Military Review

Battleship from the country of trolls

20
Battleship from the country of trolls
In Sweden, took into account the experience of using armored vehicles in Afghanistan


The directions of modernization of armored vehicles in all countries are developed today, based on the experience of local wars and military conflicts. It was with the lessons of the US and NATO troops fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan that the Swedish BMP CV90 was updated. Its latest version, also first demonstrated at Eurosatory-2010, is called Armardillo.

The Stridsforclon 90 infantry fighting vehicle, better known as CV90, created by Hägglunds in the second half of 80, became one of the most sophisticated BMP models and was rather widely exported - mainly to the states of Northern Europe. In addition to Sweden, CV90 was ordered for Switzerland, the Netherlands, Norway, Finland and Denmark for their armies. Currently sold and concluded contracts for the supply of more than 1100 of these machines.





The distinctive features of the base version CV90, designed for the Swedish army, can be called powerful weapons, consisting of 40-mm automatic cannon, a basic high level of crew and landing protection, good maneuverability. The BMP is exported with 30-mm (Norway, Switzerland, Finland) and 35-mm (Netherlands, Denmark) guns.

The basic reservation level provides all-round protection against bullets with a caliber of 14,5 mm, additional ceramic screens allow the front projection of the machine to withstand automatic cannon fire, including shelling of 30-mm sabot projectiles.



At the same time, the CV90, especially in the CV90-40 modification with the 40-mm gun, located in a two-seat tower, has a rather high contour: its height is 2,7 m (for comparison: the height of the Russian BMP-3 is equal to 2,3 m, and the BMP-2 is and the one below). In addition, the car, as, indeed, all samples of European military equipment, turned out to be quite expensive: the average cost of one CV90 ranges from three to four million euros.

The CV90 has a classic layout for infantry fighting vehicles with a front engine-transmission compartment and a control compartment and a rear landing section. There are various modifications of this infantry fighting vehicle - on its basis the commander and reconnaissance vehicles, self-propelled anti-aircraft guns, as well as light Tanks with 105 mm and 120 mm guns. The latter, however, have not yet found buyers.

If it were not for 11 of September of 2001 of the year, we probably would never have known what the true capabilities of CV90 are in the real theater of military operations. Indeed, with the exception of Finland, the rest of the operators of this BMP in the twentieth century proved to be purely peaceful countries that had minimal and unsuccessful combat experience or adhered to lasting neutrality. No prerequisites for changing the situation in the new century were seen before the start of the American operation in Afghanistan, which led to the involvement of Washington’s allies, primarily from the North Atlantic Alliance. As a result, the Swedish car still had to make war.



The Norwegian and Danish CV90 took part in the Afghan campaign. They did not suffer irretrievable losses, although in January 2010, a Norwegian soldier, a driver driver, was killed during a blast on a makeshift bomb. And in April, two Danish cars hit a 2010. Among the crew members and the assault force there were no dead or wounded. Each BMP torn off a pair of rollers.



From this combat experience, however, rather limited, the engineers of BAE Systems, under whose control Hägglunds took over in 2004, made their findings and presented the CV2010 Armardillo BMP at Eurosatory-90.



Armardillo has a common body, power unit and chassis with the CV90. The main external difference of the modernized Swedish BMP was the absence of a large and heavy twin-turret, and at the same time an automatic cannon. Instead, Armardillo received a remote-controlled Lemur RWS combat module with an 12,7-mm M2 machine gun. This solution, according to representatives of the company BAE Systems, has reduced the weight of the machine and free up space for additional equipment. The mass of the BMP in this version is 26 tons, and since the transmission and chassis can withstand loads of up to 35 tons, a reserve of 9 tons is obtained. It is designed to further enhance protection, which is already increased compared to the base case.



As for the markedly reduced fire capabilities of the BMP, then, according to the engineers of BAE Systems, they are unnecessary in the base case. The judgment is rather strange: apparently, soldiers from the Norwegian and Danish contingents of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan (ISAF) did not have to be ambushed in narrow mountain gorges or in villages with their duoles comparable in strength to concrete. In any case, a similar experience of the Soviet troops at the beginning of the 80-s led to the rapid replacement of the BMP-1 with its virtually useless 73-mm smooth-bore gun on the BMN-2 equipped with an 30-mm automatic weapon in counter-guerrilla actions. In fairness, however, it should be noted that the Lemur RWS module provides for the installation of other weapons: 40-mm automatic grenade launcher or 25-mm M242 Bushmaster cannon - the main for light American armored vehicles.

When designing the CV90 Armardillo, serious attention was paid to increasing its fire protection from infantry weapons, including anti-tank weapons, and resistance to undermining on mines and improvised land mines.

The latter property is achieved by making the bottom of the case of non-hardened steel with a minimum number of welds - this solution was recognized as the most effective for machines with a flat bottom. According to the developers, in the form shown on Eurosatory-2010, Armardillo ensures the safety of people inside when it explodes with a power of up to 10 kg of TNT.

Regarding the extent of the reservation, BAE Systems did not provide complete data on this indicator of the new BMP. An employee of the company only reported that the armored case, in combination with mounted ceramic modules, provides protection that surely exceeds the 5 level according to the STANAG 4569 standard, which preserves the integrity of the case when an 25-mm snapping projectile hits from a distance of 500 m and no closer than the 155-mm CFC. 25 m from the car.

A very important element in the construction of the Swedish BMP is the Saab LEDS150 active defense system, which allows to intercept and destroy shots from grenade launchers and anti-tank systems at a distance of 5-15. LEDS150 has not yet been purchased by any army in the world, although, according to some sources, has been chosen by India for equipping Russian tanks T-90. CV90 Armardillo is also equipped with a new fire extinguishing system, designed to prevent the destruction of infantry fighting vehicles in the event that they are bombarded with Molotov cocktails.

Armardillo has a modular design, which allows to build on the basic chassis sanitary, command, reconnaissance vehicles, self-propelled mortars, BREM. At the same time, the level of unification of construction details is from 65 to 88%.



An interesting feature of the Swedish BMP - it is the only one in its class, equipped with solid rubber tracks on the steel cord. The advantage of these tracks is that they are lighter, not so noisy, they damage the road less and, as the developers claim, have better cross-country ability in the snow. However, the only place where Armardillo can be used with such a driver without any problems is the native peaceful Sweden. During the war, trucks are one of the most vulnerable parts of tracked vehicles. Combat damage to the rubber band will require its replacement as a whole, and the crew will not be able to do it on their own. In addition, the Russian and American experience shows that in the conditions of Afghan off-road with its rocky mountain roads, BTR tires wear out very quickly. The same perspective, obviously, will be expected and all-rubber caterpillars.

Potential customers of Armardillo at BAE Systems, which is logical, are those countries whose armies already have CV90 in service. In addition, Canada, Norway and Poland who have shown interest in the basic version of this BMP can also become buyers of the car. According to experts, despite its cost, CV90 (and hence its new modification) remains a serious offer on the market for light armored vehicles. However, in all likelihood, Armardillo is unlikely to include states located outside Europe and North America.
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  1. Ivan79
    Ivan79 13 July 2013 08: 05
    +2
    In my opinion, a controversial car. On the one hand, good armor protection, active protection. On the other hand - rubber tracks and a weak gun.
    1. Fofan
      Fofan 13 July 2013 14: 58
      +1
      just an ordinary heavy bmp. in Israel, they have been making such cars for 40 years, rebuilding old Soviet tanks. remove the tower and make room for the landing. there is nothing new in the swedish car.
    2. mertvoe_exo
      mertvoe_exo 13 July 2013 21: 41
      +1
      Here you explain to me thinking about the concept of BMP BTR BMD, Why do they need a powerful weapon ?? they are not intended to fulfill the tasks of eliminating the heavy technique of the practitioner. And why are rubber tracks bad ?? justify?
      1. Argon
        Argon 14 July 2013 00: 29
        +1
        Life forces you to have a powerful weapon, you can spend the entire ammo space of a 30mm cannon firing at the windows of a "five-story building" and still not solve the problem of "advance", at the same time 2-3 correctly placed 100mm projectiles "remove" the entrance entirely, solving the problem radically. three ATGMs at a distance of 3-4 km (let's say in the mountains) will become an "unsolvable" problem for vehicles with 30mm guns, the high-explosive action of a 100mm projectile is more significant, and allows the solution of this problem even without using ammunition with remote detonation like "Cherry". And finally in air defense issues, the probability of hitting and the destructive effect of a 100mm missile is higher than that of a 30mm cannon (which does not have a radar guidance channel in the FCS, and therefore is not capable of developing the required lead angles) .All of the above significantly expands the range of tasks solved by a motorized infantry unit without the involvement of third-party means (which is very important for paratroopers) And most importantly, this weapon (being installed on BMP, BMD) is at the disposal of the officer who directly decides the rear achu, which provides a high speed of response to the target.
      2. Artyom
        Artyom 14 July 2013 14: 33
        +4
        Quote: mertvoe_exo
        why are rubber tracks bad?

        and the fact that in the course of hostilities, trucks are one of the most vulnerable parts of tracked vehicles. Combat damage to an all-rubber belt will require its entire replacement, and the crew will not be able to do this on their own.
    3. Apostle
      Apostle 14 July 2013 14: 23
      0
      Norm machine, in Sweden they know a lot about this.
  2. ramsi
    ramsi 13 July 2013 08: 44
    +2
    here too, - why not a tandem two-link design, with hydraulics turning, with one wide track for each module, with an engine and fighting compartment in the first module, and an airborne compartment in the second?
    Well, at once everything would have been in chocolate: and patency, and mine protection, and landing defense, and maintainability
    1. ramsi
      ramsi 13 July 2013 13: 29
      0
      it seems, clumsily put it: articulated design (they already did, with only four tracks - crap!) Motors in both modules - pull
  3. KG_patriot_last
    KG_patriot_last 13 July 2013 10: 32
    +1
    Swedes always do not like people ...
    1. Revolver
      Revolver 14 July 2013 09: 17
      +6
      Quote: KG_patriot_last
      Swedes always do not like people ...

      Well, do not la la. Volvo is quite up to the mark; I personally like more than the German ones in the equal price category, and even more so the grays. I already ride on the 4th Volvo, although I could buy both BMW and Audi. It doesn’t cause problems, and if God forbid the snow rushes on it like on asphalt (here in America even if a little snow, somewhere 10 cm, it’s like a natural disaster screaming, schools are shutting down, people are dismissed from work earlier, and even if half a meter then everything seems to die out). And SAAB also liked it, sorry GM killed him during the crisis. As for me, it would be better if this union hotbed of GM was bent, and SAAB survived, but they did not ask me.
      1. KG_patriot_last
        KG_patriot_last 15 July 2013 12: 40
        0
        I didn’t mean that everything was bad with them, it meant the futility of technical thought. Remember their tanks, planes, armored personnel carriers and so on, which they created. Somewhere in previous articles, another special article was released about Swedish military equipment. It’s a pity that only NATO weapons are being bought now.
  4. roma-belij
    roma-belij 13 July 2013 11: 50
    +5
    It would be nice for ours to take these developments into account and finally create a BMP with good armor protection, and not a can with a gun.
  5. vomag
    vomag 13 July 2013 12: 19
    +2
    but how can I say ... of course (they did it with rubber tracks) (it’s clear that green-blue ecologists didn’t manage to do this all the same) he’s not very bad at all! powerful fluff, as I expected, began to grow quietly. Yes, it’s a bit tall, but it struck in terms of mass, which means it’s 9 tons for modernization! wassat when I saw the price! ....)
  6. Sirocco
    Sirocco 13 July 2013 13: 21
    0
    An interesting feature of the Swedish BMP is that it is the only one in its class equipped with solid rubber tracks on a steel cord
    My opinion is that all the advantages that this car has acquired have been crossed out, so to speak, by "ecological" tracks. The Swedes seem to have completely played with the green and other pigeons. They would still have to invent shells and mines that do not damage road surfaces, snow, grass, and so on. And change the ammunition, replace it with rubber bombs, missiles and bullets. fool Something the guys are too clever in this regard.
    1. Akim
      Akim 13 July 2013 16: 31
      +5
      Quote: Sirocco
      My opinion is that all the advantages that this car acquired have been crossed out, so to speak, by "ecological" caterpillars

      It's not about ecology, but about cross-country ability. In the USSR, too, they created such a swamp ship on the basis of the Urals. Well, she did not justify herself in combat conditions. So they will replace it with a caterpillar in rubber joints and asphalt pads. Eco business. That's what experience is.
    2. Gladiatir-zlo
      Gladiatir-zlo 13 July 2013 20: 32
      +1
      Why are you hanging on to the caterpillars and the green ones? Well, who else should the manufacturer play with if not with his "fifth column". In my opinion, another thing is more important, having very limited experience in the use of technology, they almost immediately issued an upgrade. That's capitalism on the face - or what I do not understand? I'm very interested, but what will happen when many armies re-equip with weapons for waging local wars, and a total, real one breaks out?
  7. Strashila
    Strashila 13 July 2013 15: 03
    +1
    And what is the steepness ??? Stand on base ??? The current is behind the gates and undermining. From the article it is clear that these infantry fighting vehicles did not even fire from small arms, what to speak of grenade launchers ... and this is their steepness ... they dispersed the Taliban with their only appearance.
    1. Akim
      Akim 13 July 2013 16: 36
      +4
      Quote: Strashila
      .It can be seen from the article that these infantry fighting vehicles did not even fire from small arms, what to speak of grenade launchers ..


      She was bombarded. To believe on the French site http://www.air-defense.net/forum/ even have photos and videos. Go search. On the forehead, with additional ceramic armor, holds a 20 mm Oerlikon.
  8. Fetel
    Fetel 13 July 2013 15: 48
    12
    Ugh, we're talking about Sweden, and when I read the headline "Battleship from the land of trolls", for some reason I immediately remembered the Professors and Israel ...
  9. Kir
    Kir 13 July 2013 18: 46
    +1
    It’s already seen something similar in Sweden (like a pre-production or a prototype), the truth was that they went even further, the modules could be either wheeled or tracked, the length also varied, for the low noise and low-frequency IR electric drive, almost on every wheel mine, and again rubber tracks, I’m wondering what does ecology have to do with it? Rubber that does not wear out? And besides, for some reason, the harmfulness of those who work with rubber is not small, but where is this ecology here? But most of all, not so much the price as the height of this miracle with a cannon module of 2.7m, well, the target in its purest form.
    1. Argon
      Argon 14 July 2013 00: 38
      0
      As for the goose, I can say that the "rubber hingeless" goose significantly increases the efficiency of the goose propeller at speeds above 50 km / h.
      1. AlNikolaich
        AlNikolaich 14 July 2013 08: 29
        +2
        Quote: Argon
        As for the goose, I can say that the "rubber hingeless" goose significantly increases the efficiency of the goose propeller at speeds above 50 km / h.

        As far as I remember, the rubber track was widely used on Challenger 75E tractors years ago so 25. The novelty paid off. And now the 7 and 8 series Challengers are walking on rubber bands reinforced with a steel cable! Pros - great traction, softness, a resource of the order of 7-8 thousand hours. Rubber tracks are just not suitable for driving at high speeds! When driving over 25 km / h for a long time, they become very hot!
        On tractors, tapes go well on various soils, sandy, rocky, clay, come in different widths, different tread patterns, and different strength levels. Camoplast is the only serious manufacturer of tapes.
        But on the tractor, the tracks are not fired upon, undermined, or hit an anti-tank hedgehog! And their use on the BMP is a moot point!
        1. ramsi
          ramsi 14 July 2013 09: 49
          +1
          The efficiency of a track with rubber (with shoes or such) increases when moving on hard surfaces such as concrete, and relates more to grip (maneuvering) rather than speed.
  10. Matroskin
    Matroskin 13 July 2013 20: 17
    0
    And why the name in the article is Armardillo
    In my opinion it’s simple - Armadillo
  11. Matroskin
    Matroskin 13 July 2013 20: 34
    +5


    more video in the topic
  12. shvindin2012
    shvindin2012 14 July 2013 15: 11
    +3
    A remarkable car in my opinion. It meets all the requirements of the beginning of the 21st century and follows the global trends in the production of armored vehicles: modular design for the purpose of rapid modernization, advanced electronics and an information system with LCD screens, and most importantly, ACTIVE protection is the most promising method of protecting equipment. With it, a light vehicle in terms of armor penetration can be compared with a heavy or medium tank without this protection, and most importantly, it takes up little space and is extremely effective. I hope that our "Kurganets-25" will be no worse and will satisfy all requirements.
  13. sergey158-29
    sergey158-29 14 July 2013 20: 51
    +1
    Liked:
    - armored hull with mounted ceramic modules and a reserve for protection of 9 tons
    - Saab active protection system
    - modular design
    Do not understand:
    - equipping with integral rubber tracks - except for the parade ...