Military Review

The Inevitability of Rouhani

26
The main problem of the Middle East policy is the confrontation of Iran and Saudi Arabia. The Islamic Republic of Iran is the center of the Shiite world. Neo-imperial expansion as the basis of Iran’s foreign policy, which replaced the export of the Islamic revolution, is the main threat to the plans of Riyadh and its competitors to dominate the Sunni world.


At the same time, each country has its own project in which it occupies a leading position, using military, economic or financial strength. Reliance on the army, who has it (Egypt or Turkey), or Islamist formations of those who do not have a sufficiently powerful army (like Qatar or Saudi Arabia), or hired private militarized structures (UAE) turns the region into an arena of struggle for transportation, energy, water and strategic areas. And the end of the confrontation is not visible.

At the same time, alliances of the most unexpected participants in the Middle East arise and break up continuously (as a union of conservative Arab monarchies and Israel formed on an anti-Iranian basis). The influence exerted on the region by external forces (the US and NATO) is often exaggerated or, on the contrary, underestimated (Russia after the start of the actions of the Russian Aerospace Force in Syria). Local players, experimenting with modern military technologies and allied irregular organizations, are able to influence the situation in the region on a much larger scale than during the period of the classic use of military force (which fully applies to Iran). Important and internal differences in their power and power structures, little-known outside of these countries. Let us consider some aspects of internal policy and foreign military activity of Iran, analyzed on the basis of materials by the expert IBI, Yu. B. Shcheglovina.

"Liberals" against "conservatives"

According to analysts close to the Pentagon and the US State Department, given the level of support for Iranian President Hassan Rouhani by "moderate conservatives" and "liberals" in the Iranian political elite, he confidently wins the presidential election in May. Americans rely on leaks from the meeting of the Council of Experts, held in Tehran from 7 to March 9. In addition to the council members, key figures were present representing all areas of the country's political elite, including “conservatives”. Two months before the elections, the Council of Experts is ready to name candidates who could take part in them. It is clear that the "conservatives" will not be able to unite around a figure that would compete Rouhani.

The struggle between "conservatives" and "liberals" in Iran is for the preservation by this or that group and the business connected with it of the dominant positions in the country's economy, with a general course towards modernization. The IRGC and business circles that are guided by it are not against establishing long-term business contacts with Western countries. The essence of their struggle against Rouhani and his supporters is to prevent them from occupying key places in the new economic reality. Under the conditions of the IRGC sanctions, he was most adapted to running a shadow business to circumvent the embargo through his companies. The opening of the market severely limits the “guards” in the choice of means. Hence the attempt to find a presidential candidate who would have a chance to win against Rouhani. The task is to consolidate around a single bidder, since the experience of dispersing the votes of the conservative flank between four persons led to the victory of Rouhani’s supporters. Apparently, he is confident in his chances of being re-elected even with rivals from among the “conservatives”. Most likely, he has the support of Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

At the meeting of the Council of Experts, in addition to the presidential election, the question of Khamenei’s successor was also discussed, which is more important for shaping the foreign policy of Iran. In favor of re-election Rouhani speaks and the positive economic dynamics of Iran. The president was able to lead the country through a complex maze of external problems, economic reforms and the beginning of an active political and diplomatic dialogue with the West. The Iranian nuclear program (INP) was supported with reservations by all layers of the Iranian elites, including rahbar Khamenei.

The main achievements of Iran in the economy are oil production growth from 2,8 million to 3,8 million barrels per day, falling inflation from 45 to 8,7 percent and lifting Western sanctions in January 2016. The unemployment rate among Iranian youth remains high - 30 percent. 20 percent of university graduates can not find work. But the solution of these problems is associated with the president’s policy of breaking through external isolation and embedding the country's economy in the global financial market. At the same time, the majority of the population and the business elite do not believe that the West will cooperate with the “conservatives” as well as with the “liberals” - and rightly so.

The Inevitability of RouhaniFor all that, the “conservatives” do not lose hope for the nomination of a single candidate. February 23 held a conference of the Popular Front of the Islamic Revolutionary Forces, which became the primaries of conservative forces. 23 candidates have been nominated, which indicates a variety of trends, but only four can compete for the title of favorite. These are Kalibaf, Mohsen Rezai, Saeed Jalili and Hamid Bagai. At the same time, they are all inferior in popularity to Ibrahim Raisi, who since March 2016 has been the main custodian (main manager) of Astan Quds Rizawi Foundation, which is responsible for managing key sites for worship and the largest mosques throughout Iran. Raisa is taken out of the formal brackets of conservative presidential candidates precisely because many are inclined to consider him a real candidate for the post of Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Among the remaining candidates, we note the current head of the judiciary, S. Larijani, his predecessor M. Kh. Shahrudi and H. Rouhani himself. However, the latter sees himself now primarily as president. They put serious forces in business on him. And Larijani and Shahrudi were mired in mutual quarrels and accusations, which seriously weakened their chances.

Raisi remained above the fight inside the conservative wing, which makes him an ideal candidate for the presidency from this political segment. But once he agrees, he will be drawn into the inner-party struggle, and if he loses the election, he may lose credibility and lose his chance of becoming a real successor to Ayatollah Khamenei. The latter may ask Raisi to head the list of “conservatives” in the presidential election, but by doing so will, in any case, remove him from the list of candidates for his successor.

If Raisi refuses to participate in the presidential elections, the "conservatives" have only one candidate who will fight on equal terms with Rouhani. This is Larijani’s parliamentary speaker, close to Ayatollah Khamenei, and although he does not enjoy the support of extreme “conservatives,” he can rally the “moderate” and “traditionalists.” But he is not interested in the position of president. Some experts argue that the speaker will support the candidacy of the current head of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the request of Ayatollah Khamenei. The same experts say: the management of the IRGC will not break spears in order to prevent Rouhani from reelection. They are satisfied that relations between the US and Iran in the short term will not improve to the level at which the IRGC begins to lose ground. It seems that the IRGC (or part of the leadership of the organization) agreed with the president’s circle on the separation of powers and the economic pie. This makes Rouhani's re-election inevitable.

Struggle of economic power subjects

According to experts, the relationship between the Iranian Ministry of Security (Vaja) and the intelligence service of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps is experiencing a deep crisis. The head of Vaja, M. Alavi, publicly voiced the desire of his department to receive most of the funding through budget items allocated to national security. The management of the IRGC also claims to increase the share of its funding. The motivations of the parties are as follows. Vaja is responsible for maintaining internal security, with the function of countering separatist groups in Balochistan on the border with Pakistan and Khuzestan. In the first, the Baluchis are anxious to the authorities, in the second - the ethnic Arabs-Ahwaz. Both those and others, according to Vaja, are supported and sponsored by Saudi Arabia’s General Intelligence Directorate. The IRGC focuses in its demands on a key role in conducting missions abroad, primarily in Syria and Iraq. He spends a lot on equipment and training of Shiite militias in the countries he oversees.

The IRGC has been charged with contacts that require money, with the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan J. Talabani and the Workers Party of Kurdistan, with the Taliban from the pro-Pakistani factions in Afghanistan, not to mention the financing of the Lebanese Hezbollah. The scale of Vaja’s activities is at first modest. Work with the Baluchs and Ahvazs are two major major projects of the Ministry. At the same time, the Baluch’s combat activity has recently been reduced thanks to coordinated joint actions with Pakistani colleagues. In Khuzestan, the latest serious attack took place this January. At the same time, Vaja analysts predict a worsening of the situation in this oil province of Iran due to the fact that the leaders of the main terrorist group “Arab Movement for the Liberation of Khuzestan” (HNA) met in Tunis in December 2016 and received assurances from them increase funding. HNA militants were tasked with preparing an attack on the oil infrastructure of the Yadavaran field under the joint management of the Iranian National Iranian Oil Co (NIOC) and the Chinese Sinopec.

Vaja predicts not only the creation of increased risks for oil production through Ahvaz militants, but also a worsening of the investment climate in the country. Alawi took the initiative to review the system of internal security in this province, which will be done with the involvement of a large number of agency employees, and hence the finance. He proposes to modernize Vaja for timely adequate response in case of attacks on foreign investors and the scope of their capital throughout the country. At the same time, he recommended the government to pay attention to the activities of firms and funds affiliated with the IRGC, which should ideally finance its operations. It is unnecessary to speak about the corresponding reaction of the IRGC management.

According to experts, the struggle between competing security agencies has a different nature than the desire to redistribute the budget in their favor. The main motive of the initiative of Alawi, who would never have decided alone to challenge the IRGC, is the desire of people from the circle of President Rouhani to cut funding for the main opponent - the IRGC, to weaken his position in the election race. The chief architect of the current clash was the former head of Vaja, now a member of the Supreme National Security Council and advisor to President Rouhani Ali Yunusi. Alawi - his creature and all his initiatives are previously coordinated by Yunusi.

Last March, at the height of the IRGC campaign to overthrow the current Iranian president, Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei asked him to intervene and become Rouhani’s advisor to save him. This request illustrates how close Yunusi is to Ayatollah Khamenei. Yunusi then stabilized the situation, and now, apparently, he decided to go on the offensive. It is directly related to the formulation of the main threats to national security and to the recommendations regarding budget financing in this area. Cuts in appropriations will weaken the positions of the IRGC and strengthen Vaja’s capabilities primarily within Iran, which is a priority for the opposing sides on the eve of a decisive vote. The dispute between the two main competitors in the field of security will allow Yunusi to redistribute part of the financial resources and, possibly, authority in favor of his “native” Vaja.

Intrigues around the drone

The top commanders of the US power unit issued a joint memorandum for the White House on the growing potential threats of using "home drone" to attack US civilian and military targets. As expected, the report was born thanks to the National Defense Industrial Association. It noted an increase in the use of drones by militants of the “Islamic State” (banned in Russia) and other jihadist groups due to the cheapening of “homemade” UAVs, as well as the absence of restrictions on their acquisition and use. The number of specialists in the ranks of jihadists has grown, which makes it necessary to talk about the need to develop new measures against these threats. Conclusions: it is necessary to confront the Congress with the task of finding funding for the US military-industrial complex as part of the development of new means to counter a potential threat: detectors, jammers and missiles.

It is noted that “according to reliable data”, the attack of the Khousit speedboats in January (they were “appointed” responsible for it) to the Saudi frigate in the Red Sea was not carried out by suicide bombers, as stated earlier, but by radio-controlled sea drones camouflaged as a boat or jet ski. The explosion killed five sailors, 10 injured, and the frigate crashed and was towed to the nearest base. The Saudis themselves did not speak about the victims, saying that the ship suffered minor damage. It is known that during the attack, conversations in Farsi in the immediate vicinity of the attack site were intercepted. This allows us to conclude that the watercraft may have been driven through a mobile phone.

In this case, the Iranian trail is indicated by the fact that the IRGC actively uses the Yemeni territory to work out new means of warfare at sea. This is indicated by launches of Chinese-made missiles manufactured by the Iranians on a freighter UAE and a destroyer of the US Navy in 2016. Now the sea drones are being driven around, which should replace the use of the IRGC of speedboats and shelling from them from RPG tankers. Tests can be considered successful, although it is necessary to make a discount on the level of combat training of Saudi sailors. Here we are witnessing the modernization of combat drones, which cannot be bought on the free market. Iran has been engaged in this development for a long time. The Americans believe that the technology of the American Predator, which fell in Iran in 2011, became the basis for creating the Iranian military UAV. In fact, the program of combat UAVs is carried out with the help of China. Products run in Yemen and Lebanon in the interests of both countries.

The second case of using drones, which the Americans wrote about in the report, consider using 2 of October 2016 of the year as an IG supporter in Iraq of a drone, in an explosion in the vicinity of Mosul, who killed two Kurdish pesmerga fighters and wounded several French special forces. According to experts, UAVs are actively used by Jabhat an-Nusroy (banned in Russia) and the IG to adjust fire and reconnaissance, but their mass use in terrorist attacks is not observed. It is impossible to make a resonant terrorist attack on amateur drones - from a military point of view it is ineffective. As the recent battles in Mosul and its environs have shown, Islamist drones are easily jammed with simple EW tools. As a consequence, the main objective of the report to the American leadership is lobbying. Real threats to the military potential of the United States and its allies, which are the combat drones of Iran, remain in full.

The indispensable Hezbollah

Note that not only Americans operate with questionable data. According to French sources, the differences between Moscow and Tehran over the participation of the Lebanese Hezbollah in the battles in Syria have intensified. Allegedly, Moscow insists that the Lebanese should reduce the number, and the Iranians - on the contrary. The disagreements allegedly reached such an extent that the head of the Iranian IRGC Al-Quds unit, General Kasem Suleymani, twice in February visited the headquarters of Hezbollah in Beirut. Sheikh Nasrallah appointed Khalil Harb, the former operational commander of the organization’s forces on the southern front, as curator of Hezbollah’s operations in Syria. One of the main tasks that Nasrallah set for him was the withdrawal of Lebanese troops from the Golan Heights and from the Syrian-Israeli border. The French say that the Alawite militia forces are pushing out the Lebanese Hezbollah units from Syria. Those moved to Homs, the village of Barada in the suburbs of Damascus and the Lebanese-Syrian border.

The French in this case, all mixed up. There is no contradiction between Moscow and Tehran to activate Hezbollah in Syria, there is no one to replace it. The creation of the Alawite militia in Syria with the help of the Islamic Republic of Iran creates support for Damascus. Lebanese cannot fight in Syria forever, keeping Hezbollah there is costly for Tehran. As for the concentration of Hezbollah units in the above-mentioned areas of Syria, we must bear in mind that, in addition to Aleppo and Idlib, it is Homs and the suburbs of Damascus that are now the zone of activization of Assad’s opponents. Hezbollah is experiencing a shortage of funds, which Suleymani discussed during his visits to Beirut. The appointment of a liaison officer with Suleymani is noteworthy. They became the youngest son of Hezbollah’s former head of external security, Imad Mughnie, adviser to its leader, Mustafa. His father before his death in Damascus in 2008 had close ties with the Iranians and was, like his eldest son Jihad (died as a result of an Israeli air strike in 2009), the closest contact was Suleymani. The continuity of generations and the commitment of the Lebanese Shiites to an alliance with Iran, are thus fully observed.
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26 comments
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  1. Rabinowicz
    Rabinowicz 26 March 2017 14: 21 New
    +3
    Let the Arabs fight among themselves, certainly there is no need to interfere.
    1. sergey1971
      sergey1971 26 March 2017 19: 01 New
      +4
      this is not an Arabs war between Arabs. you are deeply mistaken this is a thousand-year conflict of Shiite cryptopers with the Arab powers of the Sunni persuasion, as is now happening in Syria, the axis is not Arabs. with the exception of the Lebanese hezbollah, which is the only Arab there. other groups are Afghan groups Iranian IRGC against the axis of the Sunites of the Arabs, Iran doesn’t care who will be in Syria with the dictatorship of the ayatol themselves, it’s important for them to be Shiites and to be the hegemon in the Middle East now, and therefore the leaders of the Islamic world generally maintain a hotbed of tension at this they are absolutely not interested in the fate of Shiite compatriots in northern Azerbaijan in which they openly support non-Shiite Armenia and the occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh and 7 Azerbaijani regions they absolutely do not care though Azerbaijanis in Iran have 38 million honors as Iranians themselves, but for some reason they care about the occupation in Yemen in Syria in Israel in Bahrain, all countries that compete with Iran for hegemony and the regional lmder in the Middle East
      1. mgero
        mgero 27 March 2017 09: 44 New
        +2
        Sergey1971 do you write that? Shiite Armenia? There is no Azerbaijani Natz, they are the Caspian Turks, you have a history of 2, and the Amyan Christians of the Apostolic branch.
        1. cost
          cost 28 March 2017 01: 47 New
          +3
          Although the Azerbaijani nation was formed by historical standards rather late at the end of the XNUMXth century, it still exists. To deny its existence is to deny the existence of Australia
      2. newcomer
        newcomer April 1 2017 18: 23 New
        +3
        yeah, now it turns out, with a light hand, sergey 1971, armenia became “not shiite armenia”, and moreover, it “took over” karabakh. Praise and honor to you, continue in the same vein.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. sergey1971
      sergey1971 26 March 2017 19: 14 New
      +3
      In Iran, the last decade, serious changes have been taking place to replace the religious clerics Ayatollahs which are already old and more reminiscent of a feather-ber of the stagnation period; young secular people oriented to Western civilized modern people come to take these power in Iran in the next ten years and then Iran will turn into the one into whom it when the shah was an open empire, civilized, friendly to all neighbors and the whole world, after all, at the moment Iran does not have a single neighbor friendly to it, and Israel will be one of the first people with whom the new Iran will have excellent relations, for example, neighboring northern Azerbaijan, since there are no religious territorial There are no problems between us for three and a thousand years of living together. The problem of the ayatollah is not among ordinary Iranians.
      1. Rabinowicz
        Rabinowicz 26 March 2017 19: 46 New
        +1
        Thanks for the detailed explanation.
        But when Iran changes there, it seems to me 10 years is not enough. There is already so much Stalin out there, and how many of his fans are still there.
    4. KaPToC
      KaPToC 26 March 2017 19: 44 New
      +2
      Quote: Rabinovich
      Let the Arabs fight among themselves, certainly there is no need to interfere.

      Let the Semites fight, who is stopping them?
    5. sergey1971
      sergey1971 27 March 2017 00: 54 New
      +1
      you mister Iranian quilted jacket again cast a shadow over the wattle fence and wishful thinking acting on the Goebels principle, the more monstrous a lie the more willingly believe it, that is, terrorist attacks all over the world occur because of the occupation of Israel Palestine? here in Nice and in Berlin and in Madrid and the day before yesterday in the London Parliament and every day from Burma to Kenya? do they even know that there are Jews or Palestinians? and was it really a terrorist who crushed people in Nice or Berlin, or when the twin towers were ramming, or when explosions were made in Buinaksk, Volgadons, or did they say something about Palestine in Chechnya yesterday? what exactly could they be shouting shabbat shalom? No, they really shouted and you know very well what phrase they shouted and you, as an Iranian, know perfectly well the name of the Hezbollah party and the slogans of all your liberators and fighters. that’s what they shouted, that’s why they are fighting for it, and I told you to occupy yourself with the occupation of not far Israel, we Semites Arabs and Jews will figure it out without you nor they we will not ask you flattery you have a border there your brothers in Nagorno-Karabakh your people help your Shiite faith and don’t get into our affairs, you killed the Semitic Arabs in the wars with the Arabs a thousand times more than in 70 years in the fratricidal Semitic Arab-Israeli war, because you are fighting against the Arabs from Yemen to Syria, and this is already a thousand years from the time of the Mongol Tatars, remember who opened the gates to the Mongols in Baghdad, which even then led to the deaths of two millions of inhabitants and even after that you continuously fight with the Arabs of the Semites, you and we are not Jews of the Semites
    6. sergey1971
      sergey1971 27 March 2017 03: 29 New
      +1
      it is Israel that built an international airport in Tehran, Shah Pahlavi, it is Israel for Iran that created a ballistic missile Jericho Shah of Iran just didn’t have time to send Ayatollahs obscurantists and severed all relations with Israel, Iran and Israel had the highest turnaround than with Europe and America, it was Iran before the arrival of Israel, Ayatol and no Palestinians at that time and no occupation of the Iranian people prevented being friends with Israel just as friends as we are now friends with northern Azerbaijan, as you see, neither religion nor nationality nor a common history prevented our peoples from living for 4 thousand years, but for some reason interferes with the ayatols Vatnikovsky but they are not eternal and they will leave and we will be friends as it was before and it will be pretty soon
      1. Talgat
        Talgat 29 March 2017 20: 20 New
        0
        Judging by your comments, you are a staunch supporter of European values. as well as universal and democratic, liberal values, and in particular the state of Israel.

        It’s hard for us to immediately perceive all this here in the east. You understand that the difficult heritage of the USSR, the totalitarian regimes, our mentality is still Soviet (soviet), and here perestroika and the 90 years caused us a misunderstanding of "universal values"

        In general, treat our views with understanding - that is, Israel and the United States are far away and Iran is close - and offers real money and goods and friendship and cooperation to both us and Russia.
  2. serg2108
    serg2108 26 March 2017 14: 52 New
    +2
    as always a great review from Satanovsky .. hi
  3. APASUS
    APASUS 26 March 2017 15: 06 New
    0
    The article is written one-sidedly. The events in the region are affected not only by relations within Iran, but also by relations between members of the ruling family of King Salman ibn Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, he is no longer a young man and who wants to take the post of head of Saudi Arabia is full. Do not forget such players as Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani and Qatar intelligence chief Ahmed bin Nasser Al Thani. Attempts to maintain or weaken certain movements within countries are instantly reflected in the entire region.
    And there are plenty of such players in the region, if only the same Israel, Egypt, political and military conflicts in Yemen, the Gaza Strip, Lebanon.
  4. knn54
    knn54 26 March 2017 15: 48 New
    +1
    The refusal of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (Khamenei: “... Ahmadinejad’s participation in the elections could split the Iranian society”.) And General Kassem Suleymani (“I am a soldier of the IRGC, the regime of the Islamic Republic and the brave Iranian people. May God allow me to remain a soldier until the end of my life.” ) practically guarantees Rowhan’s re-election for a second term.
    He does EVERYTHING in the interests of the country. He also suits the Russian Federation.
  5. Khan
    Khan 26 March 2017 16: 35 New
    0
    [quote = knn54] General Kassem Suleimani ("I am a soldier of the IRGC, the regime of the Islamic Republic and the brave Iranian people. May God allow me to remain a soldier until the end of my life.") - This does not guarantee him anything. Where do such conclusions come from?
  6. sergey1971
    sergey1971 26 March 2017 19: 02 New
    0
    this is not an Arabs war between Arabs. you are deeply mistaken that this is a thousand-year conflict of Shiite cryptopers with Arab Sunite powers, as it is now happening in Syria, the axis is not Arabs. with the exception of the Lebanese hezbollah, which is the only Arab. other groups are Afghan groups Iranian IRGC against the axis of the Sunites of the Arabs, Iran doesn’t care who will be in Syria with the dictatorship of the ayatol themselves, it’s important for them to be Shiites and to be the hegemon in the Middle East now, and therefore the leaders of the Islamic world generally maintain a hotbed of tension at this they are absolutely not interested in the fate of Shiite compatriots in northern Azerbaijan in which they openly support non-Shiite Armenia and the occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh and 7 Azerbaijani regions they absolutely do not care though Azerbaijanis in Iran have 38 million honors as Iranians themselves, but for some reason they care about the occupation in Yemen in Syria in Israel in Bahrain, all countries that compete with Iran for hegemony and the regional lmder in the Middle East. With the exception of Israel, Israel needs a padded coat of Iran only to establish itself not as a kalobaritionist, but as a more honorable form as a fighter for the rights of Arabs, while continuously fighting with these Arabs since the Iran-Iraq war, where two million people died
  7. Talgat
    Talgat 26 March 2017 19: 36 New
    +4
    in fact, the truth is that in recent years Iran has 100% of Russia’s situational ally

    He is also a friendly neighbor and partner for us.

    And he fights in Syria against our common enemies

    And he hates the fat obscurantists of the Saudi Cathars - and when the scales on the world stage swing towards China and the Russian Federation - mark my word - he will make a “move” in relation to these medieval emirs
    1. sergey1971
      sergey1971 26 March 2017 20: 58 New
      0
      you are very mistaken the Iranian ayatollah always called the United States the great Satan and the Soviet Union the small like Israel and since then their attitude has not changed, so the proof was two months ago https://youtu.be/uEdh78qqj_U
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. sergey1971
      sergey1971 26 March 2017 21: 30 New
      0
      100% ally of Russia? but did Iran stop calling the USA the great Satan and the USSR and its assignee Russia small? here’s a video two months ago, the funeral of one of the leaders of the spiritual leader of Iran was held and here are the slogans that they shouted Death of Russia https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uEdh78qqj_U
      1. Kasym
        Kasym 26 March 2017 23: 56 New
        +2
        Sergey, the case is in nat. Iran’s interests. Namely.
        1. Advanced weapons that they have nowhere to take. For example, air defense, BTT, EW, Navy space.
        2. Energy. NPP.
        3. Inclusion in the EAEU pipeline system, with access to the EU and PRC markets. Iranians have even given up competition in the EU gas market.
        4. Food. For example, cereals, as well as access to our market for vehicles with their own food.
        5. The issue of security and mediation with the West and Israel.
        6. Communications and infrastructure. For example, Kazakhstan built a railway line to Iran (over 1000 km.) Through Turkmens and gave access to the Silk Road. Thus, a land corridor appeared to the north, east and west. Vehicle offers on railway lines around the Caspian Sea, incl. autobahn.
        7. Investments in hydrocarbon production and new technologies for this production.
        8. Mediation in establishing good neighborly relations with Turks and Afghans; those. with the neighbors.
        As you can see, no matter how they call us, they need us. Here they have global interests - otherwise they will be overwhelmed by Westerners, like a hunted beast. Without us, there is no question of any well-being. Therefore, their tone and mood will change in relation to us. An example is their application for accession to the SCO, CICA. Even under Ahmadinejad, during his visit to the Republic of Kazakhstan, he declared eternal friendship and cooperation. hi
        1. sergey1971
          sergey1971 27 March 2017 01: 00 New
          0
          I understand Iran’s interests, but I’m more interested not in their interests, but in the interests of Russia, Europe, Israel, USA and Iran’s neighbors, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, etc. Let Iran’s interests stand up for quilted jackets on Iranian websites in Farsi and discuss Russian interests and Russian-speaking interests here, but Iran in no way treat them no more than samali or mozambique
        2. sergey1971
          sergey1971 27 March 2017 01: 01 New
          0
          there is such a proverb Lord save me from such friends and I will protect myself from enemies
        3. sergey1971
          sergey1971 27 March 2017 01: 12 New
          0
          Does anyone advocate that Iran participate in all these projects that you listed? no, let Iran lay a branch of the pipeline not around the Strait of Hormuz and straight to the Mediterranean Sea through the port of Israel in Haifa; let it build a railway from Tel Aviv directly through Tehran to Astana; make peace with Israel; Azerbaijan with Europe; with America; Israelis have no territorial, religious, political, historical, non-hepatic or economic claims to him, but how to achieve this if the Iranian quilted jackets want to solve the Jewish issue of the Israeli presence as Adolf Hitler wanted it to. Is it possible with the Fuhrer Ayatollahs that the authorities in Tehran can agree? I would really like to see yes, but Iranian quilted jackets are against
          1. Kasym
            Kasym 27 March 2017 12: 05 New
            +3
            But we are not interested in the interests of the EU, Israel and the USA - judging by their foreign policy, sanctions, etc. laughing
            Go and defend the interests of Israel on Western sites - there are a lot of quilted jackets right there. Iran is our neighbor and is fighting terror, unlike the countries you have listed. It was they who pulled this demon of radical Islam in the early 80s. And this demon will surely return to those who revived it !!! Or do you not see this?
      2. Asadullah
        Asadullah 27 March 2017 22: 48 New
        +3
        here’s a video two months ago, the funeral of one of the leaders of the spiritual leader of Iran was held and here are the slogans that they shouted Death of Russia https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uEdh78qqj_U


        Syriozha, why aren't they shouting in Farsi laughing and why this clip showed Al Jazeera with Israel in an embrace. And why is this one group screaming into the microphone in a narrow circle, and the rest shouting Farsi another, screaming and not even hearing that these twenty people are yelling at the microphone there? There are a lot of peoples in Iran, who knows how many people call Ayatollah there. What, you fool came to look?
        1. sergey1971
          sergey1971 28 March 2017 02: 34 New
          0
          No, they’re just shouting in Farsi, because the funeral was held in Tehran. If in doubt, ask the Iranian quilted jacket what they shout and in which language he is well versed in this. Most likely his native language, in any case, he translates Iranian television clips perfectly.