In memory of the first days of the Patriotic War, when the car park was made up of three-ton ZILs and GAZ civilian lorries - the constructions of the middle 1920-s, half of which was mobilized in the national economy with a small residual resource. Cars for the commanding staff actually was not.
During the big maneuvers in June 2016 of the year, along with a positive assessment of military vehicles, cars were diplomatically characterized as a “problem asset”. Probably, it was not reduced to the reliability of KamAZ or Uralov. There is reason to believe that the problem could be the commander cars of the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant, the country's only producer of passenger army vehicles.
This is when the legendary “Niva” was mastered at VAZ with a fully localized component base, with a proven platform and unloaded production facilities, which allow in a short time and at a very reasonable price to organize the production of a lightweight commander vehicle with a simplified body, dual-purpose vehicles - military and rural - on the unified platform “Niva”, which will ensure the fulfillment of the obligatory condition: large circulation, and accordingly low price.
By the way, the officer corps of the Wehrmacht had a sufficient number of "Kubebelvagenov" - lightweight cars of simplified design based on the popular "family", mass production of which has already mastered the "Volkswagen". It was a dual-purpose vehicle with all the benefits of it: functionality in difficult road and climate conditions in Russia, ease of maintenance, maintainability and low cost.
Before obtaining “Willis” under Lend-Lease, purely civilian M-1 were partially used as commanders. Commander-wheel-drive GAZ-67 in limited quantities was launched production in the 1943 year.
The famous four-wheel drive GAZ-69 with a simplified body (awning) for two decades (before the beginning of the 70-ies) was produced in large numbers as a dual-purpose, military-civilian vehicle, successful in all climatic zones of the Union.
I suppose that some military experts, reading these lines, do not hide the irony about the "archaic", being convinced that the very concept of "military vehicle" implies its participation in hostilities. Consequently, body armor, airborne weapons, etc. come to the fore. In fact, the transport component is designed to provide many different functions arising from the requirements of command mobility, small rapid response teams, etc. And it must be borne in mind that a dual-purpose machine is usually a mass-produced product, provided with standard consumables and spare parts, significantly reducing the severity of problems with the roads in the periphery with forty million residents of Russian villages and small towns. From the point of view of national security, such a car is also valuable in that the prerequisites are created for securing young people in rural areas, for motorization not only and not so much of large cities, but of the mass of citizens living in conditions of problem infrastructure and limited incomes.
Naturally, the level of comfort, respectability, but not safety and the required technical characteristics, in order to save will be reduced. But the functionality and reasonable price will ensure the demand not only in the domestic market, but, as GAZ-69 used in its time and today "Niva", will increase the export potential of a truly domestic auto industry.
Numerous proposals sent to interested departments, personally to the ministers Skrynnik, Fedorov, Serdyukov, Manturov to consider this urgent issue, requiring relatively small investments, mainly on the simplified body, ended with formal replies - bureaucratic masterpieces. Appeals addressed to some other leaders did not lead to positive results. And only the intervention of the chairman of the State Duma’s Defense Committee, V. A. Shamanov, and the commander-in-chief of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation, V. V. Zolotov, made it possible to get things moving. The problem has not yet found a final solution, but hope has emerged that automobilization will be the prerogative of not only million-plus cities, but — along with an increase in the mobility of power structures — the solution of urgent problems of the provinces.
And time is running out.