Military Review

Moscow and Minsk will multiply the former strength of the air defense of fraternal Serbia: C-300, "Baikals" and "MiGs" for Belgrade


A mourning ceremony commemorating the 24 anniversary of the beginning of the massive rocket and air strike of the combined NATO air forces against civilian and military targets of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia took place in Hrédilicce Gorge 2017 on March 18. Under the elements of managed and unmanaged weapons in the tragic 99, more than 2 of thousands of our Slavic brothers on Serbian land perished. In the course of that bloody action called the “Allied Force” on the numerous military and civilian objects of Serbia, which has an area of ​​88000 square. km, 50 was launched thousands of different missiles, among which were more than 700 TKG UGM / RGM-109C "Tomohawk Block IIA / III" and more 60 strategic air-launched cruise missiles (ALCM) AGM-86C CALCM Block I. Two types of missiles The famous Aegis ships were launched by all, the British Swlesure class Splendid multi-purpose nuclear submarine and the B-52 strategic bomber bomber submarines launched.

Moreover, NATO Allied Force involved 1259 units in the operation. tactical aviation with high-precision suspension missile and bomb weapons of short and medium range. Having destroyed most of the strategic military facilities of Yugoslavia from the signal of war criminals of the NATO Secretary General Javier Solan and the ex-commander of the NATO Armed Forces in Europe, General Wesley Clark, American and West European tactical aircraft launched targeted attacks on objects of the energy sector and the oil refining industry, bus stations, railway stations, television centers, telephone exchanges, residential areas of cities, etc. In total, 995 objects were destroyed throughout the republic. After the terrible bombardment of the FRY by NATO aviation in Kosovo and Metohija, a real genocide of Serbs, Montenegrins and Gypsies began, carried out by more than 200 thousand Albanian robbers, criminals and terrorists who received permission to enter the above regions of Yugoslavia. The actions of the gangs were supervised by NATO experts. As a result, another 889 people were killed, and 722 went missing. 350 thousand people had to leave the territory of Kosovo and Metohija, and another 50 thousand lost their homes. This is how the Slavic pearl in the center of the Balkans was crushed. As a result of the bombing, the total damage to the country amounted to $ 30 billion.

Serbian Prime Minister Alexander Vucic recalled the tragic events of 18-old prescription at the mourning ceremony, completely eliminating the likelihood of entering the North Atlantic Alliance, who tried to "throw the republic on his knees", he also promised the realization of the state's ambitious defense plans that will not leave The answer is any act of aggression against modern Serbia.

No matter how regrettable we were to realize this, but Yeltsin’s economically and geopolitically weakened Yeltsin’s Russia of the end of 90’s practically opposed nothing to NATO in order to protect the airspace of Yugoslavia from massive missile attacks from Western tactical aircraft. According to some information, there was only a warning of the General Staff of the FRY, as well as the Republican Television and Air Defense of the republic about the approach of the American carrier-based aviation, tactical aviation of the Western European air forces, strategic bomber-rocket-carrying bombers and the calculated trajectory of the Tomahawks. The data was transmitted both through the staff of the Yugoslav special services in Italy, France, Greece, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and through military channels from the combat NK of the Russian Navy in the Adriatic Sea and the Russian group of reconnaissance satellites. Meanwhile, it was only a drop in the sea of ​​the support that Moscow was unable to provide. The fact is that even with the existing 2K12 “Kvadrat”, C-125 “Neva-M”, “Strela-1” / 2 / 10, as well as the handicraft “Prash” SAMs, the Serbs were able to intercept the F-117A “Nighthawk”, 46 "Tomahawks" and several dozen UAVs, including the "Predator" (later NATO pilots told about the high network-centric capabilities of the Yugoslav air defense in comparison with the Iraqi). The “duel” against Western air attack weapons was lost only because of the low tactical-technical characteristics of the above-mentioned anti-aircraft missile systems that are in service with the FRY air defense forces (they all had only one target channel and low immunity). At that time, Yugoslavia was in dire need of 6-channel anti-aircraft missile systems of the C-300PT / PS family; a system of three to five divisions could radically change the balance of power in the republic’s airspace is not in favor of NATO. Alas, did not take place ...

The unfortunate resolution of the UN Security Council on the imposition of an arms embargo on the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia did not play into the hands of Belgrade either. This document, which finally hampered Yugoslavia’s defensive capabilities in front of aggression, was also “safely” signed by the Russian Federation. Russia, after all, always relies on the UN legal framework, right ?! And our overseas "friends" act in a roundabout, that's the whole "song"! Consequently, the "Three Hundreds" were not delivered. That is exactly what the clever and strategically thought out calculation of the NATO command at the Brussels headquarters of this military and political gathering was made of. President Slobodan Milosevic made a huge mistake, to his great regret, in his time: in 1996, the Russian Federation offered Yugoslav anti-aircraft missiles C-300 to repay the USSR’s debt to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, but S. Milosevic refused that eventually led to horrific consequences and a conversation in the language of force. Otherwise, there would be tens or hundreds of NATO Falcons falling from the sky and the United States Strike Needles.

The above-mentioned plan to increase the combat capability of the Serbian Armed Forces provides for a comprehensive modernization of all types of troops, but the main direction in which the future president of the country, Alexander Vucic (the current prime minister of Serbia) plans to move, is to form a worthy anti-aircraft and anti-missile component of the 7 millionth Balkan state. Like no one else, Alexander Vucic remembers the three spring months of 1999, and especially 23 of April, when his mother Angelina miraculously survived during a NATO air strike on a television center in Belgrade, and when he almost died, fortunately, being late for an interview CNN as Acting Minister of Information of Yugoslavia. Despite his interest in strengthening economic ties with the EU, Vucic is firm in his position regarding the need to return Kosovo and Metohija under Belgrade’s jurisdiction. This fact alone indicates a possible confrontation in the region.

The initial stage of modernization of the Serbian air defense forces will be receiving for free use of 2's battalions of 9K37 “Buk” battalions of 12 9А310 9 self-propelled fire systems (SOW), while the transfer of 39XXUMX starting and charging systems is missing charge the LDS with the help of a transport vehicle, which will increase the recharge time from 12 to 16 minutes). It is possible that the 9-18 “Dome” radar detector will be transmitted. Considering that the 9C18 RLO has good energy and performance parameters with an 120 km fighter-target detection range and aerial tracking capacity - 75 air targets, it will be possible to track the airborne 9X470 gearbox in the vicinity of Belgrade. tactical situation over the eastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as Croatia, which are the most missile-dangerous areas.

The main combat elements of the military Buk anti-aircraft missile system of medium range. From left to right: combat control point 9С470 (selected for tracking 46 the top-priority air targets from 75, detected by the Kupol RLO, the instrumental ceiling for accompanying targets for PBU reaches approximately 20 km), centimeter surveillance radar for tracking and targeting 9СXNHX; The ability of this coherent pulse station is high noise immunity from sighting, response, barrage and noise interference, which allows you to confidently accompany enemy targets with 18-2 m3 EPR 2 km), self-propelled fire installation 50А9 (with the possibility of autonomous search and target acquisition due to the integrated on-load tap-changer) and start-up installation 310А9

Twelve 9А310 self-propelled fire installations, which receive target designation from the 9С470 command and control station, are sufficient to establish a good “anti-aircraft umbrella” in Belgrade and its environs, which will create a flightless zone at a distance of 30 km and in the altitude range from 25 to XNUM max. with 18000 - 18 "Tomahawk", taking into account the use of cruise missiles of EW type F / A-20G "Growler" on the part of the approach. This figure may increase by one and a half times due to the presence in the Serbian air defense of such complexes as “Prrasha” and “Strela-18”, which receive target designation from the DRLO radar. At the same time, the massive strike by the barely noticeable tactical ultra-long-range missiles AGM-10B JASSM-ER and PRLR AGM-158 HARM two "Bukov" divisions simply "will not be taken out", and Alexander Vucic, being in the post of defense minister of the country from 88 to 2012, understands this very well, and therefore initiated the second stage of the Serbian air defense upgrade.

Here anti-aircraft missile systems of the C-300P and C-300В families come to the fore. Vucic discussed the possibility of a deal to acquire two divisions of these complexes and one regimental command post with Vladimir Putin and Alexander Lukashenko. In the opinion of the future head of Serbia, such a purchase will be “a solution for many years to come” for the state. The question arises: is there only enough two “Three Hundreds” for Belgrade for reliable air defense / anti-missile defense of the country's airspace, as well as the possibility of stopping the enemy’s air attack actions on long-range lines?

The length of Serbia from the southern border with Macedonia to the northern border with Hungary is about 480 km. Consequently, for effective defense against enemy tactical aviation operating at medium and high altitudes, one C-300PMU-2 division with an 200 km damage radius and one C-300PS early modification battalion with an 75 km range is quite sufficient (the first can be deployed under Belgrade, the second - in the southern part of the state, near the city of Leskovac). These divisions will be able to reliably close airspace from a wide range of high-precision weapons and unobtrusive enemy aircraft almost over the entire territory of Serbia. Moreover, thanks to the C-300PMU-2, it will be possible to destroy promising hypersonic air attack weapons at speeds up to 10000 km / h unlike “Buk”, which is capable of destroying air objects at a speed of just 3000 km / h. It’s not bad, but the ability to repel massive blows with “Axes” and other low-level “invisibles” like AGM-158B will still be seriously lame, because the restrictive concept of radio horizon has not been canceled yet (for 300, it is 35-38 km), and the canal of the two divisions is mediocre - all 12 simultaneously fired at targets.

Only one conclusion can be drawn from this: the Serbian Ministry of Defense will have to fork out well. In particular, it will take at least 2 of the C-300PMU-1 division, which are responsible for the most rocket-dangerous western air routes. C-300PS is excluded here, because the minimum height of the targets hit in 25 meters does not cover the low-altitude capabilities of modern cruise missiles (near 20 m), while the PMU-1 operates on objects at altitudes 7-10 meters. The speed of the targets hit in the C-300PS also does not shine and is only 4700 km / h against 10000 km / s in the PMU-1. There will also be a demand for a “trimmed” division of X-NUMX-x batteries of the Antey-2 C-300BM anti-aircraft missile system. One of the batteries "Anthea" can take up combat duty near Belgrade: it will control the Bosnian and Romanian air routes. The second is in the southern part of Serbia: Albanian and Greek air directions (which can be conditionally combined into a Mediterranean operational direction) will be in its area of ​​responsibility; precisely from here, in the event of an aggravation of the military-political situation on the Balkan Peninsula, one can expect a massive strike by the sea-based high-precision rocket armament.

Due to the pronounced ability to intercept high-speed ballistic and aeroballistic objects with a small radar signature (EPR - 0,02 m2), the Antey-300 C-2500BM can become an indispensable promising asset for Serbia to protect against such weapons as: operational tactical ballistic missiles. ATACMS (MGM-140B / 164B), numerous modifications of anti-radar missiles planning guided bombs of the AGM-154 JSOW family, as well as 3-3,5 fly-by-flight guided missiles M30 GMLRS and XM30 GUMLRS. Moreover, the C-300BM has the best noise immunity and computational capabilities of the updated element base, and is also equipped with more long-range and high-speed two-stage 9М82М anti-missiles with a range of 200 km, a flight speed of 2600 m / s and a maximum available 30 overload unit. The most important feature of the C-300ВМ is the possibility of destroying hypersonic aerospace elements of high-precision weapons, which have a speed of 16200 km / h, which is 2 times faster than the calculated speed of American cruise missiles that can be developed on the basis of the X-51A Waverider within the framework of the ambitious concept of BSU (“Fast Global Impact”). By adopting the Antey-2500 air defense force, Serbia can get a powerful deterrent to cool especially hotheads in the NATO command.

In the same turn, the 2 ZRDN C-300PMU-1 and 2 C-300В batteries will cost Belgrade no less than 700 - 900 million dollars, which corresponds to the annual defense budget of Serbia. Very relevant here could be either a contract at a preferential price on “Three Hundreds” alone, or the provision of a 1,5-2 billion loan from the Russian side to purchase the above-mentioned air defense systems, as well as additional radio equipment for proper information illumination of the air defense system. At the moment, the radio engineering units of Serbia also cannot be attributed to the strength of informational awareness of the country's air defense. Undoubtedly, after March-June 1999 of the year, a certain number of UHF type AN / TPS-70 (radar S-range from Northrop-Grumman with a range of 450 km), AN / TPS-63, S-605 / 654 from Marconi, as well as meter P-12 Yenisei and P-14F Lena and P-18 Terek, but they practically do not meet the challenges of a modern air theater, and their life has almost expired.

The only modern radars remaining in service with Serbian RTV are American AN / TPS-70, but their number is very limited. Moreover, the state radars have a very low, by modern standards, elevation scanning zone (0-20 °): for this reason, the station does not have a huge “funnel of the dead zone” of the survey in the upper hemisphere, which reaches 140 degrees. From this we conclude that Serbian RTV needs such advanced radio engineering systems as a centimeter BBO 96Л6Е (maximum angle of elevation of the 60 ° beam) or 59НХNUMXМ “Opponnik-G” with similar parameters of the field of view and the ability to look for low-orbit space objects.

The necessity of acquiring the regimental command post for the "Three Hundreds" Alexander Vucic also mentioned not by chance. Apparently, we are talking about an automated command and control center for the actions of air defense missile defense systems “Baikal-1МЭ” or “Polyana-D4М1”. For the Serbian air defense, this is a very important issue, since the C-125 and Strela-10 complexes remain in service and the Belarusian Buk and Russian Buk-М2 or Buk-М3 are planned to be acquired. ACS “Baikal” (or “Polyana”) is able to unite these complexes in a network-centric relationship with C-300PMU-1 or C-300ВМ. Consequently, when repelling a massive rocket-air strike or opposing the tactical aviation of the enemy, “Three Hundreds”, “Buki”, C-125 and “Arrows” will be able to act in a single integrated information space (according to the same principle as “Aegis”) in the “Link-16” system). The radio equipment of the same C-300PMU-1 (64H6E HLW and 76H6 HLW) will act as DRLO instruments for all other types of integrated air defense missile systems.

In the presence of an automated control system “Polyana” or “Baikal”, such unpleasant and dangerous tactical “flaws” as the “farm” construction of an air defense system and the irrational expenditure of anti-aircraft guided missiles at enemy targets are completely excluded. For example, calculations of the Buk anti-aircraft missile systems will be notified via the telecode radio channel of the enemy’s targets already captured and intercepted by the Three Hundred, thereby enabling them to switch to fighting other free air attacks. The automated control system increases the productivity and survivability of the brigade / regimental link several times. For the Balkan theater of operations and the projected amount of anti-aircraft missiles in the armament of Serbia’s air defense, one “Baikal” will be more than enough. Managed by the 5-11 operating personnel, the Baikal automated control system is capable of simultaneously setting up 500 air routes and controlling various types of 24 SAM systems. The instrumental range in 3200 km, the maximum speed of the targets being processed in 18432 km / h and the altitude limit in 1200 km indicate the immense prospects of this command and control point in more advanced long-range missile defense systems. To protect the Serbian sky, this ACS is a unique concept for building a powerful echeloned aerospace defense.

The expenses of the Serbian Defense Ministry are unlikely to end there. The formation of a reliable "antimissile shield" will not be crowned with success if the self-propelled anti-aircraft missile / artillery complexes of the Tor-М1 / 2, Tanguska-Cnumx or Tungusk families are neglected. They overlap the 1-3-kilometer “dead zone” of medium-range and long-range complexes, providing complete single broken through elements of the enemy’s high-precision weapons. These systems are absent in the structure of the Serbian air defense. Another item of expenditure after the possible procurement of the Tunguska and Thor complexes will be their integration into a unified system of tactical communications, organized by the Baikal automated control system. This will require the acquisition of more than one, but several, unified battery command points 5C9 "Ranzhyr", which are the downstream link operated by the Baikal automated control system. One UBCF “Ranzhir” is able to provide target distribution only for 737-x consumers located at a distance of 4 km.

Anti-aircraft missile and gun complex "Tungusska-M1"

The plans for the formation of a full-fledged echeloned air defense-missile defense system of Serbia are confirmed by the fact that during the negotiations between A. Vucic and V. Putin the question was raised about the possibility of acquiring a certain number of 2K22М1 “Tungusska-М1” anti-aircraft missile and artillery systems. These complexes are unique to this day. Despite the maximum speed of the intercepted target of just 1800 km / h, the possibility of destroying subsonic strategic CG RGM-109E "Tomahawk", AGM-86C ALCM, low-profile tactical CW JASSM-ER and KEPD-350 "Taurus", as well as tactical missile missiles, remains AGM-65 "Maverick" range. "Tungussko-M1", equipped with modules Hour tactical information from outside the radar AEW via manual "Rankings" able to fire on subtle means of air attack approximately 1,3-1,5 times before "Tungussko" first modification (2K22) without means telecode connection . The station tracking goal centimeter range (with a range of 16 km) allows up to several meters to display the 9М331М1 SAM on the line of sight with a view. Such accuracy satisfies the characteristics of the new radar fuse of the above-mentioned rocket, which improved the ability to combat small-sized targets. The 2-22 optical-electronic reamer contributed to the improvement of the noise immunity of the 1K1М29 anti-aircraft missile system. Tactical aircraft may be hit by the "Tunguska" at a distance of 10 km and an altitude of 3500 m.

To cover the near frontiers of all long-range battalions of Serbian air defense in different parts of the state, you will need up to 12-15 Tungusska-M1 and / or Tor-M1 / 2 complexes and at least 3-4 battery KP Ranzhir. Considering that the loan options for concluding a contract between Belgrade and Moscow have not yet been considered, it will take about 6-8 years to bring the Serbian RTV and air defense to the modern state.


If the advances observed today in the modernization of the ground component of Serbia’s air defense system are promising, then it is not possible to characterize the update of the country's fighter aircraft fleet in the same way. Today, the Serbian Air Force is in service:

- 3 single high-maneuverable front-line MiG-29B fighters (equipped with RLPK-29E with the ability to work only for air targets) and 1 MiG-29UB, whose operational life was extended to 2008 hours in 700 year in XNUMX hours during joint reconstruction work with RPC Moment";
- 30 MiG-21 (22 MiG-21bis versions of "75А / B", 7 training and combat missions MiG-21UM and 1 reconnaissance MiG-29М), of which, to maintain the experience of the crew of the Air Force, occasionally, they use only train simulators, MIND";
- 26 lung multipurpose attack aircraft / educational and reconnaissance airplanes J-22 «Orao» (of which J-attack aircraft 9 22, 7 WCD HJ-22, 8 scouts NJ-22 2 educational and reconnaissance NHJ-22).

MiG-29A Serbian Air Force

Only these machines in the Serbian Air Force have the ability to effectively work on ground targets with a wide variety of missile-bomb armaments, including high-precision AGM-65B Maverick tactical missiles with TVGSN and X-66 Thunder radio-controlled. Despite the low transonic speed of flight in 1020 km / h, as well as the total thrust of 2-x TRDF 4540 kgf, the Orao have a practical ceiling of 15 km, and the hull is adapted for maneuvering with overloads of 8 units. Despite all the flight performance at subsonic speed, these planes have a very small radius of action in 350 - 550 km. Yes, J-22s can operate at ultra-low altitudes, but their pilots and commanders do not have the opportunity to "replay" the tactical aspects of a combat mission during an attack or reconnaissance operation due to the short range of action comparable to modern attack helicopters.

To increase the anti-aircraft and attack qualities of tactical aviation, at the same time negotiating the future purchase of C-300 and Bukov complexes, an agreement was reached by the Serbian and Russian Defense Ministries to transfer front-line MiG-6 fighter-interceptors to the Serbian side. Details have been agreed between the presidents A. Vucic and V. Putin. Moreover, the future President of Serbia and the Minister of Defense Zoran Djordjevic were able to familiarize themselves with the vehicles being prepared for transfer at one of the RSK MiG sites. As it became known, three cars belong to the modification of the MiG-29С (“29 Product”), one - to the version of the MiG-9.13 and 29 - to the version of the MiG-2UB (“The 29”, two-seat combat training machine). All 9.51 fighters will be deeply modernized at the facilities of the Moma Stanoilovich aircraft factory in the Serbian city of Batainitsa by Russian and Serbian specialists. It is not clear yet what path of modernization the Air Force and the Serbian Defense Ministry have chosen, but it is known that the cost of the work will approach approximately 6 million dollars. The works will cover the extension of the life of the airframe, as well as the equipping of new onboard radio-electronic equipment, allowing the use of air-to-surface missile armament.

Taking into account the fact that for a small Balkan theater, there is no need to equip the MiGs with a bar to refuel in the air, we can expect a modernization to the level of MiG-29СМ or ​​MiG-29М. Judging by the fact that the restoration and updating of each Falkrum will cost 30 million dollars, this is not only powerful airborne radar with an X019MP slot antenna array with the ability to map the terrain and support ground targets, but also more modern radar with AFAR type "FGA-29" (assumption regarding the latter can be made on the basis of the very high cost of upgrading all 6 machines). Naturally, the re-equipped MiGs will receive the entire nomenclature of missile weapons to gain air superiority, as well as to destroy ground targets, among which it will be possible to meet:

- medium-range and long-range air-to-air missiles P-77 (RVV-AE) and P-27EPR (the first ones equipped with ARGSN 9B1348E could turn the statistics on the losses of NATO fighters in 1999 air battles upside down ; unfortunately, the Serbs did not have the “77's”, as well as the C-300PS air defense missile system);

- short-range air combat missiles Р-73РМД-1 / 2, which will give Serbian Falkrumm a significant advantage in the dog dump with Western European fighters, even with the numerical superiority of the enemy’s aircraft, considering that the MiGs of Serbian air forces will be operated only by air forces of Serbia will be operated only by enemy forces. airspace, under the cover of modern Russian ground-based air defense systems;

- anti-radar missiles X-31P / PD;

- heavy tactical short-range missiles X-29T with a television seeker (possessing a 320-kilogram high-explosive warhead warhead, these missiles will be an excellent high-precision weapon for destroying the strongholds of Kosovo paramilitary forces controlled by Tachi, Cheku and Kastrati);

- KA-500Кр / -OD adjustable bombs, which have excellent ability to defeat poorly protected bunkers, reinforced concrete shelters, runways, bridges, etc., thanks to the correlation TVGSN bombs have a circular deflection of 3-4 m.

The cockpit information field will be upgraded with new large LCD MFIs similar to those installed by the MiG-29CMT or MiG-29М2. The short turnaround time can be attributed to the rapid replacement of the outdated element base with a digital one using the MIL-STD-1553B interface. Six Russian MiG-XNUMHA / S / UB are not the only valuable surprise for the Serbian Air Force. The second batch of Falkrumov will be donated to Belgrade along with the 29 divisions of the Bukov from the Belorussian Air Force. This became known in late January, after the return of Vučić and Djordjevic from Minsk. Under an agreement with Minsk, Belgrade will only need to pay for upgrading 2 transmitted MiG-8С to the level of MiG-29БМ. It is most likely that work will take place in the shops of 29 Aviation Repair Plant OJSC in Baranovichi.

The Belarusian company offers a lighter package of modern options as the RAC "MiG". In particular, the element base of the fighter will receive 23% new digital modules, and another 6% of early electronic components will be improved. The basis of the new modules are the hardware components of the weapons control system SUV-29С, implementing the air-to-surface mode, as well as expanding the nomenclature of air combat missiles, which also includes the P-77. Due to this, the efficiency of performing air interception tasks and gaining air superiority increases 2,8 times in comparison with the early MiG-29А. Impact capabilities increased 4 times. The radar sighting system H019P received the terrain mapping mode, the radar image of which is displayed on the new color multifunctional indicator MFI-55 (earlier versions of the fighters were equipped with a monochrome indicator). The nomenclature of missile-bomb armament corresponds to that of the MiG-29CM / M. The Belarusian modification of the MiG-29BM provides for the installation of a boom for air refueling of the “hose-cone” scheme, but given the small Serbian airspace, as well as the inability to act far from the borders of the state (due to the superiority of NATO ground and air defense), this element can and not to be used in the construction of the Serbian "BMK". Most likely, due to the simplified cockpit indicator equipment and the preservation of more than 60% avionics of the early serial MiG-29С, upgrading Serbian vehicles to the BM level will cost several times less than upgrading the Russian-transmitted MiG-29А / С / УБ.

In conclusion, we can conclude: the replenishment of the Serbian Air Force 14 fleet with the upgraded MiG-29 will significantly enhance the country's defensive and strike potentials on individual airways. In short air battles, the link to the link of the updated Falkruma will be able to resist both the Typhoon and the American decked F / A-18E / F. But the difficult geographical position of Serbia (surrounded by NATO member countries) absolutely does not imply local clashes with enemy aviation: there is a multiple number superiority in 30-40, and therefore MiGs can act exclusively in Serbia’s air borders, under the guise of St-Petersburg air defense missiles. 300B / PMU-1.

The strike potential of the new fighters will extend to Kosovo, but all their actions will depend solely on the viability of the ground component of Serbia’s air defense. According to the existing threats in the region, the size of the Serbian Air Force fleet needs to be increased to 70 - 100 machines of the “4 ++” type MiG-35 generation, while the implementation of such plans will take about a decade. Today, the country's security will be based on building the most powerful air defense system in Southeast Europe of Russian origin.

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  1. Olgovich
    Olgovich April 25 2017 06: 34
    An interesting, quality article.
    But the Slavic pearl of the Balkans is completely surrounded and lonely. Chances for an independent policy are few. In addition, in many ways she chose the path to the EU, she is not going to oppose it.
    But to sell it, if it wants, is necessary.
    1. You Vlad
      You Vlad April 25 2017 06: 40
      Quote: Olgovich
      In addition, in many ways she chose the path to the EU

      In many ways, but not in everything! If Serbia really gathered in the EU, they would not need Russian weapons! I’m sure as soon as they close the sky, talk about joining the EU will remain talk.
      1. Inok10
        Inok10 April 25 2017 10: 49
        ... First, according to the article ... the words of the author about the essence of what was written ... Everything would be nice, but still ...
        Everything would be nice, but they will still seriously limp the ability to repel massive blows with “Axes” and other low-altitude “invisibles” like AGM-158B, after all, no one has yet canceled the restrictive concept of a radio horizon (for three hundred he is 35-38 km), and the channeling of the two divisions is mediocre - only 12 simultaneously fired targets.
        ... Evgeny Batkovich, this is not the first time I have noticed this frank mistake ... in order to know the line of sight (radio horizon) of a particular radar - it is necessary to calculate it and know the atmospheric parameters or are taken from the table of standard properties ... that to calculate, you need to know at least 12 radar parameters:
        - radiation pattern
        - average and pulsed radiation power
        - image intensifier tubes average
        - number of return packets average
        - intake path temperature
        - pulse duration and quantity
        .. and so on ... a question for the author? ... ah, does he know them? ... well, except for the Boltzmann constant ... the answer in advance is no! ... about a radio horizon of 35-38 km. S-300 radar, he argues ?! ... and further for the propagation of radio waves that the author has distributed in vacuum ... Evgeny Batkovich! ... learn the basics of radar ... where is the refraction? ... clearly for everyone
        Quote: You Vlad
        In many ways, but not in everything!

        ... I agree ... everything is very complicated with the "European integration" of Serbia ...
        1. Fulcrumxnumx
          April 25 2017 14: 51
          Absolutely aware that refraction strongly influences the radio horizon, but for an accurate calculation of the radio horizon under normal conditions there is a constant formula (shown below), substitute the height of the 30H6E antenna post on the 40H6E tower and the average flight height of the tomahawk 30 to it and 50 to the average flight altitude 30. this value will be obtained (approximately 38 - 300 km). Check the data on the range of low-altitude targets for the C-1PMXNUMX here:

          1 / c300pmu1.shtml and on the "Bulletin of Air Defense" ..
          Do not tell people Inok10. Moreover, targets with 0,1 m2 EPR (which corresponds to the latest "Tomahawk" blocks) are detected and captured by 30H6 radar over the entire range from the dead zone to the radio horizon. In order for the 30H6E RPN to not be able to detect the target at such a distance, its EPR should be less than 0,02 м2 (the minimum signature that C-300PMU-1 works with) ...
          1. Inok10
            Inok10 April 25 2017 15: 55
            Quote: Fulcrum29
            there is a constant formula

            ... and is called - The basic equation of radar ... a, what you cited above as a picture is the line of sight range - optical and even here you were mistaken ... I don’t see the coefficient of optical refraction ... this is how reflection from the upper atmosphere takes place, which adds 6% to the line of sight! ... therefore, the visible horizon and line of sight always have different meanings! ... the refractive index is 1,06 ... Regards ...
            1. Fulcrumxnumx
              April 25 2017 23: 13
              In vain you cross out: coefficients from about 3,57 to 4,12 are considered fair, depending on the conditions of refraction !!!)))
              There is such a formula:
              D = 4,12 √h1 + √h2, where h1 and h2 are the antenna heights of the receiver and transmitter, or the radar antenna and the object of observation in m.
              In real conditions, the following cases can be observed: lack of refraction, negative refraction and positive refraction, normal refraction, critical refraction and superrefraction ... the coefficient is not constant .. And all this is characteristic of the troposphere.

              The essence of the C-XNUMPPMU-300 work range stipulated in the work on low-altitude targets is almost not affected: from 1 to 28 kilometers, special literature confirms (by the way, if we substitute the 40 coefficient and the height of the 3,57В40М tower into the formula, it’s exactly the same as the parameters specified in the description of PMU-6 on PVO.GUNS) .. and that's that. !!! hi With respect..
              1. Inok10
                Inok10 April 26 2017 00: 20
                Quote: Fulcrum29
                In vain you cross out: coefficients from about 3,57 to 4,12 are considered fair, depending on the conditions of refraction !!!)))

                ... Evgeny Batkovich, ah Evgeny Batkovich ... so shameless ... well, tell me at All, but beguiled optical line of sight и line of sight radio engineeringsorry sorry good people forgot about refraction and what is she in the optical wavelength range is constant, in radio engineering subject to atmospheric conditions ... and apologize to everyone especially to "Almaz-Antey" ... but no ... climbed into the bottle? .. well, do not blame me ... that’s what Planida means ...
                Quote: Fulcrum29
                There is such a formula:
                D = 4,12 √h1 + √h2, where h1 and h2 are the antenna heights of the receiver and transmitter, or the radar antenna and the object of observation in m.

                ... is it for what wavelength range of Optical or Radio Engineering? ... come here my soft bread ...
                ... in the optical range - 6% fixed
                ... but, in radio engineering ... everything is more complicated, but only at first glance ... go learn the basics of Radar Evgeny Batkovich ... but, in particular Pulse power, Gain in receiver, Pulse duration ... and the Boltzmann constant learn by heart! ...
                Quote: Fulcrum29
                In real conditions, the following cases can be observed: lack of refraction, negative refraction and positive refraction, normal refraction, critical refraction and superrefraction ... the coefficient is not constant .. And all this is characteristic of the troposphere.

                ... yeah, well done ... even for this feat of you ... well, now you know, in a standard atmosphere, refraction is always a positive ... that is, the wave goes around the surface of the Earth-Mother ... there is even a formula there, at this moment ... and, they are also assisted by those radar parameters that were indicated above to see far and with good resolution .. Do you know Evgeny Batkovich that simply by 4 times increasing the gain in the receiving path, as a result you will get 2 times increased maximum radar range, line of sight ? ... I sympathize with your frustration ... well, this is a fact ... there certainly are nuances ... but this is particular, not for open battles on the Internet ...
                Quote: Fulcrum29
                This does not affect the essence of the range of the S-300PMU-1 work specified in the work on low-altitude targets: from 28 to 40 kilometers, the special literature confirms (by the way, if we substitute the coefficient 3,57 and the tower height 40V6M in the formula

                ... oh, do not touch the special literature ... the great special ... ran into ... in the optical range, that is armed gazewill have the following results:
                - the height of the observer on the tower is 40 m.
                - target height - 50 m.
                - visible horizon - 23,94 km.
                - line of sight - 50.71
                ... that is, just with a telescope you can observe a target at a distance of 50 km.
                ... laughing ... now really BASTA! ... the range of optical visibility, more than that of Evgeny Batkovich, the range of direct visibility of a radar with power in the pulse ... Sincerely ...
        2. lev54
          lev54 2 October 2017 23: 26
          Not to mention the "locals" along the horizon, the artificial height of the placement of objects and the potential interference to drive the RX ...
      2. April 26 2017 00: 35
        Mattresses are unlikely to miss such a deal between Serbia and the Russian Federation ...
      3. almost demobil
        almost demobil April 27 2017 14: 44
        Quote: you Vlad
        Quote: Olgovich
        In addition, in many ways she chose the path to the EU

        In many ways, but not in everything! If Serbia really gathered in the EU, they would not need Russian weapons! I’m sure as soon as they close the sky, talk about joining the EU will remain talk.

        I think that is completely wrong. Russia has promised arms supplies at dumping prices, or perhaps somewhere for nothing in exchange for friendship and support for the Serbs. The Serbs are not able to buy Western weapons, and apparently they are not allowed to arm themselves normally, it is painfully unreliable partner for NATO. Therefore, this option of rearmament, I think so.
    2. ligre
      ligre April 25 2017 07: 33
      You need to sell everything, of course, you don’t need to give only.
    3. seti
      seti April 25 2017 08: 22
      Serbia is the last reliable stronghold of Russia in Europe and it needs to help even at a loss. The problem with access to the sea. No wonder we hastened to drag Montenegro into NATO. We need to work further and knock out the soil from under the EU. And look for real friends around the world. Those you can rely on in difficult times.
      1. cost
        cost April 25 2017 22: 26
        As the Minister of Defense of Belarus Andrei Ravkov said: - "S-300 should stick out from every Serbian mountain"

        So in Serbia it seems like a continental climate. There is the highest mountain Mijur (2169 m) on the easternmost part of the Serbian-Bulgarian border
        East Serbian mountains - low and medium altitude (up to 1500 m) mountain range in the east of Serbia, is a part of the Carpathian-Balkan mountain arc - the south-western spurs of the Carpathians (Serbian Carpathians)
    4. siberalt
      siberalt April 25 2017 12: 38
      "Pearl of the Balkans" is a people or territory? But, there is a question about backfilling - does Russia need a military base in Serbia? Now you can trade cannons with anyone and even with NATO. Business and nothing personal.
    5. Monster_Fat
      Monster_Fat 5 January 2018 18: 13
      Very correct. I know the Serbs personally since 1996. What can I say, like everywhere else ordinary hard workers who EARN their money is not at all what local politicians who HAVE money, in particular from the EU and the USA. Actually, this is just like in Bulgaria and in other fraternal Slavic countries, even .... like in POLAND ... yes, yes, and in POLAND (oddly enough) there (in Poland) many ordinary people remember with benevolence about the USSR and Russia, but the local political elite, completely sitting on EU and US subsidies, hates Russia with fierce hatred, they hate and cannot stop, because they understand what kind of hatred it will be when they have to answer ....
  2. Holoy
    Holoy April 25 2017 07: 55
    The Serbs surprisingly manage to maintain the combat readiness of their Army at a high level despite great problems, no one succeeds ... coma perhaps Portugal ...
  3. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 April 25 2017 09: 41
    Frankly, I do not want to comment. And for the simple reason - how many times for our good politicians answered us with anti-Russian attacks (I'm not talking about the simple Serbian or Bulgarian people). Slavs in other Orthodox countries remember Russia only when they become very ill.
    1. Shadow of darkness
      Shadow of darkness April 25 2017 11: 44
      A fresh example of Montenegro, the same Serbs, they are now in NATO and the Russians are no longer necessary for them.
      1. rotmistr60
        rotmistr60 April 25 2017 11: 50
        So I am about the same. About Montenegro just did not write. I wanted to write briefly - "Debt is a payment is beautiful", but did not, because some might not understand.
  4. borov
    borov April 25 2017 11: 41
    All this had to be done in 1999, and not now, when the country was torn to pieces ...
  5. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA April 25 2017 13: 10
    No matter how regrettable it was for us to realize this, the economically and geopolitically weakened Yeltsin Russia of the late 90s practically did not oppose NATO in order to protect the airspace of Yugoslavia from massive missile attacks from Western tactical aviation.

    Regrettably, it was unfortunate for us to realize this, but official Yugoslavia has never been our ally. During the Soviet era, Yugoslavia first tried to sit between two chairs, and then organized the oppositional Soviet Union "Non-Aligned Movement" and flirted with China.
  6. Maalkavianin
    Maalkavianin April 25 2017 14: 08
    Let them deliver. The main thing is that the Serb brothers would pay for it as it should, and not with promises of eternal friendship to the grave.
  7. uskrabut
    uskrabut April 25 2017 14: 49
    Something like that had to be done yesterday. Now, Europeans would have behaved more quietly, had NATO, or rather, in the middle of NATO, had a powerful air defense fist allied with Russia. By and large, Serbia needs a full-fledged military base of the Russian ground forces and air forces with a powerful air defense cover. Serbia itself is not able to carry out military deterrence of partners.
  8. igorserg
    igorserg April 25 2017 15: 34
    Even last time it didn’t help much ... apparently, all the same, besides weapons, we need real brothers, the Slavs need real help.
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. Robin - Bobbin
    Robin - Bobbin April 26 2017 12: 25
    So, Serbia and NATO have a serious agreement that allows NATO to receive the full support of the Serbian authorities in transportation, technical assistance, supplying NATO troops with goods and services, and several more agreements with the alliance. Trying to arm yourself for cheaper? ...
  11. Pacifist
    Pacifist April 27 2017 11: 03
    Damn, nice to read detailed analytics. Straight balm for the soul. Some points are controversial, but overall very interesting and informative. Auto RU good
  12. Starik72
    Starik72 April 27 2017 15: 37
    I don’t presume to discuss the article, because it’s not a specialist. One thing I can say, the Serbs need help, somewhere for money, and somewhere for free, without setting any conditions. Maybe then the people of certain European states will realize that it is better to be friends with Russia and be a good neighbor and partner than to fight and bark at Russia.
  13. dojjdik
    dojjdik April 27 2017 20: 59
    after fights, you can certainly not return the dead children from American tomahawks; but in the United Nations, you can shout wave your hands and chet there to prove three years Keri and now Rex