Military Review

Expectations to take Stalingrad a sudden blow failed

40
Continuation of the German offensive. 4th kick tank armies


The Wehrmacht was unable to seize Stalingrad, as was planned by the German command, 25 July 1942. Convinced that Stalingrad could not be taken by the 6 Army alone, the offensive here was suspended until the approach to the 6 Army of two army corps, the 17 and 11.

The German command made a new regrouping of forces: the 4-I tank army, which acted against the troops of the Southern front in the Caucasus, at the end of July 1942, was again transferred to Army Group “B”. The army consisted of the 48 tank corps (14 tank and 29 motorized divisions), the German army 4 corps (94 and 371 infantry divisions) and the 6 Romanian corps. The 6 field army received the task of completely seizing the right bank of the Don and taking Stalingrad with the 4 tank armies. The German high command attached special importance to the capture of Stalingrad, considering that "the fate of the Caucasus will be decided at Stalingrad." The Stalingrad Wehrmacht grouping strengthened in this way was again launched into the offensive. The 4 Tank Army under the command of General Goth 31 July launched an offensive from a bridgehead in the Tsimlyansk region. The Germans moved the main forces along the railway Tikhoretsk - Kotelnikovo, rushing to Stalingrad from the south.

In this direction, the 51 Army held defenses, which had four rifle and two cavalry divisions on the 200-kilometer front from Verkhne-Kurmoyarskaya to the region in 45 km south-west of Zimovniki. This army temporarily (until the beginning of October) replacing the diseased Major General N. I. Trufanova was commanded by his Deputy Major General TK Kolomiets. Using the superiority of forces in the direction of the strike, the German troops broke through the defenses of the 51 Army and August 1 captured Repair, and the next day Kotelnikovo. In the evening of August 3, the advanced units of the 4 of the German tank army reached the r. Aksay, and then began to develop an attack on Abganerovo and Prolificoy, bypassing Stalingrad from the south-west.

Expectations to take Stalingrad a sudden blow failed


German 4-I tank army in the attack on Stalingrad, crossed the river Sal

The breakthrough of the 51 Army’s defense created a difficult situation for both the 64 Army, as the German troops were on its left flank and communications, and for the entire defense of the Stalingrad region. The 64-I army defended at the turn of Logovskiy, Verkhne-Kurmoyarskaya along the eastern bank of the Don and further along the southern front of the bypass along the r. Aksay, Abganerovo, Fertile, Tinguta. The formations and units of the army were located on different sectors of the front, which made control difficult. So, on the right bank of the Don 229-I, 112-I divisions defended themselves. Therefore, they were included in the 62-th army. At the same time, the 64 Army gave a number of new formations.

At the same time, resistance along the r. Aksai from the weakened troops of the 51st Army and reserve units of the 64th Army that retreated to it, 40 kilometers from the main line of defense. A separate operational group of troops was also formed under the command of Lieutenant General V. I. Chuikov, deputy commander of the 64th Army (the army was then led by an experienced commander, Major General Mikhail Stepanovich Shumilov, who began to fight in the tsar’s army and began the Great Patriotic War war as corps commander). The operational group included the 29th, 138th and 157th rifle divisions of Colonels A. I. Kolobutin. I.I. Lyudnikova and D.S. Kuropatenko, 6th Guards Tank Brigade, 154th Marine Corps, two regiments of Guards mortars. The group was also reinforced by the 208th Infantry Division of Colonel K. M. Voskoboinikov, who had arrived near Stalingrad from Siberia. However, the four echelons of this division, unloaded on August 3 at the Kotelnikovo station, were immediately hit by a powerful German strike. aviation and came under a tank attack. The losses were big.

The situation was extremely difficult. The 64 units were scattered around the army, communication was not established, German mobile units broke through to Abganerovo, covering the left flank of the 64 army, Chuikov's task force. The 38 Division Infantry Division was on the edge of the line. But it was very small, and occupied a large front - up to 20-25 km. And she could not, of course, stop the enemy’s armored forces advancing from the south with her own forces. Luftwaffe dominated the air. Therefore, any movement of troops was carried out mainly at night, and counterattacks were undertaken in the evening or early in the morning, when German aircraft could not effectively act on the battlefield.

At this time, the commander 64 of General Shumilov received the newly arrived 126 rifle division of Colonel VE Sorokin. “Having assessed the situation that the enemy hardly threatened the right wing, since the 62 Army was still fighting for Don, and the center of the army was the most threatened,” said General M. S. Shumilov, “I decided all my reserves and newly arrived To direct the 126 Division to the center and take up a solid defense. ” The 126 Rifle Division managed to take up a defensive line at the front in the Abganerovo area in time. During the fierce battle the Germans were stopped. On the remaining sectors of the front occupied by the 64 army, the enemy also could not continue to break through. As the Germans pulled up their main forces to the battlefield, they approached the Abganerovo area and the units of the 64 Army.

As previously mentioned, the Supreme Command headquarters, in an effort to ease the management of the Stalingrad front, which stretched across the 800 km, on August 5 divided it into two independent fronts, the Stalingrad and the Southeast. Lieutenant-General V.N. Gordov remained commander of the Stalingrad front. Colonel-General A. I. Eremenko was appointed commander of the South-Eastern Front. True, the General Headquarters soon subordinated the Stalingrad Front to the commander of the South-Eastern Front in operational terms. 13 August The rate laid the command of the Federation Council and the South-Eastern Front on Eremenko. V.N. Gordov was appointed his deputies: F.I. Golikov - by the SF. On August 12, Chief of the General Staff A. Vasilevsky arrived in Stalingrad for a few days to help the commanders of the Northern Fleet and the Southern Administrative Fund. On August 18, the Deputy Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR, V. Malyshev, was sent to ensure the operation of the enterprises of Stalingrad, which should have strengthened the defense of the city.

The Bids Directive from 5 August set independent tasks for fronts. The Federation Council set itself the task of crushing the enemy, who had broken through the outer defensive line at the junction of the 62 and 21 armies, to restore the former position here, and then securely cover the city from the north-west and west. In the future, the troops of the front were to prepare a counter-attack in the direction of Morozovsk. The SFU was supposed to halt the further advance of the enemy in the southern section of the outer defensive bypass, by all means to prevent the enemy from breaking through the defense here. In the future, the front troops had to strike in the direction of Art. Zhutov, Kotelnikovo, in order to throw the enemy over the river. Sal.

The Stakes Directive of 9 August ended with the following words: “To have in mind both Comrade Eremenko and Comrade Gordov that the defense of Stalingrad and the defeat of the enemy coming from the west and south to Stalingrad is crucial for our entire Soviet front. The Supreme Commander obliges both Colonel-General Eremenko and Lieutenant-General Gordov not to spare forces and not to stop before any victims in order to defend Stalingrad and defeat the enemy. ”

Meanwhile, in the south-west of Stalingrad, the 4-I tank army of Goth continued to break through to the city. The main forces of the enemy's 48 tank corps 6 August focused on the river. Aksai and began to attack the left flank of the 64 Army between Abganerovo and Tinguta. The Germans were attacking the 94 th infantry, 29 th motorized, 14 th and 24 th tank divisions with the support of large aviation forces. During the fierce battles of 7-8 in August, German troops advanced to Tinguta station. Thus, the Germans managed to break through the defenses of the Soviet troops in one sector of the southern sector of the external Stalingrad bypass. The Germans were already just 30 km from Stalingrad, and the danger of the enemy breaking through to the city greatly increased.

It is worth noting that the German troops at that time also acted with the utmost exertion of all forces. Author stories 14 of the Tank Division Rolf Grams noted: “... Tropical heat in the steppes open on all sides, dense clubs of endless dust again demanded extreme stress from people and machines. Only a short lunch break - and a new cast across the sultry steppe. ... These were difficult days for the tank and artillery regiments, the situation was aggravated by the lack of fuel and ammunition. Open steppe spaces gave noticeable advantages to enemy tanks with their wider range of operations. ... The bulk of the technology was in the workshops in Aksai. The situation was no better in the rest of the division. ”

The Soviet command again took extraordinary measures to stabilize the front. “In one day 7 of August,” noted A.I. Eremenko, “all the available reserves and funds were collected. We even had to pick up tank and artillery units even from the formation points, replenish parts of the left flank of the 64 Army, in order to be able to organize a counterattack against enemy forces that broke through the outer contour in the 74 km junction area (A.I. Eremenko. Stalingrad M., 1961.).

Fights were extremely fierce. The Germans threw large numbers of armored vehicles with infantry into battle, they were supported by 200-300 aircraft. In the area of ​​the breakthrough, the Germans had a significant advantage in strength. The 126 and 38-rifle divisions under the command of Colonels V.E. Sorokin and G. B. Safiulina, the 29-division of Colonel A. I. Kolobutin, and other parts heroically repelled the fierce onslaught of the enemy. The Soviet command hastily sent reinforcements. From the right flank of the army, the 204-Infantry Division of Colonel A.V. Skvortsov, three cadet regiments (Krasnodar, 1 and 3-th Ordzhonikidze), 133-I tank brigade were deployed to the enemy’s offensive area. The army was reinforced by the 13 tank corps under the command of Colonel T.I. Tanaschishin, artillery. The 254-I tank brigade, located beyond 250 km from the front, was also thrown to the battlefield under its own power.

The command of the Soviet 64 Army prepared a counterattack against the enemy by the forces of the 204 Infantry Division of Colonel Skvortsov, the cadet regiments and part of the 38 Infantry Division supported by tank brigades. The actions of the ground forces were supported by almost the entire 8 Air Force, which carried out 400-600 sorties per day and long-range aviation. The ground forces also supported the 102-I Fighter Air Defense Division. On the morning of August 9, the 64-I army launched a counterstrike on the enemy. Up to three German regiments were defeated, a significant number of tanks were destroyed. By the end of August 10, the Soviet troops, pushing the Germans aside, entered the outer defensive line. German 4-I tank army, having suffered serious losses during the offensive, went on the defensive. The command of Army Group “B” decided to urgently strengthen this army with tank and infantry divisions from the 6 Army. Persistent battles in this direction continued until August 17.


Soviet tanks KV-1 and T-34, shot down in the steppe between the Don and the Volga

Column 16-th Panzer Division of the Wehrmacht in the attack on Stalingrad

Thus, the 4-I German such army broke through the defense of the 51-th Soviet army and at one of the sites broke through for the external defensive line of Stalingrad, being already in 30 km from the city. The stubborn resistance of the troops of the 64 Army, reinforced by new units and formations, the remaining forces of the 51 Army, restrained the onslaught of the enemy. The counter strike of the 64 Army troops halted the enemy’s rapid attack. 4-I tank army, which suffered heavy losses, temporarily turned to defense, waiting for reinforcements. However, the heroic troops of the 64 Army, stopped the enemy breakthrough at a great price. Many commanders have fallen or been injured; a significant part of the rank and file has failed.

On the way to the advance of German troops to Stalingrad from the south in early August, the troops of the 57th Army under the command of Major General F.I. Tolbukhin took up defense. Until August 14, the enemy did not take any active actions in front of the army, conducted reconnaissance and concentrated his troops. Troops of the 57th Army in cooperation with the Volga Military flotilla were supposed to prevent the enemy from breaking through in the area of ​​Raigorod.



Paulus 6 offensive

In the meantime, on the morning of August 7, 1942 resumed the offensive by the German 6 troops under the command of Paulus, reinforced by the army corps 17 and 11. Striking from the north and south on the flanks of the 62 Army defending west of Stalingrad, the German command sought to encircle and destroy its troops, completely seize the right bank of the Don, and then force the river to break through to the city. The Germans attacked 4 infantry, 4 motorized and 1 tank divisions. Under the onslaught of the overwhelming forces of the enemy, the troops of the 62 Army from August 9 retreated to the left bank of the Don in order to occupy a defense there.

The position of the 62 Army troops remaining on the west bank was becoming more and more dangerous. 13 August they fought surrounded, making their way to the crossings of the Don. Soviet divisions were divided into small groups. After persistent battles that continued until August 14, the troops of the 62 Army retreated to the left bank of the Don and took up defensive positions on the outer defensive line in the area from Vertyachy to Lyapichev. 62-I army suffered serious losses, from its four divisions were small groups that left the environment before 17 August. Thus, the wounded commander of the 33-th Guards Rifle Division, Colonel A. I. Utvenko, brought one hundred and twenty people out of the encirclement.

Our troops everywhere stubborn resistance. Thus, the 20-I motorized rifle brigade commanded by Colonel P. S. Ilyin distinguished. At its disposal on the five-kilometer front in the area of ​​Kalach-on-Don, there were only 1800 people. Artillery weapons were also insignificant. But, skillfully buried in the ground, hiding from bombing and shelling, the Soviet soldiers did not allow the Nazis to the river. On August 15, the sappers of the brigade blew up the bridge over the Don River, and when the enemy brought the crossing, it was also blown up. In battles with the enemy, the brigade (together with the fortified area artillery and machine-gun battalion attached to it) confronted the superior forces of the enemy and caused them considerable damage. Only on the night of September 1, on the orders of the commander of the 62 army, did the 20-i motorized rifle brigade and the units that joined it dismantled and began to withdraw to Stalingrad. The surrounded group left on the Oak Beam to the area of ​​Dar-Mountain, where they occupied the defense north of the Pioneer camps. Here, the brigade, exsanguinated in fierce battles, continued to fight with superior enemy forces for 10 days. Heroically, almost to the last fighter, cadet regiments of the Krasnodar, Grozny, Vinnitsa, 2 Ordzhonikidze schools fought. By the middle of August, only the regiment of the Ordzhonikidze school, which was in the army reserve, existed, the rest of the cadets died a brave death. As a result, the German troops liquidated the bridgehead of the Soviet troops on the right bank of the Don in the Kalach area.


Part of the German 6-th army are attacking Stalingrad. August 1942.

Armored boats of the Volga flotilla firing on the positions of the German troops in Stalingrad

In the middle of August, the Germans delivered a strong new blow to the 4 Tank Army in the direction of Triostrovskaya. German troops literally rammed the defense of General Kryuchenkin’s army and came to the Don with tank wedges. The units of the 192, 205 and 184 infantry divisions did not retreat to the left bank, but stood to death. They were surrounded. The division commander, Colonel K.A. Zhuravlev, was seriously wounded; he was taken out of the encirclement and saved. The division commander was received by the head of the Serebryannikov political department, but he soon died. On August 17, the Germans surrounded the command post of the 753 Infantry Regiment. Staff members fought. The Nazis threw KP grenades and killed the guards. In this battle, the commander of the regiment, Major A.I. Volkov, and the Chief of Staff, Captain A.I. Zaporozhtsev, were killed. The remnants of the 676 and 427 regiments were sent to Sirotinskaya, where the 40-th Guards Rifle Division of the 1-th Guards Army took up the defense the day before.

The next few days, being completely surrounded on the Don right bank, the remnants of 192, 205 and 184 of the rifle divisions more than 30 km made their way through the rear of the enemy to the Don. Out of the environment with weapons and documents, and if not possible - destroyed the technique. They came out in large and small groups in the direction of Golubinsky, Kachalinskaya, Sirotinskaya. Most of them went to Sirotinsky and became part of the 1 Guards Army. Part of the fighters who left the encirclement was sent to Stalingrad to strengthen its defense.

The remaining troops of the 4 Tank Army, with their left flank on August 17, withdrew behind the Don, taking up defensive forces on the outer contour from the mouth of the r. Ilovlya to Vertyachy, and part of the forces (right-flank connections) - to the northeast. Four divisions of the 1 Guards Army, originally intended for the South-Eastern Front, but transferred to the Stalingrad Front, were advanced to the Kremenskaya-Sirotinskaya estuary of the Ilovlya estuary. Initially, the 39-i and 40-i guards divisions under the command of major generals S. S. Guriev and A. I. Pastrevich were unloaded. Then the 37-I and 38-I Guard Rifle Divisions began to arrive. All of them had not had time to complete the formation, but had to immediately join the battle. The 41 Guards Division was on the march. The 37 and 39 divisions strengthened the 4 tank army. The remnants of the 321, 205 and 343 rifle divisions (right flank of the 4 tank army), which were only 700-800 people, were transferred to the 1 guards army. A few days later, the 4-I Guards and 23-rifle divisions also arrived in return for the two units transferred to the tank army. In fierce battles, the Soviet guards stopped the onslaught of the enemy and kept a bridgehead on the right bank of the Don.

In these difficult days, our warriors made more than one feat. August 16 group of fighters of the 40 Guards Rifle Division - N. A. Burdin, P. I. Burdov, I. I. Gushchin, A. S. Dvooglazov, N. V. Dokuchaev, I. N. Kasyanov, V. A Merkuryev, A. And Pukhovkin, M. P. Stepanenko, G. A. Unzhakov, I. N. Fedosimov, N. M. Fedotovsky, V. A. Chirkov, G. F. Stefan, and M. A. Shuktomov in led by junior lieutenant V. D. Kochetkov took the fight at the dominant height at the farm Dubovoy near Sirotinskaya. A handful of fighters repulsed the attack of the advanced enemy detachment, and then the whole company. Heroes fought off 5 attacks. 17 August offensive German infantry supported tanks. For several hours, the Soviet guards fought with the superior forces of the enemy. In the end, only four fighters remained - Stepanenko, Chirkov, Shuktomov and the wounded Kochetkov. Ammunition was consumed. Then the heroes tied grenades and tried to destroy the German tanks. When reinforcements arrived, six wounded German vehicles were discovered. The dying Kochetkov had time to tell about the feat of the guards. And there were lots of fights. So, the Soviet soldiers, died, but stopped the enemy. With each such battle, the “invincible” machine of the Wehrmacht received a small but hole. The turning point in the war was approaching.

The 38-I Guards Rifle Division under the command of Colonel A.O. Onufriev crossed the right bank bridgehead and immediately joined the battles. “In the following days, the enemy continuously attacked our positions all along the leading edge. However, he did not succeed anywhere. This time, he was not helped by the support of aviation, which fiercely bombed the battle formations of the defenders and the crossing of the Don. ” In the 1-th Guards Army, the enemy could not force Don.


Soviet fighters repel attacks of German troops rushing to Stalingrad

Thus, thanks to the heroism of the Soviet soldiers, the complete mobilization of the available forces and the transfer of reserves to the Stalingrad area, the German command’s attempt to take Stalingrad on the move finally failed. Within a month, fierce battles were fought, the enemy rushed forward, but breaking through the Soviet defenses, he met new barriers. Our troops inflicted counterattacks, tried to reject and suspend the offensive of the enemy. “Expectations to take Stalingrad with a sudden blow,” subsequently admitted Paulus, commander of the 6 army, “finally suffered a collapse.”

With the release of the Germans to the outer defensive line, the first stage of the Wehrmacht offensive operation ended. From 17 July to 17 August 1942, the German army advanced 60-80 km. German troops were in 60-70 km from the city from the west, and just 20-30 km from the south. Two strike forces of the enemy hung from the north and south over Stalingrad, and the German army maintained overall superiority over Soviet troops. The Germans continued to rush forward to the Volga. The idea of ​​the enemy was obvious: to seize Stalingrad by applying a concentric strike from the north and south.


German machine gun in the attack on Stalingrad

To be continued ...
Author:
Articles from this series:
1942 Campaign

The Third Reich again goes on the offensive.
"The whole Russian front was falling apart ..." Wehrmacht breakthrough in the southern strategic direction
Stalingrad Fortress
1942 year. "The operation in the south develops without stopping"
How the German army broke through to Stalingrad
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  1. Cat
    Cat 24 March 2017 07: 21
    +13
    Thank you!
    It remains only to supplement. Six months at the front and in the rear, in the south and not north, from a schoolboy to a steelworker, the whole country lived with the thought of "Stalingrad." And he resisted, he won and became a symbol of the “fundamental turning point” of the Great Patriotic War, a symbol of the unbending will and spirit of all the peoples of the USSR.
    As a child, I was severely "scratched" by lines, an essay about the French pilots of the Normandy regiment, which later became famous, the Normadie-Niemen. The essay described how the French were brought on an excursion to the ruined Stalingrad. I was indignant, I did not understand - there is a war, and then there is an excursion! Only many years later, I understood this simple but far-sighted step of the Soviet leadership!
    1. avva2012
      avva2012 24 March 2017 07: 47
      +15
      The feat is unprecedented! No wonder, such a gift was made to the city!


      Understood, then, who broke the ridge of the fascist beast.
      1. Andrey Skokovsky
        Andrey Skokovsky 24 March 2017 09: 53
        +5
        still the author of the article would understand this
        read at Samsonov KNOW AND REMEMBER The dialogue of the historian with the reader ..
        this citizen actively supported Gorbachev and participated in the denigration of Stalin, moreover, if he were young and inexperienced, no.
        if he hadn’t died in 92, now he could have stood on the same platform with the democratic liberals
        of course you need to read such people, but with an eye on their type of "independent" opinion, such as he led to the destruction of the USSR and destroyed the results of the victory of the Soviet people in the Second World War
        deb ... bl.
        1. avva2012
          avva2012 24 March 2017 10: 01
          +3
          Quote: Andrey Skokovsky if he hadn’t died in 92, now

          belay Five seconds the flight is normal ... I, as I understood from the comments of other colleagues, that the author’s articles come out of the pen in the present tense?
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 24 March 2017 07: 52
    +6
    The 29th division took an especially heavy battle on 30.08.1942/31.08.1942/1942, being dissected, having lost contact with the command, partially surrounded. Scattered divisions of the division by August 20.11.1942, 14 reached the southern outskirts of Stalingrad-Beketovka. From the first days of September 20, it fought heavy battles on the internal defensive contour. By that time, only one company was left in the rifle regiments by that time, the remaining five guns of the artillery regiment supported them with fire. 10.01.1943/1/2, again on the offensive, already with the goal of dissecting and destroying the group. It was also replenished by the cadet regiments of Vinnitsa, Grozny, 01.03.1943st and 72nd Krasnodar military infantry schools that participated in the battles for Stalingrad. guards rifle division.
  3. avva2012
    avva2012 24 March 2017 07: 55
    +9
    The Luftwaffe dominated the air. Therefore, any troop movements had to be carried out mainly at night, and counterattacks in the evening or early in the morning, when German aviation could not operate effectively on the battlefield.

    I read the memoirs of a German soldier, which on the eastern front surprised him, "the Russians loved to attack at night." It is clear why this "love" arose. You read and don’t understand how you could resist! Thanks to the author for the article. In my opinion, he is very good at writing about such events. So would continue.
  4. avva2012
    avva2012 24 March 2017 08: 43
    +5
    Heroically, almost to the last soldier, cadet regiments of the Krasnodar, Grozny, Vinnitsa, 2nd Ordzhonikidze schools fought. By mid-August, only the regiment of the Ordzhonikidze school really existed, which was in the army reserve, the rest of the cadets died the death of the brave.

    Commander of the 64th Army M.S. Shumilov noted: “... we threw them into the most dangerous directions. But no one grumbled, did not complain about fate. They demolished everything. They could be blamed for anything: excessive self-confidence, underestimation of the enemy, unrestrained disposition, anything but cowardice, lack of courage. There was a fearless people! ” (Heroic sixty-fourth. Volgograd, 1981. P. 133) .Nikolay Baibakov:
    Iron resistance of regiments and divisions.
    Commander’s order: “Not one step back!”
    Here the cadets stood to death, bringing
    Thy victory and glory, Stalingrad!
    Deadly lava was approaching them.
    Thunder and lightning are in them, the enemy is metal.
    But there was no stronger alloy
    In which their hearts and metal merged.
    Cadets of military schools, soldiers
    The front edge of the storming mouth.
    In the hands of machine guns, rifles, grenades,
    In their hearts - the desire for victory, forward!
    And in that front firing circle
    They did not spare lead for enemies.
    On the Volga land they went into immortality,
    Having fulfilled his military duty to the end.
    That's about whom to make films, series. Here are just all of these coopers, Mikhalkovs, at first, to drive a filthy broom from the cinema, otherwise they will remove the next one, "they fought for Katya."
  5. Andrey Skokovsky
    Andrey Skokovsky 24 March 2017 11: 53
    +7
    Quote: avva2012
    Quote: Andrey Skokovsky if he hadn’t died in 92, now

    belay Five seconds the flight is normal ... I, as I understood from the comments of other colleagues, that the author’s articles come out of the pen in the present tense?

    hmm, a piece of text through a search in Yandex skip ......
    Samsonov’s “Battle of Stalingrad” is a monumental work on 900 pages, for a couple of years there will be enough “new” articles, so it’s good to re-publish it with photo additions,
    books should be read, if only so, but this does not cancel the author’s personal position about which I wrote above, by the way, perhaps because of this position he was published in the late USSR .....
    open the previous article where he writes at the end about detachments, today it is well known that this was actually the last line of defense of a particular unit, but Samsonov’s are actually Stalin’s firing squads
    and such moments he constantly climbs
    or better just download Samsonov "KNOW AND REMEMBER The dialogue of the historian with the reader."
    read where he communicates with readers and everything is clear with a citizen
    1. avva2012
      avva2012 24 March 2017 12: 13
      +2
      What a twist! Ah, I’m here for "insulting the author" the second warning is ogreb. I would know, no, no, "about the dead or good or nothing." And this, too, as I understand it, untimely departed? https://topwar.ru/111530-strategiya-sozdaniya-per
      voy-russkoy-imperii.html Versatile was, if so.
      1. avva2012
        avva2012 24 March 2017 12: 31
        +2
        One example: in an effort to weaken the Soviet Union, the German fascists fabricated false documents about an allegedly counter-revolutionary conspiracy among the high command of the Red Army - the so-called "Tukhachevsky conspiracy." German documents were cleverly transported through Prague to Moscow, a monstrous provocation was a success. Its victims were the largest Soviet military leaders - M. N. Tukhachevsky, And E. Yakir, I. P. Uborevich, A. I. Egorov [All of them were rehabilitated by the decision of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR on January 31, 1957 (see: Pravda, 1988 March 27).]. And many other officer cadres in military districts. All this contributed to the untying of the hands of the German General Staff, the development of the Barbarossa plan. http://www.tinlib.ru/istorija/znat_i_pomnit/p1.ph
        p
        Here it is, Che, Mikhalych. It is clear where the liberal jets about the Second World War came from, including. They relied on a serious source. And, this was written by a historian, kh. Professional, yeah.
        1. zenion
          zenion 24 March 2017 17: 28
          +3
          I have read, your nobility, Suvorov and others like him.
      2. Andrey Skokovsky
        Andrey Skokovsky 24 March 2017 12: 44
        +4
        Quote: avva2012
        What a twist! Ah, I’m here for "insulting the author" the second warning is ogreb. I would know, no, no, "about the dead or good or nothing." And this, too, as I understand it, untimely departed? https://topwar.ru/111530-strategiya-sozdaniya-per
        voy-russkoy-imperii.html Versatile was, if so.

        I don’t know who and how uploads such articles to the site today, but the fact that there is academician A Samsonov and his many years of work, the Battle of Stalingrad is a fact,
        the text of this article does not exactly copy the work of the academician, this is understandable, 900
        it is actually a matter of fact that this historian, like most of the late Soviet Union intilligence, was robustly infected by the then-fashionable "free-thinking" that had nothing to do with historical reality but allowed it to be "in the trend of the political aspect"
        in principle, it’s 80 and not 90, I haven’t really lied yet, but the installation is quite intelligible ...
        1. avva2012
          avva2012 24 March 2017 13: 17
          +2
          "The very principle of the cult of personality is alien to the society that was created by the Great October Revolution. For the people liberated by the revolution are for the authority of the leaders, but against their deification: this is how V. Lenin taught and set a fine personal example. The masses have always been a creator of the history of mankind but not individuals. Does this mean that Stalin had no merit to the people? No, of course, there were such merits (as I. Karasev rightly mentions): in the implementation of plans for socialist construction, in strengthening the country's defense capabilities, leadership of the army during the years of the war against fascist aggression.However, all the successes achieved by the party and the people are wrong to associate with the name of Stalin, attributing to him the qualities of a “brilliant leader of the peoples”, “a great commander.” In my opinion, Stalin was neither a brilliant leader nor a great commander already because he made tragic mistakes in his consequences. " Alexander Mikhailovich Samsonov "KNOW AND REMEMBER The dialogue of the historian with the reader." This is the beginning. Gradually, not yet openly, the system of reformatting the self-consciousness of the Soviet people was laid. It is such historians who laid the foundation for what we have now. As the saying goes, "half-lies are worse than outright lies." Outwardly, everything is magnificent, V.I. Lenin, unquestioned authority, I.V. Stalin was only mistaken. Small haircuts, distortions, weaving a new reality. On the basis of interspersed lies, a new lie was built, even greater. And, what if the consciousness has accepted the previous message, now it is ready for a new one. I don’t know how much, "I was infected with the then-free-thinking" fashionable, but the fact that with the help of such tricky manipulations, the infection spread to most of society, that's for sure. It’s hard to say whether the author himself thought up, but based on the concepts of information wars, it’s doubtful .
          1. zenion
            zenion 24 March 2017 17: 27
            +6
            Roosevelt won the war and Churchill won the war, and Stalin did not participate in this matter. "Silly" fighters shouted - For the Motherland, for Stalin! And they should have shouted for Samsonov, or in extreme cases, for Zhukov. But for everyone, from fighters at the front to the very end of the rear, Stalin had authority and a model. After his death, the scoundrels knew that they would never reach the authority of Stalin, which means they must be oppressed. But ordinary people and those who went through the war did not believe them one iota. Only who now have followers of mind and spirit stinking. As soon as Khrushch went underground, photos of Generalissimo Comrade Stalin appeared in the front-window drivers cabs on the front window. After all, they did not know that he spread rot and sat somewhere beyond the Urals, and his double, or tee, was dealing with the military at the General Staff. The trouble is, when the madman begins to write music, these haters are not for a fee, but for a lie.
            1. avva2012
              avva2012 24 March 2017 17: 48
              +1
              The trouble is, when the madman begins to write music, these haters are not for a fee, but for a lie.

              Write everything correctly and even beautifully about Stalin.
              Only money plays a role not the last. After all, even Judas, although apparently having ideological differences, still did not give up 30 pieces of silver. When you think that there’s already no place for the drywall, it turns out that this was only the first layer. Taking this apostle as an example, they usually do not follow his path to the end.
            2. Cat man null
              Cat man null 24 March 2017 21: 39
              0
              Quote: zenion
              the soldiers shouted - For the Motherland, for Stalin!

              - in the movie they shouted like that stop
  6. nivander
    nivander 24 March 2017 14: 28
    +3
    "... The only brave officer to whom I would immediately present the Knight's Cross commands the enemy 64 army" - Field Marshal M. background Weichs
  7. Batonkt
    Batonkt 24 March 2017 14: 35
    +1
    http://waralbum.ru/bb/viewtopic.php?id=554&p=
    34
    I recommend for those interested a very good site for fighting in Stalingrad itself, a chronology and linking photos to the area. Good aerial photographs, reports of hostilities, reports both on that and on the other hand are given. It is felt that the guys put their soul into this matter. In particular, this site helped me a lot with the fighting of my grandfather in Stalingrad, and a common understanding came about where and how and when everything happened. For example, about Pavlov’s house, the grandfather replied that he hadn’t heard about him, and when I said that he was almost directly in front of his position, I replied that I heard that they sometimes shot there))) It turned out that the house just lit up much later as a symbol, and was an ordinary defense point, and not the most important one. In general, it struck me that for my grandfather, a 19-year-old boy from the village, it turned out to be a great miracle to live a month in this meat grinder, where the average life expectancy of a soldier (on both sides) was ONE DAY.
    1. Bigriver
      Bigriver 24 March 2017 14: 53
      +1
      Quote: BatonKT
      ... in this meat grinder, where the average life expectancy of a soldier (both on that and on the other hand) was ONE DAY.

      It is not true.
      Someone deceived you very much.
      1. Batonkt
        Batonkt 24 March 2017 15: 30
        0
        I would agree with you if you yourself believed. History, as you know, is not an exact science.
        1. Bigriver
          Bigriver 24 March 2017 15: 48
          +3
          Quote: BatonKT
          I would agree with you if you yourself believed.

          You want to say that knowledge about the war is available only to those who fought himself?
          Or, for example, if someone personally did not see Peter the Great, then did he not exist? belay
          Quote: BatonKT
          History, as you know, is not an exact science.

          Not accurate, but if you deal with it, it gives an idea of ​​the process and its laws, gives the necessary facts.
          True, you still need to know the materiel.
          I will give you a simple example about Stalingrad.
          In September, the 42nd, the fate of the city hung in the balance. The Germans were already at the coastal strip.
          For several mid-September nights, Rodimtsev’s 13th Infantry Division was transferred to the city. At that time, the division was in very good condition, 3 joint ventures, with a total number of about 12000 people.
          Her tasks were offensive - to push the enemy away from the Volga and take the central part of the city. Of course, this task was carried out in the vicinity of other, but weaker compounds.
          Now attention! The division loses about 50% of combat readiness in a week of fighting, and a battalion of active "bayonets" remains in the regiments. That is, 1 battalion from the original 3.
          How can you explain this "paradox"?
          After all, according to your logic, the combat efficiency of the division was supposed to burn out in zero days in two?
        2. avva2012
          avva2012 24 March 2017 15: 55
          +1
          History, as you know, is not an exact science.

          History, yes. But the financial department, accurate. The soldier was dressed in uniforms, rations, personal weapons, tobacco, and even paid money, as it turns out. Someone in fact considered all this so as not to squander popular good. Debit credit. Profit, decrease. Accounting, so that it was empty. Some documents were not preserved, and some are still stored. You can check. Yes, and knowledgeable people are aware of how many soldiers actually lived.
  8. zenion
    zenion 24 March 2017 17: 16
    +3
    Abroad there are the cities of Stalingrad, the streets of Stalingrad, the square of Stalingrad, and in Russia there is no Stalingrad. So he still won.
  9. midshipman
    midshipman 24 March 2017 17: 45
    +2
    Alexander, thanks, Great article.
    In 1965 he went to tests in Akhtubinsk (military unit 15650). A month later he returned to Leningrad (NII-33). Let's go with M.E. Chuprov to the mound. There, on the walls of the created monument, the names of the Red Army commanders who showed heroism during the defeat of the Nazis near Stalingrad were minted. Misha found the name of his uncle.
    And my father, a major, died on the Leningrad Front on December 27, 1941. Soon I will go to his grave at the Theological Cemetery. I have the honor.
  10. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 24 March 2017 21: 36
    0
    My young friend, what is Batwa about?
    Camel on the background of the tank ... Rummage. There will be a donkey on the background of the plane. Yes +++++ Effectively.
    How it sang "just do not touch my wounds .."
    I look at foty and conclusions. The sapper blade in oats turned out to be a more weighty argument than MG in corn, or was I wrong?
  11. Bakht
    Bakht 24 March 2017 22: 30
    +1
    Of course, the article is informative. But there are many more recent studies. More informative. But even an old article is helpful. At least for general nonsense. In general, war is a rather scanty affair. I was unpleasantly surprised when I found out that the hero of Stalingrad, General Rodimtsev, received no reward for this battle. Of course, people did not fight for the order. But not to award Rodimtsev - this is already beyond.
    "And without a casing From the Stalingrad apartments Bill" Maxim ",
    And Rodimtsev felt the ice. "
    But he did not please the authorities and was left without a reward.
    ----------------
    "Tell me why the war veterans are silent,
    When a military feat is extolled,
    Or mumble something
    When do others ask for it?
    I know that war is not a carnival,
    And hunger, cold, grievous torment
    The essence is banal. The dead are silent
    The living rogue praises the feat
    The survivors grumble,
    Nobody asks for them to remember for a long time.
    Not feeling guilty for the past,
    The chiefs of military science are weaving,
    And writers lie the romance of war
    Another stupefying boredom.
    That's why..."
    -------------
    I really like Utkin’s book, World War II. In no case can you study history on it. A lot of errors and inaccuracies. But on the emotional mood, on the mood - I recommend it to everyone.
    Two circumstances saved our country. First - the military industry gave a sword. The second and most important thing - at the time of the choice between life and the salvation of the Motherland, our soldier, and not only wearing the overcoat - everyone became soldiers, - sacrificed his life without fear.
    1. avva2012
      avva2012 25 March 2017 03: 34
      0
      A. Zinoviev wrote these verses. "In the last years of his life in the USSR and in exile, he was considered a famous Soviet dissident." He wrote the book "Homo Soveticus", another bowel movement on the USSR. The fact that he fought does not make his opinion decisive for anything. Different people fought. After all, he was a critic of global capitalism for a long time, and then he was reforged, which makes us raise the question of the integrity of nature. Usually, in adulthood, beliefs do not change, unless they were of course. Anti-adviser. And, still, "the military industry gave a sword," and where did the industry itself come from? Collectivization and industrialization by decision of the CPSU (b), no?
      1. Bakht
        Bakht 25 March 2017 10: 18
        0
        Zinoviev is a quantity in any dimension. Poems of him. And he was not so much a critic of capitalism or socialism, but a critic of the perversions of socialism. How they expelled him from the USSR, they didn’t let him into the Russian Federation in the same way. He is terrible of any anti-people power.
        And about industry - this is from Utkin. Also controversial books. But I said that I recommend it because of the emotional content.
        1. avva2012
          avva2012 25 March 2017 13: 48
          0
          Zinoviev, yes the size. It is unfortunate that the magnitude did not understand that sometimes it is better to be silent than to speak. Maybe he got into people, like the same Lomonosov in the Republic of Ingushetia, or maybe not. Soviet power gave exceptional social elevators. Why is he so ungrateful to her? Perversions, not perversions, this is a problem not of a system, but of human nature. It’s a pity, the magnitude didn’t accept that if you didn’t say it, but capitalism is more inclined to pull out not the best in man. Utkina, I didn’t read it, but I will try time.
          1. Bakht
            Bakht 25 March 2017 17: 54
            +3
            You underestimate A. Zinoviev. He has a difficult fate, but he said and wrote the right things.
            Let's talk about collective farms. He believed that it was the collective farms that enabled people to live more freely. In his autobiography, he wrote about this. So he always spoke with gratitude about the social elevators of socialism.
            He was an anti-Stalinist in his youth. And confident in their innocence. As he said in an interview, having grown up and smarter, he realized that he was mistaken. And he was a convinced (it was convinced, and not fashionable) Stalinist.
            As for human nature, he always wrote about this.
            He NEVER spoke badly of the Soviet system. Yes, he wrote Yawning Heights. But it was precisely in this book of his that he wrote about the perversions of socialism. For which he was deprived of Soviet citizenship. And you at that time did not tell jokes about Brezhnev?
            But immediately Gorbachev and Yeltsin took hostility. In the 80s he wrote the book "Disaster". In the zero "Russian tragedy."
            In exile, having no livelihood, flatly refused to cooperate with Radio Liberty. Emigration did not accept him. Yes, he did not aspire to their society and called the Russian emigrants working in Liberty "scum."
            So, for me, A. Zinoviev is a model of man. Who went through the war and managed to defend his homeland even in old age. Until the end of his days, he defended precisely human and moral principles. And did not change his homeland. In any case, I perceive it that way.
            1. Bakht
              Bakht 25 March 2017 18: 18
              +3
              Addition. A. Zinoviev does not need defenders. Especially like me. I am much lower in level.
              The great era is a thing of the past, condemned, but not understood, I kept repeating to myself, as if in delirium. And delirious too. I have lived the best part of my life in this era. In it there is a share of my participation. My soul is invested in it. I do not want to justify it - there are no criminal eras. There are tragic eras in which many crimes are committed. But tragedy is not a crime. I do not want to make excuses myself - my conscience is clear. I am the son of my time. Faithful son. I worked before the corns, knowing in advance that I would not get anything for my work. I was starving. I'm freezing. Lice ate me. I constantly expected an arrest. I volunteered for intelligence. I volunteered to cover up the retreating comrades. I was attacking in front of the company. I worked where they sent me. I did what I was forced to do. I was circumvented by awards and ranks. I have never lived in a nice apartment, haven’t worn beautiful things, haven’t eaten food, or haven’t drunk the wines that I read about in books. My experience with women is worthy of ridicule. No one deceived or intimidated me, I did everything myself, voluntarily. I never believed in Marxist tales of an earthly paradise. He knew what was happening in our reality. Nevertheless, I am glad that I lived in that era and lived the way I lived. If I were offered to repeat life, I would choose the life I had lived in that era from all possible.
              The great era is a thing of the past, condemned, but not understood. I also once wanted to take part in exposing and condemning it. I had something to say. I had a moral right to condemnation. But time passed, and I realized that this era deserves understanding. And protection. Not justification, I repeat, but protection. Protection from superficiality and petty convictions. In a situation where everyone is speculating on exposing the era and its product (i.e., the society that developed in this era), the most powerful and fair court is protection. And I will protect you, who gave birth to me and the era born by me!
              1. Bakht
                Bakht 25 March 2017 18: 23
                +1
                Why didn’t you run away with those?
                Why? I shrugged.
                I fought for this land.
                For her, I was numb in the cold.
                For her, I scolded without a piece.
                With giblets, I, as they say, grew into it.
                I’m crushing a tear from myself
                Touched by memories.
                I already love you one
                My narrowed gray earth.
                I can’t afford to part with it.
                Easier without a wife and without children.
                It’s easier to bury alive here.
                Let her have a handful of dung.
                1. avva2012
                  avva2012 27 March 2017 09: 12
                  0
                  So, for me, A. Zinoviev is a model of man. Who went through the war and managed to defend his homeland even in old age.

                  “A homosos is a homo sovieticus, or a Soviet person as a type of living creature, and not as a citizen of the USSR. Not every citizen of the USSR is a homosos. Not every homosos is a citizen of the USSR. Situations in which people behave like homosos can be found in various eras and in various countries, but a person who has a more or less complete set of homosos qualities manifests them systematically, passes them from generation to generation and is a mass and typical phenomenon in this society, is a product of history. generated by the conditions of existence of a communist (socialist) society, which is the bearer of the principles of life of this society, preserving its intra-collective relations by its own way of life. For the first time in history, a person turned into a homosos in Moscow and in the sphere of its influence in the Soviet Union (in Muscovy) .... Take, for example, modern homosos living in Muscovy. We have raised food prices. Will such a homosos arrange demonstrations? Of course not. Homosos is accustomed to living in relatively poor conditions, ready to meet difficulties, constantly expecting the worst, obeying the orders of the authorities. What will a homosos do if it is necessary to openly (i.e. in his team, at a meeting) express his attitude to dissidents? Of course, he will approve the actions of the authorities and condemn the actions of dissidents. Homosos seeks to prevent those who violate the usual forms of behavior, play a foolish attitude towards the authorities, and agree with the majority of fellow citizens approved by the authorities. How does homosos react to the militarization of the country and to the growth of Soviet activity in the world, including interventionist trends? He fully supports his leadership, for he has a standard ideologized consciousness, a sense of responsibility for the country as a whole, a willingness to sacrifice and a willingness to condemn others to sacrifice. Of course, the homosos is also capable of dissatisfaction with its position, even criticizing the country's order and authorities. But in appropriate forms, in its place and in its measure, not threatening in a tangible way the interests of the public organism. And for this problem, one can indicate the characteristic situations and the characteristic actions of homosos. From a series of such characteristic questions and answers to them you will receive a description of a person adequate to a socialist (communist) society and convenient from the point of view of its integrity and interests as a whole. "
                  Yes, he was a good man with a brilliant mind and a difficult fate. But he was on the same side with those whom he despised, “and called the Russian emigrants working in Liberty“ scum. ”Separating himself and them, he, along with them, participated in reformatting the consciousness of those who lived in the Soviet Union. And, if While reading, listening to the “scum” (Voinovich, for example), a healthy person often did not feel anything but disgust, then A. Zinoviev’s books could arouse interest, and therefore start the process of rethinking, and as a result, A. Zinoviev achieved much greater results than all the anti-advisers put together. I'm not I condemn A. Zinoviev (who I am compared to a talented person), I simply state the fact that you can destroy a country even so, quite honestly believing that you are doing exactly the opposite. The death of a great country began from the time when ideas of justice expressed in communist ideals, for the majority of residents, turned into an empty phrase, here’s the share of responsibility for this is different for everyone: one for the one who told the joke about Brezhnev and a completely different one for the person who can influence the worldview of many.
                  1. Bakht
                    Bakht 27 March 2017 12: 01
                    +2
                    Tell me, which of the Soviet people (homosos) opposed the destruction of the country? Some people, like Varennikov, only confirm the rule. Even the hero Yazov repented and received forgiveness. How many people cursed Gorbachev? Overwhelming majority. How many opposed? Units. At one time there was an All-Union meeting of officers. Well, I thought, now Brokeback will fly. Sorry sight. Voted as ordered.
                    I can write more. The "Yawning Heights" describes the city of Ibansk. And its main leader is Zaiban. So what? What was wrong?
                    Rereading your link, I am once again convinced that A. Zinoviev described sociology. He always considered society from the point of view of sociology. In sociological terms, the homosos is described quite correctly. We all supported the party line, even if we did not like it. We all told jokes in the kitchen and obediently raised our hands in meetings. It is a pity that Zinoviev could not affect the worldview of many. Maybe it would save the country.
                    After all, the real result is a destroyed country. And it is not Zinoviev who is to blame for this, but those who did not listen to his warnings.
                    Ask yourself a question. What destroyed the country? The books of Zinoviev, which were read by units or obedient homosexuals, which went, where did the party lead them?
                    1. avva2012
                      avva2012 27 March 2017 15: 02
                      +1
                      Where did the party lead them. You know, most people, regardless of where they live, are homosexuals. A simple person has a lot of problems, concerns, he does not care about ideology, politics. Accusing people of passivity is not right. The proportion of man is heavy. In the Garden of Gethsemane, even he, becoming a man, grumbled, "carry this share ...". Talent is not given to many. Accordingly, the demand is special. On that spent like. The question of what destroyed the country is not immediately answered. Many things. But what was not found, at one time Danko, is for sure.
                      1. Bakht
                        Bakht 27 March 2017 15: 39
                        +2
                        Each has its own truth and its own path. And your vision. But a person capable of action is a rarity. The mass is inert, there are no prophets, or there are few of them. And no one listens to the prophets.
                        Thanks for the discussion. From the heart - it was nice to talk.
  12. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 25 March 2017 00: 26
    +1
    A little ahead of the events of this narrative, but at the critical moment of defense, the 62nd Army formed two battle groups from the staff of the army headquarters and reinforced them with the last reserve of nine tanks and threw it to clear the bridgehead for the 13th division that was suitable on the other side of the Volga.
    And when this fresh division entered the battle, these tanks participated in the very first attack of the division on Stalingrad land. The headquarters of the Krylov army reflected this moment later in his memoirs:
    To support the battalions moving forward, all the tanks that had been attached to the battle assault groups in the evening were switched. The detachment that landed from the very first boats paved the way for three thirty-four groups of Lieutenant Colonel Vainruba. The soldiers rushing after the cars did not realize, of course, that the head was led by the deputy chief of the armored forces of the 62nd Army.
    1. Bakht
      Bakht 25 March 2017 10: 31
      +1
      And the 10th division of the NKVD Colonel Saraev. Two sources describe it this way.
      One of his problems (Chuikov) was the independence of the 10th Infantry Division of the NKVD acting independently in extreme conditions. Chuikov, who already had nothing to lose, decided on an extreme measure. He called on the commander of this division, Colonel A.A.Sarayev, and threatened to report his disobedience to the front headquarters. After a pause, Saraev replied: "I am at your disposal." His fighters were sent to Mamaev Kurgan and to the main route leading the Germans to the Volga and to the city center. An important time was won, which allowed us to expect the arrival of the Rodimtsev division. At the same time, the battalion of NKVD fighters again recaptured the Central Railway Station from the Germans.
  13. avva2012
    avva2012 27 March 2017 16: 14
    0
    Bakht,
    Yes, listening to a smart and discreet person is always nice, and most importantly useful. All the best hi
  14. Rusfaner
    Rusfaner April 11 2017 13: 04
    +2
    In his youth, he had the opportunity to carry an old freight forwarder who wore order straps on his jacket. He also tinted his lips and, in general, was distinguished by a very extravagant behavior, more precisely, he looked very much like a madman. When, once again, he got me and I made a remark to him, they say a veteran, a respected man, but you behave like a clown! To which he suddenly answered quite calmly: “Yes, I'm a little crazy. I have this from Stalingrad. I served there as a sailor-diver in the Volga flotilla. We lived from flight to flight to the other side. And I went crazy when in the spring of 43 we, the divers, began to raise weapons, ammunition and our drowned soldiers from the bottom of the Volga. We were diving, and there they were hundreds, in overcoats, with duffel bags behind their backs and with faces gnawed by fish. There I started, but I drove to Budapest Then they wrote off to the shore. "
    It became terribly embarrassing that he shouted at the old man.