Military Review

State Department on the harm caused by Russia by US sanctions

56
Experts of the State Department in the field of economics believe that the US sanctions severely damaged the list’s figurines and, on the contrary, did not have the expected impact on the Russian economy as a whole, according to a report published on the department’s website.


State Department on the harm caused by Russia by US sanctions


“The average Russian company under sanctions could lose more than half of the value of assets and about a third of operating profit. At the same time, the overall impact of the sanctions on the Russian economy is estimated at 1% of GDP, and on the economy of the EU countries - at 0,13% of GDP, ”reports the report PIA News.

The authors of the document have identified 269 companies that, in their opinion, “are directly related to persons under personal sanctions.” For this, the Bureau Van Dijk ORBIS database, which specializes in collecting information on legal entities, was used.

Our main conclusion is that companies under sanctions or companies associated with individuals under sanctions did receive damage from sanctions in comparison with companies that were not under sanctions,
the report says.

“On average, a company under sanctions or associated (with persons involved in the list) loses about a third of its operating income, more than half the value of its assets and about a third of its employees after inclusion on the list, compared to companies that were not under sanctions,” the researchers write.

For the Russian economy as a whole, other conclusions have been made.

We believe that the volatility of oil prices explains the overwhelmingly large part of the decline in Russia's GDP and the need for imports, and only a very small part is due to sanctions or other factors. Thus, either the sanctions had only a small negative effect on these indicators, or other positive factors basically canceled the impact of the sanctions. The most obvious candidate (for the role of positive factors) is Russia's response in the field of economic policy, which is probably related to sanctions,
the document says.

“From its peak to the present, Russia's real GDP has dropped by about 5%, and the maximum 20% of this decline, that is, 1% of GDP, can potentially be explained by sanctions,” the authors write.

As for the European Union, the “median indicator of the effect of sanctions on the economies of EU countries was minus 0,13% of GDP,” the researchers calculated.

“The EU countries are less affected than Russia by the sanctions, since Russia's share in their exports is lower,” and also because “the decline in imports from Russia is mainly due to the fall in oil prices,” they argue.

Recall, the administration of Trump said that while it is not a question of the lifting of sanctions, and with the effectiveness of the sanctions policy, the government will have to decide in the future.
Photos used:
http://politobzor.net
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  1. Berber
    Berber 13 February 2017 09: 11
    +9
    They reassure Geyropu. The analysis is far-fetched, figures from the ceiling.
    1. Asadullah
      Asadullah 13 February 2017 12: 28
      +2
      They reassure Geyropu. The analysis is far-fetched, figures from the ceiling.


      You probably just stood and watched how this "analysis" was pulled by the ears and the figures were scribbled from the ceiling? Allow me to refer to you as an indisputable authority in your economic reviews?
      1. Niccola Mack
        Niccola Mack 13 February 2017 15: 14
        +5
        how was this “analysis" pulled by the ears and the numbers were scribbled from the ceiling?

        Read on the Web what kind of "warm" words at the state level in 2008 spoke of the "independent" analytical giants Fitch, Moodies, Standard and Purs who said on the eve of the most powerful crisis that everything is fine, the economy is developing as it should, stocks are valued correctly. And how then they filed lawsuits against them for this outright lies.
        And in 2001, the largest company Enron went bankrupt (turnover of $ 2000-131 billion) - the auditors of the reputable company Arthur Andersen (one of the 5 largest in the world) before the crash "did not notice" debts that resulted in bankruptcy (including after the audit company itself by court order).
        It turned out that all these "independent appraisers" are sold wholesale and retail at a reasonable price.
        Compared to them, some unfortunate "Bureau Van Dijk" is not even close.
        1. Asadullah
          Asadullah 13 February 2017 17: 55
          +3
          Compared to them, some unfortunate "Bureau Van Dijk" is not even close.


          There are rating agencies that work for the market, there are companies that work for a specific order, for a specific client. Moreover, it is the client who decides whether to publicize the work or not. Moreover, this particular company will not work with customers who could damage its reputation. And so it turns out, those who need truth, turn to one company, those who need a rating, to another. You understand the market, who needs what.
          1. Niccola Mack
            Niccola Mack 14 February 2017 07: 01
            0
            There are companies that work for a specific order, for a specific client.

            That's exactly what happened with the audit of Arthur Andersen of Enron. Moreover, the audit according to the legislation should be absolutely independent - management chooses a company and pays it money regardless of the results. And it is obliged to provide all accounting and other documents at the request of the company ..
            The problem was that management and shareholders were different people.
            And as a result, the shareholders lost fantastic money actually because of the fraud of the auditors (they simply agreed with them - after all, they could turn to another company).
            Moreover, this particular company will not work with customers who could damage its reputation.

            “Arthur Andersen” at that time was in the top 5 (big five) the most reputable audit firms in the worldHer reputation shone like a brand new nickel-plated teapot. After the collapse of Enron, she lost all customers and a license was taken from her in court - moreover, several large companies where she audited immediately went bankrupt following a criminal investigation.
            Moreover, it is the client who decides whether to publicize the work or not.

            And this is precisely our case - for as Winston Churchill used to say:
            Do not think about what they say, think about why they say it.
      2. Orionvit
        Orionvit 13 February 2017 15: 20
        +5
        And you do not know that all these "real" ratings and analyzes are part of the aggressive US policy and misinformation in relation to the rest of humanity. When was the last time you heard the truth from Western politicians? And economists are in the same harness with them.
  2. Alexander Romanov
    Alexander Romanov 13 February 2017 09: 12
    +12
    On the contrary, they did not have the expected impact on the Russian economy as a whole, according to a report published on the agency’s website
    The lies and propaganda of the Kremlin. A year ago, Obama said, Russia's economy is torn to shreds!
    Signature-Believe.
    1. sasha.28blaga
      sasha.28blaga 13 February 2017 09: 19
      +1
      Of course, they didn’t tear to shreds, but you have to install patches and then you can’t put them everywhere.
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 13 February 2017 09: 24
        +14
        Quote: sasha.28blaga
        but you have to install patches and then you can’t put them everywhere.

        If there were no sanctions, everything would be the same. And the oil price is to blame. And sanctions, ask grandmothers on the market why seeds have risen in price, so they imposed sanctions. Everyone heard about them, but no one saw them.
        The price of oil and the dollar, that's all the sanctions that you really felt on yourself.
        1. bouncyhunter
          bouncyhunter 13 February 2017 09: 35
          +5
          Somehow mattress explanations for Geyropa look like little consolation ... Yes, and the figures quoted seem to be far-fetched from Potolotsky’s guide ...
        2. sasha.28blaga
          sasha.28blaga 13 February 2017 09: 49
          +4
          This is an eternal story: the price of oil and the dollar. In Russia, for example, expensive oil is cheap dollar, expensive gasoline. cheap oil, expensive dollar, expensive gasoline. Like it or not, both indicators are against Russia. But there is still gas, which the Americans, as it is not surprising, blinked, at the expense of it to us Russians, something else breaks off. But in addition to the raw material indicators of the economy, there are also production capacities, which we also purchase for the famous dollars. These same capacities give the state the opportunity to get out of dollar bondage, but the supply of some equipment fell under sanctions, like mazzarella cheese. Because sanctions harm us on all fronts, another question is how we overcome this dashing time.
          1. Old military officer
            Old military officer 13 February 2017 11: 51
            +3
            Perhaps you, my friend, (or a young man?) Work in Gazprom, so something breaks off for you. The rest of the Russians are an Native American national hut. You still here and Sberbank drag. Also the savior of the Russians to the fullest.
            1. sasha.28blaga
              sasha.28blaga 16 February 2017 02: 25
              0
              If I worked in Gazprom, believe me on this site I would not be. And so, if something, pensions are also paid from gas deductions.
          2. Asadullah
            Asadullah 13 February 2017 12: 40
            +6
            Because sanctions harm us on all fronts, another question is how we overcome this dashing time.


            Sanctions, this deprivation of beer for sober. It’s hard, painful, but it won’t lead to another booze. Much more painful will be the abolition of all sanctions. As for the equipment, this is a fiction. The West is not a monopoly on equipment, for individual custom-made forms, there is a system of bypassing through third states, it will simply be more expensive. The main blow is the ban on borrowing, it can really slow down strategic projects. But then the West kicked Ivan, knocked himself hard on the knee, Russia closed the inner circle of finance through the military industry, which is practically independent of external borrowing. It turns out that the economy, finding no way out in strategic projects, focused on the military. From the point of view of the West, it turns out that the attempt to weaken Russia economically led to its increase in defense, which affected the security of the West itself, and now it is pulling it on defense spending. This is precisely what the Americans did not take into account; Europe is not so much losing on trade as it is losing on reformatting the budget.
        3. Vasiliev Yu
          Vasiliev Yu 13 February 2017 09: 58
          +5
          The price of oil to ordinary people, which side?
          the overall impact of sanctions on the Russian economy is estimated at 1% of GDP, and on the economy of the EU countries - at 0,13% of GDP

          The dollar exchange rate jumped because the government itself collapsed the ruble, so that the country's economy as a whole would draw closer to zero growth closer to zero, thereby pumping rubles out of the population. Import- like the dollar doubled, and the import of the overwhelming number of products (industry from the same China) takes place in our country. Now it is more profitable for us to produce for the Chinese than in China. And our producers, in order to keep up with the profit margins of importers, break prices to match them, they also want to have everything at once.
          And the difference of 8 times the impact of sanctions on us and the EU, albeit exaggerating, but still, in the EU, overproduction - ordinary people are only happy, everything is cheap. And we have? And the shelves in stores are breaking, not empty, but prices are still rising and rising with enviable constancy.
          Sanctions are certainly good, finally it reached the top that you need to have your own production, only the people, as always, remain extreme under sanctions. And for example, I would like to hear that, for example, some rat bank was ruined due to sanctions, but no, banks only gobble on sanctions.
          A little messy, expressed only that on the surface, not particularly going into, tired already. The voice of the people to power, as always remains a voice in the desert, the main thing for the authorities is to fill the treasury and not offend our nouveau riche people, therefore they strain the electorate.
          1. Alexander Romanov
            Alexander Romanov 13 February 2017 10: 03
            0
            Quote: vasiliev yu
            The price of oil to ordinary people, which side?

            I will remind you if you forgot or I will reveal the mystery to you, if you did not know that the Russian budget is being formed taking into account the price of oil.
            What is the budget of Russia, you need to explain?
            1. Vasiliev Yu
              Vasiliev Yu 13 February 2017 10: 12
              +5
              So I also write about the same. All inhabitants did not care about oil prices. Who was interested in them before? Until the sanctions began, until they were affected by the fact that, to replenish the country's budget, the people were shod. The previous income from oil was gone, they were reimbursed by the collapse of the ruble and additional taxes from ordinary people.
            2. kagorta
              kagorta 14 February 2017 06: 03
              0
              Only 36 percent of our budget is from oil exports.
        4. kapitan92
          kapitan92 13 February 2017 11: 06
          +6
          Quote: Alexander Romanov
          If there were no sanctions, everything would be the same

          It would, yes, it would interfere. It’s foolish to say that sanctions didn’t hurt us. It particularly affected the banking sector and the high-tech segment of our economy .. Almost all offshore development projects were frozen, and cheap interbank loans played a positive role in our economy. What the Lord does not do is for the best! After all, until you get a butt, you won’t lift it.
          Nobody is going to lift sanctions, so you have to work hard and productively! hi
    2. jovanni
      jovanni 13 February 2017 10: 38
      0
      Gogol had to be read. The Red Scroll. There, too, they tore and chopped, and these shreds rrrrr times! And slide down. I didn’t know who I contacted ...
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 13 February 2017 09: 13
    +1
    the paper will endure everything that you want - they will draw ...
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 13 February 2017 09: 15
      +4
      something else needs to be done so that the sanctions are not exactly lifted. yes
      1. sasha.28blaga
        sasha.28blaga 13 February 2017 09: 27
        0
        Kiev to announce.
        1. Andrey Yuryevich
          Andrey Yuryevich 13 February 2017 09: 28
          +6
          Quote: sasha.28blaga
          Kiev to announce.

          annex...
          1. ferdiperdozzz
            ferdiperdozzz 13 February 2017 12: 20
            +1
            No, it's better to announce.
            1. Kent0001
              Kent0001 13 February 2017 15: 25
              +1
              Announce a possible annexation
          2. sasha.28blaga
            sasha.28blaga 16 February 2017 02: 29
            0
            Well, I'm sorry, on the go wrote maybe something is not clear.
  4. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 13 February 2017 09: 20
    0
    Geyropa thinks differently. Why? Maybe because the State Department is trying to reassure the "partners"?
  5. Gormenghast
    Gormenghast 13 February 2017 09: 32
    0
    Is it they who themselves consider the amount of compensation payable to Russia, due to the illegality (bypassing the Security Council) of sanctions? laughing
  6. Tambov Wolf
    Tambov Wolf 13 February 2017 09: 35
    +8
    As we ate our chickens, and I eat, I drank my alcoholic drinks, and I drink, as I dressed in our clothes, I also dress. By the letter X there are sanctions. And if speculators and bankers flew by, you don’t have to put on a Western, and put Homeland love, but import, import jamon. You might think we have no decent ham. That's all. Work for health, but don’t steal.
    1. fif21
      fif21 13 February 2017 11: 04
      +1
      Quote: Tambov Wolf
      I drank my alcoholic drinks as I drink,
      Maladez! I will throw an idea wassat
    2. Old military officer
      Old military officer 13 February 2017 11: 55
      +1
      Well, the wolf, bent. No matter how you steal it, you don’t respect yourself. Yes, and decent successful people will not get out. It is you who proclaim something evangelical or biblical.
    3. Larra anathema
      Larra anathema 13 February 2017 15: 51
      +1
      There is ham, yes. If you reduce all the production in the country to the release of grub - then yes, at least grind up (most importantly, do not forget to pay). Lie on the sofa against the background of the carpet, look at the crate, drink beer.
      But how to disagree with the fact that
      Quote: Vasilyev u
      Russia has closed the internal circle of finance through the military industry
      ?
      Where are breakthrough, science-intensive civilian projects? New domestic manufacturing, medical, transport technologies? It is clear that all that is useful will ultimately be in demand in the military sphere. But what does the Tambov Wolf have from today's Russian industry, except for beer with ham?
      Yes, here, by chance, I saw greetings from a small homeland on a package in Pyaterochka: the Bryansk cement plant was now reforged and produces filler for cat trays. Well, how not to rejoice at such news, how not to be touched? fellow

      From the manufacturer’s website: "We have accepted radical plant redesign to produce fillers for the toilet of cats, we created equipment adapted for us by our own technical specialists that has no analogues in our sector. "
      Even cats are better off in the new Russia ...
      1. Tambov Wolf
        Tambov Wolf 13 February 2017 18: 35
        +1
        Are you getting sanctions on the corn? And the factories are not closed by the Germans and the French, but by their own, liberal liberals. And academics with a hundred-year-old age are not put in the fodder by the Americans, but by their cunning "scientists." Have you closed a factory or a candle factory? Those who worked for the state in the military-industrial complex, army navy, i.e. not on a private trader until the door ... these sanctions. The salary is true because of the "smartest government" in the country is not enough. But, nevertheless, the time will come when a normal and strong ruler comes, wimps and liberoids have already spoiled everyone.
        1. michajlo
          michajlo 14 February 2017 18: 57
          0
          Tambov Wolf Yesterday, 18: 35 ↑
          Are you getting sanctions on the corn? And the factories do not close Germans with the French, and their own, bast liberals.And academics centenary it’s not the Americans who put everything in the feeding places,and their own, cunning "scientists."Have you closed the factory or the candle factory? Those who worked for the state in the military-industrial complex, army navy, i.e. not on a private trader until the door ... these sanctions. The salary is true because of the "smartest rule" in the country is not enough.But, still, the time will come when a normal and strong ruler comes, wimps and liberoids already harbored everyone.

          I agree with you on all 150% respected "Tambov Wolf"!
          I allow myself not to pin, but just ask You clarify your last GOOD moment: "BUT we are people with 50-60's year of birth. "will we live to see the moment when the" NORMAL AND STRONG "head of the country comes?
          Or will only change "some patriots" to "best patriots", with the obligatory issuance by the subsequent patriot of Indulgences to the previous ruler together with family members "from possible litigation and assessment according to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation "past glorious and patriotic accomplishments" of senior management? (on the model of Decree No.1 of 2000 of the new President Putin "On the Prohibition of the Prosecution of Yeltsin and Members of His Family" of 2000) ...
          Michael.
          1. Tambov Wolf
            Tambov Wolf 14 February 2017 21: 45
            +1
            It’s unlikely that it’s possible from the current Shoigu. It seems that dad and mother worked under Stalin, and they don’t keep liberals around. We’re unlikely to live from the 40-50s, but we really want to hope. Maybe someone is in the outback. Give us God live up to this all. Good luck to you.
  7. shinobi
    shinobi 13 February 2017 09: 38
    +1
    The real target of the sanctions was Europe. Russia is an instrument of these sanctions, well, a passing bonus. What is noteworthy, trade and trade between the United States and Russia has increased.
  8. mikh-korsakov
    mikh-korsakov 13 February 2017 09: 53
    +2
    It is estimated that sanctions inhibit the growth of the Russian economy by 0,8%. Corruption slows down the growth of the Russian economy by 2-4% (according to various sources, mainly due to kickbacks, otherwise the funds would have gone into business), bungling and bad roads also make a significant contribution, I read the numbers, but to be honest, I forgot source. Therefore, sanctions are unpleasant, but not deadly. As for the prohibition of officials to travel over a hill, this is just useful for the economy. If their children were forbidden to study abroad, it would have been cool at all, you see the USE would have been canceled.
    1. ferdiperdozzz
      ferdiperdozzz 13 February 2017 12: 22
      0
      And why didn’t you please the USE? Try to pass it - be surprised. Unless, of course, you will get further to Part A.
      1. mikh-korsakov
        mikh-korsakov 13 February 2017 12: 58
        +1
        By the way I tried, in geography. Nothing wrong! The main claim to the exam - chastity
    2. faridg7
      faridg7 13 February 2017 13: 17
      +1
      Quote: mikh-korsakov
      As for the prohibition of officials to travel over a hill, this is just useful for the economy. If their children were forbidden to study abroad, it would have been cool at all, you see the USE would have been canceled.

      it is better to limit the rights (up to deprivation of citizenship) of those who studied or internship abroad, a lot of problems immediately removed
  9. Ampere
    Ampere 13 February 2017 10: 09
    +2
    Giving money to fight corruption, everything is exactly what to give vodka to the fight against alcoholism!
    1. mikh-korsakov
      mikh-korsakov 13 February 2017 13: 05
      +1
      You are both right and wrong. Giving money to such "anti-corruption fighters" as those who were recently arrested is a shame. But real anti-corruption fighters are not fighting Sherlock Holmes’s deduction method. They need computers, weapons, salaries and much more.
  10. Pete mitchell
    Pete mitchell 13 February 2017 10: 22
    +10
    Russia is estimated at 1% of GDP, and on the economy of the EU countries - at 0,13% of GDPif you take into account the population of Russia and Europe and express the losses in absolute terms: lost jobs, money, market share ... Maybe they will finally understand that the sanctions are double-edged, but each one will be selected on his own, and there’s another question: who has the space for maneuver more
    1. Nyrobsky
      Nyrobsky 13 February 2017 11: 14
      +4
      Quote: Pete Mitchell
      Russia is estimated at 1% of GDP, and on the economy of the EU countries - at 0,13% of GDP, if we take into account the population of Russia and Europe and express losses in absolute terms: lost jobs, money, market share ... Maybe they will finally understand that the sanctions are double-edged, but each one will be chosen on his own, and the question is who has more room for maneuver

      Correctly write. In addition, they estimate the loss of GDP in the EU as a whole, without taking into account the fact that as a result of counter-sanctions, individual countries belonging to this EU fell below the baseboard and will not recover soon, unlike a whale like Germany. Yes, and figs with them with sanctions, spring is coming, gardens - our people are not used to counting on the state, but rely on themselves more
  11. japs
    japs 13 February 2017 10: 52
    +3
    It turns out that extras in Pindustan work the same way as we do in Belarus. I, on average, get more than 500 green raccoons per month, according to our statistics.
  12. fif21
    fif21 13 February 2017 10: 58
    +3
    When oil prices fall, the US dollar falls in Russia laughing Well, what else to talk about? Take the situation for 13. 02. The foreign exchange reserves of the Russian Federation are "melting" not because they are being spent, but because the exchange rate is falling. The financiers did not understand that sanctions would strengthen the ruble in Russia, so Nabiullina has to artificially devalue the ruble lol To the budget, corporations need rubles, and they keep their reserves in foreign currency! Why? They were taught that way at the HSE, and this is hopeless request The USA sanctions us, and our good uncles and aunts buy their debts from them. hi
    1. michajlo
      michajlo 14 February 2017 19: 11
      0
      fif21 Yesterday, 10: 58
      With the fall in oil prices, the US dollar falls in Russia laughing Well, what else can I talk about? Take the situation for 13. 02. The foreign exchange reserves of the Russian Federation are "melting" not because they are being spent, but because the exchange rate is falling. The financiers did not understand that sanctions would strengthen the ruble in Russia, so Nabiullina has to artificially devalue the ruble lol To the budget, corporations need rubles, and they keep their reserves in foreign currency! Why? They were so taught at the HSE, and it is hopelessly request The United States sanctions us, and our good uncles and aunts buy their debts from them. hi

      #
      You are right, dear "fif21"!
      True except about studying "current Successful Financiers and Economists at HSE". They studied GOOD and so accurate "FIVE", and ALL of these HSE nurses carry out their WORK for state salaries, only their task, like that of HSE, is ANOTHER: "DO NOT DEVELOP, but in fact, QUALITATIVELY ROPE THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY AND INDUSTRY!" Why does this "Explicit fact of BREEDING" not interfere with the Guarantor (and I personally can’t consider Putin as a superficial and trusting man to peppy reports from the government and others), a special question with an answer that is very unpleasant to the country's patriots and people ?! Here, apparently, the reason is different, than the traditional Russian "Our Tsar is GOOD, but here is the EVIL BOYAR!" ???
      Our children and grandchildren of years of commercials will know the exact answer to this and many other questions through 30-50-80, alas ...
      Michael.
      1. fif21
        fif21 14 February 2017 19: 19
        +1
        Quote: michajlo
        They studied GOOD and so accurate "FIVE",
        I agree, but the US colony taught them economics. But there is no mind! Crammed glasses wassat The interests of the Russian Federation are a priority, and our accountants have a priority of US interests! In the US, I would send them - all!
  13. Machete
    Machete 13 February 2017 11: 57
    0
    There is nothing to talk about. They again remembered sanctions and the economy.
  14. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 13 February 2017 12: 36
    +2
    Shale oil, the arrival of which in Russia belonged
    scornfully, banged the Russian economy to the same extent
    as well as overlapping bank loans.
    There was a revolution in oil production, which Russia, that OPEC overslept.
    US knocked out oil control from OPEC.
    Increase or reduce the production of shale oil in a matter of days,
    (unlike usual), the cost of production for several years decreased
    2,5 times, the quality of shale oil is high - super light oil, reserves are huge,
    and 3/4 of the world - in the States.
    1. fif21
      fif21 13 February 2017 15: 05
      +1
      Quote: voyaka uh
      (unlike usual), the cost of production for several years decreased
      Give an example, the cost of shale and conventional. And you will understand what nonsense they wrote. hi
      Quote: voyaka uh
      US knocked out oil control from OPEC.

      The price of oil is set on the commodity exchange and has a large speculative component.
      Overseas, a cow is a half, but a rupe is transported laughing Russia has land borders with China, the EU, and India with the rapidly developing economies of the world. Oil suppliers in the United States - the Gulf countries, Venezuela and Russia will always be able to drop prices up to 10 S in order to protect their market. hi
    2. fif21
      fif21 13 February 2017 15: 09
      0
      Quote: voyaka uh
      and 3/4 of the world - in the States

      In Russia, shale oil reserves are all over Siberia. So what? This is our strategic reserve. And the USA has no reserve laughing
  15. RUSIVAN
    RUSIVAN 13 February 2017 14: 22
    +1
    State Department on the harm caused by Russia by US sanctions
    And the State Department does not want to talk about the dangers of retaliatory sanctions to Europe, let them tell Europeans who got worse from these sanctions ... and we are not the first to endure it, and Europe, pampered by the benefits of civilization, probably thinks more about it, but pride now will not allow it to tell...
  16. Alex20042004
    Alex20042004 13 February 2017 18: 36
    +1
    Quote: voyaka uh
    Shale oil, the arrival of which in Russia belonged
    scornfully, banged the Russian economy to the same extent
    as well as overlapping bank loans.
    There was a revolution in oil production, which Russia, that OPEC overslept.
    US knocked out oil control from OPEC.
    Increase or reduce the production of shale oil in a matter of days,
    (unlike usual), the cost of production for several years decreased
    2,5 times, the quality of shale oil is high - super light oil, reserves are huge,
    and 3/4 of the world - in the States.


    You, my friend, are a great specialist when you mixed vinaigrette.
  17. sasha.28blaga
    sasha.28blaga 16 February 2017 02: 31
    0
    Quote: fif21
    Quote: Tambov Wolf
    I drank my alcoholic drinks as I drink,
    Maladez! I will throw an idea wassat

    Can I get more information about the device from the photo?