Military Review

Liquidation of the "Mongol God", Cheka operation 1923

68
Liquidation of the "Mongol God", Cheka operation 1923



In St. Petersburg Kunstkamera for more than 90 years stored a terrible exhibit. He has never been put on public display and is unlikely to ever be exposed. In the inventory, it is listed as the "Mongolian head." But the museum staff knows much more and if they wish, they will tell you that this is the head of Ja-Lama, who was considered a living god in Mongolia in the early 20th century.

Chinese revolution

The great Manchurian Qing dynasty, which ruled China since 1911, reeled in 1644. In the south of the province, one after another, they announced their withdrawal from the Qing Empire and passed into the camp of supporters of the republican form of government. In the blood of the civil war, the future PRC was born.

But the north was not a monolith. 1 December 1911, the Mongols announced the creation of their independent state. The head of the Mongolian Buddhists, the Bogd Gegen, became the Great Khan. Crowds of nomads surrounded the capital of the Khovd province and demanded that the Chinese governor recognize the authority of Bogd Gegen. The governor refused. The siege began. The city stood firmly, all the assault attempts fought back with heavy losses for the attackers.

This continued until August 1912, until Dambidzhaltsan, aka Ja-Lama, whom the Mongols worshiped as a living god, appeared under the walls.

Descendant of Amursan

For the first time, a native of the Astrakhan province, Dambidzhaltsan, appeared in Mongolia in the year 1890. 30-year-old Kalmyk presented himself as the grandson of Amursana - the legendary Dzungarian prince, the leader of the liberation movement in Mongolia in the middle of the XVIII century.

The "grandson of Amursan" walked around Mongolia, scolded the Chinese and called for struggle against the conquerors. The Chinese seized the troublemaker and wanted to execute, but to their displeasure it turned out to be a Russian subject. The authorities handed over the arrested Russian consul and asked to be taken back to him and preferably forever. The consul sent the failed leader of the popular uprising on foot to Russia.

Ja-Lama, hero of Khovd, lord of Western Mongolia

In 1910, Dambidzhaltsan reappeared in Mongolia, not as a descendant of Amursan, but as Ja-Lama. Within a few months, he recruited several thousand admirers, started a guerrilla war against the Chinese, and became not just one of the most authoritative field commanders, but an object of faith and worship of thousands and thousands of people. There were legends about his invulnerability, songs about his learning and holiness.

Under the walls of Khovd, he appeared with a detachment of several thousand horsemen. Finding out from the defector that the city’s defenders lacked ammunition, he ordered several thousand camels to be driven in, tied a burning fuse to each tail and drove them at night under the walls.

The spectacle was not for the faint of heart. The Chinese opened fire. When the roar of firing began to subside (the defenders began to run out of ammunition) Ja-Lama led his warriors to the assault.

The city was taken and plundered. The descendants of Genghis Khan massacred the entire Chinese population of Khovd. Ja-Lama made a solemn public ceremony of consecration of his battle flag. Five prisoners of the Chinese were slaughtered, Ja-Lama personally pulled out their hearts and drew bloody symbols on them. The grateful Bogda Gegen awarded the conqueror Hovd with the title of Holy Prince and appointed governor of Western Mongolia.

In his inheritance, Jah-Lama began to introduce the rules and customs of the Middle Ages. Over the year, more than 100 noble Mongols were killed, and even simple ones without an account. The Holy Prince personally tortured the captives, cut off the skin from their backs, cut off the unhappy noses and ears, squeezed out his eyes, poured molten tar into the blood-soaked eye sockets of the victims.

The Bogd Gegen did not touch all these atrocities, but Ja-Lama increasingly showed his disobedience to the Great Khan, gradually turning Western Mongolia into a separate state. The Bogd Gegen appealed to the aid of the northern neighbor, Russia.

Peripetias of fate

Russia absolutely did not care what was happening on the other side of its border. Not only is civil war going on in China, the gangster state is also forming and getting stronger right before our eyes. Togo and not looking today or tomorrow will begin the raids of the heirs of the Golden Horde for a tribute.

Therefore, in February, 1914, a hundred Transbaikalian Cossacks, went on an expedition to Western Mongolia and, without losing a single person, brought the invincible Jha-Lama to Tomsk, “killing hordes of enemies with one glance. Mongol god sent into exile under the supervision of the police in his native Astrakhan. On this could end история This adventurer, but the revolution broke out.

In January, 1918, when no one in Astrakhan was concerned with the exiled Kalmyk (street fighting was going on in the city), Dambidzhaltsan collected things and headed east to distant Mongolia. In Mongolia, at that time, complete chaos reigned: dozens of gangs living in robbery and robbery were walking along the steppe. With the arrival of Ja-Lama, they became one more.

State of Ja Lama

Taking into account the experience of 1914, Jah Lama in Dzungaria, with the help of slaves, built the Tenpay-Baishin fortress. The garrison made up the 300 of well-armed warriors. And in each camp, at the call of the holy lama, hundreds of men were ready to stand under his banners. The main source of income for the “state” was the looting of caravans.

At that time, detachments of the Chinese, Baron Ungern, and the red Suhe-Bator, walked around the Mongolian steppes to and fro. Ja-Lama fought with all and did not belong to anyone, seeking to retain the status of a feudal ruler.

In 1921, the government in the country, with the support of Moscow, took the People’s Government of Mongolia. Gradually, it took control of remote areas of the country. In 1922, the turn reached the territory controlled by Jah-Lama. October 7 State Internal Security Service (Mongolian Cheka) received a document that began with the words "top secret". It was an order for the liquidation of Jallama.

Joint operation of the fraternal intelligence services

At first they wanted to lure him to Urga. A letter was sent to Tenpay-Baishin proposing that Ja-lama accept the post of Minister of Western Mongolia with the granting of unlimited powers over the entire territory under its control. For the solemn ceremony of the transfer of power, the terrible saint was invited to the capital. The cautious Jamala refused to go to Urga, but asked to send plenipotentiaries to him along with all the documents.

A government delegation went to Western Mongolia. Indeed, high-ranking officials were heading it: the head of the Mongolian intelligence service, Baldandorzh, and a prominent warlord, Nanzan. Another member of the delegation was a man in the form of a first-rank official — this was Kalmyk Khartiuk, an adviser to Soviet Russia in the intelligence department. These three and led the operation.

Death of the mongolian god

Ja-Lama agreed to let only a few people into his fortress, and directly meet only two. Send Nanzan-bator and Cyric (soldier) Dugar-Bace. The red ambassadors presented themselves as loyal admirers of Ja-Lama, and on the second day the sovereign of Western Mongolia trusted so much that he let the guards go.

Then Dugar knelt down and asked for a holy blessing. When the lama raised his hand, the cyric gripped his wrists. Behind Ja-lama, Nanzan snatched a revolver and fired a llama in the back of the head. Having jumped out into the street, Urgi's envoys fired shots into the air, gave a signal to their comrades that it was time to proceed to the second part of the operation - to seize the fortress and eliminate the gangster nest.

Tenpay-Baishin was captured in a few minutes and without shots. The death of the living god shocked the soldiers of the garrison so much that they did not offer the slightest resistance. All the inhabitants of the fortress were gathered in the square, several of the closest Jana-lamas were immediately shot. Then they lit a fire on which burned the remains of someone who, as it was believed, ate the leaves of the tree of life that gives immortality in his youth.

The worshipers of the terrible saint were ordered to go home, declaring that their god was a mere mortal, and a bandit. The next day, the detachment left the fortress. At the head, the Cyric rode, with the head of Ja-Lama on his peak.

For a long time they drove their heads all over Mongolia: “Here he is, the formidable Ja-Lama, who was defeated by the people's government!” .

Songs and tales about the exploits of Ja-Lama are still alive in Mongolia. How this is simultaneously combined with the stories about his atrocities we do not understand. East is a delicate matter.

The article was posted on the website 2017-07-24
Author:
68 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. ImPerts
    ImPerts 24 July 2017 06: 48
    +8
    East is a delicate matter...
    1. nnz226
      nnz226 10 November 2020 21: 26
      +2
      Brilliant phrase! Became an aphorism!
  2. Moskovit
    Moskovit 24 July 2017 07: 09
    12
    Any fighter with the Chinese at the Mongols immediately became a hero. And Ungern was at one time too ....
    1. Stirbjorn
      Stirbjorn 10 November 2020 07: 51
      +2
      Quote: Moskovit
      Any fighter with the Chinese at the Mongols immediately became a hero. And Ungern was at one time too ....

      Well, Ungern, in fact, freed the Mongols from the Chinese. And then the Soviet government, under the pretext of fighting it, essentially took the young Mongolian state under its protectorate. And so it would be the Chinese province of Outer Mongolia. And so China only has Inner Mongolia hi
      1. gsev
        gsev 12 November 2020 12: 13
        -1
        Quote: Stirbjorn
        And then the Soviet government, under the pretext of fighting it, essentially took the young Mongolian state under its protectorate.

        Ungern attacked Soviet Russia. Therefore, the Red Army went to Mongolia. Ungern was unable to enter his troops with the appetite of former landowners and Cossacks. Poor Mongolia was unable for a long time to support the army of Ungern, as they used to live in Russia. Therefore, Ungern went to war with the Red Army and to his own destruction.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 24 July 2017 07: 17
    +4
    Dambidzhaltsan, in 1900, was allegedly a conductor of the expedition of P.K. Kozlov to the province of Kam in Tibet.
  4. captain
    captain 24 July 2017 08: 32
    +5
    And what kind of people does not give birth to the Russian land.
    1. Yeti
      Yeti 24 July 2017 22: 27
      +8
      It should be noted that the whole planet gives birth. Always different. Well, the Russian land has always given birth to not the worst representatives of mankind.))) It’s interesting that Poroshenko or Trchinov’s heads will ever be seen in the Kunst chamber, at least as the head of a Mongol?))))))))))))))
      1. DiKoff
        DiKoff 25 July 2017 09: 30
        +3
        hardly, after the explosion, little remains))
      2. Grenader
        Grenader 25 July 2017 10: 58
        10
        Quote: Yeti
        It’s interesting, but will we ever see the heads of Poroshenko or Trchinov in the Kunst chamber, at least as the head of a Mongol?))))))))))))))

        I'd like to see Gorbachev’s head.
        1. Sibguest
          Sibguest 10 November 2020 08: 58
          +4
          ... Chubais, Grfa, Siluanov and other libers ...
          1. SARANCHA1976
            SARANCHA1976 10 November 2020 18: 01
            +5
            Who told you that they are liberals? This concept has long been defiled and perverted, and they are just thieves and enemies of the people
            1. Sibguest
              Sibguest 11 November 2020 08: 33
              +1
              Hello
              Read the classics, including Marxism-Leninism: liberalism has always been one of the worst socio-political views in the social life of a developed society.
              1. SARANCHA1976
                SARANCHA1976 13 November 2020 11: 56
                0
                So this is about developed
  5. midshipman
    midshipman 24 July 2017 10: 42
    +4
    In the 80s, often had to be in Mongolia. The first time with three generals we went to the local history museum in Ulan Bator. A portrait of Genghis Khan hung on the front staircase. We wanted to photograph him, but a representative of the General Staff of Mongolia warned us that this was forbidden. And you are talking about the head of the Mongolian God. God he is God, he is worshiped and honored only. I have the honor.
    1. combat192
      combat192 24 July 2017 20: 13
      +4
      But before the end of 1990 in the central square of Ulan Bator there was a monument to I.V. Stalin. By the way, it was dismantled almost with military honors.
      1. Dmitry Belebentsev_2
        Dmitry Belebentsev_2 25 July 2017 13: 29
        +2
        The monument to I.V. Stalin in Ulan Bator also stood near the garrison House of Officers.
    2. Niel-le-Calais
      Niel-le-Calais 10 November 2020 11: 45
      0
      Quote: midshipman
      We wanted to take a picture of him, but the representative of the General Staff of Mongolia warned us that it is forbidden to do this.

      In the Hermitage, we were forbidden to shoot one very valuable painting (I will keep silent, who knows, they will guess)
      They replied that the flash destroys the picture.
      Bright light destroys some of the paint substances.
      Perhaps the reason is this, and not some kind of ritual.
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Vladimir Mamkin
    Vladimir Mamkin 24 July 2017 17: 29
    +2
    An instructive article, it is necessary to acquaint Poroshenko can understand what awaits him
    1. infantryman2020
      infantryman2020 28 July 2017 08: 38
      0
      It seems that the mention in the comments of Ukrainians / Ukrainians "neither to the village, nor to the city" is for paid forum participants a prerequisite for receiving a fee.
      1. Niel-le-Calais
        Niel-le-Calais 10 November 2020 11: 47
        0
        Quote: infantryman2020
        is a prerequisite for paid forum participants when receiving a fee.

        payment for breeding holivar in various topics (not only Ukrainian) has long been included in the duties. Perhaps not even paid.
  8. Kirgoudou
    Kirgoudou 24 July 2017 17: 30
    +1
    Interesting. - Broadened his horizons. )))
  9. Orang
    Orang 24 July 2017 17: 41
    +5
    To whom it is interesting in more detail about Dzha-lama, Ungern. Ataman Semenov I recommend the book Terrible Mahakals of the East Author: Inessa Lomakina
  10. Julio Jurenito
    Julio Jurenito 25 July 2017 09: 00
    +3
    Forgotten pages of history. Respect to the author!
  11. Klim podkova
    25 July 2017 18: 56
    +7
    Thank you all for the comments. It's nice to know that someone likes my writing.
    1. Petr7
      Petr7 10 August 2017 18: 59
      0
      short and clear and very convenient for reposts in VK
  12. Glory to Berkut
    Glory to Berkut 26 July 2017 16: 31
    +1
    “Here it is, the formidable Ja-lama, whom the people's government defeated!”

    Now it’s clear why the Ukrainian junta banned the Communist Party. They don’t want their Bosch on forks to travel Europe laughing
  13. Vladimir K
    Vladimir K 26 August 2017 08: 53
    0
    The whole history of Russia has to cleanse the Earth from bandits, then eastern, then western. And "civilized Europeans" cannot accept this cleansing role of Russia.
  14. Peter Ivanov
    Peter Ivanov 25 January 2019 17: 33
    0
    The Legacy of Our Great October Socialist! If not for it and the MPR, there would have been no Mongolia in general, as a state, most likely.
  15. The comment was deleted.
  16. Free wind
    Free wind 10 November 2020 08: 57
    +2
    It is interesting, of course, only that the Mongols should shun cities. Kalmykia was renamed and subordinated several times, but this pretzel was brought to Astrakhan. I wonder who in those days was interested in who was whose subject. Did he really have a passport. And the Chinese were afraid. So the Chinese jackals in our country often. And then, having captured him, on the way to Astrakhan, the Cossacks could shoot him 40 times. Although to tell the truth for our country, in principle, he did not a bad thing. It is quite possible that Mongolia would have remained Chinese, just a guess.
  17. Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 10 November 2020 09: 15
    +4
    The article casually mentions Baron Ungern von Sternberg, in the views of the Mongols, too, the embodiment of the god of war, Jamsaran.
    By the way, if I am not mistaken, Ungern and Semyonov, in 1916, served under the command of Wrangel in the cavalry corps on the Southwestern Front.
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 10 November 2020 10: 45
      +7
      We made a film about the events of that time. There, the baron, converting to the Buddhist faith, in the temple kissed a leper. Then, after the ceremony, being left alone with the adjutant, he took from him a flask of pure alcohol, sipped it from his throat, spat and said: "Well, now hold on, brothers in faith!" smile
      Sorry, I don't remember the name of the movie.
      1. Lynx2000
        Lynx2000 10 November 2020 11: 04
        +3
        Quote: Sea Cat
        We made a film about the events of that time.
        Sorry, I don't remember the name of the movie.

        In which region?
        In those days, they more or less knew about Lepru in Europe that it is not transmitted when touched.
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 10 November 2020 11: 11
          +6
          In which region?

          I don’t know, most likely Inner Mongolia, and actually a feature film. But after kissing that face that was shown in the film, it was impossible not to drink, no matter how you treat Lepré. laughing
          1. Lynx2000
            Lynx2000 10 November 2020 11: 57
            +2
            Quote: Sea Cat

            I don’t know, most likely Inner Mongolia, and actually a feature film. laughing

            I saw the film "The Wandering Front". There is also the movie "Exodus".
            My father went to Mongolia, only through the Tashanta checkpoint (Gorny Altai).
            As a child, I thought that the film "The Lost Expedition" with Kaidanovsky, Simonova, Kikabidze was about Ardybash's gold about the events near Lake Teletskoye (the village of Artybash), but no. And there is gold on those rivers ... yes
      2. Phil77
        Phil77 10 November 2020 16: 00
        +4
        Hi Konstantin!
        Film of '68 * Exodus *
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 10 November 2020 16: 13
          +3
          Precisely, I saw Zamansky - I immediately remembered.
          Hello, Sergey! hi
          1. Phil77
            Phil77 10 November 2020 18: 06
            +2
            Exactly! And Alexander Lemberg in the role of the baron. hi
      3. cat Rusich
        cat Rusich 10 November 2020 19: 56
        +3
        Film 1968 "Exodus". Maybe he is ?
        1968 Exodus
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 10 November 2020 20: 08
          +2
          It looks like it was him.
          1. cat Rusich
            cat Rusich 10 November 2020 20: 34
            +4
            There is also the 1928 film "The Descendant of Genghis Khan", about the Mongol Bair in whose hands the "letter of the descendant of Genghis Khan" fell into Mongolia - a "limited contingent" of the British army enters Mongolia, first the invaders entice the "descendant of Genghis Khan", then "naturally" "the descendant will see clearly" and goes over to the side of simple arats - at the end of the film Bair on a horse with a saber bald heads the horse lava ... The film is Mute, I watched it on TV for a long time, but today you can watch it on the Internet
            1928 Descendant of Genghis Khan
            I recommend watching the good old classics.
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 10 November 2020 20: 50
              +2
              I saw it in my childhood, but somehow it didn’t postpone.
    2. ee2100
      ee2100 10 November 2020 12: 50
      +3
      The personality of Baron Ungern is very colorful! I read about 10 years ago a book about his life, naturally not fiction.
      What a time such people are!
    3. napalm
      napalm 11 November 2020 16: 54
      0
      Yes, their god, but such a fierce monster that the Mongols tied him up and threw him into the steppe. And the Red Army men found, and then tried.
  18. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 10 November 2020 10: 29
    +4
    Okay, let's read the archives! Moderators are definitely a plus!
    1. Daniil Konovalenko
      Daniil Konovalenko 10 November 2020 11: 23
      +5
      My comment about the archives of what was removed? laughing It turns out a crisis of the genre. laughing
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 10 November 2020 11: 54
        +4
        Quote: Daniil Konovalenko
        My comment about the archives of what was removed? laughing It turns out a crisis of the genre. laughing

        There is such, do not take it to heart!
        1. Daniil Konovalenko
          Daniil Konovalenko 10 November 2020 12: 23
          +4
          This is not the point, if the editors decided to publish the archives, add a subtitle ..
          1. depressant
            depressant 10 November 2020 16: 46
            +3
            So I bought it!)))
            She began to read - briefly, bitingly, interestingly, but maliciously, with a tinge of malice, it immediately came to mind: is there also Professor Dowell's head in the Kunstkamera? And then I saw that there was no way to comment. Is it a ban? I'm used to them)))
            But, looking through the comments, I saw familiar faces with the ability to fumble, informing the world about my ignorance, which I am doing.
            I expected everything from the Mongols, but not such transcendental cruelty. I have a Soviet idea about them)))
  19. Gvardeetz77
    Gvardeetz77 10 November 2020 11: 05
    +2
    And this is in what is considered the most peaceful religion, people with great pleasure cut each other in belts ...
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 10 November 2020 11: 13
      +5
      And people with any religion and even without the presence of it always gladly dismissed each other on belts. hi
    2. Lynx2000
      Lynx2000 11 November 2020 00: 42
      0
      Quote: Gvardeetz77
      And this is in what is considered the most peaceful religion, people with great pleasure cut each other in belts ...

      Mongolia has a kind of symbiosis of Buddhism and Tengrism, as well as shamanism.
      From the point of view of Buddhism or Christianity, customs may seem cruel, in the Mongolian sense they will be commonplace.
  20. Niel-le-Calais
    Niel-le-Calais 10 November 2020 11: 49
    +2
    the method of liquidation is of course sneaky.
    But given the importance, and remembering how the necessary people were eliminated in the history of mankind ..
    A common example of human society.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 10 November 2020 11: 56
      +5
      Quote: Niel-le-Calais
      the method of liquidation is of course sneaky.
      But given the importance, and remembering how the necessary people were eliminated in the history of mankind ..
      A common example of human society.

      The choice is simple, banal and angry - either one or a hundred !!! This is the paradigm!
      1. Niel-le-Calais
        Niel-le-Calais 10 November 2020 11: 58
        0
        Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
        The choice is simple, banal and angry - either one or a hundred !!! This is the paradigm!

        approached to complete the task. Condemn or admire everyone's cause. But these are just emotions.
        Everything in life can be.
    2. Daniil Konovalenko
      Daniil Konovalenko 10 November 2020 12: 22
      +3
      Can you give an example of noble liquidation?
  21. Slipper 2
    Slipper 2 10 November 2020 14: 50
    +1
    That head had a strong hypnosis during life, and therefore was awarded a place in the museum after death
    Transbaikalia remembers all of them ... Semyonov, Unger and the geek dressmaker Tubanikha ..: by the way, the Mongols were able to hack only fairly taking on the chest, such as protection from hypnosis drinks
  22. parusnik
    parusnik 10 November 2020 17: 27
    +4
    Hmm, leafing through the old pages, already some kind of nostalgia .. The editorial board, can you make such a heading, due to the shortage of authors?
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 10 November 2020 18: 33
      +2
      Quote: parusnik
      leafing through old pages, already some kind of nostalgia ..

      And it was! In some Soviet newspaper there was such a heading * Leafing through old pages. * I remembered! Yes! This is * Evening Moscow *. laughing
      1. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 10 November 2020 20: 56
        +2
        Leafing through old pages.

        This heading was in the Seeker magazine, an appendix to the Around the World magazine.
        1. Phil77
          Phil77 10 November 2020 20: 58
          +2
          I don’t argue, but there was such a heading in * Evening *.
          1. Aviator_
            Aviator_ 10 November 2020 21: 08
            +1
            May be. Didn't read the evening.
          2. Aviator_
            Aviator_ 10 November 2020 21: 12
            +2
            Here, I found some old material
            1. Phil77
              Phil77 10 November 2020 21: 18
              +2
              Quote: Aviator_
              Here, I found some old material


              And it is coming out now. But before ... subscribing to it was for happiness !!!
              1. Aviator_
                Aviator_ 10 November 2020 21: 40
                +2
                Its level by the 80s has decreased compared to the 60s. Or maybe it was me who grew up.
                1. Doliva63
                  Doliva63 11 November 2020 18: 15
                  +2
                  Quote: Aviator_
                  Its level by the 80s has decreased compared to the 60s. Or maybe it was me who grew up.

                  I had all the Seekers from the 60s to 81, when I became a military man. The best, in my opinion, are the first half of the 70s.
  23. The eye of the crying
    The eye of the crying 11 November 2020 21: 43
    0
    In the inventory it is listed as "the head of the Mongol"


    After being shot in the back of the head, this is at best "half a Mongol head"
  24. RoTTor
    RoTTor 12 November 2020 20: 55
    0
    One of the largest experts on this topic, a wonderful Russian historian and writer Leonid YUZEFOVICH in the FB commented on this publication:

    Leonid Yuzefovich:
    This is a crude and stupid retelling of the book "The Head of the Ja-Lama" by a wonderful Petersburg Mongolist and my good friend Inessa Ivanovna Lomakina (1930-2007). Without reference to the source, of course.