Military Review

From exit to exit

26
Meanwhile, the openly weak positions of the Bolsheviks at the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies did not in any way foreshadow their deafening victory at the Second Congress, timed to coincide with the October armed coup. “There is such a party!” - once these Lenin words everyone should have known. And every real Communist should also know, and where Ilyich said them. And it happened exactly at the I Congress of Soviets in June 1917.




This congress, which took place almost immediately after the same "All-Russian" Congress of Peasants' Deputies, managed to convene with genuine difficulty. And this is despite the fact that the first months after the overthrow of the monarchy were in Russia, according to Pavel Milyukov’s testimony, “the time of continuous congresses, meetings and meetings”. Left parties, which in the Soviets, unlike the government, had almost complete predominance, it was extremely necessary to ensure the present representation of all the provinces, fronts and fleets. This was achieved largely thanks to the fact that the Social Revolutionaries and Mensheviks had been conducting extensive propaganda work not only in the capitals, but also on the periphery, and the Bolsheviks, popular primarily among the factory proletariat, had also gained considerable confidence and in the army.

Elections for the First Congress of the Councils quickly passed throughout the former empire. At the congress, according to the statistics of that time, more than 20 million people, including more than 5 million workers and 8 million soldiers and sailors, almost 4,5 million peasants, were somehow represented. At the same time, instead of the expected 1200-1500 delegates, only 1090 gathered in the Tauride Palace of Petrograd, of which only 822 had the decisive vote. Among them are the total 105 Bolsheviks in the 285 Socialist Revolutionaries and the 248 Mensheviks.

However, much more important than the party composition turned out to be different. At that moment, an acute crisis was brewing in Petrograd, and not only a political one. Interruptions in bread and food were almost the norm, and the financial system disintegrated like a house of cards, despite the constant inflow of currency from France and the UK to "support an ally."

A wave of strikes and strikes was about to threaten to turn into a complete economic collapse, and an increasingly left-wing composition, but the “right”, in fact, the Provisional Government was preparing an offensive on the front. Although there was no real need for it.

But the absolutely “left” I Congress, chaired by the absolutely imperturbable chairman of the Petrograd Soviet Menshevik N. Chkheidze, as if unaware of the situation, immediately engaged in agreeing on and adopting various kinds of non-binding, but beautifully sounding resolutions. The attitude to the government, the impending offensive, the convocation of the Constituent Assembly were generally only mentioned in reports and debates. If the peasant congress at least indicated its position on the agrarian question, then at the congress of workers and soldiers' deputies the matter, alas, was limited to ... the work of the specialized agrarian section. But quite specifically and a lot was said about power, although the theses were constantly being sounded that there was really no one to take it. Even raspiarenno inStories The CPSU’s statement by the Bolshevik leader Ulyanov-Lenin that the party he leads is ready to take this very power, at first, few people heard.

It is noteworthy that at the First All-Russian Congress of the same Soviets, Lenin managed to announce twice the possibility of a peaceful transfer of power from the Provisional Government to the Soviets - 4 and 9 of June. It seems that the second time he was still heard.

At least from among those who really needed it. Otherwise, it is difficult to explain all the rage with which the Bolsheviks immediately collapsed, almost collapsing, but still on something capable of the state apparatus.

The intentions of the Bolsheviks, who received more and more local support during the congress, became clear a little later. After a powerful anti-war demonstration in Petrograd, which occurred during the days of the congress and immediately became anti-government, the popularity of the RSDLP (B) sharply increased. The fact that the Bolsheviks managed to organize the demonstration of the masses so that there was no blood could not fail to impress. Blood will be shed later - in July. In the meantime, the intelligible slogans of the Bolsheviks against the war and against the capitalist ministers, for the power of the Soviets, as well as their readiness to fully accept the clear and unambiguous agrarian program of the Social Revolutionaries, have done their work.

More recently, Lenin’s party, which, because of this, was often compared to a sect, was already before, and then during, and after the I Congress of Soviets, more and more former émigrés from the number of “professional” revolutionaries, such as Trotsky and far from numerous comrades. The Bolsheviks, in something unexpected for themselves, became more and more allies - both from the left wing of the Socialist Revolutionary Party (AKP), and from among the Mensheviks, first of all - the internationalists.

One cannot but admit that the I Congress of Soviets itself turned out to be practically ineffectual, if, of course, we do not consider that the “technology of electing delegates” of the following All-Russian congresses had been worked out. He also stretched out indecently - from 3 to 24 June. The Tavrichesky Palace was constantly filled by alternating deputies, candidates, journalists and observers from the field and from abroad, as well as various “representatives” with mandates from parties, from the government, from various professional associations, national congresses or religious denominations. It is not surprising that, collecting 17 in October for the second Congress of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies, its organizers immediately rushed to limit the terms of its work to three days - from 25 to October 27. The venue has also changed - instead of the Tauride Palace, the Smolny Institute, which has already become a real “red” headquarters.

However, it was the I Congress that initiated the progressive movement to seize power of the Soviets of workers and soldiers, and after him and joined them after the II congress of peasant deputies.

This progress was halted only because of the notorious bloody events of July, for which the Provisional Government hastened to lay the blame on the Bolsheviks. However, the fact that Ulyanov-Lenin went into the underground together with several comrades-in-arms was often regarded by many historians as a kind of recognition by the Bolsheviks of a considerable amount of this guilt.

It is very characteristic that in those times, when various congresses were convened almost daily, the Bolsheviks managed very well to sustain the pause between the first and second Congresses of Soviets. At this time, Lenin from the underground, together with his legal fellow workers, very criticized the notorious Pre-Parliament and the Moscow Democratic Conference that preceded it, also, of course, the All-Russian. But when it was necessary to assemble the Red Guard and to repel Kornilov, they acted clearly, without unnecessary talker, and extremely tough. And here the Bolsheviks did not make any pause and did not wait when Kerensky, as head of the Provisional Government, which the workers' detachments actually came out to defend, will determine whether "with whom he is with Kornilov or with the people."

As a result, Kerensky was aroused by the complete loss of confidence both in him personally and in the entire composition of the Provisional Government. From reading the memoirs of that era, and authors with very different convictions, it seems that the comrades and fellow travelers of the Bolsheviks from among the same “left” criticized Lenin, Trotsky and others like them during the October events, and according to the results of them where fierce, rather than representatives of the "right" and even more so, monarchical circles. For the latter, the advancement of the Social Democrats, who suddenly became not just Bolsheviks, but Communists, was generally a surprise - they were much more afraid of the popular Social Revolutionaries. But the "right" to the late autumn of 1917, it seems, generally fell into a kind of stupor from their own powerlessness and passive waiting for elections to the long-awaited Constituent Assembly. After which, many considered, everything would somehow improve by itself ...
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http://www.stoletie.ru/territoriya_istorii/_ot_sjezda_k_sjezdu_523.htm
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  1. Olgovich
    Olgovich 2 July 2017 15: 26
    +5
    Article anything: even the decisions of the First Congress are not mentioned. Why then was written?
    And the most important decisions: Congress delegates rejected resolutions proposed by the Bolsheviks on ending the war and transferring all power to the Soviets /
    The Congress adopted Socialist-Revolutionary and Menshevik resolutions proclaiming full support of socialist ministers and the continuation of the "revolutionary war" /

    The Bolsheviks lost and headed for the coup.
    1. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 2 July 2017 17: 43
      +6
      Dreamer Olgovich, for some reason, why did the people follow the Bolsheviks, and not the balabol of all stripes? belay and the facts speak for themselves, the Bolsheviks won! lol
      1. wazza
        wazza 2 July 2017 18: 24
        +3
        because they not only killed the royal family, but also took hostages from the rest of the families

        But was Trotsky a “balabol”? lol
      2. Lieutenant Teterin
        Lieutenant Teterin 2 July 2017 18: 47
        +4
        Yes, Uncle Murzik, went ... went to rebel against them.
        http://you1917-91.narod.ru/osipova_krest_front.ht
        ml
        1. Uncle Murzik
          Uncle Murzik 3 July 2017 09: 30
          +5
          darling PoruchikTeterin peasants rebelled, white against, "Entente" against! and how did the Bolsheviks resist without popular support! belay nonsense post not tired! laughing
      3. Olgovich
        Olgovich 2 July 2017 20: 26
        +3
        Quote: Uncle Murzik
        for some reason, the people followed the Bolsheviks,

        Only in your brains fool
        1. Pancir026
          Pancir026 9 July 2017 11: 34
          +1
          Quote: Olgovich
          Only in your brains

          Again raving? Olgovich, the spring has long passed .. yes and autumn is not yet close, why do you have such a waste?
    2. Finches
      Finches 2 July 2017 20: 47
      +5
      Good day, Olgovich with comrades! hi By crumbling all the French bun, replacing historical facts with their wet ..., monarchistically-liberal-bourgeois fantasies (hellish cocktail) laughing
      Olgovich, you, as a Moldavian specialist in Russian history, should be well aware that the Bolsheviks outlined the course of coming to power through armed uprising at the Third Congress of the RSDLP (b), in London, already in 1905. In February 17th, when your beloved liberals and cadets kicked the adorable tsar-priest under your ass (Olgovich, you are very loving in your political preferences laughing ), the coming to power of the Bolsheviks was indeed a very big question, they weren’t very popular, but over idiots .. a kind of policy of the Provisional Government led the people to sort out the complete impotence of dudes seized the helm by the country , already in the fall increased support for the Bolsheviks by changing the balance of political forces in favor of Lenin's supporters. It is known for certain that in the Soviets of many large cities they managed to get most of the mandates. For example, in Moscow - 80%, and Petrograd all 90%. In addition, the Bolsheviks won the support of the soldiers' councils of the Northern and Western Fronts. Olgovich, like it or not, maybe the people made a choice of two evils, but according to their wisdom, they chose the lesser evil ... Why are you poisoning stories here, Svanidze’s laurels do not give rest ... laughing

      Unfortunately, I can’t enjoy today a full-fledged dialogue with adherents of the sect “God Save the Tsar” and the subsection “Long Live Russia, a Free Country!”, As I am going to watch the final of the Confederation Cup, but I wish everyone, sincerely, good mood! hi
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 2 July 2017 21: 09
        +2
        Quote: Finches
        in the Soviets of many large cities, they managed to get most of the mandates. For example, in Moscow - 80%, and Petrograd all 90%

        And this is not true, but that is not the point. The bottom line is that 85% of the population of the PEASANT country. And in their Soviets (October 1917), more than half of the Bolsheviks was not AT ALLand in the smaller half a small minority. It turns out that the Bolsheviks represented overwhelming minority Russian people (peasant in its bulk)? And their majority in some cities is drop in the peasant sea?
        Or again, no?
        What else to keep counting is unclear. request
        Olgovich, to you, as a Moldavian specialist in Russian history

        Я Russian lover of Russian history. The fact that you invented and created all sorts of Mssra and Ussra did not make everyone Moldovans and Ukrainians. Although a lot of you, unfortunately, have succeeded in destruction Russian world.
        1. Finches
          Finches 3 July 2017 00: 21
          +4
          Bravo, Olgovich! You sometimes transcend yourself ... laughing
          You just reminded me of Mr. Parubiy, who, not a little, said about the glorious history of the millennium of the Ukrainian fleet! Prince of Novgorod Oleg, who the Prophet, yes, who subsequently captured Kiev to unite the lands, suddenly became the Commander-in-Chief of the Ukrainian Navy ... and so on, everything is upside down - you are talking about Thomas, you are talking about Yerema! You are just as cleverly manipulating the facts as Parubiy, he is silent that Oleg was Prince of Novgorod, immediately jumping to the Kiev period of reign ... So here you are, like you - remove what is not profitable for you and stick out what pours water to the mill of your opinion, sometimes not embarrassed in overt falsification or incorrect interpretation of the event! But you need to look at the final result! Reds defeated whites - a fact of "unprecedented" laughing
          And you’re all talking about something - like impotent, "Yes, I have her this way and that, and like that ... but only in my thoughts!" laughing
          Kamrad Olgovich, God knows what time, in what topic, once again, for you personally - the Red and White project is compared by Life itself, and not in the theory that you are trying to portray now! First, their competition, which was only just being formed and projected through the butting of the Provisional Government and the Soviets, but already through the prism of their actions. Kerensky and Co. lose often! These children could not convince ANYONE of the correctness of building a new state in the way of the liberal West, which is why and only for this reason, on October 25, practically without sacrifice, they lost their positions to the Soviets! (An example to you from modern history - similarly, Crimea moved from Ukraine to Russia, because Ukraine was never able to become its own for most of the population of Crimea) Further, you don’t even have to be a historian, you just go to school - with the active participation of the West, the USA, the cadet and Socialist-Revolutionary bloc tried to restore the status quo by military means and regain power back. The second round of competition and confrontation between the two projects begins, which is watched by all the people of Russia. The round is included in the History under the name - "Civil War". Here, I think, even you, who are in the world of illusions, are unlikely to argue - the White project in the net loses to the fighter in red shorts.
          The historian Nazarov, a terrible anti-adviser, is worse than yours and even objectively writes in the newspaper Zavtra, opposing Kara-Murze (the elder), a supporter of the Red Project:"With all due respect for the heroism of the white warriors, it should be recognized that the policies of their governments were basically just February’s reaction to October - which led them to defeat just as February itself had already been defeated." [b] Once again, I want to ask you a question - Why do the Whites, as you say, run around with elections to the Constituent Assembly, like a chicken and an egg, having inherited almost the entire state apparatus, having the support of the rich population of Russia, huge support from the West (do not forget the intervention ), at the time of October, having enormous power in the localities, with the exception of Petrograd, Moscow and small things, they nevertheless lost in the net and for the most part rotted in the vast expanses of the country, and the leaders and inspirers of the White Movement forever calmed down We were in the graves of Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois?
          Explain to me, Sivorylomu, this fact! Only without common words, please - but only"turnout, flogged" etc. hi

          P.S. You know, I thought it a sinful thing that you are an ordinary Moldavian nationalist, like the Ukrainian, discrediting the history of Russia on the Internet! It is necessary to bring a split into our society, to deepen it, in order to once again undermine the foundations, in the interests of Western curators, the threads to which are drawn even from there, from the past, and here you are one of the ordinary soldiers of this information war ... You are a Vladislav, Olgovich, I am you, and not only I have figured you out - there are many who dream of plunging Russia into chaos again ...
          1. Olgovich
            Olgovich 3 July 2017 06: 17
            +1
            Quote: Finches
            You just reminded me of Mr. Parubiy, who, not a little, said about the glorious history of the millennium of the Ukrainian fleet! Prince of Novgorod Oleg, who the Prophet, yes, who subsequently captured Kiev to unite the lands, suddenly became the Commander-in-Chief of the Ukrainian Navy ... and so on, everything is upside down - you are talking about Thomas, you are talking about Yerema! You are just as cleverly manipulating the facts as Parubiy, etc.

            What an absolute VOID. So many words and about what request .
            Quote: Finches
            А You- as impotent,

            I received a warning for "Insult"- for the following appeal to the opponent:" You are a man who cannot, i.e. can't-prove your thoughts. "

            You, I think, DO NOT get it for the present insult. Is not it? wink
            Quote: Finches
            Kamrad Olgovich, God knows what time, in what topic, once again, for you personally - The Red and White project is compared by Life itself

            Empty chatter - in response to mine concrete facts
            Quote: Finches
            that is why and only for this reason, on October 25, practically without casualties, they lost their positions to the Soviets!

            Yours illiteracy- just amazing: ALL the people were waiting Constituent Assembly electionsto be held in late November. Their implementation was promised by both the Provisional Government and the provisional so-called the government of the Bolsheviks - to fight -there was no needall the same, their Bolsheviks -will lose (which happened).
            Quote: Finches
            Why White lost

            White lost the battle, but inevitably won the war-Today's Flag and Coat of Arms of Russia-proof to you. They lost the battle because they did not want to kill their compatriots, unlike animal cruelty and the willingness of opponents.
            Quote: Finches
            You know, I'm a sinful thing I thoughtthat you are an ordinary Moldavian nationalist, like the Ukrainian, discrediting the history of Russia on the Internet!

            Thinking is not your strongest side lol if you considered me a Moldavian nationalist, I -Russian occupier yes
            Quote: Finches
            You are a Vlasovian, Olgovich, I am you, and not only I have figured you out - there are many who are dreaming of plunging Russia into chaos again.

            Vlasovites are traitors, and traitors are those who forever gave the invaders a third of the country for power. who erased the name RUSSIA from the world map for decades, who planted atomic bombs under Russia (which inevitably exploded), who tore New Russia from their mother, who built the Russian Cross, who brought today's Russia to the borders of the 17th century. Aren't you? wink
            1. Uncle Murzik
              Uncle Murzik 3 July 2017 09: 24
              +2
              Olgovich and Lieutenant Teterin phobia about the cross! lol another myth about demography in the USSR Olgovich Population The population of the USSR in 1976 was 6,4% of the global population. The population of the USSR (within modern borders) changed as follows (million people): 86,3 as of January 1, 1870; 124,6 on January 1, 1897; 159,2 at the end of 1913; 194,1 on January 1, 1940; 178,5 on January 1, 1950; 208,8 on January 15, 1959; 241,7 on January 15, 1970; 257,9 on January 1, 1977. Despite the enormous losses associated with the two world wars and the Civil War, the population grew quite rapidly. By 1940, the USSR had 22% more inhabitants than Russia in 1913. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, direct losses of the USSR amounted to over 25 million people .; indirect losses were also great (a decrease in the birth rate and an increase in mortality). The pre-war population was restored only by 1955. Over the next 21 years, the population increased by 61,1 million people, or 31,4%. By 1976, the population of the USSR increased by 1913% compared to 60,6!
            2. Finches
              Finches 3 July 2017 10: 33
              +2
              Olgovich

              And is that all you could say ?? Yes, by the way, the Russian occupier, do you have Romanian citizenship, but honestly? Most likely you will answer negatively, but I think that there is ... The presence of a second citizenship is a hallmark of all the militant "Russian patriots" since the time of Tsar Gorokh laughing
              1. Olgovich
                Olgovich 3 July 2017 11: 12
                +7
                Quote: Finches
                And is that all you could say ??

                All on the topic. You-retort the facts-FailedAlas for you.
                Quote: Finches
                Do you have Romanian citizenship, only honestly? Most likely you will answer negatively, but I think that there is ... The presence of a second citizenship is a hallmark of all the militant "Russian patriots" since the time of Tsar Gorokh

                As Russian, I do not have the right to a room. citizenship. And as a Moldovan, I do not have the right to Russian. lol
                1. Finches
                  Finches 3 July 2017 11: 20
                  +4
                  What facts, Olgovich! What are you speaking about! Facts are not your thing ... I’m writing a fact for you, I give figures, excerpts and quotes from witnesses and participants in the events, and you write to me:“White lost the battle, but inevitably won the war — today's Flag and the Coat of Arms of Russia is proof to you. They lost the battle because they did not want to kill their compatriots, unlike the animal cruelty and willingness of the opponents.” - and constantly in the same perfume! What does it have to do with it?
                  But I noticed, this is the tactics of all the freedom fighters - Vlasovites for free Russia under, however, under the shadow of the bayonet of the German grenadier, proud Nokhchi for free Ichkeria under the green banner of the Prophet but preferably with Saudi money and the American ...! Now Navalny is now fighting shkolota against the hydra of corruption ... laughing
                  And about the second citizenship - you have and have, there is nothing to be ashamed of, this is not prohibited by law!
                  1. Olgovich
                    Olgovich 3 July 2017 11: 39
                    +7
                    Quote: Finches
                    What facts, Olgovich! What are you speaking about! Facts are not your thing ... I am writing you a fact

                    And let's repeat the facts cited by me and you so that there are no stars. chatter:
                    The congress delegates rejected the resolutions proposed by the Bolsheviks on ending the war and transferring all power to the Soviets.
                    The congress adopted Socialist-Revolutionary and Menshevik resolutions proclaiming the full support of the socialist ministers and the continuation of the "revolutionary war"
                    .
                    85% of the population of the country. And in their Soviets (October 1917), in more than half, there were no Bolsheviks AT ALL, and in the smaller half there was a small minority. And their majority in some cities is a drop in the peasant sea.
                    .
                    ALL the people were waiting for the Constituent Assembly elections to be held in late November. Their implementation was promised by both the Provisional Government and the provisional so-called government Bolsheviks - to fight - there was no need, all the same their Bolsheviks -lose (which happened).
                    traitors are those who forever gave invaders a third of the country for power. who erased the name RUSSIA from the world map for decades, who planted atomic bombs under Russia (which inevitably exploded), who tore Novorossia from the mother of Russia, who built the Russian Cross, who brought today's Russia to the borders of the 17th century

                    These are FACTS, Zyablitsov, committed by you, fighters for national happiness. as a result of the struggle of which the people came to depopulation with ... 1964 g.

                    You are complete bankrupt. Accordingly, your teachings are ridiculous, how ridiculous are the teachings of a bankrupt businessman sitting in a debt hole. lol
                    1. Uncle Murzik
                      Uncle Murzik 4 July 2017 15: 20
                      0
                      the main fact is that without the support of the people the Bolsheviks did not win! this is a FACT! lol
            3. Pancir026
              Pancir026 9 July 2017 11: 51
              0
              [quote = Olgovich] What an absolute VOID. So many words and about what [/ quote]
              In your empty empty maxims? Yes, you’re right, as always, you shine like a soap bubble, with all the colors of the rainbow, but the output is FISC.
              [quote = Zyablitsev] Your illiteracy is simply astounding: ALL the people were waiting for the elections to the Constituent Assembly, which should be held in late November. Their implementation was promised by both the Provisional Government and the provisional so-called the government of the Bolsheviks - to fight - there was no need, anyway the Bolsheviks will lose them (which happened). [/ quote]
              Well, here’s the confirmation — you again play very fake- [Zyablitsov] The Red and White project is compared by Life itself, and not in the theory that you are trying to portray now! First, their competition, which was only just being formed and projected through the butt of the Provisional Government and the Soviets, but already through the prism of their actions. Kerensky and Co. lose often! These children could not convince ANYONE of the correctness of building a new state in the way of the liberal West, which is why and only for this reason, on October 25, practically without sacrifice, they lost their positions to the Soviets! [/ quote]

              [quote = Olgovich] White lost the battle, but inevitably won the war — today's Flag and the Coat of Arms of Russia is proof to you. They lost the battle because they did not want to kill their compatriots, unlike animal cruelty and the willingness of opponents. [/ Quote]
              Frank lies: Losses during the Civil War in Russia (1917-1923)

              A total of 2 were killed and died of wounds.
              2 died as a result of terror
              6 died of hunger and epidemics
              Total killed 10 million
              2 emigrated
              Now we look at 2000000 emigrants, those who are guilty of the deaths of the rest. If they killed, they torn the country, they destroyed what was there only if they left to spoil the people who had driven them away. That they would never recover. Then the same 2, the largest of them, they fought as part of the Hitler Horde. So you are olgovich. Precisely Vlasov ..
              The commander of the Don Army, General S. V. Denisov, wrote: “On the banners of the“ white idea ”it was written:“ To the Constituent Assembly, ”that is, the same thing that was on the banners of the February Revolution ... The leaders and military leaders did not go against the February Revolution and never have any of their subordinates been ordered to go that way. ”

              That is, the leaders and commanders of the White Army never called for the protection, restoration in Russia of the monarchy, the power of the anointed of God - the king. As Denisov wrote: “... They never called for the protection of the old system.” Here is the price to all your verbiage here, in defense of some kind of founding party. Http: //ss69100.livejournal.com/3273847.
              html
              What were the whites? Usually, the whole camp of the counter-revolution, which opposed the Reds, is united under this concept. This is not entirely accurate.
              The anti-Soviet camp amounted to:
              deprived of power and property of the landlords and the bourgeoisie. Their number with family members is approximately 6 million people. These segments of the population are characterized by a high level of education, management skills, communication, money and values;
              Cossacks - about 4,5 million people, united in 13 Cossack troops. Usually this military estate is portrayed as an implacable opponent of the Soviet regime. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that the Cossacks participated in the Civil War on two fronts, protecting their interests, their special position in the state, which has developed historically and seemed to the Cossacks unshakable from both red and white. Thus, the Don Army was extremely reluctant to leave the Don Army Area. The top of the Kuban Cossacks led an openly separatist policy aimed at the formation of an independent state. Such aspirations were characteristic of the activities of the chieftains Semenov and Kalmykov in the East;
              part of the officer corps of the Russian army (about 40%);
              clergy;
              workers and peasants living in the territory occupied by white armies. At the same time, some were mobilized, others, mainly from among the wealthy peasants, joined the ranks of resistance on the basis of dissatisfaction with the policy of the Bolsheviks;
              a significant part of the intelligentsia. This may include the top of the political parties (Socialist Revolutionaries and, to a lesser extent, the Mensheviks), and various governments created by them during the Civil War.
              [quote = Olgovich] Thinking is not your strongest side, if you considered me a Moldavian nationalist, I am a Russian occupier [/ quote]
              No Olgovich .. you are a banal collaborator.
              [quote = Olgovich] Vlasovites are traitors, and traitors are those who forever gave the invaders a third of the country for power. who erased the name RUSSIA from the world map for decades, who planted atomic bombs under Russia (which inevitably exploded), who tore New Russia from their mother, who built the Russian Cross, who brought today's Russia to the borders of the 17th century. Aren't you? [/ quote]
              Are you talking about yourself so loudly? Yes, it’s about you. About yourself. So eloquently and honestly trying to blame others for it.
              You really, in fact of your writing on this resource, is a Vlasovite.
    3. venaya
      venaya 2 July 2017 22: 04
      +2
      Quote: Olgovich
      The Bolsheviks lost and headed for the coup.

      It’s strange somehow. Why, then, Y. Sverdlov, who was appointed chairman of the Bolsheviks party, dispersed the previous Central Committee, which had worked for a long time under the leadership of V.I. Lenin, then the Bolshevik faction of the RSDLP of the Lenin Set and completely replaced them with his own people. Only the new Central Committee, already the party of the RSDLP (b), appointed by Y. Sverdlov unanimously headed for the October Revolution. What’s Lenin here, along with the Lenin Central Committee? In addition to Y. Sverdlov, the former Menshevik L. Trotsky joined the newly formed party of the Bolsheviks, by the way, he had previously organized his own faction of the Unitedists inside the RSDLP. Who in this party is Bolshevik, who is Menshevik and who is a member of the BUND party like Y. Sverdlov is almost impossible to understand. Most likely, this new party (the Bolsheviks) followed the course of unification, that is, it became more communist (that is, united) and less Leninist Bolshevik. In general, the Leninist Bolsheviks did not pursue a “putsch” in any way, it’s better to blame A. Kerensky himself, he did much more for the “putsch”, and he was put there for that. It is advisable to separate Yasverdlov's “Bolsheviks-2" from V. Lenin's Bolsheviks-1, otherwise you can confuse everyone else.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 3 July 2017 06: 27
        +1
        Quote: venaya
        It is advisable to separate the "Bolshevik-2" Yasverdlov, from the Bolshevik-1 V. Lenin,


        In grades, um, I don’t dig in order not to get dirty.
        Quote: venaya
        The Yenin Bolsheviks did not pursue a putsch in any way, it’s better to blame A. Kerensky himself for this, he did much more for the putsch

        The familiar logic, then, according to it, Stalin did much more for the German attack on the USSR than Germany. lol
        1. Uncle Murzik
          Uncle Murzik 3 July 2017 09: 26
          +2
          Olgovich again Svidomo alternative Moldavian history? belay Stalin and the Barbarossa plan developed lol
        2. Pancir026
          Pancir026 9 July 2017 11: 53
          0
          Quote: Olgovich
          In grades, um, I don’t dig in order not to get dirty.

          Hmm ... but it whines from you ... pretty much.
          Quote: Olgovich
          The familiar logic, then, according to it, Stalin did much more for the German attack on the USSR than Germany.

          Your logic? So write for yourself.
  2. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 2 July 2017 16: 42
    0
    The Bolshevik Party was not yet dominant. Maybe that's why they say little about this congress.
    But ..... after reading the name came the phrase "" from captivity to the plenum "", for some reason I remembered other events. Already in the USSR.
  3. Monarchist
    Monarchist 2 July 2017 16: 51
    +4
    Once upon a time, an old man lived in our strength and he told how the parties of that time were characterized by the people: the Socialist-Revolutionaries — the party of heroes, the Mensheviks — kind ablocates and doctors, the Bolsheviks — a gang of convicts and a chosen nation
    1. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 3 July 2017 09: 31
      +1
      Like flies, here and there, Rumors are circulating around the houses, And the toothless old women They are being carried to the minds, They are being carried to the minds. ... Vysotsky - Song about the Scapegoat
  4. Loki_2
    Loki_2 9 July 2017 11: 28
    0
    October armed coup

    October revolution, not a coup.
    If the author claims to be academic, then he should not invest his personal attitude to events using emotion-colored epithets with negative connotations. Moreover, they are erroneous. In February and October 1917, it was precisely the revolution that took place in Russia, not the coup.