It is well known that the Chechens also took a direct part in the bloodiest battle of humanity, making a worthy contribution to the treasury of the common victory of the Soviet people over the brown plague.
To our regret, the then leadership of the state did not deign to give a true assessment of the exploits accomplished by the Chechens in that war. Here we must pay tribute to V.Putin, who, when he was president, told the truth about the Chechens who fought at the Brest Fortress, at a meeting with the participants of the Russia at the Turn of the Century forum in Novo-Ogarevo (2004): "... There was a lot of injustice in Soviet times. There are many violations of human rights in the most direct and tragic sense of the word, including in the Caucasus, including with the Chechen people. You know, probably, many of those present about the heroic defense of the Brest Fortress during the Second World War.
In 1941, the front had already gone far to the east, and the Brest Fortress, which was located on the western border of the country, had no chance to survive and win. The defenders of the Brest Fortress fought to the last bullet and to the last drop of blood. This is an amazing example of heroism. But not many people know that approximately one third of the defenders of this fortress consisted of Chechens. And in general, if you count the per capita population of Chechnya, the Heroes of the Soviet Union, there probably was more than anyone else. And at the same time, Stalin made a tough decision to relocate the Chechens to Siberia, to Kazakhstan, where thousands of people (210 thousand. - Auth.) Died from terrible conditions, from injustice ... ”.
Today, I think it is necessary to recall our courageous fathers and grandfathers, who carried the name of their people highly on the battlefield. It does not matter that our warriors are not appreciated and did not receive proper awards, the main thing here is that the people know their heroes.
The military is well aware of the undeniable contribution that the Chechen people have made both to the common victory over fascism (in all theaters of military operations - from Western Europe to Manchuria), and to the strengthening of the country's defense power. Speaking about the latter, it should be noted that the military equipment of the Red Army refuel at 80% of the fuel and lubricants of the Grozny factories, and oil for aviation Grozny supplied as much as 92% (!) Of the need. (“Patriotism of the workers of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR”, V. Filkin; “the Chechen-Ingush ASSR in the War of 1941-1945”, M Abazatov).
We are aware of the fact that Chechens called up for 1939-1941 were sent to the Western Special District to the 4 Special Army, where the head of staff was General L. Sandalov, who in his book “The Lived One” repeatedly talks about Chechen recruits , including those who served in the nine infantry battalions of the Brest Fortress. In addition, they were part of the 9 of the outpost of the 17 of the frontier post, so I think that one third there (in the fortress) were Chechens. We are also aware that the Chechens who served in the Brest Fortress, 22 June, did not retreat at the command of commander General Popov and remained to fight the enemy, merging with fellow countrymen of the 9 outpost, who, without receiving an order to retreat, remained in the fortification.
Only many people do not know that at the end of 1950-ies, on the instructions of N. Khrushchev, "a true book was written about Chechens who fought in the Brest Fortress, which, however, did not see the light and lay in the basements of Gorkoviedat" (150 Thousands of copies) to 1964 year. And when N. Khrushchev was shot, she was allowed to go under pressure. ” (E. Dolmatovsky "LH", 1988., The article "Is it time to return the true book about the Brest Fortress to readers").
It was a difficult time, when some were retreating, others fled, others were surrendering, and the fourth, considering it a shame to retreat, fought as their genetic code allowed. To the question “how do your jigits fight?”, General Kirichenko, commander of the 4 Cavalry Corps, replied literally the following: “These are extremely surprising lads, Chechens. They ask only what needs to be done, but they decide how to complete the task. I have almost two regiments in my corps. I am calm for them. Unusually brave guys. Well oriented on the ground. More such fighters. They will not fail under any circumstances. ”
General V.Razuvaev, the chief of staff of the 37 Army, asked the other commanders the same question, to which General Miloshnichenko, the division commander of the 63 Army, said that he had defended the Baksan Gorge. And the commander of the 295 Infantry Division, Colonel Petukhov, added: "They are brave warriors from nature." I think that says it all ...
During a friendly conversation with the historian Akim Arutyunov, General V.Razuvaev asked: “Have you ever heard that with the approach of the German troops to the North Caucasus, patriotic groups were created on the territory of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic?” The main thing, my dear, is that everything started from the bottom. The secretaries of the regional committees, city committees and district committees just picked up and supported the initiative of the people. But party leaders like Ivanov, Isaev and others had no choice but to register these detachments, and then consider them to be their merit. ”
Finally, the general said: “I’m sure that the time will come and this monstrous crime (meaning the deportation of 1944. - approx. Aut.), Committed against the Chechens, will be recognized by millions of people. They also learn about the exploits in the fight against the enemy of our Motherland. The truth must triumph .. ”During the war years, 28 guerrilla units were created on the territory of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR. They numbered 1087 people. The guerrillas were armed with 357 rifles, including 18 sniper rifles, 313 submachine guns, 20 machine guns, 10 mortars (from party archives of the Chechen regional committee of the CPSU, 267 fund, 3 inventory, 17 case, L.7).
Also, the 255th cavalry regiment of Chechen volunteers fought in the Stalingrad direction, and a separate Chechen cavalry division of 1800 volunteers fought in the southern direction. He was commanded by a personnel officer of the Red Army Sakka Visaitov, who in 1941 demonstrated his military leadership talent on the Berezina River, near the town of Yelny I and in the Moscow Region in the Yasnaya Polyana region, where his special detachment fought with the enemy as part of the 10th tank Army of General Susaykov.
In these bloody battles near Moscow, Visaitov was seriously wounded, but after three months he returned to service. After the defeat of the Germans under the capital Visaitov in 1942, he was sent to the Caucasus, where he received a cavalry division of 1800 Chechen volunteers. The command for the division set the following task: to destroy the advance units and reconnaissance groups of the enemy, thereby creating the conditions for forcing the retreating forces across the river lines, and to deliver languages to the division headquarters. All this had to be done on a front 250 km wide, from the Caspian Sea to the foothills of the Caucasus.
The division performed the task excellently, the fighters' awards talk about it: over the 100 orders of the Red Banner, not to mention others (according to the unofficial installation, the title of Hero of the USSR was not appropriated to the Chechen). The Visaitov command was sent to a one-year course at the Frunze Academy.
As you know, these heroic deeds of the Chechen people in protecting the Caucasus, the Beria’s people, without thinking twice, were “designed” as a reaction to the Red Army. Unfortunately, the Soviet historical science interpreted the facts of the past of the Chechen people in such a way that they were in flagrant contradiction with historical truth.
Therefore, we should be grateful to all those journalists, writers, scholars and military leaders who, under the conditions of the communist dictatorship and secrecy, made attempts (sometimes in a veiled form) to assert the historical truth, to reveal white spots in the past Chechens. Such people include the following military leaders and commanders: Penezhko, Grossman, Dolmatovsky, Baghramian, Grechko, Mamsurov, Milashnichenko, Koshurko, Kozlov, Korobkov, Koroteev, Kirichenko, Prikel, Sandalov, Susaykov, Oslikovsky, Rotmistrov, Raeva, Reeva, Reeva, Reeva, Karekov, Korkeev, Sandalov, Susaykov, Oslikovsky, Rotmistrov. Roosters and many others.
These are people with a clear conscience, who personally saw Chechens in combat conditions and witnessed their feats of war in their memoirs. Many of them came to Grozny, to the homeland of comrades, whom they more than once presented for the title of Hero of the USSR, and there were more than 300 people represented for this rank and rejected Chechens (164 people from the Brest Fortress (United newspaper, 2004) and 156 people from other fronts (interview with I. Rybkin on TV, 1997). Let us name the names of those Chechens who were presented to the title of hero for different feats twice: M. Amaev, A. Akhtaev, A. V. Akhtaev, D. Akaev, Z Akhmatkhanov, Y. Alisultanov, A. Guchigov, H. Magomed-Mirzoev, I Bibulatov, S-Mediaev, U. Kasumov, I. Saha Ipov, A.Kh.Ismailov; three times: A.Idrisov, M.Visaitov, N.Utsiev, M.Mazayev; four times (!): H.Nuradilov, who destroyed the Nazis 920 and captured the 12 man, captured the 7 machine guns.
Let us listen to the commander I.Pliyev: “The whole military life of this guardsman (K.Nuradilova) was a feat. He was one of the first to be awarded the title Hero of the USSR. On their blacks, Hanpash was rushing to the wind in defiance of death. In the battle for Shchigry, he was wounded in the arm. In the eyes of his comrades, he continued to mercilessly mow down the attacking enemies ... When attacking the village of Bayrak, Khanpash grenades destroyed several enemy firing points and captured five Germans. And when the enemy switched to a counterattack, he let the thick chain to 100-150 meters, and after repelling the attack, the squadron commander personally counted hundreds of oblique fascists in the field ... And in the Bukanovsky bridgehead in the September battles, Khanpash immortalized his name ... In the last for he fought, at a critical moment a young communist threw up to bandage his wounded leg, sat down at the machine gun more comfortably and continued to mercilessly mow down the enemy. His dying words: “Googled up, but you hold!” - so they say in the Caucasus. - “Otherwise, what a man you are! ..”
The newspaper "Izvestia" from October 31 1942, wrote: "It will be years. New bright colors sparkle our lives. And the happy youth of Chechnya, the girls of Don, the guys of Ukraine will sing songs about X Nuradilov. ” To our regret, they do not sing songs about him, and you can’t call the youth of Chechnya happy. Only the obelisk on Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd reminds of a knight warrior, but grateful villagers of Bukanovskaya visit his grave ...
Another example: “Khavazhi Magomed-Mirzoev was one of the first to cross the Dnieper and create a bridgehead on the right bank of the river. For this feat he was awarded the “Golden Star” of the Hero, and later on, in only one battle, he personally exterminated the 262 fascist. Apparently, there, upstairs, rewarding him for the Dnieper operation, they overlooked the "fifth column", and this time corrected themselves. Sniper M Amaev exterminated 197 Fritz, but again the notorious “fifth count” worked. But sniper Morozov was given two Hero Stars for 180 Fritz, while meanwhile the Chechen sniper Abuhazhi Idrisov was given one Hero Star with a creak for the destroyed Nazis with a creak (Izvestia magazine, History issue, Grozny, 349, p. 1960, -69).
Dasha Akayev, commander of an aviation assault regiment, paid the price of his and his comrades' lives for the defeat of the largest German airbase of the heavy bombers Heinkel-111. This base was stationed at the Estonian city of Rakvere and its planes constantly tormented the troops of four fronts - Leningradsky, Volkhovsky, Kalininsky and Western. Major Akayev warned the pilots before departure, saying: "Doubters may remain, the battle will be fierce." Five "ILs" led by their commander 26 February 1944. headed for the air base and defeated it. Thus, the glorious son of the Chechen people “cut a window” to the West for besieged Leningrad. ("The Fate of the Hero", Colonel S. Koshurko).
Our soldiers died the death of heroes not for rewards, but to defend the honor and homeland! How many more of them are brave soldiers and officers who rest in the whole European continent and silently crying to the memory of their descendants ...
Chechens in the 1941-1945 war.
- Avhan Malayev
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