Military Review

Personnel situation in the Russian Armed Forces

35
Colonel-General Viktor Goremykin, Chief of the Personnel Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, gave an interviewTo the News”In which he answered the pressing questions concerning the personnel sphere of the country's armed forces: staffing with officers, training officers, number of contract soldiers.

Personnel situation in the Russian Armed Forces


- A couple of years ago, the problem of the lack of officers in the Russian Armed Forces was quite acute. Did you solve it?
- I want to say at once: there is no longer any acute problem with the recruitment of officers. But, admittedly, there were certain difficulties. Although the recruitment of cadets to military schools did not stop, until recently they were not enough to fill all primary officer positions. But in the next year, 2018, the first full-fledged release of lieutenants will arrive in the army in the last five years.
In 2009 – 2012, the formation of the so-called “new look” was carried out in the Armed Forces. An important place in this reform was occupied by the optimization of officer positions. Their numbers have become smaller. Also, some officer positions were replaced by sergeants, foremen, and even civilian positions.
Therefore, significantly reduced the need for training officers. The number of cadets in universities has also decreased. For a number of specialties in which military posts were not provided for, training was stopped altogether. Therefore, until recently, we had a certain personnel shortage.
But today, with a small number of issues from military schools, we have used additional sources of staffing officers. They allowed us to recruit more than 7 officers in the Armed Forces. In particular, we are talking about the admission to military service under a contract of personnel officers in the reserve. All of them have the same military training, the same rights and social guarantees, like other officers undergoing military service under the contract. And their career depends entirely on success in service and the subsequent increase in the level of education and military training.
We also found extraordinary and at the same time effective approaches to maintaining the staffing of a number of other officer positions. For example, in 2016, for the first time, pilots from engineering officers with higher education were trained. These are people who have graduated from specialized military universities, who thoroughly know the structure of the aircraft and the principles of operation of its mechanisms. Their professional retraining took a year and a half.
Last year the first release of newly-fledged pilots came to the troops. Today, 50 are still being trained by such servicemen. In the line of the Air Force command, I think their flight career is well planned.
Another innovation is the training of short-term courses at military academies and colleges of officers - platoon commanders from a number of soldiers and sergeants under a contract with a higher education. In general, all recruitment sources allowed us in 2016 to recruit more than 11 thousand officers. We believe that all of them will remain in service until the start of full-fledged graduations from our universities in 2018.



- How many are fired from the Armed Forces?
- An equally important task in the maintenance of staffing is the preservation of experienced officers motivated for military service. This work last year had a positive effect. For the year, the number of early dismissed officers was reduced significantly - almost twice.
To avoid early dismissal helps personal approach, individual work with each dismissed officer. Commanders need to pay attention to the life and concerns of subordinates, take all measures not to lose the present and future of the Armed Forces.
Another very important task is the preservation of young officers and especially university graduates. The work of planning their meeting begins today. We synchronize the work of commanders, personnel, housing, financial bodies and other interested structures. It includes internships at the place of future service, the solution of issues of housing, employment of family members, setting for all types of allowances, assistance in official and professional adaptation.
Next year, in addition to the traditional graduations in June and July, in a number of universities of the Ground Forces, the first graduations will take place in March and also in December. Winter and spring graduates will be for graduates of team specialties transferred to four-year training programs. These are the officers of the motorized rifle, tank troops and a number of other specialties of the Ground Forces.

- Until recently, future officers were trained for five years. How will the four-year study now be organized?
- Yes, indeed, until recently at the Ministry of Defense of Russia the period of study for all specialties was five years. But now, in certain specialties of the command profile of the Ground Forces, the period for mastering the basic educational programs has become four years. At the same time, neither the volume, nor the content, nor the level of the education received are changed.
The name of the civil specialty in the four-year program of study corresponds to the profile of the educational program "Human Resource Management". Without false modesty, I can say that we have taken a good pace of recruitment of cadets to universities. This is the most important task of prospective staff recruitment by officers.
This year, universities will be staffed with a variable composition completely. This will take into account the need to recruit and new formations, and troops to be re-equipped with modern equipment.
Now for the training of future officers, we are actively introducing new forms of training. In particular, since September last year's 1, the training of students and cadets of military schools has been switched to e-textbooks and teaching aids.

- Russian education has switched to the Bologna system. And how does this process go in military schools?
- I want to emphasize that in the universities of the Ministry of Defense the same standards of higher education are implemented as in civil ones. In military schools, undergraduate programs are not trained. According to the specialty programs, we train future tactical officers. The master's course is designed for the issue of operational-tactical specialists in military academies, as well as in the Academy of the General Staff - the operational-strategic level.
In military schools cadets master the program of a specialist. Such graduates occupy junior officer positions - platoon commander, battery, and also company or battalion level. For further promotion you need to master the master's program in the profile academy. This already opens the way to the post of commander of a regiment or brigade, deputy commander of a division. To be appointed to the highest officer positions, it is required to master the graduate program of the Military Academy of the General Staff.

- Talk about the transition of the Russian army on a contract method of recruitment have been going for a long time. What is the situation now?
- At once I want to note that increasing the number of contract servicemen, as well as ensigns and midshipmen, is the most important state task. It is defined by the May Program Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 604 of 2012.
The targets for the selection and enrollment of citizens for military service under the contract in 2016 were fulfilled by 100%. The established parameter of the manning of the Armed Forces with military personnel under the contract is achieved. This made it possible to staff almost 384 thousand posts.
On 100% staffed by sergeant positions. The majority of those sent for military service under the contract are up to 30 years old, they have a high or good level of neuropsychic stability. Today, at the positions of privates and sergeants, 67% of military personnel have vocational education (higher or secondary vocational).
The number of people admitted to military service under a contract with higher education is growing every year. In the 2016 year compared with the previous year, it increased by 2%.
To attract and work with candidates today, 83 selection points for contract military service are operating throughout the country. Two of them (in Kandalaksha of the Murmansk region and in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the Armed Forces "Patriot") were opened in 2016 year.

35 comments
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  1. weksha50
    weksha50 15 February 2017 10: 11
    +12
    " In 2016, the first training of pilots from engineers and technical personnel with higher education was carried out. These are people who have graduated from specialized military universities, who thoroughly know the structure of the aircraft and the principles of its mechanisms"...

    One might think that in our Air Force-VKS there was an oversupply of IAS specialists ... Now they are not just pilots-pilots, but, by land concepts, a driver, not drivers ... They can even eliminate any damage in the air ...
    No, that's what Russia has always been strong about - so is the unpredictability of the decisions made ... Especially at the level of "princes" -the heads ... Well this is necessary - they have found a way out ...
    But on the other hand, not a word about the training of future specialists of the same IAS ... How many schools were cut and destroyed at the time ...
    1. Alex_Tug
      Alex_Tug 15 February 2017 10: 31
      +1
      not a word about the training of future specialists of the same IAS

      IAS can be prepared in civilian universities - in aviation universities. Even in Afghanistan, helicopter flight equipment had jackets.
      1. Vita vko
        Vita vko 15 February 2017 10: 43
        +14
        Quote: Alex_Tug
        IAS can be prepared in civilian universities

        In this case, all military engineering specialties can be trained in civilian universities. This is the path to the Western military engineering support system. The last step will be outsourcing - the transfer to civilian enterprises of the entire system of maintenance of arms and military equipment. This will lead to the fact that all commanders will become push-button, suffering from technical cretinism and helpless on the field more, will abandon equipment at the slightest emergency. In general, it is a disaster, from the beginning financial, and then military.
        1. Lara Croft
          Lara Croft 10 November 2018 01: 07
          +2
          Quote: Vita VKO
          Quote: Alex_Tug
          IAS can be prepared in civilian universities

          In this case, all military engineering specialties can be trained in civilian universities. This is the path to the Western military engineering support system.

          Exactly. The "westernization" of the RF Armed Forces has been going on for a long time, and it did not start today. Have you heard about the technical command of the US Army?
      2. dauria
        dauria 15 February 2017 10: 59
        +7
        IAS can be prepared in civilian universities


        Precisely, and save more, let them pay for their studies. laughing In the USSR of the 80s there was a shortage in some districts, including schools. Just offhand in one Kiev there were 7 schools (with Suvorov). And also Chernihiv, Kharkov, Poltava, Riga and many more where in the republics.
        Why be afraid? Just think, frames. Over in Germany, Moscow Region is a gynecologist, we have a builder who has slanted from the SA. We survive.
      3. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 15 February 2017 18: 51
        +3
        IAS can be prepared in civilian universities - in aviation universities.

        In this case, all military engineering specialties can be trained in civilian universities.

        Precisely, and save more, let them pay for their studies.

        What are civilian universities? In them, for the most part, military departments were closed.
        In general, most of the comments on this information about Army personnel are encouraging. People understand the essence of the ongoing failed personnel policy of the Moscow Region. Less has become "cheers-patriots." Have you really started to include brains in the comments when discussing? God grant that it be so.
        In aviation. The retraining of IAS specialists in pilots in the modern Moscow Defense Ministry is a masterpiece of stupidity and lack of discipline in our manual.
        A few years ago they fired, were not accepted into flight schools, and not only this concerns aviation, but also all other military specialties, and now they are restoring by any means what they themselves destroyed, destroyed.
        Tell all this to normal intelligent people, they will only turn a finger at the temple about the mental abilities of our leadership.
      4. Flyer_64
        Flyer_64 21 February 2017 14: 26
        +1
        Military department closed. Jackets still need to be retrained. What nonsense are you talking about. The system of universities that was before the reform was quite consistent. Afghan is a different story. Then the Mamlei externs were released from the Syzran VVAUL. Goremykin is lying, the problem is acute. The crisis lowered everyone by 2.5 times. Young disappointed in the service of running. Only in October-November did the merchants travel from Russia to the BBO to offer to be drafted from the reserve. As the storytellers from MO have already tired.
    2. kirieeleyson
      kirieeleyson 15 February 2017 10: 37
      +4
      I like it when they talk about problems, but such pearls like “bottlenecks” or “there are private excesses in places” I don’t even know how to interpret. Some are more politicians than top ranks. It’s clear that they gather all who can be gathered, and then the news was a cut - a new division / regiment was created. They are manned according to the staff of the SV division, new regiments are introduced along with equipment in the aerospace forces in the Far East. And this is in the year 16.
    3. Iline
      Iline 15 February 2017 10: 56
      +6
      Technicians transferred to flying positions during the times of the USSR, it was a common practice. Well, for example, in the position of an onboard engineer, or senior air gunner-radio operator, etc.
      Another thing is that this was not done to the detriment of the IAS service. Although there were big problems at that time. In my service, sometimes the shortage reached 25%. Only this shortage was well compensated by more or less adequate staffs. And now, even if the service group is preparing the squadron's planes for flights in full force, there is already a lot of tension. But people go on vacation, in outfits, and sometimes get sick. And then the hassle begins with the involvement of specialists from other squadrons and TEC with the writing of the relevant orders.
      Another interesting thing. Under Defense Minister Serdyukov, the military education system and army personnel were under the jurisdiction of his deputy army general Nikolai Pankov.
      You will probably laugh, but Nikolai Pankov is today the Deputy Minister of Defense. And in the role of the state secretary of the military department, she continues to oversee the education system and personnel work. And even with all his might drags them out of the swamp. Only now - under Shoigu.
    4. spiriolla-45
      spiriolla-45 15 February 2017 13: 26
      +4
      What is war with us? So they trained pilots during the war years. This is how it was necessary to * flight schools to resort to such a thing?
  2. Roust
    Roust 15 February 2017 10: 15
    +3
    Honor and Glory to the Officers Corps of our valiant Russian Armed Forces !!! All with the upcoming holiday Defender of the Fatherland !!! There is such a profession - to defend the homeland!
    1. aszzz888
      aszzz888 15 February 2017 10: 27
      +2
      Roust


      I'm certainly not against the holiday and congratulations ... but isn’t it too early? Or from the principle - we will begin earlier, later we will finish!
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 15 February 2017 10: 25
    +1
    Another innovation is the training on short-term courses of military academies and schools of officers - platoon commanders from among soldiers and sergeants under a contract with higher education.


    ... and this is the right decision. People will go, you just need to interest both morally and financially !!!
    1. Glory1974
      Glory1974 15 February 2017 10: 37
      +4
      Another innovation is the training on short-term courses of military academies and schools of officers - platoon commanders from among soldiers and sergeants under a contract with higher education.


      ... and this is the right decision. People will go, you just need to interest both morally and financially !!!


      This is the right decision from a state point of view. If only it didn’t work out “We wanted the best, but it turned out as always”.
      In the 90-s, they also trained such platoon commanders at accelerated courses, 3-s and 6-months, when there was no one to fight in Chechnya. People unlearned, won, grew up to be major captains, entrenched in the army, and then the team was given to all dismiss as "unpromising" for the army.
      1. aszzz888
        aszzz888 15 February 2017 11: 58
        0
        In the 90s, they also trained such platoon commanders at accelerated courses, 3 and 6 months old, when there was no one to fight in Chechnya


        Yes, I agree. But they were the "dashing" 90s! From the derivative "famously", i.e. bad, bad ... Now is another time, other state leaders, other defense ministers ...
    2. Flyer_64
      Flyer_64 21 February 2017 14: 29
      0
      this is a particularity, not a common practice, twice represented two sensible, rejected both times, now they are paid in absentia in the military to receive the rank of officer
      1. Lara Croft
        Lara Croft 10 November 2018 01: 23
        +1
        Quote: Letun_64
        this is a particularity, not a common practice, twice represented two sensible, rejected both times, now paid in the military study in absentia to get the rank of officer

        And what can you learn for a fee at VVUZ?
        1. Flyer_64
          Flyer_64 10 November 2018 22: 33
          0
          Quote: Lara Croft
          And what can you learn for a fee at VVUZ?

          Can.
  4. AID.S
    AID.S 15 February 2017 10: 38
    0
    In 2016, the first training of pilots from engineers and technical personnel with higher education was carried out.

    Do they go through health?
  5. andr327
    andr327 15 February 2017 10: 43
    +5
    Maybe according to the reports at the top, it’s good, but looking at the real state, I can’t believe it somehow. The conditions of service for officers (especially the younger ones) are terrible. Due to the shortage of junior officers, the loads are not really high, the cares and life of the subordinate commanders are not very interesting. Most of the contractors did not become the support of the officers, and the command staff does not trust them, shifting their tasks to the junior officers. The conducted optimization of the officers is very far from ideal (or rather, just the norm).
    And the officers will understand me: the pinjack will still remain a pinjack (guys just do not be offended, you guys are very heroic in something)
    1. dauria
      dauria 15 February 2017 11: 31
      +4
      And the officers will understand me: the pinjack will still remain a pinjack


      Yes there were all kinds. And scoundrels, and smart working guys. Rarely remained, mainly those whose housing was a problem in civilian life. In army aviation, everything was quickly smoothed out. Well, a man did not go away for five years in boots on guards and bedside tables. If normal, and even special - the work equalized everyone. And it was very up to a fig. Now I can’t even imagine how and what they will lure the stubborn single-minded guy who has unlearned (possibly for his hard-earned money) at a university somewhere in Mogochu or Ticket.
      1. RomanRVV
        RomanRVV 15 February 2017 12: 40
        +3
        The situation was similar in the technical divisions of the Strategic Missile Forces. A “jacket”, a graduate of a Dnepropetrovsk university, served with me in a group of a technical missile base. So they were honed as potential personnel for the manufacturer of "products" - Yuzhmash. The comrade knew the missile system before the rivet and his career was much better than that of many personnel.
  6. astronom1973n
    astronom1973n 15 February 2017 10: 45
    +9
    Without fear of incurring anger, I can say that the majority of personnel officers are the cunning ones. Working (and not serving) is mostly in their interests. Above the personnel is only the sun, they said so. Of course there are responsible officers, but .... Remember people serving how transfers were made from place to place, how they were assigned ranks and appointed to posts! oooh ... the story is silent about this. And Goremykin, a guy from high society, is no exception to the rule. You can talk and argue that Serdyukov is so not good, and everyone around him was white white and fluffy but! Of the huge mass of officers walking roughly the knife of reform, it was possible and it was necessary to distinguish excellent able-bodied specialists. What was not done, who could get in, and the rest, walk, walk the guy! That hole was formed, what it was plugged into is nothing he doesn’t say that the quality of the “new look” personnel delivered in particular is not particularly flattering. We’ll wait and see what’s next, I would like it to not repeat on June 22, and the situation with the training of officer personnel at all command levels as before the start of the war 1941 g Yes.
    1. kunstkammer
      kunstkammer 15 February 2017 12: 03
      +5
      and I’m not happy about such a peppy interview.
      It looks like a training system for pilots like: takeoff - landing. And do tank crews also learn from a similar system?
      And what did the Higher Education Institutions do in our time in 4-5 years? Here 3 - 5 months and ... you can cheerfully report on the readiness of the officer corps to overcome the hardships and difficulties of service!
    2. Moore
      Moore 15 February 2017 13: 00
      +6
      Quote: astronom1973n
      Without fear of incurring anger, I can say that the majority of personnel officers are cunning.

      And what is the anger? I have not met others in this position.
      Quote: andr327
      The conducted optimization of the officers is very far from ideal (or rather, just the norm).

      And who would doubt it? Who considered the issue of correlation of duties of officers in accordance with the Charter and special with the current instructions "from above"?
      The same “Poplar”, my beloved to tears, originally assumed the organization of the database in the field with two shifts reinforced, and what happened after the pointing? Yeah, direct security posts are only from officers and warrant officers. Changed because of the remote - went to the post. Now they are on duty for about a month. If you approach the O&O, DB according to the existing requirements, the officers and warrant officers are basically irremovable. And if the fighting is not a month, but a half-year? Who was thinking about this? None. Mighty multi-headed such Nobody.
  7. izya top
    izya top 15 February 2017 10: 52
    +7
    staffing, training of officers, the number of contract soldiers.

  8. YarGa
    YarGa 15 February 2017 11: 08
    +1
    It is necessary to raise the quality of personnel. Quantity is important, but secondarily ...
  9. Colonel
    Colonel 15 February 2017 11: 09
    +3
    The main "frame" indirectly recognized the failure of the reform carried out by the previous MO. It will be interesting to listen to the opinion of apologists furniture management.
  10. Old military officer
    Old military officer 15 February 2017 11: 38
    +7
    Why did the Sun get involved in this unimaginable substance - the Bologna system? Leave it for the lapdogs. In any case, this is a diversion against the existing education system and, it must be said, carried out very successfully. The state of secondary, specialized secondary and higher civic education is more than deplorable. And nobody itches! Different giants of thought come up with new subjects for introduction to the school curriculum, such as "History of Cinema" or Orthodox education, etc. etc. And all you have to do is return to the postulates of Jan Amos Comenius and rethink the Soviet system of education. Take care of those who study, because it is hard work, and not about their own puffed "scientific" degrees. Education cannot be a business, otherwise it is bankruptcy. That we are horrified and watching. Yes, one more thing - the vocational education system is destroyed, but workers are needed. Instead, office plankton is offered. And at the defense industry enterprises, who should work, managers?
  11. mihey
    mihey 15 February 2017 11: 59
    +4
    Goremykin can say anything, including about staff shortages and his absence. But it would be better not to stutter about the quality of the officers, it’s good that I didn’t say about the moral-volitional state of our armed forces. Order in the army was always only in combat units, in the rear - full of seams and window dressing. What kind of general will be the lieutenant who gives his conscripts for a thousand dismissal (specify specific names, part number?)? No way, to say the least. This is a system. And something tells me that they’re not going to break it from the word AT ALL. Everyone is happy with everything. am
  12. grau
    grau 15 February 2017 13: 12
    0
    Blah blah de * mo on the ears of our MO learned to hang
  13. astronom1973n
    astronom1973n 15 February 2017 13: 53
    +3
    Quote: Moore
    And if the fighting is not a month, but a half-year? Who was thinking about this? None. Mighty multi-headed such Nobody.

    I agree with you. Recently, strangely enough, there has been a process of "cap-and-seek" in matters of military service. Probably against the background of budget allocations, which at least somehow provide for the needs of the Armed Forces, there is a red line on the topic that everything is super! The combat readiness immediately increased, the combat training of the troops improved, and this, I believe, is not entirely true and accurate, judging by the reviews of the current real senior officers, who have to communicate with us. Our “cheers” will not bring to good, but to the sane of senses, the attitude is known (it’s comes after the “cool kneading”), so it was already and history unfortunately didn’t teach us anything. So we are preparing for past wars, using weapons from the times of the glorious USSR.
  14. basmach
    basmach 15 February 2017 14: 14
    +2
    And what do you want. Get officers from cadets who do not really know the military service. This is in Soviet schools until the fifth year we went to all the outfits and guards. Inachkursamog ina fifth on the parade ground to drive away an hour. Well, by optimization
  15. tracer
    tracer 16 February 2017 01: 55
    0
    The officer corps is the backbone of the Russian Army. There will not be him, the army will not be. How many officers I met in the service, not all, but almost all, the most worthy and smart people. With such commanders, the devil himself is not terrible. It is necessary to prepare the officer corps sparing no means, and time.
  16. Lara Croft
    Lara Croft 10 November 2018 01: 15
    +1
    Also, individual officer posts were replaced by sergeants, foremen, and even became civilians. Therefore, the need for training officer personnel decreased significantly.

    It has long been necessary to do. Release the officers from the functions that a sergeant or ensign can perform.
    In particular, we are talking about the admission to military service under the contract of personnel officers in reserve. All of them have the same military training, the same rights and social guarantees as other officers who perform military service under the contract. And their career is completely dependent on successes in the service and the subsequent increase in the level of education and military training.

    The same thing happens in a neighboring country, why they understand this is happening (APU doubled compared to 2014). Why is this happening with us, the answer in the article:
    This year, universities will be fully staffed with a variable composition. In this case, the need for manning and new connections will be taken into account