Military Review

10 legendary warships that changed the concept of the Navy

74
History naval technology has gone from simple rafts to the giant ships used today. The engine of this story is innovations that have changed the notion of naval navy. We talk about 10 innovative ships that influenced shipbuilding.


Kobukson, 1592 - also known as the "Turtle Ship" - can be called the first battleship ship. The vessel owes its name to its distinctive armor, resembling an armor. The roof of the ship consisted of wooden boards covered with metal spikes, which greatly hampered the boarding. Kobukson - the Korean ship, which played an important role in the victory over the Japanese fleet during the Imjina war with Japan in the 16 century. Kobuksons were not the main ships used for combat, but gave impetus to new ideas in the field of naval shipbuilding. After three centuries, during the American Civil War, a full-fledged battleship will appear - and this is a great merit of the Korean Kobukson.

10 legendary warships that changed the concept of the Navy


Victory, HMS Victory, 1765 - battleship of the first rank of the Royal Navy of Great Britain, one of the most famous ships that are still afloat. The ship was launched in the 1765 year and took part in many sea battles, including the famous Battle of Trafalgar. The 104 guns with which the ship was equipped made it invincible. In 1805, during Victory Battle of Trafalgar, Victory was the lead ship of the left battalion of British ships that attacked the superior French-Spanish fleet. In this decisive battle, Great Britain has not lost a single ship, and France and Spain have lost the 22 ship. On board the legendary Victory, Vice Admiral Nelson was mortally wounded. Today, Victory has been turned into a museum, being the main attraction of Portmouth.



The Constitution, the USS Constitution, is the world's oldest sailing ship, afloat and still in service in the American fleet. The history of the Constitution is no less outstanding than Victory. The ship "Constitution" got the nickname "Old Iron" (Old Ironsides) due to the fact that the enemy cores bounced off its sides. "Iron-old" won the 33 battle, never having suffered defeat. The most notable was the victory in the Anglo-American war 1812 — 1814, in particular - the battle in which he defeated the British ship HMS Guerriere.



"Napoleon", Napoleon, 1852 - French screw battleship of the second rank. On board was the 90 guns, and he himself was equipped with an unprecedented technology at the time: the screw propulsion system. The use of steam traction for naval ships altered naval battles. Over the 10 years after the appearance of "Napoleon", both the French and English fleets built more 100-like vessels with mechanical engines. In fact, "Napoleon" marked the end of the era of sailing warships. Military ships began to equip the steam engine, while sacrificing a place for potential guns. Despite the fact that their firepower has decreased, the ships became faster and more maneuverable.



The Hanley, CSS HL Hunley, 1863 is a Confederate submarine built during the American Civil War. This is not the first submarine in the world, but one of the first to successfully prove themselves in battle. A jump in the development of the submarine fleet waited for the world in a few years, and the submarine "Hanley" was an exception for its time. The submarine was a steel "cigar" with a length of about 12 m (and 1,17 m wide). The boat was armed with a pole mine containing 41 kg of black powder attached to a wooden pole in the bow. The crew consisted of a 8-man. The first (and last) attack of the Hanley took place in 1864 year against the 12-gun crew sloop of the US Navy "Housatonic" (USS Housatonic), which carried out a naval blockade of the city in 8 km from the coast. The submarine successfully attacked the ship - it sank to the bottom for 5 minutes. The submarine signaled a return, plunged, but after that it never surfaced. Perhaps it was ruined by mechanical damage caused by the explosion.



The Dreadnought, HMS Dreadnought, 1906 is the British battleship, without a doubt, a revolutionary in naval affairs, and virtually every sentence about it can be started with the word “for the first time.” Thus, the Dreadnought (from dreadnought, “fearless”) was the first ship in the world to use the all-big-gun principle, i.e. “only big cannons,” its armament consisted of ten 305-mm caliber guns. This is the first battleship with a steam-turbine power plant, thanks to which it could develop at that speed a huge 21 node (38,8 km / h) at that time. Fast and equipped with powerful weaponsThe Dreadnought was not so much fearless as awesome. After the appearance of the Dreadnought, all naval powers began to produce battleships similar to it, and they all received the nominal name Dreadnoughts, and the naval armament race of those years went down in history as Dreadnought Fever.



Arc Royal II, HMS Ark Royal II, 1937 - British aircraft carrier during the Second World War. The first aircraft carriers were military ships converted into aircraft carriers. The Arc Royal II is the first ship in the world, originally created as an aircraft carrier. On board the Ark Royal II in two hangars could fit from 60-and 72-x aircraft of six separate squadrons. Ark Royal II participated in many operations during the Second World War, but was torpedoed by a German submarine U-81, sinking the day after the attack.



"Iowa", USS Iowa, 1942 - the lead ship of a series of 4-x battleships of the "Iowa" type of the US Navy, designed to support and protect heavy attack aircraft carriers of the "Essex" type. The battleship was armed with nine large-caliber 406-mm cannons, twenty 127-mm caliber artillery pieces and an anti-aircraft gun. "Iowa" still retains the status of the largest, fastest and most powerful battleship ever used in battle. For its naval merit ship "Iowa" received 9 combat stars during World War II and two more stars during the Korean War. The battleship was removed from the warships in the 1990 year, and in 2012 year it was turned into a museum while on the eternal port in the port of San Pedro (California). "Iowa" - the last in the history of the fleet battleship, who was in the ranks.



"Nautilus", USS Nautilus, 1954 - the world's first nuclear submarine, launched in the US in 1954 year. The submarine "Nautilus" never participated in hostilities, but made a revolution in naval technology. Her successful testing, in particular, the use of the atomic engine, broke numerous records. The Nautilus is the first vessel to first cross the 200 thousand miles (321 thousand km), and then all the 300 thousand miles (482 thousand km). The Nautilus submarine reached the North Pole and became the first ship to pass this point on Earth. In 1980, the Nautilus was withdrawn from the US Navy and in 1986, it opened its doors to visitors as a ship museum.



Zamvolt, USS Zumwalt, 2008 - US Navy Zamvolt missile destroyer. The Zamvolt was designed to replace the Iowa class battleships, which were withdrawn from the Navy in the 1990s. The ship has the means of stealth, equipped with Tomahawk cruise missiles and an artillery system. Artillery installations provide a range of 148 km. The vessel has an unusual shape to be hardly noticeable on enemy radars: flat oblique surfaces reflect radiation from the radar, and the Zamvolt's nose is oblique, like a breakwater. The trapezoidal shape of the destroyer is deceiving the radar, giving the impression of a much smaller vessel. The Zamvolt cost the Pentagon more than $ 3 billion. The Zamvolt type ships are operated together with the cheaper destroyers Arly Burk. And although today only two Zamvold-type destroyers have been launched, they have significantly strengthened the US naval forces. Destroyer-type destroyers of the Zamvolt type are called upon to serve as a kind of testing ground for new shipboard technologies and naval equipment, which will certainly give impetus to subsequent innovations.

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http://www.popmech.ru/weapon/328502-10-legendarnykh-voennykh-korabley-izmenivshikh-predstavlenie-o-vmf/
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  1. dedBoroded
    dedBoroded 18 February 2017 05: 43
    +33
    They will not write such a popman mechanic ... Of the entire list, only Dreadnought and Nautilus had a revolutionary influence on world shipbuilding. The rest is up to the heap.
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 18 February 2017 07: 11
      +27
      I have my own selection on this.

      U-35 - submarine, sank 236 ships, the total displacement of half a million tons
      It is not known whether the U-35 record will ever be broken in the foreseeable future (it is a pity that the authors of popular mechanics do not know about it. Almost nobody knows about her)


      "Dreadnought" - the ship that gave the name to the whole class of ships

      "Nautilus" - the world's first nuclear powered ship. 3 August 1958 the navigator of the Nautilus handed the commander a note with the coordinates of 90 °. sh. - "Nautilus" was the first ship to reach the North Pole.


      The submarine of the Northern fleet B-67 - the world's first launch of a ballistic missile, September 1955 g., SLBM R-11FM


      "George Washington" - which became the prototype of all submarine missile carriers, they are all conceptual heirs of Жory - appearance, layout, number and location of mines

      "Los Angeles" - the largest series of nuclear submarines, 62 units, the standard of reliability, for forty years of service no accident with reactor depressurization

      "Arly Burke" - the most numerous series of warships with in / out and more than 5000 tons in world history. In the next half a century, this record will not be beaten. 64 built destroyers, not counting foreign copies and the upcoming "third subseries"

      "Gerald Ford" - the largest warship in history, 106 thousand tons

      Zamvolt - a ship that has gathered in itself all the achievements of science and progress over the past 20 years. The return of gun armament, a unique radar with AFAR, electric transmission, automation and crew (140 people) - in 2-3 times less than on its predecessors.

      From the bridge, commanding “Full speed ahead!”, The mechanic standing on the lower deck increases the speed of the turbine. Where to go? Which enemy? He still does not see anything except the steering wheel control steam. Most of the team members are silent cogs, their participation in the battle is limited to the transfer of commands from the bridge to the machines and mechanisms.

      ... transfer their work to automation, leaving people with only the most important tasks of controlling the ship and selecting targets in battle?


      U-bot VII series - Blue-black scalpel, which the Germans "chikali" their opponents. the most numerous series of submarines, 703 units

      And a couple of my favorites - Dupuis de Lom and Worcester
      1. dumkopff
        dumkopff 18 February 2017 09: 34
        +21
        "We talk about 10 innovative ships that influenced shipbuilding."
        “Los Angeles” and “Arly-Burke” became famous only because someone had a damn money. Amazing novation. "Ford" from the same opera. "Zamvolt" - the concept of sticking everything new and the coolest for some time is an innovation? Worcester - late for the summer. And he has a very dubious HC
        Innovative: HMS Warrior, USS Monitor, PL Narwhal (France-1900), HMS Argus. These ships were truly innovative. They did not repeat - they were the first. And half of what you have listed is bigger and thicker from the category. Ships are good, but not innovative.
        You can even say more, a truly innovative ship is unlikely to be a masterpiece. To create a masterpiece requires a debt of operational experience and a sophisticated application concept. When an innovative ship is created, there is neither one nor the other.
        1. Santa Fe
          Santa Fe 18 February 2017 09: 57
          +6
          Quote: dumkopff
          “Los Angeles” and “Arly-Berk” are famous only for the fact that someone has a lot of money.

          No serious accident on the 62 project boats.
          money is money but you need something else
          Quote: dumkopff
          “Arly-Berk” became famous only for the fact that someone had a lot of money.

          We also dofiga money, but there is no Berkov

          Sailing Yacht A, Andrei Melnichenko, nearly a billion dollars.
          Quote: dumkopff
          Worcester - late for the summer.

          Horizontal armor heavier than vertical wink
          Quote: dumkopff
          “Zamvolt” - is the concept to insert everything new and the coolest since some time is an innovation?

          There was nothing to stick.
          To the zamvolta of these technoogies simply did not exist.
          1. dumkopff
            dumkopff 18 February 2017 11: 02
            +7
            Have you felt that your arguments are weak?
          2. rasteer
            rasteer 18 February 2017 12: 02
            +19
            An article from the category of agitation for an American kindergarten. At the time for such articles, an introduction to write. "Before reading, stock up on popcorn."
            The opus of the article that the zumik replaced Iowam is simply an extravaganza of reason, well, I beg you, then the "Kalash" was invented to replace the "maxims." wassat
            Kobukson, as the prototype of the merimack, is about the same series as the Leanardo da Vinci helicopter, the prototype of modern helicopters. Southerners probably didn’t even know where Korea is located ... iba WHY wassat
            SWEET_SIXTEEN How did the "conveyor" fleets of the US during the Cold War change the idea of ​​the Navy? Everything was always built on the principle of "bigger and fatter." Sorry, but even the “Monitor” is more appropriate than the “Arly Burke” or “Los Angeles”, nevertheless it generated a whole class of ships.
            How has Zumvolt changed our minds about warships? The Americans themselves already realized that this cannot be built.
            Iowa was good, but the idea of ​​the fleet did not change because the swan song of the battleships.
            In this fake, apart from Dreadnought and Nautilus, there are no ships that really changed the views of contemporaries on the Navy. And of you added only B-67 is worth mentioning.
            1. Senior manager
              Senior manager 18 February 2017 19: 44
              +3
              Sorry, but how is Nautilus an innovator? Put another engine and all? Interestingly, pedaling on a submarine is an innovation ?, or the transition from muscle power to a steam engine, why are there no references ?, and diesel electricity? The criteria for all those present vary and a pointless argument is obtained.
              1. rasteer
                rasteer 19 February 2017 10: 06
                +1
                Put another engine and all?
                If you argue like this, such articles will generally become meaningless, simply because we will all reduce to a slow evolution from muscle traction to nuclear and electrical.
                The nuclear rector has radically changed the principles of using submarines, so the Nautilus has the right to be on this list as well as the B-67. Prior to these boats, the tactics of using boats did not undergo drastic changes since they were too resource-dependent and could not threaten continental infrastructure.
          3. KaPToC
            KaPToC 18 February 2017 17: 23
            +2
            Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
            To the zamvolta of these technoogies simply did not exist.

            Is that what you joked about?
          4. AllXVahhaB
            AllXVahhaB 22 February 2017 00: 07
            +2
            Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
            To the zamvolta of these technoogies simply did not exist.

            Well, what is now with these Lockups?
            The program to build a series of 32 multi-functional destroyers completely failed.
            In total, it was decided to build no more than three Zamvolts in the counter-terrorism / shock version (without DBR radar and long-range air defense system).
            And then of the two who entered the station, both have already "broken down." Moreover, the second incident called into question the enormous cost of the new power plant, as the manufacturer justified it with “phenomenal reliability” and promised 100.000 hours of operation until the first breakdown, and it covered itself during the first trip.
        2. Alf
          Alf 18 February 2017 18: 31
          +2
          Quote: dumkopff
          Innovative: HMS Warrior, USS Monitor, PL Narwhal (France-1900), HMS Argus. These ships were truly innovative. They did not repeat - they were the first.

          Another Crab is the world's first underwater mine layer.
        3. Kent0001
          Kent0001 18 February 2017 22: 41
          0
          And not a word about us ... sadness. All breakthrough technologies in the Navy are not ours.
          1. spravochnik
            spravochnik 18 February 2017 23: 57
            +3
            Legally, pr. 58 - RKR "Grozny" and BKP pr. 61 can enter from us legally. They really have largely determined the appearance of post-war fleets.
    2. Cat
      Cat 18 February 2017 07: 14
      +14
      I bet the Korean "turtle armadillo" was also an outstanding vessel for its era, but generally agree!
      Ordinary ships of the time are registered in the article, with 9 out of 10 of Anglo-American origin. If the title of the article says “10 ships that make peace”, then there should be either the first in its class, like Napoleon (Gluar), Monitor, Peter the Great, Drendout, Nautilus, Lenin or iconic ships, for example Bismarck, which kept the entire British fleet in fear or Yamato is the largest and most powerful battleship of WWII! Even our Aurora is a symbol of revolution in value for history higher than the entire top of the list. Think about it In 1917, she fired once from a 6 'gun and for a hundred years already, her partners in hiding have been hiding when her descendants go to Atlantic! crying
    3. KaPToC
      KaPToC 18 February 2017 17: 20
      +7
      Quote: dedBoroded
      In popmechanik and not so write ...

      Natalya Polytsya is not engaged in her own business.
      1. kalibr
        kalibr 18 February 2017 17: 51
        +5
        I was touched by "guns" ...
    4. jumbo
      jumbo 22 February 2017 00: 08
      +1
      Perhaps, Napoleon can be added to the Dreadnought and Nautilus. As for the rest presented in this article, this is what is called an attempt to pull an owl on a globe. Zamvolt’s assessment was clearly in a hurry, only the future will tell, but for the time being it’s not a fact that such ships will be built in the future.
    5. pacific
      pacific 7 December 2017 17: 54
      +2
      An article, of course, no. But (!) This is the first article on naval history written by a woman. Without any sexism, it is rare that women are interested in naval history.
      However, this is the only thing that pleased. Content - almost verbatim quoting from Wiki. Moreover, only the paragraphs about the Dreadnought and Nautilus nuclear submarines do not cause complaints.
  2. kvs207
    kvs207 18 February 2017 06: 33
    +3
    Quote: dedBoroded
    In popmechanik and not write

    Yeah. More than a weird selection.
    I would add Kobukson, and maybe Ark Royal.
  3. Banishing liberoids
    Banishing liberoids 18 February 2017 06: 49
    +13
    Obviously pro-Western article, and written to order. Less author from me - !!!
    1. Cat
      Cat 18 February 2017 07: 20
      +13
      The woman on the ship unfortunately! A woman who made a selection of 10 ships that changed the world? Lord God forbid the "sea wolves" who are reading this article and the walls of their houses, which are "shaking" from violent and past anger.
      R.s. To put it mildly, a selection of ships at the level of the "land worm that has never seen the sea"! Professionals will add five more untranslatable mother tongues again!
      1. Reviews
        Reviews 18 February 2017 08: 49
        +7
        Quote: Kotischa
        The woman on the ship unfortunately! A woman who made a selection of 10 ships that changed the world?

        She did not make any selection. This is an explicit translation of an English-language article, moreover, it is very crooked:

        the guns the ship is equipped with


        was the lead ship of the left division


        Portmouth


        Constitution - the oldest sailing ship in the world, afloat

        Like, there are older oar or steam ...

        "Iron-sided antiquity"

        The generally accepted translation is "Old Iron-faced".

        guns


        equipped with technology unprecedented at that time: screw propulsion system


        firepower decreased
      2. saturn.mmm
        saturn.mmm 18 February 2017 10: 02
        0
        Quote: Kotischa
        To put it mildly, a selection of ships at the level of the "land worm that has never seen the sea"! Professionals will add five more untranslatable mother tongues again!

        Sea wolves are masochists?
        Why are these sea wolves themselves not writing an article but only women criticizing?
        And then Anton Gavrilov promised to write an article for two years and then disappeared from the site.
    2. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 18 February 2017 07: 33
      +5
      Quote: Exorcist Liberoids
      Explicitly pro-Western article

      Any article about achievements and records in the field of the Navy looks unpatriotic

      Domestic achievements there, alas, a little
      1. KaPToC
        KaPToC 18 February 2017 17: 27
        +6
        “Sharks”, “Peter the Great”, “Severodvinsk” - we had and still have top projects, we have something to be proud of.
      2. spravochnik
        spravochnik 19 February 2017 00: 16
        +2
        Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
        Quote: Exorcist Liberoids
        Explicitly pro-Western article

        Any article about achievements and records in the field of the Navy looks unpatriotic

        Domestic achievements there, alas, a little


        No less than American ones.
    3. Alf
      Alf 18 February 2017 18: 33
      +1
      Quote: Expelling Liberoids
      Obviously pro-Western article, and written to order. Less author from me - !!!

      Why a pro-Western article? There the whole magazine is like that. And the fact that he is printed in Russian pro-Western does not diminish him at all.
    4. spravochnik
      spravochnik 19 February 2017 00: 00
      0
      And what surprises you. "PM" has always been distinguished by such articles. And in general, she budded from the American publication of the same name.
  4. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 18 February 2017 07: 46
    +21
    Yes, that’s what happens when a woman .... sorry, a woman makes naval ratings laughing
    Well, Oleg Kaptsov also has his own vision of the world, the American wassat laughing
    In fact, if you take into account exactly what changes your views, then after the “Napoleon” you should place the Aglitz “Warrior”, which was the first real armored iron ship. Then instead of the “Ark Royal” you should place the Aglitz one by the bookmark year Hermes, which was designed and not rebuilt by the first aircraft carrier yes “Ayrva” didn’t sew to one place the sleeve at all - an ordinary battleship, even one of the most powerful request The only thing is that he is American (because Americans are exceptional, right?). According to the concept, de facto, the first fleet battleship was the Aglitz “Hood”. "Iowa" is essentially his follower, by no means a trendsetter wassat
    The first ships (boats, but formally destroyers) that used torpedoes were Russian. Changed some views on the war at sea? Have changed.
    The first underwater minzag, the raid "Crab" to consider innovation? In my opinion
    So I do not consider such ratings as an axiom. There are more than seven billion people in the world, which means more than seven billion ratings. And even if you make ratings, then according to specific criteria, rather than shoving things that the author likes yes
    Article minus repeat
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 18 February 2017 07: 58
      +3
      Michael, I agree

      Pair of add-ons
      Quote: Rurikovich
      “Ayrva” didn’t sew to one place the sleeve at all - an ordinary battleship, even one of the most powerful

      Objectively, the most powerful and perfect LC was British Vanguard
      Quote: Rurikovich
      According to the concept, de facto, the first high-speed battleship was the Aglitsky “Hood”.

      No, "Tiger" and his Japanese followers - "Congo"!

      Sparn on 30 nodes, main caliber - 356 mm
      Quote: Rurikovich
      The first ships (boats, but formally destroyers), using torpedoes, were Russian

      Torpedo Whitehead, have you heard?
      in 1868, Whitehead presented a sample of torpedoes — with coaxial propellers and hydrostat — adopted, after some refinement, by the Austro-Hungarian fleet in 1871.
      1. Rurikovich
        Rurikovich 18 February 2017 08: 17
        +2
        Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
        No, "Tiger" and his Japanese followers - "Congo"!

        Let me disagree a little. "Tiger" is a continuation of the line of the class of battlecruisers (in the English sense) and "Congo", which were designed on the basis of the drawings of the "Tiger" are the same cruisers .... Their skin is too thin yes 229mm at the Tiger, and the Japanese even less - 203mm request The “Hood” received 15 “guns of battleships, which is much more significant, received high speed, and received a thicker armor of 305 mm. All this“ thanks to the “Jutlan battle, when the British lost the hopelessness of the class of battlecruisers and the slowness of battleships (a great“ five ” “Baremov” with their 24 nodes in the future also becomes obsolete.) Therefore, it is “Hood” that is the progenitor of high-speed battleships of the 30s and 40s of the XNUMXth century yes Although he stubbornly continued to be called a battlecruiser request
        Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
        Torpedo Whitehead, have you heard?

        I heard. It was it that was used. But we are not considering weapons models, but ships. The Chinese formally invented the rocket, but everyone uses wink

        Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
        Objectively, the most powerful and perfect LC was British Vanguard

        yes In terms of project development. Especially regarding the reservation.
        1. Santa Fe
          Santa Fe 18 February 2017 08: 44
          +2
          Quote: Rurikovich
          They are too thin skin

          They are just younger

          The starting point was the Dreadnought, the rest only developed the idea. Linear-elevated location of the towers, speed, armor, weapons
          Quote: Rurikovich
          But we are not looking at weapons samples, but ships.

          Lightning vs Blast
          Quote: Rurikovich
          Especially in terms of booking.

          3000 tons of splinter protection)))

          22 radar

          Рwell developed evacuation and counter flood systems, absorbed the whole experience of the war years six independent posts of energy and struggle for survivability, four turbo-generators of 480 kW and four diesel generators of 450 kW, located in eight compartments dispersed throughout the ship. For comparison, the American “Iowa” had only two emergency diesel generators of 250 kW each (for the sake of justice, the “American women” had two echelons of GEM and eight main turbogenerators).

          Next: the alternation of boiler rooms and turbine units in “staggered order”, separation of lines of internal and external shafts from 10,2 to 15,7 meters, remote hydraulic control of steam line valves, ensuring the operation of turbines even in the case of complete (!) Flooding of turbine compartments ...
          1. Rurikovich
            Rurikovich 18 February 2017 13: 20
            +2
            Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
            The starting point was the Dreadnought, the rest only developed the idea. Linear-elevated location of the towers, speed, armor, weapons

            Well then, “Iowa” is not worth remembering - it’s after all a descendant of the Dreadnought and no non-epoch-making ship yes
            Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
            3000 tons of splinter protection)))

            22 radar

            A developed pumping and counter-flood system, which absorbed the entire experience of the war years, six independent posts in the field of energy and durability, four turbo-generators of 480 kW and four diesel generators of 450 kW, located in eight compartments distributed throughout the ship. For comparison, the American “Iowa” had only two emergency diesel generators of 250 kW each (for the sake of justice, the “American women” had two echelons of GEM and eight main turbogenerators).

            Next: the alternation of boiler rooms and turbine units in “staggered order”, separation of lines of internal and external shafts from 10,2 to 15,7 meters, remote hydraulic control of steam line valves, ensuring the operation of turbines even in the case of complete (!) Flooding of turbine compartments ...

            I said that I have nothing against request hi
    2. saturn.mmm
      saturn.mmm 18 February 2017 10: 29
      +2
      Quote: Rurikovich
      Yes, that’s what happens when a woman .... sorry, a woman makes naval ratings

      Women have to make ratings, men do not do this, critics, Kaptsov is an exception.
      You can recall more hovercraft.
  5. The comment was deleted.
  6. engineer74
    engineer74 18 February 2017 07: 50
    +1
    The Zamvolt was designed to change the Iowa class battleships.

    But! what We are waiting for comments by O. Kaptsov ... wink
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 18 February 2017 08: 12
      +4
      Quote: engineer74
      The Zamvolt was designed to change the Iowa class battleships.

      To change the previous type of destroyers
    2. pacific
      pacific 7 December 2017 17: 57
      +1
      I also remembered Oleg Kaptsov after reading this. wink
  7. tchoni
    tchoni 18 February 2017 09: 09
    +3
    Correct me stupid, but, in my opinion, this is a brief retelling of one of the Discovery programs. Maybe it was easier to give a link to YouTube?
  8. sxfRipper
    sxfRipper 18 February 2017 09: 55
    0
    It's a pity that Cher was not added to the selection on Missouri lol
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKiCj1BUKF4
  9. Niccola Mack
    Niccola Mack 18 February 2017 10: 03
    +8
    Iowa still maintains the status of the largest, fastest and most powerful battleship ever used in battle

    Yusovtsy’s patriotism is certainly rushing - but the facts are still talking about “Yamato”!
  10. parusnik
    parusnik 18 February 2017 10: 16
    +5
    It was easier to make a link to YouTube and place the material in the photo video section ... The material is not complete .. the Ukranian navy forgot ... It’s generally ahead of the rest ..
  11. vvp2412
    vvp2412 18 February 2017 11: 14
    0
    Natalya forgot to add that Zumvolt will not shoot her artillery system. Because shells are fabulously expensive! Expensive even for the USA!
  12. Kenneth
    Kenneth 18 February 2017 11: 18
    +1
    Sounds like a bad translation.
    1. Reviews
      Reviews 18 February 2017 22: 44
      +2
      Quote: Kenneth
      Sounds like a bad translation.


      This is it.
  13. Medium
    Medium 18 February 2017 11: 21
    +6
    When will the section “Murzilkines military stories” or better “Children's military art?” Be opened on the site After all, children also need to develop. There you can also publish photos of collections of candy wrappers on military subjects, sketches of hand-made pistols, airplanes and ships.
    And today's article will occupy the most worthy place there.
  14. Freeman
    Freeman 18 February 2017 14: 06
    0
    Hunley, CSS HL Hunley, 1863 - Confederate submarine built during the US Civil War. This is not the first submarine in the world, but one of the first to successfully prove itself in battle.


    Feature film Submarine (Hanley) / Submarine Hanley watch online for free
    http://onlainfilm.ucoz.ua/load/podlodka_khanli_su
    bmarina_khanli_smotret_onlajn / 3-1-0-26024
  15. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
    Andrei from Chelyabinsk 18 February 2017 16: 58
    +5
    M-ya .... Another work of a man who knows nothing about the fleet, but for some reason writes. Horror.
  16. WapentakeLokki
    WapentakeLokki 18 February 2017 17: 09
    +2
    It’s strange with such a clear love of afftors who forgot that Monitor and Virginia were the same, but they were really new class ships, but in addition I can remember the zooper wunderwafel ruins underwater chowka the Seagull on which went through the Black Sea mustache (I don’t remember how it their mov is correct) oce being kindly choven than not a topic for an article
  17. KaPToC
    KaPToC 18 February 2017 17: 32
    +1
    To praise bullshit Burke just because there are a lot of them is a strong move.
  18. nobody45
    nobody45 18 February 2017 17: 36
    0
    Quote: Avis


    Constitution - the oldest sailing ship in the world, afloat

    Like, there are older oar or steam ...

    It seems to me that the article explicitly says “Being afloat” (that is, all the other sailing and rowing-walking earlier designs were not preserved before Us)
    1. Reviews
      Reviews 18 February 2017 22: 46
      +1
      Quote: nobody45
      all the others sailing and rowing-walking earlier designs to Us were not preserved)

      And? .. :)
      Why, then, mention the parameter "sailing"?
    2. pacific
      pacific 7 December 2017 18: 01
      +1
      The USS Constitution is one of the oldest (if not the most) ships in the world, officially included in the list of existing fleet ships.
  19. Catherine II
    Catherine II 18 February 2017 17: 53
    +5
    Actually, this is a cycle, the same as on Discovery and BBS. 10 battles that changed the world, 10 rifles, 10 best tanks and so on. That is a sample of 10 units and influence. And since all this is chosen by people, everything is subjective.
    At the beginning of the article is indicated from rafts. THERE is only 1 representative already 1520 year ... and all the rest are almost contemporaries. To avoid slippery patriotism, you need to make collections on VO exclusively without the modern period (although the fastest submarine, for example, or the largest, fall into the Discovery ratings)
    I would like to see something like
    Ancient Greek ram (influence on history - battle of Salamis)
    Ancient Roman raven (influence on history - Victories in the Punic Wars)
    Ancient Roman siphon (influence on the history of the Battle of Panorm, only five Rhodes ships and two allied braid ships could break out of the bay, which broke through the enemy ships, scaring them with fire shells by the invention of the deceased Pausistratus).
    1. Rurikovich
      Rurikovich 18 February 2017 18: 15
      +5
      Quote: Catherine II
      Ancient Greek ram (influence on history - battle of Salamis)
      Ancient Roman raven (influence on history - Victories in the Punic Wars)
      Ancient Roman siphon (influence on the history of the Battle of Panorm, only five Rhodes ships and two allied braid ships could break out of the bay, which broke through the enemy ships, scaring them with fire shells by the invention of the deceased Pausistratus).

      Then America was not and such a rating will not be valid wink wassat
      1. Svarog51
        Svarog51 22 February 2017 05: 05
        +11
        Then America was not and such a rating will not be valid

        - In the area of ​​maneuvers, a submarine of unknown design was discovered! All full back!
        “Trouble” forgot to mention her cheerful crew. One yacht dispersed all the fleets. wink repeat
  20. Barakuda
    Barakuda 18 February 2017 23: 34
    +2
    Of course, I'm not an expert, so simple - I'm interested. That's just what for to skip such articles, for a change of those who can not get into Wikipedia? I crushed somehow "IN" sad I am like a sukhootny, but we were taught this infe 25 years ago. (well, there, besides the zivvolt) Or does "EG" really affect the brain?
  21. Barakuda
    Barakuda 19 February 2017 00: 10
    0
    And how many Rooks of the Slavic (THE SCANDINAVIAN DOESN'T PASS ON THE PARAMETERS? Yes, and have not yet found a single one) have besieged Constantinople? The author does not find the topic?
  22. ukoft
    ukoft 19 February 2017 09: 57
    0
    I would put something else from antiquity and the Middle Ages. galleys of the Venetians and Athenians. slanting ships
  23. Maegrom
    Maegrom 19 February 2017 13: 32
    0
    I believe in such an article it is necessary to indicate exactly the ships that influenced shipbuilding, set the trend.
    For example: the first French sailing seventies and stackers, the first frigate, the First Linear cruisers of the dreadnought era, the first destroyers with missile weapons, the first missile submarines, this is in fact a much bigger step than a nuclear reactor, the submarine became a strategic weapon instead of a tactical one. Both Yamato and Iowa indicated did not affect shipbuilding in any way. Rather, a Monitor should be here or Devanstation.
    1. rasteer
      rasteer 19 February 2017 20: 05
      0
      the first missile submarines, this is in fact a much bigger step than a nuclear reactor,
      Without a nuclear reactor, a submarine would never have become a strategic weapon, and the reasons here are commonplace. Diesel, for all its economy, requires fuel and the larger the vessel the more it is needed; submarines with 10 or more ICBMs cannot be small. The emerging problem of autonomy is solved by refueling from supply vessels, but this leads to the unmasking of boats, which is not acceptable for strategists. The second problem of diesel missile carriers arises from the first, the useful internal volume of submarines is greatly reduced due to fuel and batteries, and the more autonomy we want, the more we will spend. So the nuclear reactor changed the concept of using submarines, making them first truly autonomous. and secondly, freed up the internal volumes so necessary for ICBMs.
  24. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 20 February 2017 15: 33
    +2
    Supplement with a photo of the USS Constitution.
    I went aboard in Boston. Because of
    this is the current ship of the American Navy, checks,
    like at the airport. The little penknife I solemnly
    confiscated and after that (as a potential terrorist)
    additionally searched. I don’t know how outstanding the ship is, but
    interesting, on the go, and guns are still scorching on holidays.
  25. tomket
    tomket 21 February 2017 00: 28
    +4
    The article is weak and biased. Of the listed ships, only three really influenced the development of the fleets, the rest were simply attributed by the author without the slightest attempt to sort out the issue. Since the “Victory” was an ordinary battleship of its era, the “Constitution” is also an unremarkable ship that has survived to the present day. What successful attack can Hanley say if it sank right there? Hermes is considered to be the first designed aircraft carrier, and the author apparently does not even know about the first Japanese José that entered service. “Iowa” was not the largest battleship involved in the battle, and it was more a “swan song” of battleships than a ship that changed something there. To claim that Zamvolt has changed something in the Navy there is how to give Obama a peace prize in advance. In general, the author counts for preparation, for bias and for unjustified American worship.
  26. a-cola
    a-cola 21 February 2017 09: 10
    +2
    Another original arrogant rating. In addition to them, no one built anything worthwhile. Unless Koreans, and even then in ancient times. The main thing is to advertise your nonsense once again. It's disgusting ...
  27. Loki_2
    Loki_2 21 February 2017 17: 17
    +2
    I understand the author correctly that Russia / the USSR did not have ships that changed the idea of ​​the Navy?
  28. jonht
    jonht 22 February 2017 03: 10
    +2
    I would definitely add here the first icebreaker Ermak, the first atomic icebreaker Lenin (he is the first atomic surface ship). The destroyer Novik, the nuclear submarine Komsomolets and the nuclear submarine of the Lira project (with metal halide reactors). Here are the characteristics of these ships have identified whole areas in shipbuilding.
  29. Svarog51
    Svarog51 22 February 2017 05: 29
    +8
    I would like to ask the opinion of professionals (since it is purely land) about this ekranoplan. Can it be considered "changed the idea of ​​the Navy"?
    The sea can walk, weapons are available. Moreover, it flies.
    1. Reviews
      Reviews 22 February 2017 10: 04
      +1
      Quote: Svarog51
      I would like to ask the opinion of professionals (since it is purely land) about this ekranoplan. Can it be considered "changed the idea of ​​the Navy"?
      The sea can walk, weapons are available. Moreover, it flies.

      Because, “Luni” were never taken into service and, even built in the number of one and a half copies (because, one remained unfinished), then talking about their influence is incorrect. Personally, I believe that only the bad will refuse a missile boat traveling at the speed of an airplane. Including, I think, “Looney” would find their niche and greatly change the balance of forces in coastal waters.
      1. Svarog51
        Svarog51 22 February 2017 10: 51
        +9
        His conceptual airborne "brother" - "Eaglet" was adopted in 1979. True, it was part of the naval aviation and it was practically impossible to serve them.
        1. Reviews
          Reviews 22 February 2017 11: 31
          +1
          Quote: Svarog51
          His conceptual airborne "brother" - "Eaglet" was adopted in 1979. True, it was part of the naval aviation and it was practically impossible to serve them.

          A man asked about a military ekranoplan. And so, yes, it’s more logical to attribute “Eaglet” to the same units where all kinds of SVP have settled.
  30. xomaNN
    xomaNN 25 June 2017 14: 02
    -1
    The author has such a "dozen." Her right. May everyone make up their own list, do not peck the author, she deserves respect at least for her interest in the history of the Fleet! belay
    1. pacific
      pacific 7 December 2017 18: 24
      +2
      The article is called
      10 legendary warships that changed the concept of the Navy
      .
      So what are the claims for criticism? Of the listed only, LC Dreadnought and Nautilus nuclear submarines correspond to the declared theme. Iowa is simply a development of the concept of all big gun ship, first embodied in the same Dreadnought. All sailboats (HMS Victory, USS Constitution) - nothing new in design. Here we should recall the HMS Royal Sovereign (Sovereign of the Seas), built 150 years earlier and defining the basic principles of the multi-deck architecture of all subsequent sailing battleships and frigates. LC Napoleon is one of the dozens built in those years of ships with a mechanical engine and propulsion. There is nothing new, legendary and conceptual in it. HMS Ark Royal is one of many aircraft carriers from different countries, rebuilt from LC and KR after the Washington Conference. PL Hanley - what is legendary or conceptual about her? And why not the Turtle submarine, built there in the same years?
      USS Zumwalt today is "legendary" only the most expensive R&D with the lowest efficiency.
  31. urman
    urman 15 November 2017 08: 39
    0
    And this is what delights me in the Americans.
    The fact that they have a lot of museum ships, and WWII planes flying,
    and all of us forever scrapping some pictures for memory remain.
    From the ships of Aurora, Kutuzov, but now probably Kerch
    I’m silent about airplanes,
    I watched some kind of transfer from them, even our I16 and MiG 15 fly, and there are plenty of our own
    That's how we don't care about our History ..
  32. pacific
    pacific 7 December 2017 17: 17
    +2
    Scientific delirium with a claim to analyticity.
    Ms. Natalya can only be credited with the fact that she at least read something on the history of the fleet (which, in general, is rare for a woman).
    To begin with, the Kobuksons presumably sheathed with metal plates. And that is why around them there is a semi-legendary halo of the world's first "battleships". However, on drakkaras and Russian combat boats, the sides were closed with warriors' hinged shields - also a kind of “armor”.

    HMS Victory did not introduce anything fundamentally new to the development of the fleet. It should be said, rather, about the Royal Sovereign, built a century earlier - it was on it, as I recall, that artillery was first placed on several decks.

    Konstityushen - nothing new, except for the increased thickness of the sides. In the 1780s, we had similar “big” frigates on the Black Sea, as It was impossible to build full-fledged battleships in Azov and Taganrog. It is possible that the idea itself was borrowed from the Russian Black Sea Fleet, because It was at the end of the 18th century that the "great" Ov Admiral John Paul Jones served in the Black Sea Fleet. Now I don’t remember exactly, but it’s just lazy to look for the source, but its “iron side” was the result of the staff’s inability to build large sailing ships - they put on it a thicker side skin, which is called “with a margin”. And this ship can only be credited with the fact that it is indeed the oldest ship on the lists of the operating fleet.

    “Napoleon” - I don’t even want to comment. It is possible that at the time of launching it was the largest ship with a steam engine. But neither "legendary" nor "change of view" he was definitely not.

    Ark Royal, too, was nothing revolutionary. If we talk about aircraft carriers, then first of all about Hermes - the first aircraft carrier of special construction.

    Submarines right up to the WWII were considered as an exotic type of self-propelled torpedo tubes. Only after the U-9 attack on September 22, 1914 under the command of O. Veddigen, submarines began to be seen as a formidable weapon.

    Iowa LK and its sisterships (all 4 museum ships in different ports of the USA now) were indeed the last battleships that were part of the fleet. But they didn’t differ from the Dreadnought in principle: everything was the same all big gun ship, only the caliber was larger, the armor was thicker, the speed was higher, plus all kinds of electronic buns and bells and whistles.

    And about Zamvolt - generally enchantingly written. Especially liked
    Zamvolt was designed to change the Iowa class battleships,
    God forbid that this statement Oleg Kaptsov caught my eye No.

    No complaints, only notes on the Dreadnought and Nautilus
  33. pacific
    pacific 7 December 2017 17: 46
    +1
    If we talk about the ships that "changed the idea of ​​the Navy", then first of all we need to recall the names of the ships, whose names became common nouns:
    - "Monitor"
    “The Dreadnought.”
    Then - the first ones built in its class:
    - aircraft carriers "Hermes" and "Jose",
    - underwater minzag "Crab"
    And also the first to use the new weapon most effectively and effectively:
    - U-9 submarine (Veddigen attack),
    - English boats of the Tornicroft company (attack by Ostend in 1917 and Kronshtad in 1919),
    - missile boats pr.183R (the sinking of EM "Eilat" cruise missiles).
    I would also add:
    - EM "Novik"
    - landing barge "Elpidifor" - they set the trend, which is still developing entire classes of ships.
    PS Counted - it turned out 9 ships. Can the "first EDB" Peter the Great "add?