In July 2017, most Newsconcerning the export of Russian weapons were associated with aviation and helicopter technology. However, they were not the most talked about news of this summer month. The greatest resonance was caused by the statement of the Turkish president that Ankara and Moscow reached an agreement and signed a contract for the supply of S-400 Triumph air defense systems to Turkey. Separately, it is worth noting the news of large deliveries tanks T-90S to Iraq (deliveries officially confirmed, the first batch has already been sent) and the signing of a preliminary agreement on the supply of arms of Saudi Arabia in the amount of $ 3,5 billion. Given the previously signed preliminary contracts with Saudi Arabia worth more than $ 20 billion, which ended in nothing, the new agreements should also be considered with a fair amount of skepticism regarding Riyadh.
Turkish President announces Triumph C-400 delivery agreement with Russia
July 25 TASS spread the words of Turkish President Erdogan, who spoke about the signing of certain documents by Ankara and Moscow under the agreement on the acquisition of Russian air defense systems C-400. The relevant statement of the Turkish leader previously quoted Turkish television channel Haber 7. “We have taken joint steps on this topic with Russia. Signatures are put, and, I hope, we will soon see C-400 complexes here in Turkey. We will also request the joint production of these anti-aircraft missile systems, ”Erdogan said, stressing that for years Turkey could not get what it needed from the United States on the issue of acquiring anti-aircraft missile systems and“ was forced to search. ” The acquisition of C-400 air defense systems from Russia is the fruit of these searches. Erdogan also noted that Greece, being a member of NATO, has been using the C-300 complex for many years, which did not cause concern to the United States.
General Joseph Dunford, who is the chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, said earlier that Washington would be alarmed by Turkey’s purchase of the Russian C-400 systems. The Turkish President, in turn, said that he did not understand why the US is concerned about the possible acquisition of C-400 complexes from Russia, pointing out that any country has the right to take certain steps aimed at ensuring its own security. At the same time, Vladimir Kozhin, Assistant to the President of Russia on military-technical cooperation issues, said that the contract for the delivery of C-400 air defense systems to Turkey was indeed agreed. The fact that negotiations between Moscow and Ankara on the acquisition of C-400 came to the final stage, earlier said other Turkish officials. Details of the contract (the number of supplied systems and their value) were not officially disclosed.
At the end of July, Pentagon spokesman Jeff Davis also spoke about the supply of Russian C-400 C-XNUMX to Turkey, who noted that the US military was concerned about the incompatibility of the Russian complexes that Turkey could acquire with NATO air defense systems. “In general, as for any of our partner and ally with whom we work (and we, of course, work with the Turkish side), we are always concerned about what they acquire. We want them to buy and invest in things that contribute to our union. ” Thus, the Pentagon criticized the Turkish decision, noting that he expects NATO countries to invest in the alliance systems.
Russia and Saudi Arabia are discussing the possibility of supplying weapons to 3,5 billion dollars
On Monday, July 10, Rostec CEO Sergei Chemezov said the Russian Federation and Saudi Arabia signed a preliminary agreement that provides for the supply of arms and equipment to Riyadh in the amount of $ 3,5 billion. Earlier, Moscow has repeatedly tried to enter weapons market of saudi arabia. Between the countries, packages of contracts worth up to $ 20 billion were discussed, however, unlike the United States, Russia never reached the stage of signing firm contracts. According to the newspaper "Kommersant”, This time it will be possible to understand the seriousness of Riyadh’s intentions following the visit of King Salman al-Saud to Moscow, which can take place before the end of 2017.
According to two top managers of enterprises of the Russian defense industry, even the initialing of such a substantial package of contracts does not give any guarantee in concluding firm agreements between the two countries. Over the past decade and a half, Riyadh has consistently shown interest in a fairly wide range of Russian-made military products (from the Mi-35M helicopters, the BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles, and the main T-90 battle tanks to the Antey-2500 and C-400 "Triumph"). In an interview with Kommersant, Sergey Chemezov said that the Saudis are constantly interested in the possibility of supplying the operational-tactical complex Iskander-E, but clarified that it falls into the list of products that are prohibited for export. And for the sake of Riyadh, Moscow will not make an exception. Previously, several times the countries have already managed to agree on a nomenclature of weapons, but Saudi Arabia did not sign legally binding documents, focusing on the purchase of weapons in the United States.
For example, during the May visit of the American President Donald Trump to Riyadh, the delivery of weapons worth almost 110 billion dollars was agreed, which, according to representatives of the White House, made this deal the largest for all history USA. According to some reports, the agreement signed by the parties provides for the supply of fighters, helicopter gunships, armored vehicles, air strikes, coastal warships and THAAD-type missile defense systems.
At the same time, the only Russian contract that was signed with Saudi Arabia was concluded in the mid-2000-s and provided for the supply of about 10 thousand AK-74M assault rifles that went into service with the Saudi police. Andrei Frolov, editor-in-chief of the Arms Export magazine, stressed that concluding new contracts with the Saudis for 3,5 billion dollars could be a major breakthrough for Russia in this arms market. However, he does not have confidence that this story will be brought to its logical end and the signing of firm agreements on the supply of weapons.
At the same time, Sergey Chemezov reminded reporters that about 5 years ago, Riyadh and Moscow had already discussed possible weapon contracts worth about 20 billions of dollars, but the matter did not go further. “Saudi Arabia didn’t buy anything then. If you call a spade a spade, they just played with Russia, saying: you do not supply Iran with the C-300 system, and we will acquire your weapon - tanks and other equipment. ” As a result, in 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin lifted a ban on 2010 of the year to supply Iran with C-300 air defense systems, and in 2016, Tehran received 4 C-300PMU-2 division worth at least one billion dollars.
Russia will supply China with 4 additional Mi-171E helicopters
20 July 2017 of the year within the framework of the MAKS-2017 international aerospace salon held in Moscow region Rosoboronexport (part of Rostec state corporation) signed a contract with China for the supply of an additional batch of Mi-171E transport helicopters. “We have signed a contract for the supply of an additional batch of Mi-171E transport helicopters and property to them in the PRC. Our Chinese partners will receive the 4 helicopter, the contract will be executed in 2018, ”Alexander Mikheev, who is the CEO of Rosoboronexport, told reporters.
The Mi-171E helicopter is a transport version of this type of helicopter, which is widely exported. This machine is in great demand all over the world. Mi-171E successfully operated in many countries of Southeast Asia, including in the People's Republic of China. Mi-171 helicopters are widely used in China for various purposes, including for transporting people from a disaster zone, transporting various cargoes, including medicines, building materials, and humanitarian aid. Alexander Mikheev also noted that within the framework of MAKS-2017, the parties signed a contract for the supply of 4-x modern VK-2500 helicopter engines, which can be installed on Mi-17-type helicopters as part of a retrofit. Engine supply is also scheduled for 2018 year.
As Rosoboronexport notes, over the past decade, Mi-17 helicopters have confidently held the lead in terms of supplies to the global helicopter market in the segment of medium military transport and multi-purpose helicopters. During this time, about 800 helicopters of this type have been exported, which exceeds the supply volumes of foreign analogues. In total, over the past 30 years, more than 4 thousands of helicopters of all types have been exported from our country, more than to 100 states of the world.
In addition to this contract, within the framework of the MAKS-2017 Aviation and Space Salon,Russian Helicopters”(Also part of Rostec State Corporation) entered into three contracts with the Chinese company United Helicopters International Group for the supply of 2017 civilian helicopters to 2018-10. It is reported that this company will receive medical Ansat 5 Russian helicopters, three Mi-171 helicopters in transport and two Ka-32A11BC helicopters, all of which will be transferred to operators in China in the future.
Delivery of a large shipment of T-90 to Iraq confirmed
The Iraqi armed forces are buying Russian main battle tanks T-90, which showed themselves well during the fighting in Syria. The fact of signing a contract between the Russian Federation and Iraq to the newspaper "News»Confirmed the assistant to the President of Russia on military-technical cooperation issues Vladimir Kozhin. In the expert environment, the contract for the supply of T-90 tanks is estimated at one billion dollars, and the number of tanks purchased is at several hundred.
In an interview with Izvestia, Vladimir Kozhin called the contract decent, noting that according to it the Iraqi military would receive a large batch of tanks. In this case, neither the number of purchased combat vehicles, nor the amount of the contract, he did not call. Earlier, the Ministry of Defense of Iraq already reported about the purchase of T-90 tanks, then it was a question of supplying more 70 tanks. According to Russian journalists, this is only the first batch of vehicles transferred to the Iraqi military, followed by several more shipments. The Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation does not hasten to disclose the details of the transaction.
According to representatives of the Russian expert environment, since the Soviet period, contracts for the supply of arms with Iraq suggest a large volume of supplied products and high added value. In this case, we can safely talk about the supply of several hundred tanks, and the amount of the contract may exceed one billion dollars. This contract is a great help for Uralvagonzavod. In addition, the signed contract is a serious foreign policy success of our country, as the Americans fought in Iraq, and the choice of the Iraqi military eventually stopped on the Russian tank, said Ruslan Pukhov, director of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies.
Earlier, JSC NPK Uralvagonzavod published the annual report for 2016 year. In this report, among the priorities for the 2017 year was the implementation of the contract with the customer “368” (Iraq) for the supply of the first batch of T-90С / СК tanks in the number of 73 machines. The same report contained information on the implementation in 2017 of the contract with the customer “704” (Vietnam) for the supply of 64 T-90С / СК tanks. News about the conclusion of a contract for the supply of T-90 tanks to Vietnam have not yet appeared in the Russian press.
Algeria is showing interest in Su-32 bombers (export version of Su-34)
According to the Algerian information website "MenaDefense”, The Algerian delegation, which visited the MAKS-2017 aerospace salon in Moscow, raised a very important question about the Su-32 bomber (export version of the Su-34), whose purchase has been postponed by the Algerian party for over a year. It is reported that Algeria has expressed the intention to acquire at least a squadron of these aircraft. As part of the Air Force of this North African country, they are designed to replace the Su-24MK bombers in service. As part of the exhibition, the participants of the Algerian delegation were able to inspect the Su-34 aircraft, as well as get detailed information about its characteristics.
If the contract between Russia and Algeria is still signed, this country will become the first foreign customer of the export version of the newest Russian front-line bomber Su-34. For the first time the information that Algeria is going to acquire Russian bombers appeared at the beginning of 2016. Then the site DefenseNews wrote that Algeria buys 12 Su-32 planes as part of the first contract worth 500 million dollars, and in total can order up to 40 planes of this type in Russia.
Russia is negotiating with Angola for the supply of additional Su-6K fighter jets
According to the newspaper "Kommersant»Russia and Angola are negotiating the acquisition of additional Su-6K fighter jets. In case of their successful completion, this African country will be able to increase its aviation fleet, and Russia - to get rid of the aircraft that were built as part of the Indian contract 30-1996. True, there are some difficulties. Back in 1998, Luanda contracted a squadron of these fighters, but so far has not received a single machine. At the same time, Russian officials insist that the contract with Angola is executed in accordance with the agreements.
The contract for the purchase of 12 18 former Indian fighter Su-30K was signed by Rosoboronexport in October 2013 year. However, the execution of this contract was delayed. Currently, it is assumed that all 12 aircraft that are being repaired and upgraded at the 558 aircraft repair plant in Baranavichy (Belarus) will be transferred to Angola during the 2017 year. The first modernized fighter rose to the sky in early February 2017 of the year.
Su-30K fighters (T-10PK) were “transitional” models built as the first 18 aircraft at the Irkutsk Aviation Plant of JSC “Irkut Corporation” for subsequent delivery to India under the Su-30МКИ program under the 1996 and 1998 agreements. The aircraft were delivered to India in 1997-1999, however, by agreement from 2005, they were returned by the Indian side of the Irkut Corporation in exchange for supplying India with 16 full-fledged Su-30KI fighters. In July 2011, all 18 returned by the Indian military aircraft Su-30K were transported to 558-th ARZ in Baranavichy, where they were deposited for resale, while remaining the property of Irkut Corporation. The fighters were not returned to Russia in order to avoid paying the corresponding import duties.
The fact that Belarusian and Russian specialists are actively searching for buyers on the 6 of the remaining Su-30K fighters stored in Belarus is told to Kommersant by sources in the aviation industry. Pavel Pinigin, the director of the 558 aircraft repair plant, who visited the MAKS-2017 air show in Zhukovsky, confirmed this. According to Pinigin, the search for a buyer is “it’s just a matter of time,” and “no problems arise in this.” In turn, the sources of the newspaper in the field of military-technical cooperation (MTC) stressed that negotiations on the supply of X-NUMX fighter jets Su-6K are conducted with Angola. Representatives of Rosoboronexport did not comment on this.
Russian arms exports. July 2017 of the year
- Yuferev Sergey