In the 1950-60, research and development was aimed at improving the combat effectiveness of the TT pistol with the development of its version with increased magazine capacity (from 8 to 15 cartridges), as well as extending the barrel of a regular Makarov pistol to increase the bullet energy and accuracy.
7,62-mm TT pistol designed by RGSevryugin, prototype of the beginning of 1950-s. 15 magazine capacity, ammunition range, 50 m
9-mm pistol PM design LL Gorbunova, a prototype 1968, the capacity of the magazine 8 ammunition, target range 50 m
In the 90-s, with the advent of computer modeling, microelectronics and new polymeric materials, the company developed a model range of pistols based on PM with improved characteristics and special features.
The pistol MP-448 "Skif" was created at the end of 1990-s by the designer of Izhevsk Mechanical Plant, DA Bogdanov. The gun was designed to create weapons, having the smallest possible weight and dimensions with high reliability in all conditions of use. The task of increasing manufacturability was also raised. The sample was designed using computer technology: first, its model was built, then a blank for the mold was created. The basis of the development is a Makarov pistol (PM). In contrast to the PM, the Skif pistol uses a lighter frame of high-strength molded plastic, the shape of the handle and its inclination are changed. Due to this, the ergonomics of the pistol and its stability when shooting is improved. To facilitate the possibility of shooting with both the right and left hands, it is possible to install a double-sided safety lock button, a magazine latch on the right or left side of the handle. The gun is easy to maintain and operate - it contains all 35 parts from the magazine, an incomplete and complete disassembly is carried out without using tools with a ramrod. In addition to the basic version, the model MP-448С “Skif-mini” is released, which is distinguished by smaller dimensions.
9-mm pistol MP-448 "Skif" designed by DA Bogdanov, prototype 1999, magazine capacity 12 ammunition, target range 50 m, weight 0,64 kg
Pistol MP-443 "Leopard" - a small-sized pistol with high stopping power of ammunition. Differs in the reliability, technological effectiveness, the increased safety at the address. The sample was developed by the designer of the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant, DA Bogdanov, at the beginning of the 2000s. The closest analogue of this product is the PSM (self-loading small-sized pistol), which is considered the thinnest sample used in the Russian armed forces. In contrast, the MP-443, which also has a small size, uses more powerful cartridges - 9x18PM and 9x17К. The use of different ammunition is provided by replacing the barrel. The frame of the gun is steel, which allows you to combine a convenient, contributing to the instinctive aiming, the shape of the handle and sufficient strength when using the cartridge 9x18М. Due to the push-button magazine latch, the time for reloading the gun is reduced compared to the PSM pistol and the convenience of handling weapons is increased. MP-443 "Bars" was intended for arming the operational staff as a weapon for hidden permanent wear (or the so-called "second chance" weapon - a spare pistol), as well as for armament of women who are part of the above structures.
9-mm pistol MP-443 "Bars" designed by DA Bogdanov, prototype 2005, magazine capacity 6 ammunition, target range 50 m, weight 0,56 kg
The gun MP-447 is a unique model with an electronic system, conventionally referred to as "BEER" (a gun with the identification of the owner of the weapon). Its development by designers of the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant under the leadership of S.V. Gulyaev was launched in 1998 and completed in 2001. The design was carried out at the initiative of the enterprise. The main goal was to create a service weapon of law enforcement officers with minimal risk of its seizure and use by other persons. At the heart of the design is a Makarov pistol. Electronic blocking of the firing mechanism is released only if there is a ring on the middle finger of the firing hand with a correspondingly programmed chip. Receiving a signal from it allows you to fire a shot using an electromechanical actuator built into the pistol grip. MP-447 "BEER" was produced in a small amount as a premium weapon. Among the owners of an exclusive development is V.V. Putin, general director of Izhevsk mechanical plant V.S. Chuguevsky.
9-mm pistol MP-447 "BEER" (a gun with the identification of the owner of the weapon) designed by S.V. Gulyaev, prototype 2001. Magazine's 8 magazine capacity, target range 50 m
Development of a new army pistol
State Competition "Rook"
In 1991, the Ministry of Defense announced a R & D program (research and development) under the code name “Grach”. Its goal was to develop a new army pistol, which was supposed to provide penetration of protected and armored targets, as well as to surpass the Makarov pistol in capacity and capacity of the store. Initially, it was intended to create a modular sample, in which, due to the interchangeable set of barrel and magazine, it would be possible to use different cartridges - 9x18PM, 9x18PMM and 7,62x25TT.
Pistol “Grach-1” designed by AI Zarochintsev, prototype 1992 g. Modular design for chucks 7,62x25TT, 9x18PM, 9X18PMM
TsNIITOCHMASH (Klimovsk), TsKIB SOO (Tula) and Izhevsk Mechanical Plant took part in the competition for the development of a promising army pistol. In Izhevsk, at the initial stages, three versions of the design were worked out: “Grach-1” (designer A.I. Zarochintsev), “Grach-2” (designer V.A. Yarygin), “Grach-3” (designers B.M. Pletsky , R.G.Shigapov).
Pistol "Grach-1" is the first version of the model "Grach", presented by the designer of Izhevsk Mechanical Plant A.I. Zarochintsev at the first stage of the competition. The sample is a modular design that allows the use of cartridges caliber 7,62x25TT, 9x18PM, 9x18PMM. To do this, it is enough to replace the barrel and the magazine. MI ammunition is fired from a free gate, and PMM and TT ammunition is fired from a semi-free gate, with powder gases being braked, discharged through a side opening in the barrel bore. The trigger mechanism of the sample - a double action, which allows firing as a self-cocked and with a preliminary cocking of the trigger. In tests of the 1993 of the year at the Rzhevka test site, a strong gas-braked circuit sensitivity was detected to powder carbon pollution: through the 60 shots, the gas brake stopped working, the shutter speed increased sharply. As a result, the load on the hand increased, and the survivability of the pistol was low. Through 1300 shots the frame was destroyed. After this work on the gun "Grach-1" were discontinued.
The gun “Grach-2” designed by V.Yarygin, prototype 1992 g. Modular design for chucks 7,62х25ТТ, 9х18ПМ, 9х18ПММ
Pistol "Grach-2" - a model developed by the designer of Izhevsk Mechanical Plant V.A. Yarygin. In the early stages, the pistols were also a modular design for 9X18PM, 9x18PMM and 7,62X25TT cartridges, but subsequently it was decided to develop a design for an 919 and 9 Para Para enhanced penetration cartridge. Most of the design solutions of the pistol are traditional in order to achieve high reliability. The principle of operation of the automation is based on the recoil energy with a short recoil of the barrel and its rigid locking. The sample has a trigger mechanism with an openly located trigger, which allows firing only single shots as self-cocking, and with a preliminary cocking of the trigger, unregulated aiming devices. The safe handling of the gun is ensured by the presence of a two-sided safety lever and a safety trigger. On both sides, the trigger is covered by the protrusions of the shutter-casing, which excludes its engagement with clothing or ammunition items, keeps the trigger mechanism when the weapon falls and ensures the safety of the shooter. The frame of the gun is steel, there is a version of the gun in a lightweight version with a frame of high-strength plastic. In 2003, the decision of the Government of the Russian Federation "9-mm pistol Yarygin" (PJ) was officially adopted by the Russian army. October 9 The 2008 of the Year of the Russian Ministry of the Interior announced the switch from a Makarov pistol to a Yarygin pistol as a regular weapon. Today, the PJs enter into service with army units, internal troops, special units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation and other power structures, are premium weapons.
9-mm pistol "Grach-3" designed by BMPletsky and R.G. Shigapov, prototype 1992. Magazine's 12 magazine capacity, target range 50 m, weight 0,92 kg
Pistol "Grach-3" (PMM) is a modernized version of the famous Makarov pistol (PM). The new model was developed by the designers of Izhevsk Mechanical Plant B.M. Pletsky and R. G. Shigapov at the beginning of 1990 for participation in the competition. They were faced with the task of creating a pistol for a specially designed for him high-pulse cartridge 9х18PMM. It has the dimensions of a standard 9x18PM ammunition, but at the same time it has a great punching effect. From the Makarov pistol sample 1951, PMM differs redesigned chamber chamber. Three additional helical grooves are made on its surface, slowing the rollback and smoothing the difference between standard and high-impulse ammunition firing. This made it possible to use both the cartridge 9х18PMM and 9x18PM in the new sample. Another difference of the PMM from the base model is the increased capacity of the store. The shutter delay button has become more convenient than in the PM. PMM was adopted by the army in 1994 year as a temporary measure until the completion of the development of a more promising "Grach-2" scheme.
Research and development work on the creation of weapons for various purposes
At present, the PU is a fairly promising structure, which has potential in various directions for all kinds of requirements, both of domestic militarized structures and of a foreign customer. The “Vintuk” pistol based on the Yarygin pistol under the cartridge 10х23Т with a traumatic rubber bullet was developed by the order of the FSB as a weapon of limited destruction. Unlike civilian traumatic weapons, this pistol has an increased muzzle energy of up to 120 J and an aimed range of 10 meters.
The pistol of limited damage MP-472 "Vintuk" designed by A.I.Lozhkin and A.B. Ushakov, the prototype 2009-10. The used cartridge 10Х23Т, the capacity of the magazine 16 cartridges, the targeting range 10 m, weight 0,81 kg
PYL pistol designed by V.Yarygin, prototype chambered for 9x21, 2008 g. Cartridges 18 magazine capacity, target range 50 m, weight 0,81 kg
The version of the Yarygin pistol for the powerful cartridge 9x21 was developed at the request of the Ministry of Defense in order to increase the kinetic energy of the bullet for penetrating personal protective equipment.
In 1990-2000-ies. Izhevsk Mechanical Plant developed a concept for the development of pistol production. In accordance with it, the practical experience gained in developing original designs of pistols with the possibility of supplying not only by domestic orders (for domestic cartridges and requirements), but with the advent of a more flexible system for the supply of weapons for export (for foreign cartridges and requirements) was actively used. There were lines of light and heavy pistols for various purposes.
9-mm pistol MP-444 "Bagira" designed by RG Shigapov, a prototype of the end of 1990-s. 10 magazine capacity of cartridges, sighting range 50 m, weight 0,76 kg
The gun MP-444 "Bagheera" is one of the models of the family of weapons created by the designer of the Izhevsk mechanical plant, RG Shigapov, parallel to the development of the line of the Yarygin pistol. It was conceived as a basic model of a series of light pistols with high manufacturability for the manufacture of ammunition of several calibers. One of the design features of the gun is the presence of a buffer that significantly reduces the recoil momentum. The sight is constant, with three white dots. The frame of the sample is provided with slots for installing the illuminator or laser designator, made of high-strength polymer plastic to reduce the mass. MP-444 "Bagira" is easy to maintain and operate, incomplete and complete disassembly carried out without the use of tools with a ramrod.
Pistol MP-445 "Varyag" designed by V.A. Yarygin and D.P. Varlamov, prototype chambered for .40S & W, 2000s. Magazine capacity 15 rounds, sighting range 50 m, weight 0,88 kg
The MP-445 Varyag pistol is a model that became the basis for a series of so-called “heavy” pistols chambered for high-power cartridges. Work on its creation began in 1997 by the designers of the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant V.A. Yarygin and D.N. Varlamov. The novelty of the development consisted in the design of a series of both compact and full-size pistols, made on the same base with the ability to change the caliber, its orientation for export sales. The sample was developed in several modifications chambered for .40S & W (10x22 mm). These models, which have the same design, differ in external design. The design of the MP-445 is based on a schematic diagram of the operation of the Yarygin pistol. On the body of the pistol, in front of it, there are grooves for installing laser designators and tactical lights. To reduce the weight of the pistol and improve manufacturability, a frame made of high-strength plastic is used. The tests of the samples were carried out in conjunction with specialists from the FSB special unit. The MP-445 series pistols were created as a weapon with the possibility of using in practical shooting competitions (IPSC), but so far they remain experienced.
9-mm pistol MP-446P “Viking” designed by V.A. Yarygin and D.Varlamov, prototype 2000. Magazine's 15 magazine capacity, target range 50 m, weight 0,81 kg
The pistol MP-446 "Viking" is a model created for delivery abroad under the popular abroad cartridge caliber 9 mm Para. It was developed at Izhevsk Mechanical Plant in the period from 1998 to 2000 year by designers D. Varlamov and A. Kozin under the supervision of designer B. .A.Yarygin. The design of the MP-446 is based on the concept of operation of the Yarygin pistol. Magazine latch can be installed both on the right and on the left. The sample frame is made of high-strength thermoplastic molding. In 2001, the gun was put on mass production with the possibility of selling only for export. With the development of the sport movement of practical shooting in Russia (1PSC competition), the sports version of the MP-2004С pistol for sale in the domestic market was developed in 446. In the sports model, it is possible to complete the pistol with an elongated barrel, a sports sight and a steel frame. In 2006, the police version of the pistol MP-446P was developed with the possibility of changing special pads on the handle for specific anthropometric data of the arrow. Currently, the pistol MP-446 is produced and exported to Canada, Australia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Peru and other countries.
Summing up, I would like to note that these specimens are only a small part of the weapons that reflect the research and development work of Izhevsk gunsmiths of the second half of the 20th century, are just some of the directions in the development of small arms combat weapons.