Military Review

100 anniversary of the outstanding nuclear scientist Evgeny Zababakhin to be celebrated in the Russian Federation

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Today, a solemn event will be held in Moscow in honor of the centenary of the birth of the outstanding nuclear scientist, Academician Yevgeny Zababakhin, who made a great contribution to the creation of the national nuclear weapons. The event in honor of the scientist will also be held in Snezhinsk, Chelyabinsk region, where the nuclear center of his name is located.


100 anniversary of the outstanding nuclear scientist Evgeny Zababakhin to be celebrated in the Russian Federation


“Evgeny Ivanovich Zababakhin (1917-1984) from 1948 worked at the Design Bureau-11 (now the Russian Federal Nuclear Center - All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics, the city of Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region), where he participated in the creation of the first Soviet nuclear charge, successfully tested in 1949 year. Then Zababakhin carried out theoretical studies, the results of which allowed to significantly improve the design of nuclear charges. The Zababakhin scheme was successfully tested in tests, showed high reliability and cost-effectiveness, and was adopted as the basis for the USSR’s nuclear armaments, ”writes RIA“News».

In 1955, the scientist was sent to the newly created second Soviet nuclear center, scientific research institute-1011 (now the enterprise of Rosatom RFNC-VNIITF), where he became deputy supervisor of the institute and head of the theoretical department.

The practical result of Zababakhin’s work in Snezhinsk was the adoption of the first thermonuclear charge in 1957.

From 1960 to his death, the academician was the permanent supervisor of the nuclear center. Most of the nuclear weapons, put into service with the army, were created precisely in Snezhinsk under the leadership of Zababakhin.

“Also under the leadership of a scientist, VNIITF has become a leader in the development and use of devices for peaceful nuclear explosions. A large program of basic research was carried out at the Snezhinsk nuclear center, and data were obtained on the properties of substances and processes under extreme conditions inaccessible to laboratory experiments, ”the report says.

In 1998, RFNC-VNIITF was named Zababakhin. Over the years, Lieutenant-General of the Air Force Yevgeny Zababakhin was awarded the titles Hero of Socialist Labor, winner of the Lenin and three Stalin Prizes, and was awarded many orders and medals, including the 5-th Order of Lenin.
Photos used:
RFNC-VNIIEF
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  1. svp67
    svp67 16 January 2017 10: 11
    +8
    Yes, a sonorous and iconic surname ... such an industry in the USSR "zababahali" ... fellow
    1. Alex_Rarog
      Alex_Rarog 16 January 2017 12: 09
      +3
      It's a pity there are practically no such people in the modern world (Blessed memory!
      1. svp67
        svp67 16 January 2017 12: 41
        +1
        Quote: Alex_Rarog
        It's a pity there are practically no such people in the modern world

        Such people are ALWAYS ON WEIGHT OF GOLD. For their appearance and activity it is necessary to create CONDITIONS. They do not appear just like that.
      2. Orionvit
        Orionvit 16 January 2017 20: 37
        +1
        It's a pity there are practically no such people in the modern world (Blessed memory!
        Well do not tell. Russia is still holding on (even after the betrayal of 91g), and the nuclear arsenal is in order. It's just that people like Zababakhin were the first. What an honor and praise to them.
  2. SS68SS
    SS68SS 16 January 2017 10: 11
    +5
    THANKS AND ETERNAL MEMORY !!!!
    It is thanks to the work of such people that RUSSIA has become and will be GREAT
  3. cniza
    cniza 16 January 2017 10: 13
    +6
    So this is where the expression - "let's forget", our shield was built on such people, thanks to them and eternal memory.
  4. 210ox
    210ox 16 January 2017 10: 13
    +4
    Besides the subsequently known scientists, the country's nuclear shield was forged by tens of thousands of ordinary workers. Honor and glory to them ..
    1. Paranoid50
      Paranoid50 16 January 2017 10: 50
      +3
      Quote: 210ox
      Besides the subsequently known scientists, the country's nuclear shield was forged by tens of thousands of ordinary workers. Honor and glory to them ..

      I join. Yes, and the city itself became famous only after many years. Snezhinsk .... I learned this name from the "Sinarskaya Diaspora" on our course, twenty years ago, as unofficial, historical. Officially it was simple and prosaic - "Chelyabinsk-70".
    2. Shadowcat
      Shadowcat 16 January 2017 11: 04
      +1
      Any victory in the military, or in the scientific field is forged in the rear. Such an even outstanding marshal of the USSR Konstantin Konstantinovich used to say more than once or twice.
      But all the same, the successes and ideas of the entire population were concentrated in these personalities.
  5. Engineer
    Engineer 16 January 2017 11: 12
    +1
    Looks like Tupolev
  6. midshipman
    midshipman 16 January 2017 19: 14
    +1
    Bright memory. I remember it was necessary to fly through to the north of Novaya Zemlya. They were not allowed, radiation rose. These Specialists with their labors and now defend our country. I have the honor.