Military Review

Frigate Type 26 Global Combat Ship: The Future of the British Navy

31
One of the most important and bold British projects of recent times is moving into a new stage. After several years of preliminary study and preparation of design documentation, the UK shipbuilding industry will begin construction of promising frigates designed to replace some existing ships and increase capacity fleet. A few days ago, a contract was signed for the construction of the first Type 26 Global Combat Ship ships.


The contract for the construction of the first ships of the new project was signed on July 2. The contractor was BAE Systems, which included, among other things, shipyards. Build ships will be at the plant in Glasgow. Preparations for construction have already begun there, and this month the company will have to start cutting the metal for the subsequent construction of the lead ship.

The command of the Royal Navy plans to receive a fairly large number of ships of the new type, but the current contract involves the construction of only three combat units. For the construction of these Type 26 frigates, BAE Systems will receive 3,8 billion pounds. According to current plans, after the transfer of the first three ships, the construction of another five will be initiated.



It is reported that the implementation of a new order will create 1200 jobs. Also, the order will ensure the existence of jobs in the companies supplying various products. A list of three dozen subcontractors has already been determined, and it is likely that new suppliers of additional equipment will be selected in the near future. As a result, a significant number of British and foreign companies will be employed in the GCS program, as well as several thousand people. With the new order, the industry gets the opportunity to engage in the construction of ships in the next two decades.

The result of the fulfillment of the new contract and the expected next order will be the renewal of the material part of the fleet with a corresponding increase in the combat capability of surface forces. It is assumed that the frigates "Type 26" will strengthen the anti-submarine and air defense. They will be able to work both independently and as part of ship groups. The UK became the starting customer for such ships, but the construction company is already exploring the export prospects of the project.

The Global Combat Ship program (“Global Warship”) dates back to the late nineties of the last century. The project of developing a promising frigate was launched in 1998, under the name Future Surface Combatant. One of the main goals of this project was the replacement of the outdated frigates of the Project Type 22 and Type 23, which had served since the late seventies and early nineties, respectively. Over the next few years, leading British companies studied the existing problem and offered various options for the appearance of promising ships. They offered both traditional designs and unusual designs.

It was subsequently decided to make the FSC program the basis for a new development. The next project involving the creation of a new frigate to replace existing ships was called Global Combat Ship or GCS. This project was launched in March 2010. The developer of the ship was BAE Systems. The subsequent design took four years and cost the military department 127 million pounds. Interestingly, by this time the command had refused to replace the frigates "Type 22". It was decided to remove them from service without direct replacement.

GCS ships are now considered only as a replacement for the "23 Type". The beginning of the withdrawal of obsolete frigates from the fleet while simultaneously receiving new ships was planned for the twenties. The necessary work was supposed to be carried out as soon as possible, but taking into account the potential of the industry. The construction of new ships was supposed to begin in the second half of the current decade. According to recent reports, preparations for construction have already begun. In the very near future, metal cutting will begin.

As the project progressed, the requirements were repeatedly amended and adjusted. In particular, from a certain time it was proposed to reduce the displacement of ships and revise their other parameters accordingly. Later, however, the project returned to its original appearance. In 2014, the preliminary design was completed, after which the company-developer received a new order for the creation of technical documentation. The cost of the signed contract amounted to 859 million pounds. To date, all the necessary work has been completed, which allowed the command to order the construction of the first three ships of the new type of the eight planned.

For several years, the specialists of the development company and the Royal Navy together formed the look of promising GCS / Type 26 ships. A noticeable change in appearance was proposed several times, but in the end it was decided to return to the original version of the requirements with minimal rework. To date, the basic requirements and features of promising frigates have become public knowledge. In addition, the basic capabilities of ships, the composition of weapons, etc. were announced.

The “Type 26” project proposes the construction of a surface ship of length 150 m with a maximum width of more than 20 m with a full displacement of 6900 tons. In accordance with current trends in the development of warships, British frigates must have a characteristic hull shape and superstructure, reducing visibility for radar detection devices. In particular, the superstructure has inclined surfaces, and its sides are associated with the sides of the hull. The maximum possible number of components and assemblies placed under the cover of the hull and superstructure.

The ship is proposed to equip the main power plant type CODLOG. In its composition there are four diesel-generator brand MTU, associated with a pair of running electric motors, as well as the gas turbine engine Rolls-Royce MT30. The simultaneous use of diesel-electric and gas turbine installations is not provided. It is assumed that the ship will be able to reach speeds up to 30 nodes with the help of the available energy systems. The cruising range at an economic speed using electric motors will reach 7000 nautical miles.

According to customer requirements, prospective frigates will have to solve a wide range of combat missions and destroy various enemy targets that are on shore, in the air, on water or under water. To do this, the ship Type 26 must carry a developed set of electronic equipment and weapons complex. In forming the requirements for detection and arms All current trends in the development of the surface fleet were taken into account.

The main means of monitoring the surface and air situation will be the Type 997 Artisan radar. This system is already used on several British ships and has shown itself well. Such a locator is able to monitor the situation within a radius of 200 km and at the same time accompany airborne and surface targets to 900. Declared the possibility of detecting small and high-speed targets with a high level of protection against interference. Navigation tasks must be solved using Kelvin Hughes Ltd SharpEye radar.

One of the tasks of the Global Combat Ship is to search for and destroy submarines. For this purpose, a Type 2050 hydroacoustic complex should be installed in the forward part of the hull. The use of a Sonar 2087 station equipped with a towed antenna is also proposed.

The project "Type 26" involves the use of a universal vertical launcher Mk 41 American development. With its help, the frigate will be able to carry and use up to 24 missiles of various types for various purposes. For attacks on ground targets, it is planned to use Tomahawk missiles, the main anti-ship weapon will be the LRASM rocket, and the frigate will fight submarines with ASROC missiles. Universal launcher will allow you to pick up ammunition in accordance with the tasks. The ship will also receive a separate launcher with 48 cells for anti-aircraft missiles CAMM.

It is assumed the use of a developed set of barreled weapons. Before the superstructure, it is planned to mount the Mk 45 turret artillery mount with an 127 mm caliber gun and an 62 caliber barrel. Air defense in the near zone will be carried out using 30-mm guns of the DS30M Mk 2 and Phalanx CIWS complexes. Also provides for the use of several machine guns serial models.

The ships of the new type will receive a hangar and a stern platform, providing transportation and operation of two helicopters for different purposes. It is possible to use an AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat helicopter capable of carrying anti-ship missiles and torpedoes, or AgustaWestland AW101 Merlin machines with torpedo armament. Also, Type 26 frigates can become carriers of unmanned aerial vehicles of various types.

According to existing plans, the promising frigates "Type 26" will have to replace the obsolete ships "Type 23", operated since the early nineties. Earlier it was reported that the command of the Royal Navy plans to replace in the ratio of one to one. Recall from 1990 to 2002 years, the British fleet received 16-like ships. About ten years ago, three frigates were sold to the Chilean naval forces. At the moment, all ships Type 23 remain in service and bear service. Nevertheless, the naval commanders had already determined their fate. Beginning with the 2023 year, the UK will gradually abandon such ships, which by then will become morally and physically obsolete. The 23 Type frigates will be withdrawn from the fleet at the same time as accepting newer GCSs. The last outdated ship is scheduled to be written off in 2035, when the fleet will already have a sufficient grouping of new frigates.

A little less than a billion pounds has already been spent on the development of the Type 26 project. The construction of the first three ships of the series will cost London another 3,8 billion. The entire program, involving the construction of eight frigates, is supposed to spend 8 billion pounds. It is easy to calculate that the average cost of a new ship, taking into account all the costs of the program, will reach 1 billion. In this case, the construction of the last five frigates of the series will be about a third cheaper than in the case of the first three ships.

According to the latest data, this July, the shipyard in Glasgow will begin cutting metal for the construction of the Type 26 lead frigate. A little later, after the assembly of the first units, a solemn ceremony will be held. The first frigate GCS is scheduled to be launched in the 2021 year. By the middle of the next decade, he will pass all the necessary tests and will be included in the combat strength of the Royal Navy. Soon it will be followed by two other ships, the construction of which will be conducted in accordance with the recently signed contract. At the same time the start of their construction has not yet been clarified.

It should be noted that in order to completely replace the existing frigates of the Type 23 frigates, 13 will need new ships, while the approved plans imply the construction of only eight frigates of the new model. Of these, three have already become the subject of a contract for construction. As announced a few years ago, the remaining five frigates will be built on a different project. This program received the designation General Purpose Frigate ("General Frigate") or GPFF, and ships will be designated as "Type 31".

The second project of a promising frigate involves the construction of smaller and more complex ships, characterized by reduced characteristics and lower price. So, for five or six Type 31 frigates it is planned to spend no more than 2-2,5 billion pounds - no more than 500 million for each. Currently, the British command is examining the future construction of the GPFF frigates and correcting its plans. The exact dates for the start of their construction have not yet been announced.

According to the current plans of the Royal Navy, the construction and simultaneous operation of advanced frigates of two types will allow to solve several important tasks while reducing costs to an acceptable level. First of all, the Type 26 GCS and Type 31 GFPP projects will allow building in the foreseeable future 13 or 14 frigates for replacing the obsolete “Type 23” and maintaining the desired fleet quantitative indicators while updating it.

The most important consequence of the simultaneous implementation of the two programs will be significant savings. Building eight 26 Type frigates and six 31 Type will cost about 10 billion pounds, while the 13-14 series of GCS ships — even with a significant reduction in the price of serial frigates — will cost at least 10-11 billions. The cost of operating a larger number of more complex and expensive ships will lead to additional costs, which could have been avoided with the help of cheaper frigates.

Finally, two types of ships will be able to solve different combat missions. The fleet will be able to choose ships in accordance with the existing situation. In relatively simple operations, GFPP frigates can be used, while GCS can be involved in more complex tasks. In addition, joint advantages of two types of ships in one operation will have certain advantages. For example, the frigates of the two projects will be able to be involved in the work of the carrier strike groups. In this case, they will be able to protect the aircraft carrier from submarines, aircraft and missiles of the enemy.

At the moment, the Type 23 frigates are the most massive large ships in the Royal Navy and therefore are of particular importance to the safety of Great Britain. However, these ships are not fully meet the requirements of the time, because of what they need to be replaced. By now, the command has decided on plans for the further development of surface forces and has chosen a future replacement for the existing ships.

Over the next two decades, the ships "Type 23" will continue to serve, but gradually they will be replaced by newer frigates "Type 26" and "Type 31". Such a replacement will end, roughly, in the 2035 year. This will not happen soon, but now the command is beginning to build an updated fleet. One of the steps in this direction was a contract for the construction of the first Type 26 frigates, concluded a few days ago.


On the materials of the sites:
http://baesystems.com/
http://janes.com/
http://thinkdefence.co.uk/
http://royalnavy.mod.uk/
http://naval-technology.com/
http://navyrecognition.com/
Author:
Photos used:
Royal Navy of Great Britain / royalnavy.mod.uk
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  1. Setrac
    Setrac 6 July 2017 08: 31
    0
    I wonder what the Britons will do if the Americans can’t finish the ship version of LRASM?
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 6 July 2017 08: 48
      +2
      There should be no problem. LRASM is a bit
      redone JAASM. Changes in GOS, navigation.
      1. Setrac
        Setrac 6 July 2017 09: 08
        +1
        Quote: voyaka uh
        There should be no problem. LRASM is a bit
        redone JAASM. Changes in GOS, navigation.

        LRASM problems are quite serious. And the main problem in the Mk-41 launcher, the Americans cannot fit in the RCC cell with acceptable characteristics.
    2. donavi49
      donavi49 6 July 2017 08: 52
      +4
      Farms are welded on 8 RCC. This is not new to them. Or they will, like on the 45 type, depict a dove of peace, without offensive weapons (we do not consider the Aster regime for surface targets).

      There are more questions about their air defense system - it is corvette. Light 100kg DB rockets at 20km range. There are not quite a lot of them. But still - this is a fool more than FREMM, and FREMM has an Aster.
      1. ukoft
        ukoft 6 July 2017 11: 44
        0
        more will specialize in plos. for air defense 45. drummers two aircraft carriers. such a specialization, without universality. In general, a fairly balanced fleet will work.
        only type 23 took its cheapness and simplicity, the heirs cannot differ in this.
        for some reason, the British always have everything dear. national character probably.
        1. yehat
          yehat 6 July 2017 14: 30
          0
          low-volume, high uncompromising requirements for secondary performance characteristics and rate of return
          1. ukoft
            ukoft 6 July 2017 23: 26
            +2
            The most reasonable is the cooperation with France, Italy, Germany and the imposition of Spain and other homies. Beneficial to everyone. Yes, they just can’t agree in any way, pride and short-term profits take up over reason and compromise. Horizon 45 failed. Typhoon Raphael is the same. For aircraft carriers, it was also possible to cut a series with the French. Only on the airbus did the transporter succeed. And so it would be cheaper and the models would go for export well. Type 23 was very successful. And so after the states the second fleet will be, when the f35 arrives, they wanted to update the helicopter there as well. The Chinese still go 10-15 years to their level. What 55 that 52 to dering not reach. Plo 23 will soon block. There are submarine missile carriers and multipurpose ships. I did not understand why the French counted. That pvo de gol himself will block. It seems because of this, Bering fled.
  2. venik
    venik 6 July 2017 08: 58
    +1
    ".... The Type 26 project proposes the construction of a surface ship 150 m long with a maximum width of more than 20 m with a total displacement of 6900 tons ....."
    ======
    Still, it’s interesting to observe the “acceleration” in the navy ... I remember there was one boat at the same Brit (the Bristol was kind of called, it was written off in my opinion in the late 80s). So he, with almost the same dimensions and displacement in the "URO cruisers," flaunted! And this "handsome" - they even hesitated to call a destroyer - they were demoted to "watchdogs" !!!
    1. Paul zewike
      Paul zewike 6 July 2017 09: 57
      0
      "Bristol" always seemed to be a destroyer. D23.
      1. venik
        venik 6 July 2017 17: 47
        0
        Quote: Paul Zewike
        "Bristol" always seemed to be a destroyer. D23.

        =========
        Actually, he was “demoted” to the “destroyers” a little later, but the Janes guide “All The World Fighting Ships” (in my opinion for 1978, although I can be mistaken already), positioned it precisely as the “light cruiser URO” . So I remember ........ Although it has been so many years since we studied the NATO fleets on this "Jane" ...... So, I could be wrong, even though I remember that at that time it seemed as was the ONLY British cruiser (well, or was considered as such!).
    2. Dmitry 2246
      Dmitry 2246 6 July 2017 10: 16
      0
      In the mutants, some kind of displacement of almost 7000 tons!
  3. Paul zewike
    Paul zewike 6 July 2017 10: 02
    0
    I really like the idea of ​​this ship. The frigate is called by inertia. This is a new concept in itself. So it is necessary to classify -GCS.
  4. mvg
    mvg 6 July 2017 12: 12
    +3
    It seems that this topic has just been discussed? What's new in the article? The main subjects of discussion are the price tag and air defense. request
    PS: About "farms" and LRASM, as it’s wrong on a stealth ship stop
    And then, why do we need type 26? At 45 there is the possibility of increasing the ammunition load from 48 to 72 cells, where the Axes (LRASM) and Harpoons will quietly enter. Sampson's radar is more powerful, there is PLO, missile defense / air defense, in the sense of VERY good. So there will be a universal ship, at almost the same cost (26, it seems even more expensive) as type 26. And the tonnage is 7000 and 8500 (with an increase to 72 cells). The question is why?
    1. arkadiyssk
      arkadiyssk 6 July 2017 13: 04
      0
      What kind of PLO did you see on Type 45? There is sonar, but no PLO. So he gives only target designation for the air group, and other ships will be engaged in the destruction - just Type 26.
      1. mvg
        mvg 6 July 2017 13: 17
        +2
        Why not a Linx helicopter with a RUM-139 or just a torpedo? Why drive a whole ship when a submarine is discovered? Those more than 2 of them.
      2. yehat
        yehat 6 July 2017 14: 33
        0
        I wonder which ships in the Royal Navy will be the real carriers of the ASROK
        without this crap, the presence of PLO can be equated to zero.
        but that’s not all - ASROK should be equipped with a new generation of torpedoes, because current far not guarantee the defeat of the target
        1. mvg
          mvg 6 July 2017 16: 13
          +2
          In the SYLVER runway that Ax breaks on Daring, RUM - 139 is compatible. Linx will simply carry torpedoes with which RUMs are equipped, i.e. Mk-46 or Mk-50.
          Or any anti-submarine torpedoes of France, England or Germany (the best in class in NATO). What is the problem of PLO? The MFS-7000 gives the control unit, if within 13-15 km, it is possible from the ship, if further, Merlin or the Lynx takes off .. Or do you think there are better options? Like Bears? )))
          1. yehat
            yehat 6 July 2017 16: 19
            +1
            torpedoes mk 48 unsuitable against modern submarines
            torpedoes MK 50 are better, but they are pretty mediocre.
            the limit of 15 km is a very small distance. A submarine is likely to fulfill its task if it is caught in such a radius
            Now the effectiveness of the NATO fleet’s PLO is partially inflated - as in the history of the ASDIC before the war. In other matters, and ours is not better.
            In my opinion, now the PLO is 90% specialized aircraft like Orion and the converted IL-38.
            1. mvg
              mvg 6 July 2017 17: 19
              +2
              If the submarine commander is not an idiot, and there are none, then his submarine creeps to the convoy at a speed of 4-5 knots. At such a speed, they will find him if he hasn’t entered (turned out) to the wake of the convoy, about 10-15 km somewhere. There the frigate’s PLO will detect it or (rather) an already launched torpedo. It will perform a PLO maneuver, release traps (if there are anti-torpedoes) and affect electronic warfare.
              The second option: 2-3 submarines enter the AUG, including 1-2 MAPLs. Here it’s already, with luck, who will discover whom first, you can turn into a game from a hunter.
              Third: Even if the boat reached the target for 30-40 km, when it is not detected, then firing a torpedo with a range of 50 km (almost the maximum) is nonsense, it just might not catch up with the convoy, it goes 18-22 knots. It will come closer anyway. And there, see option 2. If there is not a torpedo, but RCC, then there is a chance, but VERY small, it hurts a lot of Burk'ov and SM-2. But against the solitary Dering or Burke, the 949A has good chances, with a salvo, say 5-6 Grantitov or Caliber-K
              Poseidons, Orions, Vikings - it's cool ... But they do not fly in circles behind convoys. Fly along the routes of the alleged attack. Caught on the route - PL corpse ((
              If MAPL has reached the supposed meeting point and ambushed there, she has a great chance to fulfill her mission before she dies.
              PS: The IL-38 has no chance at all. NATO’s boats hardly enter the North Sea, and in the rest of our fleets it is extremely vulnerable.
              While in space there is no Liana, go on the attack on AUG - wassat I don’t know how .. There will be a real time TsU, you can try the ballistic missile defense in that area (supposed) to pull, hoping that the AUG will not change course and speed.
              hi In how much dashed off)
              1. yehat
                yehat 7 July 2017 09: 19
                0
                Well, the fight against AUG is a separate conversation. For such a thing and the impact of the Tu-22m3 regiment is not a pity.
                it would be strange if one submarine could easily bend an entire order, half of which is geared towards fighting it.
                1. mvg
                  mvg 7 July 2017 17: 01
                  +2
                  And the regiment had no chance against the AUG. Even with a vigorous X-22 missile. Then the options miscalculated, though not Tu-22M3, but just Tu-22M. That's when they teach you how to maneuver the MS of ICBMs, and also the missile defense will be from Legends, then there are chances.
                  PS: 949A didn't have either, 24 Granites are few
                  1. bk0010
                    bk0010 7 July 2017 17: 16
                    0
                    > 949A didn't have it either, 24 Granites are few
                    But the Americans did not think so. After the perestroika, they did some modeling there and said that 20 Granites would be enough to push Aegis AUG. Moreover, if Granite has already descended to the water, then the existing fighters against it are useless.
    2. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 6 July 2017 13: 57
      0
      "PS: About" farms "and LRASM, as it’s wrong on the stealth ship stop" ///

      LRASM is designed to be compatible with the Mk 41 Vertical Launch System used
      on many US Navy ships

      LRASM is designed for compatibility with the MK 41 ....

      'Axes (LRASM)' ///

      LRASM is NOT axes. Nothing in common.
      1. Gray brother
        Gray brother 6 July 2017 15: 57
        0
        Quote: voyaka uh
        LRASM is NOT axes. Nothing in common.

        Subsonic RCC is Moveton. Last century.
        1. Setrac
          Setrac 6 July 2017 19: 31
          0
          Quote: Gray Brother
          Subsonic RCC is Moveton. Last century.

          The Americans drove themselves to a standstill with their many arliberki and tikanderogami. They now need to either completely modernize the entire fleet of destroyers and cruisers or remain toothless with their subsonic missiles against heavy supersonic anti-ship missiles from the enemy.
        2. bk0010
          bk0010 7 July 2017 17: 20
          +2
          Enough for them. This is our most likely adversary of the AUG of NATO, we need to break through the AJIS, hide from hockeys and patrols of carrier-based aircraft, and they have opponents - our fleet or Chinese. The Americans can solve the problem of their drowning altogether with one deck aircraft (they are stupidly dofig).
    3. Gray brother
      Gray brother 6 July 2017 15: 55
      0
      Quote: mvg
      And then, why do we need type 26?

      It is written as follows:
      It is assumed that frigates "Type 26" will strengthen anti-submarine and anti-aircraft defense.

      It will strengthen the defense, someone else. There will probably be some other ships that will provide this defense.
  5. mvg
    mvg 6 July 2017 14: 38
    +2
    Quote: voyaka uh
    "PS: About" farms "and LRASM, as it’s wrong on the stealth ship stop" ///
    LRASM is designed to be compatible with the Mk 41 Vertical Launch System used
    on many US Navy ships
    LRASM is designed for compatibility with the MK 41 ....
    'Axes (LRASM)' ///
    LRASM is NOT axes. Nothing in common.

    Good.
    Warrior, I had in mind the vertical launcher MK-41, into which you can shove axes (RGM-109 of various modifications) to strike ground targets, and LRASM, and the harpoon RGM-184. That nothing needs to be added to the destroyer (farms). And the destroyer from the air defense becomes universal.
    I translate a little from non-nashen.
    Lockheed's LRASM successfully completes Mk41 .. They have good RCC.
    But with the PLO, in fact, I did not find anything in the MK-41, so that I would also carry a torpedo with me, at least 40 km
    hi
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 6 July 2017 15: 07
      0
      Idea to fight submarines with surface ships with
      torpedoes seem dubious to me.
      As if another submarine is best suited for this ...
      Or deep bombs flying around a ship
      in dangerous places.
  6. mvg
    mvg 6 July 2017 15: 30
    +2
    Quote: voyaka uh
    Idea to fight submarines with surface ships with
    torpedoes seem dubious to me.
    As if another submarine is best suited for this ...
    Or deep bombs flying around a ship
    in dangerous places.

    Quote: Setrac
    I wonder what the Britons will do if the Americans can’t finish the ship version of LRASM?

    PLO helicopters will be on Queen Elizabeth, but we have already discussed the topic of constant Ka-32 barrage with Kuzi. Unprofitable. Estude, yes, not bad, perhaps the best MAPL in the world. You cannot cover the whole sea with Poseidons, all the more there is a limitation in the depth of detection.
    If the AB conducts a combat operation along the coast, it is possible to set up buoys and submarines in dangerous directions, but if on a campaign, then everything is worse.
    As I understand it, the real range of detection of submarines by a surface ship does not exceed several tens of kilometers, approximately at the level of effective launch of a torpedo. But still - this is the best that is. Then missile defense against 3M54 or electronic warfare and traps against a torpedo.
    By the way, in the VPU SILVER in Daring, of a slightly different modification, the French SCALP, an attack rocket, calmly breaks in. And shaves in the future, as I understand it, expect to have 45 with shock capabilities.
    They still have a good fleet, very balanced. May rely on the recurrence of Falkland.
    angry
  7. Mista_dj
    Mista_dj 21 July 2017 18: 16
    +1
    Serious snooping is scheduled.
    It’s not just going to kick like that.
    I wonder why they need such healthy fluff?
    IMHO, and 100mm - for the eyes would be enough.