Definitive Arms has developed a new adjustable gas block for AK

71
For the Kalashnikov assault rifle, a new accessory has been developed that allows for its “fine” tuning, the portal reports thefirearmblog.com. Definitive Arms has developed a new adjustable gas block for AK.

The adjustable gas unit from the Definitive Arms has 13 positions to adjust. At the same time to change the position of the regulator does not require a special tool - the position of the regulator is fixed by a recessed button, by pressing which the arrow can turn it to the desired mark.

Definitive Arms has developed a new adjustable gas block for AK


In the company Definitive Arms indicate that their gas block is compatible with almost all serial "Kalashnikov" (including series AK, AKM, AK-74, AK-100, PKK) and civilian carbines "Vepr". The item will be available in two versions - a gas block and a gas block combined with a front sight.



An adjustable gas block is in demand among shooters using shot loudness devices (silencers), as well as non-standard cartridges (for example, subsonic). Adjusting the volume of powder gases that drive the recharge mechanism weapons, allows to avoid excessive recoil, as well as eliminate the emission of gases in the face of the shooter when using silencers.

  • http://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/
Our news channels

Subscribe and stay up to date with the latest news and the most important events of the day.

71 comment
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. +2
    10 August 2017 14: 56
    It is a pity that this device for combat parts will be unavailable ... maybe something similar will be built into AK-12. But how will this affect the price of AK-12 then? ..
    1. +17
      10 August 2017 15: 25
      Quote: NEXUS
      ... maybe something similar will be built into the AK-12. .

      I am amazed to be surprised at “Kavlash” - the reserve for modernization in my opinion is inexhaustible. The AK-12 is understandable - another Kalash modernization, but its direct competitor, the Degtyarev AEK-971 - is also an in-depth modernization of the Kalashnikov. The most interesting thing is that a "modernized" machine is not always improved. Take AEK-971. The telescopic balancer mounted on it increases accuracy when firing bursts. On the one hand, it’s fine, and on the other hand, the weight of the machine increases, a more complex mechanism leads to unreliable construction. What the fighter will choose is another question. For example, I would no doubt choose the classic Kalash. From this we can conclude that any modernization of Kalashnikov is just his specialization. And I am convinced that Kalash is the perfection of small-arms automatic weapons.
      1. +3
        10 August 2017 15: 36
        Well put not so perfection especially in the 21st century. Although the assessment of "price = performance characteristics = production" Kalash out of competition. Another thing is that the problem of recoil can be compensated for by training the correct position of the shooter when shooting, or sometimes I look at the shooting of “professionals” and I don’t know crying or laughing.
        1. +1
          10 August 2017 17: 26
          I do not understand, but under the border where is the ledge?
          1. 0
            11 August 2017 12: 21
            the button is visible between the hollows, with a spherical shape, as I do not know what to call it, the head part. Obviously spring loaded inside. You need to click on it, it will drown inside its seat and release this thing with numbers. It will be possible to change position. Then we release the button and it will go into the cavity and fix the position.
            1. 0
              11 August 2017 12: 22
              Button at the bottom of the spinner with numbers.
        2. +1
          11 August 2017 14: 42
          Quote: ProkletyiPirat
          Well put not so perfection especially in the 21st century.

          Of course, yes ... If you are going to shoot from the balcony of your belongings to a mosquito sitting on the head of a neighbor standing below ... belay And for war, when the main thing is to be able to shoot, very much ...
          For special forces there are other, more expensive and serious options ... And for us, “Kalash” - for the eyes ...
      2. +2
        10 August 2017 15: 59
        True. then you can not get smart.
        Quote: Proxima
        And I am convinced that Kalash is the perfection of small-arms automatic weapons.
      3. +2
        10 August 2017 16: 14
        Quote: Proxima
        Take AEK-971

        Do not take it, maybe, and it has already been converted into A-545 and A-762 ...
        1. +1
          10 August 2017 16: 29
          Quote: NEXUS
          Quote: Proxima
          Take AEK-971

          Do not take it, maybe, and it has already been converted into A-545 and A-762 ...

          You are mistaken dear. Just AEK-971 at this time together with AK-12 and go through the stages of state testing. I bring you the statement of the head of the Department of the Ministry of Defense for ensuring the state defense order Mikhail Osyko:
          “Both machines (AK-12 and AEK-971) ended up with state tests and fulfilled the requirements of the TTZ with modifications and long enough tests. But the Ministry of Defense will consider this issue both in terms of their technical characteristics and price indicators ”,
          1. Maz
            +3
            10 August 2017 18: 12
            Only here the resource of shots from aeks can not be compared with the resource of ordinary ak, at least crack. And after installing this shit, shooting from AK will be a pleasure at all. The price is unlikely to stop even the soldier, it is unlikely that it will be high, besides, right now China will brew it so much that it will depreciate to a minimum.
            1. +2
              10 August 2017 23: 30
              Quote: Maz
              the resource of shots in aeks can not be compared with the resource of ordinary ak

              Quote: Maz
              after installing this shit, shooting from AK will be a pleasure

              It’s not a fact that in terms of resource and reliability, at least AEK with such “tuning” will reach at least AEK.
              ETOGES how many small moving parts? Just a holiday for cleaning wassat
              A silencer and such a stray are not for military operations. This is for private lovers of tuning-peeling trunks.
              Under AK there is its own PBS. There are special cars for special tasks. But AK will only be tuned in such a way by someone who is very far from performing any tasks
      4. The comment was deleted.
        1. +9
          10 August 2017 19: 01
          Quote: 310
          Quote: Proxima
          For example, I would no doubt choose the classic Kalash.

          For what?

          Simply! So they do not stupidly shoot me. I want to be sure that my dear Kalashik (in rain, in snow, in mud, in dust, with a minus of 40 degrees belay below zero, in physical and thermal processes) will not let me down. And also, I will make a march with AK, and the excess weight of the machine is thousands of kilojoules of wasted energy. You can die like a driven horse!
          YOU DO NOT UNDERSTAND IT, except for pipirki and keyboard you held heavier in your hands ...
          1. The comment was deleted.
            1. +1
              10 August 2017 20: 34
              [quote = 310 As a result, I did not understand why you would choose Kalash? [/ quote]
              At first I did not give attention to your flag and epaulettes on the avatar.
              Troller
              1. The comment was deleted.
          2. +1
            11 August 2017 05: 36
            Quote: Proxima
            And also, I will do a march with AK, and the excess weight of the machine is thousands of kilojoules of wasted energy. You can die like a driven horse!

            Plus add weight cartridge to BC US.
            Plus, add to this half a kilo of weight on the cut of the trunk, which will not add convenience, and for hands clogged after the march, this is the ticket to the other world. Theoretically, you can shoot, but almost in white light like a pretty penny.
            And the point?
      5. +1
        10 August 2017 22: 54
        m 16 so would experience
      6. +2
        11 August 2017 02: 21
        Quote: Proxima
        On the one hand, it’s fine, and on the other hand, the weight of the machine increases, a more complex mechanism leads to unreliable construction.

        it’s you still Nikonov (which Abakan) you didn’t use — that’s where the hemorrhagic is, and AEK compared to the same 74 — heaven and earth. Exclusively IMHO.
    2. +2
      10 August 2017 16: 34
      Quote: NEXUS
      It is a pity that this device for combat parts will be unavailable ... maybe something similar will be built into AK-12. But how will this affect the price of AK-12 then? ..

      Excuse me, but why do the militants need silencers?
      1. +3
        10 August 2017 17: 20
        Quote: cyberhanter
        Excuse me, but why do the militants need silencers?

        really why give consumables silencers, sights and ammunition ..., sapper shovel in the teeth and fs !!! So what?
        1. +2
          10 August 2017 23: 22
          Quote: MadCat
          why should mufflers be given to consumables

          Who talked about consumables? Do not make up.
          And it would not be bad to name at least one problem that the combined arms of the armed forces with silencers will solve ...
          1. +2
            11 August 2017 02: 32
            Quote: insular
            And it would not be bad to name at least one problem that the combined arms of the armed forces with silencers will solve ...

            Glushak is also flameless shooting, and not just silent. wink
            1. 0
              11 August 2017 05: 11
              So then in the know about the meaning of the letters PBS ... And? What is there about the tasks for combined arms?
          2. +1
            11 August 2017 20: 18
            Quote: insular
            And it would not be bad to name at least one problem that the combined arms of the armed forces with silencers will solve ...

            such "geniuses" before the First World War decided, and why the army needs machine guns, and so it will do.
      2. 0
        11 August 2017 02: 52
        If there will be a battle in the city, namely in the buildings. Glushak needed.
        1. 0
          11 August 2017 05: 00
          What for?!
          Do not confuse "fighting in buildings" with special operations?
          1. 0
            11 August 2017 20: 08
            No, I don’t confuse, sooner or later the battles are in front of the cities and there are many examples! Moreover, cities have grown and occupy vast areas. And you think that only specialists will fight in the cities, and combat units on rough terrain request
    3. The comment was deleted.
  2. +10
    10 August 2017 14: 56
    In Kalash, everything works fine without it, and only scouts use silencers. And then, only in the "head", or a search group (if one is appointed) during an ambush.
    1. +3
      10 August 2017 15: 03
      Quote: Oleg Lavrov
      In Kalash, and without it, everything works fine,

      I agree ... but it’s too early to talk about something, maybe they haven’t decided yet which machine will go to the regular Warrior. And so yes, Kalash is certainly a wonderful machine ..
      1. +16
        10 August 2017 15: 17
        They still want to put a silencer. What for? For crazy shooting, other weapons are intended. Are they trying to blind a hybrid again?
        They would have added a silencer to the Coalition ...
        1. +3
          10 August 2017 15: 39
          better to carry a silencer on the AK than "another barrel" hi
          1. 0
            10 August 2017 23: 46
            Quote: ProkletyiPirat
            better to carry a silencer on the AK than "another barrel"

            And what did regular PBS displease you with? Yes, even so much that it was bothered to reduce the reliability of the machine?
            Noisy? And the hitch in the gross cartridge is not the same? So maybe you still need to take weapons for the task and not marry a hedgehog with a beaver? wassat
            1. 0
              11 August 2017 02: 43
              no need to invent, I didn’t scold the regular hush from AK, there was no question about him at all ...
              1. 0
                11 August 2017 05: 18
                Quote: ProkletyiPirat
                better to carry a silencer on the AK than "another barrel"

                Not better.
                The regular PBS for AK has a number of real shortcomings (and not the PBS itself, but a regular assault rifle with a long barrel and PBS on it), it’s completely objective and it is better to have a specialized barrel for the unit’s task, if this unit has a specific task, where stealth is needed, maneuverability and is not expected to flood the enemy with bullets.
                Quote: ProkletyiPirat
                no need to invent

                I hope mom now understands what I meant.
                Quote: ProkletyiPirat
                there was no question about him at all ...
                We are talking about a completely worthless stray for AK and PBS for AK, both full-time and through the above crutch.
        2. The comment was deleted.
      2. +3
        10 August 2017 16: 42
        Guys, didn’t it bother anyone that they are doing it in the states, not ours? This stray is not for our army, as it were.
        1. +4
          10 August 2017 18: 13
          It is generally not for the army, on the civilian market.
        2. +2
          10 August 2017 20: 50
          Well, actually something similar is being done here, for civilian weapons. I put myself on the Saigu-410K. Gas outlet regulator. True to 4 positions. But for my eyes. It even allows you to turn off automation (manual reloading, for a non-standard cartridge, but this is a perversion). And for the army? Yes, do not need it. Maybe the special forces are not sure.
    2. 0
      10 August 2017 15: 55
      In Kalash, everything works fine without it, and only scouts use silencers. And then, only in the "head", or a search group (if one is appointed) during an ambush.
      This device, there’s creativity from Definitive Arms USA, why is everything so wound up then?
      1. +15
        10 August 2017 16: 11
        Because all sorts of Serdyukov with a fool will take! And then they will say that their blonde under the table misled ...
      2. 0
        10 August 2017 22: 06
        a good addition to ak alpha to be honest. and then with the classic he looked somehow wrong
        1. +1
          10 August 2017 23: 48
          Quote: jonhr
          it looked somehow wrong

          Well, repainting in Euro-rainbow colors, it will be fashionable and "Euro-girlfriends" will appreciate wassat
          1. 0
            11 August 2017 08: 45
            Well, if only you think about it, then the problem is in you laughing latent form does not mean anything to you?
    3. 310
      +1
      10 August 2017 16: 49
      Quote: Oleg Lavrov
      In Kalash, and without it everything works fine

      Yes? But what are they constantly trying to modernize then?
      1. +1
        10 August 2017 23: 49
        Quote: 310
        But what are they constantly trying to modernize then?

        And How? It turns out?
        1. 0
          11 August 2017 02: 44
          judging by the fact that MO orders a modification kit, apparently
          1. +1
            11 August 2017 05: 12
            Quote: ProkletyiPirat
            MO orders a modification kit

            Which ones? Trims for body kit on the bill. These are straps for body kit and not modifications.
            Quote: ProkletyiPirat
            apparently it turns out

            More specifically.
  3. +12
    10 August 2017 15: 06
    Affinity stray! It is especially pleasing that by pressing a button on the gas outlet, heated up to 200 degrees, you can fine-tune the AK, which already shoots well without this contraption. I remember that SVT had just a customizable gas outlet and led to a bummer when used in simple rifle units - many simply did not understand why this shnyaga and then it was believed that Sveta does not shoot well ...
    I don’t remember something, that AK, AKM or AKS-74 somehow worked badly and required fine tuning ...
    1. +1
      10 August 2017 15: 23
      I agree with you. But everything is simple ... a stray for the domestic commercial market.
      Type a new toy in the collection of weapons of Private Amer.
      Fortunately, they have no problems with this.
    2. +3
      10 August 2017 15: 50
      normal stray, a similar change in the work of the gas outlet is used on two-medium assault rifles, it is immediately proposed to use analogy to increase the ammunition stock, for example, scouts will be able to shoot from the same AK with a silencer or use reinforced armor-piercing cartridges. Similar ideas have long been in arms forums.
    3. The comment was deleted.
      1. +1
        10 August 2017 20: 22
        They upgraded under the 5,45 cartridge, but the AKM was not written off and sent to the warehouse.
  4. +6
    10 August 2017 15: 17
    The best is the enemy of the good. Why fix, supplement what works so well and almost without fail.
    I agree that for professionals and special forces, which, as the author noted, can use different types of cartridges, including subsonic, as well as a silencer, such a lotion would not be out of place. And use in the troops is absolutely superfluous.

    In any case, respect to the engineers for the idea and execution. Judging by the photo, it turned out quite simply and elegantly.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. +1
      10 August 2017 17: 34
      Well, not all the troops, for example, in the militia, will fit perfectly for show-offs and for authority at first, then you can exchange this thing for useful to any of the young people who don’t have a border. in the presence of bad money.
  5. +2
    10 August 2017 16: 09
    A "bun" for tuning, and this (tuning) cannot be stopped as a repair ... The manufacturer launches a new product (patented) on the market. I take it that way.
  6. +6
    10 August 2017 16: 19
    Definitive Arms are American AK costomizers for American shooters (tactical and amateur). For $$, they and the AK antigens will get a damn thing. Only reliability, he will not add
  7. +3
    10 August 2017 16: 42
    [quote = Logall] They would have added a silencer to the '' Coalition '' ... [quote]
    Maybe they’ll put it on the Coalition. smile
  8. 0
    10 August 2017 17: 31
    Quote: NEXUS
    It is a pity that this device for combat parts will be unavailable ... maybe something similar will be built into AK-12. But how will this affect the price of AK-12 then? ..

    I think Kalashnikov himself could have set the regulator himself .. At that time they were already using self-loading and automatic rifles. They probably thought it was easier and cheaper. And it turned out to be a masterpiece. He made the same gaps for the sake of reliability, ease of disassembly. You can think of a lot any devices for AK, but he doesn’t need them. Well, who cuts the budget, you can make a batch of machines for 100 thousand bucks. stop hi
  9. +3
    10 August 2017 18: 05
    An adjustable gas unit is in demand among shooters using devices to reduce the volume of a shot (silencers), as well as non-standard cartridges (for example, subsonic).

    Kalash was made for combat units and for not very qualified fighters. For the pros, there are other specialized trunks.
    Our potential partners love to turn a simple and reliable thing into an expensive and difficult to operate. It would be better if they brought their M-4 to mind.
    1. 0
      10 August 2017 18: 34
      since only 47 years old, the requirements for weapons in combat units have changed a lot, such as lower weight, more ammunition, anthropometric settings, unification of the hitch.
      1. +1
        10 August 2017 18: 59
        This list does not contain what the manufacturer of this adjustable pribluda offers ..... And this pribluda is heavier than a standard gas outlet unit.
        1. 0
          10 August 2017 19: 36
          One of the requirements for the next generation automatic firearms (machine guns, rifles, machine guns) is the use of shots of different muzzle energy at the time of the projectile (bullet), such as subsonic, conventional, armor-piercing (sorted by increase). Different muzzle energy leads to the fact that the piston receives different energy, and as a result, it has it either too little or too much for normal functioning. For example, with subsonic cartridges there may not be enough progress to reload, and with armor-piercing rounds there will be a stronger recoil and more gases in the face. To compensate for this phenomenon, it is necessary to make a compensation system in the gas outlet. Here the main question is different, how effective is the presented model, and whether it will allow to use different ammunition on AK in a combat situation. Personally, I am sure that this model will not be effective.
          1. +1
            10 August 2017 20: 56
            Personally, I am sure that this model will not be effective.

            So I am about the same. The company receives ammunition for several days in advance. No one knows what the situation will be in half an hour. Now the fighter knows what a standard cartridge is capable of. And in battle there simply will not be time to twist the twist on the trunk, carry a silencer everywhere with you just in case, discharge the horns and stuff them with something else subsonic. Theoretical tactical nonsense, designed for the refined shooting of Papuans or members of American rifle clubs puffed up on their heads.
            1. +1
              10 August 2017 21: 47
              Stop, firstly, if you take naval special forces, they used to carry two sets of horns and two assault rifles (AK and for underwater shooting) now it’s kind of like they switched to one “two-medium special (assault rifle) automatic”, though it’s kind of like they replaced it and switched to something like ADS_2 with telescopic underwater cartridges. And they switch everything quite normally. So the point is not in the washed away concept, but in its specific implementation or specific application.
              secondly, you are talking about the "company and standard cartridge", but the same cartridge and AK in the city, like Aleppo, are a rather harmful thing with such AK sizes, and even with such noise from a shot, you’ll fight horseradish without ear protection. You can shoot, but not inside, but if you shoot inside, then the orientation and combat effectiveness drops sharply due to blows to the ears. In such cases, it is much better to use a weakened cartridge. Or here’s another example, there are snipers for medium range (screw cutter, SVD, etc.) and it’s very convenient for them to have armor-piercing cartridges for destroying protected targets, such as optics and a hitch from armored vehicles, or here’s another example when using an assault, use shields, with an ordinary cartridge you won’t break them, but easily with an armor-piercing one.
              As for the kit from the article, it is unsuitable for change in battle, but before the fight, for example, during a night operation, you can take a fire extinguisher_muffler + subsonic cartridges and turn on a large supply of energy to the piston.
              1. +1
                10 August 2017 23: 28
                Well, in general, then for the city there are quite decent trunks. Many times was in the Dzerzhinsky division. the guys get the task and do not carry too much with them. The city is a city like that - there is a "Val".
                1. 0
                  11 August 2017 02: 49
                  that is, you think that having two different machines in warehouses is normal? But is it normal for him to need a cartridge different from the standard?

                  This is the trouble of all the "specialized" when they are really needed they are not there, and carrying an extra machine with you is the height of insanity.
                  1. 0
                    11 August 2017 11: 24
                    Yes, there is no trouble. In the same "Dzerzhinka" in the unit, all roles are painted. there are snipers and cover and assault groups. During the exercises, all scenarios are worked out - who does not allow the enemy to raise their heads, who works from afar with a sniper, and who storms the object. I can immediately say that in a dense building during a floor storm Kalash that with the regulator, that without it, and even with a silencer is too bulky.
                    This stray means that the fighters are the all-rounder of the master. Now he is a line fighter, after a minute the commander tells him that he is a sniper, and after another 3 minutes he is ordered to start a crowbar assault. There is no such thing. Each specialist is trained and trained specifically for his business. A sniper is generally a piece of goods, it is especially protected. And if you tighten the gas regulator, screw on the silencer, give a cartridge more powerful and put in good optics, then the fighter from this will not become a sniper. In a tight battle every half second is valuable, there is no time to reconfigure the weapon. No one will bring new cartridges. If you go this way, you can recall about the American ideas of bicaliberity of trunks and breech, replaceable trunks of different lengths and other crap, which is expensive, heavy to carry and has not proved itself anywhere.
  10. +2
    10 August 2017 18: 21
    I read comments, and once again I am convinced that 90% of the target audience of this site has never been able to use elementary military weapons in their hands, not to mention any good or normal military service ... that's why articles about Ukraine / this / tramp are so popular.
  11. Mwg
    +2
    10 August 2017 18: 47
    Useless is useless - when using PBS, use ordinary cartridges, only PBS disable (if it doesn’t fail before., PBS only subsonic cartridges. Factory PBS disperses the flowing gases either forward - to the side, or - to the side. If the gases are flying in face, means PBS tore, or it is artisanal.
    And most importantly, how to deal with the coking of this beautiful device (controller)? And he will coke, do not go to the grandmother.
  12. +1
    10 August 2017 20: 22
    Like a fish needs a bicycle??? Wait after which shot does not reload ??? Nonsense
  13. +1
    10 August 2017 20: 24
    Quote: 310
    Quote: Kurare
    The best is the enemy of the good. Why fix, supplement what works so well and almost without fail.

    “Reliability” is only one criterion, out of many, characterizing small arms. Any good small arms, especially those in the arsenal of the rich and advanced countries, fail.
    But besides this criterion, there are also many others. And here everything is very joyless. And from this, competition after competition.
    1. +1
      10 August 2017 20: 27
      Rich and advanced countries: USA, France, Germany, Israel - all have trouble-free weapons?
  14. 0
    11 August 2017 11: 01
    What can you put on a ready-made Kalash? Is there a gas outlet not tightly welded?
  15. 0
    11 August 2017 11: 14
    The debate is endless, tuning enthusiasts, as a rule, use weapons in shooting ranges and shooting ranges and there all these mulets look cool and attract the attention of similar participants in shooting shows and competitions. For them, this feature is certainly interesting.
    It is also probably attractive for a figurative special forces hung with silencers, sights, special equipment and stuffed with cartridges of different powers for the same machine gun that arises in the imagination of theoretical shooters.
    On the other hand, I suggest that for those who have used the AK version for some purpose for their intended purpose, the next thought test is rain, the front, autumn, dirt and damp all around, fingers will feel cold, and then the cartridges in the bag are over and the Kalash will have to be charged from zinc, and we also need to clean it - there was no time for a couple of days, we lay the footcloth and begin to disassemble, and it was covered in mud and liquid clay, because we had to crawl a little thinly to the front guard trenches and get to the gas outlet ... Well, what will the procedure for its adjustment look like when transition to other cartridges with which you are going to fill the horns of freshly opened zinc, on which you unexpectedly read that there is (say such nonsense) a low-pulse ammunition for shooting with a wilderness ???
    I think for those who really used AK, this situation is just crazy.
    For tuners, most likely not.

"Right Sector" (banned in Russia), "Ukrainian Insurgent Army" (UPA) (banned in Russia), ISIS (banned in Russia), "Jabhat Fatah al-Sham" formerly "Jabhat al-Nusra" (banned in Russia) , Taliban (banned in Russia), Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia), Anti-Corruption Foundation (banned in Russia), Navalny Headquarters (banned in Russia), Facebook (banned in Russia), Instagram (banned in Russia), Meta (banned in Russia), Misanthropic Division (banned in Russia), Azov (banned in Russia), Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia), Aum Shinrikyo (banned in Russia), AUE (banned in Russia), UNA-UNSO (banned in Russia), Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (banned in Russia), Legion “Freedom of Russia” (armed formation, recognized as terrorist in the Russian Federation and banned)

“Non-profit organizations, unregistered public associations or individuals performing the functions of a foreign agent,” as well as media outlets performing the functions of a foreign agent: “Medusa”; "Voice of America"; "Realities"; "Present time"; "Radio Freedom"; Ponomarev Lev; Ponomarev Ilya; Savitskaya; Markelov; Kamalyagin; Apakhonchich; Makarevich; Dud; Gordon; Zhdanov; Medvedev; Fedorov; Mikhail Kasyanov; "Owl"; "Alliance of Doctors"; "RKK" "Levada Center"; "Memorial"; "Voice"; "Person and law"; "Rain"; "Mediazone"; "Deutsche Welle"; QMS "Caucasian Knot"; "Insider"; "New Newspaper"