (from the Greek. Μουσεον - house of the Muses) is an institution engaged in the collection, study, storage and display of objects: monuments of natural history, material and spiritual culture, as well as educational and promotional activities.
At first, this concept meant a collection of objects (exhibits) on art and science, then, from the 18th century, it also includes the building where the exhibits are located. Since the XIX century joined the research work carried out in museums. And since the sixties of the 20th century, the pedagogical activity of museums began (special projects for children, adolescents and adults).
What do we have on the 35 battery? And nothing.
In the register of museums of Russia such an organization is not listed. True, there is no such museum in the Ukrainian national register of museums either.
There is a local document, still Ukrainian, which, after careful reading, shows that this is not really a museum. Here he is:
A dash in the line, where the number of registered museum exhibits should be, is quite indicative. The fact is that creating a museum is not so easy. Each exhibit must be examined for historical value.
So, there are simply no historical values in the so-called “museum” of the 35 battery. But there is a necropolis where burials of found remains of Soviet fighters systematically occur.
Between the mass grave and the necropolis.
As soon as it turned out that the graves were being passed with gross violations of the law, the head of one of the public organizations of Sevastopol, Elena Golubeva, sent statements to the prosecutor's office, the police and the Ministry of Defense.
To Golubeva’s inquiry about the existence of a military cemetery of the Ministry of Defense on the territory of the museum “35-I coastal battery”: “According to the centralized registration of military graves ... the necropolis of the Complex does not appear. In this regard, it is necessary to instruct the relevant local authorities to carry out the certification of military burial and send the first copy of the registration card to the Office.
Really, neither the government of Sevastopol, nor the Ministry of Defense, nor the search movement, in general, all those who participated in the annual burials since 2009, at the necropolis of the private museum "35-I coastal battery", did not know that the burials are held in the cemetery, which not listed anywhere?
It seems that the permission from the Ukrainian authorities was. And a passport memorial. But it turns out, if you look at the dates, that at first there was a necropolis, and then a memorial. But in the draft memorial about the necropolis, not a word, although according to the director of the memorial, the necropolis was included in the memorial project.
One wonders asking the question: why do we need a necropolis in the complex? Perhaps in order to bury the remains of fighters raised during the construction of the complex. But! First, on the territory of the complex there is a mass grave of soldiers of the 35 th battery of the 1941-1942 period, which at one time was included in the register of military graves.
There is a memorial cemetery of Soviet soldiers, 6 km of the Simferopol highway, pos. Dergachi. There were buried members of the defense and liberation of the city of Sevastopol (1941-44), 17 Heroes of the Soviet Union, young partisans, commanders of brigades and divisions, veterans of the Great Patriotic War.
As a result, for which the creators of the complex on the 35-th battery needed to create a new burial, it remains a mystery.
However, the organizers of this all went even further, and staged a third burial. Absolutely illegal from the point of view of jurisprudence and absolutely amoral from the universal point of view.
During the construction of the chapel on the territory of the memorial, the remains of the 6-ti fighters of the Red Army were hit by the excavator bucket. They were exhumed and solemnly, with honors, buried ... in the same place where they were found. And from above a chapel was erected, as was supposed by the project.
The testimony of the former employee of the memorial Ekaterina Eroshevich:
“They found the remains of six fighters when they dug a pit under a chapel. Three were identified, the rest of the mortal medallions were not all letters. The management of the museum did not come up with anything better than to bury them in the same place where they were found. Buried solemnly.
And then they remembered the chapel and did a terrible thing - they dug up the ground over the newly buried coffins and poured it into the resulting foundation pit. That is, now the soldiers are buried under the chapel, and next to it there is no sign of the burial. The only reminder of the people buried under the foundation was a small tablet hidden inside the chapel. And the worst thing is that, as usual, no one has filed information about the reburied soldiers. ”
It is also surprising that those who re-buried the remains did not bother to make an examination of the mortal medallions, on which not all letters remained. The practice of restoring full names in search activity has been around for a long time.
We will focus on what to look for, pick up and re-bury the remains of the fighters in those years the organization “Pivdennyi memorials of Ukraine” received the right. With the preparation of relevant documents. In fact, all those who were interested in it were doing this.
An interesting approach, is not it? We do not want to bury the fighters in a mass grave - we washed down our cemetery. Actually private. We don’t want to bury it in our own - we bury it where we found it, fill it with concrete and build a chapel from above. In short, what we want, then we bring back, and no one decree to us.
And this is not just the Crimea, which seems to be ours. The scene of action is the hero-city of Sevastopol ...
Memorable date - the day of the city
The 35 battery is the only place in Sevastopol where not the day of the liberation of the city from the Nazi invaders (9 of May 1944 of the year), but the day of delivery - July 3 of 1942 is widely celebrated. Strange? Quite.
So this year's memorial day was marked by the burial at the necropolis of the museum of the remains of 93 Soviet soldiers and a concert. The first persons of the city came to the burial place - the governor’s acting governor, Dmitry Ovsyannikov, chairman of the legislative assembly Ekaterina Altabaeva, Senator from Sevastopol Olga Timofeeva, deputy commander of the Black Sea fleet Yuri Orekhovsky.
A thoughtful reader will ask: Acting as city governor, Mr. Ovsyannikov came to participate in illegal burial?
The answer will be given by the director of the museum "35-I Coastal Battery": "July 3. In the morning the government made a decision. They said there: “If it is necessary, let's do it, since we are all going here (for burial) now, let's go to the government and accept. We have all the documents, why drag it out ?! ”Valery Ivanovich means that on July 3, on the day of burial, the government of Sevastopol entered the necropolis of the 35 battery into the cemeteries registry.
And then a thoughtful reader may have more questions. Maybe it seemed to you that the director of the museum said that the governor and the first persons, gathering for burial, adopted a resolution “on the government” to legalize the cemetery? You thought it was a coincidence.
Here, the efficiency and simplicity of creating a cemetery is admired - by the government’s decision, since the preliminary elaboration of this issue has never been mentioned either in the press or on the 35 battery.
Federal Law No. 8-FZ "On Burial and Funeral Business" from 12.01.1996, and especially its Art. 16 says that the hard work of various inspections and departments should precede the decision of the executive authority of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.
This is “Our Crimea” for you, and not what else!
Well done officials, in order not to become participants in the illegal burial, just took and realized everything they needed.
We will definitely return to the burial procedure in a separate material, this outrage is worth it. We promise.
Concert on the bones, solemnly buried
The second act of the ceremony celebrating the memorable day of July 3 continued with a big concert. As the museum director Valery Volodin said:
"Memorial evening was called" Remember to live. " The first part is minor, the second is major. First part: Symphony Orchestra of Sevastopol, choir of the ensemble “Tavria” from Simferopol, Vyacheslav Korneev accompanied by marines, Elena Shlomin, Vladimir.
Second branch: Olga Kormukhina. She was selected because she is known for patriotic Russian songs. We selected her repertoire from the one sent to us along with our production center. Everything was agreed. "
On the parade ground in front of the casemates battery settled spectators and the scene. He played a symphony orchestra, read poems, marines to a wartime song held a demonstration performance. And a memorable concert was crowned in honor of the day of the end of the defense of the city by the performance of O. Kormukhina and her husband, A. Belov (ex-member of the Gorky Park group), who made a clown on stage.
So that readers can understand the disposition, I’ll give you a scheme where the scene with Belov jumping, wheezing “We will rock you” (which means “we will shake you” in Tolstoy’s language).
We must pay tribute to the organizers of the concert - the microphones were not turned off, the singer finished foreign songs and reached the end.
This is how the director of the museum commented: “The sound is never turned off in such cases, because there is a memory concert. <…> It was impossible to turn off the sound, because it was a scandal. And at the end of the concert we were supposed to have cars of the wartime and in memory of the last volleys of the 35th battery the "forty-five" cannon should fire. Do we have to cover all this ?! And the organizer of the concert, Sergei Arbuzov, and I in military uniform - came out from the side and showed signs "stop" (arms crossed - ed.). They didn't react at all. And so until he finished himself, he did not leave the stage "
What is most surprising when Belov offered to sing instead of the audience, they happily picked up and chanted "We will rock you". Director Volodin noted that “this is because we probably achieved our goal and in the territory we had almost 50% of young people, they turned on the lanterns, jumped up, chanted - this is young people, she took it as her own. And we did not need it. We admit a mistake, make a conclusion for the future for ourselves, what to do - should I beat with a ruble? But to turn off the microphones - it does. This group cost us quite a lot. ”
A. Belov gave a comment to the local channel about geopolitics and patriotism: “Knowing your traditions and honoring history is what means not to forget your destiny on this earth ...”
He has a good purpose, there is nothing to add.
Interestingly, the journalist who posted a concert video on YouTube apologized for him, using the phrase “You’re tearing up Memenylo for Gentle May on the day of Kursk’s death, but you did the same thing”.
The concert, organized on the day of the funeral, in fact, at the cemetery, deserves one definition - blasphemy.
Perhaps there are peoples and nationalities who arrange songs and dances on the day of the funeral, but this is not in our rules or in our traditions.
It was necessary to call people in the evening for the 35 battery, it was necessary to give the last honors to our fighters, but to arrange Belov’s monkey dances in some 30-40 meters from the fresh graves — that is, excuse me, brute force. All articles.
When we see the memorials of the Great War, we do not often think that the mass grave is the grave in which real human bones lie. And the traditions, rituals associated with exhumation, burial were created for a reason, and are the result of a long way of perpetuating the feat of specific people.
No one has an idea to hold a concert in the cemetery, we are wildly outraged when we learn about the Sabbaths of young people at the graves. But for some reason, the holding of concerts a few meters from the burial of the Red Army soldiers, who covered Sevastopol with their breasts, pouring graves with a solution of concrete, giving the heroes oblivion do not arouse most similar emotions and outrage. It's a pity…
Somehow it is amiss in this our Crimea, the right word ...