Military Review

10 countries that refused military conscription for the last 5 years

18
Today, the armies of all the former allies of the USSR in Europe are professional. Unlike Russia. In Russia, the decision on the gradual transition from the draft army to the contract army was secured in 2000 by two decisions of the RF Security Council. The real term when the Russian army was to become professional was considered the 2010 year.


Only in the 21st century, at least 20 states around the world refused the call, most of them in Europe. Since 2001, the call has ceased to exist in France and Spain, in 2004, the first of the former Warsaw Pact member countries was abandoned by Hungary, and in the united Germany from last year a moratorium on the appeal was introduced. Before you are 10 countries whose armed forces refused to be recruited after 2005.

10 countries that refused military conscription for the last 5 years

1. Macedonia (2006 year)

The Macedonian army as an independent armed force emerged in the 1992 year after the collapse of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and inherited not only part of its arsenal (albeit a very small one), but also the draft principle of recruitment. However, the fighting during the Balkan war quickly proved to the country's leadership that the draftees were much less effective military force than the professionals.


2. Montenegro (2006 year)

Mandatory military appeal in Montenegro was canceled immediately after the country declared its independence. However, the Montenegrin army, which, after all the reforms, should have no more than 2500 people, probably will not have problems with professional volunteers. Moreover, only three bases will be set aside to accommodate the military after the reformation: land, coast guard and air force, which will not have a single aircraft - only helicopters.


3. Morocco (2006 year)

In Morocco, any citizen who has turned 20 years old can enter the service of their own free will, with the mandatory period of the first contract being 1,5. The human resources at the disposal of the Moroccan army are very large: more than 14 million people, and there are almost equal men and women among them. True, the Moroccan army itself has more than 266 000 people, and the kingdom uses weapons for them from all over the world, but most of all - Soviet and Russian, as well as American and French production.


4. Romania (2006 year)

The Romanian armed forces were once part of the united armed forces of the Warsaw Pact member countries. Accordingly, and weapon, and the principle of manning the Romanians were Soviet. Romania mostly refused the first one shortly after the overthrow of the dictator Nicolae Ceausescu in December 1989, and the second - 17 years later.


5. Latvia (2007 year)

The Latvian constitution treats military service in the national armed forces not as a duty, but as a right that any citizen older than 18 can use. Today, a total of about 9000 people serve in the combat units of the regular army and in the border forces of the country, and another twice as many are in the prepared reserve.


6. Croatia (2008 year)

In the Croatian armed forces can serve citizens older than 18 years of their own free will. They had such an opportunity a year before the country was admitted to NATO. The Croatian army is large enough compared to its neighbors: 25 000 people, of whom 2500 are sailors, and slightly less pilots.


7. Bulgaria (2007 year)

The Bulgarian Armed Forces switched to the contract principle of recruitment gradually. Moreover, the transition time depended on the type of troops: the first professionals were pilots and sailors (in 2006), and two years later the ground forces were finally canceled. The last recruits went to the units at the end of 2007 of the year, and they had to serve for the entire 9 months.


8. Lithuania (2008 year)

1 July 2009 of the last Lithuanian armed forces recruited from the Lithuanian armed forces to the reserve - the Lithuanian army became fully professional. The draft principle of recruitment lasted almost two decades in this Baltic republic, if we consider the declaration of independence in 1990. Today, the number of Lithuanian armed forces does not exceed 9000 people, if you do not take into account almost 6000 fighters of the Volunteer forces of the region.


9. Poland (2010 year)

After the collapse of the Warsaw Pact, the Polish armed forces numbered more than half a million people, and now they are five times smaller. With such a reduction in numbers, it is not surprising that the country refused to call up young men for military service and switched to the contract principle of recruiting an army. It is noteworthy that even in 2004, Polish experts and journalists believed that a fully professional army could not afford the country, and in only 6 years there was not a single conscript in the army.


10. Sweden (2010 year)

This country was one of the last who refused to be called up for military service and, moreover, was one of the first European countries in which this duty was truly honorable. At the beginning of the 20th century, the campaign for granting the right to vote to men was held under the slogan “One Swede - one rifle - one vote”. But more than a century later, Sweden completely switched to the contract army: today the number of Swedish armed forces is about 25 000 people, but at the same time they are armed with the most modern weapons systems, and almost all of them are produced from automatic rifles to fighters.
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  1. mishan
    mishan 7 March 2012 10: 19 New
    10
    As you can see, all these are small compact countries, with a relatively small population (almost 40 million people in Poland alone). And you can’t choose them as guidelines for the transition of the Russian army to a contractual basis. The armies of these countries were numerically reduced, and since some of them are part of NATO, they apparently have some funding for their army from abroad. Nobody will help our country from behind the hill!
  2. 755962
    755962 7 March 2012 10: 53 New
    0
    Nikolai Makarov spoke about the progress of the military reform and for the first time announced annual plans to recruit contractors until 2014. According to him, starting in 2013, they will be recruited by 50 people a year, so that by 000 they will bring their numbers to earlier the announced figure of 2016 people. To recruit contractors in the regions, recruitment centers will be created subordinate to the Main Directorate of Personnel of the Ministry of Defense, and selection will be made according to the criteria for health and physical development. At the same time, all contractors will undergo at least three-month training prior to shipment. Thus, by 425, with an army of 000 million and a planned number of officers of 2016, there should be, as now, 1 conscripts.

    However, the head of the Center for International Security of the IMEMO RAS Alexei Arbatov told Makarov that based on the size of defense spending in 2011 at 1.5 trillion rubles. Only 7% of this amount (or about 105 billion rubles) will be required to replace all 350 conscripts left in the army with contract soldiers in a 000: 1 ratio. In fact, by 1 this figure will be even less than 2016%, probably about 7% of military spending, since it is expected that by 5 they will increase markedly, Arbatov explained to Vedomosti. If the army is reduced to 2016, then the number of contractors required to completely replace conscripts will be reduced to 800 and a total of 000-150% of this year’s defense budget will be required.
  3. Sibiryak
    Sibiryak 7 March 2012 11: 12 New
    +3
    The presence of a person who knows his job, both in the national economy and in the army, is very good! Such a person asks fewer questions when setting a specific task for him, because he has at least a general idea of ​​measures to achieve the necessary goal. In order for him to know and be able to do something, first of all, he must be taught to do this, and this is time-consuming.
    So what am I saying this, in the event of any military operations, and in particular large-scale, loss of personnel is inevitable and must be compensated. And if you understaff the army with people who do not even have the slightest idea about military service, weapons, etc. things turn out the so-called headache to say the least!
    On the other hand, a contractor is the same as a mercenary, priority is given to money, and not to other concepts such as debt, honor, etc.
    Therefore, discarding the foreign policy aspects, in my opinion, making the Russian army completely on a contract basis is not advisable!
  4. itr
    itr 7 March 2012 11: 18 New
    +3
    strange comparison how can you compare the Russian army or Sweden I for example
    I think that all the same, conscripts cannot be canceled in case of a less large war of contractors, they simply will not be replaced by anyone in 1 year, but this may be pitiable
    Take the Israeli army, they then know for sure what is needed for the army. And there, by the way, the call
  5. Railways
    Railways 7 March 2012 12: 14 New
    +2
    Better to leave the call as it is. Otherwise, the country will completely get bogged down in OPAZioners. Make a choice of service life from 1 year to 10 years. Make the army a "factory" for the production of various specialists and workers.
  6. Order
    Order 7 March 2012 12: 44 New
    +2
    I am convinced that for Russia in the foreseeable future the mixed principle of manning will remain optimal. Of course, parts of the quick response, professional sergeants, as well as positions associated with the use of sophisticated equipment must be staffed by contracting professionals, but this does not mean that you must completely abandon the call. A large contract army is an unbearable financial burden for any state (especially for ours), and a small army cannot ensure our security. In addition, it is necessary to create a quality reserve, possibly according to the American principle. In all recent wars conducted by the Americans, at least half of the personnel are reservists called up for service.
  7. Svyatoslav
    Svyatoslav 7 March 2012 13: 06 New
    +1
    Why do these countries conscript army? Nobody is going to attack them.
    1. urzul
      urzul 7 March 2012 13: 37 New
      +2
      Yes, in case of an attack, any army will not help, they are not holding it for war.
      In the event of a conflict with a major power, the duration of hostilities in any scenario will be measured in days. Only NATO can help them.
  8. SoVIet ZiMBo_O
    SoVIet ZiMBo_O 7 March 2012 13: 16 New
    -5
    we need to do the same as soon as possible! The fact that we have an army larger than these countries does not mean that the guys should be in captivity to join the army, this is very, very wrong !!!! 11 !!!!!! 1 !
    1. Georg iv
      Georg iv 7 March 2012 13: 34 New
      +3
      And what, as soon as we cancel, everyone will immediately break down of their own free will?

      Or how do you have personal motives therefore as soon as possible! :)
      1. thatupac
        thatupac 7 March 2012 20: 36 New
        +1
        The guy on top wants him and his relatives not to be taken into the Army. He says that they are in captivity. And he thinks that other donkeys and fools will arbitrarily go for a minimum of 3 years to serve on a contract? He served 2 years himself urgent. Someone I doubt that someone will be impressed by army life, way of life and service for 3 years somewhere in Yakutia or on the Kuril Islands. Oh, I'm silent about Chechnya. There, in fact, the intruders are sitting in their units all year round.
  9. vylvyn
    vylvyn 7 March 2012 14: 46 New
    +6
    Contractors this business is certainly good. Plus military universities. However, the conscription service is also needed. Just need to change its format. Now 1 year - in principle, not so many, but again, indiscriminately all in one armful and for a year in the army. My opinion is to make the call voluntary. Service in this case is 2 years or 3 years. After school, whoever wanted to - went to the army of his own free will. But. After the army, enshrined in law, mandatory benefits - work in government, free training at universities, and more. And the law will fix once and for all that those who have not served will not be accepted into state authorities and local self-government. And the authorities in our country, oh, how many with their warm little places, and the access to them for all sorts of sissies with big dad's wallets, who have deflected their sacred duty from protecting their homeland, will be tightly closed, right up to criminal liability. Then it will be fair. And then you look around you at the judges, prosecutors, officials and other workers of the local, regional and federal government and you see there the very same Mom’s sons with broad dad’s backs and stomachs equivalent to the size of the entire Chinese army with dogs and cats.
    1. brr77
      brr77 7 March 2012 16: 46 New
      0
      b] vylvyn:
      My opinion is to make the call voluntary. ...But. After the army, to enforce the law, mandatory benefits - work in government, free training at universities, and so on .... And then you look around you around judges, prosecutors, officials and other workers of local, regional and federal government and you see there the very same Mom’s sons with broad father’s backs and stomachs are equivalent to the size of the entire Chinese army with dogs and cats.

      Exactly!!![
    2. Ren
      Ren 7 March 2012 18: 08 New
      0
      and if a person really can’t serve due to health reasons, what would limit his constitutional rights?
    3. dzvero
      dzvero 7 March 2012 19: 04 New
      0
      everything is correct.
      and no one will restrict anyone's rights. under a contract for five or ten years, professionals will serve. and let the volunteers serve for a year or two, and then to the reserve for twenty years. because not many conditions are an obstacle. some of them are mental illnesses; but you are unlikely to be delighted with the minister - a schizophrenic or a police officer - oligophrenic. the second group is mutilations, but everything is clear and so - no legs or arms - unable to serve for obvious reasons, so no one will object to your candidacy for measures or deputies.
      and the rest ... if you want to serve, there are all sorts of posts.
    4. thatupac
      thatupac 7 March 2012 20: 42 New
      0
      The officials mostly go for the blat and for connections. And you can serve such in the amusing forces of some army military ensemble or in the companies of CSKA. But you don’t have to serve at all: pay the chief of staff of the unit so that he would fill out the future officer on the pseudo-presence there, and the latter then comes in a year later and takes the ready military ticket. There are many moves. And the children of officials, thanks to their parents, solve the problem of compulsory military service as easy as shelling pear, unlike ordinary residents. But in general - complete idle talk in your post. By the type that no one should drink, smoke and swear. The same utopia. And what we do not have budget places in universities, where to study for free, and then go to work not in their specialty?
  10. malera
    malera 7 March 2012 17: 14 New
    -1
    Quote: brr77
    My opinion is to make the call voluntary. ...But. After the army, to enforce the law, mandatory benefits - work in government, free training at universities, and so on .... And then you look around you around judges, prosecutors, officials and other workers of local, regional and federal government and you see there the very same Mom’s sons with broad dad’s backs and stomachs are equivalent to the size of the entire Chinese army with dogs and cats. To the point !!! [

    All is correct. Voluntary Call Only = This is a contract service. Every work must be paid. Soldier (army), too.
  11. schonia06rus
    schonia06rus 7 March 2012 19: 05 New
    +2
    I don’t know how all these alcoholic beverages are, but I personally served in the army (year). we didn’t have any grandfathers, we were fed as if for slaughter, I was engaged in sports and served, I went of my own free will. all these benefits were only due to normal officers. the contract system in its current form is an abortion! need this or that! because the double bass is lazy, arrogant (how did his grandfathers teach the mind) and often undermines the discipline of the whole unit! and since I am for the contract (with all the shortcomings) they are really professionals (at least they are more careful in technology) in case of a nuclear war, I would probably have enough NVP at school and there are no courses in the conscript service anyway anyway !! !!!! because they don’t really teach anything! (and I served in intelligence)
    [quote = vylvyn] And then you look around you around judges, prosecutors, officials and other employees of the local, regional and federal government and you see there the very same Mom’s sons with broad dad’s backs and stomachs are equivalent to the size of the entire Chinese army with dogs and cats
    NAIVE VILLAGE BOY !!!!!!!! THEIR CHILD THEY WILL SEND TO SERVE IN THE NEAREST PART) THE NIGHT THEY WILL BE AT HOME) AT THE END OF THE END THE WARRIOR CAN BE STUPIDLY BUYED!
    1. vylvyn
      vylvyn 9 March 2012 06: 36 New
      -1
      Puppy, I’m not your boy. I am 40 years old. In the army, unlike you, was 3,5 years. And if you ate there for slaughter, we sometimes had to starve. And from half a year there weren’t cigarettes at all, not just in the army - in the whole country. As for the fact that the children will be sent to serve in the nearest part and they will spend the night at home, do not worry, they will spend the night in the unit, and now they serve almost everything near the house. You can buy a warrior. No questions. Buy, and then try to settle with him on a state post. But remember, when all this crap pops up, a criminal article will shine on you. This I explain to you as a lawyer. You see it yourself, you think collective-farm concepts, not think about the law, but how to break it. So close to the prison.
  12. patrianostra
    patrianostra 7 March 2012 19: 32 New
    +5
    Well, yes, yes, and the most warring Israeli doshihpor is equipped with conscripts and in the case of a large shecher can deliver up to 800 thousand trained bayonets of the reserve, which has already been
  13. Stasi.
    Stasi. 7 March 2012 20: 10 New
    +4
    The best semi-conscript army. In Israel they did this: their army consists of conscripts and contract soldiers. Officers, pilots, air force personnel, fleet, fleet personnel, special forces contractors. And all the other recruits. The result is one of the best armies in the Middle East.
    1. vylvyn
      vylvyn 9 March 2012 11: 34 New
      0
      Everything is correct. Special forces and snipers are only officers and contractors. Special Forces is the highest mathematics of war. Where there is equipment (Air Force, Navy, Air Defense, armored vehicles, artillery, communications, etc.) there are the bulk - officers with a service life of up to 25-30 years and contract soldiers - sergeants and warrant officers with a contract service life of at least 10 years. Well, some small part of the recruits with a service life of 1 year to help maintain equipment and carry out daily and guard duty. In this situation, it will be possible to create a core unchanged personnel core with a small percentage of constantly changing conscripts (something like five played in hockey teams, when leaving one of these five players (conscript after 1 year) will not affect overall teamwork). Well, the bulk of the draft for a period of 1 year remains - infantry. A year later, to the mobile reserve.

      He served in the late 80s - early 90s in the Air Force. But if I now show the devices with which I had to work, it seems to me that I don’t remember what to do. But I will disassemble and collect AKM with my eyes closed. And if I open my eyes, I’ll shoot perfectly too. I’ll throw a grenade and dig a trench, and a boot with a little partial suit. I remember it.

      It would be no matter how offensive anyone is, but I must admit that a 1-year call is nothing more than the preparation of a mobile reserve, which should be kept in infantry units so as not to get under the feet of contract soldiers while they are engaged in equipment.
  14. wk
    wk 8 March 2012 02: 50 New
    +2
    The general appeal must be preserved to ensure a mobilization reserve! All healthy men must serve one year! In the event of a serious armed conflict, no "mobile and compact" will save Russia!
  15. 16
    16 17 March 2012 23: 23 New
    0
    all these countries are not large in area !!! for Russia, with its vast territory, there should be, in my opinion, the principle of manning an army of 50 to 50 !!! parts of constant combat readiness are 100 percent contract soldiers and a mobilization reserve, and yet 1 year of urgent service is not enough !!!