Military Review

Pointing Pers

20
“This world is even more unfair than in the time of the pharaohs; the socialist idea, designed to end injustice, proved to be untenable, and today ordinary people have no other protection than Islam, because it is based on the concept of principled theological justice. ” These words belong to Heydar Jemal, December 5 of the past year who left our unjust world. Not being a Muslim or an occultist and therefore not sharing the ideas of Heydar Jahidovich, especially the fundamental geopolitical task of Islam declared by him - conquering political power in the world, I note that he was one of the most non-trivial and interesting authors at the turn of the millennium, although its unmistakable brightness for me pretty much with a minus sign. But it is impossible to ignore Jemal’s reasoning about geopolitics, which, by the way, he considered to be false science, while rightly arguing that this line of thought was invented long before Haushofer and Mackinder were Russians: Khomyakov with his Kushitsky and Khamitsky civilizations, Aksakov, Kireyevsky and who became the forerunners Spengler with Toynbee Danilevsky.


Speaking about the Islamic renaissance, Jemal put into it his specific semi-cultural understanding. But it seems to me relevant to reflect on the “prophecies” of this man regarding the future - including the intellectual - revival of Muslim civilization. Was Jamal right here, or, if the question is broader, is the modern Islamic world capable of challenging the West, experiencing spiritual degradation and experiencing a demographic crisis?

In the field of basic sciences, the Old and New Worlds, along with Israel and Japan, are still ahead of the rest of the world, and Russia, despite the difficulties experienced, still holds a worthy place in this series. If anyone steps on their heels, they are not Muslims, but the so-called Asian tigers.

But times are changing. Not only Heydar Jemal wrote about the Muslim renaissance, but also the authors, far from Islam, Huntington for example: “The revival of religion is a global phenomenon. However, they are most clearly manifested in the cultural affirmation of Asia and Islam, as well as in the challenges that they throw to the West. These are the most dynamic civilizations of the last quarter of the 20th century. The Islamic challenge is expressed in a comprehensive cultural, social and political revival in the Muslim world and the rejection of Western values ​​and institutions accompanying this process. ”

Even at the end of the last century, Huntington drew attention to an important detail: “In 70 and 80, political leaders literally rushed to identify themselves and their regimes with Islam. King Hussein of Jordan, convinced that the secular government has very illusive prospects in the Arab world, spoke of the need to create Islamic democracy and modernized Islam. The king of Morocco, Hassan, emphasized his origin from the Prophet and his role as leader of the faithful. The Sultan of Brunei, for which he had previously not noticed adherence to Islam, suddenly became extremely pious and defined his regime as the Malay Muslim monarchy. Ben Ali in Tunisia began to regularly appeal to Allah in his speeches, “to wear the clothes of Islam” to attract the attention of Islamist groups. At the beginning of 90, Indonesian President Suharto clearly set himself the political task of becoming a great Muslim. In Bangladesh, the principle of secularism was thrown out of the constitution in the middle of the 70, and in the early nineties, the secular, Kemalist Turkey underwent a serious test for the first time. To emphasize loyalty to Islam, state leaders Ozal, Suharto and Karimov hurried to make a hajj. ”

That is, the intellectual revival of the Islamic world is likely to take place (if it takes place at all) under the patronage of the authorities. But the paradox is that a significant part of the military-political and religious elites, predominantly Arab, is not interested either in the intellectual or in any other revival of their countries. That is, a situation in which Muslims, who make up one fifth of the world's population, will produce only five percent of their knowledge, may well continue for a long time. And the emancipation of the Islamic world, as Huntington wrote, is primarily of a demographic nature, as evidenced by Muslim authors, in particular, the well-known political scientist, research fellow at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Ruslan Kurbanov. In one of the speeches, he complained that there were more books in the medieval library of Baghdad than in all European countries, and now Israel publishes books ten times more than in the entire Arab world, he noted: the authorities are to blame for this Islamic countries. They, according to the political scientist, are not interested in raising the level of education of their citizens, because they understand that as soon as an educated stratum appears in the society led by the dictator, she questions the established order of things. Ignorance is the main resource of dictatorial regimes. The examples were Egypt, Syria, Sudan, Somalia, Yemen. Another of the problems of the Islamic world identified by Kurbanov is the monosyllabic thinking, the inability to calculate the scenarios of future events. This allows the West to manipulate it.

Build a tank and land a drone

Nevertheless, there are governments that are trying to solve problems caused by backwardness in the basic sciences, economics, and education. But why do some Islamic states have achievements in the military-scientific field, while others do not? The answer (hardly, of course, exhaustive) to this question is in the civilization code or, if you will, the cultural matrix. Jemal often used both of these definitions.

Pointing PersI will start with Iran, which occupies a special place not only in the Islamic world, but also in the universal stories. And not only because it is a center of Shiism (in its specific local sense). This is the direct heir of the ancient highly cultured Persian civilization, and I will say more - the Mesopotamian. Even in the golden age of Muslim history, the Persians played an almost decisive role, especially in the life of the Baghdad Caliphate (recall at least Barmakids, Suhrab, al Khorezmi, Sukhravardi, Firdousi, Khayyam). They were the real intellectual elite of the Abassid caliphate and the Seljuk sultanate, which included the territory of the Zoroastrian state of the Sassanids defeated by the Arabs. In confirmation, I refer to the outstanding Russian scholar and geopolitics of Vadim Tsymbursky: “The Caliphate was created in the VII century as the hegemony of the Arabs. However, the rapidly Islamized Iranian Zoroastrians, less than a century, were among the strongest power elites of the caliphate, and two centuries later grew into one of the two recognized core components along with the Arabs. ”

The present-day Iran is perhaps the only Islamic country at the present stage that is trying to build large-scale armed forces based on internal scientific potential and its own industry. Of course, the achievements here are how competitive they are - another question.

I'll start with tank building. Under the leadership of Brigadier General Mir-Yunus Masum-Zadeh, engineers at Construction Crusade developed the Zulfikar tank, which belongs to the second-generation post-war vehicles. “Considerable help,” says expert Sergey Suvorov, “was provided to Iranian engineers by Russian specialists. In the early 90s, Tehran bought a batch of new T-72Ss at that time. Together with tanks Separate technologies for the production of spare parts and some components were transferred to Iran. At least two hundred specialists were trained in Russia at the Shot courses. We must pay tribute, the Iranian tankers who arrived in Solnechnogorsk took their studies very seriously, trying to absorb even the smallest little things. "

For the first time the tank was shown in 1994 and since then has been repeatedly upgraded. Now in service with the Zulfikar-3, which is still inferior in its combat characteristics to the Israeli Merkava Mk.4 and the Russian T-90 and the American M1 Abrams. But this is still ...

Iranian naval forces have ultra-small Kadir submarines of their own design. However, again, not really. Military expert Sergey Tolmachyov notes that the Kadir type diesel-electric submarines was developed in Iran in the middle of the 2000's. Its prototype is the North Korean submarine of the Yono type, the production technology of which, together with three ready-made boats, was transferred by Seoul to Tehran to repay the public debt.

This is not the only Iranian-made submarine. The Iranian Navy has three nationally developed underwater means for delivering Al-Sabehat-15 combat swimmers (length - 9,2 meters) designed for special operations forces.

Rocket science. At the present stage, according to expert Kirill Ryabov, Iran’s existing ballistic missiles make it possible to keep a large area around the country at gunpoint. With a range of about a thousand kilometers, they are capable of attacking targets in Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Middle East and Transcaucasia. Shahab-3 or Fajr-3 missiles reach objects in India, North and East Africa, Central Asia, and Eastern Europe. "With such weapons, Iran is already claiming the title of regional leader."

The Chinese and North Korean specialists provided serious assistance in Iran’s rocket science. In particular, the Shahab-3 was created on the basis of the North Korean Nodon, and that, in turn, came into being with the Russian help - “thanks” to Gorbachev, who at one time put the Soviet military-industrial complex on a hungry ration. As for the Fajr-3, the Iranians claim that the rocket was developed exclusively on its own. Brigadier General Hossein Salami, saying that she was able to move away from radar and hit several targets at once, he added: this is a completely new technology. Israeli and American experts doubt the stated capabilities of the Fajr-3, but they do not provide convincing arguments.

In the Air Force, Iran also seeks to rely on its own forces. A few years ago, the country's defense minister, Ahmad Wahidi, announced a program to create a third-generation fighter-bomber. The first is the Azarachsh (“Lightning”) fighter, developed by IAMI (Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial, also known as HESA) in collaboration with Shahid Sattari University. But without the help of Russia has not done. According to Kirill Ryabov, the fighter’s combat capabilities are primarily provided by the Russian-made H019ME Topaz airborne radar. Created in 90-e fighters "Sakih" ("Thunderbolt") are a modernization of "Azarachsha". According to the Iranian military, "Sakih" will be able to use the latest and most promising weapons of domestic development.

Significant progress of the Iranian military scientific thought is evidenced by the American stealth-UAV Lockheed Martin RQ-2011 Sentinel “planted” in the 170 of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s air defense. Then the Iranian Navy intercepted another American drone - Scan Eagle. According to the doctor of military sciences Konstantin Sivkov, if today Iran does not own any military technologies like intercontinental missiles, then this is only due to the problems of materials science and the like.

Exaggeration? Not. For how does a scientifically developed country differ from a backward one? Criteria a lot. One of them is nanotechnology. Iran has achieved notable success in this area, taking first place in the Middle East and 20 in the world. Suffice it to say Sudabe Dawaran - Associate Professor at the Faculty of Pharmacy at the University of Tabriz. On her account 15 registered inventions. An interesting detail: according to the Iranian ambassador to Russia, Mehdi Sanai, 67 percent of students in the universities of his country are girls. And Yevgeny Satanovsky, a leading domestic expert on the Middle East, once said: "Iran is a high-tech state, and the metallurgical industry is one of the best in the world." Add: Iran and its national space research is another interesting topic that requires a separate article.

Nuclear core of the Islamic world

Pakistan is a country with a rich history and the only Muslim nuclear power. However, like Iran in the field of rocket science, Islamabad relies on the assistance of the Chinese and North Koreans. Together with the PRC, Abdali, Ghaznavi, Shahin-1 and 1A, as well as the Shahin-2 BRSD, and the DPRK, the Hauri BRDD were developed.

In other words, without outside help, and non-Islamic countries, Pakistan would hardly have been able to create means of delivering nuclear weapons. But the possession of the atomic bomb Islamabad is obliged to its scientists, in particular the nuclear physicist Abdul-Qadir Khan. True, there is an assumption that this man, who had long worked in the Old World in the concern URENCO, associated with the enrichment of uranium, simply stole nuclear secrets. Expert Vyacheslav Yanovsky believes that Kadir Khan is rather a clever careerist than a talented scientist, because he was able to remove his compatriot, an outstanding physicist Munir Khan, who has been working on a nuclear project since the creation of the atomic bomb. Little is known about him, but one can say with all certainty: thanks to such enthusiastic scientists, Islamabad obtained a nuclear weapon. The country has enough merit in the scientific field, including in theoretical physics, it suffices to recall the Nobel Prize winner, the outstanding scientist Abdus Salam. At the beginning of 50, he was the one who directed the nuclear weapons program.

Like Iran, modern Pakistan is trying to manufacture its own conventional weapons. So far there are no special achievements, but the first steps have been taken. Along with China, the JF-17 fighter is already interested in Azerbaijan, Nigeria, Myanmar. And for financial reasons, the latter preferred the JF-17 to the Russian MiG-29.

Arguing about the successes of Pakistan in creating nuclear weapons, Yevgeny Satanovsky noted: "The Pakistanis are the same Hindus, only Muslims." I should add: the very word “Hindu” is identical to the phrase “a person involved in an ancient civilization”. That is, with respect to Pakistan, we also have reason to talk about its inherent highly cultured matrix, not fully reformatted by Islam and with caste division not overcome to this day, although not as tough as in India.

And it is obvious that if Iran needs a new Nizami al Mulk - Persian, to whom the Seljuk Sultanate owes much of its power, then Pakistan needs Mahmoud Ghaznavi - in honor of him, by the way, the country has a short-range missile. Of course, we are not talking about a campaign against India - it is simply impossible, but about the protection of science, which this prominent figure rendered.

In any case, both Iran and Pakistan may well claim the status, following the terminology of Huntington, the “core states” of the Islamic world precisely because of their civilization code, dating back centuries.

And another interesting detail, relating, perhaps, to a greater extent to Iran. Vadim Tsymbursky wrote: "The nature of civilizations can not be disclosed without resorting to the concept of hegemony." In this connection, let me remind you that Persia was a world empire, a superpower, quite possibly, that was also Harappan civilization. Someone will object: "All this is the work of days gone by." Of course, it’s not possible for me to predict the future, and the Shiite republic is unlikely to become the center of the Islamic world, nor will Pakistan be sharpened to a standoff with India. But Iran may well be among the leading world powers as a distinctive civilization and its great past (at least in part) will revive in its great present. The rest of the Muslim world, mainly Arabic, I think, will not be able to make intellectual competition to either the West or the Asian tigers.
Author:
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http://vpk-news.ru/articles/34737
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  1. avt
    avt 21 January 2017 15: 26
    +5
    Being neither a Muslim nor an occultist and accordingly not sharing the ideas of Heydar Dzhahidovich, especially the fundamental geopolitical task of Islam declared by him - the conquest of political power in the world, I note that he was one of the most non-trivial and interesting authors at the turn of the millennium, although its undoubted brightness for me pretty much with a minus sign.
    bully Yes, fullness! A classical Islamic fundamentalist, a kind of intellectual from Islam. (Woo bent! Straight on Pushkin's behests - ,, and a genius, friend of paradoxes! ") the same stubborn, but in Georgian nationalism, Zviad Gamsakhurdia. Somehow ..., the moral image of a fiery Islamist "who escaped" GB-kih repressions "and completely dims. There is no desire to recall" passionate Arab boys ", this is literally Heydar, the very ones who started burning cars in France in revenge for allegedly two Arab thieves who hid and burned down from this in a transformer booth from a police patrol? So God did not give a horn to the horny cow for our happiness, but his son continues his work and rushes, unlike dad, not scared ... actually watch him on TV and make sure, the realities of the present time - ,, we are not 37 years old " request Well, with regards to Iran, yes - the imperial nation and the imperial spirit are preserved. Well fact
    1. Ivanov17
      Ivanov17 21 January 2017 15: 54
      0
      In general, it is of course, intelligence is a feature of liberals and other persons of "democratic" nationality. How do you define intelligence and how do you measure it? A fiery Islamist, this is something new. And for example, Deacon Kuraev or D. Trump, "fiery Christians" ?
      Quote: avt
      Being neither a Muslim nor an occultist and accordingly not sharing the ideas of Heydar Dzhahidovich, especially the fundamental geopolitical task of Islam declared by him - the conquest of political power in the world, I note that he was one of the most non-trivial and interesting authors at the turn of the millennium, although its undoubted brightness for me pretty much with a minus sign.
      bully Yes, fullness! A classical Islamic fundamentalist, a kind of intellectual from Islam. (Woo bent! Straight on Pushkin's behests - ,, and a genius, friend of paradoxes! ") the same stubborn, but in Georgian nationalism, Zviad Gamsakhurdia. Somehow ..., the moral image of a fiery Islamist "who escaped" GB-kih repressions "and completely dims. There is no desire to recall" passionate Arab boys ", this is literally Heydar, the very ones who started burning cars in France in revenge for allegedly two Arab thieves who hid and burned down from this in a transformer booth from a police patrol? So God did not give a horn to the horny cow for our happiness, but his son continues his work and rushes, unlike dad, not scared ... actually watch him on TV and make sure, the realities of the present time - ,, we are not 37 years old " request Well, with regards to Iran, yes - the imperial nation and the imperial spirit are preserved. Well fact
      1. avt
        avt 21 January 2017 17: 24
        +2
        Quote: ivanov17
        example deacon Kuraev

        laughing Well this one is rather ... modernist. bully
        Quote: ivanov17
        .How do you define intelligence and how do you measure it?

        By Gumilyov I verify -
        At L.N. Gumilyova once asked a television interviewer:

        - Lev Nikolaevich, are you an intellectual?

        And Gumilyov soared:

        - God save me! The present intelligentsia is such a spiritual sect. What is characteristic: they don’t know anything, they can’t do anything, they don’t want to think on their own, but they judge everything and completely disagree with dissent.
        And that's good, even somehow abstruse bully
        "The intelligentsia is a specific group united by the ideological nature of its tasks and the groundlessness of its ideas" - G. Fedotov.
        The last point on Heydar .... Dzhikhadovich bully
        1. Ivanov17
          Ivanov17 21 January 2017 17: 33
          +1
          Quote: avt
          Quote: ivanov17
          example deacon Kuraev

          laughing Well this one is rather ... modernist. bully
          Quote: ivanov17
          .How do you define intelligence and how do you measure it?

          By Gumilyov I verify -
          At L.N. Gumilyova once asked a television interviewer:

          - Lev Nikolaevich, are you an intellectual?

          And Gumilyov soared:

          - God save me! The present intelligentsia is such a spiritual sect. What is characteristic: they don’t know anything, they can’t do anything, they don’t want to think on their own, but they judge everything and completely disagree with dissent.
          And that's good, even somehow abstruse bully
          "The intelligentsia is a specific group united by the ideological nature of its tasks and the groundlessness of its ideas" - G. Fedotov.
          The last point on Heydar .... Dzhikhadovich bully

          --- In terms of intelligence and erudition, Heydar Dzhemal, I think, has no equal not only in Kazakhstan, but also in Russia itself. In addition, he was a revolutionary by nature, a radical oppositionist and an excellent polemicist. And at the same time, this is a deeply tragic personality. His worldview and political activities are a great example of how important tradition and the right school are in Islam.
          Brought up in the Russian environment and on the books of Western philosophers, he began to look for his roots in adulthood, came to Islam and then tried to position himself as a traditionalist. He looked at Islam from the standpoint of classical philosophy. He, to some extent, can be compared with Ibn Sina and Al Farabi. As you know, the great Islamic scholar Muhammad Ghazali in his work “Tahafut al Falasifa” (in the Russian translation it is called “The collapse of the position of philosophers”) severely criticized the followers of Aristotelianism and Neoplatonism who left the Islamic environment, such as Ibn Sina and Al Farabi. In his work, he showed the groundlessness of the attempts of Ibn Sina and Al Farabi to combine philosophy and Islam. That is, he showed Muslims where to go, and closed the topic of philosophy for Muslims. There is no philosophy in Islam.
          Heydar fell into the same trap. The "garbage" of Western sociology did not give him the opportunity to come to the correct understanding of religion. The Islam of Heydar Cemal existed only in his imagination. He knew everything except Islam. He made another modernist anti-globalist theory out of his religion,
          1. avt
            avt 21 January 2017 17: 41
            +3
            Quote: ivanov17
            - In terms of intelligence and erudition to Heydar Dzhemal, I think there are no equal not only in Kazakhstan, but also in Russia itself.

            Nash-a-alnik, mana. And he may accidentally not be an Azerbaijani dissident wassat and indeed, why, and he was not noticed in TV shows in erudition, probably carefully concealed behind his categorical conclusions, which, as a true intellectual, he did not deign to confirm with sources illuminating him.
            Quote: ivanov17
            And at the same time, this is a deeply tragic personality.

            Well, I already noted this tragedy
            Quote: avt
            ) And if we take into account the fact that he was also a Soviet dissident, and I was a sinner in adolescence, he found repentance on TV, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, the same stubborn, but in Georgian nationalism. Something like that ..., the moral character of the fiery Islamist "who escaped the GB-kih repressions" and completely tarnishes.

            I can add that one officer, a senior KGB officer at that time, who really believed in that “human rights” rubbish and ceased to fulfill his duty on this basis, ended his life in a psychiatric hospital. Look and find the name yourself.
            Quote: ivanov17
            . The Islam of Heydar Cemal existed only in his imagination. He knew everything except Islam.

            laughing laughing Well, taco-oh-oh, but I do not presume to say, with all my cynicism, by the way. But what then do we do with his erudism you mentioned above ??? Ahhhhhh! It wasn’t enough for Islam bully .
            Quote: ivanov17
            . He made another modernist anti-globalist theory out of his religion,

            Which was required to prove.
            Quote: avt
            "The intelligentsia is a specific group united by the ideological nature of its tasks and the groundlessness of its ideas" - G. Fedotov.
            We are grateful to Velmie for your appreciation of Mr. Fedorov and the recognition of the full conformity of our defendant with the above dictum.
            bully
            1. Ivanov17
              Ivanov17 21 January 2017 17: 53
              +1
              Well, intelligence you understand in your own way and in the color of the skin and the shape of the eyes. And in Russian he wrote and read better than you, and he knew the history of Russia better. Your ideal of an intellectual is apparently Zhirinovsky, Satanovsky, etc. "fighters for happiness Russian people. "Well, this Armenian parodying Tajiks. By the way, go up to them on the street and parody them, not on the internet.
              1. avt
                avt 21 January 2017 18: 02
                +2
                Quote: ivanov17
                Well, intelligence in your own way and understand the color of the skin and the cut of the eyes.

                laughing To the captain, mana! Indicate where Gumilev, to whom Az the sinner referred, characterizing the intelligentsia, spoke about other skin color about the cut of the eyes.
                Quote: ivanov17
                .Your ideal of an intellectual is apparently Zhirinovsky, Satanovsky, etc. "fighters for the happiness of the Russian people."

                Again, when you are poked in your shit with your nose, you don’t need to shout that others have spoiled it, and you are not an angel of God who defecates. If you spray your national malice, then you really think it’s not visible what’s yours? Even if you are yelling that someone else’s? Bring a gracious reference, then already try to burn the verb,
                Quote: ivanov17
                .You, by the way, go up to them on the street and parody them, and not on the internet.


                , And they didn’t approach such people in real life and put them in their place, if there was any reason ... bully
    2. xetai9977
      xetai9977 22 January 2017 11: 03
      +2
      Sudabe Daveran somehow does not fit the definition of "Pers". She is Azerbaijani by nationality, actually.
      1. Knizhnik
        Knizhnik 23 January 2017 09: 09
        0
        Greetings. If a person lives in Iran, and considers him his Homeland, and works for his good and prosperity ... all that remains is to be proud of such a tribe, and nothing more.
  2. alone
    alone 21 January 2017 15: 45
    +3
    Iran. The center of Islam can only be called partly. Iran is the center of one of the movements of Islam-Shiism. Yes, and all this is only conditional. For the sake of his ambitions, he can calmly close his eyes to a lot. Such are the realities.
    Pakistan. Compared to Iran, it is stronger. There are nuclear weapons in the arsenal, after all, an important factor.

    Iran is prevented by only one factor in order to achieve its goals. The ambitions, which are exorbitant in strength, and the export of ideas of the revolution that took place there, do not have to impose anything on anyone. This is why many Muslim countries shy away from Iran.
    1. avt
      avt 21 January 2017 18: 15
      +1
      Quote: lonely
      Iran. The center of Islam can only be called partly. Iran is the center of one of the movements of Islam-Shiism. Yes, and all this is only conditional. For the sake of his ambitions, he can calmly close his eyes to a lot. Such are the realities.

      request Iran is generally just a state with imperial ambitions, historically laid down, or phantom pains about the empire, it’s someone like a choice, depending on its attitude to it. In which religion is the state ideology and the supreme power itself is its main carrier and interpreter of the norms of behavior in life. This is actually a specific regional variation, as in the same Britia, when the king himself appointed the head of the church, then Petya No. 1 abolished the patriarchate and made himself the head of the church, which lasted until 1917, even the USSR with a constitutional clause on the primacy of the CPSU and the Secretary General in chapter. Nothing new under the moon.
  3. Ivanov17
    Ivanov17 21 January 2017 15: 50
    0
    Well then, the dependence of the military-industrial complex of different countries should be considered from the angle of other religions. Something is not visible to scientists-nuclear weapons and nuclear weapons with missiles from Christian Ethiopia, Liberia, Gabon, Gabon, Cameroon. As well as Bulgaria, Romania (licensed production and "pirate "Soviet weapons do not count), Moldova, Greece. Buddhist Mongolia, Thailand, Myanmar do not shine either. India and China also coped with" foreign "help. What is the connection between religion and the military-industrial complex?
  4. Ivanov17
    Ivanov17 21 January 2017 15: 56
    +2
    By the way, weapons designers in the USSR were mostly atheists, and in other countries.
  5. V.ic
    V.ic 21 January 2017 17: 04
    0
    About Iran L.N. Gumilyov suggested outbreak of passionarity. Those with the works of L.N. not familiar, I ask you not to strain, but people really studying his work, please comment on the thesis subject to this article.
    1. Ivanov17
      Ivanov17 21 January 2017 17: 37
      0
      Then it is necessary to consider the state of Iran according to Gumilyov in isolation from Islam. But in the article, Islam
      Quote: V.ic
      About Iran L.N. Gumilyov suggested outbreak of passionarity. Those with the works of L.N. not familiar, I ask you not to strain, but people really studying his work, please comment on the thesis subject to this article.
      1. Sars
        Sars 23 January 2017 05: 13
        0
        As I understand it, according to Gumilyov’s theory, Iran should not be equated with subpassional regions. Passionarity and the development of science are not compatible.
        Here are their neighbors - Arabs, those yes. To explode in a jihad mobile is a clear sign of a state of mind.
        To justify the scientific and economic development of Iran, I would apply the theory of Blavatsky - about the different stages of the mental and physical development of nations, the Arabs, being the heirs of the shepherds, did not achieve the mental development necessary for the development of the military industry, the maximum for which they are enough - again, make materials from improvised materials jihad mobile.
    2. Ivanov17
      Ivanov17 21 January 2017 17: 57
      0
      It is not a matter of Iran’s passionarity, but that it is one of the two countries in the world where the constitution is based on Sharia law, and in December 1979 a constitution was adopted proclaiming an Islamic republic in Iran. It was specifically stipulated that the supreme power in the country belongs to the clergy in the person of Imam Khomeini (after his death - his successor), and civilian political power is exercised by the president, mejlis and the prime minister [1]. The basic law contained and legitimized the principles and ideas indicated in the works of Khomeini.
      The main sources on the basis of which the Iranian constitution was developed are the Qur'an, hadiths and works of Khomeini. As for the state ideology, its fundamental principles also acquired a religious character. So, Ruhollah Khomeini identified 5 pillars of the Islamic state. And the country is quite democratic
      Quote: V.ic
      About Iran L.N. Gumilyov suggested outbreak of passionarity. Those with the works of L.N. not familiar, I ask you not to strain, but people really studying his work, please comment on the thesis subject to this article.
      1. alone
        alone 21 January 2017 22: 05
        +5
        Have you ever been to Iran? Where did you see democracy there? What does democracy mean in your imagination?)))

        If a country is hostile to the United States, this does not mean that there is democracy. In Iran, the real theological tyranny of the mullocrates is.
        1. Sars
          Sars 23 January 2017 05: 17
          0
          There is no less democracy there than in Azerbaijan! And Azerbaijanis speak Iranian in secret; lucky for these fools with their government. And not one civil servant will beg for a bribe, unlike Az.
          1. Knizhnik
            Knizhnik 23 January 2017 09: 03
            0
            We also have some problems. But this does not mean that you need to shut up and idealize the rest because of the fear that ours is mentioned (mote, log, necessary to emphasize) in the eye, right?