Military Review

Nikolai Vatutin. Front grandmaster

16
Kyiv City Council voted to rename General Vatutin Avenue. From now on, it will be Roman Shukhevych Avenue. Instead of the commander of 1-th Ukrainian Front, who liberated Kiev from the Nazis, the current Kiev salutes the commander of the so-called rebel army.




In 1945, it was hardly possible to imagine that the time would come when the people of Kiev would want to review the results of the Great Patriotic War, turn it upside down history The twentieth century and the winners will be for them "persona non grata", and war criminals - heroes. Not everyone in Ukraine agrees with the ideology of “crooked mirrors”. However, today the ball is ruled by those for whom Nikolai Fedorovich Vatutin is not a hero, the Red Army is not a liberator, but our common Soviet past is only an object of hatred ...

What was the difference between Vatutin and other generals of the Red Army of his generation? According to the roots, according to the initial biography, everything is standard. He is from the middle peasants, from the rural majority. The future front commander was born into a large peasant family in the village of Chepukhina (now Vatutino!) In the Belgorod Region. The main battles of the Civil War did without him. Vatutin was drafted into the Red Army in the spring of 1920, an eighteen-year-old. He served in Lugansk and Kharkov, participated in hostilities against the Makhnovists. Joined the party, continued his education at the Poltava Infantry School. The army was to his liking, he decided to become a professional military commander, and by 1937 he graduated, as expected, two academies. He distinguished himself in 1939, when an operation was being developed to occupy Western Ukraine. That operation and modern Ukraine owes its western frontiers. In the dossier of the general, the following wording appeared: "During the liberation of the half-brothers, Ukrainians in Western Ukraine, under the yoke of the Polish gentry, as chief of staff of the district, he showed the ability, endurance and ability to lead a major operation."

Nikolai Vatutin. Front grandmaster


In February, 1941 General Vatutin was appointed first deputy chief of the General Staff, Georgy Zhukov. Further - as in the song:

Where are these guys are rough?

With whom in the forty first year

Somewhere under Old Russo

We froze on the ice.

With whom in the heat and cold

We walked stubbornly forward.

Our military youth -

North-Western Front.


He became chief of staff of the North-Western Front, who restrained the Nazis in Pskov and Novgorod. These were the months of the bitterest lessons of the war. Vatutin has a reputation as a competent and efficient staff general. But in July, 1942 was unexpectedly appointed commander of the Voronezh, and then the South-Western Front, and he did not let him down. The South-Western Front played an important role in the Stalingrad operation. The commander capable of commanding the front was discerned in Vatutin by Alexander Vasilevsky.

Vatutin's talent as a commander was most clearly manifested in the development of the Kursk strategic defensive operation. He developed a multi-level plan of deliberate defense - to bleed the enemy in advance prepared defensive lines and at the same time prepare the conditions for the subsequent counter-offensive against Kharkov. This large-scale and risky task was solved. As a result, the exhausted adversary could not withstand the counterstroke of the Soviet armies. Since then, the strategic initiative in the war finally passed into the hands of the Red Army. And Vatutin is undoubtedly involved in this glorious turning point.

It so happened that the troops under the command of Vatutin on various fronts defeated the German armies several times, led by Field Marshal Erich Manstein. In a tense confrontation, Army Group South was not able to hold back the 1-th Ukrainian Front of the Red Army. Early in the morning of November 6, 1943, General Vatutin entered the liberated Kiev. The city lay in ruins, but Vatutin had no doubt: "We will rebuild!". In Kiev, the enemy no longer hosted. But after that autumn, Vatutin's troops had to lose and retreat. Although the three offensive operations of Zhytomyr-Berdichev, Rivne-Lutsk and the brilliant Korsun-Shevchenkovskaya (it was then that Manstein managed to arrange Cannes!) Created Vatutin's reputation as a “general from victory”. His role in the liberation of Soviet Ukraine is difficult to overestimate.



He received a mortal wound in Kasyanov's Day, 29 of February, 1944 of the second leap ... Smershevists overlooked the crazy attack of the sabotage hundreds of UPA. At the entrance to the village of Milyatin, Ostrog district, Rivne region, a general’s machine was fired upon, Vatutin was seriously wounded in the leg. For enemies, it was an unexpected success, a happy coincidence of circumstances. In war, it happens.
The best surgeons led by the famous Nikolai Burdenko fought for the life of Vatutin. He kept saying: “Three weeks I'll miss the hospital bed, and then I will come to the front. On crutches, but I'll get it! ” Penicillin did not help (despite Nikita Khrushchev's recollections, it was used after all), and amputation of the leg did not help.



15 April 1944, Army General Vatutin, died in a Kiev hospital. He was buried in the Ukrainian capital, in the Mariinsky park. Both Kiev and Moscow gave the last honor to the commander of 24 with artillery volleys. Already in January, 1948-th over the grave of the general stood a magnificent monument by the sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich. On the pedestal - the inscription in Ukrainian. The people of Vatutin were loved and revered, because he honestly shared the soldier's fate with the millions who died. In addition, two of his brothers, Athanasius and Fyodor, were killed at the front. Such an ordinary, heroic and woeful fate of the peasant family. But they did not just die, but died for the Victory.



Even in his youth, he earned the respectful nickname of the Psychologist. And after the capture of Kiev, both enemies and comrades called him the Grand Master. Thoughtful, inclined to the analytical work of the general otherwise and can not be called. This inquisitive nugget has become a true army thinker. Khrushchev in his memoirs recalled such a feature of Vatutin: “Almost non-drinker!”. And also - not giving himself indulgences, not knowing fatigue and mood swings.

Vasilevsky recalled his pupil in the following way: “General Vatutin deservedly won himself a general recognition and nation-wide love. His name - the name of an outstanding master of driving troops, a fiery patriot of the Fatherland, a communist, a favorite of soldiers - is forever connected with our victories at Stalingrad and Kursk, when crossing the Dnieper and liberating Kiev, in Right-Bank Ukraine. ”

Vatutin's legacy is the heritage of military academies and history textbooks. And preserving the memory of a hero is a matter of honor for posterity.
Author:
Originator:
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 18 June 2017 06: 56
    +5
    present Kiev salutes the commander of the so-called rebel army.
    ..Let's call a spade a spade: Nazi accomplice ...
    1. svp67
      svp67 18 June 2017 07: 09
      +7
      Quote: parusnik
      ..Let's call a spade a spade: Nazi accomplice ...

      and the MILITARY CRIMINAL. To be exact to the end.
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 18 June 2017 07: 16
        +2
        That's right .. thanks, complemented ..
    2. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 18 June 2017 21: 56
      0
      An accomplice is a strict legal term for those who helped the invaders, but without direct military confrontation between the Red Army and partisans, for example, the Crimean Tatars' families were Nazi accomplices, and the Tatars themselves, who served in the Sonderkommando, were war criminals. So svp67 is right, an accomplice of Shukhevych - it doesn’t even pull for execution, not like a loop.
  2. svp67
    svp67 18 June 2017 07: 12
    +5
    With all due respect to the memory of General Vatutin, but on the Kursk Bulge his front did not show a special class and something outstanding. There were mistakes and it is worth recognizing. But the fact that he clearly progressed as a military leader is also not an acceptable fact and he would have become an excellent Strategist, but it didn’t work out ... And to change his name on the maps of Ukraine, the name of the MILITARY CRIMINAL is the height of cynicism.
    1. Proxima
      Proxima 18 June 2017 12: 10
      +4
      Quote: svp67
      With all due respect to the memory of General Vatutin, but on the Kursk Bulge his front did not show a special class and something outstanding.

      If you compare it with on the Kursk Bulge with Rokossovsky, then yes, you may get that impression. But, Vatutin had a front — this is a solid tank-dangerous direction, and as it turned out later, the Germans (with Manstein’s help) planned to deliver (and delivered) precisely to Vatutin’s troops. It’s also necessary to say that the “general from the offensive” near Kursk, according to for obvious reasons, was forced to be a little "out of place."
      1. svp67
        svp67 18 June 2017 12: 14
        +1
        Quote: Proxima
        If you compare it with on the Kursk Bulge with Rokossovsky, then yes, you may get that impression.

        And yet...
      2. faiver
        faiver 18 June 2017 16: 48
        0
        absolutely right, I will support your opinion
  3. moskowit
    moskowit 18 June 2017 09: 14
    +2
    Vasilevsky recalled his student:

    The author got a little excited, calling Nikolai Fedorovich, a student of Vasilevsky ....
    Yes, Alexander Mikhailovich first served as chief of the General Operations Directorate department of the General Staff, and then as a deputy chief of the General Operations Directorate, he carried on under the leadership of B.M. matured "to the first deputy chief of the General Staff, who was appointed 26.06 of the year. Vasilevsky, in the rank of Major General, headed the Operations Directorate of the General Staff from August 1940 to 13.02.1941 of the year ...
    This is how Vasilevsky writes in his book The Work of All Life about the appointment of Vatutin ...
    "... In the 1940 year they came to the General Staff. N.F. Vatutin served as the chief of the Operations Directorate, G.K. Malandin - his deputy. Later Nikolai Fedorovich became the first deputy chief of the General Staff, and G.K. Malandin - the chief of the Operational management ... "
    For a whole year, the future Marshal was subordinate to N.F. Vatutin ...
  4. midshipman
    midshipman 18 June 2017 09: 17
    +4
    Soon the streets of Hitler, Goebbels, Himler should appear in Ukrainian cities. They have done a lot for modern Ukraine. Only in Ukraine in some places were fascists met with bread and salt. Documents saved. We are preparing for such a development of events. I have the honor.
    1. Catherine II
      Catherine II 18 June 2017 22: 30
      0
      Quote: midshipman
      Soon the streets of Hitler, Goebbels, Himler should appear in Ukrainian cities

      don't appear ...
      Quote: midshipman
      They have done a lot for modern Ukraine.

      yeah, they reduced their numbers almost as independent workers ..
      then decades had to recover
      Quote: midshipman
      Only in Ukraine in some places were fascists met with bread and salt.

      met in many places ..... but not only in the USSR.
      Quote: midshipman
      I have the honor.
      with respect
      sad event. Shukhevych does not relate to the liberation of Kiev in any way.
      We also have a sad Zhukov on hundreds of heroes ... at least not on this accomplice ...
  5. BAI
    BAI 19 June 2017 10: 12
    0
    Vatutin’s leadership talent was especially evident in the development of the Kursk strategic defensive operation. He developed a multi-level plan of deliberate defense - to bleed the enemy on previously prepared defensive lines and at the same time prepare the conditions for a subsequent counter-attack on Kharkov

    “On April 12, 1943, at a meeting of Stalin with Deputy Supreme Commander-in-Chief, Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov, chief of the General Staff, Marshal of the Soviet Union Alexander Vasilevsky and his deputy, general-colonel Alexei Antonov, who relied on strategic intelligence and front-line intelligence [10], it was concluded that the Wehrmacht, after the mudslide (early May), would launch an offensive with the goal of liquidating the Kursk ledge, so a preliminary decision was made to move to strategic defense.
    By the end of the month, it was planned to properly prepare the troops of the Central (CF) and Voronezh (VF) fronts, and their military councils, in collaboration with the General Staff (GS), should develop plans for a defensive operation. On April 25 and 28, the command of both fronts reported: the fulfillment of the tasks set is basically being completed. The Supreme Command headquarters approved the general plan of the Kursk strategic defensive operation they presented and issued an order: to fully prepare the troops for repulsing the German strike by May 10, and also set the date for their possible transition to the offensive no later than June 01, 1943. "

    The idea that Vatutin is the author of deliberate defense on the Kursk Bulge arose under Khrushchev in order to raise his (Khrushchev's) significance in the Second World War. Khrushchev was a member of the military council of the Voronezh Front. And in life, Vatutin offered a preemptive counterattack against the Germans near Kursk and constantly threw his troops into suicidal counterattacks. Katukov saved his army from destruction only by directly contacting Stalin with a request to cancel Vatutin’s counterattack order. And the chiefs of the 5th Guards TA, 5th Guards Stalingrad TK and 2 Guards Tatsinsky TK did not do this, and their units were almost completely destroyed in counterattacks.
    "The success achieved by the Leibstandart divisions, and especially Das Reich, forced the command of the Voronezh Front to take hasty retaliatory measures to close the breakthrough that formed in the second frontier of the front, in conditions of incomplete clarity of situation."
  6. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 19 June 2017 21: 39
    0
    Quote from the article:
    “But in July 1942, his unexpectedly appointed the commander of Voronezh, and then the Southwestern Front, and he did not disappoint. ”

    The appointment of Vatutin as a confrontation was probably not so much unexpected as it was unusual.
    From the memoirs of Vasilevsky:
    It turned out to be more difficult with the candidacy for the commander of the Voronezh Front. Several military leaders were named, but Stalin took them away. Suddenly, Nikolai Fedorovich gets up and says:
    - Comrade Stalin! Appoint me as commander of the Voronezh Front.
    - you? - And Stalin raised his eyebrows in surprise.
    I supported Vatutin, although it was very unfortunate to let him go from the General Staff.
    JV Stalin was silent for a while, looked at me and answered:
    - Okay. If Comrade Vasilevsky agrees with you, I do not mind.

    This is a very important point that Vatutin himself asked for the post of front commander. Previously, Vatutin did not serve in command posts, neither in peacetime nor in war. Unless in 24 years, in 1925 he was a company commander for a short time. Basically, Vatutin’s entire service was headquarters before that. The author did not even pay attention to this.
    The front commander is a very high position in the Red Army, and of course, a very responsible one.
  7. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 20 June 2017 04: 56
    0
    Quote from the article:
    His name - the name of an outstanding master of driving troops, a fiery patriot of the Fatherland, a communist, a favorite of soldiers - is forever connected with our victories at Stalingrad and Kursk, during the crossing of the Dnieper and the liberation of Kiev, on the Right-Bank Ukraine


    On Kursk, Vatutin, having enough troops, could not organize a sufficiently strong defense of his front and as a result, he had to help him with reserve troops, which were planned to pursue the enemy.
    During the crossing of the Dnieper stubbornly drove troops through the Bukrinsky bridgehead, where they suffered heavy losses. Those. front grandmaster wrong with the direction of the main blow of their front, which is why the Soviet troops suffered heavy losses. Time was lost, which allowed the German generals to put the Wehrmacht’s troops in order after a mass retreat, to organize defense and organized to move to new frontiers. With the withdrawal, the Germans withdrew troops, headquarters, all equipment and even prisoners of war, including stolen men from the civilian population of draft age.
  8. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 20 June 2017 05: 10
    0
    Quote from the article:
    А mortal wound he received a leap-day at Kasyanov Day, February 29, 1944 ... The Smershevs saw a crazy attack by a sabotage of hundreds of UPA.

    Vatutin Wound was not fatal. It was quite heavy, but not fatal. The general was brought to death already during the treatment of a wound in an apartment near Khrushchev in Kiev.
  9. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 20 June 2017 05: 31
    0
    Quote from the article:
    This inquisitive nugget became a real army thinker.


    Vatutin at that time received very good education.
    When king successfully completed elementary school. Then Vatutin studied for four years commercial school in the city of Urazovo. This is far, even very far, not every village boy could receive such an education.
    Further, according to the materials of this article:
    Joined the party, continued Education at the Poltava Infantry School. I liked the army, he decided to become a professional military commander, and by 1937 he graduated, as expected, two academies.

    Well, what a nugget it is. This is a professional soldier who has passed a very long course of systematic training. Probably for the author of the article it’s so simple and such a trifle "as it should be two academies".