Military Review

Russian Ministry of Defense took up the creation of the Arctic brigades

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Today, in the era of globalization, the state of any modern economy is determined by its security with energy resources. The existing dependence will continue in the foreseeable future, even despite an intensive search for alternative sources of energy. The Arctic region, due to its huge hydrocarbon reserves and convenient air and sea routes, is attracting the attention of many countries and transnational corporations. In the Arctic, national and group interests clash, disputes over the belonging of the Arctic zones are intensifying, and military activity is increasing. Against this background, Russia's actions to strengthen its military influence in the region look logical.


Importance of the Arctic for Russia

The Arctic is part of the globe north of the Arctic Circle. Its total area is 21 million square kilometers. The Arctic includes the Arctic Ocean and marginal seas, islands located here and the adjacent parts of the land of Europe, Asia and North America. At present, Russia, Canada, USA, Norway and Denmark are considered to be subarctic states, Iceland, Sweden and Finland also claim this status. According to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea of ​​1982, the Arctic states have the sovereign right to develop the subsoil within their exclusive economic zones (up to 200 miles wide) and the continental shelf (up to 350 miles wide), although these regions of the Arctic are not part of state territories.

From an international legal point of view, the Arctic is still a “no-man’s land”. The question of the division of the region at the international level has not yet been resolved. In 1909, Canada extended its jurisdiction to the Arctic sector, concluded between the meridians, starting at the points of exit of its land boundary to the Arctic Ocean and converging at the North Pole. At that time, only Russia supported it, adopting a similar law in 1916. The three other Arctic states did not legislate their possessions in the Arctic in any way, and no one expressed any objections from Russia or Canada. In fact, the principle of sectoral division of the Arctic has become a universally recognized reality.
Russian Ministry of Defense took up the creation of the Arctic brigades

Recently, calls to revise this division have been heard more and more often, as large deposits of natural resources were discovered in the Arctic. Thus, according to estimates by the US Geological Survey, up to 20% of world hydrocarbon reserves are located in the Arctic Ocean: potential gas reserves are estimated at 47,3 trillion. m3, gas condensate in 44 billion barrels, oil in 90 billion barrels. The largest gas fields are located off the coast of Siberia and Alaska. In the future, the Arctic shelf may become a very important or even the main source of hydrocarbons. In addition to hydrocarbons, large deposits of ores were discovered here, including deposits of rare earth metals. In addition to this, the major biological resources of the planet are concentrated in the Arctic, here only fish are found in more than 150 species, with a number of them being the main ones in the global fisheries.

Russia owns almost half of the Arctic Ocean coast; in our Arctic sector, up to 80% of Russian oil reserves and 90% of gas and coal reserves are located. Only one Shtokman field, which is being developed by multinational companies together with Russia, has 3 800 billion m3 gas (for comparison, this is France’s gas consumption over 80 years). At present, Russia intends to submit to the United Nations an application for the expansion of its Arctic possessions for another 1,2 million km2 (three areas of Germany). In the American sector, oil reserves of the Chukchi Sea alone are estimated at 15 million barrels, and gas over 2 000 billion m 3. Large hydrocarbon reserves are located in the Canadian sector.

In addition to the resource, the Arctic has an important strategic military value. There are convenient positions for the placement of elements of strategic deterrence systems, for the launch of ballistic missiles and the location of missile defense systems. Thanks to global warming and the gradual reduction of ice, the naval forces are able to operate in this region for a considerable part of the year.

Another important value of the region is transport. The shortest air and sea routes between Eurasia and North America pass through the Arctic. By reducing the area of ​​ice in the Arctic, the length of routes between Europe and the Far East can be reduced by 40%. Now the use of these transport routes is hampered by the difficulties of navigation and flights in these latitudes, as well as the insufficiently developed transport infrastructure.

Arctic troops will be created by 2015 year

Last week, 21 February, the Commander-in-Chief of the Ground Forces, Colonel-General Alexander Postnikov announced that the first Arctic Rifle Brigade would be created by the 2015 year. "In accordance with the expected arrival of promising special equipment in 2015, a team that will meet all the requirements of the region must be created at this time," the commander in chief noted.

According to Alexander Postnikov, the technical base of the new Arctic brigades in the near future will be armored transporters, tractors MT-LBV. In the future, it will be a machine belonging to the family of combat and support equipment, based on a two-unit armored tracked unified platform. This vehicle will be able to move through deep snow and work at air temperatures around -50 degrees Celsius.

In order for the servicemen not to freeze, a special version of the winter uniform has been developed for them. According to Colonel Andrei Podoprigorin, head of the clothing department of the Department of Resource Support of the Ministry of Defense, a soldier in such a uniform can spend the night in a snowdrift without consequences for his body. This form is designed to provide military personnel who serve in regions with particularly cold climatic conditions. During her tests in the Arctic, Russian special forces soldiers slept safely 4 hours in a snowdrift without consequences for their body, Podoprigorin noted.

The training of officers for service in the Arctic brigades will be conducted on the basis of the Far Eastern Higher Military Command School. This was announced in the autumn of 2011 by the head of the school, Major General Vladimir Gryzlov. According to Gryzlov, the proposals of the Main Command of the Ground Forces on training in a platoon school for cadets on the specialization “The use of motorized rifle subunits in arctic conditions” are currently being worked out. Duration of the 4 training program of the year.

For the first time, the need to build up military capabilities on the Northern Sea Route, the Ministry of Defense announced in March 2011. A new compound for action in the Arctic was supposed to be formed on the basis of the 200 motorized rifle brigade, which is stationed in Pechenga. A few months later, Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov said that not one, but two army brigades would be created in the Arctic to protect Russian interests in the Arctic. Possible places of their deployment, he called Murmansk and Arkhangelsk. The head of the defense department emphasized that when creating new units, the military would take into account the experience of the armed forces of Norway, Finland and Sweden.

The deployment of the new Arctic brigades of the Ministry of Defense will be held in the framework of the implementation of the Russian Federation Security Council’s Foundations of the State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic for the period up to 2020 and the future. Within the framework of this document, in the coming years, groups of forces will be created in the northern regions of the country that will be able to ensure the military security of the Arctic region under various military-political situations.

Former Inspector General of the Ministry of Defense of Russia Admiral fleet Ivan Kapitanets believes that the Arctic should be seen as a potential theater of operations, so Russia just needs to increase its military presence in the region. According to him, the existing military-industrial complex will allow Russia to build up a powerful naval combat potential in the northern regions of the country, and the northern direction and the Northern Fleet should be strengthened by the fourth generation submarines of the 955 Borey project.

Special equipment

For action in the Arctic should be used special equipment. The Russian army already has samples of equipment that is successfully used in the conditions of the Far North. An example of such machines are MT-LBV and DT-30PM "Vityaz". MT-TWT is an all-terrain modification of an armored army tractor.

This modification has wider tracks and reduced pressure on the ground (at the level of 0,27 kg / cm2), which is almost equal to the pressure on the ground of an average person. The weight of the car in 11 tons is a very good indicator. MT-TWT is intended for use in arctic regions. At the request of the customer, the machine can be equipped with tracks of the main or snow-swamp-type execution, as well as an additional body heating system that uses heat from the engine cooling system. High throughput and decent speed - up to 60 km / h make the car indispensable in army units deployed in difficult climatic and environmental conditions.

The two-door all-metal heat and noise insulated cab for 2 seats is equipped with an additional seat and upper hatches designed for emergency escape of the tractor. The car has a good view from the driver when driving both day and night. At night, the driver can use 2 headlights and a headlight finder for confident movement. The closed heated body MT-LBV has a volume 7,3 m3 and is designed for 10 seats. The presence of an autonomous heater, which can work in combination with the use of heat, which is removed from the engine cooling system, creates comfortable conditions for the crew and passengers of the MT-TWT. The total capacity of the machine is 12 people (1 + 11).
all-terrain vehicle "Vityaz" DT-30PM

An even more advanced vehicle for action in the Arctic is the tracked armored troop-carrier Vityaz DT-30PM, which is a military version of a civilian all-terrain vehicle with the code Omnipresent. Due to the versatility of the design, the Vityaz all-terrain vehicle can be successfully used as a chassis for the deployment of weapon systems, loading and unloading, earth-moving, lifting and other equipment for various purposes.

The high properties of the caterpillar propulsion, which are combined with overcoming water obstacles and confident maneuvering in any environmental conditions, make it possible to consider the Vityaz two-link all-terrain vehicles to be unique snow-bog-driven vehicles that are able to overcome long distances without engineering equipment and preliminary reconnaissance .

The main purpose of the all-terrain vehicle in the army is to transport weapons, military equipment and personnel of the armed forces in particularly difficult climatic conditions. With a mass of 30 tons, the all-terrain vehicle has the same capacity and can carry up to 19 people (crew member 2 + 17 paratroopers). The maximum vehicle speed on land is 45 km / h, afloat - 6 km / h. Cruising on the highway - 700 km.

The combination in one vehicle of such qualities as high maneuverability and throughput, maximum speed and power reserve, buoyancy and carrying capacity, the ability to overcome all sorts of obstacles and water obstacles with full load and versatility make DT-30М “Vityaz” an unparalleled vehicle. the world.
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  1. leon-iv
    leon-iv 28 February 2012 09: 21
    +3
    Umm, does the Pechenga brigade seem to be arctic in state? Or the staff will run on it.
    1. vector17
      vector17 28 February 2012 12: 02
      +8
      "Um, and the team in Pechenga seems to be Arctic in the state?" - the generals do not consider it necessary to share this information with taxpayers ... it is better to rave about the future ... there is the 200th Omsb Brigade, there is the Northern Fleet Marine Corps ... how are they doing? it's already here and now .. what does 2015 have to do with it?
  2. VadimSt
    VadimSt 28 February 2012 09: 23
    +7
    Still, to form, these brigades, from the indigenous peoples of the North. They have survival skills in the area transferred with their mother’s milk!
    1. xorgi
      xorgi 28 February 2012 13: 56
      +3
      They have a special philosophy, not all of them will be able to serve in the army and themselves will not go to a contract, and even so, the appeal does not apply to some nationalities.
    2. Yazov
      Yazov 28 February 2012 15: 17
      +3
      They can live and survive in the cold, but how will they fight? ,, My your do not understand! ,,, ,, Russian come on vodka! ,, ???
  3. Anatoly
    Anatoly 28 February 2012 09: 31
    +3
    It's nice that Russia immediately thinks about it and makes decisions. "Battles" for the Arctic are still ahead.
    Who managed, he ate ...
    1. vadimus
      vadimus 28 February 2012 10: 29
      0
      If you don’t fight for the Arctic, then what is it worth fighting for? Originally the northern people ...
    2. KGB161rus
      KGB161rus 28 February 2012 13: 05
      +1
      You’ll see in a year and a half, graters for the Arctic will begin, but what’s there, they have already begun, one of the American senators (not John lol ) said that it is necessary to bring the US Navy into the Arctic, then they say that the problems will be solved, another senator said that Russia is not gentle on the Arctic, it already has a large territory and why only one country on the planet has so many resources, they say it’s not fair, so what do you draw conclusions about and what significance does the Arctic territory and Euro missile defense have for us, all this leads to future confrontations, and you need to be prepared for them!
      1. SIT
        SIT 28 February 2012 17: 32
        +4
        In order to introduce US NAVY into the Arctic, they will have to conclude a contract for ice piloting with the Russian linear icebreaking fleet, as further than the Aion ice mass in the Chukchi Sea, one cannot go without it. No one else has such an icebreaking fleet.
  4. gispanec
    gispanec 28 February 2012 09: 48
    +5
    Quote: Anatoly
    Still, to form, these brigades, from the indigenous peoples of the North. They have survival skills in the area transferred with their mother’s milk!

    They (men) live up to 35-45 years old ... and feed their own, no, they can be involved as trackers, informants (provide satellite communications), etc., etc. It is necessary to revive the base ... Dixon, Tiksi , Pevek .... well, to the heap of N. Zemlya, I will not say anything about the Svalbard archipelago!))
    1. leon-iv
      leon-iv 28 February 2012 10: 02
      0
      What to do there?
      Do you feel sorry for your health?
      1. negabaritnyy
        negabaritnyy 28 February 2012 11: 03
        +5
        If you do it wisely, you won’t have anything with health. But you don’t need to take indigenous people, let’s go about your business, there’s not enough of them there.
    2. Brother Sarych
      Brother Sarych 28 February 2012 13: 17
      0
      Svalbard - is he like Norwegian? Then it’s better to install a base in Oslo right away ...
  5. grizzlir
    grizzlir 28 February 2012 10: 01
    0
    It’s even better to create a special submarine flotilla for operations under the Arctic ice. As it seems to me in case of conflict, the main theater of operations will be under water.
    1. Mr. Truth
      Mr. Truth 28 February 2012 11: 00
      -3
      We have the entire subfuel KSF prepared for this.
    2. negabaritnyy
      negabaritnyy 28 February 2012 11: 04
      -2
      So it seems and so there are enough submarines.
  6. Gurza
    Gurza 28 February 2012 11: 35
    +2
    In such conditions, our AK-74 and boots can play an important role, remember only the winter of 41.
    It’s good that ours took up the Arctic shelf so tightly, we just need to build up our influence there!
  7. sanyarusian
    sanyarusian 28 February 2012 13: 07
    0
    very good. by the way knights, we have this plant in our city and he does them. very good equipment. the truth is the factory is still classified
    1. sanyarusian
      sanyarusian 28 February 2012 13: 12
      0
      and somehow I remember I rolled on such a powerful machine I will say for it there are no barriers
  8. Skiff
    Skiff 28 February 2012 13: 24
    +5
    The very essence of the article, the Arctic is melting that is fraught with environmental and biological changes, everyone thinks about oil, gas and other minerals, about benefits, humanity as a whole is wretched and inhumane, we are destroying the world in which we live with joyful exclamations and good intentions, everything is decided, all divided.
    Mother earth is nothing to us, everything is money.
  9. dred
    dred 28 February 2012 14: 14
    -1
    Cool. Really the generals began to think.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps 28 February 2012 19: 12
      +1
      it remains only to start thinking on your own.

      success in hostilities is provided not only by well-trained units and formations, but mainly by communications and logistics. if the expeditionary units with communications (via satellites or whatever) are more or less doing, then what about logistics? how to ensure an uninterrupted supply of invasion troops to all-all-all on foreign territory, and even in the conditions of the Arctic? or is it such aggression from the aggressor — throw a couple of divisions armed to the teeth to the adversary in the tundra, and then let them get out on the pasture? from such an organization of affairs all polar foxes will have a rest with laughter.
  10. 755962
    755962 28 February 2012 14: 40
    +1
    You can’t hesitate. The one who got up the first is slippers! In the future, the Arctic is a new theater of military operations.

    See the original material at http://www.interfax.ru/politics/txt.asp?id=232024
  11. gispanec
    gispanec 28 February 2012 16: 38
    0
    Quote: Brother Sarich
    Svalbard - is he like Norwegian? Then it’s better to arrange the base immediately in Oslo.

    Is it exactly that Norwegian .... do you know what Tama Russians do ?? civilians ... and even the military? ... no? ... then better keep quiet! I will answer all questions like this - I served there, period!
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps 28 February 2012 18: 50
      0
      Quote: gispanec
      do you know what tama Russians do ?? civilian ...


      I know. mining coal. the village of Barentsburg. two other Russian villages are mothballed.

      Quote: gispanec
      and even the military? ... no?


      from here in more detail.

      Quote: gispanec
      ... then better keep quiet!


      trembling inwardly from horror, however, I continue to print further at my own peril and risk ...

      Quote: gispanec
      I will answer all questions like this - I served there, period!


      on a contractual demilitarized archipelago under the sovereignty of Norway? and by whom? as a night watchman on the tundra barked?

      how to lie so mediocre, would have studied the Svalbard Treaty of 1920. at the same time, they would know that all the countries participating in the Treaty have the right to conduct research and commercial activities on the archipelago. and under Article 3 of the Treaty, the archipelago itself and coastal waters are a demilitarized zone.

      where do you come from, terribly conspiratorial fighters of the invisible front?
  12. SIT
    SIT 28 February 2012 17: 53
    +2
    If these brigades will be in Murmansk and Arkhangelsk how to deliver them to the eastern sector in winter, when Sevmor does not pass the way? I hardly imagine the invasion of anyone other than aliens in Taimyr or Yamal on a polar night and in winter. How do they get there? You can’t throw a lot through the air, and most importantly, it will be necessary to establish survival there before fighting. Sometimes a person just left the beam in a blizzard, and at 5 meters nothing is visible. I went back and walked past the beam. It will thaw in the spring and will be found about 20 meters away. Yes, in a hole from a bullet an hour later a small snowdrift will be filled into the beams, and if you flash it with a burst, you will not warm any stove. I can not imagine the American marines from bases in Florida and California in such conditions. I saw them in Alaska in Anchorage. It’s a pity to look at Black, and White is no better either. And there winter is like in St. Petersburg. In Firebanks, where in the winter under -50 no one even thinks of conducting exercises. And on the Yamal Peninsula fifty is not uncommon. Active days. Loading and unloading is prohibited - steel cables burst like threads.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps 28 February 2012 19: 05
      +2
      marines or not marines, but special forces and in the conditions of the Arctic dryuchat.

      from my own experience of the service I will say that it is possible to bend even with less cold. in our brigade (it seems, it was in '84), several reconnaissance groups did not die very little during the freezing rain. it's much worse than just frost and -50.

      but I also have no idea what to do in the Arctic conditions for the "polar brigades" on a permanent basis. The Far North must be developed, a long-term state program is needed. to settlements or cities, infrastructure, mining and production. there are enough border guards for observation, and in case of an invasion of armed walruses, mobile units with transport aircraft should be kept further south, an hour and a half away. it's all about logistics. no fool would throw an invasion brigade into the tundra without constant support from the rear. some kind of insanity.
    2. Castor oil
      Castor oil 28 February 2012 23: 23
      0
      Quote: SIT
      on the Yamal Penny fifty is not uncommon. Active days. Loading and unloading is prohibited - steel cables burst like threads.

      Well, it’s not so scary - people work there, quite normally and successfully.
  13. vladimir64ss
    vladimir64ss 28 February 2012 18: 13
    0
    We are the Northern people and it is natural for us to cherish our territory, all the more so at the heap salivating from envy.
  14. gispanec
    gispanec 28 February 2012 19: 25
    0
    Quote: Zynaps
    how to lie so mediocre, would have studied the Svalbard Treaty of 1920. at the same time, they would know that all the countries participating in the Treaty have the right to conduct research and commercial activities on the archipelago. and under Article 3 of the Treaty, the archipelago itself and coastal waters are a demilitarized zone.

    you want to say in the vicinity of Barentsburg there have never been military men from the USSR (Russia) .... and you dare to be based on this agreement? It was a contract with Hitler too ... it’s so ... by the way about a piece of paper. I advise you not to shake the air and buy, for example, a tour to this god-forgotten village .... take a walk .... look .... can you go everywhere? .... suddenly you will be told in Russian from the dark ... wait! back! and they’ll give a kick in the ass .... try, and then vote .. although maybe 5-7 years how everything is canned .... but they definitely look.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps 28 February 2012 20: 00
      -1
      and you are a fun adventure.

      yes, I dare to be based on the Treaty, because no party has treacherously, like Hitler, violated its position since 1920. but now you, so liquidly handled, now you want this with all the passion?

      I also note that you, as a primitive network brehl, attract by their ears the rather popular trick among demagogues Reductio ad Hitlerum - give Hitler as an example, believing that this will give you +100 points to credibility. so no - it won’t.

      along the way, you, a clinical brehlo, are trying to pass the soft as warm. if the conserved objects are guarded, then they can only be guarded by some kind of lie or the local police, which are not armed forces. because - we are looking at part 3 of the Agreement.

      other significant hints and ellipses also eloquently give out bombastic yap, letting fog and mystery into the discussion.

      number military unit, stationed on Svalbard, do not tell me?
    2. Zynaps
      Zynaps 28 February 2012 20: 17
      0
      Shkolota’s arguments ended and she took up the plus.

      how familiar it is.
  15.  pistons
    pistons 28 February 2012 20: 28
    0
    I heard this great news 3 years ago lol
  16. gispanec
    gispanec 28 February 2012 20: 37
    0
    Quote: Zynaps
    number military unit, stationed on Svalbard, do not tell me?

    no. tell me why would I do this? firstly you are inadequate people, secondly I do not want to mine coal there

    Quote: Zynaps
    cite Hitler as an example

    only in the quality of paper that in our time is just cellulose, if you really want it you can .... examples and a bunch more!
    Quote: Zynaps
    along the way, you, a clinical brehlo, are trying to pass the soft as warm. if the conserved objects are protected, then only some fire or local police can protect them
    .
    complete nonsense of the patient .... he himself understood what he wrote?

    Quote: Zynaps
    other significant hints and ellipses also eloquently give out bombastic yap, letting fog and mystery into the discussion.

    I’m not discussing it, I wrote my opinion on the article, but sir, apparently, except for turning on the govnomet you need to calm down a little, drink, read the classics and turn to positive.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps 28 February 2012 22: 03
      -1
      Quote: gispanec
      no. tell me why would I do this? firstly you are inadequate people, secondly I do not want to mine coal there


      firstly, since when are we on "you"? I didn’t drink braudershaft together with you and I didn’t lie in a puddle.

      secondly, above you assured the opponent that you personally served on Svalbard. You also convinced me to visit the island (or the entire archipelago?) in order to visit the closed towns and see for yourself something. what is it?

      and after all this wild delirium you undertake to talk about someone's adequacy? Take haloperidol.

      Quote: gispanec
      only in the quality of paper that in our time is just cellulose, if you really want it you can .... examples and a bunch more!


      paper is cellulose. unlike existing international treaties. to convince me that all contracts are cellulose - and continue to carry nonsense in half with nonsense.

      Quote: gispanec
      complete nonsense of the patient .... he himself understood what he wrote?


      Unlike you, I do not suffer from dyslexia and dullness over an absolutely understandable text. so I definitely understand. Can you explain on your fingers what a "demilitarized territory" is and why there can be a maximum of armed police present on it?

      Quote: gispanec
      I’m not discussing it, I wrote my opinion on the article, but sir, apparently, except for turning on the govnomet you need to calm down a little, drink, read the classics and turn to positive.


      I need to explain where I usually send impassable figures with their unsolicited advice?
  17. Mishutka
    Mishutka 28 February 2012 21: 04
    0
    My heart feels Arctic TVD will be hot what Therefore, it is simply necessary to increase the presence.
  18. gispanec
    gispanec 28 February 2012 22: 31
    -2
    Quote: Zynaps
    firstly, since when are we on "you"? I didn’t drink the brakes together with you and didn’t lie in the same puddle

    so ever since you started to be rude

    Quote: Zynaps
    what is it?

    so buy a deer tour and find out

    Quote: Zynaps
    I need to explain where I usually send impassable figures with their unsolicited advice?

    But what's the point? I absolutely pump up on your hysteria and your gavnomet.
    Hope the presentation is over ...... the curtain ... the clowns are gone.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps 28 February 2012 22: 42
      -2
      Quote: gispanec
      so ever since you started to be rude


      Is it when I, you garbage crap, caught the tongue? offended the mouse - dug into the hole.

      Quote: gispanec
      so buy a deer tour and find out


      only after you buy a tour on foot erotic journey.

      Quote: gispanec
      But what's the point? I absolutely pump up on your hysteria and your gavnomet.


      next time you start to lie, do it with your brain on.

      Quote: gispanec
      Hope the presentation is over ...... the curtain ... the clowns are gone.


      good luck, you are anal.
  19. gispanec
    gispanec 28 February 2012 22: 49
    0
    Quote: Zynaps
    good luck, you are anal.

    are you talking about 84 when in the ice rain the threads in your point were twisted as far as the 2nd reconnaissance group ??
    Quote: Zynaps
    only after you buy a tour on foot erotic journey

    Of course I’ll buy with you .... what thread do you have? floor to prepare and rip off without pain
  20. Kamaz
    Kamaz 22 March 2012 18: 42
    0
    North is our advantage! Accurately noticed GurZa about Stalingrad! African Americans and Americans don’t get cold! Give them the same Florida and the Caucasus!