Military Review

Singer of the sea and Russian glory. To the 200 anniversary of Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky

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Singer of the sea and Russian glory. To the 200 anniversary of Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky



200 years ago, 17 (29) July, the great artist Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky was born. As is the case with all outstanding artists, his work (and this is about 6 thousands of paintings) reflects a variety of topics. But, above all, Aivazovsky is known as a singer of the sea. As a marine painter, and also - a battleista.

The sea is not only landscapes of incredible beauty, pleasing to the eye of anyone who looks into the endless attracting distance. This is also one of the most important sources of military glory of Russia, the arena of numerous battles and great victories of the Russian fleet.

On the canvases of Ivan Konstantinovich - the sea in all its manifestations: either calm, terrible, stormy; that day, the mysterious night; now peaceful, then in flames of a fierce battle ... Armenian by origin, Aivazovsky, became an artist of world importance, who glorified not only the beauty of the Russian shores, but also the valor of the Russian people; capturing heroic pages stories Russia.

The future painter was born in Feodosia, in the family of the Armenian merchant Gevork (Konstantin) Ayvazian, who wrote his surname in the Polish manner: Gayvazovsky. At birth, the boy received the name of Hovhannes (however, he became known to the whole world under the Russian name: Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky: the artist considered himself inextricably linked precisely with Russian culture).

Talent Aivazovsky began to manifest itself from an early age. The boy was greatly impressed by the uprising of the people of Greece (1821-1829): the image of this uprising caught Hovhannes’s eyes, and he not only carefully examined them, but also redrawn them. In addition, he was fond of playing the violin.

I must say that Father Hovhannes (Ivan), despite the fact that he was a merchant, was not a rich man. After the epidemic of plague 1812, he went bankrupt, and the family experienced great financial difficulties. The talented boy often lacked even paper, and then he drew coal on the walls of houses. Once such a picture of his saw Feodosia mayor Alexander Kaznacheev. This man played an important role in the fate of Aivazovsky: thanks to him, the young artist had the opportunity to learn. In particular, the architect Jacob Koch, who helped Ivan in every way, gave him paint and paper. When Kaznacheyev was appointed governor of Tavria and transferred to Simferopol, he took the young man with him and helped him enter the Simferopol gymnasium.

In August 1833, Aivazovsky arrived in St. Petersburg, where he entered the Imperial Academy of Arts (thanks to the same Kaznacheev, he was credited to the public account). He studied first with landscape painter Maxim Vorobiev. After the first success of the young painter, he took the disciples of the French marine painter Philip Tanner. Unfortunately, Tanner was not the most decent teacher: he wanted to use Ivan only as his assistant and forbade him to work independently. Despite this ban, Aivazovsky ventured to present five of his works at the exhibition of the Academy of Arts in 1836. Tanner, who envied the pupil, did not find anything better than to complain to the Tsar, Nicholas I. He ordered to remove the paintings of Aivazovsky from the exhibition. The artist fell into disgrace. However, many influential people stood up for him, including the fabulist poet Ivan Krylov.

Thanks to the intercession, the artist was able to continue his education. Six months after the unpleasant history, he was assigned to the class of battle-painting, where he studied with Alexander Zauerveyd. When the young man had to study for two years, he was sent to this time to his homeland - to the Crimea - to improve his skills.

Aivazovsky painted not only landscapes. He had the opportunity to personally attend military operations in the valley of the river Shah. There he was inspired by the painting “The Landing of the Detachment in the Subashi Valley”, which Nicholas I personally bought. After that, the emperor wanted Ivan Konstantinovich to sing the feats of the Russian fleet, and patronize him. In the 1839 year, returning to the capital, Aivazovsky received not only a certificate, but also a personal nobility. Then numerous trips abroad began: to Italy, Switzerland, France, Holland, England, Spain, Portugal ... Wherever he went, his works were highly valued everywhere and were marked by awards.

In 1844, returning to Russia, 27-year-old Aivazovsky became the painter of the Main Naval Staff. In 1845, he decided to settle in his native Theodosia, having built a house on the embankment of this city. Now it houses the main museum of the artist - the famous art gallery, which is mainly famous for this city.

In 1846, the painter went on an expedition led by F. Litke to the shores of Asia Minor. He was impressed with Constantinople and dedicated several canvases to this city.

When the Crimean War began, Aivazovsky went into the thick of things - to besieged Sevastopol. There he organized exhibitions of his works, trying to maintain the morale of the defenders. Subsequently, the defense of this heroic city will be the plot of his paintings. The artist refused to leave Sevastopol, despite the fact that it was becoming more and more dangerous there. He believed that, as a painter of the Main Naval Staff, should be exactly where the fateful battle is fought. Admiral Kornilov, who wanted to save a talented person’s life, even had to issue a special order for Aivazovsky to leave. As a result, he went to Kharkov, where his spouse and daughters were at that moment. On the way, he learned the tragic news of the death of Kornilov.

“Navarinsky fight”, “Chesmensky fight”, “Sinopsky fight” (on this subject there are two pictures with Aivazovsky - day and night), “Brig“ Mercury ”after the victory over two Turkish ships”, “Vyborg sea battle”, “Ship” Empress Maria "during a storm", "The Siege of Sevastopol", "The Capture of Sevastopol", "Malakhov Kurgan" ... You can write a separate article about each of these canvases. And it’s better to just admire how masterfully the artist depicts not only the greatness of the sea, not only the power and beauty of the ships, but also the heroism of the Russian people fighting the elements and the enemies.

For his native Theodosia, Aivazovsky did a lot - he opened an art school there, took care of the construction of a concert hall, a library, and led archaeological excavations. Later, due to the fact that Theodosians experienced difficulties with water - the artist-philanthropist with his own money built a fountain with drinking water in the city. He also contributed to the construction of the railway Theodosius - Dzhankoy, as well as buildings for the museum of antiquities on Mount Mithridates (unfortunately, during the Great Patriotic War, the Nazis destroyed the museum).

Aivazovsky died on the 83 year of life, in the spring of 1900 of the year, until the last time he was working on the picture “Ship Blast”. So, unfinished, it is located in the Feodosia gallery ...

Unfortunately, the 200 anniversary of the birth of Aivazovsky was not without political speculation. The notorious non-president of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, declared that the great marine marine painter and battle-painter was ... a Ukrainian artist. I tried to privatize a great name and use it for my own political purposes. However, nothing will come of this "grabbing". Aivazovsky is a global value, but most of all it is connected with Russia. He was glorified by the Russian fleet, who all there poroshenki and others like them tried to drive out of Sevastopol (somehow, those who accuse Russia of “annexing the Crimea” are silent about this).

How correctly responded to the trick Poroshenko senator Alexei Pushkov, "The only canvas Aivazovsky, which is related to Poroshenko and his legacy, is the "Ninth Wave". And he is already approaching».

And about what country Aivazovsky felt like a patriot, best said he himself: "Every victory of our troops on land or at sea makes me glad as Russian in the soul and gives a thought as an artist to depict it on the canvas "

(Illustration - picture by I.K.Aivazovsky “Malakhov Kurgan”, dedicated to the memory of Admiral V.A. Kornilov)
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  1. Spartanez300
    Spartanez300 1 August 2017 05: 56
    +6
    The most brilliant artist and patriot of his homeland, and not this potential ukropovsky degenerate, with his dirty hands, touch the glorious name of the Russian creator. hi
    1. 210ox
      210ox 1 August 2017 06: 01
      +2
      How so?! Ukronedoumki Russian Great Artist ranked as "their" ...
      Quote: Spartanez300
      The most brilliant artist and patriot of his homeland, and not this potential ukropovsky degenerate, with his dirty hands, touch the glorious name of the Russian creator.
      1. Monarchist
        Monarchist 1 August 2017 18: 18
        +1
        210 OKW, but did you forget how Poroshenko participated in the hostilities in the deep rear? Looks like he had enough and blurted out that he farted in a puddle
  2. Same lech
    Same lech 1 August 2017 06: 06
    +4
    Aivazovsky’s creativity will outlive us all ... it is not subject to time and political moment.
    In fact, looking at the picture NINTH SHAFT you understand how fragile human life is in front of the violence and power of mother nature and she is absolutely indifferent to politicians of all stripes and ranks at all times. what
    1. 210ox
      210ox 1 August 2017 06: 21
      +2
      Of course this is so. It is disgusting that the artist wants to attract the idiots from Kiev. What does politics and creativity have to do with it?
      Quote: The same Lech
      Aivazovsky’s creativity will outlive us all ... it is not subject to time and political moment.
      In fact, looking at the picture NINTH SHAFT you understand how fragile human life is in front of the violence and power of mother nature and she is absolutely indifferent to politicians of all stripes and ranks at all times. what
    2. g1v2
      g1v2 1 August 2017 12: 33
      +5
      This year I went to Moscow in the Tretyakov Gallery purely for the sake of one picture - the Rainbow that hangs there.
      In my opinion, his greatest thing.
  3. moskowit
    moskowit 1 August 2017 06: 20
    +8
    For the first time he learned about the childhood of the Great Artist from Ershov’s book “Vitya Korobkov, Partisan Pioneer”. The hero of the book, a native of Feodosia, possessed the talent of an artist. Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky was his idol. An art studio was organized at Theodosia Art Gallery, where Viktor studied before the war. Maybe, do not die in the fight against fascism, the young Hero Viktor Korobkov and he would become a great artist, a marine painter!
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 1 August 2017 07: 29
    +5
    In our town, at the museum there was not a large art gallery, there were two paintings by I.K. Aivazovsky and paintings by other Russian artists, during the German occupation they did not have time to take them out, they hid them .. Someone gave out who hid, they shot ... Pictures gone ..
  5. Curious
    Curious 1 August 2017 09: 36
    +10
    And Aivazovsky also had a favorite grandson, Kostya. Kostya spent several years in his grandfather’s house and was present at the mystery of the birth of paintings (this was only allowed for children), and the best thing, “Among the Waves,” appeared before his eyes.
    This grandson is none other than the outstanding Russian pilot and artist Konstantin Arceulov. As a pilot, the first in the world to win a corkscrew, many know Arceulov, but less as an artist, although many probably saw his works.
    In art, he continued the maritime and aviation topics, as a graphic artist he collaborated in technical magazines: Vestnik Vozduh Fleet, Wings of the Fatherland, Soviet Warrior, Technique of Youth, worked a lot in book graphics.
    Back in 1913, the twenty-two-year-old artist Artseulov proved to be not only an excellent illustrator, but also a subtle expert on the Crimean nature, life and customs of the peoples inhabiting the peninsula. The circle of his creative interests covered a lot: marine subjects, aviation, science fiction. The first significant achievement in the field of book graphics was the illustration in 1914 of the collection of "Legends of Crimea" by N. Marx.
    He illustrated the books: “Sinop battle” by S. Sergeyev-Tsensky, “Bonfires on the hills” by A. Musatov, “Wings of the Motherland” by A. Gumilevsky, “Serving the Motherland” by I. Kozhedub, “Polar Pilot” by M. Vodopyanov, “Stories of the aircraft designer "A. Yakovleva.
    An interesting point. Arceulov’s paintings “Storm” (oil, canvas, 1918) and “Sea” (oil, canvas, 1918) dated back to 1898 for a long time and were attributed to his grandfather I. Aivazovsky. The authorship of these works was established in 1962 by experts from the Simferopol painting of the gallery and confirmed by the author.
    Such is the creative continuity.
    In details.
    (http://kimmeria.com/kimmeria/feodosiya/museum_ga
    llery_artceulov.htm)
    1. Monarchist
      Monarchist 1 August 2017 18: 29
      +1
      I once saw Vodopyanov’s book and read “Fig. Arceulov”, but I had no idea that Artseulov was Aivazovsky’s grandson and famous pilot, one of the same person.
      The fact that Konstantin Artseulov was a good illustrator already deserves respect, and he is a multifaceted person
  6. svp67
    svp67 1 August 2017 12: 10
    +3
    To understand how MUCH he is great, one must visit his gallery, in the Crimea. There, in the halls it smells of the sea, and when you look at the paintings, you catch yourself thinking that you are looking out the window ... The greatest TALENT. Armenian, Crimean - - Russian land
    1. Curious
      Curious 1 August 2017 12: 29
      +3
      Yes, his "Among the Waves" penetrates to the core.
    2. Karen
      Karen 1 August 2017 12: 40
      +1
      Legend has it that when on the seashore the Artist painted paintings with ships, the sailors standing next to them spoke about the crew being executed by the sailors.
      1. Curious
        Curious 1 August 2017 13: 12
        +5
        I don’t know about the legend, but the fact that on the advice and patronage of the court artist Sauerweid Aivazovsky was doing summer practice on the ships of the Baltic Fleet is a fact. So he did not know these commands, he had experience in their implementation.

        By the way, during his 2-year stay in Italy, Aivazovsky became so popular that after his departure to his homeland in Roman souvenir shops, a myriad of paintings with sea landscapes appeared. Cunning artists tried to make money on the name of the famous marine painter, posing as his work for his work.
        1. Monarchist
          Monarchist 1 August 2017 18: 34
          +1
          For the first time I learned about it. Honestly, apart from the main milestones, I know little about pro-Aivazovsky that I know
          1. Curious
            Curious 1 August 2017 18: 42
            +1
            Man is truly unique. If interested, a good article is http://cameralabs.org/10387-kak-ajvazovskij-sozda
            val-svoi-kartiny-i-kak-pravilno-smotret-chtoby-na
            sladitsya-ego-shedevrami-v-polnoj-mere.
  7. igordok
    igordok 1 August 2017 13: 15
    +2
    Even in the Pskov Museum several paintings by Aivazovsky


    "Surf. 1897 year."
    "Moonlit night in Crimea. 1862 g."
    Aivazovsky's several small works are also in the windows of the art gallery: “The Storm” (paper, pencil, white; 12,5 x 19,5, signed), “Moonlit Night” (wood, oil; 15,5x21, signed, dated 1876 year), “Sunset over Monaco "(cardboard, oil; 8x11)," Calm "(Paper, gouache; 22x31,5; signed, dated 1881 year).
    1. Karen
      Karen 1 August 2017 13: 58
      0
      And yet - there was an attempt by British intelligence ...
  8. Monarchist
    Monarchist 1 August 2017 18: 35
    +1
    Quote: Karen
    And yet - there was an attempt by British intelligence ...

    From now on, please in more detail
    1. Curious
      Curious 1 August 2017 19: 10
      +2
      Our fun time is distinguished, first of all, in that it offers to look at literally everything in a new way. The so-called alternative points of view are expressed everywhere. And the tendency to expose everyone and everything has become just a disease of the century for some and a way of earning for others.
      According to some particularly vigilant and quick-witted individuals, the future artist was born into a family of oligarchs who owned Theodosius, and then became a military topographer, struggling as an English spy. This explains the prosperity of the artist, who spent his whole life drawing coasts that nobody needs, that is, he did topographic surveys for the British before the Crimean War. Another version of the origin of the artist’s wealth is that he simply robbed the mounds in the vicinity of Feodosia. Gold was smelted and exported by sea to Italy. These and similar discrepancies roam the Internet and serve as food for numerous herds of online hamsters.
      1. elenagromova
        1 August 2017 19: 16
        0
        The fantasy of some people, of course, is “rich,” but “useless shores” is still beyond the limits ...
      2. Monarchist
        Monarchist 2 August 2017 15: 47
        +1
        You have the correct definition: Internet hamsters, and there are Internet ferrets
  9. andrewkor
    andrewkor 1 August 2017 18: 51
    +1
    I was lucky to have a rest in Feodosia to visit the Aivazovsky Museum! There is a hall reserved for foreign marine painters, well, they can not be compared with Aivazovsky! Of course, these are not world masterpieces, but the school is visible.
  10. Karen
    Karen 1 August 2017 20: 24
    +1
    Quote: Monarchist
    Quote: Karen
    And yet - there was an attempt by British intelligence ...

    From now on, please in more detail

    There was an attempt to recruit him ... moreover, they went too far insolent ... well, he sent those away and informed those who needed it.
    ________
    Resting in those parts, I learned from the guide the story of another Great Artist - Vereshchagin. When there was no coal and firewood left on the ship, he gave his paintings to be thrown into the furnace - they ran away from the pursuit. It hurts for the Masters. And he died later in the sea, with Makarov, his close friend.
    1. Curious
      Curious 1 August 2017 23: 39
      +2
      "When there was no coal and firewood left on the ship, he gave his paintings to be thrown into the firebox - they ran away from the pursuit."
      The guide was evidently a great lyricist and did not think at all in the ships.
      Even taking into account the fact that Vereshchagin’s participation in the literature in such marine pursuits was not noted.
      Consider a practical example. From 1898 to 1902 destroyers of the Trout type were built for the RIF. Displacement full 312 tons. Those. small boat. Port_Arthur carried a sentinel service. Coal consumption per 1 mile - 49 kg at 12 knots, 45 kg at 15 knots, 65 kg at 17 knots. Sea mile - 1852 m. Knot - mile per hour. at a speed of 17 knots (maximum 26), it is necessary to throw into the furnaces of four boilers every 3,5 minutes. 65 kg coal.
      The question is how many paintings Vereshchagin carried with him. Suppose he took 200 kg of his paintings into the sea. Even if the calorific value of his picture is equal to coal, in fact, two times less) - this is 10 minutes of an economical move.
      If you imagine a passenger ship with its fire chambers - a sheet of copybook thrown into the oven - you will see the result. So not all guides should be trusted.
      1. Karen
        Karen 2 August 2017 07: 03
        0
        Small clarification. The event, which the guide spoke about, is connected with the Black Sea. And definitely with a small passenger ship. So about 200 paintings could have been Vereshchagin.
        1. Karen
          Karen 2 August 2017 07: 22
          +1
          Google’s first request showed lines like: "... I turned to the passengers with a request to give my personal belongings and gave his paintings as an example ..."
          1. Curious
            Curious 2 August 2017 08: 32
            +2
            Reset link.
            1. Monarchist
              Monarchist 2 August 2017 15: 56
              0
              Curios, I don’t want to offend our comrade Karen, but it looks like it’s April Fool’s.
              If the parachute ran out of coal, and you urgently need to swim used a tree.
  11. Military Builder
    Military Builder 2 August 2017 11: 38
    0
    Three of my favorite Russian artists:
    Aivazovsky I.K.
    Shishkin I.I.
    Vereshchagin V.V.
    1. Monarchist
      Monarchist 2 August 2017 16: 09
      0
      I would add Levitan, but in fact in the 19th century there were many TALENTED ARTISTS and writers.
      I have long been interested in the question: Why is 20 menia rich in talents?
      1. Curious
        Curious 2 August 2017 17: 50
        +2
        I am Fedor Vasiliev !?

        39 paintings only in the Tretyakov Gallery. And the person lived for only 23 years !!!
        You say the XNUMXth century is less talented. If we take some fundamental works of art, then in the XNUMXst century there are no talents at all. Philosophical question. Something has changed in society. It cannot be that talented people are not born. But talent remains unclaimed. But LGBT people are overwhelming. Where are we going, here?
  12. Catherine II
    Catherine II 2 August 2017 15: 42
    0
    Poroshenko wrote about respect for our heritage (somewhere his logic is similar to the fact that we are all Russian, and so here he is right, but he has his own logic. smile .)
    Aivazovsky brilliant marine painter ... I saw his work, read a lot about them ...
    An exhibition of works by the famous marine painter Ivan Aivazovsky has opened in the Odessa Art Museum. More than 20 works of the artist were prepared for viewing from the museum funds. Many of them are exhibited for the first time. Most of the landscapes are dedicated to the Crimea and the Black Sea. However, one work is definitely connected with Odessa - this is a portrait of Pushkin in Odessa. By the way, Pushkin is present at yet another work by Aivazovsky at the exposition.

    25 paintings and several graphic works are presented at the exposition dedicated to the bicentennial anniversary of the scientist, archaeologist, public figure, honorary member of the Odessa Association of History and Antiquities (1871) Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (Hovhannes Ayvazyan, 1817 - 1900). It was he who first introduced the practice of personal exhibitions in the 19 century, and donated the proceeds to charity.

    For example, students of the Odessa drawing school or the Armenians and Greeks who suffered from the Ottoman massacre in Constantinople.

    Ivan Aivazovsky, living in Feodosia at his own expense, built a water supply system, which is still valid today, as well as paying house owners for refusing to finish building the third floor in new houses, so as not to spoil the architectural ensemble of the city.

    "The sea is my life," said the great marine painter, who created over the course of his life 3 thousand from one source and 6 thousand from others, which sing the songs of the sea.

    As Sergei Sedykh, deputy director for research, said: “These are all originals, many of which have not been exhibited at all. Graphic works are very valuable. The theme“ Aivazovsky and Odessa ”has been studied very little and today you will not find a single book on this subject. we didn’t live permanently, but his 4 daughters, his grandchildren lived here. Many works disappeared from our museum during World War II, but were then returned. There is something to study here. And now our English colleagues have set about creating such a catalog. Perhaps they will master this horn, ”S. Sedykh noted.
  13. Monarchist
    Monarchist 2 August 2017 16: 04
    0
    Quote: Karen
    Google’s first request showed lines like: "... I turned to the passengers with a request to give my personal belongings and gave his paintings as an example ..."

    Logically, it happened that what happened happened no later than 1877. At that time there was a hell of a lot of wood at the crossings: furniture, cabin doors, deck. Even on Aurora, the deck was lined with wood, and as you know, it was built later.
    1. Curious
      Curious 2 August 2017 17: 42
      +2
      In June 1877, Vereshchagin was seriously injured. He asked for an observer aboard the destroyer “Joke”, which was installing mines on the Danube. During the attack on the Turkish ship, the Turks fired at them and a stray bullet pierced through the thigh. I almost did not stay without a leg. And he destroyed his paintings. But for ideological reasons. But I didn’t hear about the firebox.
  14. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 2 August 2017 20: 27
    +3
    It only remains to add that Aivazovsky's wonderful talent would not manifest itself in all its beauty and splendor if Ivan Konstantinovich were not so curious, susceptible to the new, would not strive to improve his skills by applying modern new technical means, new materials and methods of work. Here and became readily available synthetic dyes of industrial production (previously used natural, they had to be ground themselves, mixed with oils, etc., which took a lot of time and effort), and the invention of the tube for paints (before the paint was poured into pig bladders that tied with a string and pierced to squeeze out a bit of paint, plugging it with a nail), flat artistic brushes made of pig and bull bristles in a metal case (before that brushes were round, made of soft sable fur stick to the thread, a portable easel (he's allowed to get out of the workshops and work in the open air), and much, much more. He is interested in photography, she played the violin and sang beautifully.

    Perhaps someone will be new to find out that Aivazovsky was a true zealot of the Armenian Apostolic Church, one of the oldest, by the way, Christian churches. The Armenian Christian community was also in Feodosia.
    Aivazovsky's older brother Sargis (Gabriel) became a monk, then an archbishop and an outstanding Armenian enlightener.

    When Aivazovsky was as young as 65 years old, he fell in love. And he fell in love very boyishly - at first sight and in the circumstances that were least likely to have romance. He rode in a carriage through the streets of Feodosia and crossed over with a funeral procession, which included a young beautiful woman draped in black. The artist believed that in his native Theodosia he knew everyone by name, but he seemed to see her for the first time and didn’t even know who she was for the deceased — her daughter, sister, wife. Inquiries: it turned out - a widow. 25 years. Name is Anna Sarkizova, nee Burnazyan.

    Anna Sarkizova survived in Feodosia and World War I, and the revolution, and the Civil War, and famine, and devastation ... The Great Patriotic War began, the city was evacuated, but it was completely forgotten. In order not to die of hunger, she exchanged jewels that had survived after the expropriation for bread and cereals. With the departure of the enemy, having learned of her deprivations, the artist Nikolai Samokish took her to Simferopol.

    Anna Aivazovskaya-Burnazyan passed away on July 25 1944, at the age of 88. Grateful Theodosians decided not to separate the spouses after death: Anna Nikitichna was buried next to her husband - in the square of the Armenian church of St. Sargis, in which they were crowned.
    1. Karen
      Karen 2 August 2017 21: 53
      +1
      Apparently, the truth is somewhere there, next to this :)
      "Burnt" paintings

      Another popular story about Vereshchagin is his burning in the furnace of a steamboat paintings of the Abkhaz period.

      “In Escher, Vereshchagin painted a number of paintings on Abkhazian themes for the upcoming solo exhibition in Odessa,” Pachulia writes. “They were loaded onto a steamboat. However, in Novorossiysk, during a stop on the roadstead, a strong hurricane tore the ship off the anchor and carried it to the open sea The fuel ran out, the ship and 50 passengers were in the grip of the elements. Urgent measures had to be taken. On the advice of Vereshchagin, the wooden structures of the ship went into the furnace of the ship. th luggage, setting an example myself. So, in the name of saving the ship, the paintings were donated. "

      “There was such a case,” says Lyubov Malikova, head of the Vereshchagin’s house-museum in Cherepovets. - Similar actions in general in the spirit of Vasily Vasilievich. That's just the picture he would not burn. Most likely, subframes flew into the furnace.

      The son in his memoirs tells this story differently. According to him, when the ship left Sukhum, it began to be carried away by a storm into the open sea. During the struggle with the elements, coal ended. He was barely enough to reach Novorossiysk in good weather. Vereshchagin invited the captain to deploy the ship and sail to Turkey so that the storm would push the ship. The wooden parts of the ship went into the furnace. There is no mention of paintings at all. Vianor Pachulia writes that he met with the artist’s son in Czechoslovakia and quotes his words: “Father loved Abkhazia and often painted local residents. Unfortunately, many of his works have been lost.” Lost, not burned.

      By the way, two Abkhazian drawings of Vasily Vereshchagin still managed to find. They are not dated and are called the same "Abkhazian".