Marshal Chuikov


Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov - the same age as the century, the son of a peasant from the village of Silver Ponds of the Tula province. He writes about himself: “My ancestors are earthmoving. And if he had been drafted into the tsarist army, my highest ceiling would have been a soldier or sailor, like my four older brothers. But at the beginning of 1918, I volunteered to go to the Red Army to defend my native Fatherland of workers and peasants. Member of the Civil War, commanded a regiment since 19 years. ”

According to Nikolai Vladimirovich Chuikov, the grandson of the commander, “if you remember the number of injuries that your grandfather received in the Civil War, he was cut very hard. And climbed into the thick of it. Once in a snowfall, white men stuck in the column. They look - the officers are around, and let's chop them down. He also has a mark on his forehead from checkers, apparently, he removed his head in time, and the wound was quite deep. And was shot through. His rigidity, I believe, was raised in Silver Ponds. She went from his father, Ivan Ionovich, who was the groom at Count Sheremetev. The mother, Elizaveta Fedorovna, a believer, the elder of the Nikolskaya church, was also a very persistent person - after all, it was necessary to have the courage to go to the Kremlin in 1936 to ask not to destroy the church. And the son of a brigade commander ... I made my way to the reception to Stalin, then to Kalinin. And her request was granted. Ivan Ionovich, to be honest, didn’t go to church much - he was known as a fist fighter. When I still came to the Silver Ponds when I was little, Aunt Nyura Kabanova, who was married to Pyotr Chuikov, told me: “Fighting battles at Shrovetide, at the neighbor Liza (Elizaveta Fedorovna. )’S husband dragged her fist, holding her stomach - Wanchay, he says, Ionovsky has struck down with his fist with his fist, we must lie on the stove. And by the morning he died. Ivan Ionovich with one strike laid on the spot. They tried not to go directly with him - they fell, they grabbed their felt boots to hold down the movements, and you couldn't beat a man lying down. So he jumped out of these boots and ran barefoot across the ice of the river Osetr, across the bridge - and wave again. A terrible person in this regard was. " But for the war, they are needed - courageous, desperate, bold, who can look death without looking at you. Chuikov and Chuikovtsy are very strong warriors. And let the grandfather risked, but he and his units practically did not retreat. He went forward all the time. And the losses were less than others, and the tasks were carried out. "

In 1922, Vasily Chuikov, who had already had two orders of the Red Banner, entered the Military Academy named after M.V. Frunze, continuing his studies at the Chinese branch of the Oriental faculty of the same academy, at which intelligence officers were trained. In his book “Mission in China” he writes: “We, the Soviet commanders, under the leadership of the great Lenin, defeated the troops of the White Guard generals and reflected the campaigns of foreign interventionists, considered it an honor to take part in the national liberation movement of the Chinese people ... Scribed Chinese characters that painstakingly studied history China, traditions and customs.

Scout Vasily Chuykov

On his first trip to China, Vasily Chuikov went to 1926. Later he recalled: “Siberia was familiar to me because of my fighting youth. There, in the fight against Kolchak, I received a baptism of fire and in the battles of Buguruslan I became the regiment commander. Severe was a campaign against the troops of Kolchak and other generals of the tsarist army. Now outside the car window flashed peaceful platforms. Villages and villages healed their fiery wounds. The trains were moving - albeit with frequent delays, but no longer on the schedule of the Civil War. In 1919 from Kurgan to Moscow, our regiment moved by rail for more than a month. ”

It is from these Kurgan steppes that our clan Vedyaev occurs. In his memoirs, Alexey Dmitrievich Vedyaev writes: “In 1918 – 1919, the situation in the Urals was difficult ... In the area of ​​Presnovka, Kazanka, Lopatok, Bolshe-Kureyny, Malo-Kureinyi (the family of my great-grandfather, blacksmith Dmitry Vedyaev lived in this village. - And .B.) Fought 5-I Rifle Division as part of the 1-th and 3-th brigade, six regiments. The commander of the 43 regiment was V.I. Chuikov, who then commanded the 62 Army at Stalingrad. There were battles with varying success. Kolchak's residents in Bolshaya-Kurein shot a priest, burned down many houses, finding that the Red Army soldiers were hiding in the church. ... In memory of those battles, there are obelisks in Bolshaya-Kurein and near Lake Sour. In the Patriotic War, near Rzhev, in this 5-th Red Banner Rifle Division, renamed 44-th Guards, I had a chance to fight, and under the command of VI. Chuikov - in Ukraine, Moldova as part of the 8-th Guards Army. God works in mysterious ways".

After Stalingrad, 62-I Chuikov's army, renamed 8-th Guards, liberated the Donbass, Right-Bank Ukraine and Odessa, Polish Lublin, forced the Vistula and the Oder, stormed Seelow Heights - the gate to Berlin. Guardsmen Chuikov, having behind 200-day experience of fighting in completely destroyed Stalingrad, skillfully fought street fighting in Berlin. It was at the command post of Chuikov 2 of May 1945 that the head of the Berlin garrison, General of Artillery Helmut Weidling, capitulated, who also tried to organize the defense of the city, fighting for each house.

But he did not succeed. But Chuikov survived in Stalingrad - it means that he was stronger both as a commander and as a person.

“Chuikov felt the essence of each battle,” says Colonel-General Anatoly G. Merezhko, who during the war years served as an assistant to the chief of the operations department of the 62 — th army. - He was persistent and stubborn ... Chuikov embodied all the features traditionally attributed to the Russians - as the song says: “Walk for a walk, shoot at it, shoot it.” For him, war was a matter of life. He possessed an irrepressible energy that infected everyone around: from commanders to soldiers. If Chuikov’s character was different, we would not have been able to keep Stalingrad. ”

The first strike of the Germans, bursting towards the Volga, was taken by the 2 of August 1942, by the KGB. In his memoirs, Marshal Chuikov writes: “To soldiers of the 10 Division of the Internal Troops of the NKVD, Colonel A.A. Sarajevo had to be the first defenders of Stalingrad, and they withstood this difficult test, with honor and courageously and selflessly fought against the superior forces of the enemy until the approach of units and formations of the 62 Army. ”

About 7568 fighters 10-th division of the NKVD survived about 200 people. During the night, with 14 to 15 September composite detachment Captain KGB Ivan Kalashnikov Petrakov - two incomplete platoon soldiers 10-th Division of the NKVD and the employees of the NKVD, the total number of 90 people - essentially saved Stalingrad on the last turn at the fords, reflecting on a narrow strip shores of attack of a whole battalion of German infantry. Thanks to this, the 13-th Guards Division of Major-General Alexander Ilyich Rodimtsev was able to cross over from the left bank and join the battle.

Both the Chekists of Alexander Sarayev and the guardsmen of Alexander Rodimtsev were part of the 62 Army Vasily Chuikov. Therefore, one can imagine their bewilderment after the release of the book "The Gulag Archipelago" by Alexander Solzhenitsyn.

“When I read Pravda,” the marshal wrote, “that today there was a man who attributed the victory at Stalingrad to penal battalions, did not believe his eyes ... I repeat again: during the period of the Stalingrad epic, there were no penal mouths in the Soviet Army or other penal divisions. Among the fighters of Stalingrad there was not a single fighter-penal. On behalf of the Stalingrad survivors and those killed in battle, on behalf of their fathers and mothers, wives and children, I blame you, A. Solzhenitsyn, as a dishonest liar and slanderer of the Stalingrad heroes, our army and our people. ”

In fact, the backbone of the armies of the Stalingrad front were not penalties, but paratroopers. In 1941, 10 airborne corps (VDK) were formed, each numbering up to 10 thousand people. But due to the sharp deterioration of the situation in the southern sector of the front, they were reorganized into rifle divisions (GKO Decision of July 29 of 1942 of the year). They immediately received Guards ranks and numbers from 32 to 41. Eight of them were sent to Stalingrad.

Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov. Stalingrad, 1942 year

The personnel of these divisions for a long time continued to wear airborne uniform. Many commanders had jackets with fur collars instead of overcoats and boots without boots. All the guardsmen, including officers, continued to wear finns designed to be used as "cutters".

Thus, the 5 VDK, launched in March 1942 of the year into the reserve of the Supreme Command Headquarters, was replenished with personnel trained in the Airborne Forces, and in early August was reorganized into the 39 Guards Rifle Division, which, under the command of Major General Stepan Guriev 62 Army fought in the south-western direction, and then in Stalingrad itself in the territory of the Red October plant. At the closest approaches to Stalingrad, and then in the city itself, the 35-I Guards Rifle Division (formerly 8-th Airborne Division) fought. The guardsmen of the division are among the first defenders of the Stalingrad elevator.

It was the paratroopers who cemented the ranks of the defenders of Stalingrad, and among them my grandfather, Andrei Dmitrievich Vedyaev, who fought in Stalingrad as part of the 36 Guards Rifle Division (the former 9 th Vdk). The grandfather “despite his explosive nature and liberties ... was not noticed in any breach of discipline,” my father wrote about him. - Apparently, he knew how to control himself, was brave and resourceful, knew well and loved the service, found satisfaction in it. We decided that, in the interests of the cause, we should send the company commander to the rear of the enemy Vedyaev, Andrey Dmitrievich, and appointed him to this position. ”

The commander of the 8 Guards Army, Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel-General Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov sets the combat mission. 1944 year

Guardsmen of Major-General Alexander Ilyich Rodimtsev, who received his first Gold Star of the Hero (No. 45) in Spain, gained particular fame. His son Ilya Alexandrovich, with whom we were recently in the homeland of Marshal Chuikov in Silver Ponds, says: “In the Rodimtsev family, the name of Chuikov was always pronounced with special love. The first time Vasily Ivanovich and my father met at Stalingrad. On the night of September 15 1942, the 13-I Guards Division, commanded by my father, crossed over to burning Stalingrad. For the first one and a half days, my father could not even reach the headquarters of the 62 Army, because the Germans were at the Volga itself. The fighters immediately joined the battle to oust the Germans from the city center and ensure the transfer of further parts. By the evening of September 15 in the headquarters of the 62 Army near Mamayev Kurgan, Rodimtsev reported to Chuikov that he had arrived with his division. Vasily Ivanovich asked: “Did you understand the situation in Stalingrad? What are you going to do? My father replied: "I am a Communist and I will not leave Stalingrad." Vasily Ivanovich liked this answer, because a few days before that, on September 12, when Chuikov was appointed commander of the army, the same question was asked to him by the front commander Andrei Eremenko. Chuikov replied that we cannot give Stalingrad and we will not give it back. Thus began the Stalingrad epic. 140 days and nights, my father was in Stalingrad, never went to the left bank. Chuikov had many divisions in the army, and they all fought with dignity. However, Vasily Ivanovich himself, remembering his commanders, always singled out three: Alexander Rodimtsev, Ivan Lyudnikov, and Victor Zholudev. After the war, my father met Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov many times, their friendship remained for life. When his father passed away in 1977, Vasily Ivanovich came to our family, Stalingrad recalled and said these words: “It’s hard to say how it all ended if not for the 13 Division, which saved the city in the last hours.” Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov - a very large figure. A person was needed, for which the soldiers would go. The soldiers could only believe in the commander, about whom they knew that he was with them, that he was near. That was the formula of the commander Chuikov: "The commander should be with the soldier." All the participants in the Battle of Stalingrad remember that, as one, their commander, their divisional divisions were always among them: they saw them at the crossing, in the ruins of the houses they defended, in their trenches. Subsequently, Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus asked Chuikov: "Mr. General, where was your command post?" Chuikov replied: "On Mamayev Kurgan". Paulus paused and said: “You know, intelligence reported to me, but I did not believe her.”

But the Germans believed the Soviet intelligence service, which during the KGB operation "Monastery" transferred to the Abwehr disinformation that the Red Army would go on the offensive not at Stalingrad, but at Rzhev. She was handed over to the agent Heine, introduced into the Abwehr, and then abandoned by the Germans to Moscow under the pseudonym Max. According to legend, in Moscow he was enlisted in the General Staff as a liaison officer. His image is partially derived by Oleg Dalem in the film “Omega Variant” (1975).

In his memoirs “Special Operations. Lubyanka and the Kremlin. 1930 – 1950 years ”Pavel Anatolievich Sudoplatov, the head of the NKVD of the USSR 4 Directorate (in the film under the name Simakov, is played by Yevgeny Evstigneev) writes:“ November 4 1942 of the Year “Heine” - “Max” reported that the Red Army would strike the Germans on November 15 not at Stalingrad, but in the North Caucasus and near Rzhev. The Germans were waiting for a strike near Rzhev and repelled it. But the entourage of the Paulus group near Stalingrad was a complete surprise to them. Zhukov, who was unaware of this radio game, paid a high price — thousands and thousands of our soldiers under his command were killed in the attack near Rzhev. In his memoirs, he admits that the outcome of this offensive was unsatisfactory. But he never knew that the Germans had been warned about our attack on the Rzhev direction, so they threw so many troops there. ”

Marshal Chuikov

Vasily Chuikov (sitting) and Naum Eitingon (standing to the right). Residency in Harbin. End of 1920's

The Deputy Major General of State Security Naum Eitingon, who was once invited to the central office of the Cheka by Felix Dzerzhinsky himself, was the deputy of Sudoplatov. As well as Chuikov, he graduated from the Oriental Department of the Military Academy and in 1927 – 1929 was a resident of the Institute of Foreign Intelligence (Foreign Intelligence) of the OGPU in China under the guise of the post of vice-consul of the USSR in Harbin. At the same time, in the same years, Vasily Chuikov worked in Harbin on the line IV (intelligence) of the Red Army Headquarters. In 1928, his daughter Ninel was born in Harbin. In the book "At the utmost height," which was written by the son and daughter of General Eitingon, is a unique photo taken in Harbin. In the photo, three are playing chess. Two of them are Chuykov and Eitingon.

At that time, the task of the Soviet residency in China included the military assistance of the Chinese Communist Party, including the supply of weapons, because by the autumn of 1927, the Commander-in-Chief of the Chinese Revolutionary Army, Chiang Kai-shek, carried out a counter-revolutionary coup. “By the nature of my work, I traveled a lot around the country,” Chuikov writes in his book “Mission in China”. “I traveled almost all of North and South China, I learned to speak Chinese quite fluently.”

Working from illegal positions under the name of Karpov, he interacts with a group of militant agents, Christopher Salnyn. The adviser on military intelligence in the group was Bulgarian Ivan (“Vanko”) Vinarov, later Minister of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria. 4 June 1928, Eitingon, and Salnyn's group blew up a train in which the pro-Japanese dictator of North China and Manchuria, Zhang Jolin (Huangutun incident), was traveling.

Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek sits in the center. To his left is the chief military adviser Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov. China, 1941 year

In 1928, Chiang Kai-shek managed to unite all China under his rule and strengthen his influence in Manchuria. 27 May 1929, the Chinese police smashed the Soviet consulate in Harbin, arresting the 80 man and seizing documentation. Chuikov returned to Vladivostok in a roundabout way through Japan and was sent to Khabarovsk, where a Special Far Eastern Army was formed to repel the aggression of the Chinese, supported by Russian White emigres and Western powers. “We, who speak Chinese and know the situation in China, were seconded to the army headquarters,” writes Chuikov. During the liquidation of the conflict on the CER, he was next to the army commander Vasily Konstantinovich Blucher and became head of the 1 (intelligence) department of the army headquarters. The Salnyn and Vinarova group also participated in reconnaissance and sabotage operations against the Chinese.

In 1932, Chuikov was demoted: he was transferred to the head of the Red Army headquarters in Zagoryanka by the head of the advanced training courses for intelligence officers at the IV Directorate of the Red Army. The occasion served as a conflict with a member of the Military Council of the Army. According to Nikolai Vladimirovich Chuikov, on one of the anniversaries, he said something grandly insulting to his grandfather and immediately received his face. “Chuikov was saved by the military past - the hero of the Civil War, and peasant origin. But the main thing - the Lord has saved him, as if saving for a more important mission. " After graduating from the Military Academy of Mechanization and Motorization of the Red Army in 1936, he participated in the Polish liberation campaign (1939) and the Soviet-Finnish war (1939 – 1940) already at the rank of commander.

Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel-General Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov among the soldiers. Germany, 1945 year

In the meantime, Eitingon, under the name of General Kotov, visited Spain as deputy resident of the NKVD for partisan operations, including sabotage on railways, and in 1940, he led the Duck operation to eliminate the worst enemy of Soviet power, Lev Trotsky. In 1941, he became Deputy Sudoplatov and together with Vanko Vinarov went to Turkey to liquidate the German Ambassador Franz von Papen. In the same year, Chuikov was sent to China by the chief military adviser to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek with the task of organizing a united front against Japan. As a result of all these actions, neither Turkey nor Japan dared to attack the USSR.

“When I went to Taiwan,” says Nikolai Vladimirovich Chuikov, “I was especially interested in their archive. Before that, I was trying to find at least something about Chuikov in Nanjing and Chongqing. But there is nothing there. And the President of Taiwan gave me Chiang Kai-shek's diary for 1941 – 1942 a year. His records confirm that Chuikov really hard pressed Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong to unite against Japan, and not to engage in civil strife. For example, here’s an entry from 30 June 1941:

民国 三 十年 六月 30
公 为 德苏 战事 , 约 俄 俄 总 顾问 崔克夫 来 予以 予以 慰问 , 并 对该 国 正在进行 之 战事 表示 关怀 之 意 , 与 国 国 然后 再 以西 向 对 德 , 如此 如此 则 俄 在 东方 东方 地位 可以 安全 , 而 对 德 亦可 进退自如 矣 , 最后 并 请 军政 当局 当局 国。

In the evening, he invited Chuikov, the chief adviser of the USSR, to discuss the war between Germany and the USSR. First he inquired about health and the situation on the fronts, then he said that Russia first had to fight with China against the Japanese in the east, and then with all the power in the west to fight the Germans ... Finally, he asked me to tell the USSR government that China would give him full support.

January 16 1942 years

In the morning he returned to Chongqing and met with the chief military adviser and military attaché of the USSR, Chuikov.

Chuikov. Today I received information that the Supreme Command of the enemy decided to assemble 17 divisions and regiments on the islands in the South China Sea to carry out the plan for the attack on the south, a lot of Air Force and Navy. I'm afraid the enemy is spreading such information not to go south ... but is going to attack Central and Northern China. In addition, the day before yesterday, enemy aircraft imperceptibly attacked Sichuan province. Their goal is to determine the deployment of the Chinese army in the interior provinces, not its bombardment.
Chiang Kai-shek. I think that in the spring the enemy will launch an attack on Central and Northern China.

Chuikov. Yesterday I learned that there were clashes between your troops. What's happening? I need to report to our generalissimo.
Chiang Kai-shek. In this case, you still need to understand.

Chuikov. When I was leaving, our Generalissimo told me that I should support Chairman Chiang Kai-shek. Now your country is threatened by the Japanese. The army must unite under your leadership. No internal conflicts are allowed ... I heard that 70 000 people are involved in the conflict. Both sides suffer losses, the army commander and chief of staff are captured. I ask you to send people as soon as possible and find out on the spot.

Chiang Kai-shek. As soon as I receive a report from the front, I will send a person to you.

Chuikov. Thank you very much for today's meeting and conversation. Stay healthy. And I hope that the army and the people will rally under your wise leadership and will resist the Japanese aggressors.

Chiang Kai-shek. Stay healthy!".

Marshals of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov and Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov at the celebration of the 50 anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution, 1967 year

“The problem was,” Nikolai Vladimirovich continues, “that Mao did not fulfill the order of the commander in chief, Chiang Kai-shek. It seems to me that Chiang Kai-shek was tired of this, and the column of the 4 Army, which formed the basis of the Red Army of China, was hit. Her commander E. Tina was sent to prison, 10 thousand communists were shot. Mao was going to retaliate. These events put Chuikov’s mission at risk. He came to Chiang Kai-shek - he shrugs, they say, he did not give such orders. Then the grandfather tried to find out this question from the Chief of the General Staff. Chuikov’s character was explosive, and in a raised conversation he launched a palace vase into it, scaring that if this happens again, there will be no more help from the USSR. The threats worked - Chiang Kai-shek was afraid that we would remove all military advisers and stop military-technical assistance. The grandfather also managed to get in touch with George Dimitrov, and the latter, through the Comintern, pressed Mao. As a result, Chuykov ruined this situation. After returning from China, he reported to Stalin that the mission was accomplished: it was possible to combine the efforts of the CPC and the KMT, the 4 and 8 armies. That is why the Japanese did not attack us, but began to bomb Pearl Harbor. But if the Japanese invaded the USSR, and at the level of Siberia and the Urals, where we evacuated the industry, it would be a nightmare. ”

- Nikolai Vladimirovich, what were the specific features of Chuikov’s tactics in Stalingrad?

- Chuikov, being a professional intelligence officer, noticed that the Germans attacked quite stereotyped. Moreover, the scheme of their offensive was clearly worked out. Rises first aviationstarts to bomb. Then artillery is switched on, and it works mainly on the first echelon, and not on the second. Start moving Tanks, under their cover is the infantry. But if this scheme is broken, their attack chokes. The grandfather noticed that where our trenches came close to the German, the Germans did not bomb. And their main trump card was aviation. Chuikov’s idea was simple - to reduce the distance to 50 m, before throwing a grenade. Thus, the main trump card - aviation and artillery - was knocked out. The task was to keep this distance all the time, to glare at the Germans. And then the use of small reconnaissance and sabotage groups (RDGs), the capture and retention of individual buildings - such as, for example, Pavlov’s house. After all, the Germans broke into the city on a courage, walked in tank columns with almost harmonica. And bang them! first car, bang! the last - and let's shoot, burn Molotov cocktails. As recently Chechens in Grozny. And it is imperative to counterattack, to conduct active defense. Grandfather realized that the Germans most of all do not like hand-to-hand combat and night combat. They are comfortable people - they fought from dawn, as expected. They push us towards the Volga during the day, and we counterattack them at night and actually drop them to their original positions or even further. That is, a kind of swing turned out. Separately snipers. I studied at a military school according to the Combat Regulations, which Chuikov developed. The actions of these small RDGs are clearly spelled out there. They are ordered to advance. You go in dashes, two fighters of the firing sector take to cover you. You ran to the door - first a grenade flies there, then a turn, then a dash. And again - a grenade, turn, dash.

- Subsequently, this tactic was used by special forces of the KGB of the USSR, for example, the Zenit and Thunder groups in taking Amin’s palace in Kabul.

- It is no coincidence that the grandfather in 1970 was awarded the highest award of the KGB of the USSR - the “Honorary Security Officer” badge.

- By the way, after the end of the battle of Stalingrad, both Chuikov and Eitingon were awarded the highest military orders: Lieutenant General Chuikov - the Order of Suvorov, I degree, and Major-General Eitingon - the Order of Suvorov, II degree. Captain Demyanov (agent Heine), already awarded the Iron Cross by the Germans, received the Order of the Red Star ...

- The grandfather always said that every past Stalingrad is a hero. Therefore, Zhukov took Chuikov to himself, because the 8-th Guards Army was transferred to the 1-th Belarusian Front right from the south of Ukraine and from Moldova. Because he needed such a man, whose soldiers skillfully could take bastions, the “assault general”.

- Yes, and Vasily Ivanovich himself was a model of courage and resilience, without ever leaving Stalingrad and not going to the left bank.

- It even happened that threshing artillery, resorted to the headquarters: “Comrade commander, the Germans broke through there”. And he sits quietly and plays chess with his adjutant. After all, he presents the situation: "broke through?" And gives the command to enter such a battalion. Or relocate part of the regiment, deploy artillery fire. In this case, no fright, no fuss. For 200 days, he washed only in parts. Once he went to the bank of the Volga to go to the bathhouse, he saw that the soldiers were watching. Turned - and back, so that someone did not think. In general, I do not know how my grandfather was able to keep Stalingrad. At that time, if you offered someone to go to his place, you wouldn’t really agree. Because, consider, you find yourself on certain death. There is still a share of a miracle that he managed to survive and hold on there.

In July, 1981, Vasiliy Ivanovich Chuikov wrote a letter to the CPSU Central Committee: “Feeling the approach of the end of life, I ask in full consciousness: after my death, bury dust on Mamaev Kurgan in Stalingrad ... From that place you can hear the roar of the Volga waters, volleys of guns and pain Stalingrad ruins, thousands of soldiers buried there, commanded by me ...

27 July 1981 of the year. V. Chuikov.
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  1. +5
    11 March 2017 15: 34
    Great Man! Great are his Acts!
  2. +2
    11 March 2017 17: 19
    It was interesting to learn new things about Chuykov.
  3. +4
    11 March 2017 17: 22
    An article about a wonderful commander, but this makes it even more offensive for the mistakes made in her.

    The author quotes an entry from Chiang Kai-shek's diary for January 16, 1942:

    Chuykov. Yesterday I found out that there were clashes between your troops. What's happening? I need to report to our generalissimo.
    Chiang Kai-shek. In this case, you still need to understand.

    Chuykov. When I left, our generalissimo told me that I should support The Chairperson Chiang Kai-shek. Now your country is threatened by the Japanese. The army must rally under your leadership.

    What generalissimo is Chuikov talking about? About Stalin? But Stalin became a generalissimo only in 1945. Anyway, Chiang Kai-shek was the Generalissimo, and Mao Zedong was the Chairman.

    2. The words of Sudoplatov cited in the article are also doubtful.

    I quote: “In his memoirs,“ Special Operations. Lubyanka and the Kremlin. 1930-1950 ", the head of the 4th Directorate of the NKVD of the USSR Pavel Anatolyevich Sudoplatov ... writes:" On November 4, 1942, Heine - Max announced that the Red Army would strike the Germans on November 15 not under Stalingrad, but in the North Caucasus and under Rzhevom. The Germans were waiting for a blow near Rzhev and repelled it. But the environment of the Paulus group near Stalingrad came as a complete surprise to them.

    Unaware of this radio game, Zhukov paid a dear price - thousands and thousands of our soldiers under his command died in the offensive near Rzhev. In his memoirs, he admits that the outcome of this offensive operation was unsatisfactory. But he never found out that the Germans were warned of our attack on the Rzhev line, so he threw so many troops there. ”

    I will never believe that Zhukov is the only deputy Supreme Commander-in-Chief and did not know that the offensive near Rzhev was a distracting maneuver, especially since he was directly involved in the development of a plan for encircling German troops near Stalingrad.
  4. +2
    11 March 2017 17: 48
    Article plus. The role of Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov in the defense of Stalingrad is very great. The writer V.S. Pikul in the unfinished, in view of his death, novel "The Square of the Fallen Fighters," praised him. However, in the course of reading the article, he drew attention to the military rank of I.V. Stalin, referring to 1945 = "generalissimo".
    (C) January 16, 1942

    (C) Chuykov. Yesterday I found out that there were clashes between your troops. What's happening? I need to report to our generalissimo.

    (C) Chuykov. When i was leaving our generalissimo told me that I should support Chairman Chiang Kai-shek.
  5. 0
    11 March 2017 18: 14
    Thanks to the author of the article about Marshal of Victory Chuikov V.
  6. wax
    11 March 2017 18: 51
    SOLZHEnitsyn is a liar, and he was cast into the secondary school curriculum. The fifth column is operational.
    1. +1
      11 March 2017 20: 50
      Lies are the consequences of cowardice and deviation from the front!
  7. +3
    11 March 2017 19: 18
    The father of my wife, captain Kudryavtsev P.A. was a member of the hostilities with the Japanese in 1945. He liberated the Kuril Islands, commanded the Marine Corps. I have the honor.
    1. +1
      11 March 2017 20: 40
      Quote: midshipman
      ... captain P. Kudryavtsev .... He liberated the Kuril Islands, commanded the Marine Corps.

      5 individual battalions and the 13 I Marine Corps of the Pacific Fleet took part in the hostilities. Captain Kudryavtsev commanded, most likely, one of the companies in these units ... Eternal Memory ,! Eternal Glory! During the war, up to 34 000 000 people were called under the Banner!
      1. +1
        12 March 2017 07: 08
        I present a scheme for the organization of TF marines ...
  8. 0
    13 March 2017 20: 03
    a real fighter, a marshal, like Apanasenko is one of my favorite and most revered generals