Military Review

Project news MBTS "Cayman" (Belarus)

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At one time, the Caiman Belarusian-made armored car became quite widely known. This project was created on behalf of the leadership of the country and is intended to update the fleet of military equipment of the ground forces. Previously, the company-developer of the armored vehicle has published some data about it, and also shared personnel with factory tests. Recently, fresh ones were announced again. news about the project. According to reports from the Belarusian industry, the armored Caiman will soon be able to enter service.


As follows from previous reports of Belarusian enterprises, government agencies and the media, by the end of last year a prototype mobile armored vehicle (MBTS) "Cayman" was used during various factory tests, and also participated in some demonstration events. Checks by the testers of the manufacturer allowed to establish the real characteristics, as well as correct the existing shortcomings of the project. After that, a promising car could be submitted for state tests.



In early February of this year, several publications of the Republic of Belarus quoted a representative of the enterprise that developed the Cayman Office. The head of the marketing department of 140 Repair Plant OJSC (Borisov), Vitaly Zabello, said that the state tests of the armored car would have to take place as soon as possible in February-March 2017 of the year. It was asserted that following the results of state tests, questions of serial production and ordering equipment for the army will be solved.

A few weeks later, representatives of the Belarusian press were admitted to the landfill, which became a platform for inspections of the Caiman. According to the results of this, several publications at once published news about current works, and a number of TV channels showed how an experienced armored car copes with the tracks and obstacles of the test site.

According to the Belarusian press, the Brest training ground became a platform for state tests of a mobile armored vehicle. Tests are held in the most difficult conditions. The equipment overcomes various routes and obstacles, crosses water barriers and otherwise shows high mobility. Performance characteristics are checked using daily runs, etc. At the time of the news in the media experienced "Cayman" continued to test. It was also noted that the future fate of the development will be determined soon. Exact dates for the appearance of an order for serial armored cars, etc. plans have not yet been clarified.



The latest news suggests that in the next few months or even weeks, the prototype MBTS Cayman will complete the tests, after which the armored car can be recommended for use. Then there should be a contract for the mass production of equipment. The organization that developed the project, Borisov 140 Repair Plant, will obviously be producing armored cars.

Recall, the development of the project MBTS "Cayman" was launched in 2014 year. The work began in accordance with the instructions of the President of the Republic of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko. During the visit to the 140-th repair plant, the head of state set the task of creating a promising armored car capable of solving various transport and combat tasks. A promising combat vehicle was planned to be put into service with its own army, as well as to offer foreign military forces to order.

The draft mobile armored vehicle was developed in the shortest possible time. In just four months, the company's specialists, led by chief designer Olga Petrova, studied the existing requirements and opportunities, formed the overall look of the future machine and developed a complete project. Soon the construction of a prototype for testing and verification of the project started. In the middle of 2015, the Belarusian newspaper “For the Glory of the Motherland” first told about the new armored car, and also published images of this car.



At least from the middle of 2015, a prototype of the Caiman armored car underwent factory tests, during which it confirmed the design characteristics and got rid of the identified deficiencies. At the end of March last year, the Belarusian industry published a video showing individual moments of ground tests of an armored car. In the video, the car successfully moved along various routes, overcame obstacles and crossed water obstacles by swimming.

Earlier it was reported that when developing a new project, it was decided to use some of the existing components and assemblies borrowed from serial equipment. Thus, the Caiman’s armored hull was to be based on elements of the BRDM-2 reconnaissance and patrol vehicle, and some parts of the chassis were borrowed from the BTR-60 armored personnel carrier.

Interestingly, in early March, 2017, the authors of the project refuted the well-known data on the use of the BRDM-2 units. Chief Designer O. Petrova called the version of using the existing building erroneous. The appearance of such a version, she associated with the similarity of the bow of the BRDM-2 and "Cayman." At the same time, in the course of developing a new project, existing ideas and solutions were actually used. MBTS "Caiman" had to overcome water barriers, and therefore, not wanting to waste time, the designers of the 140 repair plant decided to use the already proven form of the frontal part of the hull. At the same time, the two cars have a lot of differences, including the level of protection.



As part of the Caiman project, a new armor corps was developed, having some similarities to the BRDM-2 corps. At the same time, some new ideas and solutions related to the need to enhance certain characteristics were used. As follows from the published data, the new look of the corps made it possible to solve the main tasks, as well as to improve performance in comparison with the existing reconnaissance and patrol vehicle.

MBTS Caiman received a frontal part formed by several armor plates of various shapes. Above the front lower unit of the forehead there are three inclined sheets with openings for the glazing. According to the authors of the project, the frontal projection of the armored car is able to protect the crew from armor-piercing rifle bullets of caliber 7,62 mm. It is noteworthy that in this respect the Belarusian armored car has noticeable advantages over a similar Soviet-made vehicle.

The hull sides consist of three parts, a vertical central and an inclined top and bottom. The lower hull elements in combination with the armor bottom provide some protection against explosive devices. It is proposed to install various additional parts, housings, etc. on top of the main sheets of the boards. In particular, the armored hull received large wings over the wheels, made in the form of polygonal devices. The stern sheet of the hull is located vertically and is equipped with lighting equipment, a mount for a spare wheel, etc. The roof of the case consists of a horizontal front and a sloping rear.

Project news MBTS "Cayman" (Belarus)


From the point of view of the layout of the case, the Belarusian “Cayman” is similar to the Soviet BRDM-2. The front and center of the hull are given under the manned compartment, which accommodates the crew and landing places. Stern accommodates the engine compartment. The latter was placed diesel engine D-245.30-2 of the Minsk Motor Plant. Engine power 170 HP equipped with electronic fuel supply system and is connected to a five-speed manual gearbox. Transmission provides the issuance of torque on both axles.

Bridges, wheel gearboxes and torsion bar suspension for the Caiman were created on the basis of the relevant parts of the outdated BTR-60 armored personnel carrier. Through the use of such units it was possible to obtain a sufficiently high mobility on rough terrain. Also, an armored car received funds for movement on water. In the stern of the hull, behind the wheels, two jet propulsion units are installed.

MBTS Cayman can carry up to six people, including the driver. Own crew of an armored car from one or two people are located in front of the habitable compartment. At their workplaces there are all the necessary controls. In addition, to improve visibility, the driver can use the camcorder mounted on the body of the camera, giving a signal to the dashboard monitor. The driver and the commander must fall into place with the help of hatches in the roof.



Four paratroopers should be in the compartment, which occupies most of the habitable compartment. The paratroopers are invited to use the side hull doors and the upper hatch. In the roof of the troop compartment there is a hatch suitable for installing one or another weapon. Depending on the needs of the customer, an armored car can carry machine guns or other weapons. Perhaps the Cayman is capable of carrying even remotely controlled combat modules. In the course of the current tests, an armored car carries a set of armor plates and a rifle-caliber machine gun on the hatch.

The Caiman MBTS has a combat mass of no more than 7 tons. Thanks to its relatively powerful engine, the vehicle is able to reach speeds up to 110 km / h on the highway. Water cannons accelerate armored cars to 8 km / h. The power reserve is declared at the level of 1000 km. With the available characteristics, an armored car can solve various tasks related to transporting people, patrolling, escorting columns, etc. In addition, it is possible to use such equipment as a combat vehicle of intelligence officers working in the enemy’s rear units.

The first prototype of the Caiman was introduced in the middle of 2015, and soon went to the test. During inspections at the site, the initial project was obviously refined due to the need to improve technical and operational characteristics. As the available photographic materials show, it was decided to abandon the front brackets for the installation of lighting equipment. Now headlights and other similar devices are placed on the front and side hull sheets, and also covered with grilles. Perhaps, some modifications were applied to the power plant, transmission, chassis, etc.



According to the latest reports, the experimental equipment is now involved in state trials. It should be noted that the mobile armored vehicle has not yet been officially presented. The presentation of this car should take place in May, during the Minsk international exhibition MILEX 2017. During this show, the first official show of the armored car to specialists and the general public will take place.

Also, the company-developer is already considering the possibility of presenting several Caiman armored vehicles at parades. 3 July in Minsk to be held a parade on Independence Day. In the parade, armored vehicles can pass a new type. According to the Belarusian press, the mechanized column may include five armored cars. Machines will be equipped with different weapons and equipment. Thus, two “Caimans” will receive machine guns of rifle and large caliber, one will carry an automatic grenade launcher, a fourth machine will be equipped with a combat module “Adunok”. Another armored vehicle will be presented as a communication vehicle.

Apparently, the issue of the participation of the IBTS "Cayman" in the future parade is still only being considered. At the moment, the main task of the 140 repair plant and the military department is the completion of state tests. Only after the end of the current inspections a prospective model of armored vehicles will be able to count on being put into serial production and entering the troops. According to various sources, state tests should end as soon as possible.



In the next few months - in case of receipt of the relevant recommendations - the armored car "Caiman" can be adopted. Any plans of the Belarusian Ministry of Defense concerning the procurement of such equipment have not yet been announced. The military show interest in the latest domestic development, but it has not yet been drawn up in the form of real contracts. As a result, the exact dates of commencement of service and the number of armored vehicles required remain unknown.

To date, specialists 140-th repair plant managed to successfully solve a number of important tasks in the framework of the new project. Prospective mobile armored vehicle coped with factory testing and entered the public. After the completion of the last organization, the developer will have to face new challenges in the form of mass construction of new model cars. New important events in stories armored "Caiman" should occur in the very near future, so we will continue to follow the news.


On the materials of the sites:
http://vpk.gov.by/
http://140zavod.by/
http://ctv.by/
http://belaruspartisan.org/
http://bsvt.by/
http://belrynok.by/
http://borisovnews.by/
Author:
Photos used:
OJSC "140 Repair Works" / 140zavod.by, СТВ / Ctv.by
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  1. Gray brother
    Gray brother 28 March 2017 06: 46
    +1
    According to the authors of the project, the frontal projection of the armored car is able to protect the crew from armor-piercing rifle bullets of 7,62 mm caliber. It is noteworthy that in this regard, the Belarusian armored car has significant advantages over a similar Soviet-designed car.

    The mess holds 7.62 anyway, surely what’s the advantage then?
    1. Alekseev
      Alekseev 28 March 2017 15: 17
      +10
      Quote: Gray Brother
      then what is the advantage?

      Quote: alex-cn
      Maybe I missed something amid many

      Quote: alex-cn
      But BRDM is probably not responding too much.

      Closer to the body, as Maupassant said! laughing
      It is quite obvious that this “Cayman” is made according to the principle: I blinded it from what was and does not represent any breakthrough.
      Hull parts and assemblies from old Soviet armored vehicles, the D-245 diesel engine from the Belarus tractor, it works well only on this tractor, and when smart people force it by boost, it breaks often and unexpectedly. Who does not believe ask the drivers Pazikov, Gazikov and Bychkov.
      But this motor is produced in Minsk and is quite cheap.
      The main thing is the price of such an alteration. Wouldn't it be easier and much cheaper to supply a diesel engine (YaMZ-540) and an independent suspension instead of bridges on the BRDM?
      There are also retractable wheels on it, without them, any trench or stream bed can easily become insurmountable for a biaxial machine. On the BRDM, the glass closes with armored “centuries” - reliably, although not brutally. But what kind of glass on this Cayman? Even bulletproof glass after being hit by bullets is unusable - it becomes impossible to see anything in them ...
      In general, the car is not for battle, but for the police, for example.
      The main task for the plant and designers was to flash snot before the authorities in the style of the decline of Soviet times. They say we can, if the Old Man orders! yes
      But if it comes out very inexpensively (this is unlikely!), Then maybe there will be buyers.
  2. alex-cn
    alex-cn 28 March 2017 07: 23
    +3
    Maybe I missed something against the background of many armored vehicles that have now arrived in the Russian army, but I do not see among them small- and medium-sized floating samples. But BRDM probably no longer meets modern requirements.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 28 March 2017 08: 50
      +6
      Quote: alex-cn
      But BRDM probably no longer meets modern requirements.

      For a long time not responding. That is why the BRDM-3 should have looked like this:

      In the BRDM-2, as well as in the Cayman, there simply will not be enough space to place everything that needs to be shoved there to ensure the fulfillment of the tasks assigned to the machine.
      1. Army soldier2
        Army soldier2 28 March 2017 11: 01
        +2
        Quote: Spade
        Quote: alex-cn
        But BRDM probably no longer meets modern requirements.

        For a long time not responding. That is why the BRDM-3 should have looked like this:

        In the BRDM-2, as well as in the Cayman, there simply will not be enough space to place everything that needs to be shoved there to ensure the fulfillment of the tasks assigned to the machine.

        Have you visited Cayman? If so, share your impressions. And I would like more specifically - the placement of which in the BRDM-2 is not enough space?
        Of course, in 55 years the car could not but become obsolete. However, huge modernization opportunities were laid in it. And the Cayman itself can be considered as a deep modernization of the BRDM-2.
        And, of course, the BRDM and the armored personnel carrier are equipment for different tasks. Therefore, they are unlikely to be similar.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 28 March 2017 11: 27
          +6
          Quote: Army 2
          Have you visited Cayman? If so, share your impressions. And I would like more specifically - the placement of which in the BRDM-2 is not enough space?

          Are you sure that there is more space inside the Cayman than in the BRDM-2?
          Well, about the latter, our anti-tank driver BRDM-2 was present as a KShMok. After he loaded inside what was supposed to be the LPR in a standard installation, a compass, two radio stations, other pieces, the tower stopped turning. The personnel had to carry on the armor.

          For a modern BRDM, communication only requires work in at least three bands, and there are preferably two VHF stations. Plus a normal navigation system, both inertial and satellite. Plus the LBPLA complex, plus equipment for optical reconnaissance. Plus a kit for finding mines and IEDs. plus systems for RBM intelligence.
          I don’t think it’s possible, in principle, to tamper into the Cayman, even if you initially plan to transport scouts not in the car, but on top of the armor.
          1. alex-cn
            alex-cn 28 March 2017 11: 34
            +1
            The size of the 123rd, full-time on the BRDM and similar modern models, TA-4 with modern ones can not be compared.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 28 March 2017 11: 39
              +2
              Quote: alex-cn
              The size of the 123rd, standard on BRDM and similar modern designs

              And if you compare the size of one 123 and at least five stations, moreover, with the equipment of the ZAS?

              Quote: alex-cn
              TA-4 with modern and can not be compared.

              Definitely. Modern more. TA-4 is generally a misunderstanding, requiring a lot of time for its maintenance and highly qualified personnel. Our intelligence did just take beer and went to the gunners.
          2. Army soldier2
            Army soldier2 28 March 2017 12: 22
            +2
            Quote: Spade
            Are you sure that there is more space inside the Cayman than in the BRDM-2?

            I was not inside the Cayman. Therefore, I asked you.
            For a modern BRDM, communication only requires work in at least three bands, and there are preferably two VHF stations. Plus a normal navigation system, both inertial and satellite. Plus the LBPLA complex, plus equipment for optical reconnaissance. Plus a kit for finding mines and IEDs. plus systems for RBM intelligence.
            I don’t think it’s possible, in principle, to tamper into the Cayman, even if you initially plan to transport scouts not in the car, but on top of the armor.

            22 years ago, I was appointed commander of a reconnaissance landing goth. The company was armed with BRDM-ru, BRDM-2 and BTR-60pb. Therefore, I have a good idea of ​​BRDMki, their purpose and capabilities.
            BRDM-2 - a means of military intelligence, that is, the link of the regiment division.
            Why do we need three radio stations in the BRDM (in three bands), because the commander of the WG, RDG, RD has only two chiefs - the company commander and the intelligence chief.
            Of course we need a "normal navigation system, both inertial and satellite." At the same time, the satellite navigation system is small-sized, while the inertial one is quite located in the near-space. Optical intelligence, probably a laser rangefinder and thermal imager, in my opinion, is also available. As for the LBPLA, isn’t it easier to have it at the reconnaissance reconnaissance regiment (division)?
            As for the kit for the search for mines and IEDs and the system for the RBM reconnaissance, let us leave them to the specialists who conduct engineering and RBF reconnaissance.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 28 March 2017 12: 55
              +4
              Quote: Army 2
              BRDM-2 - a means of military intelligence, that is, the link of the regiment division.

              This is not a "means of intelligence," this is a misunderstanding. A reconnaissance tool is at least a BRM-1K type vehicle. Able to accurately determine their own coordinates, and the coordinates of the targets.

              Quote: Army 2
              Why do we need three radio stations in the BRDM (in three bands), because the commander of the WG, RDG, RD has only two chiefs - the company commander and the intelligence chief.

              First, EW. The enemy will not click his ears.
              Secondly, mountains, settlements and other things greatly complicate the work in the VHF range.
              Thirdly, and if you need to deploy a "takeaway"? Pull wire? Or messengers?

              Quote: Army 2
              Of course we need a "normal navigation system, both inertial and satellite." At the same time, the satellite navigation system is small-sized, while the inertial one is quite located in the near-space.

              Satellite is not small. It is necessary to know not only the coordinates, but also the directional axis of the machine. This means that at least two, and preferably three, antennas of the global positioning system (in order to accurately determine the target’s elevation angle, are useful in the mountains)
              By inertia, the BRDM-2 lacks a Doppler track sensor, which is very bad for accuracy. Plus, a gyrocompass is definitely necessary for the initial determination of the true azimuth of the axis of the machine and its later refinement.
              Plus a computer in order to connect all this to the system. In short, in size it will be exactly larger than what is in the BRDM-2

              Quote: Army 2
              As for the LBPLA, isn’t it easier to have it at the reconnaissance reconnaissance regiment (division)?

              No, they need much heavier systems.

              Quote: Army 2
              As for the kit for the search for mines and IEDs and the system for the RBM reconnaissance, let us leave them to the specialists who conduct engineering and RBF reconnaissance.

              Instead of taking a sapper and chemist with you, will you have to take a sappers car with a crew and a RXM with a crew?
              1. Army soldier2
                Army soldier2 28 March 2017 13: 56
                0
                A very interesting, but as always on VO, inconclusive discussion. And it began, I remind you whether there is enough reserved space at the Cayman.
                1. Lopatov
                  Lopatov 28 March 2017 17: 05
                  +1
                  Quote: Army 2
                  And it began, I remind you whether there is enough reserved space at the Cayman.

                  Judging by the fact that the BRDM-3 was made on the basis of the BTR-80A, I think, however, there will not be enough armored “Cayman”.
      2. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 28 March 2017 16: 43
        0
        I would make a 3 axis with the same engine and module
    2. Div Divich
      Div Divich 28 March 2017 08: 55
      +2
      For special operations with overcoming water obstacles there is an armored personnel carrier, infantry fighting vehicle, BMD.
      An armored personnel carrier on wheels, it’s suitable to drive on roads.
      Tracked infantry fighting vehicle, it is better suited for off-road.
      Crawler-mounted BMD, for off-road use, is optimized for transport by plane and parachute drop.

      So there are enough floating cars, you need to upgrade a large fleet of non-floating ones ...
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Army soldier2
        Army soldier2 28 March 2017 11: 19
        +2
        Quote: Sofa Divanich
        For special operations with overcoming water obstacles there is an armored personnel carrier, infantry fighting vehicle, BMD.

        You will be surprised, but special operations are carried out by the MTR. They have their own technique.
        An armored personnel carrier on wheels, it’s suitable to drive on roads.
        Tracked infantry fighting vehicle, it is better suited for off-road.
        Crawler-mounted BMD, for off-road use, is optimized for transport by plane and parachute drop.

        You may be surprised again, but in addition to "driving" on roads and off-road, armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles and infantry fighting vehicles have a military mission.
        So there are enough floating cars, you need to upgrade a large fleet of non-floating ones ...

        It is informative to read the comment of a specialist.
        1. Div Divich
          Div Divich 29 March 2017 02: 29
          +1
          I am not an expert, but a layman. I would like to know more about military equipment.
          He expressed his opinion. More than once I saw how tracked vehicles go through the wind-driven, and wheeled vehicles usually drive along a previously prepared road.

          The military was offered some time ago a water tank, which is similar to the BRDM, but modular. He did not know how to swim, but this is not the point, since you can add this function if you wish. And such a car did not suit the military.

          So nowadays the BRDM is outdated, the old ones will surely be finished, and there are no sense to take new ones, since there are better cars for the current wars.

          The military team then replaced the water tank with the Tigers. Accordingly, this is their preference for sentinel machines.

          And when you need to overcome water barriers, this is not necessary every day - you can use special machines mentioned above.
    3. Lopatov
      Lopatov 28 March 2017 09: 01
      +2
      The floating "small-sized" we have developed, "Ansyr"

      By the way, the 5th class is armored. But the problems there are the same as those of the BRDM-2 and Cayman - stupidly not enough space.

      At the base in Abkhazia, they tested the Shot as a base for a new generation of ballistic missiles, but it is not floating, and in addition, the pilot operation revealed many shortcomings of the base machine, which were only partially eliminated.
  3. Amurets
    Amurets 28 March 2017 07: 57
    +2
    The latter placed the D-245.30E2 diesel engine of the Minsk Motor Plant. 170 hp engine equipped with an electronic fuel supply system and connected to a five-speed manual gearbox. The transmission provides torque output on both axles.
    What fright did they take such power from? From the flyer?
    TECH SPECS
    Name of the parameter D245.30E2-1802
    Type: four-stroke turbocharged with charge air cooling
    Number and arrangement of cylinders: 4, in-line, vertical
    Displacement (L): 4,75
    Bore and Stroke, mm: 110/125
    Compression Ratio: 17
    Specific fuel consumption, g / kW · h (g / hp · h): 210 (154)
    Power (kW) (hp): 115 (156,4)
    Speed, rpm: 2400
    Maximum torque, N · m (kg · m): 526 (53,7)
    Speed ​​at maximum torque, rpm: 1500
    Weight, kg: 540
    Overall dimensions, mm: 1532 x 659 x 975
    Long-stroke engine, which means that the piston speed will increase, and, accordingly, the wear of the CPG. Wouldn’t it be easier to put the MMZ D-260 and not have trouble with the electronic injection system. Especially in the army.
  4. Div Divich
    Div Divich 28 March 2017 09: 04
    +2
    This machine is a very budget version of military equipment. For example, with BMD, it’s not comparable in terms of combat power and security, and cross-country ability.
  5. Bronevick
    Bronevick 28 March 2017 12: 07
    +1
    The main sho telly is.
  6. Rabinowicz
    Rabinowicz 28 March 2017 21: 04
    0
    An interesting car, and the armor is kind of.
  7. K-50
    K-50 29 March 2017 12: 27
    +2
    Something between the BRDM and Vodnik. IMHO. what
  8. panzerfaust
    panzerfaust 29 March 2017 18: 55
    0
    It will do for Belarus, if only as an escort vehicle in peacetime. And for us it is already "yesterday." Yes, and "Vodnik" is already available.
  9. serezhasoldatow
    serezhasoldatow April 2 2017 19: 40
    0
    I didn’t make a strong impression. For intelligence, it can and will. There is no wave-reflecting shield, the windshield is not protected. For special vehicles-RXM, Communication, Intelligence. Dimensions increased.
  10. abarth
    abarth 7 January 2018 12: 34
    0
    Yeah ... such an armored car so to fish storage, for example, to Astrakhan)