Military Review

Lithuania is “independent” and its political genetics. Part of 1

19
The book “Ours” by Ruta Vanaguay, published in Lithuania, made a lot of noise. The odiousness of this event is not even connected with the facts that are given in the book, but with the nationality of the author, quite famous in Lithuania. Well, just imagine, such a sweet nationalist-comprador Baltic swamp, every sandpiper and toad in its place, and there it is!


No, of course, I do not think that the writer's demarche that has been unleashed at least sober the Lithuanian fauna. In addition, it is common knowledge how wild the number of parasite funds and societies, the only efficiency of which is to politically lobby certain interests, warm their hands on the tragedy of the Holocaust (repression, air pollution, etc., etc.). The very fact of the amazing vitality of these desks tells us that the influence of such revelations is zero if the powerful people did not need informational support to promote their new trend. Especially since Mrs. Ruta did not write anything sensational.

But to pay attention, what led to the Lithuanian tragedy and what Lithuania represented before the Second World War, and in general what Lithuania is and what it is eaten with, is worth defining. Moreover, there are still two mutually exclusive opinions in our “patriotic” society. Either return Lithuania to the Russian Empire (Union, Federation, it doesn’t matter), destroy the Nazis with dust, and return Grybauskaite to the Hotel Pribaltiyskaya to perform their direct duties. Either pound this European frontier window to the fucking mother and not waste time and money on assenizatorsky work of this swamp. And he and the other approach is wrong. The first is for well-known reasons: from purely economic (unwillingness to charge a subsidized splinter of the Union, in which industry is almost killed) to such irritable little things as membership in the EU and NATO bases. The second is purely for geographical reasons, if Lithuania were pushed somewhere between Honduras and Nicaragua, then the question of priority would be solved by itself.

Lithuania is “independent” and its political genetics. Part of 1


Lithuanian dictator Antanas Smetona (sometimes his name is indicated - Smyatona)

Until June, 1940, when an additional contingent of Soviet troops was introduced into the Baltic States, in Lithuania, as in a “democratic European state,” Antanas Smetona ruled quite dictatorially. In the 1926 year of December 17, having carried out a military coup, Smetona sat confidently on the Lithuanian throne in Kaunas. Despite the fact that the modern capital Vilnius was occupied by the Poles (who are often for some reason called the “victims” of the war), and the Klaipeda region by the Germans. The confidence of his board rested on the State Security Police, which was part of the Department of State Security along with the criminal police.



Signing the agreement on the transfer of Klaipeda to Germany, present to Lithuanian Foreign Minister Urbshis and German Foreign Minister von Ribbentrop

The state security police carried out very peculiar functions. According to the testimony of Augustinas Povilaitis, Director of the State Security Department, from 1934 to 1940, given to him by the Soviet authorities, the state security police mainly fought with political parties and groups whose activities were contrary to state laws (forbidding a whole list of parties) or just the principles of order that dictated and implemented by President Smetona. In general, such a normal dictatorial baton. Moreover, the persecution of dissidents took place both in a judicial and administrative procedure. Thus, even administrative bodies, at their own discretion, could impose “socially dangerous” persons in the institutions of forced labor (another euphemism from which concentration camp ears protrude).



With the face of an agreeable clerk in front of you, Augustinas Povilaitis, Director of the State Security Department, Smetona's assistant and a confidant at the RSHA

Naturally, socialists and communists, as well as ethnic minorities, for example, Poles, were subject to persecution for obvious reasons. Nationalist sentiment surrounded Smetona were generally held in high esteem. But otherwise, if Smetona himself was the leader of the Union of Lithuanian Nationalists. Naturally, other ambitious Lithuanians did not lag behind him, joining this Union. For example, Povilas Meshkauskas, head of the press department (long live freedom of speech!) Of the Lithuanian State Security Department, distinguished himself, by the way, in the most active cooperation with the German RSHA, and during the Nazi occupation continued to engage in "educational" activities under the occupation administration.

By the way, this historical atavism (the Union of Lithuanian Nationalists) blows air on the Baltic seaside even now. Dust shook off him in 1989 Rimantas Matulis mass entertainer from the folk song club Raskila. Ironically, this political tautology even warmed a distant relative of Smetona - Rimantas Smetona. So everything is in order with political genetics there, the same rake stubbornly pounding on the same Lithuanian forehead, though our political elites sometimes do not mind jumping on them.

It is worth noting that the persecution of the Communist Party on the territory of Lithuania was obviously manic in nature with charming notes of nationalism, because behind every Communist there was either a Russian barbarian or a cunning Jew hiding. At the same time, the number of “party” communists (in quotation marks, since the party was in an illegal situation and accessory was sometimes appropriated according to its own conclusions) detained only 5 years before joining the USSR exceeded 5,5 thousand people. At the same time, the Communist Party provoked sympathy among the masses, but, probably, a certain mistrust, as the state security police flooded the ranks of the “communists” with their agents with the corresponding attractive function “knock” on the negligent neighbor. According to the testimony of the same Povilaitis, the wife of the secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Lithuania Sprindis, Stas Trakomite, was tied up with the secret agent-informant of the Department of State Security. In general, the scale of "inspires."

However, strangely enough, the populist phrase “an atmosphere of hatred and fear” is never used in this terrarium of sex-souls. While Lithuania, in the trend of European Russophobia, everything will rebound from it, as from teflon.

But what did the rest of Lithuania do? It did not consist, in fact, only of those who donated, who planted and those who already sat? Alas, the rest of Lithuania was the headache of Mr. Smetona, which he treated by the Union of Nationalists and the Department of State Security. Yes, Lithuania bade farewell to serfdom, formally gained independence, was also formally considered democratic, but ... The comprador government of Smetona, overgrown with national complexes and constantly “looking in the mouth” to Europe, naturally built “farm” type capitalism. Former landowners, and now “farmers”, and the factory owners mostly supported the Smetona regime, and he reciprocated them.

For example, in Lithuania, as in a backward agrarian country, the majority of the population, more than 70%, lived in the countryside. Of course, there was a surplus of workers, and therefore, you can pay a miser. Therefore, while in the 1930-31 years, agricultural workers received 400-500 Litas per year, in 1932, the authorities issue the “Regulatory Employment Conditions”, which allow to reduce the salary to 175 Litas. Of course, even the farm landowners knew mathematics, so the race was recorded in the Union of Nationalists. Therefore, each act of disobedience of farm hands has now been considered in a political context. Like, aren't you a Communist for an hour, my dear?

In the case of strikes or the blocking of roads (such things happened with despair), the peasants and farm laborers were severely suppressed. Often the police did not disdain the use of weaponsby just shooting strikers.



Former Lithuanian President Kazys Grinius

Smetona's predecessor, Kazis Grinius, whom Antanas dared to hell, at one time sounded the bell as a member of the Lithuanian Peoples Union. Kazys surveyed 150 farms: 76% of peasants wear wooden shoes, 19% of women do not use soap, and 95 from 150 surveyed families found parasites. Not only that, only 2% of people surveyed eat meat every day, and 40% cannot afford it at all. At the same time 19% of children are dying before they become a year old.

In the cities, the situation was not much better. Lithuanian industry at that time consisted of no more than 1200 enterprises, besides 80% of them were artisanal workshops with 5-15 workers. City "lords" also bought a political "chip", especially among the proletariat. Therefore, low wages could be irregular, and working conditions left much to be desired, to say the least. Strikes of the capital workers have become an annual phenomenon. In 1931, a perpetual strike began at the weaving mill in Birzai. The biggest strike was the general strike in Kaunas, joined by the whole working Lithuania, in 1936 year. It all started with the fact that Kranauskas sawmill, desperate from hopeless poverty and landowner labor conditions, shot his master and shot himself.

This event was the last straw. The funeral of Kranauskas turned into a major strike, but now the proletariat has openly made political demands. Naturally, the Communist Party of Lithuania, as an alternative to the current government, joined the strike movement. One of the well-known activists of the proletarian movement became a member of the KPL, Leib Solomin, who later became a party cadre and teacher in the Kaunas Polytechnic Institute in Soviet Lithuania, during the war he led the anti-fascist underground.

The authorities blocked the streets, banned all mass gatherings, flooded the streets of Kaunas with additional police forces, arrests began. It came to the erection of barricades against police forces and shootings. The police did not hesitate to just shoot the workers.

As a result, Smetona became even more firmly established on the bayonets of the state security police, the incomes of large industrialists within Lithuania, and, of course, nationalists who considered themselves “patriots”. Therefore, the atmosphere of hatred and terry Nazism was only cultivated. Moreover, there were always “working” hands to stifle the political opposition. Rural boys with zero education, an empty stomach and an absolute absence of paid work were glad to be ready to “make some money”, especially when they were told that they were engaged in a patriotic business. Therefore, the facts presented by Ruta Vanagayte are the logical conclusion of the political life of pre-war Lithuania.

The same Leib Solomin is simply a historical bridge to the reasons that led to such tragic events of the Nazi occupation of Lithuania. The number of targets that Leiba put on is simply awesome. For state security, Solomin, a native of Lithuanian Jonava, is an enemy because he is a communist and “ambassador” of Soviet Russia. For the Nazis, he is the enemy, because he is a Jew, and since the Communist is a “Russian Jew.” For the Lithuanian church, that is, priests, he is just a devil in the flesh, again, because a Jew, and even a Communist, that is, an atheist. Smetonovsky regime and the Lithuanian church prepared a wonderful ground for mobilizing punitive. By the way, a memorial plaque dedicated to Solomin in Kaunas was immediately dismantled after Lithuania left the USSR.



Antanas Smetona surrounded by dignitaries and church representatives

But all this does not prevent the court historians of Vilnius with sectarian efforts by the Hare Krishnas to repeat the history of the prosperity and robbery of free Lithuania by the barbarian Union. If we summarize the whole truth of the life of Smetonovskoy Lithuania, then this formal republic resembled a cluttered (literally) farm with two unresolved territorial conflicts, a complete lack of industrial potential, an illiterate mainly rural population, an inflated staff of scammers, an old landowner structure and deep class segregation. At the same time, the Soviet authorities still had to convey to the farmers that hatred of the landowners, in truth, should not be the foundation in order to break out into the landlords of the same breed by any means possible. Because the impenetrable farm psychology is explained by the phrase from the comedy “For Two Hares” - “here you will marry the rich, you will pander yourself”. And territorial conflicts were more than specific. After the occupation of Vilnius, the Entente reimbursed this loss to Klaipeda, which at that time was Memel - an absolutely German city built by the Livonian knights back in 1252. However, after the Vilnius Union returned to Lithuania from Klaipeda, no one was going to refuse. This even annoyed the Germans, who pressed Memel back, despite the fact that the Smetona’s team did not even dare to go to the toilet without the permission of Berlin.

To be continued
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  1. Basil50
    Basil50 4 August 2017 05: 56
    +10
    In the Baltic countries in the 40th year, almost the same thing happened as in CRIMEA in 2014.
    As soon as the population had the opportunity, all dwarf dictators and their henchmen were immediately replaced by a UNIVERSAL VOTING with the Democrats and urgently joined the SOVIET UNION. In general, they did not fail, they were all SOVIET UNION rebuilt both industry and even shipbuilding.
    The fact that the descendants of those who fled with the Nazis and then successfully waited in the USA are in power in the Baltic states today. Well, of course, for them * the light in the window * will be both their own and German Nazis. The phenomenon is that there already, and the population begins to believe in the pre-war * paradise * and in its own election and in the obligation of RUSSIA to support the Baltic states.
    How is this possible? It seems like there were people there, and with education and fools it wasn’t that too much?
    1. avva2012
      avva2012 4 August 2017 08: 00
      +8
      How is this possible? It seems like there were people there, and with education and fools it wasn’t that too much?

      It seems to me that the author perfectly explained the reason for the "phenomenon".
      .... the Soviet authorities still had to convey to the farmers that hatred of the landlords, in truth, should not be the foundation in order to break out into the landlords of the same breed by any means possible. Because the impenetrable farm psychology is explained by the phrase from the comedy “For Two Hares” - “here you will marry the rich, you will pander yourself”

      Not knocked out. The USSR stepped on the same rake as the Republic of Ingushetia with the Principality of Finland, made the Baltic States a "showcase" where language, the culture of zhemites, and self-awareness developed. So they developed it.
      1. antivirus
        antivirus 4 August 2017 11: 14
        0
        A resident of Lithuania: "in the early 90's they got out again from the farms. And the academicians were pushed back"
        1. avva2012
          avva2012 4 August 2017 11: 54
          +2
          Maybe I'm wrong, but being in the Commonwealth led to the outflow of passionaries to the side of Poland / the European world, and indeed, at least some active people. Considering that even then a part of the population called itself Litvins, and not zhameyts, it had a more privileged position without confusing itself with the current descendants of the farms. Understanding that being determines consciousness, then living precisely with farms, what other self-consciousness can we talk about besides what we are seeing now? And where can the current Lithuanian historians have a different view, acre of this:
          ...... with sectarian diligence of the Hare Krishnas to repeat the history of the prosperity and robbery of free Lithuania by the barbarian Union. If we summarize the whole truth of the life of Smetonovskaya Lithuania, then this formal republic resembled a wrecked (literally) farm ....
          1. seacap
            seacap 25 August 2017 15: 08
            +1
            In fact, the direct heirs of the Polish-Lithuanian princedom are Belarusians, the modern territory of Lithuania was a remote province inhabited by 2 semi-wild tribes, very small in number. The state language in the Polish-Lithuanian state was West Slovenian Old Russian, similar to modern Belarusian.
            1. avva2012
              avva2012 25 August 2017 16: 43
              +1
              I think that modern Belarusians have little to do with the Polish-Lithuanian principality. First of all, by culture. Modern attempts to draw parallels with that time, for any nation, are just the efforts of nationalists. Man has not changed, but the world is radical, so there is no such principality and its descendants naturally.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 4 August 2017 07: 52
    +7
    The author sternly walked through the "proud and democratic" Lithuania of that time .. You see, by 1940 all of Europe was studded with "democratic" regimes ... in Portugal, Spain, Estonia, Latvia, Italy, Romania, Hungary and others. In France and England such there wasn’t unbridled democracy, there used to be “democratic” supporters of the German Fuhrer marching, well, rallies would be arranged ... it’s so nonsense ... And they weren’t bloody at all .. Well, they’ll bleed the hell out of commies, that's fine ... But the most " the bloody totalitarian "regime was certainly in the USSR ... Against which, on June 22.06.1941, XNUMX, the whole of Europe was democratic, the pipe called on a campaign ... Thank you for the article, we look forward to continuing ...
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 4 August 2017 10: 04
      +6
      Quote: parusnik
      And they weren’t bloody at all .. Well, they’ll let blood go to hell with the commies, this is normal ... But of course the most "bloody totalitarian" regime was in the USSR ... Against which, on 22.06.1941, the whole of Europe was democratic, the pipe called on a campaign. ..

      Strongly you went through the proud "DEMOCRATIC" regimes of that time. But they do not deserve another.
      Quote: Vasily50
      The phenomenon is that there already, and the population begins to believe in the pre-war * paradise * and in their own election and the obligation of RUSSIA to support the Baltic states.
      How is this possible? It seems like there were people there, and with education and fools it wasn’t that too much?

      Alas. It was such "smart and educated", not only the Baltic states, during, sometime since 1985, adherents of the "Gorbachev's new thinking" who traveled to remote regions of the USSR with their ideas. And attempts to repulse stumbled upon the documents of the CPSU Central Committee, such as they are from the ideological department and the texts of their lectures were agreed with the Central Committee.
      1. Army soldier2
        Army soldier2 4 August 2017 11: 48
        +1
        The topic is interesting, but it seems to me that the author chose the style of presentation incorrectly. Sarcasm and sterning are more suitable for feuilleton. And consider Lithuania, and the rest of the Baltic states in the interwar period should be from the position of that time, and not today.
        They, of course, byak, but exactly in those same years, Marshal Tukhachevsky watered the gas of the rebellious peasants. Communists were fought in all European countries on the simple basis that the Comintern was preparing a world revolution.
        Moreover, there are still two mutually exclusive opinions in our "patriotic" society. Or return Lithuania to the Russian Empire (Union, Federation, it does not matter), etch the Nazis with dust, and Gribauskaite return to the Pribaltiyskaya hotel for the performance of their direct duties. Or to hammer this European border window to the damn mother and not waste time and money on the cesspool work of this swamp.

        Well, the author opened my eyes to the existence of such approaches in our society. I did not suspect their existence.
        1. MrK
          MrK 4 August 2017 13: 29
          +6
          Quote: Army 2
          They, of course, byak, but exactly in those same years, Marshal Tukhachevsky watered the gas of the rebellious peasants.


          On 2 of August 1921 of the year, red artillery, by order of Tukhachevsky, fired 59 of chemical shells on the island of Such Dubki. After that, the Soviet units combed the island. The only thing they found there was three horses tied to trees. Which did not suffer.
          Quote: Army 2
          Communists were fought in all European countries on the simple basis that the Comintern was preparing a world revolution.


          From the book of Alexander Kurlandchik: “Damned” Soviet power ... on Proza.ru.
          … For now, let’s digress and for the sake of cognition, let's see what Europe was in the 1934 year. And wherever you look, there is no place for a faint-hearted intellectual.
          In Poland, as you know, back in 1926, Marshal Pilsudski staged a coup. Frankly, I personally do not dare to condemn him for this. The Poles, with their centuries-old history, alas, have proved that it is enough to leave them without a firm hand, as they, in the pursuit of liberties, will arrange such that at least they carry the saints. No wonder the noblest nobleman Hugo Kollontai said a long time ago: “The Poles do not know how to fight. But rebel! ”To the very point. Before Pilsudsky’s arrival, 112 parties were enthusiastically buzzing in the parliament, and the right-wing extremist killed the country's president, a scientist with the European name Narutovich.
          Albania. There, the dearest man Ahmed Zogu came to power and soon declared himself king - they say that ancient royal blood flows in his veins. Since gloomy guys always hung around him, hung with Mausers and scimitars, no one was particularly eager to conduct a blood test for royal blue, we had to take a word.
          Bulgaria. Since 1923, the regime of Dr. Tsankov, which other pessimists call the “fascist dictatorship”, ruled there.
          Greece. A series of military coups. Then General Metaxas came, dispersed everyone and said that from now on he would be Bonaparte alone, and if anyone else applied for this honorable position, he would wash himself with tears.
          Romania. At first, there was a miracle, something remotely similar to democracy. Prime Minister Duka unbelted to the point that he began to pursue an anti-German policy. But in 1933, he was met on the platform by three sullen Romanians and amicably dragged pistols from his pockets. And the premiere did not. The sullen ones were from the Iron Guard - local attack aircraft. And Marshal Antonescu came to power, and showed that he would not be spoiled.
          In Hungary silence - the former imperial admiral Horthy dictates there a long time ago, and Hungary is officially called the "monarchy", with a crown in the coat of arms, although there is no monarch on the throne. And there is no throne. Horthy explains to everyone that he, you know, is the locum tenens. Someday, nevertheless, he will elevate to the throne a very simple monarch. In the meantime - to stand - to be afraid!
          In Yugoslavia - military coups. In that same thirty-fourth in France, in Marseilles, the terrorist shot the pistol of the King of Yugoslavia, Alexander I and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthe. There was a multi-way combination here: the terrorist is a Croatian separatist, Italian intelligence officers supervised him, but they blessed him for a wet business on the instructions of not his superiors (Mussolini was then more important than good relations with France), but of the Abwebrians, on whom the aforementioned Italians worked.
          Austria. The communists flock with the Social Democrats there. They tried to make a coup, but lost. Then the Nazis took up the same enterprise. They in Austria were clearly divided into two camps - pro-Italian and pro-German (Mussolini climbed into Austria so seriously that he almost declared war on Hitler once). The pro-German Nazis failed the coup, but managed to hit Chancellor Dolphus (also a Nazi, but pro-Italian). Such are the theoretical differences.
          In almost all European countries, fascist dictatorship ruled. And there is nothing surprising in the fact that the Comintern wanted to overthrow it.
          1. voyaka uh
            voyaka uh 6 August 2017 10: 32
            +1
            "In almost all European countries, fascist dictatorship ruled.
            And there is nothing surprising in the fact that the Comintern wanted to overthrow it. "///

            The Communist International, just did not contact the dictatorships: the dictators are cruel, they immediately crush the Communists.
            The Comintern chose those weak bourgeois countries as "weak links" where there were no dictatorships. There are preparing the Communist Parties, underground armed cells.
            1. avva2012
              avva2012 6 August 2017 13: 18
              0
              Therefore, the two most powerful communist parties were in Germany and Italy, right?
  3. Kenxnumx
    Kenxnumx 4 August 2017 10: 53
    0
    I watched a gorgeous Lithuanian film zero 3. About the peculiarities of Lithuanian politics. RECOMMEND
  4. Operator
    Operator 4 August 2017 16: 22
    +1
    40% of the population of Lithuania are descendants of the Slavs (carriers of the Aryan haplogroup R1a), other 40% are descendants of the Ugro-Finns (N1c1). At the same time, the Slavs came to the Baltic states in the 2 millennium BC, and the Ugro-Finns - in the 1 millennium BC

    Look at the photo of Antanas Smetona - spilled Anton Smetana bully
    1. knn54
      knn54 25 August 2017 14: 42
      0
      Dear Colleague, I agree. The Lithuanians (kindred to Belarusians) were Slavs, and present-day Lithuania is the former Zemaitiya and has nothing to do with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania ...
      1. Operator
        Operator 25 August 2017 19: 03
        0
        Quote: knn54
        Lithuanians (related to Belarusians) were Slavs

        Only half (the second half - ugrofinny).
  5. The comment was deleted.
    1. Eastern wind
      4 August 2017 22: 23
      +2
      The explosion of the "bunch" of your satisfaction ... read me more often!
      1. KuzmichDP
        KuzmichDP 5 August 2017 16: 02
        0
        Many thanks for the article, very capacious - a little in the volume of the text, but very informative, intelligible and understandable! I look forward to continuing the cycle. P.S. Also about other Baltic sisters in the inter-war period. hi
  6. iouris
    iouris 4 August 2017 23: 11
    +3
    The picture of pre-war Lithuania is, on the whole, objective, although the anonymous author clearly skewed towards agitation. It is not necessary. Since in states such as Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Romania, and Ukraine, the ideological heirs of collaborators of the German Fuhrer are in power, such states should be considered heirs of Nazi allies, and not the victors in World War II. Those. war losers of crimes against humanity. This deprives them of their legal right to territorial acquisitions (in addition, received from Stalin). In short, one way or another, sooner or later, in connection with the fact that Gorbi and Yelts did, they will have to somehow re-fight that war.