The Russian name "destroyer" comes from the fact that in Russia the torpedoes were called "self-propelled mines." The designation "squadron" indicates the ability to act as part of a squadron in the ocean and sea zone. Initially, ships of this class were called "destroyers (destroyers)": it was believed that in battle they should intercept and destroy enemy destroyers. But, as it turned out as a result of the Russian-Japanese war, "not a single destroyer intercepted or destroyed a single destroyer" (quotation). [Source?] English equivalent of the term - destroer (English destroyer - fighter). In contrast, the destroyers remained a class of light ships that do not have powerful artillery weapons, with low seaworthiness and autonomy.
Before the First World War, the main purpose of the destroyers was a torpedo attack of the main forces fleet enemy, especially large ships. During and after the war, they become multi-purpose warships capable of performing a wide range of tasks. The main ones were the air defense and anti-submarine defense of their forces. Their displacement and their importance have grown, especially since battleships disappeared from almost all fleets in the world (in the 50s and 60s of the XNUMXth century). The largest of the modern destroyers are equal in displacement to light cruisers of the Second World War era, but significantly surpass them in terms of firepower.
The destroyers of the 956 “Sarych” project are a series of seventeen Soviet / Russian destroyers built from 1976 to 1992 a year. Ships of this project are among the most powerful in their class. The first ship of this project, launched in the 1978 year, bore the name "Modern".
The main purpose of these ships is the destruction of surface targets. For this purpose, the 8 PKR P-270 Mosquito (in two quad PUs installed onboard) are intended. To combat submarines, two twin-tube 533-mm torpedo tubes, as well as two jet-mounted bomblets RBU-1000. Helipad takes one Ka-27 helicopter.
For air defense there is an air defense system "Shtil", as well as X-NUMX artillery guns AK-4.
The main combat rival in the waters of the oceans for the 956 destroyers of the project are the destroyers of the type “Arly Burke” designed in 1980 — 1985. However, in their fighting qualities, these two types of destroyers are incomparable: the destroyers of the 956 project are significantly inferior to the American ships of the Arly Burke type in a number of indicators. By the time the first destroyer of the Arly Burk type was added to the US Navy, the 956 squadron destroyers were morally and technically obsolete (their development began in 1971 year, after 5 years after the start of the development of destroyers of the Spryens type, and the first ship entered USSR Navy in 1981 year), with no constructive protection, no multifunctional CICS, 1 radar detection for airborne targets, weak hydroacoustic station for finding submarines, boiler turbine power plant and relatively weak air defense. Sarych-type destroyers also have 2 deficiencies characteristic of the first series of Arly Burk destroyers: the absence of a helicopter hangar and an insufficient cruise range at operational speed; on 4400 nodes for Soviet destroyers of the 20 project. The only advantage of the ship in comparison with destroyers of the type "Arly Burke" is more powerful than the American destroyers, anti-ship and artillery weapons.