Military Review

Happy Birthday, Aurora! 120 years since the beginning of the construction of the cruiser

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Yes, few ships in stories humanity can boast of such a period of its existence. And the more existence as a ship. Even if the ship-museum.

The value of the Aurora is huge, given the fact that we have only 10 real ships and one remark in the status of museum ships. And Aurora is also one of the oldest. Next to him you can put the world's oldest icebreaker museum "Angara", which stands in Irkutsk. They are the same age.

And the matter is not even in the political component, which allowed Aurora to live for so many years. It is great that that night the cruiser's gun babahnul single, thanks to this not very special and remarkable fact we have at our disposal a cruiser who has plowed more than one war. Wonderful.

So, "Aurora".

Happy Birthday, Aurora! 120 years since the beginning of the construction of the cruiser


The cruiser "Aurora", like other ships of its type ("Diana" and "Pallas"), was built on the shipbuilding program 1895, in order to "equate our naval forces with the German and with the states adjacent to the Baltic states."

Diana-type cruisers became one of the first Russian armored cruisers, the design of which took into account, first of all, the experience of foreign countries. Nevertheless, for its time (in particular, during the Russian-Japanese war), ships of this type turned out to be ineffective due to the "backwardness" of many tactical and technical elements (speed, armament, booking).

The 1895 shipbuilding program assumed construction from 1896 to 1905. 36 new ships, among them nine cruisers, two of them (then - three) - "karapasnyh", that is, armored. Subsequently, these three armored cruisers became the Diana type.

The basis for the development of future cruisers was the design of the cruiser 6000 tons of displacement created by S.C. Warrior, the prototype of which was the newest (launched in 1895) English cruiser HMS Talbot and French armored cruiser D'Entrecasteaux (1896).

At the beginning of June 1896, the planned series was expanded to three ships, the third of which (the future Aurora) was ordered to be laid in the New Admiralty. 20 April 1896 Maritime Technical Committee (MTC) approved the technical design of the I class armored cruiser.

31 March 1897, Emperor Nicholas II ordered to call the cruiser under construction “Aurora” in honor of the sailing frigate “Aurora”, famous for the defense of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky during the Crimean War.

Despite the fact that the work on the construction of the Aurora was actually started much later than the Diana and Pallas, the official bookmark of cruisers of this type took place on one day: 23 in May 1897 in the old style. In a new style, it will be 4 Jun. This day can be considered the birthday of the ship.



The stacking works were started in the fall of 1897, and they dragged on for three and a half years (largely due to the unreadiness of individual elements of the ship). Finally, on May 24, the 1900 Corps was launched in the presence of Emperor Nicholas II and Empresses Maria Feodorovna and Alexandra Feodorovna.



Following this, the installation of the main machines, auxiliary mechanisms, general ship systems, weapons and other equipment began. In 1902, for the first time in Russian navy The Aurora received Hall system anchors, a novelty that the other two ships of this type did not have time to equip. In the summer of 1900, the cruiser passed the first tests, the last on June 14, 1903.

The Aurora’s hull has three decks: the upper one and two internal ones (battery and armored), and also a tank superstructure. On the entire perimeter of the armor deck, which was called residential, is a platform, two more - on the ends of the ship.



The main transverse bulkheads (below the armor deck) divide the interior of the hold into thirteen compartments. Four compartments (bow, boiler rooms, engine rooms, aft) occupy the space between the armored and battery decks and provide the ship’s unsinkability.

The outer steel plating had a thickness of up to 16 mm and was attached to the set with two rows of rivets. In the underwater part of the hull, the steel sheets were fastened in the bottom, while in the surface part, they were fastened on the back plates. The thickness of the sheeting of the bulwarks reached 3 mm.

The underwater part of the hull and its surface part on the 840 mm above the waterline had a millimeter copper lining, which, to avoid electrochemical corrosion and fouling, was attached to a wooden ticked panel fixed to the hull with bronze bolts.

On the cruiser there were two masts, the bases of which were attached to the armored deck. Foremast height - 23,8 m; main mast - 21,6 m.



The boiler plant consisted of 24 boilers of the Belleville system of the 1894 model, which were located in three compartments (fore, aft and middle boiler). On the sides of the cruiser were laid pipes of the main steam line to the main steam engines. Auxiliary boilers "Aurora", like other ships of the type, did not have. In view of this, steam was supplied to the auxiliary mechanisms through the steam line from the main boilers.

Above all three boiler houses there was a chimney 27,4 m in height. To ensure the operation of the boilers in the ship tanks 332 t of fresh water was contained (for the crew’s needs - 135 t), which could be replenished with the help of desalination systems of the circle, the total productivity of which reached 60 tons of water per day.

To place the coal on the Aurora, there were 24 coal pits located in the inter-air space at the boiler houses, as well as 8 coal pits of spare fuel located between the armored and battery decks throughout the engine rooms. These 32 pits could hold up to 965 tons of coal. 800 tons of coal were considered as normal fuel reserves. A full supply of coal could be enough for 4000 miles of navigation at speeds of 10 knots.

The main engines were three triple-expansion steam engines (total power - 11600 hp). They should have been able to provide 20-node speed (during the tests, the Aurora reached the maximum speed in 19,2 knots, which generally exceeded the maximum speed of the Diana and Pallas in the tests).

Cruiser propulsion - three three-blade bronze propellers. The middle screw was a screw of the left rotation, the right one rotated counterclockwise, the left one - clockwise (view from the stern to the bow).

The living quarters were calculated on the 570 man crew (20 officers and 550 conductors and lower ranks) and on the placement of the flagship of the compound with its headquarters. The lower ranks slept on hanging beds located in the bow of the ship, 10 conductors were located in five double cabins on the armor deck, officers and admirals - in rooms in the stern of the ship. The food supply was calculated for two months.







The Aurora’s artillery was made up of eight 152-mm with a barrel length 45 of Cana’s system calibers, placed one on the forecastle and a canteen and six on the upper deck (three on each side). The maximum range of the gun to 9800 m, the rate of fire - 5 rounds per minute with mechanical projectile feed and 2 round - with manual. The total ammunition consisted of 1414 shots. The shells in their action were divided into armor-piercing, high-explosive and shrapnel.





On the upper and battery decks, twenty-four 75-mm were installed with 50 barrel lengths of Kane system guns on vertical Möller system machines. Firing range - up to 7000 m, firing rate - 10 shots per minute with mechanical feed and 4 - with manual feed. Their ammunition totaled armor-piercing 6240 cartridges.

8 single Hotchkiss 37-mm guns and two Baranovsky 63,5-guns of the Baranovsky system were installed on Mars and the bridges. For these guns, respectively, there were 3600 and 1440 cartridges.

Mine warheads included one surface retractable torpedo tube, firing torpedoes through a stem apple, and two submersible traverse shield devices, mounted side by side.


The rounded thickening in the nose just above the green line - this is the nasal torpedo tube.

The shooting of Whitehead torpedoes was done with compressed air at a ship’s speed up to 17 knots. Torpedo tubes firing was carried out with the help of three sights (one for each vehicle) located in the conning tower. The ammunition was eight torpedoes with a caliber of 381 mm and a range of 1500 m. Two of them were stored at the nose, and another six - in the department of underwater vehicles.

The mine armament also included 35 spheroconical barrage mines, which could be installed from rafts or boats and craft boats. On the sides of the Aurora, anti-mine networks of an obstacle were hung out on special tubular poles if the cruiser was anchored in an open roadstead.

The external communication of the ship was provided by signal flags, and also (rarely) by Manjen's “flashlights” - searchlights with 75 mirror diameter, see. The main purpose of the latter was to illuminate the enemy destroyers in the dark. "Aurora" was armed with six searchlights.

For the night distant visual alarm on the cruiser there were two sets of lights of the system of Colonel V.V. Tabulevich. This means, new for that time, consisted of two lamps of red and white colors.

To enhance the intensity of the lights, a special combustible powder was used, which, under favorable meteorological conditions, made it possible to see the lights at a distance of 10 miles. Signaling was carried out by transmitting numbers in Morse code: the dot was indicated by a flash of a white lantern, and a dash - by red.

Observation was carried out using telescopes and binoculars.

The cruiser artillery fire control system allowed the artillery officer to control the entire artillery of the ship and each weapon separately. The distance to the target was measured using the Barra and Stroud system range finder in England.



The prolonged sea trials allowed the Aurora to make its first access to the sea only on September 25. Cruiser was sent to the Far East along the Portland - Algeria - La Spezia - Bizerte - Piraeus - Port Said - Suez port route. Having reached Djibouti at the end of January 1903, the connection of Rear Admiral A.A. Virenius learned of the beginning of the war with Japan and went back to the Baltic, where 1904 arrived in April.

After returning to the Baltic Sea, the Aurora was included in the 2-nd squadron of the Pacific Fleet, which was to leave for Vladivostok as soon as possible, in order, first, to help the Pacific Navy squadron, and, second, to break Japanese fleet and establish dominance in the Sea of ​​Japan. The cruiser arrived under the command of Vice-Admiral Z. P. Rozhestvensky, and on October 1 2 left Libauu as part of his unit, thus starting a long transition to the Pacific Ocean.

October 7 cruiser and its connection almost reached the shores of Great Britain, which was a political opponent of Russia in the fight against Japan and the ally of the latter - so Z. P. Rozhestvensky ordered to bring all ships on high alert. In the Dogger Banks area, a compound found unidentified vessels (which turned out to be British fishing vessels) and shelled them. Moreover, the Aurora and Dmitry Donskoy also came under fire from the battleships. This so-called Gull incident eventually caused a major international scandal and led to a peak in the deterioration of relations between Russia and Great Britain.

And Aurora suffered its first losses. The cruiser "Aurora" got 5 shells fired by Russian ships, which was seriously wounded by the ship's hieromonk Anastasia Rukin (his hand was torn off, in October 1904, he died in the Tangier hospital) and easily - the commander.

By 1 in May 1905 the squadron of Rozhestvensky reached Van-Fong Bay, from where it left for the last passage to Vladivostok. On the night of May 14, the 50 warships of the compound entered the Straits of Korea, where the Tsushima battle took place several hours later.

In the course of this battle, the Aurora acted in the composition of the Cruising Detachment of Rear Admiral O. A. Enquist. Because of the chosen Rozhestvensky construction of the Aurora ships, like the other cruisers of their unit, in the first 45 mines of the battle (from 13 h. 45 min. To 14 h. 30 min.) Did not participate.

K 14 h. 30 min. nine Japanese cruisers chose the transport ships of the Russian squadron as their targets, and the Aurora, together with the flagship cruiser Oleg, engaged them in battle. As far as possible, they were also helped by “Vladimir Monomakh”, “Dmitry Donskoy” and “Svetlana”.

However, the defeat of the Russian squadron was already inevitable. With the onset of the night of 15 in May, the scattered ships of the Russian squadron made separate attempts to break through to Vladivostok. So, "Aurora", "Oleg" and "Pearls" made such attempts, but unsuccessfully. Dodging torpedo attacks by Japanese destroyers, these ships received an order from O. A. Enquist to turn south, thereby leaving the battle zone and the Korean Strait.

By May 21, these three cruisers, with nearly completed fuel supplies, were able to reach the Philippine Islands, where they were interned by Americans in the port of Manila. During the battle of Tsushima "Aurora" was seriously damaged; 10 crew man was killed, another 80 - injured. The only officer of the cruiser who died in battle was his commander, captain of the 1 rank, E. G. Egorev.





Being in Manila for four months, the crew of the Aurora on its own carried out repair and restoration work.

10 October 1905 g., Having received a message about the end of the war with Japan, the St. Andrew’s flag and huys were raised again on the cruiser. The Americans returned the previously handed over locks.

Having received an order to return to the Baltic Sea, the Aurora reached Libava 19 February 1906. The state of the ship was examined there. After that, the forces of the Franco-Russian, Obukhov factories and the Kronstadt military port underwent repair of the cruiser and its artillery weapons. Already in 1907 - 1908. "Aurora" was able to take part in the training voyages.

It is noteworthy that domestic naval designers back in 1906, that is, when the Aurora only returned to Libau, appreciated the new quality level of shipbuilding in other countries.

When in September 1907 a new classification of ships of the Russian fleet was introduced, according to it (cruisers were now subdivided into armored cruisers and cruisers, and not by rank and depending on the booking system) the Aurora, as well as the Diana, was related to cruisers.

In 1909, the “Diana” (flagship), “Aurora” and “Bogatyr” were included in the “Squadron of ships designated for navigation with ship midshipmen”, and after the highest review by Nicholas II, 1 October 1909 went to the Mediterranean, in the waters of which were until March 1910.

During this time, many different exercises and exercises were conducted. 1911 - 1913 "Aurora" remained a training ship, having made long voyages to Thailand, on about. Java.

In July 1914, the First World War began. In the middle of August, almost after a ten-year break, the Aurora was included in the composition of warships, it was enlisted in the 2 Brigade of cruisers. All ships of this brigade were built before the Russian-Japanese war, so the command sought to use them only as a guard service.



In November-December, 1914 “Aurora” surveyed the fairways leading from the Gulf of Finland to the Gulf of Bothnia. Winter "Aurora" and "Diana", which was also included in the composition of this compound, held in Sveaborg, where during this time there have been some modernization. Then - again sentinel and skerny service.

Only during the 1916 campaign, the Aurora had the opportunity to participate directly in hostilities. At this time, the cruiser was at the disposal of the command of the Marine Corps, where she passed the ship control exams. During this year, the 75-mm guns of the cruiser were re-equipped in such a way as to be able to fire at low-flying low-speed aircraft, which was enough for successful shooting at aircraft of the First World War. So, being in the Gulf of Riga "Aurora" successfully repelled attacks from the air.

But the ship needed to be repaired, so 6 September 1916 of the Aurora arrived in Kronstadt. In September she was transferred to Petrograd to the extension wall of the Admiralty Plant.

During the repair, the second bottom in the area of ​​the boiler room was replaced, the cruiser received new boilers and repaired steam engines. The cruiser armament was also upgraded: the maximum elevation angle of 152-mm guns and, accordingly, the maximum firing range were increased. Spaces for the installation of three 76,2-mm anti-aircraft guns of the F. F. Lender system were prepared, which, however, were installed only in 1923.

27 February 1917 in the Admiralteisky and Franco-Russian plants, which were repaired, a strike began. The commander of the Aurora M. I. Nikolsky, wanting to prevent a riot on the ship, opened fire from a revolver on the sailors who tried to go ashore, for which he was finally shot dead by an insurgent team. From that moment on, the ship’s commanders were elected by the ship’s committee.

From 24 in October 1917, the Aurora took part directly in revolutionary events: on the orders of the Provisional Revolutionary Committee (WRC), the cruiser went upstream on the Bolshaya Neva from the extension wall of the plant to the Nikolayevsky bridge, divorced by the junkers, forcing the latter to leave.

Then the Aurora electricians brought the openings of the bridge together, thereby connecting Vasilyevsky Island with the city center. The next day, all strategic objects of the city were in the hands of the Bolsheviks. By agreement with the secretary of the Revolutionary Military Committee V. A. Antonov-Ovseenko, the Aurora “shortly before the attack of the Winter Palace began, according to the signal shot, Peter and Paul Church will give a couple of single shots of six-inch shots.”

In 21 h. 40 min. a shot of the guns of the Peter and Paul Fortress followed, and five minutes later, the Aurora fired one blank shot from the nose 152-mm gun, which made it famous. However, the storming of the Winter Palace with this shot is not directly connected in any way, as it began later.



At the end of October, 1922 began the re-deployment of the cruiser, to be used as a training ship for the Baltic Fleet. On the 23 February holiday, 1923, despite the fact that the Aurora was still not technically ready, the flag and huys were raised on the cruiser.

In June 1923, the hull of the ship was significantly repaired, somewhat later it was reequipped, including the artillery cellars and elevators were redone. Thus, the Aurora received ten 130-mm guns (instead of 152-mm), two 76,2-mm anti-aircraft guns of the Lender system, two pairs of 7,62-mm Maxim machine guns. July 18 conducted sea trials, and in the fall the cruiser took part in the maneuvers of the ships of the Baltic Fleet.

But the canonization of Aurora began earlier. 3 August 1923 The Central Executive Committee, the supreme body of state power, took charge of the cruiser. This immediately raised the ship’s ideological-political status, elevating it to the rank of a symbol of revolution.


Aurora in Bergen


In 1924, the Aurora made its first long voyage under the Soviet flag: the cruiser rounded Scandinavia, reached Murmansk and Arkhangelsk. Up to 1927, the ship participated in various campaigns (mainly in the territorial waters of the USSR). 2 November 1927 in honor of the 10 anniversary of the revolution "Aurora" was awarded the only at that time state award - the Order of the Red Banner:

“... The Presidium, recalling sincere admiration in the days of the October Revolution 10 anniversary of the Aurora cruiser in the frontline positions of the revolution, awards him with the Order of the Red Banner for the differences he showed on the October Days.
(From the CEC resolution.) "

In the same year, the epic film “October” was shot, where Aurora took part in the filming. These two events made the cruiser even more famous.

With 1928, the cruiser again became a training ship and annually conducted training trips on board with cadets abroad. In particular, Aurora visited Copenhagen, Swinemünde, Oslo, Bergen.

A visit to Bergen in August of 1930 was for Aurora the last foreign campaign due to the deterioration of the boilers (a third of them were decommissioned). The cruiser needed a major overhaul, which he went to at the end of 1933.



In 1935, for various reasons, including because it was inappropriate to repair a morally and technically obsolete ship, repairs were stopped. Now it has become dumb because of the fact that the workers of the plant. Marty did not have time to replace the boilers during the repair; the Aurora had to become a training team: it was taken to the East Kronstadt raid, where first-year cadets of naval schools were practicing.

According to some researchers, in 1941, the Aurora was planned to be excluded from the fleet, but this was prevented by the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War. When the threat of an exit of German troops to Leningrad was created, the cruiser was immediately included in the air defense system of Kronstadt. Back in June, the Aurora cadets went to the front, then began a gradual reduction of the crew of the cruiser (to the beginning of the war - 1941 people), which was distributed to the existing ships of the Baltic Fleet or to the front.



By the beginning of the war, the Aurora had ten 130-mm guns, four 76,2-and three 45-mm anti-aircraft guns and one Maxim machine gun. Since July, 1941 from the Aurora began to dismantle artillery armament and use it either on other ships (for example, in the canonies of the Peipsi Military Flotilla), or as part of land batteries.

9 July 1941. Of the nine 130-mm guns cruisers formed a special-purpose artillery battery. Of the guns found in the arsenals of Leningrad and Kronstadt, a second battery was soon formed, and both were transferred to the 42 Army of the Leningrad Front.

In the history of the defense of Leningrad, they are known as the battery "A" ("Aurora") and the battery "B" ("Baltiets" / "Bolshevik"). From the own crew of the Aurora in the personnel of the battery "A" was only a small number of fighters.

Battery "A" first opened fire on the advancing enemy on September 6, 1941. Then, during the week, the battery fought with the German tanksfighting in complete surroundings to the last shell. By the end of the eighth day of fighting, out of 165 personnel, only 26 had reached their own.

The cruiser Aurora itself took part in the hostilities near Leningrad 8 September 1941.

The crew remaining on the ship had to repel German attacks aviation, and on September 16, according to eyewitnesses, the Aurora anti-aircraft gunners managed to bring down one enemy aircraft. Moreover, the Aurora was constantly under artillery fire, which from time to time was carried out by German batteries until the final lifting of the blockade of Leningrad. In total, during the war, the cruiser received at least 7 hits. At the end of November, the living conditions on the cruiser became unbearable, and the crew was transferred ashore.

So, N. G. Kuznetsov, people's commissar of the USSR Navy, spoke out about Aurora’s modest, but still significant participation in the defense of Leningrad:

“The cruiser“ Aurora ”was not a serious combat value, but it did its best during the war years. The share of individual ships falls many years of service, even after they "lost" the original fighting qualities. Such is the cruiser "Aurora".

In the middle of 1944, it was decided to create the Leningrad Nakhimov Naval School. Part of the Nakhimovites was planned to be placed on a floating base, which the Aurora was supposed to become temporarily. However, by the decision of A. A. Zhdanov, the cruiser Aurora was to be permanently installed on the Neva, “as a monument to the active participation of the sailors of the Baltic Fleet in the overthrow of the bourgeois Provisional Government.” Immediately, work began on restoring the watertightness of the cruiser hull, which received numerous damages.

Over a three-year overhaul (from mid-July 1945 to mid-November 1948) were repaired: the hull, propellers, side-mounted steam engines, side-propeller shafts, shaft brackets of side-mounted machines, the remaining boilers. Also, a reorganization was carried out in connection with the new function of the ship-floating base.

This reorganization had a negative impact on the preservation of the historical appearance of the cruiser, as well as the alterations caused by filming. In 1947, Aurora played the role of Varyag in the eponymous film.



17 November 1948, the cruiser for the first time took its place on the eternal parking on the Bolshaya Nevka. Immediately on the "Aurora" was placed the final company Nakhimov. From that time until 1961, it became a tradition for Nakhimov graduates to live and serve on the Aurora.

By the Resolution of the RSFSR Council of Ministers No. 1327 of 30 in August 1960, the Aurora was given the official status of a memorial ship protected by the state. From 1961 to the museum that existed on the ship from 1950 on the initiative of several officers, free entry was opened, and its exposition was expanded. Soon the Aurora became one of the most popular places in the city.

The final canonization of the Aurora, turning it into a ship-symbol occurred in 1967, when, in honor of the 50 anniversary celebration of the 1917 revolution, the Aurora again made a single shot from the tank 152-mm gun exactly 21 h. 45 min.



In February, the 1968 cruiser was awarded the second most important order in the country - the October Revolution. Thus, the Aurora, once having become the first order-bearing ship, became the first twice-order ship in the history of the Soviet Navy.

By the end of the 1970's, the Aurora's hull came in disrepair. Required repair reconstruction. After making proposals from a specially created commission, repairs began in August 1984 and lasted until August 1987.

Instead of a complete restoration, it was decided to replace the old building with a new one.

26 July 1992 on the Aurora St. Andrew’s flag was raised again, and the ship was already serving as part of the Russian Navy. 1 December 2010, the cruiser "Aurora" by order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation was removed from the Navy and transferred to the balance of the Central Naval Museum.

The cruiser military crew was reorganized into a staff of three soldiers and 28 civilian personnel. Moreover, the Aurora retained the status of a warship.

September 21 The Aurora 2014 was towed to the overhaul of the Kronstadt Marine Plant of the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation for overhaul.



16 July, 2016, St. Petersburg was greeted by a cruiser who returned to his historic place after repairs.







This is the fate. Longer than the many not less deserved ships. Still, in that single woman 1917 of the year turned out to be a great sense. After years of 100, we still have a veteran ship that has gone through three wars.

God bless him, with a coup. Happy birthday, "Aurora"!

Sources:
http://wiki.wargaming.net/ru/Ship:Аврора
http://www.fontanka.ru
Skvortsov A.V. Cruiser I rank "Aurora", "Diana" and "Pallas".
Novikov V., Sergeev A. Goddess of the Russian fleet. "Aurora", "Diana", "Pallas".
Polenov L. L. Cruiser Aurora.
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56 comments
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  1. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 1 June 2017 06: 20 New
    +4
    was on the cruiser 30 years ago ... soldier
    1. igor67
      igor67 1 June 2017 13: 04 New
      0
      It was the same in 73
      1. rich
        rich 2 June 2017 01: 19 New
        +1
        Happy Birthday Aurora! Happy Birthday to the legendary cruiser!
  2. Tolstoevsky
    Tolstoevsky 1 June 2017 06: 45 New
    +3
    "The value of Aurora is enormous." As a constant reminder of betrayal
    1. Serg65
      Serg65 1 June 2017 09: 24 New
      +7
      Quote: Tolstoevsky
      "The value of Aurora is enormous." As a constant reminder of betrayal

      bully and this is written by a follower of Count Tolstoy - the count who made a lot of efforts to the collapse of the Empire!
    2. notingem
      notingem 6 June 2017 19: 59 New
      +2
      Betrayal of whom. Think with your head
  3. Amurets
    Amurets 1 June 2017 07: 43 New
    +3
    According to some researchers, in 1941 the Aurora was planned to be excluded from the fleet, however, the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War prevented this.

    In the book Polenov "Cruiser Aurora" that A.I. Matveev, sent a letter to N. Kuznetsov with a request: "Save the cruiser Aurora." There would be no happiness, but misfortune helped. Aurora saved WWII.
  4. Old26
    Old26 1 June 2017 08: 39 New
    +4
    Quote: Amurets
    In the book Polenov "Cruiser Aurora" that A.I. Matveev, sent a letter to N. Kuznetsov with a request: "Save the cruiser Aurora." There would be no happiness, but misfortune helped. Aurora saved WWII.

    That's right. Moreover, before the war, a series of project 68-K cruisers was launched.
    It was planned to have 17 (The names of 15 are known, the final result is 5) - Chapaev, Chkalov (since 1958 - Komsomolets), Zheleznyakov, Frunze, Kuibyshev, Dzerzhinsky, Lenin, Ordzhonikidze, Sverdlov, Kotovsky, Parkhomenko, Schors, Lazo, Aurora, Camo . And the new Aurora was supposed to be laid in September 1941 (on May 16 Kuznetsov signed an order to give the name Aurora to the new cruiser). And if not for the war, the fate of the Aurora would have been unknown.

    Nikolay! Apparently the pages from the book Polenov "Cruiser" Aurora "?
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 1 June 2017 10: 11 New
      +2
      Quote: Old26

      Nikolay! Apparently the pages from the book Polenov "Cruiser" Aurora "?

      Volodya! Good day. Yes you are right. It is from there. I really love the Wonderful Ships series. Not only for the main text, but also for the appendices and footnotes that in Soviet times gave a non-politicized view of the development of industry in the Russian Empire.
      And thanks for the article on the next branch, I read it very carefully, I just did not write a comment. https://topwar.ru/116772-bystryy-globalnyy-udar-c
      hast-3.html This is about her.
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 2 June 2017 10: 11 New
      0
      Quote: Old26
      And the new Aurora was supposed to be laid in September 1941 (on May 16 Kuznetsov signed an order to give the name Aurora to the new cruiser). And if not for the war, the fate of the Aurora would have been unknown.

      And this would be the third Aurora.
      Prior to this, on September 25, 1940, the name "Aurora" was assigned to the Admiral Butakov, who was planning to be reorganized into the KRL training cruiser. This restructuring was canceled after it became clear that it would drag on for 3-4 years, and the resulting ship would cost only a third cheaper than a full-fledged KRL, etc. 26.
  5. moskowit
    moskowit 1 June 2017 09: 44 New
    +6
    Interesting. Everyone is accustomed to the canonical image of the Aurora, and the material shows the "everyday" life of the legendary ship. This, apparently, is the only ship of the Russian fleet whose image is minted on a coin ...
    1. alstr
      alstr 1 June 2017 10: 46 New
      +5
      Well, do not forget that he is also depicted on the Order of the October Revolution. So, this is the only ship that received the order with its image.
  6. Old26
    Old26 1 June 2017 10: 30 New
    +1
    Quote: Amurets
    Quote: Old26

    Nikolay! Apparently the pages from the book Polenov "Cruiser" Aurora "?

    Volodya! Good day. Yes you are right. It is from there. I really love the Wonderful Ships series. Not only for the main text, but also for the appendices and footnotes that in Soviet times gave a non-politicized view of the development of industry in the Russian Empire.
    And thanks for the article on the next branch, I read it very carefully, I just did not write a comment. https://topwar.ru/116772-bystryy-globalnyy-udar-c
    hast-3.html This is about her.

    Nikolay! Thank you - thank you, but I must say that my share in this article is extremely small. I simply wrote to the author that he was not right in relation to the SPRN stations and that I requested amendments to the request - I simply made them. so there’s only my fragment on the radar. The rest is the author himself
  7. alstr
    alstr 1 June 2017 10: 52 New
    +6
    It is also worth mentioning an interesting fact: "In November 1910, the Aurora set sail abroad. While on the Mediterranean Sea, the cruiser visited Messina to receive a gold medal in honor of the Russian sailors who took part in rescue operations during the earthquake of 1908. In the first the night of the visit, a big fire broke out in the city; an emergency party from the cruiser first arrived at the scene of the disaster and entered the fight against fire long before the arrival of the city fire brigade. "
    1. Banshee
      1 June 2017 11: 08 New
      +1
      Yes, there was such a fact, thanks.
  8. unknown
    unknown 1 June 2017 11: 46 New
    +2
    For the Russian-Japanese war, a normal cruiser.
    1. Displacement for an ocean ship was minimally acceptable. The British believed that the displacement of the ocean cruiser should be at least 6000 tons. The Japanese, with their rank II cruisers, were tormented: poor seaworthiness, low combat stability, etc.
    2. Reservation. The KMU is reliably protected by a crank armored deck. The fact that the bevels did not prevent the ingress of water into the body ..., but the schemes with an inclined inner belt prevented it? Or an American scheme with a short and narrow belt and internal cellar protection? In the Tsushima battle, Asama received two shells in the rear of the hull, above the armored deck. But, the poor quality of the armor led to the flooding of the aft end.
    3. The speed. Real 17 knots long. Oddly enough, but the real speed of the Japanese armored cruisers was from 15 to 17 knots. The Japanese, having restored the Pallada, received a speed of 20 knots on it, and a maximum speed of 21,5 knots. All that was needed was to redistribute the loads, set up the CMU and replace the screws. And no problems with supposedly unsuccessful body contours.
    4. Armament. Even with such a set of artillery. side volley of five 6 "." Varyag "- six." Askold "- seven, but also in the Yellow Sea six (one side left in Arthur).
    1. Alf
      Alf 1 June 2017 18: 15 New
      0
      Quote: ignoto
      For the Russian-Japanese war, a normal cruiser.

      And if you compare with Oleg, Askold or the Athlete? The same peers, the same six thousandths.
      By the way, the full cost of Aurora amounted to 6 million 400 thousand rubles, Askold-5 million, Athlete-6 million. With a higher quality of both the ship and its performance characteristics.
      1. K2017
        K2017 3 June 2017 14: 13 New
        +1
        Quote: Alf
        And if you compare with Oleg, Askold or the Athlete? The same peers, the same six thousandths.

        So what? It is customary to compare classmates, not peers.
        By the way, Bogatyr and Askold are partly still classmates.
    2. K2017
      K2017 3 June 2017 14: 11 New
      +1
      Quote: ignoto
      For the Russian-Japanese war, a normal cruiser.

      Have you ever seen the performance characteristics of this "normal cruiser"?
      Quote: ignoto
      Displacement for an ocean ship was minimally acceptable.

      Also ocean. Well, at least not intergalactic.
      Quote: ignoto
      Oddly enough, but the real speed of the Japanese armored cruisers was from 15 to 17 knots.

      Gee-gee-gee. Asama and Yoshino, the most sucks, 19,5 knots. The rest, except for frank junk, more. Up to 20,5 Azum nodes and 21,0 Otov nodes.
      Quote: ignoto
      The Japanese, having restored the Pallada, received a speed of 20 knots on it, and a maximum speed of 21,5 knots. All that was needed was to redistribute the loads, set up the CMU and replace the screws. And no problems with supposedly unsuccessful body contours.

      Not 20, but 200 knots. And this is with Mikasa on the trailer.
      It is impossible to get 20 knots on such machines and with such dimensions. The laws of hydrodynamics do not allow.
      Quote: ignoto
      Even with such a set of artillery. side volley of five 6 "." Varyag "- six." Askold "- seven, but also in the Yellow Sea six (one side left in Arthur).

      Eeeee. Yes, you, my brother, are not boom-boom at all in the cruisers. These are, after all, ships of completely different classes. Cruiser, this is not a ship class.
  9. su76a2
    su76a2 1 June 2017 12: 43 New
    +5
    Was on it last year with his wife and child. Everyone liked it. And my great-grandfather, Vasily Semenovich Dudarev, served in it in 1917. When he told this to his son (7 years old), the child had so much pride smile - boasted to all friends in the yard smile
  10. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 1 June 2017 14: 21 New
    +4
    Instead of a complete restoration, it was decided to replace the old building with a new one.

    Not everything is so simple. ©
    On the Aurora in the 80s of the last century, the underwater part of the hull was replaced. Moreover, from the outside, the casing and adjacent structures were changed even above the waterline, and the internal structures were preserved almost to the lowest level.
    Periscope had a photo report on the Aurora with the exact border of a remake and original designs.
    Three decks were put back on the Zhdanov, and only the lowest remake. And a new paneling was inserted at the floor level of the living deck - since otherwise it was impossible, it generally rotted by the eightieth year.


    This diagram clearly shows how the historical Aurora was inserted into new sides. Look, the letter A is the place where the old building and the new casing of 1984 merge, and B is the level where the border of the old and the new passes from the inside. It turns out that the “newly-made” volumes occupy about 12-15% of the total volume of premises.

    http://periskop.livejournal.com/1408802.html
    Visually, the remake from the historical part differs “by the time”: it is difficult to confuse welded structures with riveted ones.
    1. Blue fox
      Blue fox 1 June 2017 14: 30 New
      +2
      The historical part rested in the Luga Bay.
      http://wikimapia.org/#lang=ru&lat=59.754277&a
      mp; lon = 28.413734 & z = 14 & m = b & show = / 43994
      53/ru/%D0%94%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%89%D0%B5-%D0%BA%D1%80
      %D0%B5%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0-%C2%AB%D0%90
      %D0%B2%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B0%C2%BB
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 1 June 2017 15: 20 New
        +1
        Quote: Blue Fox
        The historical part rested in the Luga Bay.

        Judging by the history of the Aurora service, this part is also not very historical - since the post-war repair, it has been full of concrete. And the 3 war years that Aurora spent in a half-flooded state, sitting on the ground in the harbor of Oranienbaum, had an effect.
      2. Monarchist
        Monarchist 1 June 2017 16: 08 New
        0
        They showed it on TV two times, in the nearest villages there are now objects from the Aurora, some said that as soon as they found out that the Aurora had rushed to rob. The lucky ones got pre-revolutionary coins.
  11. da Vinci
    da Vinci 1 June 2017 16: 08 New
    +5
    Not a coup, but a REVOLUTION !!! good
    1. K2017
      K2017 3 June 2017 14: 13 New
      0
      Quote: da Vinci
      Not a coup, but a REVOLUTION !!!

      Can you name the signs of the revolution? And find them there?
      1. da Vinci
        da Vinci 3 June 2017 16: 24 New
        +1
        Revolution (from the late Lat. Revolutio - turn, coup, transformation, conversion) - a radical, radical, profound, qualitative change, a leap in the development of society, nature or knowledge, coupled with an open gap with the previous state. A revolution as a qualitative leap in development, as faster and more substantial changes, are distinguished both from evolution (where development takes place more slowly), and from reform (during which a change in any part of the system is made without affecting existing foundations).
        (From Wikipedia) hi
        A more radical change in the political system can hardly be invented. Is it better - look at the photographs of Russia in 1905 - 1935 - 1965 - 1985. If there are no qualitative changes, then request
        1. K2017
          K2017 3 June 2017 20: 37 New
          0
          Quote: da Vinci
          A more radical change in the political system can hardly be invented.

          A radical change in the political system is not in itself a revolution. Because it, this change, happens in 2 directions. One way is a revolution. And in another, reaction. And both times the change in government will be radical.
          As for the events of October 1917 - January 1918, then in comparison with the period of March-October 1917. in Russia there was a banal reactionary armed coup. Radical, with a change of elites. The seizure of power and restoration of the previous, pre-revolutionary (before the bourgeois revolution of March 1917) orders. Under the auspices of the new nobles, the Bolsheviks. And those same Bolshevik revolutionaries from the point of view of normal, not Soviet history, they are ordinary reactionaries. Contra, to use the language of those years.
          Further, at the end of 1927. Someone Dzhugashvili (from under-educated seminarians and former raiders) muddied the USSR with complete insanity. But that's another story.
          Quote: da Vinci
          Is it better - look at the photographs of Russia in 1905 - 1935 - 1965 - 1985. If there are no qualitative changes, then

          How do you know how Russia could have developed if the reactionary Bolshevik coup of October 1917 - January 1918 had not happened? Maybe today it would be an eldorado country?
          1. Zulu_S
            Zulu_S 3 June 2017 23: 46 New
            0
            About a reactionary coup or revolution, you can argue for a long time with foam at the mouth, and with a grip on the chest. And stay with your opinion. Not in the history of the subjunctive mood. The "progressive" interim government did not hold power; the Bolsheviks did what they could. In a hundred years, historians will put an end to it. Maybe.
            1. K2017
              K2017 3 June 2017 23: 57 New
              0
              Quote: Zulu_S
              About a reactionary coup or revolution, you can argue for a long time with foam at the mouth, and with a grip on the chest

              Why argue? Everything is clear and generally obvious.
              Yes, someone may not like it, that VOSR as a result was not a revolution at all, but a reactionary coup. But you won’t erase words from a song. Even if you bury your head in the sand.
              Quote: Zulu_S
              The "progressive" interim government did not hold power

              No matter how you put the word "progressive" in quotes, but it is. In addition, you still forget the fact that it was LEGITIMATE. As well as the Constituent Assembly dispersed by the Bolsheviks. But the Bolsheviks were not at all legitimate. Because they were ordinary reactionary coupists.
              But they won. And the winners are not judged. At least right away.
          2. da Vinci
            da Vinci 4 June 2017 13: 38 New
            +1
            I can’t know how it would develop “if”, I know how it developed in reality, what it was like in comparison with other countries in the 30s, 40s, 50s, 60s and so on. I know that VOSR has become that it has changed the perception of a working person all over the world from the concept of "working cattle", which is driven with a whip and a fine, to "working man" who needs to pay a good salary, and he will do his job as best as possible. And what about those countries that were powerless colonies, and have become one of the largest leaders in the economy (India, China). Yes, a lot of things, but alas, you do not understand. request
            1. K2017
              K2017 4 June 2017 13: 54 New
              0
              Quote: da Vinci
              I know that VOSR has become that it has changed the world’s perception of a working person from the concept of “livestock”, which is driven with a whip and a fine, to “a working person” who needs to pay a good salary, and he will do his job as best as possible.

              In vain you allowed to drive this nonsense into your head. There is nothing but naked propaganda in this. Just some kind of pure messianism.
              As for the "working cattle in the West" and other Soviet crap, I must inform you that a person does not leave this state when he finds out about VOSR. And then, when a bourgeois revolution will happen in his country. With all the ensuing consequences. In Britain, for example, it happened back in the mid 18th century. Long before the so-called VOSR.
              And here’s the question for you, in the USSR, they didn’t know about the so-called VOSR? They knew. Why did they live so badly? Including and the very workers you care about so much?
              But in the West, up to 2MB, many are generally about the USSR, and so-called VOSR did not hear anything. And they lived very well. Including and workers.
              Quote: da Vinci
              And what about those countries that were powerless colonies, and have become one of the largest leaders in the economy (India, China).

              Well, let's say, India and China to the "economic leaders" are still like .... Well, you are in the know. In China, however, the situation is better. But after all, where does the so-called VOSR?
              Quote: da Vinci
              Yes, a lot of things, but alas, you do not understand.

              Yes, I don’t understand your mantras. I have lost touch with them. I forgot.
              1. da Vinci
                da Vinci 4 June 2017 14: 25 New
                +1
                It was not people who heard about the revolution, but the capitalist understood how to prevent the revolution at home, so the workers' requirements began to be taken into account, a simple person understood his significance (this is very simplistic, you don’t need to deal with politics on this site). The revolution in October was not made by the Bolsheviks alone, there were no KGB agents and gold of the CPSU (I think you know better). And if you think that the common people who had the machine tool or the plow, the revolution took him home for 5-6 rooms, crews, trips to Paris for a week, falconry, the crunch of French rolls and more crying then yes sapienti sat ... wassat wink
                1. K2017
                  K2017 4 June 2017 14: 58 New
                  0
                  Quote: da Vinci
                  No people heard about the revolution

                  What a revolution? I have to return to the beginning - can you name signs of revolution?
                  Signs of the revolution are the events of March 3, 1917.
                  The events of October 1917 - January 1918. they bear signs of a deep (with the change of elites) reactionary (this, like a revolution, just the opposite) coup.
                  Quote: da Vinci
                  and the capitalist understood how to prevent a revolution at home,

                  Well, let’s say, the capitalists (and they are more informed than workers) were afraid of such a reactionary coup in their country. Let's say as an option.
                  Quote: da Vinci
                  therefore, the requirements of the workers began to be taken into account, a simple person realized his importance (this is very simplistic, there is no need to deal with politics on this site).

                  Isn’t it easier to “tighten the nuts”? Isn't it cheaper?
                  In fact, you are mentally in feudalism (this is the late Soviet Union IEF, if without ideological nonsense). And trying to talk about capitalism. If it would be cheaper to tighten the nuts, the capitalists would tighten them. What is so called VOSR, that without it. But it was cheaper and more profitable to stimulate workers with money. Therefore, they were stimulated. It's simple, Watson.
                  Quote: da Vinci
                  October revolution made

                  I repeat, this is a fallacy. See above.
                  Quote: da Vinci
                  And if you think that the common people who had a machine tool or a plow, the revolution took him home for 5-6 rooms, crews, trips to Paris for a week, falconry, the crunch of French rolls and other crying, then yes

                  No. The consequences of the Bolshevik coup often took away the essentials. The last piece of bread, the lives of children, parents, relatives. Freedom.
                  The introduction of slave-owning TPO, instead of feudal ones, in the USSR began in December 1932. At first they were partial, but 26.06.1940/XNUMX/XNUMX. slave-owning TPO were formalized in law by the Decree of the USSR PVS. For all.
                  The reverse transition to feudal TPO was also carried out gradually. First, by decree of the PVS of the USSR of 25.04.1956. they were partially canceled. And then, already in 1974. TVET in the USSR finally became feudal.
                  At the same time, the USSR from December 1927 to December 1991. (until its last day) was a theocratic state, not secular.
                  1. da Vinci
                    da Vinci 4 June 2017 20: 03 New
                    +1
                    Well what can I say? wassat wassat wassat wassat wassat request
                    1. K2017
                      K2017 4 June 2017 20: 37 New
                      0
                      Quote: da Vinci
                      Well what can I say?

                      You apparently can’t do anything. Therefore, I recommend:
                      1. Learn the story.
                      2. "See the root" (Kozma Prutkov).
                      By the way, there are no jokes there. Everything really was. If you distract from Soviet propaganda.
                      1. da Vinci
                        da Vinci 4 June 2017 22: 21 New
                        0
                        Propaganda - it is everywhere propaganda: what is Soviet, what is Russian, what is American, what is Congolese ....
                      2. notingem
                        notingem 11 November 2017 18: 23 New
                        0
                        You are my friend student demagogue. In October there was a REVOLUTION. You can cove about signs as much as you like
                    2. K2017
                      K2017 4 June 2017 23: 04 New
                      0
                      Quote: da Vinci
                      Propaganda - it is propaganda everywhere

                      So it is necessary to weed out it in order to understand the essence of things.
      2. notingem
        notingem 6 June 2017 20: 22 New
        0
        I can. Final result
  12. Monarchist
    Monarchist 1 June 2017 16: 25 New
    +1
    Roman, thanks for the work: I read it with pleasure. But about the masts, let me doubt: the main mast is the main and the highest, but you have data that the Fock mast is the main one. In all the directories I read: The main mast main mast.
    Regarding the "Gullian Incident": there is reason to believe that the Japanese destroyers in the darkness sneaking up on the squadron may have received a "couple of slap-blows." Somehow it was in the media and I also read memories (unfortunately I do not remember the author) somehow the name "On the" Eagle in Tsushima "or something similar
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 1 June 2017 17: 35 New
      +1
      Quote: Monarchist
      Regarding the "Gullian Incident": there is reason to believe that the Japanese destroyers in the darkness sneaking up on the squadron may have received a "couple of slap-blows."

      Regarding the Gull incident there is reason to believethat the Japanese destroyers would not have been able to discreetly reach Britain (if they were MM from the Metropolis) or could not have quietly based on British bases (if they were MM secretly bought in Britain).
      There are too many different eyes in those parts of the world - the same fishermen. It's like trying to covertly drive an APC along Nevsky. smile
    2. Alf
      Alf 1 June 2017 18: 03 New
      0
      Quote: Monarchist
      Somehow it was in the media and I also read memories (unfortunately I do not remember the author) somehow the name "On the" Eagle in Tsushima "or something similar

      Not only. In Tech-Mod at one time there was a very interesting analysis of the Gull incident. The presence of Japanese destroyers was convincingly proven.
      1. K2017
        K2017 3 June 2017 14: 16 New
        +1
        Quote: Alf
        In Tech-Mod at one time there was a very interesting analysis of the Gull incident. The presence of Japanese destroyers was convincingly proven.

        Gee-gee-gee. Something the international court has recognized is different. And Russia paid sickly fishermen and their families sickly compensation.
        In general, there were some strange destroyers. Apparently made using Stells technology. Only more perfect than now.
    3. Zulu_S
      Zulu_S 3 June 2017 23: 49 New
      0
      Quote: Monarchist
      Regarding the "Gullian Incident": there is reason to believe that the Japanese destroyers in the dark sneak up on the squadron,

      Japanese destroyers off the coast of Great Britain?
  13. Bersaglieri
    Bersaglieri 1 June 2017 18: 05 New
    +1
    USS Olimpia in Philadelphia - there will be. And in a more authentic state preserved. Also a famous ship: from it, in fact, the United States began as a naval superpower (the flagship of the squadron in the Spanish-American war of the late 19th century)
  14. Old26
    Old26 1 June 2017 18: 58 New
    0
    Quote: Monarchist
    I read the memoirs (unfortunately I do not remember the author) somehow the name "On the" Eagle in Tsushima "or something similar

    V.P. Kostenko. "On the" Eagle "in Tsushima"
  15. garri-lin
    garri-lin 2 June 2017 11: 31 New
    0
    Was on
    Aurora if not mistaken in the summer of 1990. There is a museum with models of ships in the interior. Lagged lost got lost and did not notice. The speakerphone announces: "such and such, go up to the deck you parents lost." But I do not hear.
    It was interesting and unusual. I still remember some little things, despite the past years. Children will grow up. I will definitely go to St. Petersburg and I will definitely show them to Aurora. The historical and cultural value of such museums for the younger generation is enormous. It is a pity that they are so young in the country.
  16. kvs207
    kvs207 2 June 2017 17: 26 New
    0
    Quote: Alexey RA
    On the Aurora in the 80s of the last century, the underwater part of the hull was replaced. Moreover, from the outside, the casing and adjacent structures were changed even above the waterline, and the internal structures were preserved almost to the lowest level.

    There is a wonderful book on the progress of the restoration of Aurora. I was lucky to buy in a second-hand bookstore, and even with the autographs of the authors.

  17. kvs207
    kvs207 2 June 2017 17: 35 New
    +3
    Honestly, I don’t understand the moaning about the “remake” of the Aurora’s underwater part, which, incidentally, is quite “waterfowl” (as shown by the transition to Kronstadt and vice versa). The Japanese, in general, poured Mikasu into concrete along the waterline.
  18. TsUS-Air Force
    TsUS-Air Force 2 June 2017 20: 25 New
    +1
    very surprised now to see in the photo berths of sailors in the form of hammocks under the ceiling. and the punishment cell in the nose is apparently a joke so that the punished should be shaken properly :)))))))))))))))))))
  19. TsUS-Air Force
    TsUS-Air Force 2 June 2017 20: 30 New
    0
    and what difference does it make and how? Aurora is a symbol. like Lenin. except for his body, he had nothing left; everything was pulled out and cut out, or maybe even this wax doll lies in the mausoleum? current Ilyich’s head :)))))
  20. K2017
    K2017 3 June 2017 13: 56 New
    +2
    Nevertheless, for its time (in particular, during the Russo-Japanese War), ships of this type proved to be ineffective due to the "backwardness" of many tactical and technical elements (speed, armament, armoring).

    First of all, in Russia there were no modern ship engines. Therefore, at first, then I had to buy abroad anyway, they were wise with different "tricky schemes." That's just the so-called "goddesses" are some of the victims of these "schemes."
    And what could be done using the classical scheme and domestic "cruising" cars, we see on the example of Diamond. Impressive, huh?
    of them two (then - three) - "karapasnyh", that is, armored. Subsequently, these three armored cruisers became type "Diana".

    There were a bunch of crucifix cruisers in the RIF. True, they were all of foreign construction.
    the prototype of which was the latest (launched in 1895) English cruiser HMS Talbot and the French armored cruiser D'Entrecasteaux (1896).

    Explicit nonsense is written.
    If you look at the dimensions (not dimensions, but dimensions) of the “goddesses”, then you will see that this is a scaled French Svetlana. And it was scaled because it was necessary to squeeze 3 cars and 3 shafts somewhere. As a result, they didn’t get anything new, all the same, they received 3 hospital cruisers. Those. the same as Svetlana, but noticeably more expensive, there were three cars. What for they were built, it is not clear. Russia did not have overseas possessions. Therefore, these inpatients did not need her. Apparently, as they say now, "they have mastered money." Or somewhere they planned to grab something. Svetlana, for some reason, was bought.
    (total power - 11600 hp). They should have been able to provide 20 knots.

    Only in Runet tales. In fact, for a move of 20 knots Krylov requested 12700 forces. And this is with the ideal body geometry, with which it was not important in Russia. Therefore, really less than 14000 forces for 20 nodes could not be.
    That 19, that 20 knots did not matter. The Varangian, until it fell into the hands of Russian operators, went 23 knots. Bogatyr, while ...., further see above Varyag, went 23,5 knots.
    2 Varyag cars produced approximately twice as much power as 3 Goddess cars. So evaluate the "level of technical development."
    eight 152 mm with a barrel length of 45 calibers of the Kane guns

    There were no shields, as in the photo. Stationary cruisers have no shields.

    In general, the surface fleet for Russia is a complete mischief and waste of money. He was always mercilessly beaten, this fleet. And in the REV, and in 1MV, and in 2MV. And even earlier, in the Crimean, for example. Therefore, they have nothing to do. It is better to focus on a powerful submarine nuclear component. And a surface mosquito supply fleet.
  21. Lexa-149
    Lexa-149 4 June 2017 12: 58 New
    0
    There is a cool book about the Aurora of the times of the dashing nineties!
    Weller M.I. "Zero hours or Cruiser is sailing; At the meeting of North Aurora; Messenger from Pisa; Mat Rossy; Thunder of victory; Signal at midnight"
    Read, do not regret it!)))
  22. su76a2
    su76a2 17 December 2017 18: 09 New
    0
    My great-grandfather. Exactly 100 years after the momentous events, I took my son to the Aurora, where his great-great-grandfather served.
    1. su76a2
      su76a2 17 December 2017 18: 11 New
      0
      photo from the Museum of Local Lore in Mogilev